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Full text of "The Universal Household Assistant: A Cyclopedia of what Everyone Should Know..."

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at lilitp :/ /books . google .com/ 



THE UNIVERSAL 



HOUSEHOLD ASSISTANT. 



A CTOLOPBDU or 



WHAT EVERY ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



CX>MPLBT1! DIHBCTIONei FUR MAKINU AND OOINCl 
FIVE TliOUSASD THINQ8 NECESSARY IS BUS 
SBtm. THE TKADRtH. TDK KIlOP, THE IIUllE, 
TUE FARM, AND TUE KITCHEN. 



Omiftitinii Mft^prK PmcT'iitlniiM. Jfr^iciva. ItiKMfariurtnf 

Tnuit UnytU, CJumifvl J"i»-;inni/Jwm, M-i^auinil Appttttiicti. Aid (o 

if^un^, Aaii-iiilf*^ BuMimrta Jn/ormation. Avv/^it^ £au, 

hfiat fVniruliua. Arl Work, liuiep Work. Jprimlturf, 

fVuil OKlrora. Sloi* AiMnir. and Aunitmti 

<■/ olAor vt/ui A<Ht< Oiul AcdM. 



GATHERED FROM TOE MOST REUABLB SOCHCEa 



Bv S. H. BURT. 



NE W TORE ! 

A. L. BUItT, I'UBUSHEB. 



conmcKT iMi BT a. L. n'vT. 



PREPACK 



^WlMt rvcry ciiir should kniiw"iirc tluidc praciical, h«ndy vtiT* 
ot doing. laMting and mcndiog all sons nod kiniU of Cbingr, Ignor- 
Doce of wbicB iMceuluie* no much extra Ubor. iroiibk, anxicly and 

In the comcnun daily experience of cvcff ene there arc huoilred* 
of ucca«ion*vihcn A linowlcil^ot "bow to do" would «dd largely to 
Ihe Hiccos, comfort or ufeiy ol life. There are etnersencin cixi- 
slARit)- ArlilDg. tioih In ihe wdiiury couTM of ba»!ncH and trad v, 
and ihiuui'li Ihe uKurrciicc of ■ccidcnts, that require instiint aKeif 
tion, or the rciuki «il] be mon dUutroiu. There arc Innumerable 
Instances where !x pr^ticdl knowledge of ilie clrraBnis of Medicine 
and Surgery would tie of incalcuUhle benefit in preserving life. TJie 
coEnforc. luxury and beat:iy of the houicbold'can be Inrscly In- 
creasod by a little study ul the means of repairins »ur posctisiDns, 

It ii lo supply much needed infurniaUon on tbcie and other com- 
moti but c»scnlial topics that Ihi* book has been mode It ha« lieen 
the inlcntioD of the compiler to gather into Ihi* volume nil (how 
practical rule*, reclpei and hints which are capable of being followed 
and applied by any one without hlgh-prlccil prafeMJooal advice or 
inilrurtion: to »how [be way of dolo)^ thiiics onetclf nitbuul un- 
neccsury delay. labor or expense; Bofcathet much that ha« existed 
In the tfcncial experience ol men and women, hut which ban never 
bcea clasklfiod, and to prevent this moaa of information in » handy 
form so that It niay he cany ol occoui whenci'cr the contlontly recur- 
ring uCCusiuns dcnuind, 

A lilt of ibc contents of tbJs book would include all the simple 
recipes, prescriptions and medicines, their composition, usea aad 
cffeas, which a family employs; it would contain descriptions of all 
(he manufacturing prnccswss, the trade Mcret*. the chemical and 



4 PKEFACB. 

■nKhuikal agents, clc, lliat »hiiulil form li pari of tho indu»triBl 
equipment ai every oriiMD anil mechanic; Jt would conuin bu»incu, 
liiw, an'l m^ttantiir iiiteirtimili.n by dicaiik i>I which the (rjiilrt nre 
cooducied; it wuuld tuntuiii complcic diicclions fur doini; nil thutw 
cotnmoii thliiK* ibai lUlly pcqilcx hnutekccperi all over (li« iMid; 
it would ojnUiii miin)' liiiiis and dircaloni of value ici Ihe fftricer, 
reUliog to the culiurv vl ihe Untl. the growing uf cropH luiil Inula, 
the rcOirlnK of live ilock, clc; it would coniaia direclioas for moxler- 
ing thuM braiiclics of Hrt wnrk that are uccu|>yIiiE %» inucli Mllriitiun 
at procni; it would contain nilei fur tooducl in all sorts of emexKen- 
clt», fium the p'lUoning of a human bclnit lo the hreaklng of a chnjr 
leg, fiuBi n cnialnitue nf untidulr* I') (h<r recipe (or mttlciniiH lurnilum 
votniih. 

All tbcoe lliingt, and many miirc, thi* bcxA contalnt. The 
aTph:ibcli(aJ arranicenienl r>f subjects lias bc«n selected aa Ihe most 
convenient i'lt refMcnce, From humlrcd* of reliable source* ihe 
Utklei have been ^.tlurird. iind n» IhinK has ticcn admillod which 
bu not Ihe sancliun <if usage and wi<nh. 

Some of th« iniarmaiion belH-ccn ihc).e covert irlll n«i be unfa- 
nUllar to each reader, hut what nru' liinis and hcl^is arc gliiBncd will 
Tepafone fifty times Ihe cost; and .ns peoplccannut always remember 
what ihcy Ji know when it U moKt necccwry, llilt link mentor and 
gside ahoold tilwayn tie ni hand, ready !'> give you its aid. 

In prc«enliti|; lhi$ bmik to the Public, the compiler feel* aunrol 
that ill iiMfiiliicu and nuvdiy will be an Immcdiatepauiiorl to favor, 
and that iu worth will bring it lasting popularity. 

S. li. B. 

}kvn YokK, 1684, 




WHAT EVERY ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



A Cyclopedia of Practical Information. 



AbSMM.— Ill some panttnUrs ftn *b>cc>a rcMmbld ■ laige botl. 
Them i» an iiiHunnuiory romlilion, wllti heal. pain, and flwelliiiK, 
The result ot lhi» [|in>miniiii<>ii ih ihr ilihtliHriir oi ilrxcncfalcil mnt- 
let iiT pus. They muy be i>g>cneil iiv vooii us iiulsMiinii it ileieded. ib« 
Mmc *t \io\h. at <bc i>peraiiun niny be iletuyed until by uiin^ hot 
WRIct ci>niprouc», flax teol poitliicc. brcnil and hoi milk poulilce, 
Ihoy I'limc to « point or hcail. The matter or pus shoulil be tom- 
pletety dUchar^d by i:^"''<' pmttiura, »i)it (he eavity freely naibed 
out by injecting a mixture of one pari carbolic ndtl and tn-cniy of 
wuini i*.iter, and preniiUtc exerted 1^ a baiidaj .•, v 1en heating will 
FApiiliy l.ike plai'c. 

Add— 1 Strawberry']. — T«ke ihree pound* <i( ripe ■(raw berries, two 
ouncn of tiiHi ncid. and mia quart of ^prini; waier, l>itaolvt> the 
acid in the iiatcr. and puut it on the strawberries, and let Uiem xtand 
In n ru«l place twenly-four houn. Then dmin the liquid off. and pour 
il (in Ihtre nmre pound* of (tult; let it tland twenty-four hour*. Add 
to the liquid its onn irfiKht of kuic'r; boll it three »r fom minutei in 
a porcetain.linetl prcMrve Icctile. icBt metiil miiy affeci the lute, and, 
when (ool, eoilt it in bottle> lightly (or three iyi. then tightly, and 
seal iliem. Keep in a dry and cool place. It it dcticioiiM for Kick and 
well. 

Aconita Llntnwat. — Tincture oi aitoniu root, lineiure of amic* 
Howcri, laudanum in equal parta. Mix Lhoroufihly: a very uieful lini- 
ment. 

Aconite — piMioning by. — Thii root ha> been nomeiiiiir^ swallowed 
(or horteradlth. Tbc iiynipion» of poiaonini; l>y ihi.i incunt. or by 
an oveiiUi« are tionUnK and nurtibnew o) the lonicue. throat, and 
limbs, puin in the Moinach. vomitlnu, purf;inj|;. feeble pulie. labored 
breathing, and great ptoiiraiion. Give an emetic of sulphate of liiic 
In HBicr. nr three oi four ipoonfuU of table salt and water, Utc av 
alcoholk Miinulam, and ill tbc meantime fond (or the (amil)- phy*" 
«laa. 



ft m/A r p. VF.K Y OS-F. SlfOVl.P Kh'O w. 

AccideoU. — In all recent wound*, the fl>«l considcmlioii i* (0 »■ 
move foreign bodies, »uch aa pieces of claw, sjilimcm ol wood, pieces 
(if *tone, earth, or any other R)b*tiin<e thAt m^y have been introduced 
\>1 Ihe violence of ihe art which cauHed the itouiiil. Where ihrrc i* 
much Iota n\ MuikI. an ]iiieiii|>t vhtiuld be maIl<^ \a nmp li wiili ilry 
llni, comprcased above the piiil wouiKlcd. il the Mocd be nf » ilorid 
color; and below, if of a dark color. Inpropurliun lo tb« inipurlaitce 
of the part wnunded. will he the debtee of Ihc discharge of blood, atid 
the >ub»enucnl icndcinv I" intlamnialion and llf> coniniucnceii. 

Accidents— wairs to pr«vcnt.~~A« moxt frudden dcaih» come by 
water, pariiculnr c.iulion ii therefore neci-isiirjr in its vidnily. 

Si.inO n»i fidi 4 tree, or any leaden spoul. iron gale, or palisade, hi 
liinc of li|{htiiiiiK. 

L'jr loaded gun* in *)ifc places, and nrvcf imitate Itring a gun in 
Jest. 

Never tleep near charcoal: if drowsy «l any work where charcoal 
lircs xre uticd, lake the frcth air. 

Carefuiljr rope ttct^i before ihny arc cut down, that when Ihcy li>ll 
they may do no injury. 

When benumbed with cold beware of sleeping out of doori; rub 
yoaneK. K you have it In your power, with snow, and do dot hastily 
approach the lire. 

beware of damp air vaults: let <hem remain open oome lime before 
you colei: or scalier pitwdered lime in them. Where a lighitd candle 
will not burn, animal life cannot rxiil; it will be an cacellcnt caution, 
iherctore. before entering damp and confined places, to try ihit sim- 
ple experiinent. 

Never leave Hddle or draught horse*, while in ute. by Ihemtclvcs; 
oor go immcdiaiety behind a led hone, as he Is apt to kick. 

Be wary of children, whether they are up or in bed; and partlcu- 
Urty when thev ate near the lire, an etemem with which thc> are very 
apt la amuse ihemsetlr*. 

Leave nothing [lottottotiB open oi actnoible; arul never omit to 
write Ihe word " Poison " in large letters upon ii, wherever it may be 
placed. 

In walking the streets keen out of the line ol the cellars, and t^ever 
look one way and wi^k another. 

Kever throw piece* of otangc-peel. or broken glass bottles into tbc 
streets. 

Never meddle with gunpowder by candle light. 

la ojiening ellen'escing drinks, such as soda water, hold the cork 
in your hand, 

Oult your house with core on a frosty morning. 

Have your horse*' shoe* sharpened when there are Indications ot 
frofi. 

la ItlmiBing ■ lamp with naphtba, never fill It. Leave space for the 
qiUil lo •smimI with warmth. 

Kev«r quit a room leaving the poker in the fire. 




If// AT Kt'/^Xr OXH S//OVLD KXOW. ? 

Whvn the bran rod o( iJie »t»t carprl bMomcs loow, (>sl«n It Im. 

Keep lucifei maidieti En their ttatA., and nercr let them be urcwcil 
nboui 

Acid Dropt, — Pound and sifl into » ctnn pan eichl ounccn of dou- 
IjIc rcrinr-j lUkfar, add ntuwly aa much wuter aa will render the Migar 
-uiBcicnil)' moiK not lo iiicic to the iiirriog (poon, |>liirc ihc pan on a 
small iioirc i>r slow fitc, and Mir till it iK«rlT ImlU, remove (rom the 
fire und »iit (i> one nrid one- fourth i>iiticca lonark acid. Ploee It on 
the I^TC fur half u minute, then dip i>ul tmull ijuunlitie* (torn ihr pjtn, 
And let il IhII in irnall drvpt tm n ilmn tin plutc: reinuvR ihn drvpt 
in luo hiiurs with a knife. 

Acid Stooikcb.— A liitic in«|7i»U and water will lomeiimes cor- 
rect the ocidltT of B child's Kiomoch, and render unnecessary any 
stronger medicine. Powder n (cBxpoonful i>f mngncua. and piii \\ In 
half n RiMti o( water; it will not diMolvr. of eourxe, but will inU with 
the wiitCT so thjil an infant CHn utt^illon it. Give i> lea!>piK>nful \iX (hit 
three times a day until indicatiun.ii wnrtnni you in discontinuing it. 

folian Harp— to make. — Thli Jmlrument. vhen placed in a win- 
don' in a draft ui tXt. produce* the most pleating mutlc. We here 
give itifcciiono nhetcby any one injy conitlturt one fur. himielf: 
LenKlh, ihirlv-iwo inched by six inched: depth, one iind Ihree- 
quarlcr inchrt. The Mrlngi are attached lu the smiiU li-<oks at 
the end, corret pond inn to the peg*. The ilringt muil be about 
the thickness of the Anti Mrlnji of the violin. Thi:sr string* 
answer well, but If too rx(ien»ive the oinnll gut uvnl hy whij) inanu- 
factiircro nmy be used. The biittom ptiink of iJiehHrpHhuuhl !«• oak. 
tbtce-qii.-iTlers of an inch thick, length three feel, breadth [en inchei. 
The bridges may be any »ooorou» wood (but sieel will give the be«l 
sound), half an inch In height, cut angular lo a blunt point. They 
mu»l not lie flnllened down, but niu:^! be made t>< At very dal to Ihc 
boiEnni bmird. or it will jiir and ncitr plaj- well, ThUiMhc great 
defect in nil luirps m^ide by Hinaleurv. The ends of the h.ir[i« should 
be uak, one inch thick, and must be fixed very firmly lu the bottom 
boBid, but r>oi with meial screws or glue; and in these the pins are 
fixed for ilghirniog (be Mrings. Use fid die pins, half ai each end. 
The top tihiiuld be hulf an inch thick, and sycamore wood U Ihe bc»i. 
and may be polished ; it should be vcnr slightly fMtencd on, fur it has 

10 be removed every time to tunc. Common catgut dnea nearly aji 
well as German. Gel as thick a siring as you can for one side, and a 
thin one (or the other; then graduaie them from the thick to the thin. 
Mt as not to have two alike. They ore in general tunc lo Kebic C. hut 

11 U preferable lo tunc in low C, nnd then rnch string nn ociace 
higher. Thi* i<> e;Liily altered, it desirable. The iiiMnuncnts must he 
very strong in nil respects, fur Ihe strinKS exert almost incredible 
rtrengih. The p.)siiion for placing the harp at the window to be with 
Ihc upper lurfaci- Inclined towards the draft of air. 

Ague Cure — Cut ihrcQ IctnoRt Into thin »l[c«* and puitnd them 



» IfffAT £VE/tV ONE SHOVID AWOW. 

with > innllel. then ulte enough CoflF« to make a quart, boil it Aowa 
ii> u |jlni uml puur it while quiic lioi uver ihe lemons. Lci it staail 
till told, ihcn siTHln ibn)uj;h a cluih, and uke (he whole bI one dose, 
iwim/JiiiUlv j/lir ihe chill ii over, and kf^rt Ihc (evet mmeii on. 

Ague Pill. — [fuinioe, i*cniy Kr*ins; nove»'« ptiwilff*, wn uminii; 
subrarbnnair of iron. teoi[r(iio>.;inijiwiih a\<i<\\:i.^t "\ uiim iidiliii- iiii.) 
furm tnlii Ivemy pills. Dose, two carh linur. commvnt'iTiij; lite liuum 
berorriht chill should Mt In. Then tske ■>»« night wad niornini; un- 
til all are toktrn. 

Alabaiter~ to clean.— F<ic cImninK il ihere ii nuihing: beiirr ihui 
•Mp nnd nitlrr Stiiiiis iiiHy lie irnuivnl l>y wiLSliini; wilh |ioh{i mkI 
wikter. then wliiie-washiiiK iht' BUiiie<J iiitri. Icltint: ■' ^tand Home houn, 
then n j^IiiiiK "ff lb<! while-waah. and rub^iDK ihp Maincd part. 

Ale iGingerV— The Belfast ginger ale may be made a* foUowt; 
Powered iloubk- refined lugar, sixteen ounceHi csurnce ol cayennr, 
fmir drachm*: o.iifiice of Icnion. tiiriy dro|j*. The Koda, ih'ld. anil 
HUuar innsi be rarefulljr dried sci'stniely. ut a Ieni|>cr3iiiitr nut cx- 
cccditiK one hundred and taeniy dcgii.-»; and the iu|;iir, befun.- dry- 
ing, muii be thor<iii(ihly incorpciraI«l with Ihc esicntes, lo which u 
■m.tll quanllly \ii (jramcl ns (oloring may be itddctl. Thii forms a 
IMiwiIer.a dfi>icri'h|)oonfiil oI which will niokc a lumlilctlul of the 
drink. 

Ammonia — iiaet oC— For washing paint, put a tabtuiioonful ol 
•piritiuf ammonia in a quart of moderaiety hut irater. dip In uflunael 
eloiti. and with Ihii sitnply wipe o0 the wood work; no actubbing wjII 
be ncrrwary. 

For inkini; irreaM- spot* from any fabric, use (he unmnnia nearly 

rute, ilicn l*y irhittr lilo(tini{ paper over Ihc (.put und iron it lightly. 
n wailiinc laces, put about twelve dropi iti a pint ul wurm itids. 

To clean silver, mix two leupoonfuis of ammonia in a mian o( hoc 
(UBp kudii, put In your sllvciware and wub it, uilng an old nailbni»h 
i>r tuoih brush (or the purpii»>e. 

Fur cleaninic hnir bru«he». etc, nimply ahake the l)TUtthe« u^i nnil 
down in n mixture of one lca!i|iuun[ul of ammonia to one pint of but 
water: when they arc cleanied. rin»e them in cold water, and stand 
them In ihc « ind or in a hot place lo dry. 

Fitr vskhinK iinjtcr mark* front lookinit Rtome* or window*, put a few 
drupa of ainmunlH on a tnoiht rat:, and ni»ke quick work of it. 

11 you wiah your hoiuc plnnu to lloiuiah. put n few dnifi* of the 
■pinu in ererv pint u( water uicd in watering. 

A Icatpoonful In a basin of cold water adds much to the refreshing 
eSect* of a bath, 

Niilhinic is belter ihun ammonia for cleaninn the hair. In every 
oae riiuc i>lf ammoniji with clear water. 

Liquid ammonia ii the most powerful and useful agent (or cleaning 
ailk slulli and hats, and for neutmliiing the effects of acids. In this 
iMtcr cow it la often coouich to cxpote the spots to the vapor of am- 
monia, whicb makca ifaom dibap|>ca( cniiicly. 



Ants— ttreral wsfs to destroy.— Put i»d pepper in the placet ihc 
- ants frc<|iient ibc mv&i. and scrub th« shclvn or ilrawen wilh *iroi>( 
carbolic -loap. 

A ■initJI boK of KUlphur kep: la n drawer or mpboftid, or suaccrs of 
ollic-tJir Mt whrre they SM. will drirc tbam nwajf. 

A HlrinK wtI in Icrriisone oil »nd lied Around VUgix burcU, Urd 
t»iis, prcWTvn, eW., is oaid [■> kce(i uway aou. The string should 
lie wei with the oil «ve«)r few d»j:». 

Anti m»y b« drivcti away by putiing Scotch »aull wherever they 
arc In Ihc habit nf f{oInj( lor food. 

A stnAll xpr^y of vtorniWDud if plar«<l on buttery shelve*,' will, il ia 
taid. (ICKlroy or drirc >wiiy Hntt. 

I'cnoim who iirc [ruubtml wiih anil in iheir houses may k''' "'^ <>' 
them by tuhbintt the shrh-Fi with ftum camphor. Two uppli<aiioni 
•rill be tuflicicnl, H'lth a week Intervening. 

A siri>nc u>lu(ioii of caibolic acid »iid waiei. poureil Inui hole*, kill 
all Ihe HOU it tonchot. aad the snrvtvorti immediately tnkc lh«n- 
selves off. 

Ants that frequent house* ot Rardcns m*y Iw destroyed by lakioc 
flour of brimstone half a pound, and potash four ounces; sci them In 
on lion or cArthen pan ovci thu liir limit diu^nlvnl und united: allnr. 
nards lieut them in ii jjimder. und infuw a little n\ this powder in 
water — and wherever yon sprinkle it the boIs wili die or leave the 
place - 

Red nnis mny be bnnlihed from a pJintry or store-room by sliewlni; 
ihc shelve* with ■ hmxlt iiuantliy of elovM. ciiher whole or i-riiuiid. 
We uic (he ((irniet. wt not bcioK so likelr to get in the fo'iii iiU(-ed 
upiin the shelvcB. The clotei should be renewed occiuionaily, «• 
after a lime they lose their strength and dccty. 

Antiseptic— Boracic acid is said to be one of the best nntlscplica; 
ime \tM\ of a ten per cent, solution added to clRht of milk, is *«ld 10 
keep it fn-Hh a week. 

Aatiseptic. — Dr. 7.o1lner states that carbon disulphide in n Kate of 
vapor is capable of acting us a powerful antiseptic. Two drop* 
allowed to craporaie spontaneously In ft closed vessel o( the ordiniiry 
lemperaluie were found to keep meat, (rull. vcjtelahlc*. and dread in 
■ perfectly fresh condition for several wcckh, Vhc Articles submitted 
la UlB proccM acquire neither smell nor tAttr, the carbon disulphide 
ovaporaiinK enltrety when [bey arc expoied to Ihe air nt the ordinary 
letnpcrnlure. The vapor of carbon disulphide beinK »cry inrtamtno- 
ble. oil experiments should be performed durin^i dayllKhl. 

Allti>Pat Diet. — For ihooe people whotc embonpoint is a matter 
of solicilodc. irheihrr iKCHUne it i* uncomfortable or unfashionable, 
ihe (ollowinit <''ci >> propMcd by a doctor: Lean inuitoii and beef, 
veal and lunb. soups not ihickened. beef, ten and broth: [loultry. 
Kkme. luh, and eggs; bread in moderalion; it^eetii- cieues. lettuce, 
PIC.: tpveti pcM, cabbage, caulifluiret, ooions; (resh frviit wiihoal 
RIKU. 



W tVHATBySKY O.VE SltOVlD KKOm 

ApftrtmnU— to pcriiBnc.— The bcM And tnatl Himpic mcnhod 
dilTunc !>!<: odor of aiijr perfume ilin>U|{houi tmapartmcni is (» laal 
use of a spirit- 1 Amp. Inli> Ibis lump put thp ctscncc or sccnl, whicb 
ih>>iiUI fiot contuin nalcr. Provide llic lump wilh a (hick nick, and 
pliu:c »li|{till>' above a »m«11 boll ol xpundV plutlnum: then liffht (he, 
wK'k. HncJ when thr pUiliiuin i* red-hot. uhkh will lie (he ciuc in ■« 
Tew srmml*. Iitiiw vul Ihi: (litnic, Thr plulinuin hull will coniinuc Ini 
a »t3lr of ijEnition ai luiiK ai any spirit remxiiis in ihv bnllli!. Ihruvr* 
inx oil tbc iwrfumc ami vapor aa it sriie* by mcani (A the wick, and 
ili0ti)>inu It generally ihrmighout the whole apattmcni. In Iheab- 
senee iil ■ (>iifii(-lAinp. n narrow-necked bottle may be made u*c u(; 
biK efiie mn^l be t^ken (h«t i( doca not creek when the n-kk l» aU|[h(. 
The lamp is the lafnl. 

Aperient!.— For children nothlnK I* better than:— i. Brimilone 
and ticucle; to cjich tcacuptui of ihli, when mixed, add a tenspoonfi 
til cie.im o( tartar. A« this »oiiiriimc« pr<iilnces Hicknns, the (oilo» 
inj{ mny be uned: 1. Tuke ol t.irlrHtv of toda on« dram anil k' 
hul. poH-dercd jalap and |iou*deri.-d rhubarb, each fidecfl paina, ^In- 
Ker, tvo Kraini; mix. Dntc for a child over fire yean, one aniatl 
tcB>p»anlul; over ten year*. ■ large tcnspoonful; («r a person over 
twenty. Ihreo leMpooiuful, or the whole, «« may Ik miuired by ihc 
tiiitiit i>( the jierac-n. This medicine may |}e disiolrcd in warm woter. 
cuinmon ur mint tea. This powder ean be kept for use in a wide- 
mouthed bulUe. and be in r«adine» (nr any emergency. 

Apothecaric*' Weight.— Twenty grains make one iicniplc. (hree 
scruplen uiic il].tm. ciitht dramh one ounce, luelve ounce* one 
pound. Mr<liclnc6 Hie always |>ur«ha»e(l wholeaole by avoinlup'ilit 
weight. For cuDlpuundinj; liiiuid*. an apothecary's glass meaaurc 
will be found indispensable. A two or three ounce tiie will be large 
enough (or moM purpoaes. 

Apples— to keep.— I. DavinK selected the bcM frull, wipe it per- 
fectly dry n ilh » hni' c1r>th, thru tiik<; a jar uf (ultable Mte. (he in^de 
of which is thoruutibly c»ii(eil with (emciii. imd having placed aliiycr 
of line taad perfectly dry at the boitum. place ihereun a layer of ihe 
fritlt— apples or pears, as the cose may be — bu( not so cli»e 
a* lo touch each other, and then a layer of tand; and In thia way p(i>. 
ceed till (he ceHcl l« full. Orcr the nmier layer uf frnii a thick 
stratum (it sMid maybe tprvad and lightly presstNl down with thr 
hands. In this manner chuice fruii perfectly ripe may be kepi fur 
almost any length of time, tf the ;ar be placed In a situation free from 
moisture. 

1. Take fine dry Miwdust. preleraUy tha( mode by a circular daw 
from well tcasonnl bard wood, and place a tliick layer on bottmii o( 
a barrel. Then iilnce > layer of apples, not close logethcr and du* 
close to staves of the barrel. Put sawduii liberally ovcraiid around, 
and proceed until a bushel and a half, or leu, arc xo packed tn each 
barrel. They arc to be kept in a cuul place. 

Apple Butter.— Boil new cider down to one-half i|aaiiiUj. Pan, 




n'lUr F.l^ERV 0\'K mOVLD KXOW. 



^^^^ WHAT EVKRY ONH SHOULD KXOIV. \t 

^H cut and cnrn vqi^l qiuniitiM of »ir«cl and Mur oppte*. Pot ihr 
^^V (WMi appin idlo a \*,TVf k«itlc lo soften a Itdle firsl. as th«y arp ih« 
^H ti«rdcEt. AddcftbUgh boiled cider to cook th«ni. Afier boiling hall 
vm nn hour. (ii(rli>K often, put in the tavx applci. and add more boiled 

cider, with rioImms cnoiitch 'i nweew^ moderaicly. Boil uniil ten- 
1^ itrr. Mirriiii; lo |>r«v«iit bumiiiK. Htwk in Arlcinn or *li>ti« pots fui 

I^P Apple MoUssci.— Take netr *we«t cider juM from ili« presx. made 

'■ (mni «wcci "PplM. and boil it down ns thick n» West India molaMo. 

1l should lie twiflfd in l>ras<^, nnd niit burned, iu th«l would injure the 
(tiivor. It will kreii in lli< cellar, afid i> xaid ti> be- a« i^ood. and (ot 
ni'iiy purp'jm. better, than moIaMM. 

Apple Punch.— Lay in a China IxiwI. sIicm of apples and lemona 
atlcmalcljr, coeh Uycr twinn ihicklr strewed with powdered lUgu'. 
Poul oTcr ihe fnili, irhen ihe bowl it half Alle<l. a bottle of daf«t; 
cover, and let it Maud for (ix hours, then pour li through a qiukIIii 
tiBB, and it is all read)?. 

Apple Todd/. — One tabtcspoonful of line while suEar. four wine- 
. of cider brnndy. onc-halfof a bakedapplc. Fill the glots iwo- 
'^Irds lull (.( hoiliiic waier. and grale a little nutmeg on lop. 

Arrowroot— substitute for.— Ftnc^t poinin (larch, m-cnly-fivc 
p<.iindi liiiii]' "UK«r, (our piiiinds fmcty-ffroond rlec. twenty-one 
jiounds. Mix. and sift (hrouitli iKwn; yiddt i>n«>hundred pound* 
ejicelleni arrowroot, 

Articbokei— to pickle. — Gaiher young arltchokes as soon aifnrm- 
ed; throw them inio boitm^ brine, nndlei them boil two minute*; drain 
ihcm: when lold tind dry, put itirni in i,tr<^. and cover wlih vmcuar, 
the only sptcM employed should W K'nKer, maoc. and nuiinec. 

Artificial SluB—fer bums, bniisea, etc.— Take %Mn cotton and 
Venice turpentine, equal parts of each, and disaolve ihcm in twenty 
iin»-t as much lulphurle eiher. dinolvlnfr the (otion lini then adding 
the lurprnline, keejiii (orlced lixhily. water docv not ellcci li. henrn 
its vjiinc for tracked nijiplei, chapp"! •"■'"!". nurf.nc Iiriii*cti. etc, .etc. 

Articles of Dress — to renovate. — l^ilsimd fats nre ilie subilances 
which form the C'caler pari of limple %lains. They give a deepshadc 
lo ilic ground of the clmh; they continue lo jpread for several day*; 
they aitmct the dujti and retain It laitrongly, that It \* not removAblQ 
by ilie brush: ami they ei'cniii.'klly rrmlcr thr itain liKhier-eolorcd upon-^ 
a dark ground, and of a disaKreeablc gray linl upun a pale or light 

t [round. The general principle of cleansing all spoti consist in apply. 
iig (« Ihem a KUtit^tance which shall have a slionKer affinity ft»r the 
maltef compoMng ihc-ni than ihlc ha« for ihe cloth, and which ihiill 
render then) tioluhlc in »iiirne U'tuld mcnKiruum.such u w«ler, spirits, 
uil of luipentine. etc. Alkalies ui^uM leecn to bo proper in this point <if 
view, as thej" are ihc moil powerful solvenia of grease: but they net 
too *tr<icigty upon tillc and wool, as well as change loo powerfully the 
colors of dyed siuffi, m he tafely applicable In reinoi'lnii »lain». The 
be(tuib«tancnforihi><putiio«eatc: — i, Soa;i, 3. Chalk, fullcra' earit^ 



la m/At f.VERV (Mf. SUOOLD kWOiV. 

MMp-KioiM. Thete ittould be merely diffused throoKh a, Utt-c wiuet 
Inio a Ihlii pMtc, tpread upon the iiuin, nnd allowed to dry. The 
«[)iii TcqulfTS now to be merely brunbed. 3. Ox-^11 and yollc of ctE^i 
}\a\T (he imipcrly of diasolvinK faity bodicK nitboul aflEciJng pcr- 
cepiilily ihc ivKiureor tolonuf cloth, and romr Iherrfore be employed 
with ndvaniose. The ux.f^ll ihouldbe i>urllied, lopcci-ciii ii* K'rvn- 
loh (Ini Itom def[[iutln)c the brlllUincy <>l dyed siuflii. or ihr (lurlly of 
ivhitc». J. The volnilV iitl of lurpciiline will only lake t>ul terrnl 
ituins, for IT hi rh |>urT»)He it oiiithl to lie ptrvii'iitily punli.eil by diii- 
lillalion over quick liinr. Wax. tcsin, lurpcnline, pilch, and sit 
ccilnous bodie* in general, form slaini of ([feaicr orle»s ndhenloii, 
which may be dikviWrd oiil by pure otcohol. 

^paiBCus— to cook.— Sl' tape the malk* (ill (hey nre t\r»a; Ihruw 
them into n pun of cold wdiler. (ie Ihem up in bunilles of abi>iii u 
i|Uirtei of u hundrrd ench; cut off Ihe stidks at the li'iKum all of a 
lenf[th. luvifi|[ enough lo letvc ns a handle fot the green pan: pui 
them inio a ti(-w-pan ol tii>i1ii)g wjiicr. miih a hAnillul •>! tiaii In it. 
Lol l( b>>i1. and dklin li. Whcci they aie tenilet Ht llie M»!k. which 
will be in friini Iwer.ly (o thirty miiiiitet. Iliey are done cnuugh. 
Wntchiher^nct timeoflhcir becnmiiig ii:ndei:l*kethein upihni in- 
Uant- Whiletbe usparsKUs is buiiling.toasladiccof bread uboul half nn 
inch thkk: hiownudclicnicly on buthniilo: dipll liichily in the liquor 
the nsparacut wiw boiled In, and lay It in ihc mi'Mle o( a liihh; melt 
lome butler, bul do n»i put it over them. Servo with bulirr. 

Aspiinkgvs— M » UwD-plaot.— A friend suguriis a very guind idea 
Oa to WMnigU*: "Of coune the old pl:in ol slicking the plnn( in 
close boo* I* sll wrong. There ate many bin of fine luil in gaoknt, 
even Ibe •o-c:aI1(iiI pleuvurc jctouad*. and hurdy pUni Imriter*, uhrie 
a strong clump of ibe cuminnn a^pAmipis wnultl be » g'eAl "tciAinnii 

: well as of tue. t shall plant a hundred »r mure i^ud clumps ol 
sp«r«£u> in our bordct* here, partly (or its lender shoots in ipring. 
partly lor !lx tpiay for cutting during the suminer ami aulumn 
month*, but mainly for its feathery srace m a beautiful, hanly plant 
In nuiny a villa ganlcn. e^-cn where good upurainiH may never be 
seen tnised in the (binary way, a capital supply ciiuld be obtained 
by simply dotting a few plants here and there in borden, and on the 
marijio of shrubberiei. not only at Mngle specimens, hul as group* 
bikI niiuiMTi — never, howerer, nearer to eaeh olhci (hnn (our feel." 

Asthma— siaiple ronedy (of .— Tak« • Mrong kulnraled siilutlon oi 
nitrate of |<oiaaiui: dip tinder into it. And then allow it t'>dry, I*rocuro 
a widc-mmiih phial, ibccotk of which haa aa aperture in the center, so 
A to admit any hollow lube whatever — a pipe elojed at the end tor | 
ciaiiiple. Light the jijecc uf tinder and place It In ihi^ phial. Then 
cause the p«liciit to inhale the RaMs that are dl^engHgcd. either through 
tnuulti or noatfils. At the cndol a few rcspiraliunshe will fiml relief 
which will augment. In regard to an, eiplanaiioo of tliis mode of 
trcalnicni. It U iuppo«cd that a small portion of oxygen, disengaged 
by ibo coinbattioti of the nhratc o( pouua, la inhaled by the pailcni. 



iff/Ar EfEfty 0!^E SHOULD KNOW. 



1) 



ll i-i hnuirii that jti usUimalic pulIcnK the MciKnlnoiu) rlrnilAlInn is 
iacooipldc in (he tungK. oikI the tiloud it inipcTfeclIy rcKcnerAtcil. tbiil 
It Ix blodi, and don ixii txiin iit cuccii' of carbon. By the oxyi{cn 
abcnrbrtt. ihcrefnrc. ruiiihuMion may lie f^Kiliutcd. 

AMhtna — rf lief rar. — The fuIlcKrini* simple conlHviuitc will (re- 
■tiicntl^- tic louiiii to give relief to those who sufftr ffom difficulty In 
lircatliiog. oriKing from asthma aod alia from other caiincs: Keep a 
kettle of irttter bailing upon the Are, of over m tplrit-Urap. anil ajflxlri 
the *pou( (if l( a (in inhr, nf luch leni(ih iinil loim ift tihiill ncrvo iti 
lliro*r •)!! I he Me«in in Irmil "f the p:ilirnl, Tlii? will itcalc k nli>i»t. 
trjirm almofiphcrc. iinil prevent tbjit dUtmsing sentalion nhtch is 
always uccasioned to Mthroatic paiicoi* by breathing the dty <old «lr 
of Ifac night. 

AsthmOi Remedies. — l. Elecanipatte, unKellcA, coinfrcy. and 
tpglEeoaril r<i<.i< wtih hiMthfiuiid tops, (if cHCh. <>no ounce; bruiac «nd 
weep in hunev. one pint- Dose, a lablnpoonful taken hot every few 
niniiit^, uniil relief is obtained, then sevenl iitne« daily until a care 
ia eflectcd. 

3. — Oil of titr, unedrani: lioclure (A verBtran) vlrlde. two dtBini; 
limple syrup, two drM»*; mix. Uooe. for Hdulls. lUleen diopii three 
or four times daily. luitide of pulaisium hiis cured abadcMC of 
ulhma, by lakiog five crain ilosei three limes daily. Take onc- 
en^lh ounce aad pUi itin a phial, and add thirty-two teaspoons of 
irater; Ibc:i<inc icnipoon of ii vlll ennULin the five giraiot which put 
Imoone-hnK rill in-.ic w;iier. .itid drink before menU. 

AsphAlt (lor walks, etc.)— Ma terUlg,— Coal-tar, tOBd>Mnd, or 
coot-ashes. Level the place iniencletl lu be covered withaaphalt. xivcit 
a thin co.ii of ur. aoil sill tivcr ihU some dry rond.iand or coal-ashea. 
Let II hniden. ami reju-itl :Iie oiicdilinn fuur i.r rive limcs. 

Aibct from Soil—by spoDtaoeous combustion.— Make your 
mound tn-<'iily'iinc ftei \w\i, by icn and unc-hal( feel wide. To fire. 
OK K-vcniy-tno liusheii of lime. Fiist > layer of dry sod* or parings 
on whicbaquanUiy of lime is spread, mixing sod uiih it: then aci>v*i. 
ing o[ eight inches of sndb. on uhich the other half of the lime is 
spread, aoil tcjvcred n f<i<-i lliick. (he lielfihl u( the tnound being about 
■ yarcl. In iwcnty-fnur Iviuts it wilt lake fite. The lime should be 
fresh Ironi the kiln. It >!> better tosufleril tuif,'nil<^ itself thHitIo effect 
it by the operation of water. When the fire is fairly kindled, fresh 
1(hU iniui be applied: but km b good bndy of a«hci in the first place. 
I think ii may be fairly aup|>(i«ed tlul the lime add* fully its worlh 
to ih« quAlily of the ashes, and. when limettone ean be icoi, 1 would 
^vlac Ihc buminji a small q^untity in the mounds, which wiiuld be 
a irvt improvement lo the ashes, and would help lo keep the fiic iit. 
Attw of Rosci— to B)ake.~!''iU u Urge earthen jar, or other ves- 
sel. With the leaves ol ri>tc-t)u« ttt piekcil over and (reed from all 
dust nnil din. Pour upon (hern h^ much pure ftpriaK water as will 
cover Ibesi, and from sunrise lu sunsri, tot »iic or seven day* in ya<- 
MMion, set the vch«1 where It will receive the sun'a r«y». At the cad 




M 



WUAT EVE/tY 0\-B SHOULD KNOW. 



uf thu ctiiril or fourlb ilij' a number uf partictei u( a fine y«llaw oily 
nullrr will flo<M on ibe surface, tchich. after a dap ur two. vill K^thcc 
Inlo a pcoin. Thii is Ibc aiiar of rosn. [t nium be uken up n* ofieci 
•■ it nppeani, wiih a piece of coiton tied lo h Mick, jiid squccMrl Irum 
Ihii Into * »matl phial. wlii<h niit>i hi: kepi cnrked untl ti«'d over. 

Autwna Lmtw— to preserve aod use.— Autumn Irare* arc used 
tn vorioiM intlhotb, the most popular being, perhaps, lo dry them 
fluty and isrefully, and take great care to ptoetve thelf ttatlt*. When 
thorouicMy dry they are vamliihed, which ie>v<« ihrin a pr«1ty slust, 
»nd abo ACIt aa a prt-icrvHlivc (u them from All inwcii mid inuihi. 
After this Ihey are eaielull)' Inid uside for the decoration of ihc wioicr 
dinner table, and may b« moii saJcly prcierved in a tin box wiili a 
well fitting cover. Gntuc* added to incm ore very cHeciive. and 
when ilry ihey mjy be dyed. They may t>c hUh fco»ieJ when 'Iry, j 
by dipping eai li M^lk into a solution of a)um niul leiivintt ihcni to dry I 
UprighL With the graiocs and leaves niiiy lie used ihe dried everlast-J 
Ing Howers and the prepared mois. but nu liiile la^e li needed InJ 
their arrartgcmcnl lo avoid the lea»t heavineM of eflecl. I hare foundj 
ibal kIm* vaM* and *iandii arc the moM effective (nr llicir airaag 
ment, aa thciran»pii'an(y of ihe»c increase the wiithed-fur lighlaeatij 
and gntee. 

Awninp — to make waterproof.— Plunge first tnto a solution con- 
uininK iwrnty percent. t>oap. and aftenrard In another tolutioa the 
iame nerccnuge of roppe/. Wash aftefwanla. 

Axie GrMBc — to make. — 1'nke one part iioud plunitxtKn (black ' 
lead) sificd ihrou^h ii loxrse muslin mi hh Ii> lie pcdetily tree from 
grit, and stir it into five iguarts of lard, wanned »fi us to be stirred 
ea»ity without melting. Stir vigorously tintil ii ii smooth and unl 
Xona. Then raiac Ibe heat uniil the mixture mclis. Slit constantly, 
niinovc from the fire, and kccii Kirrlng unill cold. Apply cold (o lh« 
kjtie or any other bciirini; niili a Iiiu».h. II ioicnded lor um where 
the ajile or bearing is in a wurm upanmcnt. aa the interior of mill*, 
etc., two ounces o7 hard lailow or one ounce of beeswax may be used 
to every ten pounds ot the mixture. This grcaic ii cheaper in use 
than oil. ullo« or tar, or any compound of ihcm. 

8«Me^-how to put to Nac^ — A baby is the mo*C nerrous of be- 
ings, and the tortures it suffers in goiuA tosleep and being awakened 
by carele» uiundt nhcn " dropping on," are only comparable lo ihe 
same experie'ncc »f an oliler peimin daring the acute ncrvout bead- 
ache. Voung babies nucbl lu pMo the fir^t months of tlicir liveit in 
the couniry, for lis ^lill^e>a no less Ihan its freih air. But where 
•ilence is not to be commanded, baby niuy be soothed by folding o, ^ 
•ofl napkin, wet in wirmiih wjier, lightly over the top of {tn head, 
its eyes and can. It is Ihc tic*i way to put nervous babies f > sleep. 
It has been tried hundreds of lirace (or a (hild so Irritable that pAT^ 
goric and Mfolhing synip tioly made ii wide awake. A litie towel 
wonU be wet and laid over its head, the ends twisted a IiiiIe till it 
nude a son of a ikuil-cap, and, though baby sometimes fought against 




H'l/A T SVERV O.V£ SllOVLD KNOW. 



U 



^P being blindfolded in ihis way. Rvc minuie* uiiully tvni liim Off iato 
^ deep and bli»*ful slumber. The cwnpcwu coolcil Ihe liltle feverist 
Imln. dcnilmcd itiund In hi* cjirs. anil shui oui erciyihin^ iha' took 
his allriiliini. *a th^r ttcep c.uixlil hiin unaxore*, Tcclhtng Oiblca 
find lhr» rrry (<fm(.iilal)ir, l<" ihrir heart* are alway* bnl, a .J Uw."i 
is a fevered bcalinu in Ihf julcrk'! futh *ide. 

Baby Basket— to make,— Procure a Urge rnunii basket and a 

miall idin(>-ii<i('). Mc.uurelhc siic round the lop ol ihc basket; kci 

DUMtiU of materia], mcanure ihedcplh of ha«hel anil allow ihe 

> lOMll over llie nlsr. Hind the icallopii; la^ilcn il li> ihe 

'edBe of the buket, dniw it ilown lij-hily lu the botdim in plaiis. Cut 

« lODnd rdece of maierial the shajie of ihe boiti.'in "f basket, (aslen it 

round iheedee.and finish with a. boi-ptnitini{ uf ribhans. Makeihe 

nubions and jiixkct<i to please ihe fancy. A box-plalling round the 

Imp of ba&kci. also round ihc trc;illopt. Reiwren each »CHlti>|i jiul a 

bow or curd, and lasveli of vronled; last en III ik im llie camji-stool, 

around which put a ruffle of ihe »aine -naierial the basket is lined 

Wllh, 

Bab J Food. — Put onetcacupful of oaimcal in two quart* of biiiltuK 
nralcr. sliRiilly s&Iled, Let it rouk two houi> and a half, [hen slrain. 
When cool, to one gill of gruet odd one gill of ihin crearn and one 
teaxpoonfiil of tiunar. To Ihis then odd one pint of bolIinK wnier, 
*nd it ia ready tor um. Tbit can he dl|[e»ted vhen milk and hII e(>e 
(ail. 

Bacon — how to select. — Bacon vhould have a tbio ilnd, nod ihe 
fal (hnuld be firm nnil iingcd red by the curing. The Anh should tw 
»f n rtear icil. wiihiiul intrtmixlari of yellow, and it should nmity 
nillierc !■> the booe. "X'i judec Ibe M^le of a h.iTU, plunur .1 knife tiiic 
it III (be bone; on drawing il back, if particles of meal aJhtre to ii. or 
if the smell is disagreeable, the curing lu« not been effectual. anA the 
ham Is not good. Il should, in such a stale, be immediately cooked. 
In buying ■ ham, a short, thick one. Is to be prrfecred to Ihc lonjc and 
thin. 

Bad Breath— remedy for. — Take einbt drops uf muriatic acid lu 
hall a tumbler of sprinaiiater. and add a little lemun-pcel or juice i» 
suit the palate. Let this mixture be taken three limes a day for some 
tin>c, and, it Inuiid benrfirial, tlicn use it iiccasmnally. 

Bftd Brvatb— to rclicTe. — Had breath, ftoin c^tnirli, foul tlomach. 
or bad teeth, rnay be temporarily ttlicved by diluting a tittle bromo- 
chkiralum with cighi or ten parii of waier. and using il as a gargle, 
and swnllowinjt n few drops Jtist before going out. 

Bag for Kmtting Work.— In ihcM days of knitting and crochet- 
ln)t. 11 uiiall (locket or baK is convenient to Iiold Ihe balls of wool, silk 
Of cotton, and the needles or crochet hooks. This knitling-woik 
pocket is worn attiu:hed to ihe belt, and is mode of ecru linen, and 
lined with red satin, or any other material that one nu>y f.incy. Cut 
from each of these inalcriaU live picret ol the following dimensions; 
inches wide at ihc top. not allowing for scams, one-batf inch 



t« 



WHAT BVEkY O2VE SItOVLD KXOW. 



wide at \\\t buKuni. mid niv inches long. These (iic<«s utv cut m> U 
Id bulge out at the sidn, iind are each foiii inches in widih ni tha 
wideit (uti. Embroider the linen in any ilciiKn thai )-tiu may (Aney, 
hui it secmt desirable thni thi* thouM tit- in imlllne (lllch. and done 
HiitI) rrd *ilk. Join ilie llni'o plet'es %» ihut ilie «eamh ure on llw right , 
tide; niiicli tlicm m> ilial Ihcy nill lie iIhi. amJ civcr them with red 
(ilk braid. croM-stiiclied with some CKiitrasiiiij; tone iir color. Join 
ihc lining and place inside this, and bind the top with the same hr»iil 
■nd (aitlcn dnwn !n Ilic same manner. Work a red silk ry<-lcl-hi>le in 
unr ii( the lidc pieces 10 aJlow (he end of ihc wool you Arc working 
■ ilh iKComtr thruu|[h. Close Ihe biillotn of Ihc bag with a hunch of 
loups u( red suiin rH]t>on, and sew an end of Ihc same ribbon, in which 
is sewed quite n large shield pin to fasten it 10 Ihc dtvss belt. 

Baking Powder— tomAkc—Takcsixouoces of carbflnaieofsids. 
(our Ounce* of tartaric acid, two ounce* i>( sugarfvery finely sifted), 
nnc Duncc of salt. Ail inuHl tie mixed t-cry completely loKcther, and, 
■tier ibc flour has been made inti> d'lutjh (with water (or hmtd, at 
roilk (or rolls), odd one le4iipoon(ul of^ the powder to ci'cry pound 
of |]i>ur, nnd mix thoroughly. II ihc powder it to tic kept. It must 
bcjiiii mill open-Bioutbeil diy holllet, eorltedand kept io a dry place. 

BAld Heai) — remedj for. — A must valuable remedy for promoting 
the K<unih of the hair, ii an application once or twice u day. o( wIlS 
indigo and alcohol, Take four ounces wild Indigo, and ilcep it about 
a week or ten days In a pint o\ akiihol and a pint o( hot uiiirr. when it 
will be re*dy (or use. The head miut be thorouichty washed with the 
liquid, morning and ei-cninK. application bcinic made wiih a sponge or 
•Mt liTUsh. Another cieellent preparation U composed of three ouiiies 
o( castor oil. with juit enough alcohol to cut the oil, to which add 
iwcniy drops llnclurc of cantharide*. and [icrfuinc Io sun. This not 
onljr BotlcnH and imparts a (floss to the hair. Iiul al«o iiuit-ntates -and 
slrent-llieni (he routs of the hair. 

Bum ofGilcML — Opodeldoc, spirits tA wine, sat ammoniac, ei^ual 
partk of each. Shake. Roitle and label. Cures neuralgia, pains, 
ache*, cic. Ap^ly as a lotion. 

BalaaJU ^Inaiaal.— Clear, pale resin, three pounds and mell il, 
•dding sptnls of lurpeniine. one quart; h.iiiain of lolu. one ounce; 
balsam of fir, four ounces; oil o! hemlock, oritinnuin, with Venice 
lurpcntine, o( each, one ounce; strained honey, four ouncea; mix 
well, and bottle. Diim. six to twelve drops; for a child o( six, 
three to five drops, on a little sugar. The dose can he varied accoril- 
Ing In the ability of the siomach to tiear II and the neccwitr of the 
case. It I* a saluabte preparation (or roujths. internal pains, or 
Hriiliu, and works bmijinly upon the kidneys. 

ButdAjm.— Bandages can l>e mode by tearing a sheet into narrow 
•trips, rolling each one lighlly and (iiiening Ihe end with a pin. Old 
Uiten does not mean w.m oui shirt-lfonis, but sod pieces of labLc- 
cioihs njpkini or cambric hnndkerchirls. 

Burners— to point.— Stretch the fabtie u|mo a [rente, and finish 






ICffA T h: VER y OXE SnO Vt. O A'XO »'. 



17 



* 



i 

I 



your JetiKn omI kmrint(. Uic a liic mnde ot bleiu-hcd »h«>lar dl«- 
Kolvcd in alcohol, itiiniici] id ihe proper consiilrnce, go over fluth 
p«tt> as ore to be Kii<I«l tir paJniCLt, overnmning the outliaen BMehlly. 
■o |H«vcnl the <olor from ipmulinj;. Foi ici»ldc wnrk the white of 
nn rgv makes a gtiod sUc; tny ihe K'-''*' while Iho tiiie U *litl vcl; 
when dry, duM oR the suiplui gold, and proceed wiih the KhiulinK. 
pMnlin)c. etc, A Utile honey, comblnod with thick glue, U another 
good lite. 

Bkrotneter — to m&ke. — Take a lon^, narrow lioltlv. and put Into 
it »■" wd cinc.h»H diami of c«mphori spiriu of wine rlevrn 
dranih. WIiemi the otraphor U dbnolved. add to it Ihe lolluwInK 
mixliirc: \V;iier. nine drHm*: naltpeler, thitty-elght gralni; mJ- 
amtnoniiic, ihicly-duhi KrainK, Dissolve lhe*c saltt in the water 
prior to mixing nith the camphorated spirit; then 8hake all well to- 
KClbcr. cork the botile n-rll. na.i the top. but iiflerwards make a very 
Hmall ijicriuie in the cork wiih a red-hot needle. By observing the 
dilferenl AppeArancea which the niAleriaU suume aa the weather 
chanjtF*. it becomes an excellent pronnoaliealor ol acoiQlngsiorm or 
a sunny tky. 

Batomelcrn— hand; and cheap. — t. One that nnsweni the purpoic 
of ifiillcniin^ the appioacliof («irot foul weather, con be madeai f<il- 
lows: Take an ciKhi-ouncc bottle, the g'o'^ lieing clear and white, 
and put into it »ix imncn of the hiKhcsl cntnred whisky to Ik ob. 
tainiM. and put intn it all Ihe Kum-camphur it will dluolvc. and • 
link mote. Srt in lome convenient place. On the approach of rain 
or bail u'caiber the camphor will settle lonard ihe boitom of the bot- 
tle; the lieavlcf the inln, or the mote sultry the weather, the clowr 
the ciimphiii will t-riile lo the boitom. Fnlr wenthct U Indicated by 
the feuther-likr iippcunincc of Ihe campliur which ii)ic> iind lloats in 
the liquid. If ukohul is used, it must tic diluted ho lluil it will not be 
uronger than the whisky, (or if it is, so much of the camphor wilt be 
held m noluilon that the aimoiphcrc will have no perceptible eflecl 
UIMD il. 

3. Take an piKhl-ouncc phial, and put in it Ihree fcilla of water, 
and place in it a healthy Icccli, chsiigini; the water in summer 
oocc a week, and in winter once in a (orini(;hl. and il will moal ac~ 
niraiely priiffnuiiicjie (be wcniher. U ihc iTciither It to be fine, the 
leech lien moiiorilcMi Ht ihelx'lloni of ihe K\ii»gAa^ roiled Ioj;e(hcr in 
a spiral form ; il nin miiy l>r expected, it will creep up to the lop of 
tU lodginEs and remain [here till itie weather is settled; if we are la 
hare wind, it Wfll move through ils habilali'in with atnaiing tiwift* 
nes9>. and seliti-in kocs to mi till it twit'i"^ l" blow hard; if a remark* 
alik Ktorm ni ihuM.lei i>ml Niin is to vuccced. it will lodKc for some 
days beton: iilmnM ioniiiiu»lly out of the waicr. and discover great 
Hncasiness in violent throes and convulsive- 1 ike motions; in (roti. us 
in clear, summer-like weather, it lies coniiamly ni the lioitom; and 
In anow. ax In rainy weather, it pilches Ita dwelling in the very mouth 
9t ibe [ihial. The tu{) thould b« covered over with a piece idmuUa 




18 



trifAT EVEKV O.VE S//0VIO A-JVOIf. 



f 



Bftiket for Flowers. — Very bcaullful bailceli lor linldinf 
cud be mudc uf ihc Innger nnd more fcaihcry LimI of inofisn. A' 
liiclil (taiilc. <>1 nny Ehape yuu like. tliouM be mndc with wire aod 
Covcrrd with cimini'in |)W(rbc>Hitl (ir CHlicu. iinil (he mou. vhtcb 
shiiulil fii»t lie "ell pitkul «vpr nnd tlcnnstd from any Wl» of din orj 
t\rai[ leaves whkh ma)' be haiiK>nR about j[, gathered Inio little tuha.I 
anil i-cncd uilh a roniie needle and Ihrcail !» the rnvriliiK. u> A« ti> 
< I'lilie it thkkly iviili a clui-e Hnd nimpnct criiii>n|r. InkiiiK c^ie t'lat 
ilic iiiitiiii of ihc niuM Hrc nil oiitwaid. A l"nK h.tnilic, coiwructcd 
in Ihe aain« mannec, should be oilached tu the b»ke[. «nd a tin of 
other vcuel filled uiih cither wcl tand or wairr. placed ir I thin in hold 
the flowers. By dipping the whole »irui;itue into »mer once in Ihrev 
•t (our daj^ its verdure nnil elasiidty will he fully )irc8Cfved. 

B*lh-B&K.— M.-ikc a. Hinall M]U»ro b*K <>( Itanncl. leaving one end 
[Kirily open. In ihii put all the reniDuntii of soaji as the piece* bc- 
<<'iiie loo sm^ll to handle easily. When Ihc bag ii ftllcd. battc up 
Ibi- (ipcnintj. ami ll makes a gociil bath-tub arrangement. 

Bathing; Rules.—Avoiil luihniK within tun hiiuranllcr u nttai. 

Avoid buthlnK "hen t'xhnuslcd by fuIiKUi? vr frum iiny other <miw. 

Avoid bathing vihvn the body is couling; a/icr penpiiation. 

Avoid bathing allogcihci la Uie open nir. if after having been «j 
■hurt [line in the wntcr, it cau>e> a sense uf chill Intti]! and nuinbnel 
cl Ihc liknds Hn<l fvct. 

tiuihc when till' bully in wiutn, jnuvided no lime is lo»l in getting 
into the water. 

Avoid cliilUnK the body hy sllilnic or sundlng undfe>8ed on tha 
bankk or in LoatH alter having been In the water. 

Avoid remnininic I>h) long in Ihc W4>lcr; leave the water itnmedi* 
ulely Iherc i: the slighleal feeling uf diillness. 

The vignious and slrvng may liaihv catly in the morning on an 
vniply stomach. 

1*hc j'oung. mid those who aic weak, lud belter bathe two or three 
hour» niter u cncal: the bcM Lima for »uch i> fram t*«to three hours 
after breakfast. 

Ttose who are subjecl lo *IIac1i« of giddiness or iBininri^. and 
those who sullcr (rum palpitation nnd other scniH.- <•( •lioconiforl at 
the heart, should ni>t hullie without llr*t conaultinit their mcilital ad- 
vIm'I. 

Buf Rum— to make. — Saiuraie unc^uarlcr pound u( cartionaie 
■ if maiinesia with oil of bay; pulverilc the magnesia, place it in a 
Mier, and pour water through it until the (IrsiinJ quantity it «b- 
t;iined. (hen tuM akidiol. The ciuantily <•( wiilcr and idrobiil cin- 
pluyed depends on the dcsirrd mrcngth and uuaniiiy of (he bay rum. 
Another: — Oil of bay, Itn Ouid drams; oil of pimento, one fluid. 
dniBi: acetic clhet, two fluid dnunx; alcohol, three gallons; wa- 
ter, two and a hal( gallons. Mix, and adec two wrclu* rtposc. Alter. 

Bay Rum.— To one pint at alcohol add one pint of water, ooo tea- 
spoonful of (lowtlcred Ik>i«x, sad oao^lwU dnun oil vt bay. 




WHAT Ri'P.kY OXE siiOi;rj> k.\-OW. 



>» 



Vfol 



3eail> — to bake. — Prepurc Ihc bcuns by bo^iiik over night and 
boilins Bi QTuaJ. I as« » quart pot (or my pint of beam, ai ihc milk 
boiU over so coiiU. Put in the bcooi. ull. and a ubieiponnful of 
ffiolnuci. cover ncll irlth milk, anil relill ua it rooks away. Cite nine 
or let) hnitiii' bakiriK in ti slow iivrn, and yoii ivHI have be*iui dc- 
licioui iiuJ tir;ill!ifij1 ro>plc wilh weak jj|[eslive iKuixm tan eat 
btuns {nr.ikcd in Itiii wny withmil kiini. 

Beds— should be aired. — It must be a faUc idea of (ieatnc»», which 
(tcmandf that beds should be made soon aflcr l>ring vncaled. I.cl il 
be ictncmberrd that mote ihnn thrcC'ridhs of Ihe i,ei\i&% nnd ti<|uiils 
n iiiiu Ihe MiimiMh. chnuiil pnM i>n ThroiiKh the i>i<m of Ihe skin 
ven milli'?i:s in number— and Ihai this i-staiii? is must rapid during 
ihenighl. while warm in bt'd. Ai least one-nalf of the ivasic and 
putrid mAiiet— from iwetily lo thirty ounces in ihe ntghi — it must be- 
come mciti: or less uncled in the bedding, »( course vii]Uii){, nu<l o 
|ian ul Ihig may bccouie (eHb*'>rbcd by the iWn, i( il i» jillimcd v^ 
come in cunluct with it on llir nexl nit;hl.. as il intisl. if the bt^dcling is 
not exposed for a few buura in the light. We may well imitnic the 
Dutch cuimpic of placing such bedding on two chain, nc.ir the win- 
dow In Ihe tunlighi. or in Ihe window, iIiai the lighi ni the nun — ihe 
best purifier known — may dinaipuli; iheir imputitits. r>r neultaliie 
them. At least three hours, on the average, is as iJiort eiposute a* 
is conifinlible with iicniness. 

Bed-Bug; — ^remedy. — Ithie olntnirnt and kero»enr, mixnl in c'(UhI 
prvpuniuns. iiitd .-iiiiilicd lo tlie bmlitleHds. is an un(»iliii); bed-bug 
remedy: and a tout of wbitewasli is diiio fur wooden walls. 

Beds — to he«t.— To heal a bed ai a moment's notice, throw a lllile 
S4!t into the uarming-pan and sullei il lo bum (or a minute previous 
!<■ use. 

Bed— to ascertain when it is aired. — InUoduie a Klass kuL-IuI be- 
tween ihc sheets fiT a minute or tmi. jusi when the warming-pan is 
taken oul: if the bed lie dry, there will only be a slight cloudy appear- 
ance on Ihc eIass, bul l( nul, the damp on Ihc bed mil assume the 
moie foimid^iblr appe-atuiice of diops, xiw. warnitiK of ilMnKei. 

Bed-Sores^to piev*iit,^*l"lie paiiem bcinjt iitieu "bliged to lie in 
one posilion. bed-sores occur — b^ing due lo lonig continued pressure 
on pons whose general viialitj- is weakened. They uiuaily form ni 
the lower end of the lioickbonc- Much may be done to prevent Ihi-ni 
by keeping the under (■heci pcrferlly hm^iolh. clean, ami diy. l*ieh- 
siue OD any one point niHV be avuideil by chaniting the |ii>si1tun frc- 
<)Ueni]y. The pans of the body testing mosi heavily on ihc bed, 
when Ihc skin Is not broken, should be sponged three or four times 
daily wilh alcohol or whisky and walet. Air cushions, so made a 

remove alt iircMiure from Ihe lower end of Ihc backbone, lue use- 

Beef — lo com. — Put six gallons of pure water in a large wash ket- 
tle, and add Ihcrelo six ounce* of saltpeter, and set down lo boilintt . 
"'hen Ihe aatl|>cicr 1» fulif dtosolved and the naier boiling, immert* 



■« WHAT F.l'F.ltV ONE XHOVLD KNOW. 

tour \xtl. previously, .-ot inio conrcnipcit piece* (or family iwe, In 
th« bmliD); sult|ieii;T waicr. It can be held to In ihe wntcr on a, larjie 
(Ush fork, Of Ions hook, l.cl !t renuln imiiK-rtnl while you count 
len, iilnnly. Take out, let il KtI qmlc Cdlil. Unil llirri jiHck dottcly 
Andfimily in ihcciwk or batral. To your boiling naltpctcrnatcr now 
add »ix pounds of fine toll, three pounds of pure, dry vuga), one 
<|uart of bnl molanBO, sod one of pcarladi. Doil ilowly, And as the 
itnpuiitic* arise, skim off. If your aaict tihoukl have been lunn boil* 
ing. while immcnilnK ihc beef^ ndd hHH ii KJ>"on more to supply Iom 
by cvHpoiniion, When this pickle vs perfectly cold, puur over tbe 
t>ecf and huld down by heavyweight. The scalding uf itac beef in 
the Bultpeirr wuicr ciuses the porci, picTcnls the juice of the meat 
(oinit out into the pickle, and InsUAcI of the Kltong, lough, juiccleits 
and sally slujl usuolU' sold oi corned liect, you have a juicy, dim- 
pact. icQder piece of^ beef. Um above qtianllty (or one hundred 
poundR of beef. 

Beef (good) — to cboow. — The K<^n of ox beef, when Kiiod, in 
Uhbc, the meal ird. and the fat inclining to yellow. Cow beef, un 
(he contrary, has a cioser grain, a while t (at. but meat scarcely as red 
»» tliiit of nx beef. Inferiiir liccf, Hhich ii meal obtained from Ill-led 
animals, oi from ihoM whi' h hail Licionte too old for loud, may lie 
known by a hard, skinny (ai. a duck red Icun, und, in old .inimHl>>. h 
line o( homy texture running through ihe meat of the rib*. \Vher 
meat preiacd by the finger rise* up quickly, it may be considered as 
that of an animal which na> in Its prime; when the dent mode by 
pnwure return* »lowly, or remains viKible, the animal hod probably 
puaed itk [irime, and Ihe meat oinaequently mudl be of Inferior <|ual- 

Be«f— spiced. — Doil a chine of ten or twelve pounds until the 
Rie.ll follik Itom the bone, pick the racnl to pieces, mnsh the gristle 
fine, Tejecling all parts ioi> hard to mash. Cool the liquor and i-tke 
off alt the fat. boil il down to one and one-half pints, (hen iclurn the 
meat, and nhile hut udd uilt and pepiH'r to laMe. and if relished, a 
little nutmeg, sage anil one-holi tcu.-ipounful of cloves, and same of 
CHMia. I.el il lioil up once and put il in a mould, pan, or deep dish 
to cool. Slii^i' »>■ wiinlci]. 

Beef— to cure quickly. — T'j cure (resJi boeJ, hams, cit Hhoulilers, 
in a shurl lime, put one or two pounds of uood wilt in a kettle or 
Kpiider, and heat it over the stove until all the mobturc is expelled 
and the tuU ia lo bat that It will bisK when a drop of irater is dropped 
■n. It wilt XtitK abotil two pound! lA Mit to one hundred pound* of 
meat, Jual before reoioving fr«in the fire, where it must be con- 
ilantly ■llrrcd, odd one ounce of putvetiied saltpeter to each pound 
(i( tail, or in that proportion. Have the meal ready; if haras, lay 
them on the skin-side, and over all parts where the Hedi k exposed 
rub thickly with brown augni; then with a large lr<>n spoon apiily the 
hot salt, which will penetrate the meat and mkc ihc sugar wiih il. 
Cover welt with lhi» salt, and lay in a bus on a idictf in the same 



XrifAT UrsRV 0.\'£ SHOULD KWOtT. 



9t 



petition fuT tin) dayt. when llic hninii c»n be smnkcd il (iMtrcl. nmt 
tbey will have all ihf flavor i>f suKsr-<:urcil hikms. Treat beef in th« 
Mmc Kity, one f-iAn WA ■ lime, and after two ol three dm hang up to 
dry. I hjtvr prcpnred the Aacsl dried beef t ever saw In thii way. 

Beef — to keep. — Tn keep fresh beef, rnuiion or li»h. In witin 
weatlxr wiihotit »all. <ll«solv? bnrnx In w«tcf ftl the wtc of one-ctUAi- 
ler of n pound ofliornK t" i>iiric»ll<>n of miErr. Coot the meal, and 
then cover irtth ihii liquid in a clean jar or barrel. It can be kept 
(or week* In this wnj-. Salt can be added to scaioo, if de*[red. 

Bccf—tO boil. — The round h the best bailing piece. Put ihv 
meal in the pot. wilh ifnlcr enougth to cover il; lei i( boll vcty slow 
tkl first. This il ihe K'eul scrrcl iif making il tender. Tuke nfl Ihe 
{■cum as it rises. Frum Iwo lo three bourn, according to siie, is the 
time (<ir boiling. 

BmJ-— to roast. — Tbc nimi piece* (or ronaling are the airloln luiA 
rib t'iccr^; tbr " middle or ucond cut rlbn" are considered the bc»t. 
but ihe "first cut ribt'are the sni)tllcBi and most suitable for a tmall 
familv. Ask your butcher lo remove the bone, roll Ihe meat into a 
ouml ).hape, and liciccurely wiih a siout string. Then, before jend- 
(□K it t<> Ihi: litble. you can remove the iirlng and Innctt one or tvo 
steel hkfwets, Brti.re plaHnK the meal lo loast drcditc all over with 
flour. Mraionml with tmli: then place il upon a gratinf; in your drip- 

EIng-pan and put it in a %'ery hut oven; biuie freiiuently: it the meat 
very (M ynu will occil no water in your pan; it not, you had bet- 
ter pour II kniall cup o( boiling water inio ibc pan after il boa been In 
the "Vcn fiiicen minutes. A piece wriKhintt right oc nine pounds 
will c')-ik In an hour. Ihnl is. if you like y^iur meal rare. Remove 
Ihe meal when done to a hriitcd cliih, nkim Ihe drippings, add a little 
boiling water i.i lilllc browned Hnur if you wi»h>, and boil up once ; 
Ihcn tilriii'i il and send la table In a gravyboat, 

Besf—balla. — Any piece of r«ld l)eef or other meat may be chop- 
ped line, miktd wilti ccild potato also chopped, bread-crumbs, and 
choppcil hard-boiled eggs. Season well iHth tali and pepper, make 
inio fiat balls, and (ry as you would codftsh balls. They arc excel- 
leiil. 

B««[-~frlsilfd.-~Chip the lie«( a* Ihiii as paper with a verv dharp 
knife, Meli in a frying-pan bulier the Hire of an egg, nil r ihe be«( 
about in it for two or three minutes, dust in a lilllc flour, add half ft 
icacuplul of rich cream, boil and serve in a covered dish. 

Beef Tea ilroien).— For children and Invalids It ha* been fmind lo 
be a HiKtcHkful niclhod 1<> (rreie beef tea. and lo administer it in 
1iiin[is t<> children or patients to suck. They will lake il in (his form 
rather than any other kind uf fitud. 

Bees— bow to manage. — The great secret, or charm, ai many peo- 
ple suppot,e il In lir. Clin all be summed up in one word — "smuke." 
One cin hamllr ihcni ju't ■« well as another, if they have the nerve 
anil deiettntn^'d wilt to it>> v: and this knowledge aad the bee-smokcf 
kre the litst reijuitltes. The bee-smoker is a small bcllnws with a tin 



M W/fA r F.VERV ONE S/IOVLD JCNOW. 

fire-box alUched (or buminj;; ruttcn wood or cotlen raci. or. in tad, 
anyihiflg ihai will bum and make a good smoke. Th«fc ace now n 
half (loicn or more kind* in the murkec Ihit sell (or (rinn leveniy- 
fiw Mnis to two (Idllarx, ta ihal no one who kecpi even n alncle hive 
ot bees need have any emniw lor beinu wiihom (.lic, I will wjr. em- 
phatically, never goto a hiTeuf tiee9toil<»n>~Ehii>K withdirm wiibout 
your smoker I rimmed and burning. The firsl thing before diHurbing 
the hive ill xny way. puff a few whiffo of imoke in at the enlconee; 
this will Kencruly drive in the sc-nUnelR. nnd alio prevnl nny troin 
coming oul. H ihey are Ilxlian*, this will almiivt lllwlly^b^;^■llffi^:erlt; 
but if ihcy are croucr kinds, ilhadbclletbe repeated a (cw limes. Tbis 
Hill friKhicii and excite them, and (hey will at once b!l ihemielvcs 
witb fauney. whiih niakn them very docile, unices Ihey are lUcidcnt- 
ally pinched, Alttr imitiiiK a lew ininuien.ihe lid or cover (nihehii-c 
mar be railed, hui do it i^ti'ily: in (uil. .ilwayH do every thinf; ^niljr 
abo'ut Ihcm, bs all quick motion* cr jbib of the hive teod lo cxaiper- 
ate (hem, h% »eiim as you raise the tid a little, tend In more imoke. 
and enough if necetnary, to drive ibem down and out ■.( Ihe wnyi 
then proceed to put vn or take oD boxes, or iloall the wi>ik nccesiary. 
If they begin to come up or to dispute your right, u«: mure xmokc tn 
convince lliem yim aic mitMer of the ulluatinn. Hut from (he very 
surt }UBt make <ip ynur miod Ihul you fit uiiil ^ill. and lh;it n hall 
the bMtIc- With Italians, after the lirsl lew pufTs of imoke. they can 
often be handled loranbour or luo without any more smoke, but with 
blacks or hyhriitii il mny be ncceitary to repeat the done every few 
Rlinulctt. Smoke durx m>l injure Ihmi .11 .ill. 

Be«-Hive Cwers — -to prevent leaking;. — To prevent liee-hivc cov. 
era from le.iking. lack on Hour sacks and give them two ^ood coau 
of jpAtni, and ihey will stand out doors for years and not Ic.ik a dn>|). 

Bee Stings — cure for. — Take a pmch in the finger of common sail, 

ful on Ihe place sluni; and dissolve with water, rub wilh the linger, 
f nnt relieved in one minute wet the place with af|ua ammonia. 
Care should be taken not to gel the ammonia into the eye. I have 
used this remedy (or several years and It has never (ailed with mc. 
It has always »rrestcd Ihc poison and preveuleJ *ive:i'nK. 

Beeswax — to render. ^To render bwswax, put ihe wax into a 
Ihin triiiilin bag. and udd some pebbles to moke il sink into a Wash- 
boiler containing water. Let il boil, then press out the wax with a 
pair of tquccicTs (1, e, two narrow tioardK fiulcned together al Ihr end 
with n mid). Then ikim and pour inio a bucket partly niled with 
warm w.-ilec. and set away lu cool. 

Beer (Ginger).— t. To a pail half.fillcd with boiling water add one 
pint of moUsaes and two spoonfuls of ginger: when well stirred, fill 
the piail with cold water, leaving room for one pint o( yeatt, which 
must not be put in until the prepaiaiivn beciincs lukewann. Place 
It on a wnnn hearth (or ihe night and buttle in ihe morning. 

3. While sugar, twenty pounds; lemon juice, eighteen ovdccr; 
honey, one pound; bntlsed ginger, seventeen ounces: water, dghteen 



«'//j T F. vex y OJI/-S sno vim kkq w. ^ 

boil ihc alngcr In Ihree KaUonti o( ihe warn fw half an 

aur; tbrn *M Ihr »uk><'. Ihc jiilcr. nndthc iKiiicy. with Ihc rcmaindct 
of Ihi- walcr. and ilnLin llirtiuch « clolh; when cnlil luld the whtic of 
*n <u an<l half an ounce of ihv csBcore ol lemon; after sUindini! fout 
dai«. I">iile. Thlx licTccogc will keep for manf monihs. 

beer (Mop), — Mi>ifoiiriecnp(>nml«offnoI«»Bcsiin4rlcvCTiir*llon»of 
watet well togeiliei. nnd boll (bum for (no hours iriih clerpn ounce* 
tA hops. Wl^n quite <old add a cupful of yeast, and let the mixture 
fcmicDi for ■Ixicen hours in a tub corereil with a tack- Then put it 
In a CAsk an J kcr|i it fllled. RunK It down In two davt, Dnd in Mvea 
dav» ii will \iv fit tfi drink, and will hc«tron(fcr thiin f-ondon porln. 

&«er tRoot). — Mix luKirllKtit tinall amount of swcrl fern. Hnuk- 
parilla, winter-green, sasaafrat. ptinccsipinc, and spiccwood. Roil 
Km wilt) two (It three ouncct of hop* and two or Ihree raw pataioeH. 
_ ired and slireil in Ihfcc or four Kalloni of uaicr. After bo)llni[ five 
Br six buura. Hlrain olT Ihe liquor, and add to It common nioluMies in 
the propcinion of one quart to ihree gallons of Ihe beer. If it is too 
thief:, diluie >i with water. A half poimd of browned bread added lo 
the Uijiti'r. will iTicrruhc iln rlrhncM. 

BeM (White Spruce). — Mix lojiether three pounds of loaf suRar. 
five gallons of wucr. a cui) of good yeaai. adding a small piece of 
lemon-peel, and enough of the esseticc of spruce to give it flavor. 
When frrmrnird. pre*crve In clow bottle*. Motostcs or rumnion 
lironn Hu^ar <an be used, if necessary. in»ilrad ufloaf, and the lemon- 
peel left out. Somriimes, when unable to obtain the essence ol spruce, 
we have boileddown the twigs. This will be found a delightful home 
drink. 

Belladonna Mixture. — To be taken a* a preventive when fevers or 

any iii(<;<:tioiit t-tmplainla are prcvaleni. Extract Bellailunna, live 

jHiQCei: Aqnie Cinnamoml, two ounces. Take fifteen drops of the 

LiwS'Rl'''ln ll tables po on ful of naler every morning for len ortnclve 

«»¥«. Chtldren to h»ve a* many dropt ii» they are years old. 

Belting— wajrs to manage, etc.— I^.\lher IicIIb will tasi double 
Ihe usual lime it tii'ulvd nkh castor oil. will be rat proof, will always 
remain Hexible and will not crack. A bcli (our inches wide will be 
equal i-ione six Inrhcs wide without It. It requires bI>oui twenty* 
four hour* lo iicr>riiiii<: the Icaihcr; U used »i>oncr Ihe Kfcahinrfc, will 
(AHse >t to slip. A Iculhcr bell should have a speed of one Ih'-usand 
three hundrevl feel per minute, and not mure than one thousand eight 
hundred feci or il will noi latl long. I^cather bells, wllh grain slilclu 
pulley will drive thiriy-five per cent, more than the fl«h side, Ijccjubc 
It is less porous, lllu■adnllllinKl(■^s air between Ihe surfaces. Pulleys 
eowereil with leather will evolve full fifiy percent, more power than 
the naked pulley. To lnetea.sc the [T.wer of rubber belting, use red 
lead. French yellow imd lithnrKC. ri|URl partus mix with boiled linseed 
oJI and Japan sufficient to make i I dry ijutck. Thi« will prMute a 
highly polished vurtace. Experiment without lubricanis resulted In 
Aowltig Ihc following co-clBcie;its: Oak upon oak, sitt}--twD; wrought 



»4 



it'/fAl- F-VJiA-Y O.VF. SHOVUi AWOH'. 



iron oa oak. (ony-njnc to sixiy.two; caM tTOO on oak, nlntT'-fli^; 
wtou^l Iron on can. nineteen; ciui imn on cnsi, *txieeii: casl iron 
mUu on llKnui»-viun I)cai.n]t», ci)[l>li:cnL copper on oalf. dixiy-iirn; 
imn un elm, Iwciity-rnr; pciir tcco on CMSt itciTi. forly^four: iron nxlea 
iin ri([n urn- vita: Iwahngs (wiili dill, eleven; in>n nxleii with lirsKt liear- 
jng* <wi(h oil), seven. A bell live inch wide, vclorlty one (linu»unil 
feel per nilnule, on leaiher covered pulleyN, will yiHii Ave borse 
poirrr; doutilv Ihc specil and it will evolve dinibic (he power. 

Bengal L.ig:tit*— 1« tukke. — Take uf niiraie of puiasin (Kalipcicr). 
ei({lu pjri»; iiihlimed sulphur, (uor part*: und nnlimony, one iinri; Irl 
Ihem be well mixed in powder And beat lirmly into n Mout iron cup, 
and »« on tin; il « liitlc cjimphor l« aiUIci] it it iiiil mi>(c brillinnt. 
Such lititii)' ^c mH'Jc titic vl for onnmuniculinK »t n K'ciii distance by 

SV-iL Al iii^hl. 

Bcucine-- uses of.— Bcnirine dlisoWc fni* and niU. rcilni, vniniih- 
e». palm, etc., m readily, that III* largely u>cd for the piirpii»e of clean. 
inK chiihinK und niher (abrlr*. It is within the recollcclion of many 
Ihdt beniine WHS unce rattier cosily, nnd could only bo purchoned In 
Kmjill butiln at n high price. Now iiU cheap; thcrnakenoflccroiiene 
prmlucc to much more; bcniinc than Ihcrc m a demand (or, thai, at 
whulr«*lc al leatil, it bears bui a nominal prlrr Hcoiine, in rNrtless 
hands, is a rer}' danEcnius urlicle. Hnd no one should use it wiihoui 
understanding itii propenicA. thai accidents may be ipiardeit a^ainsl, 
Il bolls at onE hundred and forty "F., and ai nil ordinary tcmpcraiurr« 
rspidly evuporntck. When this vapor I* mingled nlih thcnir. the 
two form a mixture which, in contact with a tiamc. will explode 
violetttlj. The vapor of the bcniinc, when mil niiicil with air lo form 
anexplonlve mixture, will readily take tiie nnd burn rapidly. A boiilc 
pAflly Allnd. in a wnrin room, will give ofl the vapor >o freely, that it 
will lake fire even nhen at a distance of several mchea front a lamp. 
In trurking with beniine. always use il by dnylight, and In a r«K>in 
without a fire, or so far from a fire that there can be no danger. 
ThcM tocu can not be too thoroughly irapresseil upon all who have 
oeiaajon to use this liquid fur any purpoc In using benzine and 
olbor lolvcniB (or removing ureaseor other spots (torn fnbrlr*. a mere 
welting often is ipven. and alter the Iwniine hHK cvap'^raled, the place 
looks worse th>ui before. Bf applying a liitic beniine, the grcoM or 
other substance Is ditaolrcd, nod this solution spreads to the surround- 
iaK portions of the cloth, nnd the evil is Increased. We must use lh«^ 
liquid in such a mtinner m to dinulve the tcr«'a4e. viil then to carrjT ' 
away the solution — we mud, in fact. wa«h out (he »pnt with beniine. 
To do Ihu. it it T>o( necessary tn immerse the article or a targe punion 
of it. In removinB a spot, hrsl fold tome old woolen cloths, or even 
porous new tptijicrs, in furm a tliivk pad. Place this pad under ihe 
arlkie. Hnd wei Ihc »pot with beniine Vk a »pon|{c or n roll of 
WMlen clolh. und rub the s|H>t. adding m'lre beniine as it is taken up 
by <be pad below. In this manner the beniine holding the srcase, etc , 
Id wluiloa, Is ab*o<bcd by the pod, and Ihc solulioa is wtshcd oui 



tPifA-r Ht'HKV O.VK SHOULD A'XOW. 



« 



of Ihc cloth b^ succ«wiv« <]iiaiililic!( trf bcniinc. to Ik alto carried 
down lata the pnd. Sucte*s depends upon uvJiik sufficicnl bciiiinc: 
It i6 cheap, and one deed ooi be nfunag of ii. Gloves are cleaned 
by inimcrdinc ihem In l>entine In n widc-mouthcil glBfii<Mop[>Frcd 
liolllc. T!ic is'"ve» «rc shuken ii|] willi the llnu"! (rif a (rw mmulcf 
token out. squeezed, iind huni{ under ii cliimne}' lo dry If »iiy «|)iil!i 
arc left, Iticoe are rubbed uiih a rax wet with beniine. If the i;liiv«« 
retain any odor, they are pliireil un a plalc. covered by nniither, and 
vrholo act upon a keiile of boilintc watec. 1'hc heat will noon drive 
oS (he odor. 
. BinioiiUiM»— remedj for. — lithe victim of thin discaMc<I candition 
JUl eii«ci»e due care they need not raasack creation for ■" «nii-bi1iuu» 
,hII»."" The bile does not belong in ihestomach, but reaches there in 
coitwquence «( ini|iroper food, too murh of the nlly, ai butler, pork, 
lard, etc. Tile bile i»n»mfe'» Ktiindi^aiharticnirdiiinc. pansioit (mm 
the livei rn a direction tuindkulc that it is l« patw on Jntu the bi>irels. 
there to perform its important mission. When the liver is overtaxed 
by I'jo much Uliur, or by the presence of too much greasy food, diges* 
lion I* impaircil and the whole syntcra becmne* out of order, tl one 
would avoiil biliousncu. let him fa«t. pawinit over one at niore 
meals. As soon u the "moiiilh [a«tcs bad." Ihc tongue i* coat- 
ed, the appetite flog* — the best powible evidence that too much food 
ha* been taken — thus ,-illowinK nature to rally, the accumulated food 
to paxKofl. and the syticm be relieved. In nine cases out often, 
tbis Inkling will remove thr dithiuliy, sitvc a fit of RickncM, andche^it 
the doctor! Any ijuiuk iintlrum I hut willdi.iaH much aafaalinK, would 
yield a (i.Tiune tu the inventor. Many of them, however, if not most, 
locreiue disease, rather than improve health. 

Bird Lime.— Take any quantity of the middle bark of the holly, 
Bnil it in wuter tot several hourt, until it bccomr.v i^uite »fiK. Drain 
ofl the water, and place the holly bark in a h:ilc in the earth, surround- 
ed with stones I here let it remain to fcrmtnt: and water It. if necessary. 
until it passes into a mucUaRinous state, Tlien pound it well, and 
wash it in several waters. Drain it and leave it tor four or Hvc dayn 
to ferment and purify. 

Birda — tQ prtaerre.— Small birds may be preierved as follows:— 
Take out the entrails, open a pouiage to the bruin, which should be 
•cooped out through the mouth: introduce into the oavltle* of the 
skull and the whole body some of the mixture of salt. alum, ami jicp. 
pet, pulling soiDc ihroiigh the gullet and whole Inigili of ihc neck; 
then hang the bird in a cool, airy pbcc. first by the feet thai the body 
may be impregnaicd by the talis, iind aftcrwanls by n thread lhrou([i) 
the under mandible of the bill, till it appears to be iwecl then hang ii 
lit the sun, or near a Are; after it is well dried, clean nut irhHl rcuiHiiii 
Inosenf the mixture, and All the cavity of the body wiih wool, oukum, 
or any u>(i Mibhiance, and p«ck !l ftmixith in paper, 

Blacuil (T*« I. — To on« quart of sifted flour add two leaspoonfuli 
of tukiiit; powder and one icsspoonful of salt. Mix these to({ethet 



«A 



WHAT EVERY O.VE Sll0Vll> K.KOW. 



knd pOM them Ihrouitb % tirvr in order to thnrouKbly blend them. 
Now add fufficwnt swi-rt milk to miikc n liultrr. Ih«n hex your K«m 
pann hoi. and All them hatf.ftitl o( tbe baKcr and lukc in n tiui oven. 
These tttc a drli<ii)us lillle biKuil, applicable lo cilhcr Iircakfoul or 
te«. and t*n lie made aail baked In ten or fifteen minute*. 

Blfcuit (Milk). — To h <|uart of ftnuc giui one cup a( buttermilk, oi 
clabber, unc beaping t^letpuonful of nail; work up very tlighlly 
and set the dough in a warm place lor (our or five hours: ibcn nilil a 
half icaipoonful of fioda; kAead »cnooihly. and bake In a moderate 
oven, 

BiaCBit iSour Milk). — Biscuits made with sour milk or cream of 
Unar thould be handled ax little a« [K'lisible and put a> toon ns made 
Into a hot oven. A wann oven makes siiKy bixuil. The colder the 
milk or water uuxl in making them, the lignicc and moic tender ihejr 
will be, 

8it«s and Stings — cure (or. — Apply instanlty with a soft rn^. most 
freely, spirit* o( harlahorn. The venom nf stinp being an acid, the 
alknli nullities them. Frcih wood ashes, moisleoed with water, and 
madelntoaiHUiltlcr. frenquently renewed. Is an excellent »ubtli[ule. or 
aodk or t>al<iatu«. all tieinx »lk^ill<-o. 

Bites (of sn*kt« and dogSh-trMtment.— i. Apply inimedlaiely 
•tronah«nabani.and i.-ike ii internally: aim K>ve sweet oil and Mimu- 
lanlalrcel)'; apply a ligature right above the pari biiiea. and then apply 
■ cuppinK-Rlaw. 

a. In cueofabitc of a venomous »erpcnl the old historic method of 
■uckini* Ihe wjund with Ihc lip* in one of Ihe finl ihinKs (o be rtsortcd 
to. If the poison is in the circulation the um* of strong hmndy oi 
whisky. In quantitcs powerful enough (o produce inloxlcatlon, niu»( 
be miirtcd to. The bllc of a mad dog should be cauieriin] iii oni-« 
b^ a pencil of lunai-cnusilc, or by application ul irons heated while. 
The peculiarity uf hydrophobic poison it that it remains in the kpoi 
where Ihe hlle occun, for several days or weeks; and not uulil this 
poison ferments does il be<ome dangerous. Dt, Heweli. a i^urKCon 
of London, ullnwrd himself to be billcn no leu then cijchty limet 
by ntlfld di'ifs. eiich lime kucccMfutly cHuicriiinifthc wound. He fell 
a victim lo his temerity, huwever. for one day he wui found liead 
wllfaa ptttol-sholfrom hiiown hand. A slalemeiil was left in hi* 
papers Ihal be had otglcctcd the cautcriration loo lung, and feeling the 
nr*t sympiomi of bydrophablo, he preferred lu die without the long 

). Plipy aSirBis that themuttard plant isasovucign remedy against 
the hite of mrnri venT>mr)UB serpents: it is only neccatary lo apply il lo 
the w.iuiul 

Bitter* tStOtnacbV— Gentian root, six ounces; orange peel, icn 
ounces; cinnamon, one ounce; anise seed, two ounces; coriander seed, 
two ounces, cardamon seed, one-half ounce; Peruvian bark unground, 
two ounces; bruise all the articles and add one ounce gum kino, put 
In tKO quaru alcohol and iwo quarts pare spirit, or good whisky may 



lyffA r E VEK y o.ve sftoi/io k.vo n: i 

be lucd inM«*d nf pure spirit; shaltc occMlonnll)' for ton itaj-i. and 
Alter ihxiLiKli ihrec thickn«M60» nf wuolrn: then unc-ha]f piiil of ihfi 
iiifiy lie oilArA I'i a Kullun of wholly, ni«r« or las lu (InJrcd. 

Bitters •Stoug:htOD).— Tlircc-f'unhs of an nunce ['eiuvian bark, 
one ouni'c wiltl i tic rry bark, two ounce* |[ciiiiRn root lirtiUed, ono 
uanc« drinl nnuijcr peel. t>a^ ounce cAntnnKin seed bruisnl: keep in 
one ration spiriis two or three wccki. Cures itysjicpsia. etc. 

Bmckbcrry Tea.— The ■'blackbrrry lea " io much used !n donic»- 
tic priM'tlce in v.irious pans of Itic countrj'. Is mode nol from ihc ber> 
ric». but (n>in llie rooi. The rooi U not only employed a« u fatnily 
lemedy. but our moM skilled phy«i<iaiit fmd thAt. iit chronic cases, 
it Is most useful, and iiin"n:s with Ihe Momuch when other medicjncc 
will not be reuincd. We have known obslinalc cases of the "•rmy 
diHrtlicru" to yield lo this simple remedy when other medicines had 
failed. Those who wish to avail themselvet of the rcnieilinl projicr- 
ties of the blackberry, should m*ke v»c of the root. It dues not up- 
pcarihat there i* aoyperte(iiiblc diflerence in the rootsof the several 
»pe(ir«: ihote «( the running and bush forms of the bUckberry have 
Itip »:inie properties. Ax one or more spedcs I* to be found in every 
pan of the country. * useful and inexponxive remedy it e»ery«hereat 
liiind. The usual method <if preparinK it is to wld an ounce of roix 
to B pint and a half of water, and simmer slowly uniU reduced to a 
pint, nnil Rlraln. A dose of this tea for an adult is n wincglassful; 
for a rhild. one lo three teaipoonfuU. While it is prcpnrinK, bit* of 
orange-peel may be wldcij. to Kive n pleawinl llavor. This It-a was 
much used by the surii;eotis of liiith armies in the laic war with Kreal 
•ucccu. and li is now much employed by physitians. 

Btackberrr Syrup.— Blackberry syrup may be prepared, to be 
kept ux \y.im\ im u-i-, in ihe following manner; Four ounces of black- 
berry rooi and otic iliam each of cinnamon, clovn. and nutmeg, are 
Kcnlly simffiercd for an hour in a '^uarlof uairr. The liquid is then 
strained atl, and two pounds of sugar added. When cold, add a 
•riticKluslul of ^^andy. and boule for use. The dose lor a child !■ a 
icaanoonful. and for nn nduli a [nblespoouful. 

Blackberry Wine — to m Alee.— Blackberry wine, the usual pro- 
cess fnr oihcr fruit juices may be followed. To a sttllon of the 
beitic^, well bruised, add a quart of boiling water. Allow these lo 
*Mand (or twenty-four hours, stirring occoxionalty. Then strain and] 

B'CM mil the juice, And add iwo pounds of siiKsr to each gallon, 
bee (he liquid inn jug (u ferment. 'ITie jug musi be kepi full by 
adding from lime to lime »ome of the juice kept (or the purpose. 
When fermenlation ceases, cork the jug. and keep ina cool placvj 
three or four tnontht, after which tlic wine may be tiiiitileil. carefully j 
pourinc it I'll from the sedimeni. Of cnutse tarter quantities may ba4 
Dl^i^ wilIi ilic same propottions, in a cask. 

Blackberry BruMjr.— Take ten gallons of brandy, and luc finil 

auart* nice rich blackberries, mashed; macerate the berries in ihe4 
qunr for ten days, ihen strain oft, aod add one ounce su^ar to eAcki 



!tB 



WHAT EVtKY OXE SItOULt) KNOW. 



gallon. If sltawberTici nic used, work ihf^ »Mit« proponioiu with 
anlv hntr ihr qiunilty of suKar, 

Blackbirds— food of.— Th« naiural food of lh« blackbird l> bnrftt, 
wnrms. inictit, i>hclkil-sriiiili. ■;hcmcii and olhcr vim liar fniil; and its 
uriiticlalfunil. lean frcih tncat. cut very Dinnlt, and mlitcd iriili btead 
(■I Gen" an \iin-Kr. 

Blacking— for taanie«>.~'McU fmir ounces of muiton »uc( wiih 
iwclvc ounrca t'f I>ccnwax, add lirplvc ounc« of sugar candy, (our 
iniQcciiof noCt >oap(liiw>lvcd in wnlcr. and iwooundei of IniliKO finHy 
powdtrcJ. When mclinl and welt mixctl, add hall a pint of lucpcn- 
linc. Lny il on Ilir hucm:^* Willi ■ ^iKinKc. and Iioliah o5 with 
btuili. 

Blackine;— for boots tmd shoes.— tvurir bUcK, iiropocind*; molas-' 
MS. iwo (JOumU; sweel oil. one pound; nib togtiher ittl wril mileil, 
(hcowld m\ ^ilriol. thrcc-quarleri^ of n pound; add cimri-p HUKUt. one- 
half pound, and dilute wiDi iK-rr bottom*. 'Phi* cnnnui be excelled. 

BlackinK— for boots and shoea.— Ivor?- black, one and a linK 
nunccs; molauo, oneimd n half ounces; ipeim oil. ibrcc drumH; 
stTon)[ oil of vitriol, three dram*: (ommon vUicKitr, half a pini Mix 
the ivory black. molatMS and vinenar (ojtcilict. then mix [he sperm 
«lt and oil oi vitriol Separately, and udd llicm to theiilhcr mixture. 

Blacking— for katfaer. — Fill a b<iitle half full of nails, or ruiiy bita 
of ir<". Ilien till ulihjihaqi vinegar; shake every few day* for awhile; 
in a few wrckt ii will be fit t»r use. Ii Improve* with a^e. When 
used down, fill up ui;''^'^ v\it> vinexar. When booia become red. wet 
In the blackinc and oil Ihem. They will look as good as new. The \ 
oil sen ihe color, and it will neither rub or wash oil. It Is good for 
all kind* ■'( Irathrr. and wdl not injure il In Ihe leaai. 

Black Walaut—to poliaK,— To give black walnut a Dnc polish, so 
aa to lesemlile lith iiUI wood, apply a eoat of hhcll.ic varnish, and 
then nib it with a snt^M>lH piece of pum ice -n lone unlil dry. Anolhef 
roat may be given, and Ihe tubbing repealed. After this, a coal <•( 
polish, made of linseed oil. beeswax, and turpentine may lie well 
rubbed in with a tlauliei. made of a iile<c nl sponge lighily wrapped 
la n piece of fine llannel *ri'rial linicit ftiWiHl, .ind iniii.«Icncd "iih ihe 
pollMi. If this work is niil Anc enough, il may be smooihed niih the 
Mncsl sandpaper, and Ihe rubbing repe.-ited. In the course of i1idc_ 
the walnut lieomM Very dark and rich in color, and In every way ia 
superior I<> thai whirli huii bci-n varnished. 

BUck Clothes — to icstOTC.~Ib>i1 ibrre ■•iiiKeK of tug wood In a 
i^uart of vinecor. and when llie color ix exlracled, drop in a piece of 
e*(bonatc of iron the siieoi a large chestnut. Lei il boil Ave min- 
ute?. Have the article lobe dyed sponged wiih soap and hot water, 
laying them on th« labk and Sitongc mem all over with il. takiog 
care to keep Ibom smouth. and brush downward. Wboo completely 
wel wiih tbedye, dissolve a teaapt-Miful of salaiuius in a teacup o( 
warm water, and sponge over with Ihis. which sets the color so oo(h> 
big rubs oA. They must not be wrung or wrinkled, but carefully 




U'HAT BfUKV O.VS SlIOVLD KSQW. 



aq 



itn:; '.'P to drain. I'br titowncsi cloih may ttc made a pctftrcl black 
I ibis simple RtHnnrr. Soniany people nav« (ulcd itaiiiients ihal 
ihii rcrkpc rany be of service in rrKlnririK them li> u lively color. 

Black — to color. — Allow [our piiunds of woolen material to on*- 
half pound of coppcnu. Wring the ^o^ vrty dry out of warm 
iralcr, and put Into th« cappcran thni hoc been boiling in truer on 
hour Sot ufiile until cuol rT>»ii|cb <<' *■ ring, Iben vath thoroushly In 
dear old waiter. Boil iwoiHiundHnl loKWunil tli^d Inalioijoaehour. 
Allow the iitliclei In remain in lliis till CfioI rni'U);1< t" wriilij, then put 
tln-ni III water ilui dry clover has been iteeped in, fur about half an 
liuiic IK ptvvenl KimiltiiiK, Dry iKnrouKlily und wash. 

Black TongiM — In CAttlP. — The t<yinpi»m« are Inflointaatloii of 
the iD'iuth. .iwelling i>f the licnd und fair. >liM(li.ii)(eof bli>ody fotliv:!. 
and high fever, marki the lint iiax'"- I'tccrs si.i'in appnir under and 
on the tJdes Mf Ibc tonnue. Then the throat and neck nwctl. and jl 
llie dlsewc h not cheeked gnngrcnc onsuct and the animal diei. The 
diwaM is Mid to yisld readily to e:itly and pmper tremment. The 
fbUmring has proved very succeHtful: The .'kniinal Miould br hlH 
from the neck vein. Give him castor oil, one pint, to fie rrpcaied in 
ten hour* If It should not operate. 1'hcn ute the folluwing: [>owdec- 
cd burnt alum, (our mincei^: chloride of liinc, two ouncenL corn mciil, 
two iguarli. Mis. -ind ivilh tlii* jMiwrler fwali the mouth (requrnlljr. 

BIbuc Mange. — ^Take a handful of Irish mow. whsIi tliurouiihly in 
«evcral wotcn, aild a few pieca of stick dnnamun. .-ind tie up loosely 
la a piece of m(wi|uito ncttinR. Itoll about fifteen minutes In one 
<|lMn of milk: turn llii- milk inin n mould nr IkiwI previously wet with 
cold.wuler; let it <itiind until culd. When rcudy for u«e, turn it out 
upon n dish, t) boiicd cnouKh. it will keep its form. Eat with sugar 
and iii-am. 

Blankets — toclcanst.— Put tirn large tcntpoonfuls of bonuc and a 
pint bowl of diitt soup inlu n tub of cold water. When dinsnlved, put 
m a pntr of blankets, and let them remain over nixbl, Sext duy rub 
and drain them out, and rinse thoroughly in two waters, and hang 
them to drj'. Do not wtinjt them. 

SlAtlkctS— to clcatu — When nolled they i^hotild be wnihed. mid not 
KOtireil. Shake the dust from ilicm. plunt-e thcni into plenty of hot 
supiuds. Ii^t ihrm lie till the hand* can bt borne in the walvr. wash 
tjuicltly, rinse in nev clean hot nids. shake thoroughly, stretch well, 
dfy, onil they nill be n* nice as new, 

BIftRketa— to waah.— Take half a rake at t-oap. cut it into ftmall 
|it«<«8 and diK>i>Ive it IboroUKhly In hot natcr. Pour this into enough 
eold water to cover the blankets; add l«'i> ounce* of borax fpulvcrtted 
diSjMlves most readily), and put your blankets to soak all niyhi. In 
■he mnrnlnK take llicm out ami squeeic inoit of the water out of them 
and rlivfe thoroughly in culd wnler. in which Ot little bnrnx hui been 
dUMilvcd: put them IhruuKh a second rinsing water and then through 
the blueini; water. Do not wring or squeexe them this lime, but hang 
them up to drain and dry. The easiest way is to lake them, oliilc iri 




JO 



(fWJ r KVHKY OXK SI/OVLD KNOW. 



th« lasl Hnlrr. uul under the clolhn liii«. ns it is not convcnicnl to 
cam thcin whtn full of walcr. Ii is best not lo double thc-m over 
lh« line, but hdnf; by nnc coil or side. O/ course yoo wnnt n »uiiny 
(Uy for drying them nicrly, rdiI if you |iui them to komIc hi iikIii uml 
the nrxl <liiy >» ■turaiy. il will not hurt (hri» to »a«k lotuvf. K Ihe 
wool is very Kreasf, \mx m»rv smp and bonix. Fine flanneli and 
baby'* crocheted ikins and sact[ues «t" rice when washed in this wny, 
And if you Ufc ci>1d vatct they wilt not thrink. Vafv Ihe proportions , 
of finnp iind li'>t.iv \a tult ihe qii.tntlly i>( wiXcr. I nouid not AdviM 
you !■■ waih .-itiiiril K'">ds in this wily, »» they miKhl (adc, 

Blankets (.white wool) — to wash. — To wash woul blankets, we 
should malic a suds from nice hard siup. ami make ii narm 
ciioiiicli CO he i-nmforxablc to the hands nnd proceed in rub 
lliem ihroiiKh l«<> water*, iisinit nti ooup except thiit which ih dift. 
»rilvcd in the u'atcr. Rtn*« tn walcr of Ihe Mime Icinperaturc at 
itial in which they were ira>hed. shAke out and dry itnooihly, then 
fi<1d and pte» by Uyiflg a irciitht upon tbcm, If while bUnkeis are 
WMhrd in ttiiH Uiiy. ihcy will ddi ahrlnli, and will rcuin their while- 
net?! fi.r miiiiy yearB. 

Blanket (Roman)— to knit.— Fire stripes, three uf black and two 
of Rornin color*. Stripes »rc fifty slilcnei wide, and two hundred 
and »cventy-livc rib* long. Knit gancr stlich. Take off Ihe Aral and 
tiCJm the liL-t MiKh iii cadi row, Crorhct hltipa together widi (oaf , 
MitcliCB lihick. fiiur while: and (our yelliiw. Mxlefidl. tteniianliiwn 
wuiil sixfold, one and thrce-ciKhlhs pounds of black, one-fourth 
pound o( cherry, one-fourth pound of blue, one-fuur^h pound pearl 
while, and two ounces of yctlow. shade bordering on ornniie. For 
friufie. one thread of yellow with thrc« of Mack for black strlprtL. Ro. 
man cutnrs for Roman slripeo, Arranicement of color*' One cuw uf 
while, one tow of blue, one row of cherry, one row of blue, one row 
cif yellow, one row o( cherry, one row of while, iwclve rows ij 
blue, one row of while, one row of cherry, one row of blue, one row 
of yellow, one row o( white, on row of cherry, one row of Muc. leii 
rows of while, one row of blue, one row uf while, one row of cherry, 
one row of blue, one row of yellow, one row of cherry, one row ol 
while, sixteen rows of cherry. 

Bleeding— ,rom tha noat.— From whatever caiuc, Wecdlni; from 
tlir tiiiHe may Kt .icixlty tic Moplieil by pultiUK * plug of lint inl^i ihe 
n'-Mrils: il ihis d'icn nol do. apply a told lotion lo Ihe (urehe^ul; raise 
the head, and platclifrthatmsover Ihe head, so that il williesion both 
hands; dip Ihe lint plug, tlighlly moislcned. into some powdered K^m- ' 
aroliEc, ami pluK the nofiiiilh axoi'ii <>' dip the plug Into equal paiu of 
powdereil tnim-«rabic an>] alum. An e«»ier And iiimplet melhiKl it lo 
place a piere of wrilinK |>ai>cr on [be fnimii uf the upper jaw, under 
the upper lip. and lei ii remain there for a few minuiev. 

Blecainr— 40 stop.- - It a man It wounded so thai blooil flt>ws. thai 
II0W Is either rettular, or by jci* or spurts. Kit Howii rritulailv. a 
vdn hu betn wounded, and h »lriii|; thould be bound lightly anniml 




ll'ftA T EVEft Y OKE SHOULD KSOW. si 

below ihe irounded pun. ihM U. beroid !< froro ih« hcait. If ih 
blood ct-mcs out by leaps or jotx. an Hrtrry has Imoo tcvcied. and lH« 
(■rrsofi KM$ bleed to d(^»th in « few cnitiiiici; to prtiviM whkh •■>p<v 
Ibr tord above the wound, thai U, hcinevn ihe KuvBdand Iho bean, 
in casF > tlrini; orcord 1* not al hand, tic Uic iwo oppouic corocrt of 
a bandkerchief uruuiul Ihc limb, put ii i^lirk Imivcch and lurn ll round 
tinlll the handkerchief v-. twilled KuiUcirnllr liKht to tlo|> the bleeding, 
and fcet-p It iO until a [)hy*ician (.-in be had. 

BIccdlBE— of * woiind.-- Thi? fnllowinK KJinptc remedies may be 
maile- uv of. Simlc vine linrn raitu in ulron^ vme|:4r. Ixitn it nnd 
^lrc^r ihi- ashes on the w-und. "r l>riii»c Ihr ti>l« o( MinetnK-neltler 
und [ilace them over it, orajipl)* nt-ood drri>iri(; ol Ihr |»w<Ii'r ii! ripe 
|iul)-t>.tlU. In ccnajn (mch it may be d«irnble lu tie two ui three 
tiuht li;-atute» nedr the lower jjari of each inlal, aod doiclien Ihcm 
graduallir. Tliit will »Mi«l in »l"[>plfi|c the flow of blood. 

Bleeding— to stop the flow."! Take the line dust of lea or tbe 
(crapings of Ihe inmle of unned leather and bind it dose upon ttke 
wi^nil, »nd Morid will mirtn ceaie lotion. These aitulct are at all 
times st(e>>*>iMr Hnil cHuy !<■ lie i>Miilnrd, After (hr IjIoihI hiw ceiwcd 
to H-uw laudanum may be iidv.iTiiiiKciiuAly applieil to the u'liund, 

3. For bleedinf;. lake linen or other rags, bum to charcoal and put 
If in the wound and no more blood will come. 

BliatM— to drMS, — -SpreHd a liitlr bliiiier c»tn|)ound on h piece of 
common wlhesivc ptasler with the liitbl thumb, ll should be put on 

Sf ihickly cnoufih to conceal the appearance ol the plaster beneath. 
r. part from wbieb a blister has been laken should be covered oi'cr 
till it hr.ili^ iilih >o(t linen t»,gfi. smeared wllh lard- 

Blisteted Hands or Feet.— liVlien ihe hands ore blistered from 
rowini;. or the feet from valking or other cauiea, be careful not to 
atlo<r the blivicti to break, if pouiblc. Some persons uc in the 
bHl'il. by means oi a needle and piece of woretcd, of placioif a srion 
into btiiti'TV 10 draw nIT the oJilrr: but iii out opinitm Ihii- \t ii Kfcut 
mistake and retards l)ic healinK. Bathe the blisters freuuenllv in 
warm water, or. if they ore very severe, make asatreofiallow. drop- 
ped fnjin a lighted camllc Intoa little )[ln and worked up to a proper 
eooMMericr. andou k'*!")! to l*il rover the bli*ter» with tblasalvc and 
place a jiic-e "i (lean soft lajtovct lliem. 

Blood Blister— to treat,— Wben a finger is bruised so as to 
cause a blrmd-blisler under the nail, it >hou1d immedlaiely be cirilled 
with a .Lnilc oi other ^ain.poinied lnt.<rucneni, and (he blood allowed 
lo escape, Thit afloirU in»iant relief to An injury which may other- 
wise beeome en-wilingly jiainful 

Blood Purifier.— Mil half an ouncv sulphate of magncila wllh 
one pini vaier. Dose, a nine glassful three times a ilay. Thj* can 
tie tiw) in ihi" place fi( iron Ionic, or in {onnr<:li>n wtlh i(. 

Blueing— for clothes. — Take one ciunre of boIi i'ruuian blue. 
;iOwdcr il and put it in a boiilr with one quut of clcju' rajn w::'ei, 



)9 JV/r AT EVERY ONE SHOULD KNOW. 

and add on^h'li ounrc o( pulTerlid oxalic acid, A lab1c«p<K>nful 
is HudicEcdT fi.ir H (iiiKC ivftKhinK- 

Bmb— tieatment «f.— Tlicse shoutil 1>* Iirougtit lo a head by 
norm poulikc* of camomile flowers; or Iwilcd white lily tooi, hi 
onion Tool by [ermcnuiion wilh hoi vinlci. or by *(lmuli>linK;ilH»(tir*. 
Wlicn ripe Ihry ohnuld l)ir ilmtroycd t>y a needle m Uncc-I; liul lhi» 
sbouUI tiOI 111- allcinptt'd iiiiiil they arc liiliy [inrrd 

Boiled Flour— useful in cams of very r«Uxed bowels.— Tic up 
half a pound or n pound of flout in 2 cloih ([uiic itglii. boil It (or 
twflvc hours, ihcn Id it tool out of ilic wjlrt. When fooi icducc it 
til |iiivir<k~r. iith] y^w^ i\ tcahpoonful Jil ix linir mh i\ il'i^. It niuy l>e 
ukt-n diif or muiticticd uiih a litilf milk <ir wciik btundy and water. 

Bool* i.Rubbery— lo inend.^Proture aomc pure tn>in. nhicli can 
be bouglii ni any wholesale nibbcr haimc, or tou can have yout (lni([- 
)[l*( (ii<Ier 11 for ynu al n rcii.i »l about livir rctitR per ounce. A( the 
lanic lime nfiJei jiiiMliinK, and il 'n well tu biive Iwo IhivkneiiKS (or 
mendiut: difTerrnt rixhIs. Put an uuncc or iwo of Kum inio ibree or 
(out lime* it* bulk of beniine. cork tighlly and nUow it |q siand (our 
{w five days, when it will be dissolved. Wcl the boots wilh bciiiine 
l<if an inch cjr iuotc; araiind Ibc XvAv and i*CTa|>c willi n knife. Kc|wa1 
this weiiinK with lH:niin(r and srrapinK ^cv<:tal times until thoruughly 
cleaned, and a new surface enpoicd. Wet the ctoih lidcof tile patch- 
ing wilh licnime and (-Ive one light scraping, then apply wilh a 
knife H Koiid ciiutinic "I the diHWilvcit rubt>er, bolh to the bo' t and 
pulch. Kud allow it to liiy unlil i( will n«l stick 10 your r>n|[cr», llicn 
apply the two surfaces and prfSH or liicbily bammrt' iitlo a» perfect 
compnci as possible, and sei away lur a day "t two, if jiouiiblc. be- 
(oie ukmy. 

Boot* (Wet >—treBtm«Bt of.^When boot* ore wcl through. di> 
not dry ibem lay llie fire. As soon a* ihcy are taken oil, fill Ihcni 
quite full wilh dry oals. This Kniin will rapidly absnrb every veslin 
of damp fram the wet leather. As it takn up the moisture it swell* 
kuitflllltbe boot like a ttgliily Tilting last, keeping its foim good, 
■ad drrW ihc leather Without hardening it. In the morninK *bitkc 
out Ihe uals Hnd liaiiK Ihem in a bag near the torn lo dry, ready fur 
\UK on anolher occasion. 

Boot ftiid Shoe Preservative.^Il is said two parts tallow and one 
of ret,in. mrtird i<>|;<cther and applied to the soles of new boots »i 
I ritoes. '■xi ttiuch as 1I1C IciThcT will fth^nrb, will double their wear. 

Borax— substitute for.^Alum Iw" unn'c*, tliluic wiib water and 
> mix nilh two ounces potash, buil in put h»l( an hour over u K<'ul1o 
ire, lake it out of the water, add two ounces Kcm salt in powder, as 
much of alkaline *all. three pounds honey, and one of cow's milk, 
■nix all liigelhcr. *« il in llic mio for three davs, and the borax is 
ready for use. This wilt go twice 'Mi f.u in a t>lacksmiih's shop as 
common borax. 

borax— uses of.— It may be interesting to some 10 know thai a 
weak koluliun uf buiui-wAtcr snutlcd up the nostrils, causing il to 



I 



1 



w/fAT srEitv o/irs srtouu) K.votp. 



» 



through the hbmJ pa>Eii|[e to ihc thraac, then ejecting it from 
the mMith, will gtrtiiiy relieve <d>t*rrh. >nil in cbms not too obitlnMe 
or li>n|> tcaiiilinic. will, if petscvereil in. effect * pnrmaneni cure. It 
is slw> of iire3t ralue in cm« of inlluncd or weak eye*. Make ■ solu- 
tion (not too sirong). and bathe the eye bj opening uii] fthuliiTiK it 
two or three time* In the ivntcf. Thi» ran he clone by mean* ol an 
eye-cup, or equally well tiy holilini; » handful tA V'a: water to the eye. 
Another iliflicully. wflh whioh nintiy pcrwiiis me allliclnl. is «n irrlto- 
Ikin or inlLammutiun of ihe membrane linin); the <itvitie» of the noK. 
which becomes aggravated by the atighlcji to\A. often iHUKmic gienl 
pain. Tim can be grEatty relieved, it nm entirely eureil. by snuffing 
borax-wilier up the nostrilH two ni threv times n \iny. The moit diffi- 
cult cues of ^ore tliiual muy be cured by ubiiik >t dimply as a garKle. 
As a w&ib for the head it not only leavei the scalp rrry white mid 
clean, but (enden the hair soft ond glouy. It hu also been found 
by many to be of inVAtuable lervicc In case of nervous headache. It 
applied In the itamu manner h» in wjuhinK the hair, the result Is won- 
rlerful. It (nay be used iluite Mrotig, ailer which rinir the hnir rare- 
fully with clear water: let the person thus suffering tciiiniii in a miiol. 
well-venti!a1ed room, uuiil ihe hilr is nearly or quite dry. and if pos- 
sible, indulge in a t>b'irl ^Ircp. hiiiI Ihcrc will hardly reinaln a trace 
of the headache. If clergymen, teucliers. and niheni, who have an 
oadue amount of bruin work for the hind and quality of physical ex- 
ercise usually taken, would shampoo the head in this manner about 
once a, week, ami then undertake no more brain work until the foliow- 
ing morning, they would be surprised li> find how clear and strong 
the faculties had iMrcome, and there is reason to ho|>c theie would be 
much less premature decay of the mental faculties. As a toilet 
requisite it is unite fndispensible. If used to rinse the mouih each 
lime ailcr cleaning Ihe teeth It will prevent the gums from becoming 
dlsca^od or uncleanly. In tihort. in all caHcs iif allaying inllammallon 
there i« probably notliing belter in matiria mtdica. The average 
•Irength of the solution should be a small teaspooirful to a toilcl-glawt 

I »f water. 

Bots in Horces— cure for. — Give ihc horae. first, two quarts of new 
milk and one quart motaases; fifteen minutes afterwards give iwo 
■jnant very fclrong sage lea; thirty minutes after the tea. give iliice 
pint* (or enough to operate as physic), of curriers' oil. The mola»»e» 
and milk cause the bats to lei go their hold, the tea puckers ihcm up, 
and the oil carries ihem completely away. Cute, certain. In the 
worst ciisct. 

Bouilli (Fiencht. — The most common dishi hroughout France is a 
piece of plainly boiled fresh beef, from which the soup has been 
partly mode, and which is separately tcrved up as bnuilli, accom- 
panied by strong giary and minced vrgclahics or slewed cabbage. 
Now ihU, a* dressed in Ihe French mode, is ever delicate, bolh in 
lihre »iid flavor: while, in the usual manner of boiling it. il is almost 

I • way* liud aod insipid. The ie«*on, ^ayt that celebiBicd eool^ 





U WHAT EVERY OXE SffOVI.D KXOir. 

Caremc. I* lUi: "The meal t« puiln the poi with iheusuat quanllty 
i>( colli wAicr, ftnd placed ai the corner of the fitcptace, where, ilowlf 
bccciminK hut. Ihe heat ^aduftlly ttrelli the muscuUr libroa »f the 
bc«f, ili»olving the gclalinou* subiitanc« therein contained, und (lid- 
Ffifcaicing that portion nhicb chcmiMs term ■"oitniuone," and which 
imparls savor to the fleah — thui bnih rccidetinit Ihc meat leniler and 
paUidblc, and ihe broih reli«hiii|c iind nuliiiivv; while, on ihe con- 
trary, l( Iho pot be inconsidenilely put upon loo <iuick n rur. (he boil* 
ins IS precipiialed, Ihe £br« coaguialci and huidens. the oaniaione 
in hindered fcom djwoga^ng IikII, and ihu* nothing i< obtained but 
■ piece of lough meal, and n broih nithoul taiite or nucculcncc." 

Borers — to protect tte«a front. — An Ohio fjirmrr ww.'ihcs lii» npple 
liecs every BptiiiK iind fjll with n strung lye thai wilt Host an ccK, 
and liiidi It to be !.iire dcuih lo the borers, tie claims that he hns not 
lost«me«Iacc beginning Ihl:t practice, although he h>d lost several 
prevlou»ly. 

Box Meuures.— Farmers and market icitnleners trill find a series 
of box measures very useful' and thtf can be rejullly made by any 
-inc nho understands ihc Iwo'lool rvie. and con handle Ihc saw and 
Ihe hummrr, A hoi sixteco by fclxi-rm nnil one-eighth Inches square 
and eight inches deep, will conl^n « bushel, or Stjcc^ cubic inches, 
each inch in depth holdinK one g^lon. 

A box twenty-four by elevea *nd one-fifth inches square and eight 
Inches deep will also contain A bushel, or aiJiM miblc Inches, each 
Inch in depth holding one gn1l>>n. 

A box twelve by elet'rn Kiid one-fifth inches square and eight inches 
deep will contain half a bushel, or io7{.> cubic inches, each inch in 
depth holding half a gallon. 

A box eight by ci){bt and onc-founh inches square and cighl Inches 
deep win conidin haJf a peck, or S98.S cubic inches. The gallon dry 
mvMure. 

A boi four by four inche« square and four and one*filth inches deep 
will contain one quart, or 67,) cubic inches. 

BraJas — to cook.— To a cultivated appetite ihc»e are among the 
choicciil puns of any animal. Hrsins should be suiiked in water to 
remove tul the blood Jruni Ihcm; then they may be fried in biiitcr till 
well done. A nice way of preparing them is to bull them in milk for 
abuul iweniy mlnDtcs. pom- oS the milk and pour over them rinegar. 
Cooked In this way they nre as nice at pickled oysters, from which 
ihey can scaicely be told. 

Brain StimnUnt. — The best possihle thitiK for a man to do when 
he feets too weak to carry anyllune through, M to go lo bed and sleep 
dS long as he can. This 1* the only recuperation of brain power, the 
only actual rc^ uperaiion of brain force; because durinn sleep the brain 
is in a slate of rest, in a condition to receive and appropriate particles 
of nutriment from the blood, which uke the place of those which have 
been coDMUiMd by picvious labor, Noce the very aci oj tbiaking burns 




it^HAT F.yKKV OJVF. SIIOUIJ) KNOW. 

pp solid partklea, as crtrjr tarn of the wheel or sere* of Ihe steamqi 
i« the tciuh of consumplion br lire of the fuel in ihe tumoec. 

Bi«in~-«tiUrg;cment of.— Thin chlcflyeffettschll'Iren.tindconiilKii 
in on unnntuml ^nmtli »f ihobriiin. The kUuII miiy k^w with ll. 
Hfltl three \k nu syniium-i of iliveosr. th<ni|ch cbililreii with this large 
brain lire apt tudje uf some brain itiwriue. The s^'inpl<-ms'>f enlaige- 
iTif nt of the brnin are. dull ricis uf inlellecl. i ml ifft rente lo exlctDAl 
objccl*. irrllnblc icmpei, inordinale apptliic. nlddioiv*. nnd habitual 
hodftchr, SiinirlimestheiciirccnnvuUiims, cpl1r|ilic filt. nnd idlncy, 
Thctc isulsoit [leruliir ptdjectioo of the [KifielMl lioiiM in lhl» iliNease. 

T'ratminr. — As tnuch as potaible. repress ull rxeri'iie i>l thu mind. 
Do not *ufler ihc child lo go to school: but put il to the inusi active 
ntiil muiiciiUr cxcrcite In the npcn fttr. The tnonienl ihcrc Isany heat 
In the lop of the hcitd,np|>ly cold water, ice. or cold cvaporallnic 
hxiciiv. The diet i>!i'>iild be very simple, hiejici and tiiiik only, if, m 
the rlitid ktows up. ihr sicrj of the (lisesiw invremc-. 

Btkndy (Cherry i — to make. — Good whisky, ten j>;j|lons; wild black 
chemej. fivt quiirls. wtll limited wilh sionei broken; common al- 
mondi^ nhelleil. one pound; while huitni'. cioaamon. cU-ve* mid nut- 
mcK. well bruised. i>l each one-half ohikc. Mit and let MAnd twelve 
■lays, and draw oil. This, wilh Ihe addition of two icallono brandy, 
iDitltci ihc moil superior cherry brindv. 

Bmid* (Cocn«ci. — To cveiy leti gnllnns of pure spirits add two 
i)uans new EnRland mm. orone quart Jamaica rum, and from 
thirty to fnrly diops oil L-oKnnc. GUI in one-half pini alcohol, and color 
with burnl suear to suit. 

Bnss or Silrer— 'to clean. — To clean brass and *ilver. and polish 
Ihe name, utc aqua ammooia and rolico-sionc. followed by rouge, 
ap^ici) niih Mift leather. 

BraAS or Copper— BCTeral ways to clean and pollth. — i. Fini 

remiive all ihe Alaiiis. by nibbing the brii.is ivrlh a llannet dipped in 
vinegar: then poliib wiih a leather and dry roi ton -s lone. 

4, Kuh ihe i^urfacc of ihc metal irlih rotton-slnne and swecl oil, 
ibcn tub off with a piece of cotton Hansel, and polish nllh a piece of 
Mft leather. A soiulion of oxaiic acid ruhbnl over hruHs toon re- 
noves the tarnish, renderine the melal bri((lii. The utid must be 
vashcd off with water, and tlie bnss rubbed with nhillng and soft 
Icathri A mixluFc of muriatic acid and alum dissolved In water lia> 
parts it icoldcn color to brass articlet thai are atecped ifi it for a few 
•cconds. 

J. BtBss ornaments should be first washe<l with a nronx lye made 
of rock alum, in ihc propuillon of one ounce of alum to a pint of 
walcr. When diy. rub with leather andline ulpoU, Thit will give 
to braw Ike brilliancy of gold. 

4. Copper utensils or brwa articles may be as thoroughly cleaned 
and look as brishi by washing them with a solution of niIi nod vine- 
far 03 by uiiuf! "\iilk acid, •ind the advantage of Tun»'i>); nn n«k of 

eJaoning either children or caiclcEi perBon*. Use aa murib soil aa 



36 



WHAT EVEKY OKS StlOtTLD KXOW. 



the vlneicar will dlM>1ve. aad apply wlih a wuokti raK. nibliinfc viitor. 
oiuly, Uicn polish wlih pulvtriHtl chalk, nnil ihe lulick aill luolilik« 
ne«, irilh Utile Ubnr, »a Ihc acid of Ihe vincgnr i* vtrf HIidcnl in 
rcBoving all siuim ftom riihcr copper or broM. 

;. The qiiickesi and casmt way to tirlghlcn capper or l>raw. ia ici 
Kcl a clitili in a iironx «oluiii>n »f iixnllc ncid, ftnd nib till it is rlcar, 
Ihoo dip a dry ll»nilcl into Irijinli or prcpHrvd cllnlk, nritl rut) it well. 

6. A K<l(xl panic for cleaninK bruM mny be tnude by mixing one 
pan oxalic ftcid and *ix pans rollcn-aione. wilh equal pan* of irain 
oil and aplrltn of lorpcnunc, maUnB a thick panic of the whole. 

7. Clean braiu) with a solution made hy diii8oIvini;onrtHMetjH>on* 
(al oxalic acid and iwo tsbkspoonfulH trijicili in u hulf pint 01 nofl 
waler. Apply wilh a woolen rag, and itfipr a fen minutes wipe dry 
and poliih. 

H. Waiih wilh warm water to remove f{TCB«e. iben nili wilh n mix, 
lute of roiicn Mone, sod »onp, ami oil i.( lutpcnline, mixcil lo the 
conHislcncc of »i(I putty. The slime tihoutd tie powdered very fine 
oDil Kiflcd: and a quantily of the mixture may be m^c sullicienl lo 
last for a long lime. A little of the above mixluic nhould be mixed 
with water, robbed over the metal, then rubbcil brlnkty with x dry 
clean ru or leather, and a beautiful poliiih will be oblafned. 

Bm^—to make. — My veant is inaileof a pint of pared, bulled and 
mashed potatoes: put a h.-ilf pini uf fluur in with them, then pour on 
about a pinl of the waier in whicb they were boiled, stir lhi» together 
and ihen add a pint of warm waici. It the weather It ri^ld. and one 
pint of ycasi. Keep it in a warm place to riM; take one pint of this 
with flour enough lo make u sponKe, ur rising, as ^ome people call it: 
U will rise in a&JUt two hours, and this much will make tip ilx pint* 
of flour; moke It up tolerably stiff, knead it well, and you will have 
good bread If it li; baked properly 

Bread (Crmhun). — PieiHuv a aponcc at for while bread: put into 
your bakin|;-pan the next mumlDK a proportionate <tuanlity of Hour, 
iwu-thirds Graham and one-third while, to every quart of which you 
will allowalarcc handful of Indtitn meal and a tnupoonful of «alt. 
Make a hole in the tenter ol ihia and pout In your »pon|te. wilh iwo 
tabtespuonfuls of mulHMes for each medium sued loaf. The dough 
moal tie very Soft. It will take u limber time to rise ihua while bieim; 
«ben light knead again, n.-ike into loaves, and set in a warm place 
(oraMCond rtalns. UAke steadily in a moderate ovco for a much 
longer lim* ihan jrou would allow lor wheat bread, Rapid Iwking 
wUrapoil il. In Ibis you muat acquire judgment by experience. The 
IDoslesiveniLaljpoinlin Ihe making of ibedoughUlokeepit verysufL 

Bread [frieo). — A good way lo lue the yolk* of eggs when you 
have thein left nflet mtikinK ctUie wiih ihir whites, U lokcep them in 
a cool place; in the motning lieai them wrll. ami dip slii'e* ol bread 
In Ihem and fty brown. Stale bread Piay be uted lui this. 

Bread— to make. — Perplexed honaekeepers will find no trouble 
Willi Um bread apongc not rising during Um nigbi, by luing the lol- 



H-I/A T F.VF.RY OVE SftOVLO ffyOfV. 



37 



lowing mtihod: At brcokfosl Itmc. min lu-o tab!«poon(uli ol tomi, 

one ol «ui[«, nnil one of Mtlt. mid wal<l with one (iltic of bnllln|[ 

watM; whrn ixml, add a svoM f jkc. tit iln tqiiivftlcnl in jt*it, Mitl 

srl to rit« unlil niKin, When piiltinjc •>■) Ihe (liiincr polUocs. add 

oboiii len (Sirj ones, and, vflirn boiltd ;ind jMrel«ij. mash them fioc, 

Ajtil xcald nltli three quatu of wntcr. When coot, add lo (he Ant 

Riixlurc. *nd *tl in rixe until olghl. tt ii (hen ready (or unc. and 

frhnuM b« kcpl in u eniLk. not too tljthlly dated. In ji eocnpHrulivcIv 

warm piace. This vill niAkr six loavr* of hmid. and Irnvc cnou|[ti 

; la rniic (be next mixture. In makbg the bread. u«e .1 pint of the 

I mixture to each ioaf. sifilnff in the requiillc amount nl flour. oiiU 

, ktieB<llll|c to UMr, iin Dtber inftredienu beinK nccevuiri'. Mold at 

'once, itnd nUce in i!ic IsiltiiiK-puri, Sci lo rise ncjir the nave, or 

over a kettle of warm iratcr il in grv-it hiulr. and it wit! be readji to 

bake in three or foui bourt, 

Breul (Boston brown).— Two quntii o( unbolted rye meal veil 
mixed with one <iuart of yellow corn niciil. one icnspoonful salt, one 
Urice teMpoonful of noda, diiisolved in one cupful of nii>!at<4es. Wurk 
' up with cold water, with the hands, lu a \ery stiff loaf, put in a but- 
tered pan, knnoih over the Inp with the back of a spoon, wet; steam 
I At Iraai lour houii, tind thim ilry oR for twenty minutes. In the oven, 
) Thi« i« alwiivFi i:i>'"l, and U the K^nitine article. The sieainlriK is the 
Fbeii part of it. fur ilic Ioniser com and rye meals are cooked, without 
I dtyinjt, the better ihey nre. 

Bread t brown t.— Four cups of corn meal. thrt« of Ty«, one of mo- 
I In-fxet. one large te-iNpoonful o! toda dlisotved In warm wntcf . Mix 
[Very thin, iieam three houi*, .ind bake half an hour. Try il. 

Hread (brown)— Meftined. — hour cups com meal, tvio cup* Door, 
lone cup molaSRcs, iwocupasour milk, tiro aad one^half or three cupt 
Lof iwi-e( milk or water, (tome meal require* more weliinic), one tca- 
|*poonlul soda, one and one-half Icaspoonful mU: steam three »nd 
|t>iie-half or four hourl. 

Bread (rye).— Set a sponge over ni(iht, with one aipfu! T*^a»l, sin 
I poldloen Iioilird and maxhed £ne. wllh three cupluU wheat flour, one 
[pint uarin irairr. two tnh!e<-]io<jnful<i Lnrd. two tableepounfuls brown 
ItLrc.'ii. bc^it up Hell und nel il usiile lo rise; in (he morninKmix vith 
lono iiiiiirl narm milk, one teimpoonful salt, one cupful Indiiin meal, 
land enoucih rye ttour 10 make it into a pliable dough, knead well, antl 
■let it riic from 6vc 10 >W houra. then work over a^Hin: divide into 
lluaves, pultinK tlioe into well ^reawd deep pans; this sci: and ris!aj[ 
ihuuld las) an h'lur; if your ovens are in ([ood condition, one hour 
Jd hake the above quantity of bread. 
■KJUl (Scotch thorti. — One pound Hour, one-half pound butter, 
Ik ounret luijar. rrram Imllrr and ^unar togvlher. and add Ihe 
|6our; riill imr-haH inch ihifk. Ii.ikr slowly, don't bake brown. 

Bre*d (salt rising.)— Into apinLof fresh milk pour a pint of trcald- 
,lnK water, Siii in smoorhly. Ilour enough to make II a Ihtrk iHtiec, 
I at a nnilorm temperature for about »U hours, when il will ralM 




38 



WHAT EVERY ONE SHOULD JtyOW. 



waA ahould be at oticv uj«d. Sid into a bowl three auait* of flour, 
pour In the ye.isi. luid warm milk or wsicrln wei up all ihe flour. Mil 
to Iftiic. knead Sijthdy, pui into ptkna. kt It rite Hnrl ihni bKke (■ rent 
care is nccileil Ht ever]' 8l*jt*-* in ina.kliii; ihii )in:»-i: ihe yeust Hhuuld be 
UKKil )u*t whm il piusfs Ifom the snvchnfine lo the vlnuuii fermenta- 
tion, «nil before it gets the least bit sour. Jmt al Ihe same poini ilie 
railed dough miut be pul Inio the oven. The douiih thouM be a* tod 
when put into (he pan* an it can lie couvenl<-n(ly hiknilltd. Some 
kiudt of flour will nii| mitkcxfuxl 8Hlt-ri«lnKbrcMl. The dish in which 
the yea« is stirred mu*t be perfectly sweei or il will »our before il 
rlcci. There is no iweeler i.r more wholetomc bread than thin when 
li in akillfutly mAdir 

Br«ad— to kwp m»IM. — Have (he douith itill when It la 8«i for 
the last rising. The I»r);cr the proporlion of flour (n that of raotature 
in (he dough [lie longer it will keep muiit. After the bretd i* baked 
and fold, put li in a lin box ot an carihcn jar with cloce cover, and 
krrp it rovrreil lixhtly. Bread Ihua made, and kept cool, and atnaya 
from the air. will last and be molit fur u week. 

Bread (ataleV— to freshen.— 'In order ci> freshen ^laIe bread purnie 
(he (nlloirtiiK pinn. I>ip the loaf wrapped in a clean clolh into boil. 
inx water; In pl rcmiim there for half aminuie, then lake ofl the cloth, 
•ml linkr llx- U-at lor (cii miiiule^ in n (low »vi-n. 

Bread Crumbs—to utUiic.^Tlie w^utte of l)ii> til hretul in Kome 
famities is unpardonable. Every frugmcnl of cteun breiiJ, if no big^r 
than a pea, should be saved and used. If uiieniion be given to this, 
the quantity of crumbs that wouhl otherwise be watted, will anionialt 
one aha Irm ii. Ho n'>t allow the crumbt In mould: place (hem on 
aplalc in the Move oven wiih the door iiiirn. iinii] they urc nuile dr}'. 
Then roll ih« crumba. until Ihey arc ui fine »« meal, and keep in ft 
carefully cimeil vea«el: a fruit can is e.n-cllcni. Crumbs prcpoied In 
tbia way, arc usclul lo bread chops or cuilels. oystert for bi'oibnjj. 
CKI[-pUn( (or fryInK; Ihi-y make the must pe(fcr( of bread puddlnff., 
and are iinvjUalrd for sluffinic*. 

Breakfaat Di»h, — A ^uod breakfast d>«h can be prepared from the 
remains of yestenluy's dinner, vruviding that consisted tn pan of roau 
inuuon, Chop it line and put IE in a aaucepari with a cup of <if gravy 
iir of *oup stock, si'JUxm wlih pepper and khIi, arid srjiiier overit, 
MirrinKall the time ati^lupooiifol of flour;1et the ineatheKl Kradttal- 
ly and. when " lioiling hot.* ttrt the |>an on the buck part of the stove. 
and poach Fome ettgs lo serve with the meal, when the cgga are done 
put the meAl on a platlcr. and lay the eg][> around the edge. With 
tried polal<>e>, nuiftn*. and kwhI coffee, a wholesome breaJitaM may 
be provided at sniutl cxpcnM, 

DKftkfftat Hiuta.— The houtekrcper should study varleiy in ibe 
breakfasii she offers her family, not only from day lo day. bui chang- 
ing them a* much as pouible with the Reasons. The thlnns which 
are the nioM kugK^i'*''' o' comfori en a rold wtnier'a ninrninK arc by 
nu mean* templing in July, wban we need not unly lighter clothing, 




» 



WHAT KVH/tY OXE SHOULD KXOn'. jj 

_ltet food. Too ohMi the: mml lotct All rhuracict in a eon- 
'rnuiid <A M«iik or cbop«. ili<- ycHC (hrnuK'i. nnd dainty dl^m 
whii'h an- ri'iilly \^t*. c.vprnNivr ktv ixnoinl. Cold mpalianil rhlckcn 
can tasily be made inio eroquencs. or minced and well srai^nncd and 
*cfvcd oa slicei of water loosi. Eggs can be coohril in Kuch a VHiHcty 
of WBy« that one nerd ncvel lire of them, and (hr »airr mujr be >Aid 
of pnialoe*. In Ihcir seiuon. i»mui<>esti!lrediind»crvcd with Mayon 
aiM ilr«Min|[. or a Dimple dressinn of oil nnd vinegar, are very nice 
(of brcokfaic. There is no more tthol«w>me or lempiing addition to 
tlte tnornlog meal rhan fruit served ai a &nil rounic, (hii meal por- 
ildtR. loo. 14 Ml healthful nn ankle of food that it nhiiuld be uspd 
unirerailly. If il ih necesury in order to economite lime in themom- 
inf- lo lei ihc breakfnsl tabic the nijcht before, li should be corcred 
with on old linen tablecloth, or somelhinK of the kind kept for the 
pnipiite. The lea or cotlec icrvicc should be placed in n line nl onf 
end of the Ubic hcfoie ihe hoMeM: it U no lont(ercu*i<»nary lo inland 
Iheoi on ntmy. Msl», which hti' preltiett If lh«y nee pure »nd white, 
nie put at the opposite end of the table for one or moire subsIuilioJ 
dUhci. and at the sid» for vcKeiable*. A table set in this war loolu 
much belter than when the host and hoilcso ki oppasltc each other 
At the Mdet of the l«blc, nx in that m.c iilt Ihe largtcr di^he«are 
crowded in the ecnler. A fork t-houliJ bi' pluced at (he left of each 
ptate and a knife and spon at Ihe ritjhi. The lablespoons and pep- 
per and mIe stands arc arranged at ihe (''>rnei!i of Ihe table. If iniit 
which requires handling is to form the liisi couikc. as oningcg or 
peaches. A pUwtipon which U a doily, finger bowl, fork and fruit 
knife, may be set at each place. After the (luil has been removed 
ibe more substantial purl of the bre&kfiuii is brought on. The pot In 
which the coAcc is made should be of a kind which ts presentable at 
table, as the coAce itnotso good if n is ponred off the grounds into an 
nm. If it isnot pUDiablc to have ttet-m for It boilt^ milk wlih a 
•poonful of condensed milk in ejirli cup to muJce it richer is the best 
substitute. Cakes lo be eaieo with syrup should be served at the lost 
of Ihe meal, and the plates and knives and larks changed (or them. 
Il Is well to have all plates which will be needed ready for une on the 
buflet. except in winter, when they may be coniigned to the plate- 
warmer, 

Brewis. — There is uo old-fashioned dish made of brown bread 
eiosts and pieces called been is. which is very nice. Put the lUces 
' wl bread, the crusts and broken pieces into a hot oven until they ar« 
well browned, then break them and put Into a sauce pan with 
enouffb bailing milk well seasoned with salt and butler to cover the 
bread. Simmer slowly fur an hour or two, adding milk aa It boUt 
away or 1* iilworbcil by the bread. Sen-c hoi. and you will have a 
wlicde^onir ^i^il |>;ilH(Ltt>Ir<:]Hh. 

Britaitnia Metal— to clcui. — i. Kub the article with a piece of 
(lanncl moistened with «weel oil; then apply a little pounded rotten- 
tlooe or polishing paste wiih Ihe finger till Ihe palish is produced. 



4a WIlA T F. VER Y QS'E SHOULD KNOW. 

thco wash ihr articlp with soiip and hui waler. an<l vhm drr. fuh 
with soft wash Icatbrt, and a ItUlc fine wlliling. 

3. To clcnn britunnin mctat. xok finely pondeted whilliiK, Iwo 
lBble9i|«M>iiluli) <A iLvtcfi oil and n Utile yellow iioa|i, Mtx with hpiriis 
i>fwi:)cinii cream. Rub r>n with a »poni[e. wipe n(I n-ith a »o[t 
ctnlh and )>oli9h with a chamois ^kin. 

Brosd cloth— to remove Btaiiis from. — Take one uuikc of pipe- 
clay lh;it lio^ been ground fine, and mix It with (Helve dro|)it ii( alco* 
hoi. and the Mime quantity of «plrt« of turpentine. Moisten a little 
of this miiitire with atcnhol. *nd nili it iin the itpiilB, Lei it rrniBln 
till drv. then rub ii off n'iih a woolen clcilh, and the spoil vill dJMp- 
pel 

BronchitU aod Asthma Specific— An unfailing: t-uutce of relief 
fioni the HKiiniei ol briinchiti* and apoamoilic a«thinn will Iw fi>und in 
the fullou'inK specific; The juice of two lemonM. which have been 
warmed in llie oven to dry (he skim, (wur ounce* of the bc»t honey, 
two tpoonlulu of the very finest Florence oil. Mix carefully, put in 
an earthen jar. which keep covered, and swaIIoii a tponnful when 
you feel the 'it cominjj oo. 

Bronie for BtaAi.—Take ooe ounce uf muriate of acnmonia. half 
on ounce of alum, and a quarter of an ounce o( araenlc. dissolved In 
> pint of iicroog vinegar. This will make a good bronie for bra«8 
work. 

BrooiBfl — care of. — A larxe pinure rinR screwed into the top oT 
the handle. Is the nicest ihinn made by which to hant; up a broom. A 
Mrong screw, with a small head, should be placed In the wall At a 
pioper heluhl lf> receive it. 

Braonia — to toughen. — If brooniH are wet In iMiling suds once a 
week they will be-.orne very t<iut;h, will nut cut a tarpct, will last 
much lonjjer, and always sweep like a new bfoooi. 

Bronchocclc— to cure— Iodide of poiaiilum (often called hydiio- 
dale of poiiuht. luo dianih; i<id]|ie. one iliam; water, (wo and a half 
ounces: min and shuke h few mlnllle^. anil jioiir a little inl<>aphial for 
intcmal use. Dose, five to ten drops befutt^ each meal, tti he (aken 
In a lilllc water. External apjiiicaiion. With a feather, wet the en- 
larged neck, from the oiher tfitk, ni^ht and morning, until well. It 
will cauM [hci kiaif kkin l-i [>erl •'■) >cvri.tl times before the cure In 
perfect, learinjt it tciidci; but dii ii'ii imiil il\c applicaiinn mote than 
one day bi most, and you may rest auured of a cure, if » cure can b« 
[lerformeil 1>y any meads whatever. 

Bugs— todri*e Crora vtnc«,~AOich moUiencd with kerosene arc 
recommended for kecpiinK sliipcil tn«"» from cucumbcm, melon uad 
squash vintt. 

Bulbs— to hasten the blooiataE of.— DiMulve twelve ounces of 
nitrate of pij|jj,h. four ounces of common salt, three ounce* of pearl- 
•hh. Ave ounci-s <if moi^t fcugar in one quart of rainnnlcr. and tliM 
a dcscrt-spiionful 'A Ihi* Itijuid into the llower-gla». which should bo 
er.cd with soil water so as noi ijuUe to touch the buih, Change th« 



wit A T B VBft Y Oy-B SHOULD A'XO tr. 



4t 



wjkirr. mid add tK>ni« more of lUc llqulii cvriy nine it*yt. In chatiit- 
iiiE the waif r no not remove the bulb, liut mcretr tilt the gilax* on tine 
Hide. 

Bulbi — nunure for.— AnouiKcof nlltatc ii( loda diumlvtil in four 
gnllons «( water ii^ it quick and K"od i^tlmuliuit fur biitlu. to be ap- 
plied twice .1 verk aflrr lli? puis uii- lllird wllh lootit, and lln^ llower 
•pikes are (iiirly viMlilr. A larce biiridful of snil. or alHxit ■ pint, 
tied up in a piece o( old c^nviu. and immersed in the satne quanliiy 
ai wntcr for ■ dav iir tiro, will (umi.ih a safe and excellent »tiinulaot; 
bI«o teaod aail mm !« > qiuuier of a pound ol con manure mixed In a 
Untn K&rden pot of traier, and u«ed ati required. Anjr of iheac xiiin* 
u)iiiii« nil) [['• s'hkI. ur the whole of thern applied alternately will 
licrni-Ii: liulht ihai need more siuteniUire Ihan tor soil allordB. 

Bunion Remedj. — Runioni mity lie checked in (hetr carter devel- 
opnimt liy liindiiiK iIk* joint iiith aillioivc pljuter. and keeping It on 
ft* lonK ii» '"T iiiicH»ine»* i» fell. The Vjandaxion tihould be |ierfect, 
and it iniKbt l>e well to extend it round the fool. An inflamed bunion 
should be poulticed, and larger shuci be worn. Iodine, twelve grains; 
lard or iiiercnacetl ointment, half an ounce, makes a capital oinlmcnl 
for buDi<:'n>, It ihould be rubbc<l on gently [wire nr three timet a 
day. 

Bunion Cure. — Bunions may be curiid by applyinK iodine, freely, 
twice a day, with a feather. For etire of corns or chilblains the Kanie 
Is recommendcil. 

Burns snd Scalds. — The followioK has been tedled in the Mverest 
CMCS of burning and scatdinij from railway and slcambout accidents: 
Glyeeritie. five ounce*; while of ejEg. four ounces; tincture of arnica, 
three ounceii; mix tbe fllycerinc and white of egg thoroughly in b 
mnrtar and Kradually ndd the arnica. Apply freely on linen rafa 
nieht and m(>rninK, previously wa»hinK with warm caMile ««ap.«uds. 
In urt-ent taies. if nuthing better can he had, einp on a mud poultice, 
a favorite and very cKectual remedy with schoolboys who are stung 
while making war on horoeti' ncsta. 

Buni»-.«*ii*r»l nintdlts tor.—i. Some few years tiincc I acci> 
denalty found thai m poultice of tea leaves, applied to small burnt and 
ualds. afforded imtnediute relief, and 1 detcnntned to give it a more 
extensive trial when opportunity should present, which soon occurred. 
It was in a caM of a child fourteen month* old. Upon exuninBtlon I 
lound the anteiior portion of ihi; D<»ty. anns and leg* blistered and 
dcFplii tiurniMl fram a kettle ol hot water which the child had up«eC 
upriii itself. The case, to say the least, was unfavorable for the »u<- 
ceni -if any remedy. I prepared a large poultice, «>llening tbe leave* 
with hot wntcr, and, while yet quite warm, applied It upon cotton 
woo) over ibe entire burned Mirlme. Almntil like niajtic the »ullcr- 
Ing abated and. without the uite uf any other anodyne, the child soon 
(ell int<ia<iLiet sleep. In a few hours 1 removed the application, 
■nd re-apptlcd it where It was necessary. I found the parts dis- 
colored and appArcmly tanned. The acute »ensibilily and tender ncM 



49 



WHAT EVERY OXE SHOULD KNOW. 



: 



haJ tirurt)' iliMppCAmI, and the lillle patient puMil Ihrouffi the 
Kctoiid and third BtagM undei i*i niore farorable circiuniiuncM 
(sytnptoins) thko was at first anticipated, making a recovery in about 
two ircrk*. 

3. Guihrr Kome tarcc. white lilicft. lake thr white leavri or |ifta!ii 
of the flower, and put them in h jur cuntainiiiK oIir« oih tibiie it, and 
keep it fnf use II ii belter old, and it will Keep lor ircars. When 
waaicil, take a leaf or tiro, according lo the liic ■>! the burn, and put 
it, irell cuverril with the oil. on the burn; renew, ai htxt often, as the , 
oil is noon abKirbed; llieo at longer inlefvalt lill healed, 

3. A pieee of ve|{eUble charcoal laid on a burn at once inultu the ' 
pain, and if kept applied for an hour cures it completely. 

4. Sulphaie of Iron haa been tried by M. Joel, in ihe children'* hot- 
piul. I.DuMnne. France. In Ibis Cbm a child. fLiut year* of aj(e. had ^ 
liceii exieniivcly bninl; HUppuratloD waa abundani. and tio oUcntivc, 
tbat they ordered lh« child a tepid ba,tli,coniatning a couple of pinches , 
of s^ulphaic of Iron. This gave immcdUle reliel to ihe pain, and be- , 
laj( repealed itrlceaday — twenty minute* uch bath — the nuppu ration 
decreased, luat itn nlcir. and the iblld was toon cnnvalcMcnt. 

%. A deep or a superficial Ijum cxIendliiK over a lar^ suifacc, 
■hould be bathed with sweet oil. or equal part* of sweet oil and lime 
water or cream. \ simple burn may be treated with cloths wrung 
out in warm »oda water. Dry applicnllons may be made. 11 aivro 
convenient, of flour luwdeted starch or lullerVeanh In any caaa 
let Ihe dresiings remain until [he bum healu, unte» ii ii absolutely 
neccMary to remove them. 

6. Bicarbonate of soda— which is simply the rooking soda found ia 
every kilchon — is a new reineily lor burns und acalds. The injured part 
should be moistened, dry powdered soda sprinkled on it, and the 
whole wrapped in a damp cluih. Th« relief is often inilanuneoiis. 

7. For burn* and scalds noihini; is more soothing than the white 
of an ciiK, whith may be (luuicd ever Ihe wound. It is softer ais a 
varnish li>r a butn Ihan collodion, and being kiways at band cm be 
applied immediuiely. It is also mure cooline than the sweet oil and 
cotton which was formerly so pposetl to be the sureil application to 
aJ lay the smart Ing pain. It is the contact with the air which gives 
Ihe extreme discomfiiri eipetienced from the ordinary accident <i( 
this kind, and anythinn which exctudeo the air and prevents inflam- 
mation is Ihe thini; [0 be applied. 

%. When conking, yi>u often bum youi Angers or arrab. and there 
ia not lime to lurn lu tie them up. Take a piece of hard soap, ana 
dipping it in naler. rub il »vcr the •'put. Continue I') d» Ibis two or 
three times until the surface id Ihotiiughly covered, it will be found 
lo alTiMd great reliel. Or you may dip your burned hand in Ihe sofi- 
suap bucket and hold il there a few minutes, and you wili capcri 
•ace Ihe same relief 

9. Tho trim ph]raiot(i|{icaI way uf trceitinf burns ur scalds is to al 



WtlAT EVERY OKU SHOULD KNOW. 



4J 



vn<e c^«1uiJr ihtr iiir with eallon iHUtliiit, llour. »craped potitlo, or Miy- 
ihini; llul is hnnilitM. 

BuraingOil— test for. — He»l water iti n poi on (he fire lo out 
luimlriil iinil (ntnty ilegrco Fahrenheit. Take n tin and put In It a 
iMblesii'itinful 1)1 llir oil you wish l<i tote, place ihc lin f.nlaininK Ihe 
<ijl in ihc hoi water, let il cfhiI clown lo tine hniKlrcd unil tircire de. 
f,Ttv. Fihrcnileil.when Bt this pdint, npprooth n lijfht very cnutiouily 
i-'W.iril i)ic oil, uivl if [I toket nre tiefnre (he light tmicha il you will 
tiC snff in rriediiiK ll. 

Business Infonnatioa. — Demaii<l nuien nre iKiyiiblc on prr ten tat ion 
without grace, and hear legal jnieresi. uftet a demand hai been made. 
if QUI HO written. The pccientalion or demand mnsi 1>e made ni the 
placo where the note i* payaUe, if nioicd: if not tialnl, at the niakrr'ft 
place of bujjoesi, within busincM hours; »houlil he have no |)l»cc of 
DusIflcM, Ihca nt hii residvnce. 

An endor^r on a demand note ii holden only fur a limited time, 
VAtfuhle in dillererit Mates. 

II time or payment ii not slntod in a note, it Ih held ijnyabte on do- 
mand. 

A n-Koiiablr note muH be made pavable riller lo bettrer. or be 
properly ondorwcl by the person tn whose order it U made. If Ihe 
endorser wishes to avoid responsibility, he can cnilonic " wiih'xil te- 
courw." 

A joint note is one signed by two or mure persons, who each hc- 
cnmp liable (c>r tlic whole amouni. 

Three duys' ^race arc allowed on all time dotes, after the lime \m 
pttyment expires; if not (hen paid, the endurMT, if any. should be lo> 
({ally notified. Id be holden. 

Notes falling due Sunday, or on a legal holiday, mux be paid the 
day previous. 

Notes dated Sunday arc void. 

Notts gi»-cn by minors are void. 

Alterinjt a note in any manner by the holder makes it void. 

The maker ol a n^ic that is loi-i or Nioirn It not released troni pay* 
mem ii the amount and consideriilkin eiin be proven, 

Notn obtained by fraad. or given by an intoxicated perwn, ciuitlol 
be collected. 

An cndorMrr ha* a rij(ht of action aiiainiii nil whnac names were 
previoiifily <»n ii notr ri*dorHril,by him. 

Butter Jar~tocleaa>e.— Take clabber milk and beat it; then uw 
the hot irhey. Tbcre will be no need u( soap, as the whey kills Ihe 
grease, Afleruard wash tn water. 

Butter—how to make.— Hit Mure the pasture i* of ihe bMi, and 
that il contains a variety of the sverlest grosses. Do nut change 
from winter (i-od tu spring pasture ton suddenly, and. particularly, 
do not iiirn oui your cow* iiro early to shift f«r ihemsrlvct. 

Let Ihe Riilkirijc be done by (|uiei persons, ivhclher mule or female 



44 



H'//AT EVEiti- OXE SHOULD KNOW. 



M regular limci momlnx of evening, knowing aliro)*! itut ihc mitk. 
0|C In <i>ii<lavlr<l at cIciinTy <» It i* quietly. 

Know Ihul ihr iiivniiils tor holding Ihc mrik arc of llw btrit Uiscrip- 
tiun and alanyi ncmpuloiwly cleui. 

Sec Ibnt the nitik in pcrfectljr coolnl lo irec it o( animal otlor. A 
ihcnnoiDclcr Xt. nn nbsolutc ii«<«mlty In all well rrKulntril <Liiries. 

Be suf the TiHnn for aclliiiK milk Is <uo1, And (»■ it majr be diuk- 
cned ul vilL Tlioruu)cti ventilation i« one u( (he Kolden rules in 
dairying. The temperntufc of the dairy room should never be mofc 
than ilxlj dcRieei. oor leu ihAn (oriy dcRrccii. 

Skim ihc milk a> toon uk (he litM imllcatiim ol itrllinK thick from 
topper are shown. Turn llie cieain slowly inln the ;ur, and ailr 
thoruuKhly when more ctcani is added. Keep the receptacle for <lic 
cccam cool, frojn bixj \» si.tly degree*, nnd cover with some (nbrica 
that will keep out minute insecti. and at the name lime Atlovr nccTta 1 
fA air. 

Churn when (be cream is ripe, that is. when the cream is sour, 
every day in spring, and cvtrv day in'summer. Do not allow the 
cream in the churn to rise much above nxiT degrees. Do not <hurn 
loo fast. There Is nothing gitloed by scekfiiK to bring (he buiier In u 
few minulM. From iwemy lo thirty tninutct> ik alioui Hk'x. 

Good gran wiU make nice colored butter. At such seasons, when 
the color of butler Is pale, use coloring carefully. It is better (hat 
buitei' be rather light than a dark yetlow. 

When the butter curae* In granules, stop churning. Wavh with 
cold water or cold brinci woik oaly enough to brins it ti> .i firm uni> 
fuim ma». Do not salt heavily; irum (hree-iiuarters li> one ounce 
of Ktti to a pound of butter i» cnotigh. 

I'ack In (ighl. clean, sweet piullagcK: fill lo within a half Inch <if the 
top, cover Milhudean cloth, and add brine to Alt until sold. Keep 
it in Iho ciH>lc*i place yuu have, and there vt nr> reason why you 
ahould not )[cl the top price for your butter. 

Butter- to colo«.— Asa rule, ii it absolutely essential in the winter 
to co1"[ buiirr In »(di-r tt> mrikc it m.trkcul>lc, or tx all siitactive »• 
an article (if i,ibie U)re ax livme. 'I'liero may be A poMlblo exception 
to this rule, in caies where cows arc fed liirgoly upon yellow com 
pumpkint, carrou.ctc.. but this docs not lessen tne importance of tK. 
rule. Uf the variou* %ubi'i>inm tiscd in coloring butter, we tbink ihai 
mrrolB (of the deeji yellow variety} give the incmt nniuriil color »nd 
most agteeuble flavi>r. Annalli>, however. i<i |irinci[iiill)* used, and 
must siiiisfac lory results. If carrots are used, lake luo lurge-wred 
'j»ev, (lenn theni thoroucht)-. and then with a. knife scrape off the 
yclN'W cilerior, leaving the white pith; soak the yellow port in boil- 
ing milk for ten or fifteen minuted. .Strain boiling hot into the cream; 
this givca the cream the de«tred lempertkturv, colon iC oicely, and 
Adds to the sweetness of the butter. 

Butter and Eggs— to preserve.— To three gallons ol brine, strung 
enough III tx-HT i.t\ egg, aidd x quarter of a pound of nice white y\xp.t 



)I'/W /■ KVEH Y Oh^M SHOULD K^'OtP. 45 

ftdduni' tji!i1»pooiitu1ofwl(petei. Roll ihe brine and iilratncu«ftiU]r. 
Mukr yiiui Iiiiiiri jii foils Snil wniii rMCli iti ft clc&n muslin, irlttg Bp 
Willi a HtriiiK, puck in ii jar, wciKi" d<>"*n. asiA ixmr on ihe brine. In 
th[> way iiuiter will keep a year. Eeg* I keep till I k'I ihr«^ i?r four 
dolcn. pul them in n wire poll (mrEiu 1 u»e (or cookiliie pciutoe*), 
dip It In and out ot boiling water three llmct. lity them t>n the tuble 
on a cloth for an hour or two, the puck in l. hox in tiran. If there are 
any iliin shdlcd ones they will cntck when pm di|i them in ihc water; 
those 1 pul aside fur early use. 

Butter— wilbout ice. In fwnnjeiiwhcre thedoiryti small. uRood 
pinii It) have the hvitirr cool and firm nlihuul ue is by the proccw al 
evHpi>i;iiii;n. Hx |>iiirlii:eil in Indiii ami niher warm cuunliies. A cheap 
plan t« to icel a very txiKe'^iinl, piinxis. earl hen Hiiwei .(xil. wilh » 
lance Bauver. Half (ill ihe saueer wilh waier, set it in a irirel or lii{h[ 
iliind— sueh as iii used fur holding hoi irons will do; upun this »ct your 
butter: ottr the whole invert the flower-pol. letting the top rim of ii 
reM in unil lie cuvrreil l>y Ihc wnler; then clone the hole in Ihc Iwllom 
of Ihe llcmrr-pi'l willi a H'liV: Ihtn iliish wMer over Ilic ll<jwc.-r-pi>l. 
and repeal the proccu several limes a day, or whenever il louks dry. 
If «el in a coo: place, orwhere ihe wind ran blow on il. it will rc^tdily 
cvaponue ihc^ wntet fmm Ihe pnl. and the buller will Li: n* litra and 
cool as il ffint Hn ice-bouhe. 

Butter— to cure.— Take two parti of fine *all, one part loaf sugar, 
one part »altpeici ; mix compteiely. U»e oncounecof this mixiuteto 
earh p»iinil ol titillci; wurk well. Bury your bu Iter hrkint In the 
canh in your cellar bullom». i-i\i<t nriirly Icveleii with ihc i-round. or 
more away in ■> very cool ptuce. ciiveriii)C lh(> butler wilh a clean cloth 
and a »irans btine on top.and ii will keep two years if desired, 

Buttct— hard iii hot weather. — A simple mode of keeping bulier 
In warm wejilhei ii> to invert a large crock of earthen, or a llower-pot 
if need be. (vaiyine wilh Ihe Mie <'I Ihe vetitel cuniuininj; the buiier.) 
over Ihe diih or firkin in which ibe Iniiter is held. The puruusnessof 
the canhenwore will keep the butter cool, and all the more »o if the 
pot be u rapped in a wet ctolh, with a lilllc walcr In the dish wilh the 
butter. Not ibepof'iuiy ol the earthenware, but the lupid almoipiioii 
of heat by external evaptiialiini imubch Ihc butter to become bard. 

Butter, CreAin, Milk— to preserve.— Bu iter, cream, milk and 
flour are peculiarly liable lu abi>arb efHuvia. and should, iheicfore. 
never lie kept in mouldy taomH. m plaeeil where there are tiinit 
liquid!), iitomjlic reliable* Much as uniunH. cabbaue, and lurnipK. 
or smoked fish or bacon, ot, indeed, any kind of food or thoie of 
strong odor, letil they lose their flaeor. Bui. alas, how much more 
csaeniial U <I. Ihai the iiimo*i care lie used in the prohibition of bcd- 
Mde food and drink in ibc nursery and the siek room; a practice 
fraught with conslani danger lo the sick, and of spreading disease lo 
the well, 

ButURiii*lr~'ltMa of.— Buttermilk Is ipod, especially in fever. a« 



■m 



U^tlA r Kt'AkV OXE SftOt/Ui A-A'0lf. 



UMtlcle ofdict. A cup of (tcih biittcrmitli rvtry ii»j it a cure fot 
Hvcf complain!. 

ButUrccotch. — Take nac pound of Kiigar, thfcc-quarlers of a plnl 
af valcr. and ict ovrr a kIiiw Aic; whrn dime, add one anil n half 
latilcspoonfulii of liulicr uikI Innuii-juicc tu HiLVor, 

Butterfly— to take tbe impreMioa of.— IUvIiik iak«n a butierSy, 
kill It wlihoui tpoitiac ill winK*. which cuntriretonprcod out as regu- 
larly ati poxaitile la a flying puiltlon. Then wilh a sniall hruih or 
pcni-il, lake a piece of white paper, natti a )iiill of It with ([Uin-water 
a little thicker than onlinary. so thai it may easily dry, Adcrwsiil, 
laying your bullcrHy on the paper, cut off the liuclyclusetuthc win 
and, IhrowinK It away, lay the paper on a tmouih hoard, wiih i 
fly upward; and UylnK aoDibcr paper over thai, put the whole prep- 
j^ation into a •crew pr«M and irctcw down very hard, kiting it re- 
main under that preMurq for hall an hi>ur. Afterward lake off the 
wings o( the butterfly. »nd you will fitid a perfect impresiionof ihem. 
with all ihclr variuut color* marked diMindly. rcnuininn on the pa- 
per. When (his la done, draw between the W]n|fa of your ImprcMlon 
the body uF Ih« butterHy, and color it after the insect iDrrlf, 

Broochilia— treatment of.^tiei from the druK|;i->t'B a little good 
wood creostiie, I'ui two tlrofp* o( ii Inio a bottle holding a, tiinlor 
o. I'our In A lllllc mure than holt a pint of clear w<Iei, and thakc 
ll well; fihakc well alwayi bef"rc uiing it. Take a mouthful o( 
liiiii. Ihruw the head liack. Kuriilc it b»R)o lime in the throat, and 
then swallow it. Repeat thia every two hours, mure ur Icsi, ao j 
to vac ap the liquid within twenty-four honri. For each nibtcqu 
twentylour huurii. use three drops of the creoioie in three id foil 
^tls of wilier. Thi« three dropi a day may be continued as lon_ 
aa any broiichili* nppc^in. Two to four da yn ia usually enough.^ 
ihouKh i< ni''>' be •:v>iil!iiu«l indelini'ely without harm. 

Cabbage Grubs — lodeslroy.—^\'hileKrubI at the root of cabbages 
may be iJr»irii)'cd n- iMltum,; LooMn the earth doacio the root wlilia 
a hoe, even ni.! niii' h .k I<' disturb the plant a little. Make a solutiun'i 
of one quart of st.<tl soap to twelve ol lolt water, and pour about tbe 
rout in cloic conlati wilh the planl. One-fourth of a pint of this so- 
lution to a pUnt two or three time* during the ncaion it sufficient. 
Weaker Buds poured on (he top would dcMroy the gie<n worm, 

Cftbbace — made digestible. — Cabbune in made dJKestiblc by fir*t 
•lidn)(. and ihen putlini; in boUing water, with a pinch of soda and 
aome aali, and boiling just hfteen minutes. 

Cabbage — fcftilizcr for.— "I am convinced after aei-eral yean' 
trial, (bat e«libaKr tr>iiiiri-» rich manure, ami it pay* when stable or , 
barn-yard manare is lich in itMtf to add »>>me suJi material «a bone- 
duit or lupcrphaipfaaie to grl moie nitrogen aud phosphoric acid. 
Early klndi nj cabbage. I also think, requires ricfaer sow than later 
koru 

Cabbace lR*di~to pickk.— -Strip off the outer leavcf, wipe and 
sUco a lino wjund rahbiMCe <*f lwy> eatrrmejy Ihin. sprinkle pl«nty oJ 



ti'//^r£i'£xv ojVE snoui.n know. 



4T 



over lh«tn, and let them dnto In a *kv«, or on « uralner for 
twelve bouTt or iaor«: shAhe oc picM the moUtun from tbcro, pui 
them into clean itonc jurH. and cm'iT Ihcni urti uiih (dM vinr|;Ai. in 
iTh.ii:h all ounce of Mack pcppec lo llic <iuHn h(i« ticcn builcil, Siinic 
pcDpIc mcrclj- cover the vegetable "iih strong, unboiled vinegaj. but 
(hi« is noi I.O well. 

Cabb*gi»— to preserve — Generally a celUr l> a very poor place In 
•M\\\r.\\ lo winter cubbjiKc, In moiC casu collam atveiilirt tcio dump or 
loo warm lo secure jufit the conditions needed, and conicquenlljr llin 
cabb)L|;e« wion dccav, or become flabbjr aod willed— Iherrby bein^ 
very p«or Iti lljivor. Make a frame of boards, like a hot-bed fnune. 
bnnkioK upc»(lh vii ihc outside. haviniE It *U feel wide and of any 
length nereoMiry, and into this lran*plant the CMbbaKc* about Ihc lait 
of October, in uur northern New England climate. Cover this with 
lioardK. and over Ihc whole pack Mean or leaves. kceplriR It in p1ar« 
by mcani of siript ol jolcc or xaket. Another nicihod it to open a 
trench a Ui-\ \Wvyi iinil afoot wiilc. into whi'^hplari^ the cubbajic. heads 
downward, and lorrr Ihe earth well over them. Over the earth heap 
leavea. liller or straw, and frorn both puMtioni the rabbasei mny be 
removed during early winter as wanted for lue, or they cnn be kept 
In cither position until April or May, when Uiey may be hod for tprinit 
lue. CalibBKet thus kept will vintor finn and solid, of Kfx.r& lla- 
vi>[, and when taken out will be in p>od condition (or cooking, by 
first placing tliem in cold irnter for no hour or two before coofcing. 

CitbbafC'-lo pickle.— Cut the cabbage very fine, and for a six 
gallon jar take n pint cup niratly full ol sntt. the same amonnt of 
horactadish (rut up in iimall pin-i-x) .iit<! two hrapini; tahle^imiinfulM 
of white mustacil seed. Sprinkle » little milt in the bolioin of Ihe jar. 
then put in a layer of cabbage and wiihapotalomnsher pound the cab- 
bage dovn firmly. Then i^prinkle on some salt, radish and muatard 
Reed. Then put In anolhei layer of cabbB|{e and proceed as before, 
Banirotogive cvcr^- layer of cabbage a kockI (horouKh pnunding, 
Wlien your jar in full put an inverted plate on the c.ibl>aRe, and on 
thai put ■ twenty potind veight. Let it stand until next morning, 
then drain off every bit of Ihe brine that has formed (the amount of 
brine will supprlte j'ou). and pour over the cabbage elder vinegar, 
boiling hoi. Riktht here, let nie Miy. that It KpniU vinegar i» heat it 
in iron: ■■>« a porcelain kettle or a itune mill: rrock. Leave the plate 
on the cabbage to keep it from lloaiiag. fur it must be kept under the 
vlnesai , Tie Mvcral thicknesses of cloth over the top of the jar, 
then cover rloncly and set away In a cool place. Some place in the 
cellar Ihat n just above the freciing [Hiint is br«t for it. 

Cake Baking Hints. — When cakes are made without yeast or 
eggs, soda sod powder being the subtiituies. they retguirc qukk 
baking In a moderately hot oven, and should he drawn directly 
when Ibey are done, or they |[Ct dry and lastelcsK, Kor a plain cake, 
made with one pounil <•' flour, etc. the time to be allowed in baking 
would be from tony to fifty minutes, at the outside not more than an 




hour, Ycasi Mkcs Ulte Uinitcr— ««)■ horn ten to fi(lc«ii minutes — and 
wit) bear [o he left in th« ov«i railier or«t the lime wiihoul muth In- 
jury. Vcrr rich cokes, in which butter and eggx picdumln^ic, iHkr. 
ol course, > much longer time to conk; jiound cdkc tttklnjc (loin un 
hour *nd a baU to two hourr, a^nd bride cnkr ihrrc und a Imlf, On 
no Bcrounl Hhould Ihe i>i-en be too hot whni the cnket iire pu( In— 
that is, not hoi enough lo lirnwn 31 once; if »i>. In five minuics ilie 
whole outiide will be burned, and ibe interior will lund lltitc chauic 
of bcioK enakcd. The old plan of feeling the handle of thruvcnj 
door to test Ihe he^i it not fuccrMfut; it I* belter ii> niirinklc a liltia 
Hour intiide, and &hui the dour fi>t al)<>ut three niiniiteo; if at the end ' 
of thai time il it of a rich, li^ht lirunn. the culce niu>' be put in, bui If 
burned, the heal muM ArM be lesirncd. in makinK cake In roUl 
weather, hmi the mixing bowl In hot water, and [ben bcai tbr buiicr 
tuu cre»m: add the sugar and then (he egg*, whkli h.iic been well 
beaten; add Ihe other ingrcdicntH excepting Ihe Hour; ndd the flour 
1a»t, lifting it over the mixture. In ei'erything excepting pound 
cak* beat Ihe eggK whole; in pound <al:e beat Ihe whlici and yolkaJ 
WpMatrly. Mbs Partoa always u«n poetry Iluur for cjke. If viVl 
flavoring n la be added it *houlil be put in when the butler iindl 
ougar arc put toKcthei. The mure ■tirring given ihe mixture Ihef 
liighlcr it will be. u it will cunta,in more air. Cake is apt to be lough ' 
If it I* iiirrcd much after ihe flour is added. 

CakeiCoffM].— Mix well together one cup sugar, one cup ntoliuaea, 
one cup butter, ona ciu> of ttrung coffee Jis ready fur the Itibk, four 1 
well beaten eggi; Btir Into UiaAve cupaol lluur. in which a teaspoon:*] 
tul of aodaha* been tncorponued, and flnalty aVup of chopped 
riJtina or English curruita, aud bake In one of iwo pons In « hot 
oven. 

Ctike (Ctaocolatei. — Take eight eggs, one pound •>( Migar. half 
pound of flour, the grated rind and juice of nlctnon, and a quarter 1 
a pound of butter. Beat the whites of the eggs to a stiff froth, creonl^ 
the butler with half Ibe sugar; when the j'otln nie beaten llchL irlif 
the real of Ihe sugftr. add the buitcr. tlicn Ihe stiH whiles, and nnallf' 
■tir the flour in tlowly; teasun, and bake in nniod. Khiillow tin, cnlled 
Jelly-cake pons. Now for Uie caramel. Half tt pound of chucoliite. 
one and a halt pounds of sugar, quarter of a pound at butter, one 
IMtCupful Mi rccHm, or rich milk; boll ten or Iwclva minutes; odd a 
'tCMpoonful of vanilla. When neatly cold, spread lietwccu Uycrs <i( 
the cike, as you would jelly, sift powdered white sugar ovn the top. 
and It Is ilone. Il surpaises fruit cake, equals cocoa.nut cake, and 
puts pound cake to ihc btush. 

CaM (CocoM-nutf.— Take two cupful* of sugar, four eggs, two 
tablespoon fulH of butter, half a cupful of sweet milk, one teospooulul 
of soda, two of cream tartar, and iivo eupfuls of flout. Beat yolkk, 
sugar and bulier to a cTeam: b«al ibe white* of the eggs, and ndd Ihc 
Uh tUogbelorc baking. Bake in five layers. Tokeonetableapoou- 
ftti of com starch, make at (or iianh by pourlr>« on boiling water. 



WHAT EVERV OXS S/fOUtD XWOtt'. 



49 



nn[U 1l tbIckraR'. twectcD. taxot. spread between the tavcn wha 
cold, BDil H]>r<itkir on corna-nut; alio »pnMul over the lop o) the caIw. 

Cike (Buffalo CreuB). — One <up ol kUKur. one UbiMpoonful of 
baiter, one egg, iwu.thinjs cup <if itweet milk, one and tiro-lhlrds of 
flour, Aiid two tciuipoonfuli of baking powder. 

C'f-"t/of Catf. — Hulfnplnt of xwcct milk, iwn eic^, twa tabte- 
tpounfutsof suK"r. one iT-MiKtOnful n( ^ukIi, two talilctpuonfulR of 
flour and flavor lo Uste. Scald Ihe milk, hral the r>:Kt (rollc» »nd 
irhiies xcpBjalcly). augar, March niid flour lojjeiher, boil until it 
forms * cuiitanl, and spread bclvcen the layen. 

C*ka (Cup). — (>«« cupful of butter, two of tugar, three and a. half 
of flour, one of milk, (ivi; ckk* — ilic whltra of two bcinijlcft out — nn« 
Icoipooalul of crrutn of tHitar, and i>ite>half a leuipounful of soda or 
one-bnlf of baking powder. Beat the butter to a cream. Add the 
BUKor. Rraduatly, then the eggs, well beaten, the milk, next ibc flour, 
in which the *i>dA and cream of tartar have been mixed. Bake Id 
two sheets tor thirty minulrt \a. a modefair oven, Th« (ro«(in|{ \a 
made of the white of one e)£g. one Icsspoonful uf powdered sumr. 
oneiablespooafulof lemon juice. Put lh« white of an egsJna bowl, 
add the tugar by degrees, beating with a spoon; When all tuu bcco 
added, «lr In the Ictnon Juice, If the egg l« lar^e use a full cup of 
eugai. and if Binall, a Hcanl cujiful. 

Cake (Cream). — Two eggs, two tablespoonfuls of water, two tea- 
sprxinluls of baking powder stirred in a cup of Hour, stir two-thirds of 
a cup 'il xuKH' in«' the we'll beaten yolks and add water and flour, 
then whitcft ticaicn sliS, bol(« la two pie lin» riifhc or icn minum. 
This never (Ails, and \t cxcollent tor jelly cake, 

Crimu.—Ont: egg, one-hiJf cup of sugar, small piece of butter, otie- 
half pint of milk, when boiling odd one table* poonful of com stordi 
previously slirml in cold milk, itlr till free from lumps. 8c carejal 
not to scorch. When cool. lUvor and aprcad beiweon the layer*. 
Set in a damp, cool place. 

C«ke <SpoaEe),~Bcatiwoegg]iln acoflcccup until light, and then 
H 11 the cup with sweet cream; add one Cup of sugar, onc-balf ten. 
tpoonfut of Nod*. one of (team of lartu. and one and one-half cup 
of flour. Should sour cream be umd, omit the cream of tartar. 

Cake (Com Staxdi), — One cap of sugar, one and one-foiuth of a 
nip of butler, beat to a cream, add two eggs, one-half cupful o' corn 
starch, iwo towpoonfuUof baking powder, a half cupful o[ milk, one 
cupful of flour. 

Cake (Ever; Da]r>.— One-half cupof butter beaten with one cup of 
(brown or while) "ugar, add one cup of sour or butlennllk. one twh 
spoonfut of soda atirred in tho milk, one tenspounfu] of cassia and 
naime^. two cups of flour, and one large cup of raisins chopped and 
rolled in flour. Biike ilosrly. 

Cake— without eggs. — Two-thirds cup of sugar, one-third cup of 
butter, two'ihlidk cup of sweat milk two cup* of fiour, one teaspoon' 



go ty/fA T EVES V OJfE SHOULD KNOW. 

ful of cream o( lartar, and ofl«-halt taapoonful of soda, Flavor to 
Iwic. This &tx% very well when eggs are forty tenu a do»en. antl 
ni>i lit 111- foumi HI Ihki, 

CakeiFJg).— Thtcc-quurlers cupijf Iniiirt, two ciip* of HUCaT. one- 
half cup oi niilk. ihree cupi of putiry lliiur. tbo whilrn v( mx «icff!>, 
one (cupoonful of bakiiiK poirclcr, one of ihe csience of Itmon, Mix 
in the usual way and bake in itic >hccii Ihc bime tu for Wnatiingion 
plea. The IIIIinK (• timilc ••( one ruplul of stoned rniiini eliii]>prij 
Vfry fine, one pound of tgfl lioiM hall an hiiur and choppcil wiili the 
raisins, one Xaxigt cup of sUKat, the juiw of one lemon, Thii veil 
mixed ii lo be nprcod between the sheets of cake. Before stoning 
the rainlns, scold them, and they will mone much CMJer. If there i* 
any wAirr left aflrrbolUnu Ihc Dfs uhc It In chopping ihem. 

Cake (Fruit). — Two cups of blown dugiir. two cupscnolasBes, on« 
and a hall cups of bullet, one cup of milk, one and u hiilf cups of 
eunanti. hall tup of citron, six cupa flour, one tablespoon lol o( 
clovct, one labletpoonfut of cinnamon, oae nutmeg, one Mbltspoon- 
IbI of brtind)'. half H [r.ihpoonful ol siuta, live cia[», 

C*1m (Hickory-nut l.—Une Hnd h half cup« irf tugar. three es^ 
one cup of raisins, one cup of hickory -nut iiienis, one Icospoonfm of 
*oda. two of cresm lariat, and enough lluur to make stiff batter. 

Cake (Imperial), — One pound of llour, one pound of butter, one 
pciuiuliif hM&A\. <>nc pound of rsl«lns, one pound ol almonds, hleachcd, 
Ihicv quiirtcr^of a pound of citron, one gl«M of brandy, one [able- 
•poonful of mace, eight ckb. 

Cake (LemOD-jeLly).— -Take one potato, botl and mash perfectly 
Mnooth, add to It two large spoon^ls of butter, one leatfupful of 
Migar, the bralcn yolks of eight eggt. flavor with lemon: line small 
patty psns with pastry, fill with h large spoonful of above mlslure, 
and bake. 

Cake (Marble). — IJgkl pari. — Whites of three eggs, one-half cup 
of butler, one-half cup of lUj^f. ooe4iatf cup of mTlk. two cups ot 
flour, (iiic-half leaapoonful of toda. one teaapoonful oi cream of 
Uirtar. 

Dart fart. — Yolks of three eggs, one mp ot rauluses, one-half 
cup of butler, two cups of Hour, one tcaspoontui of soda, one-third 
cup of milk, nnd flavor with mixed spires, cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg. 
ItuKcr ibr lin >nd put in Ihr pan allrrnaic layen of light and dark 
parts. buviiiK the light part on lop, 

Cake iSponge}. — Materials, four eggs, tvo even cups of sugar, 
three- fourths c^p of hot naler. one and Ihree-founh cups of Hour, 
even measure, two leatponnfiilH of baking powder, sail, flavor with 
lemon. Beat ihc rgic^ separately. To Ihe yolks Kraduully add the 
BUgW. Mix well. Then add hot water. Mix the baking powder 
with the flour and add part of Ihe flour, then pan of the well beaten 
whites and so on until all Is used. Flavor. It will be thin but do not 
add any mure flout. («r It Is all right. Hake In a moderately quick 
oven. Whvin just riuht thia is equal to any doicn-egK sponge cake I 



H'//AT EVEKY O.VE SIIOVL0 K.\'OW. 



SI 



ever CM. To plriue the children b«le«tome ol (h« HponK« (akc very 
thin, oil in *haps like (toininrm. frast md mark the line and dot* 
with numcrs hair brush dipped in chocoUle. Another notion I« to 
write Ihrlr names on Utile frosted cakes with a brush ilipped in the 
yutk 'jf an eicK. 

Cakes (Sug»r). — t)ne [lint dry Hour, une-hAlf pint of butter, one. 
half of tuRiii. mix the flour nnd sut;ar, rab in the buiier, oild an tax 
hcairn H iih caouifh milk lo moUiea Ihc whole; mil thin and li:ike in 
a. tiiiiik oven. ThU recipe U tor thokc who have few c(tK» or none. 

Cskes (Scotchi. — Scotch mkei arc economical so far as cgBs are 
concerned, and. if made with tate, will melt in the mouth* M chil- 
dren. To one pound of flour allow half a pound of hulier, and a 
Suuncr of n pound of sugni : let the butter stand In a boain near the 
le to sofleii. but not meti; when soft, rub It and Ihc Hour IOi{fiher; 
then knead in ilie 8Uf(Hr, KiiU out in tt ftheel half an inch thick; cut 
out cakes about two inches square; bake until they arc of light brown. 
Put them nwoy In a stone jar, and they will in a day or two gather 
miiiNiiirr nt'iugh lo he nod. 

Cak^ (Spice). — One and onc4iair cup of sucar. tvro-lhirds eup but* 
tef, one cup raisins seeded, two-thirds cup sweet milk, three cups 
flour, two eiojs. one heaping leaapoonfut tream tartar, one-half even 
spoonful soda, rir two tcaspoonfuls baking powder, cinnnmon, nut- 
mrE. >nd cluve« to lantc. 

Cak«s (Tea-j^Tlte (otiowtnjc recipe (or tea cakes is highly priied 
hy New England housekeepers of " yo olden limei " One and a half 
pounds of sugar, half a pound of butter, one pound of flour, half a 
grated nuimeit, half a pint of milk, one tcaspoonful oalmtut. Rub 
the butler and BUf(ar to a rich cri^am nnd w<>rk in a little of the (lour 
and the nutmeg %nd bent it smooth, DiHtolve the saleraius in the 
milk and strain it into the nbori^. Add the rest of the flour nnd work 
10 a douich tiiff enough to roll out. If too thin, add flour: If loo 
thick. uf>e niote milk. Roll half an loch thick, cut into round evkea, 
place them on i»iittrrcd lins and l«ikc In a very quick oven. 

C*kc9(RjeTetV — <)nr pint of sweet milk, two egtpi. a teaspoonful 
of light brown sugar, a raltspoonful of salt, and two l.-iblcspoonfuls 
of tiakioK powder. Add to these sufficient rye flour to form a baiter 
alKiul the contiMcncc of ordinary griddle cake ballet. Bake in but- 
tered i;vm-pans in n iguick oven. 

Cakes (Kice.J — Cock the rice Iboroughtr in n farina kettle, and 
while utill quite warm, mould it intu round cakes flattened; this lo 
bo done Ihc previous day or evening. In Ihc morning dip them into 
beaten egg. and fry in hot Inrd or drlpplngt, until of * deliciLtc 
brown. They are very piilatablo to cat wi^ meats, or with sugar and 
cream If thus preferred. The cualinK ■>' egg keeps them firm, pre- 
veni* it'u much f-it penetrating, and adds to lbeir{^od taste and nu- 
trilioumirv}. 

Ccke tWalnut). — Unc loffev cupful o( augar, one cupful and a half 
of ftout, two cupfuls of rai^u*. ono cupful of walnut meats, half a 



St WHA T EVF.ft V OKR snoVLP A'A'OO^. 

cupful of butler, halt a cupful >nccl tnitii. three cgn. half • nutm«g, 
halt n icMpooniuI of nods or two leaipooiifuU m titikinK jiowdcr; 
lUvor with Irmvn or vrdiIIji. 

Cake (Pwk).— Ono pound ol ult fat poilt chopped vcrv fine, pour 
tfvcr thU. half a pint of builins water, wlicn ncjirly cold add ono 
puund of chopped raiiin*. oac-iourth pound of citron, two cup* of 
■ugai.one cup of inolaMcii. on« tCMpiionfuIof toda, ono nutoicn;, Iwo 
teaapooofuli of cloves <*"> tcftspoonfuls of cmnuraun. flour to make 
quite Mifl, bake sl-^w. 

Caked Udder of Cow.^For sirbltcn or coked udder or )UK <>' <t 
cuu'. ^.i^h ;ind tub thoroughly with <rater as hot at you c«n bnr 
jnnirhitnd. Then rub nith adry clolb. Then apply hi^'slaTd.or 
what i» better, gnle go«d yellow cnrToI fine and Bimnier it in th« lard 
to an oinitnciil and apply and rub as above. 

Cftlvca— treatment ot^Thc cnlf it mside or maircd ihe flr«t five 
month*. The nencral practice ihroush the c<iuntry, after the calf i* 
one or two moiilhs old. is to turn it out and let it fight the Sie« the 
whole spason. Tlic farmer is very busji. He may come In lai« ni 
nlifhi and the coif is forgotten or stunted, Kcvet turn your calf out 
the tii>l yeaj. Keep il in the suble. and you will hnd Ihc anlnuil 
ipuwinK satinfactoty. Instead of a lliitc yeaillnB. yuu will have n bin. 
nne two-year-uUI. 

CaItcs — tomake driok.~L« the talf »uck the cow two or three 
day*, or until (lie milk is good. This is belter for the cow, and givtt 
the r»U a gii'ii start, then in the mominit *lih a »tr»p or lope tie iI 
up in vmit k"'hI I'l'iv. It is now full fed and comfortable: ihrn at 
night appimth the cnlf ([uictly, willi your pall of milk, bock it into a 
coiner, stand by in rigbt side, (ret jTiur fingers Into lis raouih, tet 
yi>ur pail where you can icnch it. and with your right hjind piiursome 
milk iiiio the calf '» mouth, it will soon lie-in to duck your fingers. 
Continue i<> |H>ur in milk until it will follow your finiccrs to the milk 
in the pail, novi with ii little care v'lu can keep il from putting Its 
none to the botlom of the pail and blowing milk from Im nostrils. 
Now you can. by dcEtecs, work your fingers out of Its nioulb, but if 
you do >o too Boon it will probably take un Its head and look for a 
teat, when you will have in |r|ve it your HnKOis and rcMal the pro- 
ce». 1 hoTp never failed "f feeding a calf by (his plan, ond fre- 
qurnilv have them drink the !ie<oiid feed without my fingers. 

Calico— to waali.- Infuse three glUaat tali In four quaii« of water. 
Put in the cHliro while the boluiion la hot, and Ichvc until the latter \» 
cold. Ills said ibat in this wiiy the colors are rendered pennoneni 
and will not fade by subseouent waxhing. 

CalUa— treatment of.— For bloonilng catlaa, [ use the aoll from 
the heaoery, and on <<'td mornintts I pour hut water in the lauceta; I 
have bad a bloom from every bulli, Ai my lurhsias never grew v«iy 
large. I put in fresh ■•''il and then UMid some fine manure from tht 
hennery, and befurc spring it covered ihc window, with every 8huol 
in I'li/ bloom. 



WHA T EVP.KV OUTR mOVLD KNOW. 



SJ 



CAiBpbor—ftad Its uses — Ciimphtir n not » very •teadj' allmutanl. 
(u iis r^fteci is traiuiiurvi but in liitKV dows il acts M it narrutlc. 
Aliaiitiii; pain, and inJucmg iiloep. In moderate dosi!a il upctiiivv as a 
(Ilaphnrelli: anil anli~iipn>^ini>dlc. inciciutng Ihc heal f>l the body, al- 
luyrniE irrrtMti^>n xni] ^pH^rii, 

It IB ii->(!>l cvirrnully iu a linimrnt when dJMiolvcd in oil. >I<oli<il.or 
acetic iicid. bcint: employed Iu alUy ihcucnalic jmu'tis; uiid il i» alsQ 
useful as un cmlirocaijon in sprains, bruisa. chilblains, and. when 
combined with opium, it box Iwcn ailvantngcousty employed \a 6alu- 
leni ci>1ic and Mvorc ilianhiEa. Iwing rubbed over ihe bawelt. 

When rnluced to a line powder by lb« addition <i( aliitle spirit of 
win* and frittion. ii is very useful as ■ local sliniulanl to indolent 
uloent. especially wbcn they dlKhorgc n loul kind of mailer; a pindi 
is tftltcn between the iiiiip'r nnd thumb and sprinkled inlo Itie alccc, 
which 1« thru dret-ted u> u>uul. 

Wlivn (liMolvcd in oil uf lurpeniinc. and a few drops are placed in 
a hullow looih and covered with jewellers' wool, or scrapod lint, il 
(lives almost iaslanl icllcl ti> toolbiiche. 

Used iniernally, Il is apt lo excite nausea, and even vomiting, 
especially when uiven in Ihe solid form. 

Ad a stimulant it is uf great service in all low fevers, miilijinanl 
measles, maiigtianl si>ie throai, and running small-pox; and when 
combined wilh opium nnd liurk, it in exlrcmely useful in checking ihe 
progress of malignnni uIi'cim and |{«nKiEiie. 

\\ a narccxic il is very useful, because it allays pain and irriuiion, 
willioul increasinK the pulse very much. 

When puwdercd and sprinkled upon the surface ul a blister. It pre- 
vents the canlharldcs acting in a peculiar and painful manner upon 
the bladder. 

Combined wilh senna it increases its purgative pi operliea: and it is 
also ns«d to correct the nausea produced by si^uilis, and the irritatinc 
effects of drastic purgaiivci and nie/creoii. 

Deit~Yxiyia (»ur itiains lo one scruple, repraied at shon interval* 
when used in smalt doses, and long intervals when employed in lai^ 
doses, 

Vauiifit — When given in an over-dose II acts as a poison, ptoduc* 
inu v'imiiing, giddinevt, delirium, convulsiono. and sometimes dealb. 
Cajnphor Tablet*.— Mcli I»llii>v. and add a little powdered cam- 
phor h rut K'^'cri'ic, with a few drops ol oilof ulmonds toseenl. Poui 
in tnouldv ami cool. 

Camphor Ice. — Spennacetl, one and one-hall ounces: gfum cam- 
phor, threc-quariers of ait ounce; oil t,wcct almonds, loui table- 
spoonfuls; set oil the store in nn enilhcn dish lill dlMolvetJ: beiil juiit 
enough to diMolw it. When warm pour into small moulds. i( de- 
sired to Mill then paper, and put Into tinfoil, used for chaps on bands 
orllpv 

Coiurica — car« oL — Kever pul canariM in n painted nigc. a\ ihey 
will pi(k the wires and thus imbibe ptriton. Br«»s wire caffcsars 



54 



WHAT KVRKY ONE St/OVLD A'A'Oir. 



ni<jrr cheerful iliun ihuHO niMlc of wcmd, and ran I>« CMily lt?p( clean. 

Give ihem freih seed, pure water, both fnf drinking and baihinK. 
tultl^Kh, and. in their Muon; frctti lettuce and chicluvccd. C^ikc u 
huitful, 

'I'ci keep the rji|{e clean, a piece uf briiwii puper cwvrrlnc the b<il- 
turn IB a Kreal asstslanec, ai it can he replaceil ever)' nlornini;. 
Ncwi|>iiuei must never be uwd, beeause (hey may pick at the ink. 

Aflcrnatbins lake oui the baih. It It cundi all day il become* 
Inifiure; and die bird* are belter buihcn II the <ll*h is lumii^bcd at a 
rcici)lar time. 

keep the perches elean, as you can eaMly do. by lubbini; Ihcni 
with sand-paper. Be careful not to frighten the birdi in any way. 
Give ihcm a Illtle (reiih tond cvej^ day. 

Supply (re»h »lr And plenty i>f tiunnhine: but fcuard thero (rotn 
iliufis niid enceM of beat. The nuonsunHhine should not fall directly 
on the cn|^. 

Baker'* »ponge cttkc dipped In sherry wine U strongly recommend- 
ed fur nick canary blido that have been moulting. The blTil will no 
ditubi eat Rparinicly iif il. but ilir [nmedv is excellent. It bus been 
kii'iKn in many iii«ian<es lu lestute the n>iccraDd health uf cunnrie* 
after shedding d^-hteen months and two ycats. Rlrdsnflen c<inllaue 
mouIlinB from wcakncis, and n thori time fcedlnK theiu on the cake 
and ■berry, to connection with their seed, noon •>hnws a beneficial 
■Aect. I would also adviM nut i» givt the bird any greens to eat, 
nor apples, while in lh« cmdilion described. 

Canoiie* having aithmtt arc relieved and sometimes cure^l by giv- 
ing them a pap made of baket'a breail lioiletl in (wcrl milk. In very 
bad Otfea remove (heir seed (or a frw diip unil let them feed entirely 
upon il. The following treatment complctrly rcstoteil a fine singer 
which I hud quite despaired of. as he had been »ck and silent lor 
monlhi: Leave off seed entirely. Make a paste of sweet milk and 
breadcrumbs, thiow ibecrumbk inio the milk while builing. and »t<r 
until <|uite trimmth : ndd a pinch uf Cayenne pepper, varied occasion- 
allv by some linclv-minccd clove or garlic; dissolve in the drinking 
water a little blaek currant jelly, a bit of fig. or half a potash loicoge. 
t ui-ed nil i>( these and my bira Is well; so to which the prcferene* 
•hifUld be given I knciw not, though I incline Ii> the jelly. It mttv 
akc a louK lime In cure the bird, and if the trouble atrise* from haril- 
itns of the tongue, it must be painted daily with MnMig borax-water. 
If ho •.nccirsa Illtle olivc-oll must be gently put up the nostrils. He 
hhi>uld have plenty of tepid waier to baihc In. lelery, ^ncet apple, or 
lettuce, liui l>y n<> meiins hang him close to the window, the cold is 
loo scTcre. even in a mcHleratcly warm room, for a bird in dcllcalc 
hrallh. Paste must be fresh daily. 

Caiutri«»— to remove red mite* from. — Put into the cage us u 
perch an^ or more hollc w mi< k>, with holes cut into them at shuri 
distance* as in a cano pii>o. The insects crawl into theie, and can 
MSUy be knocked or anaken out, or destroyed by leltlnf hot water 



WHAT F.l'F.Ry O.VF. SHOULD K.VOW. 



!S 



run tbrouich the sticks. This !hi>uld b? Armv evory ilajr till the bird 
is rclirvcd. Han^capittc of nrw whiir HanncI in ihc cogent nielli 
n«xt the perch so that it diodci die liiid ffom the ligiii. In (he morn- 
ing you wilt lind Ibc miles «n ih<- flannri; wiwh. or put in a new piece 
llie follawini.' nifcbt. und continue il'ilnv ■"• uulil Ihey urc a^ll remav- 
rd. It n aUo treil to iciUd the case- Ttie percheii should be of red 
cedar wykkL 

Cancer— cnrc for,— The following It laid to be « sure mrc for can- 
cer- A piece of iiiickine plastcf i* put over the cancel, wlihii circular 
piece cut o>'t ')i the center, a little larxcr Ihnn the c«ncer. »•> tliat the 
cancer and a small circular rim of healthy skin next to it is cKposed. 
Then a plainer, modeof ctiloridcof linc. blood roui and wheal flour, Is 
spreail on n pi ere of muGlIn, the iiiie of thi* circuUr npcninx. und 
Qpplkd (o (hec»nccr(or iweiily-fnur hours. On removinR li. ihe can- 
cer "ill be found tiumed into, and appear of Ihc color and hardnen of 
an old shoe solc.ind the circular rim outside oF )( will append white 
and parboiled, as if scolded by hot sieom. The wound is now dress- 
ed and Ihe oiiiside lim noon scptitaies, and ihe cancer cumcs out in a 
hard lump, iind Ihe place hols up. The pinaler kills the cancer, so 
that it sloughs like dead B«h. and nwer Rrows again. The remedy 
wns discovered by Dr. King, of London, and has been used by him 
lorteveral years with unlailTnKiiuccc«*, and not a case ha» been knuwn 
of Itie reappcaraiKC ■>( (hccanc«r when this remedy has been applied. 

Cancer — cure. — Take the blossoms of red clover and make tea ul 
Ihenn, and drink freely. Ii will cure cancer in the stomach as well 
as on the »iii(farc. 

Candied Lemon Peel. — Hrel fionic An? lemons, with all Ihe inner 
pulp, in halves (ir (|Uiirlcrs; have ready a very stri.mg syrup of while 
>ug*r and wntcr; put ihe peels into it. and keep them boiling litl the 
(yriip ib fKMrlv leilucrd. Take ihem out and set them to dry wilh 
Ihe "iilrr jjcrl iii>iv'iMiird. 

Candied Orange Peet. — Make a very Mrtfog syrup of while sugar 
and iiaier;i»kc oil ihc [jeels (torn several oranges in biuvet or quarters, 
and boil tlirm In the syrup till it is nearly reduced. After (his lake 
them I'll! and set iheni to dry with the outer skin downward. 

Candy iVanlUa). — Three lencups of white or coffee su^r, one and 
a half it.niupB unskiiBmcd sweet milk todissolve if; boil iitl done, and 
flavor wilh vanilla; after U cools a tittle, stir until hard and cjtt when 
you picuic 

Cafldjr — for CoMs. — Boil one .ind one-half pounds of stigur in a 
half-pini of waier, till it begins to candy round Ihe sides; put in eight 
drops of essence; pour it upon buttered paper, and eat it with a 
kniie. 

Candy 4 Home Made). — All chlldmi ore fond of candy, and if purv, 
a moderate amount is not injurious. In Ihnc dayi of aduTlcration. 
thai made at home Is ihc j.ifisi toKive tliem. It is a simple matter lo 
make chocolate caramels; all that is needed Is one cup o! sweet milJt, 
one cup oJ molaatn, flail a cup of lugar, half a cup of grated chaG0> 



S6 



WHAT Ji VERY ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



I«i«. a piece of buiicr ihc Mxe of i. walnui; Hir roniunilr and Ici It 
hoil until (i Ik thick, nnd turn It oiii itpon Imitrrcit |iUi<^; wlicii It 
bcK'"* '<■ Miffcii innrk ii iii 8t|u«rcs su IhnI il will Umik mulily when 
cold. Cocounul ciLr»iiKls arc mauje of lu-otupsnl Kiiiicd cocoatVHt, 
one cup of Mijjar, two tnipoonfuU of flour, the while* of ihtec eggs 
beaiFii Miff, bake on a bulicied paper In n quick oven. 

Candy (Almondj, — Tiike one (lound of )mjk*>' nnd ubuul hitK a plat 
of water: put in pan at the white of an egR tv ciurify the sucar; bit 
(his boil n few minulcs, and remove any ticiiin (lul rises. Wben [be 
RUgar begin* lu candy drop in the dry aJmandi; fim. however, you 
■hould blanch ibe nuts by pouring hot wate-r over iheni. and kttInK 
ihcRi iitand In it a tew rntniite«; ihrn the fikin wilt »lip <)A icudily. 
Spread (ho candy "n l>u((t(cil uliuri to cool. 

Cuidj (Bntter Switch).— One pound of C sugar, three ounce* of 
bulter, put in a stew.pan or kciUe, and sijr often to prevent burnlnK- 
Try n liitlc In water; If biliile it i* done. Pour out on ihe top of a 
bullered pan nnd mark in squares. 

Caadj (Cream). — To three pounds of loaf sugar add one-half pint 
of water, and set it over a slow lire for half an hour; then add a tea- 
spoonful of gutn arable dUaolved. and a tabtcspo»nliil of vlnefjar. 
Boil it llll it in brtltle, then take it ufl. and flavor with vanillu. rot-e, 
or orange. Rub Ihe hands with sweet bulter, and pull the candy till 
.t is white; (hen twist or breakii.orsircich itout intoihin white strips, 
and cut it off. 

Cuidy (Pi^. — Take one pound of tugnrind one pint of water; Ml 
over a slow lire. When dene add a few drops nf tinesMi' and a lump 
of bulter, and _pour into |>ans in which split ligs ure laid. 

CUI1I7 (Raisinl.— Raisin candy can tic made in Ihe same manner 
aaligeandy, lubBiititiingstonedraisjnit for thefigs. Common molHMM 
candy is very nice wllh all kinds of nuts added. 

Cwidjr (Lemon).— Boil n pound and u half of su^ar in a half pint 
of water till it begins to candy round the sides; put in eight drops of 
essence of lemon. Pour It upon bullercri paper and cut It with a 
knife. 

Candy (Molxsse*).— West India molasses, one gallon; hrown 
sugar, two pounds; boil [he moluses and sugai in n preierving kettle 
over n *loi» lire; when done enouch it will cease boiling; stir fre- 
quently, and when nearly done. «ir m ihc juice o) four lemons or two 
leaapoonfubt of essence of lemon; afterward huilct 3. [van. and pour 
oui. 

Candle* (Adamantine). — Melt together ten ounces mutton lallow; 
camphor, one-iiuarier ounce; beeswax, four ounce*: alum, two 
ounces, 

Caodlcs (Lard).— Dissolve onc-quarlcr pound alum and one-quar- 
ter pound saltpeter In one-half pint water on a slow Are; then lake 
three pounds of lard cut into small pieces, and put into this pot wllh 
this solution. Mirrlag it cmisianily oter a very moilerMie (lie until the 
■ard is all dissohxd; then let il »iroiDer unlit all slcam cease* to rise 



W/tA r £ VKK V O.VF. SHOULD KNO W. 



5T 



noct rrrmoVF li al once from IhP firv. If you Ifitc il loo lonK il will 
he discdlotcd. These t-andlei are harder and bcller than ullow. 

C(uidl«s (Imitation W«x).— Purify mel led tallow by ihrowing in 
puwdcrcil igukk-liMi'-. thru if\A two pnrM wax U> one of inllow, and a 
most beautiful iiiiiclc of chitiIIc. re^q^nblint; wax. will lie ihr resull. 
Dip the wicks in lime waterant) mllpelcr on making. To a gnlton of 
water odd tim nuncM ulipcier and ooc-half pound of lime; il im> 
priivrt ih<r I J xh I. and prevcnti. (he ullow from running. 

Caadl«— to last all night. — When, an in a ciue of niclineM. a 
dull lighl il wished, ur whi-n mnichn ure miilaid, put |H)Wdcrrd ta\\y 
on Ihe ciodlc liU il rcaclics (he black part of the wick. In Ibis way xj 
niit'i ;iiid hirady 11|{ht m.iy be Ifept Ihrnughoul Ihe nighl by a small] 
pj^'Cr nf I -■uiillr. 

Cane Chair Bottotn — to restore. — Turn ihecbair botl'im upward, 
and nitli hoi wnter and spuniic wuth the care work wifll. so ihaC il 
is well soaked; should li be dirty, use soap; Ici il dry in the air. and 
It will lie as light aad firm ^ new, provided noAc of ibe cane* are 
broken. 

Caramels-— to make.— I. Lemon caramels arc made by |(rat. 
inR lilt yclt'-w rind of a lemon with a lamp of sa)tar: add lo (hi> 
a icK dicipt of lemon jujcc, with water enoaith In diwolve the sugar 
camplclHy. and stir tbe whole Into a boiled ijrrup a few minutes be 
fore it is taken from Uie fire, 

1. Orange and lime caramelk are prepared in (be Mme manner 
from Ihesb rcspcciivc fruiis. 

3- Codec earamcU. coflce. two ounce*; mgar, one pound. Make 
an infusNin of the eoRee. u'lng aa little water as possible; strain il 
thnniKh a ct'iili, and mlr it |C'^'">lly into the boiled ayrap a few 
minutes before lakinK It froin ihe fire. 

4. Chocolate caramel*, chocolate, four ounces; (sugar, one pound. 
Diiiiilvc the i-li'X'iiIatr in ks little waicr at pouible. and add It la the 
bailol lUKar, as in the coffee caramel*. 

;. Vanilla and orange cream caramels are made by using the re> 
Spective essencps of these fruits. 

Caramels <Coc«a-nnt, etc.)— Cocoa-nut candy Is made by laklnc 
two (HiundN of suu^i 111 an ordinary cnccm-niil. Add the milk of ihe 
cncoa-nul t<> the sUKar. wilh a little water il the milk i» less than a 
small teacupful. Slew until it ropes when poured from a jpoon. then 
(lif in the cncoo-nut. whtrh you should have already grated, and 
pour into liullvred pani-. When cool break inio piece* — a process, 
which will lie fatilitaled i', when the cundy Is cuol. bul not etild, you 
sci.re it half ihrouuli wilh a knife. Any nut candy can be made in 
the same manner by substilulliig nut kernels for the grated cucoanut. 
for cream candy allow a tuplul of rich cream 10 three pounds of 
sugar, ami stew until the syrup candles when dtopped Into cold 
water. Then flavor with vanilla, lemon, or what yiiu like, ami pour 
into buttered paas 10 cool, or pull the candy as you preJer. Another 
recipe for cteun candy, without the cream, rcc^uires two cups of graQ- 



sa 



WHAT liVERY OA'E SHOULD A'XOiV. 



uUled iiiKsr, hnlf a cup of water, a piece o( butter Itie ulie nf a wal- 
nu[, iwi> (nbletpoonfuU of vin«it"r ond "■<> tCMpoonfuU of ranJIU. 
l)i> D'li Mir while bofliriK. When done pour an buttered plntCB. and 
when cold {full il until while. 

Cnrd'case for « Watch. — Take two piece* ot card ten incbo; 
long and ihrec aiul onc'bolf Inches wide, and cut the enil« pnlnicd. 
Cover both piece* with velvet or *llk, and otnbroldeni viiir oi lUiwcnt 
on i>ne end. or if preierted. piiinl in water colors, Ov<:th:intl ihc two 
piece* loKeiher and Anith the edge with Kilt cord. Make u rinK of 
twisleil cord nt the top. Rend the tnrd up al three Inrhe^ to form the 
rnck. And (ii*.ten at the iiidet nllh ciiril and tanels. Twiit a tarn 
h<<»k with eik wire Hnd »cw nn in<:h ticlow ihe rinjc ni the top. for tot 

WStl'Il . 

Caiminative iDalby'*).— M&gnenia. thiec dramt: oil peppemiiiit, 
tbtce driij»: oil nutmeg, wvcn drop*: nil anile, nine drops; tloctiu 
"b( ea4ii>r. one iind nnc-hHl( dr«ni«: tincture of atsafcctlda, forty-ll* 
trap*: tinctum of upium, eighteen drop*: estrence pennyroyal. lUc^ 
drops; tincture of ordomoo*, ninety-live drops; peppermint waiw, 
■even ounces; mU. 

CAmatiou—ftom cuttlnn. — Camailonii are canity rooted from 
■lip* Take off ihc fm.ill nklr «hoott when about two Inches lonit. 
If your planii ure in piita. plant them around the cd|[e. preMinK the 
soil very tirmly about the ponion inserted. Do not Hiitcr them only 
when the pnrent ptAnc requires II. If they are cultivated in the 
grounit. [ilaiit Ihcm in Ihe Mine bed, takinjt the mtar. pcccautloo to 
make the earth i-ompuci about the slip*, su they will not dry up in* 
stead of tooling. If the ground U sUghity moist, it i* enough (or 
them, but if very dry sprinkle occasional ty. 

CwpeU — to deftn. — A few drop* of carbonate of atnmonU puL| 
Into a small (juantity of wHrm rain water will prove a safe and eoa) 
anti-acid, and will chan^. if c.irefully applied, discolored ipots uponl 
carpets, and Indeed nil spots whether produced bj- ncids or altaljca. 
If yciu have a carpet injured by whitewiikh this will immedlAtcIy re- 
flate it, 

Carpet* — to put down. — All housekeepers understand the dtfl 
cnlty of putiiUK down carpets, and especially where thev require con^ 
■tderable sircichlrg. All people have not carpet sitelcnets. so 1 willl 

Jive you n phm within rcuch of all. which i* far better, a» Iherc is no' 
ancor nf leHring the carpet. Tack one end of the carpet down 
firmly; then put on n pair of comnioD rubbers, step tthorl, lilt your 
feet B.1 little as ponsibic fronn Ihe carpel ond scuff across to the opp-). 
site side, and lund still while somebody nails it for yon. You will 
be aatonlshcil at Ihc cmc and quiclcne*a wilh which your work U ac- 
complished, nu maiter how much ilretchinK your c)ir{<i't mjuirca. 
See that the rubber* are noi worn loo •rniooth upiin the botlutn*. 

Carpets — to cleanse — The (oIloulnK mlilurE is iccornniended for 
taklnjt treasruut of carpels: Aqu.i ammonia two ounces; soft WBlcr,4 
one <|uaR: ulipetrc, one teaspoonful; uluving-aoap. one ounce, fioel]^| 



irifAT KVF.ftV OAE S//Otr/./t A'XOIl'. 



i<t 



scmpcil. Mix well, shake and 1« ii stand u Irn hourtor days before 
btinK. '" climolvc the soap. When used pout on ciiouith to cover onj- 
icrciuc or oil Ihat has been spilled. v|>qiikiiik and rulihliiK '"ctl nnd 
appIirinK iK^in i( necessary: then wa«h uH with riear cold miic-r, li 
Is ■ Rtx'd mixture to hive in (he houM for many ihinKs: is sure death 
lo bed-UiKi^ II pul in the ercvic*^ which ihev hhalMl; will remove 
p«int where oil wjui uxcd in mixing il, and will not Injure the finest 
(abric!!. 

Carpets — to remove ink from. — Tnke up a« miif h as possible with 
n ^poon, ponr cold sweet milk ujion the spot and lalce Up with n 
ipiinn until the inllk i* only faintly tinRed with ink. ihrrn wuxh with 
cold water and wipe ilty. The writer has in (hi« way leinoved ncHrly 
hall a pint ol ink (rom a dclicalecrcaiti-colorcd carpet without leaving 
• stain. 

Cktptt (faded) — to restore. — Dip the carpel in sironK kbIi nnd 
mrtcr. Bine (actor y cotton, oi 5ilh handkerchief* will not fade if 
tUpped in sail water while iliry arc new. 

Cktpetl — to renovate. ^Tij -ine pail of wurm water add one pint 
of ox-Kali: dip n soaped lUnnelinto the mixtare. and rub well the 
nirfaee of the r-aipci. piece by piece, rinsing )l as you proceed with 
riean, euld water, takinn ca^e n<il to m;ike the carpet ton wet, and 
finish off by tubbing with a dry i-[iar»e doth , 'Hie riiruct, of course, 
must be well beaten before it is operated upon. Tnis proceu b 
tltnply and turpriftins'y eKeciivc in renovatiiiR the colors. The only 
drawback is the effluvium Kivcn ofl by the xali; but this Is soon rctn- 
edied by exposure to the an. or by upcainc Ihc windows U tbo carpel 
be laic] down. 

Carpet — to pntcli.— tf you have an old carpet badly warn, cut a 
patch to cover the li«1e», tSLkine care in tnitti:h fijjure or mtlpe per- 
fectly, piste it on with ftour pa^tc and iron on very tifiht with a hot 
iron. 

Cupeti— to brig;htea,— A slightly damp cloth rubbed over a diuty 
carpel tjrighlcns xt anndcrfully .-ind cathert nil the duM This i* an 
excellent w»y ID .Icifirc ill'- iliirir iif ;,ii iuvsliil** to..iii where noise 
and dust nre objectionalik-. L~Hriir[> F'lu.iutd be thoroughly beaten on 
the WTone *idc first, and ilicn i>n the riKhi. alter which spots may be 
removed Dy tbe use cl ov-ijaII cr nmmoniaand water. 

C«rpet(RKg>— to nutke.— While a »mooih, ui*teful and not too 
heavy ra({ carpet Is a Ite.iMire in the farmhouse dininu or nlting- 
room, if «c are to have carpets there at all, the loose, homely, and 
above all the rough and hc-ivy rag carpel, is an abomination any 
wbere. To mi-ure the former, care must be taken in preparing the 
rag*. Firw. they tnusi be sorted am! na»heit clean, then rut or torn 
finely and evenly. Old cnlico must have most width; old while ciii- 
tuo should be n trifle narrower: Hannel a little narrower still, while 
M broadcloth or full cloth must be rut or lorn very fine. The rag* 
thould all be as neuly lus potHibIc of the MOia Uic when beaten up. 



So 



IfHA r EVERY ONE SHOVLD KXOVI^. 



A carpet in which eimt care li taken in lhi» particular looks much 
less " ma carpciy than If ihc ta^ nrc carclnsly cul or lata. 

Ncxi thr tcwlnji riu^i Iii.- well done, w iIk-ic wlil Ih- n(> Iuimc cads 
or eornrr^ Icll I" fly up in wFiivini; "r Kwccpini;. »k (hts makes n 

', C^riK'l f xccoiliTieiy rouKh und liomcl)-. if (here is much thick cinih 
Bdiong [he fi^s, and one desires .in extra nice carpet, ll li heller t" 
clip n bit «A from the »<Ic of tb(^ emit ol the thick nitcg. soas (olcMicd 
the bunch where tewed (iiueiJier. '\\\e esira worlt »( dmas this is 
not noiicealilc, and ihe cup«l in much tunoolher and finer looking 
when done. 

Whether or no the carpet has a plefttlns cRcn to the eye depends 
greatly on the tnMe o( the maker and weaver i'l ihe HrtaniccmciK o( 
color*. Mitny a hou>ickeepei- who has s|ietii weeks of hard labor 
upon ft nrvci has (eit greiitly ilisappoimed and chngtined when It 
was broihKhl home from the weaver ». because, after nli her lal.i.r in 
cutting, sewing and cntodnK. it picscnled tiu unfialiHlaiclori' an ap> 
peaianrr. ollrn, indeed , bciiii; utcnusi an eyesore ftotn itSKaudy look, 
the inharmonious grouping of colore, or some other similar ilcfect. 

Before l>eginning a carpet one *liouM decide on the general i»ne 
of it; thai is, wlial the jirciundworlc of ciolor shall be. If biown. the 
(Tojilcr pari of the raipi should be of various shades of brown: the 
warp also bein^of the same or of some color that will mingle and 
harmonite plcautnily with the tngs. The bright ragi^ niiiki be «u('h 
M wtU cither harmiioirc i>i cuntra*! agreeuMy with ihe rest. The 
wDip sliriuld be Tine, well twiEilcd. biid m'>der:iicly thick in the reed. 
or in weavers phrase, be " ihick-sleyed." and be well stretched in 
weaving, U ibis is done and the rags arc well beaten up. Ihe carpel 
will he hnc and firm. Ihe dust will sweep nit Instead <>( swocpinf; 
IhrHoKh. "I'l ■' will twcep eiivily and wear well. 

Ckrrot»— for chicken*.— ■' I feed between twenty and thinr bush- 
els of carrots and bceis in my fowls every winter. The best may to 
feed ihem is to boil them until (|ullc snit, mu«h them in Ihe w.ilcr 
they were bijiled in. and for laying hen» put in eninigh Bliorla and 
wheal bran tu make Ji sti5 miiss. Fur fattening [••wis thicken with 

('Corn and barley meal. Feed the scraggiest old hiddy that ever 
walked on ihls mixture for two weeks and she nlil be as plump as an 
alderman, And where cliickeii» iniended (or Ihc early spring market 
have ncil been well fed from the vlart. ten or twelve day> on the car- 

I Tot and barley mi.ilure will help ihcm wonderfully. -An occasional 

I feed on raw c.irrots is greatly reli'hcd by fnw is d urine •""''' wenthet," 
CwrotafWildl-todcMroy.— Thecatr^iis.jnc'.f ihcm'-sitriHible- 
twnc weed' wiib wliii li Ihc fjirnier has to conlend. Il is so ha til y 
and pioliric. thai, in joinc of the slate*, laws h.tve licen passed for its 

I »uppre«sion. If neglected it will spread over pasture* and mcodows, 
and lake possession of the roadsides. They do nut hIiow themselves 
much in the rAfly part of the season, bul after Ihe mowing in June 
and July, they shout up rapidly, and lihow Iheir while blussoms in 
^'ery diicciiun. Some (a^mcn <cek to dwlroy them by pttUing 



WHAT BVEHY OXK SHOVID k'S'OH'. 



61 



ihem up by (he root*, an cSmiix*!, but vety expensive proems. Th« 
pUiii it- blcnnlnl, and If It is not pcrtnlttnl to Muticr lis it^s it oui 
juKl ;m Mirclf' be; rr^dtratctl l^y inf^winx. white tii h1osKT>m, or anT lime 
before it dr^pi it* seeds. There is Ultle diiriKi't "' lr»vinit il iinlil 
Auffusi or early in September. 1( cm before sceilinK. the i>Unls iii»y 
be left upon the Rmund. If later, gather into heaps and burn, or put 
inioftConiptMi hcHp. 

CuTia8:e9— CCfC of. — On the itiilhorily of Ihc Carriafr .irenlily, 
more injury is done to curtia^t and wagons by KrcHHinK ■<'" much, 
iban the reverse. Tallow ic the hc»t lubricant for wood axli-B. »nil 
caxmr oil (or iron. I.ard anrf fommon gre.iie ore not lo penelrjite 
the hub, and work Ihrir way oiil Hrnund ihc (cnonn of ihe tpokes and 
spoil the wheel. Kor common wood nxles. just enoUKb KTe»t>c should 
b« npplied to the spindle lo give ii a light coaling. To oil an irim 
axle, first vipc clean wiih a cloth wet witt (urpeniiae. and then ap- 
ply a (cw drop! n( cimlor oil near Ihe shoulder and end. One icn- 
opoonful i» ei<ouj{h (or llie "heelR, Cjirriiiuet. are sumellniM oileil <iii 
much that iheir appeainLnce is spoiled by hdvint; the jircsse sjiaiiered 
upon their varnished »urf«<e». When ihey ate washed in that con- 
diiroii. Ihe )crcaM ia ture 10 be irannlrrred (n the chamoit from Ibo 
wheel. .Kid (rum theooe on to the panels. 

Cxrri>ge-tops — owe of.— Enamel leather tops should be first 
washed with t.uille soap unil then warm water, then oiled with 
nea(')>-(oo( oil; or iiwcel oil and a coat of enamel vamlsh pul on. the 
leather will loiik like new. lla^IiCK may be cleaned in Iho tame man- 
tlet, but varnish olor is not very beneficial 10 patent leather: how- 
ever, when old and cracked, it may be colored to improve the np- 
ocsrance. 

Cuhm*f« (Glack>— to cIcausc— To clean black cMhincte. wash in 
hot »ui]8 in nbich H Itiile buTui liaa be«n placed. Rinse in bluing 
water— rery blue — and iron while damp. If carefully done the ma- 
terial will look equal lo new. 

Cast-iron Vessel*— to mend.^Drlll a hole nt each cxirrme end of 
the crack, 10 prcvein ii" luither extension. plufct-Hvel (he holts with 
copper, and, itilb Kne iron h1in(^ saturated with urine, caulk the 
crack. Four parn of pulveriied clay and one pari of iron filings 
made into a paste with boilinic Itnhced oil and applied hot \t, a jjood 
cemcnl for ihc snme pufi^ovr, 

Caator Oil— to adminUtcr, — tf it is neecMiuy lo admintiter eaa- 
roroil to ;i child there is no need of sickening him by (orcinu him to 
Uke it clear. Put a Utile cold water in a nine glass, then drop ihe 
oil in; it will form one large globule: have the child vrei hit mouth 
with water, and then drink (rom Ihc win« k1*B3 rapidly, keeping his 
mouih clofrcd for a minute or Iwii adcr. and he will never know by 
the laBle what he has laken. Even cod-iiver oil tan be taken In thia 
way, and the patient need never be disturbed hy Ihe tajiic. 

CastorOil— to make palatable. — Roll castor ait wilh an equal 
quontiiy of milk, <.iic«[cned with » link i>u|[ar. Slii' it well and let il 



H'/fAT J-lfKny OXK SHOt'Lti ItNOH'. 

Anolh«r ^ooil way is to beat ihe castor oil with ih« wbitc ol 
on en onill boih nre ihuroughly mixed. In either cam llie twic of 
ttli alTcknnol )ir •llsiingukhcd. 

CutorOlI— to make, — .o make cominan castor oil, Uk* pale 
vcKcubit oil, one gallon; cast«r oil. three galluns; mix. If a Iws 
[|U>niii)' li wanled. use a proponionaic nmount of each. 

Catarrh — cure for. — Tlie ^niokc of niiillein leavn hoa long been 
(oii»i<leie(l ni ai'pcfilic fiir caturrli. It will doubtlcM.in muajr rafiM, 
atlcvinte, II it does nol cure. The leaves should be thurou(;h]y iliied, 
and then used a* tnbocco in *, pipe. The smoke should be prosed in 
the back of the ffiauth and exhaled Ibfough the nose; onc«or twice a 
wreli will tiiilDce. and should be pertievered in. If properly curett 
llicre will not be on nrrid cxii'lHtlon, A tilllc piece of HponRc in [he 
bowl of the pi)ir will ptcvcnl the juice from pas^ting to ihe moulh. 

Catarrh — remedj for.— A medical aulhorily aiscrt* that the sever- 
cut catarrh cold can be removed In about icn hours by a mixture of 
carbolic acid, (en drops; tincture of ioitine and chloroform, wich fif- 
teen drops. A few drop! of the mixture should be hciited over a 
spirit lamp in a testlub«. the end of which should be applied to the 
nostril* as volailllialion is cllfccinl. The operation should be re- 
ptainl in about two mtnuics, when, after the paiieni sneeies a (lum- 
ber of times, the Iri'ubksome liyinplom' rHpldly diwippcar. 

Catarrh — cure. — A inoit unfailing remedy for catarrh is to Bmolco 
crushed cubcb berries in a clay pipe and swallow Ihc smoke. They 
ran be procured at any druK *tore, at a moderate cost. 

Calarrh~tp«cUIc. — Take dry blomlrooi and reduce it to pow- 
der; mix it wiih iium tiimphor. Use it as a snuff. It is said to 
b^ a cerlnin cute. 

Catarrh— treatment c»f— Prepare creosote water. In aoy amount, 
at the rate of one drop of wood creoioic lo one kIII I'f water (four 
drops to the pint), or a liillc more wairr if thecretwitc ht very sironif 
and the water loo irritating. Make a freih mixture once in two or 
ihrci. dtiys. an<J ar much oficnet lu more is needed. Take a hacdful 
of this water, pceviouily well )>hiikcn. and snuff it ihroutlh the nose 
into Ihe moulh. and ejeri ii, A little (("ioK down ihc ihront will do 
no harm. Do this (wo or three limes, and repeat it at bedtime, in the 
inornInK on rising, and, It itoed be, occttsionally during the day. In 
(act, keep the nasal paMOKea muhed out wiih the creosnic water. It* 
vapor will even penetrate Ihc bony earitic^, and also be drawn into 
Ihe lua^ with useful results. It detlroyt ihe purulent mucus, and 
lend* 10 prevent its further secretion. It b useful for any discharges 
from the nose or tunc* pfoilnccd t>y colds or general weaknec*. 
Fur bronchitis, and espcci.ill^' fur caurrh, k>"x1 turc cooked beef or 
other nourishing food, and 'jikininc if iieedtd, (n obtain and retain a 
vlKorou* system, arc eapftal aids lo the creosote or any other medi- 
cine. 

C«t*U]i (TomatOL>— Cut <inc peck of ripo lomatoe* In halves, 
boll Ihem in a lined saucepan until the pulp is all dlsuolvcd, Ibea 



WHA T E VEK y ONH Sf/OUIM K.VO tV. 



*) 



tlriun tbcm well through a hair-$ievp and act the Itquor on lo boil, 
iidding one ounce of ull, one ounce of mace, one tableipoonful o( 
blnvk pepper, one icospoonful of red pepper, one ubictpr-onlul of 
Rround cUiret. live of Krouiid inutlitTd: let them &II boll injielhei (or 
five or nix hours, and slir ihe(n mnsl of the time. Let llie mixture 
lund ciKhi Of len houni in n cool place, add one pint of vincgM, *Dd 
ihcn lioitl': It: teal the <cirks and keep In a coot, dark plate. 

Cattlc~sB.lt and water for.—" I often hear advice given lo tail 
railte often. Niiii. I Ivlieve lti«l ruir* should have salt at Icwt once 
a week — twice is really not t<ju udcn — but care should also be taken 
ihai ihey have acceis lo water. My experience is that salt, unlos 
Koon (allowed by w>lcr lo dilute ll. hai injurioui cflectii. It produces 
alone u (ever in ihe tiomoch. and rrcatcs abuinlnK thirfLt which iitbod 
for the animiil," 

Cauliflower — to cook.— Pick off tlie leaves and cut the »talk close 
lo the bottom of iKe bunch of dowem. and lay in cold water for half 
an h»ur. Unlcu vcryUifcc do m)ieul il; if }^u do. quarter it neolly. 
Tie -■> close net of coarse l«>htiinct liwc or tarlatan about il to prevent 
breaking or bruiHinic: put inm boilinK wulct »Hllcd. und cooked until 
tender. Undo and remove the net, and lay the cautiDower in a hot 
di»h. Have ready n latKc cupful of nice drann butter and pour over 
it. Cut with a »ilvet knllc and fork in hclplnf[ Il nut. nml ^ivc n tittle 
of ibe »auce to each person. Take it out <■( the wiiier as soon a» il ii 
dune, serve quickly, and eat hot. il darkens when BlaiiJint: 

Cauliflower— to pickle.— Choose such oa are fimi. yel of iheir full 
oiic; cut away all I he leaves, and pore Ihc stalk, pull away (he flowers 
by bunches, itcep in brine Iw© days, then drain tlicm; wijic ihem dry 
and put Ihem into hot picklo; or merely inluitc far three days three 
ounces of currv powder in every quan of vinci^r. 

Cement (Alabaster).— I. Finely powdcre«t plaster of Putis made 
into a cream ulih aralrr. 1. Mell yellow [ci>in. or equal partu of 

f'ltnw icsin and lire»ir(t»: then wir it in half »» much plutter of Paris. 
tie lirM is used to join and fit locclhcr pieces of alabaster or marble, 
or to mend broken plaster figures. Tlie second is used to join alabos- 
ler, marble, porphyry and any simllni substances that will bear being 
heated. It tnva-y be appllcil hoi, nnd the »tone mu«t be made warm. ' 
Many stones muj also be joined by heatinic Ihcm sufficiently to mplt 
a lump of sulphur, with which their edee^ mini then be smeared, 
after which ifcey must be placed logcihcr. and held so until cold. 
Lililc deficiencies, as chips nui of ihc cornert, etc, may lie hllcil up 
wiih molted sulphur or bicaehcd shellac, colored to any shade, m re- 
quired. 

Cement <iActd Proof). — Mow to make paste or cementing material 
that is proof ji^iinsi acid fumes—like those given off in the prepara- 
tion of xlltrr nliriic. for lnnan«^— Is well worth knowing. Finely 
powdered kUm. miicd with soluble silicate of soda, will give a ma- 
terial of this description, 

Ccnent— for aqiulrim. — One part, by measure, lay agill of lUharg« 



64 



It'trAT EVEKV OA'f. SHOULD Kh'OW. 



one gill of plasM-r of Pari*, one gill <■( dry, white «ftnd, ooe^hird o( a 
Kill <>f nncly [Hiwclcrcd tcsin. Sill, ant) kecji corked (iRhl unlM tc- 
(|uirt:il fur u^c. when il is to be made into n pully br mixing in bultcil 
oil (linsceill with a lilllc paleni iiict oddctj. NcTcr u&c il oiler il lia* 
been mixed (that Is, with the oil) oti^t lifteen houn. Tbik ccmoil 
can he uncil for marine hh bcII iw ftc».h water aquariii. a» it miWii 
the Hftiuii (>( »»U wHlcr. The lank run be um<] immediately, bul it 
is bcEcl lo give it three or four li'>iira to dry. 

Cement^to mend china.— Tnkc n very ihlek solution of gum 
arabir. and tiiir into il pIdMcr of l'itrl><, imil! the inixiure \% uf proper 
C'lnAiMeiiry. Apply ii with ii bruKh to the (iHvtionHl edgcnof the 
tliinawiire. und stick them lot;ether. In n few days il will tc jmpcw- 
»ible to break Ihc aiticlc in (he same plare. The whllcncss of (he 
U'mcnl lenilert it doubly vo-lusble. 

Cement— lor joining china or gUM. — i IftinKlasft, one ounce; 
dintilled vinex'"'< l>*'<^ x"<' » '"<'f uun('i.-«; 9piriu of wine, Iwo uunees; 
f[um ammoniac, one-half ounce; gum maMit, onc-balf ounce. Mix 
well anil keep in n bottle tighlly corked, 

3. SiMk a Utile fine i'tinitlaM in water until It In ouitr totl. then di»* 
solve it in priiof vpiril. nlinini; in ii lilltc resiti vamish. 

3. Take rough Russian isinKUss. soak in sufficient water lo make It 
■oft, then dissolve it in proof spirit, and add a little rnin vamlih. 

Cement — EgTptlan. — For mending! china, glnu or woodcnware. 
lake one pound of Ihc br»l white Klue, one-hiiii piiund dry white lead, 
one quart soil water, one-half pint altiobot: put the three nnjcles In a 
dish, and th.it diih in a pot of boiiinE water; let It boll until dls- 
tulved, then add the alcohol and let ft boll again until mixed, A 
Utile camphor thould be added to pre»cn'c it and disKuiso its compo- 
Kition, 

Cement— to buten leatfaef on top rvllers. — Gum arabic, tiro and 
(hree-quaner rjunce«; iMngloia two and three-quarter ounces; dissolve 
eadi aeparalely In water, and mix. 

Cemeat (Cl JCcrinc}. — Profetsor Hinel has discovered an ira por. 
IMit useof ftlycerine. When glycerine is mixed with fine and well 
dried litharge. It yields a cement thdt 1> capable ol a large namber of 
ap[>licstl<inii, AIJ mruU ami nearly all colid biMJIc* can be boiiBd 
logether bj' Ibis cement, ]l is Mid lo harden under water as readily 
u la the air, and to resist a temperature of five hundred degrees. It 
It eapeclally recommended for Kueh pieces orapporatus as arcexposed 
to tba anion o( chlorine, hydrochlorte arid, sulphuric add, liulphur- 
oua acid, and nitric adil; also the vapor of alcohol, ether, and bisul- 
phide of carbon, as none of these agents act upon it. The cement 
can be used in steam engines, pumps, fotiadalions for mocbincTy. 
and Anally, as a aub«llinte for plaster )n galvano-plaMct and elcctro- 
platinK- The preparation of glycorfne nnd litharge to be taken must 
depend somewhat on the ronsislenc v of the cement, and its proposed 
uses. A^ excess ol glycerine iroulci retard the selltoc, as il does not 
mdily evaporate. 



WHAT nVEh-V OA'e SHOULD A'AVW. 65 

Cement (Gutt* Perch»1.— Thi» hfghly recommcmled cement it 
mnde by mdltng logclhcr, in BD iion pan. two part* common pilcll. 
Knd nnr pait Kutu pErchi, (lirrlnic (hem weJI lOKClhci tinlll Ihotoufth- 
ly iiK'viriwtiiiril. mid ilieii puuriiiK ihe liquid intu mid walcr. When 
cold it is black, solid und visstic; but It soCitnt with hcui. und ut one 
hundred degrees Fnhrcnhcii i* a thin fluid, II may b? UM;r1 a* a tolt 
pHSlr. ur In the liquid maic, Mid answcra an excellent purpuM; In 
ccmcniinic mcul. kIum. iKircelain. Vtoty, etc. Itniay be used in»loaid 
of putty tr,i Klsiinic windows. 

Cemeat (Japanese).— Immediately mix the best powdeicd rice 
with -t UIlIr^ c-jM Hdier. then gradually add boiling wjiei until a 
ptugirc i-<mkjvirii< y ihA'iuifnl. hrinK porilculady careful 10 keep it 
well sliried M tlx- lirrii;; Instly. it must be boiled tor ii minute in a 
clean stiucepun ur catihcn pipkin. This glue is beautifully while and 
almost trinsparetil. (or which reason U IK welt adopted (of lancy 
{uper wotlt. whkh requlrt^ n strong and oolortew cement. 

Cmeiit (Jewelers' Armeniaji). — Isinglua soaked in nater and 
dinolved Id spirit, two ounces (thick); dissolve lo this tcD grains ot 
Terr pale gum ammonia (In lean) by rubbing ihem together, then odd 
•ixUrgelCArsof gum mastic, dissolved in Ihe lca«( pOMlblc qunniiiy 
of reclified spirits. When carefully made. thi» cement resists raoisC- 
nre and dricn coiorlei*. Keep in a closely slopped phial- 
Cement (Jewelers'^. — Put In a bocile two ounces of IslngloM and 
one ounce of the best gum arable, cover them with proof spirits, 
cork looaely, and pince tlir bottle in a vcMcl of water, and boil it till a 
thorough Mlulion is effected, then strain It for use. 

CcfBcnt— lor petroleum lomps.—Boil three parts of resin with one 
pan of caustic »oda and live of water. The composition is then 
mixed with half its weight of pla«(cr of H%rij». and nets firmly in one- 
half to three-quarters o( an hour. It is of great adhesive power, not 
permeable to petroleam, a low condtutor a? heat, but doc superficially 
attacked bj hot water. 

Cement— for kerosene i>ll lAcape.— 1'he mncnt commonlv used 
for (aslcnin); Ihe tops nn kerofene lamps Is plaster of ParU, which is 
porous ami quickly penetrated by the kerosene. Another cement 
which has not ihia tielect Is made with three oarts of iie»ln, one of 
caustic soda, and live <it water. The cnmposiiion i» mixed with half 
Its welxhl of plaster of Paris. It set* (Irmly in about three-quarters 
of an hour, and is uid to have great adhesive power, doi permeable 
lo ketoseoe, a low conductor of heat, and not supcrflclally attacked 
by water. 

Cement— to withstand heat utd moUturc.— Pure white lead or 
clnC-while KroutKl in <.ii) and imrd ver)* thick is an excellent cement 
lor mending biokcn ciockery ware; but it takes a vcri* Ions lime to 
harden. It ii well to put the mended object In some itore-room. and 
not In [00k oiler it for tcvcral weeks, or even monthk. It will then 
be found *o Armly united IhHt. if ever again broken, it will not pact 
en tbc line of Itie former tcacluie. 



w 



m/At £VE/tV OA'JS XffOt'lP A'.VOtt^. 



Cement— for seatiiiK bottlei, etc.— Mix ihiet p«Mii n( redn. on« 
ol CKiittii- sndii, uiiil lU'f 111 walcr. ihli composiiion Is (Ilea mJtcd 
with halt itH wcif^bt of ultiMct at Pari)-, The rcmipnund ficls in ihrt«- 
quanen a( an hour, adhi^rea scrunjtly. is iioi permeable like pluicr 
ined alone, and Is allocked only slighily by wunn waler. 

C«m*flt— (or geilera.1 use,— One c4 the mosi utefut rrmenio for 
KenuDil ant. it mixie by nietliuK li>iirlhcr luva |>art« nf I'oinindn pilch 
and one pan of pure (ntii vulcaniied or mftnufsctared) |{Uiia perchk. 
When ihorauphly mixed, pour into cold wutti. and makeup iotocoft- 
vcnlcni Millet, There oic few ankle* that this trill not untie and 
hulJ. when Ihr color is nut ubjci'lionablc. and Ihe article Ik nol to b« 
healed. 

Cement — hr broken marble. — Take iriiin anbic one jxnitiil: n<>kc 
int[> n (hkk muciluse: add lo it powdered ploaier ol Parw. one and a 
h»1( poundt; >i(ied <|iikk time, nvc ounce*; mix iretl; hot the mar- 
ble and apply thr mixture. 

Cement— tor glus.— A jjood »nd durable cement for repairing 

!;Iai» Is roadc by di»olv{nK ^nc glue In acetic acid until a Ihln posw 
s formed. The articles to be mended nhnuld be perfectly clean, a* 
(he leHHl bit of icrcMy »ubxtiuicc on the broken edge* will prevent it 
from slicking. 

Cement- for china, etc, — An execllenl cemeni (or mending china 
artictcK when broken can be mode by mixing flour with white of cgx 
[o the codf^inlrnt y of a pasne. Hoi vtatcl does nol injure, but lathoi 
bardena this »ini])le n-meiil. 

Cement — foratovea, etc. — Wood Allies and common salt, made 
eompocl with Wiiler, will slop the i incfcs ol a stove, and preveol Ihe 
smoke from escaping. 

Cement— to mend leaky boilera.— Powdered llthurRc. two p*Rai 
vtry fine snnd. two piiri«; ^Uke<! ^luick lime, one poit. Mix all tc 
gelhcr. To use. mix the proper quantity with boiled linseed oil Mid 
apply quick- tt gels hard very soon. 

Cement {Turner's), — Brci-wax. one ounce: icalr; oiic-lioll oune«| 
prlcli, onr-li^iH oiiiu'e: mHl. nnddtlr in fine brick iluM. 

Cement '.White),— Take white (Itsh) glue, one |x>und and ten 
ouncct; dry white lend, six ounces; soft water, Ihree pints: alcohol, 
one pini. Diuolve the f[liic by putting 11 In a tin kettle or dlnh con- 
taininic the wntcr, and ici ihin di'h In a kettle of nater lo [irevenl the 

{{iue from treinK burned. When the glue i«»ll di«sotrcd put in the 
eod and Kir and boil until it is Ihuroughly mixed: remove from the 
Arc, aiul when cool enough to bottle add the alcohol, and bottle while 
I( la yet warm, keeping it corked. 

Cement— (Of mending earthenware,— Oraie n pound of old chc«»r 
with a bread -It rairr. into n quart of milk. In whith it must he left for 
a period o( fourteen houis. It should be siined (|uite often. A 
|M>iind of unslacked lime, finely pulverired in a mortar, it (hen added 
and the whole i* ihorouKhly mixed by beating. Thi* done, the white* 
of tw«nty-Bvc egg* arc Incorpotiiled with the re>i and the whulo b 



WHAT EVERY ONE SHOULD A'XOH: &j 

ly foe use, TKere la another cemrnt fur Ui« ume parpofc which 
U uicd hut. It U made of rtsin. btnwax. brick-<luM. and chalk 
lioilcd iQgclher. TheBubsIanccs i<i bcicmenicd must be hmled.and 
whcTi cbc turfaccs arc »)akecl wiib cement, ihry must be rubbed hard 
upon VAfh ocher. aa In making a ^luc joint with woud. 

Cement iSoft)™for steam-botters, stcjun-pipes, etc.— Rtd ur 
vhilt Icail. ill oil, four part^; iruii borinsi, (vo to three pjirlh. 

Cement iHard.y— Imn borings and salt wutci, anduitmull ijuaniiiy 
of »nl-jnimniuHi:, «(ih frcth walcr. 

Cement— for gatti tiers'.— Mix together resin, four tmd one quar- 
Icr parti; n.ix, i.-nc putt, anJ V'entlian red. three ports. 

Cement— for plumbers'. — HUcU reiin, one pan; brick-<luKI, two 
pail*, well inC'.ri.Drslfil by a nieilinK heat. 

Cement— for coppersmiths". —Bulled linseed i>il»nil red lead mixed 
togetliet into apuily. are olten used by coppcniniilh* and engineers 
M Kcure Joints; the washers of leather or cloth arc smeared with 
this mixture in n patty ^t.tte. 

Cement— for holes or cracks. — Red lead ground in oil, six parts: 
white lead, three parts; OKidc of inungan«>e, two parts; silicate ol 
Mtda. OBC pan; Inhume one-half part;a11 tnixeil and used at putty, 

CtlUnn — to decorate, — A country house may oftentimes lie «» 
prettily decorated m tu be a Joy to it» pas«e«»or. and a home nut in 
the least behind city homes in tasteful arranKcmenL In fact, so m«ny 
more people In (he country own iheir homes than do city people, that 
it aoems alm<iM na (f they, as a matter of coarse, mURi take a pride In 
decoraiinc and adoinlng them. We will not tpe^alc of roo(» arid ver- 
andas and vines, etc, . which all come oulitide. and concerninR which 
the mole members of the family must be mure or leu consulted be- 
fore chance cao be made, but of the internal arrangements of the 
wall and wuudwoil: and ceiling. Generally, we And the plain, while- 
noshed ceiling in the couniiy liou«e. But it Is no niure needful there 
than In llic citv. It can be painKd any color which conirusis well 
with the woodwork and paper of (he walls. Then with a stepladdcr, 
|K^nl. bruish, and sienctl.pUte. any lady con decorate her celling to 
suit herself, l( i>hc (ccU that she has not the skill — thou|{h ll doc» 
not take much— she can purchaM cxceediiiicly prettv paper (or the 
celling, designed in artistic patterns and colors, fnr moderate cost. 
f' This, honcver, needs care In putting on. that it may be straight and 
•moolh. and the pattern not tnislrd avrt'. I think the paml and 
slencil-platc l^r ravin tc manngr, and if a simple design has l)een 
chosen it ourIii nut ti' In- vi>nsielcrcd a very sreal task to put it on. 

Ceilings iSmokyi — to eleaa.— Ccilinj-s that have been smoked by 
a kcruhcnr.Ump should be washed otS with soda water. Grained 
wood sh'iulil be wathcd with cold lea. 

Celery Cteiun.— Cut celery Into very small pieces, rejecting the 
tougheii green portions. Add only water enough to keep It from 
butniiiK. and boil It In a closely covered vessel for an hour, or until 
pcrlcctly tender. Then add a sufhcJcnl quantity of milk, dm thick- 



lyiiAT nve/tv oys shovld know. 

•ned with a ublupoonful of flour to cnch plnl. pcwiuualjr rubbed 
Binooth wlih iwo lablespooniuU ol bulti^r. Hnd sail snd pepper U> ttic 
tMie, verjr Utile »( the oeppcr. Boil tind serve as suun at the Hour 
» ihoroughljr coolcvd. If made mculeraiely thin with the milk, flour. 
&iid butler. It can be nibbed Ihiough d coUndcr, wlieii It Kives a dc- 
Jki'iui. crcnm-Ulce soup. .Smooih squnrct o( brnid well browned aic 
frequently put Into Ihe soup when flnishcd. A bowl »f this, csicn 
with bread, the tiamc wt bread and milk, rookci an cxccllenl noon ' 
lunch, 

C«l«ry (Stcwedl, — The celery Ie wafihed and rut up in piec«« of an 
Inrh oi IcM. K<>[ 111!!'. Malk* ihui ate xul Ihoroughty bleached, and 
which would be rtjeticd by Ihow who cat it raw, mnv he u»e<l, Tlial 
which !<■ Iro])crfccily bleached is stronger Ihon (hat whirh is oliiie 
thl'Ou^houl, but any unplcaMinl flavor Is iliivcii nfl in ibc cuokinK. 
The celen' in C'Vcrcd wiih water, and allownl i<i slew genily until 
iKuroughly lofi. If thorc if too miicb water fijr the sau<c. pour off 
the eaccKs, add a generous lump of bullcr. and flout, stirred nf>i in a 
little cold water, enough to make a sauce about ah thick as cieuni, 
add nail, if needed, and pepper, if dcalred. Those who Iry this will 
be quite sure V* repeat it. 

Cc1m7 Soup.— Cut celery >mall and stew it until it it very soit. It i 
is then l<> be lubhctl through n ticve or colander iti KCparale the 
Abtes. Thi^ celery pulp ia added lu :i ici>'>d sluck'-a plain suup made 
from mcnt. with only sail on a sciWioinK, slifthily thickened, nod 
Maaoned with pepper, etc. This is the usual cclerv soup a* met with 
at rMtauranli'. ft It better If made with milh. Wc are not aware of 
any definite proportion: the ce'ety pulp ■« ihinned with milk; Hour , 
silrreil up with butirr in added lu iliKhlly ihirken it. and s;ilt and i 
pepper ore used as seasoning. A small lump of sugar vlll greatly ^ 
impn-ve it. Serve vcr^- hot. 

Celery— a inedicinc. — Celery boiled in milk and eaten with thc'l 
ijqillk acrved o« a bever>K<. in »aid to be a cure for rheumatism, gout, 

I a apedfic in cose of small.pux. S'en'ous people And great com. ] 
^»rt in celery. 

Cbalk — uses of. — Chalk, when prepared by wothing. becoi&m wi | 
akiiingent as well an anlai'iil. 

It is used inicrnally in diarrhOFa. in the form of mixture, and ex. ' 
ternalty iit an application to burns, scalds, and excoriattons. 

Ooif of the iniiluir from one to two ounces. 

Chamois Skin — to cImh. — Chamois may be cleaned in o soliilioii 
of wrA »'«!■ and warm water: rub plenty of soft soap lnl« the 
Icalhcr. unil allow it to remain In soak for two hourt, then rub It well 
until it la iiuilc dean. Afterward rinse It well in a weak iolution 
composed of warm nuier. Bi>da. and yellow »onp, II rinsed tn water 
only, It becomes hard, when drv. ami unHt for u^e. The small quan- 
tity of Miap left in the leather allows the finer panicles of ifac leather] 
10 Hparua and become soft like &ilk. After rinsing, wring It well ia 



W/fAT Et^EKY OXE SHOUiJ) KXOW. 



(-> 



Pi 



* rough lowcl nnd dry quickly; (hen pull it aboul and brush ii well, 
■nd It will heroine tofirr rni'l better than mo«i new leather. 

Chamois Leather— to cleanat. — Dirly *ra»h Icnihvr U frequently 
Ihrovii ;ui(tv and wuslnl for The w^nt of lEouwinji; how 10 cleiln it. 
Make > sulullon »f wnh wiU and Harm water, ruti pleiiiy of Ki>fi 
soap into Ihc lejiihcr nn<l allow it to remain In soak for (wd hours, 
then rub it well iikIjI it li iiuitc ili'iin, Afii-rwHrd rinse it well In h 
weak Kilution comtKisf'l <•( ivnnu wnler. v>iU. iitid jrellnw t«ajfi. It 
cnuxl (IM be rin«e<l in water only, for then it vruuld be wi huii). when 
dry. as to be unfit for use. Ii is the small quantity of soap Ivlt rn the 
Icflihei ihkt altoas the Rner |Min!cte* of the leather to separate and 
become «<>!( liku mIIc. Alter rinBingf wrinic it well In a inuHh towel 
ami dry quickly, then pull it about anil brush il u-ell. imd it will lie. 
cwmc softer and belter than mosi new leather. In u»in(; ii toui;h 
I leather to imich up hlKlily polished surlaccs. it is frequently iiljserved 

I to srrntvh the wock ; IIiih i'' <:(U)>cil t>y panicles of dust, and even hard 

I rau|ce. tbut xrc left in the leuther, and if (DinuVcd hy a cle^n, rou^h 

^^ brt»h it will then rwc the brightest and best fmish. which all ifond 
^H workmen likr to see on their work. 

^H* Chaniamik Tea— toitic— Into n common china teapot put about 
^^B twenty-five jti'iul mxuiI clianiomile flowers, and |iout over them one 
^^P pin I of boiling wutcr, Let the infu&ion oland half tin hitur; then pour 
^^ It off into a u'ine bottle, and. if desired, sweeten it with a little dukut 
r or honey. It is best uniwtctcned; a wineglass should be taken three 
^^ limes a <tny before rMlnif. 

^H Chamomile— and ita uses. — The nowcm "f the chamomile arc 
^^k Ionic. sliKhlly an>.>dyne, unli-spanmodic. iiiid emetic. 
^H They arc used externally as fomentalioD*, In colic, tace<ache, iuid 
^^k luiDalt. and (or unhealthy ulcers. 

^^ They are ui-eil internally in the (onn ai infuition, with carbonate of 
•nda, itintiei. ;ind iitlier Htom^cliir remedie*. >ii dytpepaia, lUiulcni 
colte. debility (olluwinj; dysentery, and gout. 

Warm inftision of the Aowers act* as an emetic; and the powdered 
^^ flowcn arc somciimcs combined with opium or kino, and given in 
I^KIdlcrmittcni feverx. 

^^B D«tt: Of the jiowdeted (towers, from ten grains to one dram, twice 
^^ br thrice a day; of the infusion, from one to two nunces. as a Ionic, 
tlir«e timesaday; and (mm sU ounccs.lo one pint, as an emetic; of 
the extract, from l\ve to iwcfiiy Ktalii*. 

Ch*mp«gnc-^for hot weather. — To lour paii«of >cllier water add 
•me ounce of Mcisdic uinc. or hock, and put a teuspoontiil of 
powdered sui;ar into a wineglassful of this mixture: an ebullition 
lakes place and you have a sort of champagne which Is more whole- 
soRie in hot wcnihi-f ihun the genuine wme known hy th.tt n:i.tne. 

Chandelier— to tcnew.^To renew a duiiy and dintolotvd elmndea 
Iter. apt'Iy -i mixture of bronie powder and copal varnish. The druK> 
\l^t\ where ihey arc purchased will tell you in what proportion they 
IMould be mixoa. 



JO WHAT KfF./lY ONE SIIOVt.a JirXOiF. 

^Jupptd Handa. — When one's hand* arc chnppcd, he is «1<rnfi 
moie or Ins liable to absorb poisonnus maiter into bb system— In the 
handUni:, cay. of puirid mcnt, or in (he wufaing of cloitin, luiat a 
slek-rtwRi. or ctrouln^ siinie foul soic. Where ihe iiurduc oil ii 8uffi< 
ricnl. it ii upl !•> be wavhei) nlT, esperinlly niih warm water, Umer 
ihiiii it in secreted. Kii( the difficulty i» Ktcuity inereiuted bjr the 
olkoli (sotia or pdinih) of the tonp. which not oitXy idkcs up the oil, 
but Dcluotl)' cats through ihc rpidefinis. The but help for chnpped 
hmid* if. hKvInK wonhcil them ihorouKhly before tetiiioK. to rub them 
liver nilh muliun tallow and weur thrnuKli the niitht a pair of easy- 
leather ([loves- Persons in whom the tendency to ehap Is not ao 
flron^. may keep ibcii hands in condition by an occaaloiuil tESorl to 
ihii irtnimcnt. 

Chapped Hands— treatment of.— Mix quarter pound un»attcil 
hill's l.iiil, will! h hh'iuM be ivakhci] Antt in hul water, and then in 
luse-wulcr. with ihc yolk oi anew-laid esg and a Inrgc spoonful of 
honey. Add lo this as much fine oatmeal or almond pane a* will 
make the uholc mlo n putte, and apply thii after HiivhinK Ihr hands. 

Charcoal— to make. — Moke a foundation ofcarih with a Ktit-htly 
convex «utf»<e ^lljchily rtiB?d iibove the natural lurfaee, drives long. 
*tuut slake down iri (he middle, and round this pile (he irood cut Into 
lengths of three feet or so. When the he.ip ii finished cover (he pile 
with two inches of dry edrth. covered with nod, £">** ^iilc >"- The 
ktake itiAy then lie dmwti out. and the cavity Riled with hhavings and 
chips- The hole in the [op muM be cliiMd iw soon at the fire is fattlv 
Maned. VcniilaiinK spaces must be left at the base lilt ihc lice is well 
ealablinhed, 

Charlotte Russ*.- 1. Take one-hfthof a packaKC nf Krlniine and 
one bull a i'u]>iul cold milk: place in a farina bi>llet and slrr Kently 
over the fire until the gelatine is dissolved; pour into a dish and place 
In a cool room; take one pint of rich cream and whisk ilwiiha (in eg^g- 
liciitrr unill it Is thick: Havoc the cream with either vanilla «t wine, 
and Awcclcn lo lutlc: when theKclmlne l&cuol strain carefully into the 

fifeparcd crrain; tine a mould with Uidy finKcni; then pour Ine cream 
n carefully until i( is filled; cover with taily lingrrs and ice the lop If 
you dealre it. 
a. A slmpl* but dclieloiM chailoue nisie It made as IoUowh; Dae 

Clnt of swcel cream, sweetened and (Uvored to taste; on« and one- 
alf ounces of Cox's ftelaiine. whites of three eggs; dissolre the 
grlutlne in a little milk and add it (o (he ereHm, Ici it»iand until quite 
ciiltl. then add the whites of (he e^gs beaten vcn- Rtlll. Line )i>ui 
mould) nithlong strips <>( sponge cake or lady finf(cr« and lltl with 
the aliovc mixmre. 

Checkt.' Il-ink cheek* are orders drawn by individuals or fimis on 
a bunk or hanker, payable cither to "bearer or to "order." When 
payable to " heaicr they arc uauAtly paid lo the holder on preacnia- 
tiun: if lo "order." lUlhough properly endorsed, slranjfurs cannot 
draw money on them wilhouc bein^ identified. 




WHAT EVERY OA'E SHOULD KXOW. 



>* 



ATI chrrkg muci bo prr^mtcd wilhin n misciDHble lime. 

A erciliior Is not bound \a uVe a (heck in payment of debi. 

Cherae— colorius for.— The nilfiring for cheese !», oi mx least 
should be. Spanish annalto; bul. as siion nit colorlnK beome fiencrul 
in ihU country, a color of an mliilicrHicil kind wa» cxpti^ed ('<r saleir' 
aitni v[ i-vrry %\w^. Ttie Wright u[ a guinea and a lialfof renl SpaitlsK 
anitiiiiriiB KufTicicni foruchcec oKiriyjioundt' weight. If a consider- 
able ]iari of the cream of the oiahl'i milk be taken for butler, more 
coloiiDK i>i11 be rcqulilie. The Icnncr ihc cheese Ii, ihe irnifc c<iW- 
ingii reijuiret. The mannrrnf iitlnji annaito ikto lie- up in a linen r.-iK 
the ([uaniity deemed gul1i< ient. and put it into one-hiitf pint of niirm 
•Wor over nii^bi. This infusion 14 pul into Ihe tub ul milk in the 
morning wjih the rennet infusion; dipping the rag into the mllli, and 
nibhing it ngninsi the palm of the hand ai long many color niiu out. 
The yolk of egg will cJor liiiUcr, 

Cheese — to keep (roni mould. — Di«8»1ve u spoonful of bruised 
pepper, Iwu leaspoonfuls of Sidl. uud the Hiime quanlity of borocic 
acid in a quartet o( a pint of btnndy for n few days; Iheo filler the 
fluid through A cloth and dilute wiih an equal quantity of water. 
Some of the prepnrailon In Iniroduced Into the cmckR of^thu cheeM 
by nieansirfa feather, or bctirr wilh!i*miillj!lii»«»yririi(e. If place* 
w hi<h have been nibbled by mice are rubbed witli the liquid no mould 
will form, ll will put ■■ jumpers " to IliKbi. 

Cheese — from veaL — Take out Ihe bone from a khoulde^r of veal, 
and cut It Into smnll piccct; clew (III lender in a very Utile trslcr. 
Removo all pieces of i^lsdc. and chop very rinc: then return to the 
Kame Uqtlor it waa bulled in: add ooe pound of cold hoiled iwrh, 
chopped very fine, one spoonful of salt, one teaspoonful each of pep- 
per nnd mnce, a variety oj nweet herbs, and iwo well-beaten etcK*; 
foiik ten minuicB. then pour all intii an earthen dish, cover with a 
plate, and bcikc one hour. To be sliced and eaten culd. 

Cberty Pecti>ral (Ajer'B).— Take four Rrains of acetate of mor- 
phia; (WO Huld drams of llnclute of bloodtoot; three fluid dramK 
each of anilmonint nine and nine of ipecacuanha, and three ttuld 
oum'es 'if 'yrup of wild cherry. Mix, 

Chewing Gum. — Take i-f prepateil balsam of totu, two ounces; 
white lugit. ore ounce; o.itmcai, three ounces; softea the gum in 
wairr baih and mix in the Ingredients; then rail In finely powdered 
tiuifur or fl(>ui to form sl!<k<^ to suit. 

Chickens— to fatten. — The bird* muxi lie f>hu( up: Ihe pen or cage 
mu^1 not be i<>u UrKc. and il should not be ligl" i>i>'l close. Fur a 
doien birds ft coop ihice fed wide or deep, four leet long and two 
and a half feet high is UfRe caougb. The whole coop may pr'~>pcrly 
be made of slaia, except the roof. The Root thnuldbe so made a* to 
allow Ihc droppinn of the birds 10 f&U Ihrouxh. Birds that Hill 
agree peacably only should be cooped together in a fultcning-peo. If 
one Is eras* and masterful, turn him or her out. and keep the fattening 
4nc*i)nlct> Give as much food aa they will cat up clean, in aiiough 



7* WHAT BVBRY ONE SlIOVLD KNOW. 

oi boKliM Id (rant of the cage, and sive water adrr the XttA i* ralen, 
As»chwise. K<ve»oine*iin(l or t:TH<'cl. or powdcml chat i-ral, once 
I a day. Keep the iliop nut in an airy pln<'c, liut nut where eold winili 
[will blow through ii. Feed lalhcr »pikrinKl)' than othcrwUc the lim 
*o or three days: afterward give ax much at they will cat. Tin* 
rcotillnacd for two week* should K'^'e y"ii fionil. Ia> fowlii; if (hey Hte 
noCfatscmielhinK iswron):. ami Ihry bhtiuld \k let oiii. P«wla will 
(alien litter two weeks' (ecciiriu, bul they will not lie so good lu eat. 
Three weeks » long enough, if nl] i» right. 

Chicken (Brailed),— Spilt the <hjcken npcD on ihe hack aail ihcn 
lliiltcn wiih » cleaver: Uy in n dnpiilnK-I'in wuh llie inside (if the 
chicken next to ihe pan; hake one hnur iinil liiiitte oenuiunally: when 
done make a gravy with the gibleis and ii liiilc butter and brown 
Dour. 

Chicken (CurTJMl). — Cut n chicken into pieces. M-juon and liy in 
butter. SIkc »n union and fry in butler, mid h Iriicuiiful o( ktock 
•nd tables poonful of curry powder mixed with a Utile fiour and 
nibbed smooth with n little slock: uiit; boil five tnintue*. 

ChkkcnCholera— cure.^Forchicken cholera mix a good supply 
of »ftll» in Ihr tlimgh wlic-n ficdlng. Keep pieniy of fresh water and 
a elean house (or them. 

CUckeoa — to cure gapes in. — Thi* very coimmon and fninl com- 
plaint in chickenn itiiiy readily becurtd by giving them small pills ol 
doiiKh ihiiriiuKhly iniiircL;iiAtcd with soft soap. 

Chickens (Voung)— food for.— n writer In the Prullry V^rd, who 
liclievct that chiikctin nrc often injured by corn meal, wmild nnl let 
Ihctn have corn in any form until they are three or four weeks old, 
anlcu it be a little scalded or cooked meal, (ed occojlooBlIy ; and the 
principal food should he stale bread crumbled Gneor tn«i»tc-ne<l with 
milk, with whe«I ix-reenlnRf. (when they get old enough to est). Maid- 
ed ontmeul. and coliajEe cheese, iniule ff'in sour milk. Thia is not a 
rerr expensive method of feeding, as the chickens, bring so smoJI, 
will not consume much of it doily, while the best results Itavc Invar- 
Ubly followed such a system of (ceding and mananrmenl. I( is far 
better 1" x<i in » little eMi:i ripenm than lo uland the chunce of 1oi> 
inR a number of valuable hitda. 

Cbickcn-Pox. — This is a harmless but an annoying disease. A* 
II resemble* moillticd smoll-pox, or variutoiil. the doctor shoulil be 
called upon to decide which it i». Kecj' ■!«' [Client in ihr bouxe. and 
other children away. 

Chicken Lice — to deMro^. — The first signs of lice are with eArljr 
telling hens. From their not soon a whole house will be overrun 
wilh Ihr pesi*. Chick* than the presence o( lice vrty quickly, And 
lice a>a certain death i<> thrm if they .tic not pruiccted. Have all 
nCMs inavable, and change the cuntrrls frequently. With silting 
hens* nest* be sure to have the nest clean and the box and suttuund- 
litgs whitewashed before she in placed. Whitewash and Ihe dusi box 
''We the surest preveAiives ti( lice. Put two or three coats ai white- 



W/U T £ I'EH Y OXE SHOULD KNO W. 



73 



VMh on cv«ry Inieriof ipot in the building: Ihc Ilcc harbor in the 
CKVicM of the TUu^h sidings, and on ih<- under f^i[l« of ihc perche». 
Lei Ifae fcivrl houi* have u dust bux. Mix hoi hhIw^ wiih the duit 
occiuionAlly lo dr>" it. Do all ihJJ earl)' in llie year, before «prinK 
iRylng and Killing. Kero*enc nnd ioril when applied ii n sure cure, 
hul Ihey are too oflen dani{rf">ii>i In llicir rflecli, A litllf tasior oil 
on ill* hcud :ind Under (lie winip <■( sillinx hen* ii very effeiliec. 
Don't ke«p a brood hen in ii lillle cuop without a dust wulluvr. If 
younanirourfoirlx to lie freffrom lire you musl Icccp ihcir babiuiioo 
clean. The besc wity in dn (hat it by (iccanianal change of the neat 
COnlentH und tborouKb whitrw^i-hinji of the npanmeni. 

Chicken — for tea.'-Ur'il » diicken (or chickens) in ua lit lie wairras 
poMible. uiiiil the meal falii fr'>ni the bones. Chop the meat line, 
and idion wiih salt nnil jiepper. Put into Ihc bottom of n mold 
■omc slicch of hftid tmilcd egs* 'hen a layer of the chopped chicken, 
Another of ei^K. Ibeii chicken, until the mold i* nejirly full. Boil down 
the water in which the chicken wu« cooked, with a large pinch u[ 
gelatine laois. until aboui a cup and a half full ii l«fl; (eoxon, and 
xmin through a very coarsi: net and poui iivei the mould of chicken. 
Let Et staod ovor ni|{;hi or nil day ncni the ice. To be »li<cd down 
lor KUpper. »nd xamiihed with cel«ry-lopit or pMsloy. 

Chilblains— to Cure, — Wear boots which do not hurt the feet, and 
so vkhoLii itockinkti. Thi* in an oimoM certain cure, an we know 
Ifom ub<-rrvation in many caiet. Tl'e feet recover their (nne at 
health xlowiy, tiul jiurely iind jieimHnenily. The sweating of the 
(oct Caliied by slockingt, eipcclully thick, woolen ones, and the re- 
lention oi this iwcat aggravaies the disease, and .10 does ihe itrila- 
lioa of Ihc ikln caused by Ihc trool. Ii Ik remarkable how comforta- 
ble the feet arc in boni* when there arc no Rock* around ihcni. The 
lotions, ulvcs, and oinlnienis used fur chilblsinii arc of tilllc use. 

Chilblaios — fcmediea. — 1. Glycerine, one ounce; carbolic acid, 
one-half a dram; mix and applv night and morning. If ihe suRering 
l.< severe, Hoak the feel every nighl In a lea made of white oak bark, 
ThiH icmvdy fs said 10 be infallible. 

a. Slice raw polaiues with (he skins on, and sprinkle over Ihem a 
little sail, and as soon aa the liquid ihercfrom settle* in ihe boit'>i:i of 
Ihc dish, iraxh with ll Ihe chilblains. One application is all thai is 
ncccKtary. 

3. it) ihceveninft, before retiring. I*ke Mit and vinegar made aa 
hoi aH call lie li'irne on the parts affected; baihe with a small cloth, 
and do to until cured. 

4. An unfailing remedy for chilblains: A mlutlon of ihlfty Kralna 
of prrmangmaie <>f poiassH in an ounce of pure waier. to be applied 
th'MiiuKhly with brukh or swab, or in Ihe form of » poultice, 

t. I>i»>ilve one ounce ol while vitriol in a pint oi water. Bathe 
ihc iNirts allecled very often. 

Cntldtea's Di«eJises— tr«*tmeat «t— In the cn«c of a baby not 
yet bein){ able 10 talk, it muvt ciy when it is ill. The colic makei • 



^* 



74 



Wffjir EVEJtY O.VE S//OVLD X.VOW. 



bmby ny loud, \ang ud poulonately, and shed lean. Mopplni (or a 
monienl and bestnninfc aicain, 

If ihe chcM U cITcci^. U givu one Hhurficry, limkint;i>(r fmcnedi- 
Atclv. ai if crying hun ll. 

It Ihc head l> cJIeclcd. it crict in xbarp. piercing ihrlckt. wiUi I'lW 
moann and wailt bclwocn. Or Ihcrf may be qulci doiinii. and stan. 
IngB belireen. 

It is eaiy enough to pcfcclrc, where a child Is allacked by dlneaie 
that there Ixiome chanitc lalclag place; tor cither lis ikln will hedcy 
•nd hot, 1|« appetite K'<ne: it i* irtQplilly alcepy, or frriliil unOcryioK; 
it i» thirsty, or pnlc and lanKuid, <ir in fwiiDc way beli»ys t)i!>i sutue- 
IhinK it wrnnc. When a child vomiu. ur hHti a diarih<ra. i>t n cot- 
live and levemh. It ii owinif to some derangement, dad needs alien' 
lion. Rul thcae vaiiout dympiDrnt may cunttnue for a day or two 
bcfomhf nature of the ilitic**? can Ire dcicrmincil, Awarmbalh. 
warm drink*, elc. can do no hiirm. iind may help In determine the 
caae. Oit coming out of llie balh. and beini; well rubbed with the 
hand, the skin nill nhcw symptoms of rash, if It U a ikln d<sca*c 
which hoi commcnccil. I)y the appramncc of the raah, the nature 
of th« diinioc rati lie Iparncil, Mrnttc* arc in pairhes, dark red. and 
coma mil fitM nbmit ilic (ace. If KCHrlel fever is im|>ending, tbi^ skin 
will look a deep pink all over ihe body, iliough mostly so about the 
neck and (ice. Chicken-pox showN lever, but not so much rannini: 
at the ni"^r, and appearance of <old, 4t Id mCAalea. nor is ihi'ie so 
much ■if a rxuKh, Be«ide, the apoM arc smaller, and do not run 
much toRFiher. and are more diSuscd over ihe whole surface of the 
skin, and enlarge inio liitle bUst«TS tn a day or two. 

Let ihe room where ihe child is sick be shady, quiet, and tout. He 
carflul nut !■) fptnV %o suddenly n* lu iilarlle the half-slcopinfc patient 
and handle it with Ihe icreatenl icntiernew when il is neorjsary lo 
move il. H i< is the lunss that suffer, have the little patient some- 
what cicvnicd upon ihe pillows for easier hrcalhing, and do ever ythinj; 
to soothe nail mvikr il rotnfortablc, sobs nol to have it cry. aa'\ lo EhU!i 
dl»trrM il<- inlljimed Iutik», If the child it very weak, do not move it 
loo suddi^nly. At it may be startled iniociiniulsiuns. In jdminisleiina 
a balh. the icreaicst pains must be taken nui i<i (tighien the child, n 
should be put tn so griidualty, and so amused by somethinK placed In 
the waleron purpiiKC as to (orgel its fear; keep up a Kt^ud supply of 
fresh air, HI atrmperstuie ofaboul !ilxiy-4ix dCKict* fabrenhvit. If n 
hired nur>e must be had, select if poMibIc a woman uf intcllit;encc. 
gentle and loring disposition, bind and amiable manners, and of a 
no*t pacific. unruflleJ and even temper. If a being can bo not poft- 
MMcd of iheM angelic qualities, and we believe there are many such, 
you will be ^utto Mfc in intruitinK to her cure the inana^emcnl of 
granraick child. orj'Ouraelf cither, in caae of sickness. She should 
not be under twcniv-five or over fifty-five, as between thee mo 
age* she Kill, if healthy, be !n her full streaKlh and eapaciiy, 

CkUdrvn T«ethiBg — lc< for. — 1'he pain of teethintc may be almost 



XVIIAT EVEflY O.VF. Sf/OUID JC.VOW. 



71 



don» airay. nnd the health of the child bcncHllcd, by Kivintc it fine 
splimcn ul kc, pickcit titl will) a pin, W mcll in itsmuutli. Tbedog- 
incnc is so small thai it is but n cliop of warm water bEfotc li can be i 
twallovcd, nnd ihi- child hu «U the CDolnm (or ii* fcvcrl».h K^mt ' 
without the slighlal itijury. The Aridity with which Ihr liillir IhriifcB 
Mttr lh<^ conlitlK ixorsel. the intunnt i|iiic^[ which Huccccd* hours o( 
trcifulims. and the »lc<p which folluwi the relief, are (he be«t wit- 
n«>sc^ to this maipc remedy. Ice may be fed to a three nrtonlhs' 
child this wav, each splinter beins no larger than a common pin. (or 
Ave <ir ten minulct, ihc result hcinK thai jl hot swallowed in Ihat titi.1! 
a iea«i)riiHiful ul warm wmtrr. which, no far from heme a harm, i( is 
Koud fur it. and llic pruceMi may be repealed hourly lu often ai Ihe 
(retiing (iii from leelhing begin. 

Chili S&uce. — Twelve large ripe lomaiocs, one large onion, foutj 
red pepper^: chop all loiteiher hoc: two cup* of HUK^r, one tabic 
spoonful of sail, one lableftpcionCut of viiiei;3r. one leaspoonful eaci 
of ground allspice *ni cloves. Boil until quite thick. Ihen hotilc and 
Mai. 

Chimney— to cicttiigtuish afire in. — So many serious, firei have been 
caused by rlilnineyH catrhinj; fire, anil not tieiiiK ijuickly cxtjnguiiihed, 
thai the folio wins meiliod of doinc (his should be made generally' 
known- Throw lome powdered brimstone on the Are in rhc tcraicj 
and Ihrn put a board iit Konieihinit in ilie from of the fire-place. lo 
prevent I lie funic* dcscendinit into ihe ri)oitl. Ttie vapor o( the brim* 
stone ascending the chimner. will then effectually extinguish (he soot, 
on Arc. Should a lire break out in a chimney, a welled blank 
should l>c nailed lo ihc upper ends of ihc mantle-niece, <io m to cov« 
ihe opening rntirely, when the fire will go oul of ilrelt, 

Chimney^ to clean. — To clean a chimney, place a piece of line 
on the Uve couli in Ihe stove. The vapcr produced by (he line will 
carry off ihe booi liy chemical decora posi lion. Those who have tried 
Ihe proc<?s claLm lliiit it will work every lime. 

Caints— to WAsh so as to preserve Us gloss and bejiuly. — Take 
two pounds of rice nml Imil il in two callnns of wulcr till soft: «hen 
done, pour the whole into a lub, let ii stand till about the warmth 
you In general use for colored linens; put Ihe chlnti in. and u.tc the 
rice inftleAd of soap; wash thcchinii in this till the dirt apjicdni I" he 
out: then boJ the fame (juiiTilily an atiove. bul drain the rice fri>m 
the water, and mix it in warm water. Wash il in [hi.s till quite clean; 
afiernard rinse il in waier the rice was boiled in. This will answer 
Ihe end of utarch. and no wet wlllellef:! il, as it will be stiff while ii i* 
irorn. il It Kown. it must l;e taken to pieces, and when dried, hani; 
it a* smooth aa posiibie; after dry. rub it wllh a smooth stone, but 
use no iron. 

CbinA— to mead.— China may be mended by a paste mode of the 
white of CKR. mixed with Hour. The article so mended will not hold 
water, bul (or vases, lamp-shaides. and simlUr purpo»e«, answers • 
good purpose, and it handjr. 



WHAT liVEKY O.VE SHOULD KS'OW. 

Chip Dirt — for fruit ttec3.~Miny (armcra do not koow thai they 
hnvp « mine "f wt^illli^a sma-ll one — in the vcty ilooryard. Chip 
din U Ibv wty bv!.i mnii-rinl in mix witli tli« soil in scliingoul young 
trees. It a full of the clcmcnii of pUnt fond ami rctaint iiwiMuic. 
If you are KcliinR out u new orchard plow up and utillie ihe soil from 
the old *ood-pilc. 

Chloral— uKB ©r— dangerous, — An rxpetieticed phj-tician says thjit 
unyboily who continually u!t» chloral u n tkcping drauitli' '" fureto 
Iw killed liy it in ihc lon^ ntn. certain conditions of ih« physical nat* 
ure milking il «• ik.i'lly [HiiS'>n. 

Chloride ol Lime— a disinfectant .—This n very u»«ful lo counier- 
Mci dliagrcealilc smelU nnd n.i ;i dUintcctint. It i^boutd be pui inio 
Miinll earthen p«n». and set where needed. 0( cour»c, it will rriuira 
ucciuiuiia] reni'vriiijt, 

Thi» UKful diainleclant Hhould be kept in every bou»e lo purify a 
vick-rnom, and to remove all unpleasant smells. Tainted K'l'^mrnit 
may be rondcrrd harmleM by tprinkling ihcm wtlh a wrJik Milution 
of it: and a piece of ttpoiiitc dipped in thl* solution anil held to the 
none will enable uny one with compamlivr safety lo enter a (onl 
»e wrt . 

Chlorine Paatiles— for disiDfecting the breath.— I. Dry chlorldl 
of time. \vic\ ilriimv; >-ii,unr. ciitht ouncri^; atareh. one ounce; Run] 
Iragacanth. i'i>e dram; carmine, Iwo t;r»in», Korm into giiDall* 
loicnaes. 

3. Sugar flavored with vanilla, one ounce; powdered trajtaeanth, 
twenty icruinti: liquid chloride of todn dufliclent tii mix: add two 
dropi of any easenlial oil. Form a paste and divide into loiengc* of 
Afiecn grain* each. 

Chocolate Dropa.- Scrape chocolate lo powder, and add pounded 
suttvir in the girojionion «f two ounce* of chocolate In one pound of 
>uj(ar; muke ji into u paste with clean water; put it into u «(ew-panj 
wlihalipio it, not more Uian [hrce-parlii filled. and pl.ice it over a( 
hot pliilc, itirdnR It with n upoon: when it alcnoil boilt. take it from 
the nre and continue [o stir it. till it [> of n proper coniUteocc. Have 
fMidy a clean rmoolh tin plalc. and on (bis drop ihe chcicolHlc. Ii ic 
a Kood plan to regulate Ihe fallinK <'>f the drops from Ihc lip of the pan 
by meant of a amall p4ccc of wire; when cold, remove ihe drop* with 
a knife, il there U any danger of ntlckioK. rub Ihe tin plate llghtlr . 
nrer with a taf that has been wet with sweet oil. 

ChoUag— wayv to r«UtTt. — I. Do not lose an instant. Forc^l 
tlir m-^uih open with the handle of n knife oi of a long apoon; pudi.l 
the thumb and finKcn deep down into the throat beyond the mat ofj 
(he longuei and lee) for the foreign body. If the obMructlon cannot 
be graaped. a hair.pin bent into a honk andicuiiled by the lefl hand 
will nfieo bring it out. If this fails, net some on* to preos against the 
Itoni of the che*l or lupport it aeainit the edge of a table, and Strike 
Mveial hard, qvick blout with Ihe open hand on the back, between 



WHATRV^KY OJ\f/; sUOV!.t> IC.fOW. 



77 



A» fthouMer blades. Further tr»un«iit invsc be applied by a phy. 
licikii. wbo should have been iffltncdlaiely *ei\i tm, 

1. To prevent choking. I>triik hh ckr inlii h cup ickI jcive it lo ihe 
perw>n cholcmg. to swatlvw. The while uf the cm; Keenm h- (alcli 
arounil (he otttioclc and tecnovc il. If one egg <toet not anawn ihc 
putiicioe, try anolhei. The irhltc It all itint It iieccHnry. 

3, A smart bluw viih the Ant <>( (he lund an (he bw/k, }U«I below 
Ihc neck, vrill often relieve the windpipe. If il doe* not, Mnd fur Uie 
doclnr at once. 

4. Korciitn Nxlic« Inilitnl in ih« throal caci be rcmoveU by forcibly 
btowinjt into (he ear. The plan ia »v easily Iried anil «n harmlcitt 
Ihil wc safiiftut ili use. 

Chokra— rules for the prevention oC— We urge the netnslty, In 
all cuaev nt clioleta, <i( an in»(anl rccciurM 10 mcdlral hiiI, iiml alio 
under every form and variety of indiNpuritlon: for all (lisiirdeni are 
(uunil lo mcrae In ihe dominani discaic, 

\^t JminedMle relief be souKhl under disorder of the bowels ea- 
pNlally. however sHghi. The invaxion of chotcra may ihu» Ijc read- 
ily prcvenicd. 

Lcl erery impuriiy, animal and vegetable, be quickly removed to a 
dlaiaocc from the h.-ibltacioos'. such as •Uugntcr-houxe*. plg-KlIca, 
MM>pooU, ncceuurlcD. and all other docncallc nuitances. 

Let all uncovered dftdns be cardally and (requently i>rMn»ed. 

Lei the (crounda in and around the babiUIioiU be drained, no ua ef. 
fecmallv 10 carry oA moiiiure of erery kind. 

I.CI all panliloni be removed from within and without habitations, 
which unnocotikarlly Impede v-cntilniirm. 

Lei every room be daily thrown ogien (ur tile admiH^iixl <jf fresh 
air; this ihoutd be done ^bout noon whtn ihc atmosphere is muA 
likely to be dry. 

Let dry icriibbinK be uncil <n domcnlc cleanluf In place of water 
eleaniiit. 

Let eieessire fair^e. and exposure tn damp and cold, especially 
during ihe nlghl. be avoided. 

Lei the use of cold drink* and add liquors. eapeeSolly under failgu«, 
be avoided, or when (he body la healed. 

I.e( (he uxc of cold acid fruita and vcKCIidilrs tie avoided. 

Let FKceu in the uie of ardent and (eriiieiiled liquors and tobacco 
bo Bvuided. 

Let a poor dlci, oiul the u*c of laipure walcr !n oookinit, or (or 
drioklng. be avoided. 

Let lh« wcarinic of we( and insulBcienI cl(>lh» be avoided. 

Lei a flannel or woolen belt be worn round Ihe belly. 

Lc( personal cleanliness be carefully iibserved. 

1.^1 every cauiie icndlnyt to depress the niotnl and physical cnerBKa 
be carefully avoided. Let cxpoture 10 estremca of heat and cold b« 
tMhUd. 



i* 



WHAT EVERY OS'E SiUOVLD K:fOW. 



Lot (Towilinic or iicraons wilhin houMi Md s[utrtinrat« Ik avoided. 

L«( sleeping in low (ir damp rooms be avoided. 

Lcl lircs be kept up during the niHht m sleeping or adjoining apjirt- 
menu.lhe nlRhl l>etng the period o( inoal danger from a((iii:k, e«pcci> 
all)' tiKiicr cxpiiituic Ki eolil or dump. 

Lri hII betldinc und clot hiriK be daily exposed during winter ttnd 
■ptlng lo the fire, and in summer to ihe heat of the sun, 

Lcl rhc de^l be buried in places remote from the habitation ol the 
living. Rjr Ihc timely adoption of simple mennii mirh a* lhe»c, 
cholefH or 'jlhrt ri)iilrmii' will In: made to low; its vcount. 

Cholera Infantum— remedy for,— Tuasi a hall slice of Male bread 
very brown, breAk In a goblet nnil Alt wiih water; nut in as much «oda 
a« you con hold on a three cent piece: U-t ihc lliile one drink n little 
at a time. If the slomnch i^ very iirltnblc, give only a tra*po(inful at 
• time. In some cases, wiih tlie advice of ft physIciHn put in a Eea^ 
•poonful of paregoric in the gobleiful. 

Cholera— Egyptian cure for.— Best Tnmaica ginger root brulMd, 
flneoun<e: cayennes, two [caipai)nfuli;holl all In one quart ol water to 
onc-hall pint, And add lonf sugar lo form n thick (.yrup. Do»e. one 
tablespoon ful every Rfleen minutes, until vtimilingHnd purjnng ceases; 
them follow up with a blackberry tea. 

Cholera— Indian prescriptiini for.— FInt dissolve gum camphof, 
OTIC <{i>»it('t>iiini.'e. in one and one-half ounce of alcohol; ticcond.iilvca 
tcaspounful of spjrils of luilihuni vvA wine glan of water, and fallow 
U every five minutes with fifteen drops of the camphor in a Icaspoonful 
of water, for three doses; then wait fifteen minutes, and ct>mmen<e 

Sain a« before; and conllnue the nniphor (or thirty mtnuics. unleiw 
ire is Totumlng henl. Should this lie lliecMe, give one more dos 
and the cure is effected; lei iheni perspire freely (which the inedicL 
la doigneil to cause), as upon this the life depends, but add 
addiili'iial clothing. 

Cholera Tincture (lathraua).— Tlnaure of rhubarb, cayenn*,^ 
opium, undspiritsofcumphor. with naenee of Bcppcrm Int. equal pari* 
of each, and each as strong oa can be made. Dose, from five lo thirty 
drops, or even lo sixty, and repeat, until relief is obtained, every five 
lo lliiiiy niinulc*. 

Cholera Morbna— a certain cur*.— The ingredients ore: One 
([lassful ui Wt-it indiii rum. one gluMful of molaaaes, one (tlaMfuI of 
spring water, and three taljlL--pooM[ulsol ginger. Mix Ihem logetbet 
anil take ii. Il is snid to allord immediate relief. ,' 

Cholera Remedy. "Spirits of nine, one ounce; spirits of UvenderJ 
one-i|uarlri nuiiir; <'i>in|ii>imd linclurenf bcnioin, hiijf an ounce; oil a 
origanum. »iie<<;uartcr ounce: iwcnty drops on moitt sugar. To be rub 
bedouiuardly alsc. 

Cholera Hixture. — Confection aromatic, one dram; prepared] 
cniilk, one dram; pi>wdere<l gum arable, one dnun; pimcoto.waier,r 
two oun-res; pure water, four ounces; laudanum, forty drop*. — Dose:) 
A gtown person to lake two tabkspooniuls lor the first dose, aed i 



* 



WUA T EVERY OA'E SHOUL/i A'A'OH'. Jf 

taUetpOonrul alter every motion. Dose (or a child beiween five and 
ten year* o( a^, one tcaspoonful. 

CWacocne <lDdi*V~-^>'>"'"e. tircniy urainiL: Peruvian hark, 
pulvrriicil. onr ounce; sulfihurir ftciil. fideen dinpd. or one «cru|i!e «( 
lartnric uciti is beM; Ijramly, 'me Kill; water to make one pini; dose, 
fiveluaspoonfula every two houra,ia iheabvenee uf fever; anexceUeni 
remedy. 

CbMvdcr(Fiifa),— Fry a few slice* of nali pork, ijrcni And cut ihe 
fish In imaJl p!er(«, pure and slice (he pot»tar> and onions, then 
place Ihem in the kciile. a layer of fish, (hen of ihe tKed pork, poia- 
[ueK. onioni, fic, seaaonlag eaeb layer with salt and pepper. Slew 
orer a slow fire ihiriy minmcK. 

Chromos— to mount.— Take eommon bicncheil musKn. heavily 
«Uirrhnl is bcHl. make n thick Hour pMte. «>uk till clear, then siraio, 
Saiiiraic Ihe rioih with the paste, lay Ihe i liromo on the cloth (ace 
up, lum over and loiooth out oil the wrinkles ftnd idr-pulTs. JIave a 
siretch-frsme preparrd of ilic proper siic made of threceightht inch 
nfl wood, milercd and well nailM. Lav ilie choiino ')ii the Iniine — 
back on frarae. Commence in tenter til frame and drive a tuck oa 
each *j(le, drawing the chromu moderaicly tight. Then nliernaic 
from »lde ti> side, driving a lack on eich tide one and one-hall Inches 
from laat liick, drawinK thr canvas xentiy. but not too tight, both 
tiihrwise und endvisr of the (r^inc; lhii> i>bvidU'» Ihe dilliciilly •:( 
puckering on Ihe comets. The end is not »i> particular, only to draw 
c^uite light. If it is not imoolh when fint finished, it will be all 
right nheri It dries. You ran ihen varnish with best white varnish 
alter it it dry. 

Cider Bvrels—te cleanse,— Pour in lime water, and then insert 
a imce chain Ihroagh the bung hole, remembering lo fasten a strong 
cord on the chain so as to pull it out again. Shake the barrel until 
■II Ihe mold inside i» nibbed oS. ftinsc with w.iici. ftiid finally pour 
in a little whisky. 

Cider (Sour)— to sweeten and keep.— To keep cider perfect, take 
a keg and bore holes in the bottom of Ji; spread a piece of woolen 
cloih at the bottom: Ihen fill with cIcaii sand closely packed; draw 
j'uur cider from a barrel juat S6 iaat as it will run Ihiough the vand: 
alter this pat in clean barrels which have hn.-l a piece ul cotton or 
linen cloth two by seven inches dipped in melted sulphur and burned 
Inside of (hem, thereby absorbing thr 'ulphur fumct (this process will 
also BWGcCcn sour cidei); then keep li in u celUi or riii>m wbeie there 
iti no Gie, and add ball a pnund of white mustard seed to each barrel. 
If eider is long made or souring when you gel it, about one quart of 
hickory ashes, or a little more ol other hard wood ashes, stlired Into 
Mich barrel will sweeten and cUiily it ncaity riinal lo rcclllying it as 
above; but if it is not retlilicd, it mu-l lie racked olT to gel cicftr of 
l)ic pomace, as with this in it. it will sour. Oil or whisky barrels are 
best (o put cider in, or a half pint of sweet oil lo a barret, or a gallon 
of whisky to a baire), or both, may be added with decidedly good 




k» WltAT F.VF.HY ONF. SHOULD KNOW. 

effecu: i«ingluti. (our ouiirc« to OMh barrv), helps to ctorify and 
•eitle cider ihai ii no) to be rectified. 

Cider — to keep iweet. — Pure twcei cider that It orremed In the 
proccM i>I (crmcntuiiiiii t«(orclt becomcii occckc add or even alcohol 
and with the caibtmk' xrid KM worked out, in one of llicmoii dclighf 
fill bes-crag». When the saci^buiine m»tlcrs by (eimeillUion ore 
being cnnvcned to alcohol, if n bcni lube be inieried olr lljiht mia 
the butiK I'ilh the nihcr end inlu n pall of water, la allow Ibc inr- 
bonic acid uastviilvcd tupJiM off without udmittiin; any air into ihe 
barrel, a bcvetHKe will be obtained that in fil nectar (or the cods. 

A handy w*y i« to (ill your cask nearly op to the wooden (aucei 
when (he ctiilc Ik rolled to Ihe bung i« down. Gel a common rubber 
tube and slifi it over the end of (he (iluij In (he faucc(. uith ihe iMhcr 
end in the pail. Then turn the |>1uk "> Ihe cider can have cuminiini- 
cailcn with the pail. After the water (eases to bubble, bottle orslore 
away. 

Cidar — M keep. — To one pound of elder add two pound* of suKar; 
put up the cidei in K'as* or stoneware; by no nie«n* in wood. After 
DllioK the ve»ela. save cnouah to keep Ihem full and leave open and 
keep full until il qtiils workinc. thtn cork up. In three or four 
monlha it will be good wine, and the older the belter. If ni any time 
you nihh frefth cide(, tak« » halt tE'aM of «aid wine. uiM hh much 
waler and jweelen to HUii UUIe. and the bcM judges will think it juit 
Ifoni ihe pies*. 

Cider ^Nectar). — One qtion ctder, one bottle soda water, one gla«a 
therry, one hmnlt \^saA brandy, juice of half a lemon, peel of one- 
quarter ol » Irinoii. suKar and nntmejc to taste. Flavor ti irllh ex- 
itaci of pinc-appic, Mtiiin, and ice it all well. 

Cindcts in the Eye— to remove, — A *mall carael's-balr brosb, 
dipped in walri and puvicd over the ball of the eye on rnininc the 
lid. The operation require* no skill, take* but a moment, and tn- 
Klantly removes any dndcr or panicle ol dust or din, without inflam- 
ing the eye. 

Cistern*— to moke watertight. — Paint thickly on the Inside with 
a mixiuie •!( rsithi paits nielicd jtlue and four of Unseed oil, boiled 
with lithatiir. hi f'irly-eigb( hours it will be so hard thai the tank 
can be filled wilh water. 

Cilrop— to preMFve.— Cut the ciiron in thin lUce*, ]»fe off the 
outside rind and lake out alt the aeedi. put in ihe preserve kedle with 
water enough to cover il: bi>il (ill i(can lie pierced easily wiih a fork, 
■kim It out and strain the wa(er, placinu i( buck in the kettle; allow 
Ijiree-quarleis of a pound of nigar to a pound of citron; diiuolre die 
sugar in ihe liquor; cut three or four lemonti into It and let it bful 
till il is as thick an required, (hen put in the citron and Ixjit. when it 
I* tran(pBrcn( then it is done; if boiled (oo long (he citron will be 
tough. 

Cltroa Preserves.— Take of citron and sugar equal Kcighi; put 
the dlron in a kettle or ttcwpaii, boll until tender, then put in a col- 



k 



irff^rEFRXv o.vE should K.VOW. st 

Andi^T to dTBiii. I oSvea leave mine nnlil tnomini; to drftin well. tli«ti 
laic ihii water, put it in yout kettle with the >u|car. iiri'l l">li and 
skim <inill clear, then |iut to vour cIitod, boil uniil well ilone; lUvnr 
with lemon if yaa like. ThU hiia been my plan for over thirteen 
yvMtt, and to my rrmembrance I h«ve never had «ny lour. I alim 
preserve walermetrin rttids the tMae wnv. 

Claoli— with CTcaD). — Chop (ifiy imall ctams. not too fiDe, and 
KUMifi w[ih pepper and tali. Put inio a slewpan. butter the Hie ul 
on rKx, and when It l)ubMr<', 'prinkle In a inupoonful of flout, whith 
cook ■ few minutes: stir xriidiMtiy Ini" it the clani liquor, ilicn the 
clams, whith ttcw about two or three minutp*. then adC K cupful n( 
boiling cream, and leive iramediately. 

ClMOing Mixture.— To clean coat collars and to take out grejue 
from noorv oi imijx'Ih, and to cirnn paint or white wnlli (kaUomined) 
lake half a bar ul waahin); v>».p. »nd s lump "I KAti[>cirr find t>ul xoda 
eMch B« large as > walnut; odd two aunrii boiling soft wmrr. stir well 
and let It tiand till cool, then add tltrce ounces ol ammonia, bottle 
and rork tiKhi. Will keep ^ood n year. It Es best to bottle when 
lukewarm. Hml luJd ilie ftmmoniaitt any time. 

Cleaning Coiniioutid.-~MiK one ounce of boritx and one ounce of 
Ipjm campliof nith one (luait of boiling water. When cool add one 
quart <>( ulriihol; bottle nnd cork ti|thlly- When^ wanted for use 
«hake ncll nnd iponge (be carmentti to be cleaned. This is an irji- 
ccUenl mixture for cleaning soiled black coahmcre and woolen dreisca, 
COM collars and black felt tiat. 

CUsfecn— toIOMCH.— Cllnkcnmaybclooxencd from Dre-brlckaby 
throwinit in tliu fire-box. when very hot, two or three qii»rts of oyv 
tcr or clam shells, or a less uuaniity of salt, allowing the lire lo go 
out, and then cleave off the clinkers. 

Clocks— to dckn.— Take the movement of the clock to piece*. 
Brush the wheels and pinlont thornu|[My with a itlfl. co«rHc brush; 
abo the pliitn which the tiaiti* work. Clean (he pivutt wvll by turn- 
ing in a piece of cotton cloth held lightly between your thumb and 
finger. The pivot holes in the plate* are generally cleansed by turn- 
ing a piece of wood Into ihciD, but I have always found a Mrip ul 
cloth or a Mift (o(d ilrawn lightly through Ihem to act the best. If yuu 
uae two cords, the TirM one slightly oU«di Bud the next dry, to clean 
the oil out. all the belter. Do not use salt or acid lo clean yotir docit 
—it con do no good, but may do a great deal of harm. Boiling the 
movement In water, a* li the pf^ciire of some. Is also foolEshnosH. 

To Oil /'nififrfy. — Oil only, and very lightly, the pallets of the 
verge, the steel pin ii|>on which the verge works, and the point where 
llie loop of the verge wire works over the pendulum wire. Use none 
but the best wnlch oil. Though you might be working cnnitantly al 
the clork-rcpalrlng business, a bottle coaling you but twenty-five 
cents would lAst you two year* at leMI. You can buy it at any watch- 
lurnishing establishment. 

A Dc/«t t» Leak A/f<r. — Always examine the pendulum wlreat th« 



•t IV//A T E I'/iX V Oi^E SHOVLD A'NO »'. 

point where ihc loop of ihe vcgc wire works orer it. You will gen- 
erally And a small oolch, i>r ut lcA»t a rou|{l> |>)*cc worn Ibore. 
Drew it tnil iicrfcclly snionih. or your ctocli will nni be lilcrly t» work 
well. SiTiiill as ihi> dcfcrci irmy wcin, it »(0|<h a lnri;r number ol 
flock*. 

Cloiet* (Damp) — tofHuih.- — ^Indamp closeis and cupbcardi gaa- 
rrHlinic 'x'I'iw.'i Iray full nf qiilckllmc will be found lo atisorti tbc 
muiMurr anil rernirr Clic Hir jiurc. Ol cuur«o it is n«c(Mary |i) rcno* 
ihc liinc fiuin [imr to lime an f( beciimn slacked. Thii rem- 
edy will be [otind useful in safes and strong-room*, the damp air of 
which acts frcqucnily most Injurloutly on ihe valuable deeds and 
documrnl* ri>ntt>iiii:il thnrTii. 

CI<it)iCB~to clean from greMe and other Malu. — Take one pKK 
ol new lime: pour over it as much w;itci us will leave about two gaX- 
Ion* of clear liquid after il has been well stirred and has settled. In 
about two hour* pour oil Ihe clear liquid into another vcmcI; ihca 
add to il six ounce* of pcarlnsh. stir it well. axiA when settled, botUc 
it for utie. Wilh lhi<< liquid wash the clolhes. using 9. coanK pS«M of 
>ponge for the ourpose. If the clolhes are of very fine fabric and 
ilellcatc color, tne liquid must be diluted with clear soft water. 

Chrthea^in Apron.— .\ tttfU help in hanxinc (lUI rl'ithe« is tn 
apron to put ilie )>ii)'i in. Mine is sixteen inches long iind eighteen 
inches wide, ruimdcd iii the cirners. Il is double, and at each side 
near Uie belt the outside piece is cut away and bound, making open- 
ings to put In the pins and take Ihcm out when hanging nut the 
ckilhea. The apron I* bmind acound ftrmly and will hold several 
duicns u( piin*. A bell fuatenii 11 uboul the waist, and with this on 
there is no need of stooping to pick up cloihn-pins. In this apron 
may be kept a pair of coiion flannel milleni 10 wear »bcn hAiigliig 
<iui the riothct In cold weather. Tbey are a great saving ui the 
hands. One who has onte had a pair of these miltont and one of 
these aprons will not willingtr do without either of them. 

Clotn — to bleach. — In eight quarts of warm water put one pound 
of (hlorlde of lime; stir with n slick a few minutct, then i^iiiu'nthriJUgU 
a bag of r on r»e muslin, warkinu ii with ihr bund !•> disfilvo thoniugk* 
ly. Add 10 this Ave bucketfuU of warm water, stir it well and put in 
Ihe muslin. Let it remain in one hour. luminK it over occasionally, 
thai every part may get tharoughlv bleached. When taken out. waab 
well In two waters 10 remove ilic lime. rlni>e and dry. This quantity 
willblrach iwcnty-Ave yaMsof yard-wide muslin, Tlie muslin wfll 
bleach miirr evenly and quickly if it has been thuruugbly wet and 
dried before ble^icbing. 

ClotheslWhitey— to wa»h.—l(you with your white cluihei) to look ' 
clear am) pure while, always have ready a Itcttlc of boili^ig water and 
•cald ihem ihoTatighlj before putting them in the last rinse water. . 
Clothes Hashed evor so clean will look dingy If soapy water Is allowed ' 
lo dr> into them. Scolding remot-ei the suds. IVIntt shoaM be * 
wwthed out a piece at a time in warn water, rinsed, and bung to Arj 



^ 



WHA T S t'ER r OffB St/0 VIJ> k'NO W, »] 

tikUtlj. But very few color* w!I1 bear tooklng In hot *o«p- 
. If you want your (lannelg to [iili. w.inh them In bi>t niicr. rub 
upon a bcwi(d, unn? plcnly ot »uaii. unil rllU« in cold water. 
This niirs never (ml*. 

Cloth— to make WBtcr>proof. — To mak« riolh waier-proof, dii- 
fotvF riichl jxiuniS vAk'xc hi'Li] in gix <|uaiu of nlrohol; luM KriuJuBlly 
Iwcniy pounds siulphaii? uf atuminu, IrHvo twetitylour Imun OHcdlc: 
carefully pour off the liquid and save the retnaining dcpwifl; filter 
thit ihrough fUnnel nnd pms it into a cidce. DisSDlve ( nc pound of 
(hit In Aftern in twtnly cnllont ai water, Mraln, talur-ite the fabric 
Ihorouf-lily. tcinon- anil lei dry. The fobiir i« waici-pcool without 
bavin); lis vrntilnlinK quiilil>r% desltuyed. 

Cloth— to fasten on wooden sur&c«>. — The (olloirinK is a Ger- 
man proecw (or faslcnmjt clfih to the top of tables, desks, etc.: 
Makt a niiilurr of twii and n quarter pounds of wiiral flour, two 
labtespntjnfuK <»f puwdm'd rrsifk.iinil tw<i (iiMcH|KK>nluiii<>f ])4>wderei] 
slum; rub ihE mixlure in a suitable vchsvI. with wuter. \u a. uniform, 
smooth pnile: transfer this to a HtniLll kettle over a lire, andsiir until 
the paste is perfcttly homoacneoan- -without lumps. As soon Jis the 
nun has betxiRiv vo «iill that the stirrer retnains uptighi in it. trans- 
fer il to another vessel and cover it up, su thai no skin may form un 
ilx nurface. This paste is applied in a very Ihin layer to the sutfnrc 
ol th« table; the cloth, etc.. I* then laid and prctscd upon It. and 
MDOMhed with a ii>ller. The ends are fill after dryinu, 1! Icitlier is 
la be fastened un. this must first be wet. The paste is then applied, 
•ivd the Icaiber rubbed smooth wiiti a cloth. 

Clothes — to wash (French waj). — A system of wnshinK clothes 
has lately been iiiitodH<.'('(l in dome French town* whicli '\% wnrthy <il 
Special men I ion. Its economy is «ci i;reut «s tu greatly reduce the 
tost. This is the process: Two pounds of soap are reduced with 
a little water tti a pulp, which having been slightly healetl. is 
cooled in ten gallon* of water, to which it added one xponnful of 
ttitjicntine oil and 1wi> ot ammoniu: Ihen the minlutc in ajiilutrd. 
The water is kept at a temperature which may be b'trne by the hand. 
In this solution Ihe while clothes are put and left there for two hours 
before washing them with soap, taking care in the meantime, to cnver 
the lub. TlieHOtuliiin m^y be w.trmcd n^iaa imd u«ed once more, 
bul il will be necessary to add half a Hpuonful of turpentme oil and 
another spoonful o( ammonia. Once vashed iviih soap, the clothes 
arc put in hot water, and the blue is applied. 

This proii'SK. il in obtious, savet much labor, much limr and fuel. 
while il Ki^'cs the clothes :i wliiicnr^ much Miperior Tu thai obtained 
by any other process, and the desiruciive use of the n-ash-boatd is 
not necessary to clean the clothes from imputitiei, 

ClotbioK llcnoTator.— Soli water, one )[ail»n; make a »lri>nK de- 
MCtlon of |i'Kn''jci<1 lay boilini; the exiriicl with the water. Strain, 
when cool; add two ounces |^m urabic in piiwdci; bottle, Cork well. 
■ad Mt uidc for use; clean Ihe coat well from grease ;ind din and 



l4 WtlA r El'EK Y OKF. RHOULD KNOW. 

Apply the obove liauid with a «poRg« et'cniy. Dilute to *iiJi the 
colnr, nnil hnng in l[i« ihade l» dry: afterward bru^ Ihc oap smooth 
and il will loiik tike iiFw, 

Cloth — lo rkise & tup on. — CIckii ihe ailicle well: >oak it id cold 
water tor half QD hour; put it on d board, knd rub the threadbare 
parts with a hoil-worn hatter'i card fillril trith flockt, or wlthnteaxlv 
<ir a prickly ihitiite until a nap it ralvnl; ihrn l>iy the nap th< riicht 
way wiib a bHiEer's bnish. anil limitc iiii i<i dry. 

Clothes (Acid on) — to restore, — bamprn as soon as pojidble 
after cxpomre to the acid with npiriti ammoniu. It wilt denrroy ih« 
clli'rr Immcdintetir. 

Clothing <0n Piie>~to extin^iah. — Ininivdiktcly throw a rU)Ci » 
pkii.- ol inrjicl. n chlii. m anylhint: wcii>lcii, ovrr the viclim «u tui to 
smoihet the Aames, siul do not allow herorhimlo run away from yon. 
In rvmoving the clothes be careful not ID pult ofl the thin; and t( 
■inly bticbtly burned, apply lime water and linxcril nil. ft at all 
sect re send i>>t n jiliyirian. 

Coal — how to iufn,— A wrilct in the JcHmal nf /teal/* offers the 
following niggtstioiix CdOcernJDK the ccnnc>mical combustion of cnal. 
A I'cry common mistahe U made and much fuel waited in thr man- 
ner of rcplcni^liinc coal Arcs, both in (urnarea and Kralea. They 
■hould bv fed wilh ii lilll« cohI al a lime, nnd often; but MrvanUt, to 
«avc time and trouble, put un a great deal at unce. Uie firal remit be- 
inx that almost all the heal is absorbed by the newly pui-oai coal, 
whirli diics not j-Ive out hcAt until il has lisrif become red hot. 
Hence, for n while, the mom in rold. but when it bccnmes fairly 
aglow the heat ii innuCTr ruble. The lime to replenish a roal Tire is as 
soon as the cools begin to show oshe* on ihrir surface; then [nit on 
meicly cnoagh lo show a Uyer id blacic coal covcrlnj:; the rc<l. Thii 
will Roon kindle, and aa iherr t» not much of ii. an execs* ol heat will 
not be given oui. Many almost put out the fitc l>y itirring Ihe graic 
as soon as fresh coal is pat on, thus leavini; all the heat in the asJies 
when it >hould be sent to the new supply of coal. The lime to stir 
Ihe fire i>i jukt when ihe new cnal laid on is prcity well klndlnl. Tbis 
meihcid ni maniuniii; n coal lire is troublnume. but it taves fuel.pves 
a more uniform heat, and prevents ilic discomfort of alieraiions of 
bent anil cold obove referred lo. 

Cockroaches — wajn to destroy.— i. The disagreeable odor whkb 
the i-iickroach cttiitt, and which *o.>n permeates all placM thai \\ Ui' 
habits, proceeds from a dark c->l-.ired fluid which il discharKes from 
Ihe mouth. The cickroach loves wnrmih and moisture, heoce its 
popiilousne» in kitchen* where firv and water arc almost ever pres- 
ent- It is a nii;ht prowler, and swarm* out from tis tuecrel lairs on 
the departure »f dayliKht. 

Kor (hi! diTStriiciion of ihc cockroach we recommend a mixture 
containing a tablespoonful of red lead, the same amount of Indian 
meal. «-iiti molasMS enough to make n thick baiter, .Set ihis on a 
plate at night ia places (rei]ue*ited by the Insects and all that eat «f i\ 



4 




It'UA T El-ERY ONE SHOULD JC.VOSV. »5 

I bt ftnvoarA. Another prcparalton is ««nj»i.«pcl of one teaspoon- 
(ul of powdcrtd atsenic. with a lablctpoundil of muhed p(itnl». 
Crumble this cveiy niKhi ut hcd-iimr whrcc ihc iniic-<ii; will rinil il. 
and U in fuud tn Ih' An ^ITt'^lujil ptisfin. (•rrAt ctirr hhnijlil \n* «xer- 
cittcd ill the use of Huth danKrriiu> ui;rnts. An innocent method of 
dmrofinit cockriiacbes ii In place n bowl or bnsin coauining n link 
molaascs on (he floor -ii nighl. A bit of wood, reilinfc one end on ihr 
ftuor and the oihcr on ihe cilite ul ihr vruicl. seiveK a* a brid|[c tu 
cooduct thr irivccu lu Ih? swecl dc|Miitit, Oner in (her trap iu »lip 
pery 8idi!» prevuni loircat. Hnd thiu cdckriiurhcH msf be cKuehl bj 
(lie thousiinds. 

3. The followJnfc ii nald to be rfleciunl: These vermin are coxll; 
Jesuayed, simply by cuiiliiit up Krccn nicumber* a,\ nlyhl. and plAc- 
InR them aboui where roaches commit drp mini ion*. What U cut 
trvRi ihc (uciimbctB in preparini; ihem for Ihe table •nawerf the |tur- 

fosc as veil, nntl three appliraiiont will desiroy all (he Touches in the 
ouse. Rernove the pceUn|;ii In Ihe mornins and renew them wl 
aishi. 

3 Co[iiin»ii ic'l Wdtem. lo be fmiml or any suiioncrs. irlll answer 
the purpuitr. The (•rckruiidies eai them Hiid die. Aliio. iiprmkle 
powdered burax pleniifullv around where "(hey most do ci>nKie> 
jpM," and renew it occasionally: in a short (ioie not a roach will be 
Men. This ii. >. iinfc and mofiC cdeciiiiil exicrminalor. 

4. Boia* ii- a very BOod cocknincli exterminator. Take som« 
pie<es 'if board, tproad Iheni over with inalMi»e&. only Htilllcienl to 
ni«ke the borax when sprinkled upon it slick, and place the boards in 
their haunti. Gum camphor is a speedy remedy to clear the houne 
©r cockroochrt, 

CodfUh BAlls.—SoHk codflsli cut ill pieces •iboiit an hour in luke- 
warm ALiii:!, remove skin unci buiies, pick lo small pocces. return Iu 
Move in cold water. As soon as il begins to boil, change the walcr 
■aid bKnf; Iu a boil again. Have ready poiaiocs bulled tender, well 
noshetl and Frcaauncd vlth butter. Mix thocouKhly with the potatoes 
•all ihc i|uantity »( Ihe ci>dfi»h while Iwlh are slitl Imt. (orni inio Ant 
iiick cakes, or rtiuiid bulls, fry in hr>i lard or drippin(;^. <>r ilip in hut 
f>l, like douKhnuLs. The addition of a beaten egg before making into 
bolls renders tbetp lighter. Cold poutoes may lie uied by reheating 
•dding a liiilc cream ;irid buller. and mixing while hoi 

Coo&ih Saucc.—Hoil a piece of codAnh. but do not iivenlo II. 
Plek out Ihe ll<-sh in lliikcB, put thcin In a »auce-psn wllh a piece nf 
butter, pepper and salt lo la»le. som- mrneed |iiirsley. and ihe juice 
of i> lemon, with a dust of Cayenne. Put ii on the fire till quite hot. 
and serve. 

CoAcc— « diunfecUuit, — Kumerous exparimentt with roaued cof* 
(ec prove lliul it is i)ie most powerful means, not only of rendering 
afllraal and vegetable effluvia innocuous, but of absolutely destruying 
them. A room In which meat In an advanced degree of decompoah 
lion had been kepi fur «omc lime, was inataally deprived of all smell 




tyjfA r /ii'tiJty one should know. 

on an open cciUcc-roaslrr bcinjc ■.'■rtjed ihiouich it, coniaining a 
pound ol co(fe« ncwljr roasicd. In another room, cxpnicd to ihe 
effluvium occoaloncd by ihc clearing oui of ihc dung-pit. *o ihnt Mil- 
phurvttd hydroKcn n>iil ■mmoiiiu in x'tM. quantkits could be fhcm- 
trally dclecied. Ihe stench wns ciimplelel^ reiiii'Vcd in hulf a miiMite 
on the cmplovmrri of ihtce oua<«s of fresh roasicd toflcc, while the 
oihcT paru of Ihc house were pcrmnncntlir cleared of the same tcnell 
by hring timply iravcreeri with the cofloe roMicr, atthnuch the 
cleanMiiK <jf Ihe dunji-pit conliniied for scve ml hour* after. The best 
mode of usinK Ihc coliee as a diBinfevtanl is lo dry the ram bean, 
pound it in a mortar, and ihcn roni (he powder on a moderniely- 
hcaicU iron pUte, until it aHumcs a dotlc brown ilni. then It U At (or 
use. Then Hpilnkk >i in ilnks or <e8fL-poDb, or lay it i>n a pUle in 
ihf room which ynx wi»li to have purified. Coffee acid or colfcc oil 
sets mure rradily in minute <|uantities. 

Coffee — WKfs lo mkke. — i. Take of un){tound coffee the uaiial 
quanilty which xupplic* your family, and break the beant in h mortar 
Thiti you wdl And to bequltc a» caxy a laiik ag jtrindinK il in the u»n«I 
way. at Ihe beans arc brittle and break rvadily. Hare uver Ihe fire 
a kellk ftf perfectly fresh water, and let it boil. This is quite ah e*- 
leniial feature. Pul ihe coffee in a boiler. sinilUr in shape lo aa 
oyMer Ktevr-pan. If you h^vc it, bul no ordinary cotlec-pot wilt do, 
without the addition of any cUrifyln|[ »uh»unre whatever, while of 
egg. fix ^helW. lish *\i.\n, i<r anylhln|[ clie. and when the water first 
conies to a boil. |a>ur il over the coffee and count two; then grasp the 

rn by ihc handle and give it a visorous shake. Let it stand where 
will keep up (Il (he hoilinK point (bul never pa«4 il) iwn minutes, 
and it I* ready fur u»c. You will And thai It will pour out as dear 
and sirunK »* brandy, and with a sparkling flavor and spirit, so [o 
speaJc. ihai lo all lovers of coud coffee will be quite dclightlul. ' 

1. Coffee should be quickly and evenly roasted lo a litthi.bniwil 
color. A few burned grains wilt Imparl a dlsasremblc llavor to it 
when made. Only a sulhriency lor lour or five day* thould be 
roasied at otic time, and it sh»uld never be icround until required for 
twe. 

Tlie (oikiwing is an excellent method of makinccoifee both In tiar- 
racksandln ihc field. It Is the favorite recipe at D^montco'a: 

Heat ihcKruundt hot in a inrwi-pan, oiw tableapoonful for each 
person and one for the ixit or keiile; the<i ]imir on boiling water, one 
cupful for each spoonful of coffee. Cover light and stand where It 
will keep hot. but not l>ol1. (or Afteen or twenty minutes. Then 
•train into ihrcupfi. The coflee ihould never be' boiled. "Caftaa 
boiled is coffee spoiled." 

J. In the fiiiit place, icel the very best coffee, equal parts of Mocba 
and Java. Kcrp ihis in a lightiy-covefcd jar after rooslinc and 
frind it fresh ever;' morning, roi three Kiown i>n<p|e me six 
labteipoonfuU "f coHcc, [jui ii in a bowl, and break a fresh egg Into 
It, ihell and all. Mix till the co(I«< U wet throughoui. then put U 



WHAT EVERY ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



S7 



r 



Into B bot iln cnffce-pot. iurn on iwo <)unrl* of bnllinf water. i>c( il 
ihc 8t(ivc, diid kl ii lK>iI briskly fot Icn ininulri: Ihirn pour in liulf 
« <upfut of tv\A walcr, srt it on the lable ii minulc or iwu lu uTtlk. 
And th«n pour through n HiiIf wire straini-r into the ruflcr-pi>l In- 
lended (or Ihc tabic. r*c lir.i mitk wiih ihe coflec. 

Cottee (alaTurk),— Cnflrc n In Turk it thu« concocted; In aroppn 
coffee-pot l)rin){ wuirr to ilk Itmi TmII Ixiil, Afirr linvinjt )[>^>u<id the 
roffec in un »r<linary mill, trrrw it Ithc mill) lo il<t lincsl poMiblt* r%- 
paclty and rrgrind th? cuCIpe, which becomes Hlmunt duii. Tocverjr 
cup of waler add n heaping icMpounful of iliis coflec dusi. throv dry 
into the boitlntc nater; take U a second [lom the 6rc. lei come agAJn 
to n boil, nnd repeat the rcreninoy three timet, and if the coflcc be 
true Mocha. ii ih :\ nci tar fi\ lor the nods. It munt b« swceteaod to 
the tuBle while on the fire. 

Colfce— to preserve Ihe aroma of. — Add the while ol an egg to 
every pound of ciUci- jun before it is tjuite cold. Stir It thoroughly 
Into the mais, si> thai ei-ery bcrrv will ite Wet with It. 

Coffee iCreami — whipped. -Whipped cnfTce cream for i>nc who 
Hltr» iIk .-oHct (Uvm !■. |n'ilr< liy deliciouM »% » laol montel nt a, fdr- 
■nul diiini-r >it nii alleriit>'i<i iuiK'h. Take Iwo uuneei of coffee bean* 
and [Oiui Ihem; while irrth and Mill worm pul Ihem in one pint o[ 
rich cream, which you have iweclcned liberally with ougar. Lei this 
Kland for an hour; then tilrain il through a muklin r|o|h luid in a col- 
andet; di^wiWe a leaapoonlul of Krlulinu in a lillle cold milk, and add 
lo Ihe cream: then whip it lo « finn frolh. The grlaiine may be dii- 
■ulved in a little oran^^ water, or lemon extract if you choose. 

Cofl'e«(Rice) — to iruike.— Brown hce as you would the colTsa 
bean, and tlii-n riihrr f[rind or majih In the rnortar; talco half ii cup 
of the ground rice und pour about « quart of boitiiiK water over It and 
let it stand about ten or fifteen minuicH; then strain and sweeten with 
loaf sugar, and scaion wUh boiled milk. TbU is panicularty nice 
for children 

Coffee-pots — todcanK. — Muhv collee-pois and lea-pow may bo 
tlraned aoil -nrcirned by putiinK a good quantity of wuiid ushninio 
them and TilliiiK up with cold ivxtt^r. Set on the Move lii heat Rrod- 
Bollr till ihe water lioils. Let it lioil a short lime, then set axldc lo 
cool, when the int^dc should be faithfully washed and scrubbed in 
hot soaii-tiicU, UKing a imAll brush that cicrj' sjiot may t)C rtuchcd, 
then Htald Iwu or three limeh and wipe till well dried. It iiiuBt be a 
de>|>enite caw if the vnsclii are not found mrfcclly swei^l and clean. 
if Ihis advice is strictly follo>¥ed. Pols and p.ins or plates that have 
been u*ed for baking and grown rancid may lie clean^cd In the »ume 
way. Put the plate* into a pan with wood nxhr> and cold water, and 

frocrcd aa abm'caiatcd. If no worid ashc* mn he had, lake soda, 
toooks would clean ihcir pic-plaies and baking disheti aiter this 
(atihion after usinK, ihejr would Keep sweet ail the time. 

Cold— simple rttdedies for.^Slraple remctlies will usually Tcmove 
acotd. if taken promptly, licloti: the congestion h«» produced wrioua 




u 



W/fAT F.VEKY OJfP. StfOiriD JCVOir. 



difoiSkniMIion. When ttruek wilh a smac of chilliaeai, liitMi) U 
thirty dropc o( aromoilc spirit! of amiODnia in hoU b tumbtcr n( tr^icf 
irdi oden xtan A luiUoriB drculotlnp all iKfougli (he body, h« rhiv 
quickly cnicre tho whole blood and la iiimulminic. SoHkiiijc ihr fcpt 
in warm wain, icmduully addini; warmer waler as lonj; hs it can be 
borne, dtaivs off ihc blood (rom alt the test o( the boiiv. imd often 
-ellcvci congcsliiHi in any local pott. Smatl friction upon any part 
or Ibe whole of ihe Kkin lurface. or auniform turiace t»'ctitin][. pro- 
duccH like reiultK. Ftut in IhcRc cases, spedkl cue muni be taken lo 

Ereveni adcr-chilliriK I'f the (eel, or soy other part. Adcr the (eel 
eating, vi[>c dry quicklv and cover them frarmly. 

The best remedy we have found for a tcccol cold it a moderate 
movemeni of the howcln wilh cantor oil. or calcined maKnetia, o* 
oilier mild catbartir. This produces a flow of fluid, drawn from the 
blood t(i the alimentary canal, and thus reducei the pre»ute upon 
any one conseited pwit, juci as drawing off part of the waiet from a 
flooded pond relieve* pmsure upon a weakened dam or cmlxtnk- 
mcnl. lliit i» lu be followed by kcopInK the body warm aod com- 
fortable, and loKing it up with Kuod food, or a simple Ionic like 
quinine 

Cold— to cure.— Put a large icacupful of lioiecd. with a quane) of 
a pound (if tiun raiiini and two ouncm of nick licorice Into two 
quarts of »ofi water, and Icl iii.lmnief over a slf>vf fitc lili retluicd lt> 
una quart; add to It a quarter pound of p<.iiiiid''d Biii^iir cixidy. a lable- 
>po(in(u1 of old rum, and n tablctpuonftil of ihr be%i wliiie-witie vinegar 
ur lemon -juice. The rum and vinegar should be added aiihe decoction 
I* taken; for. If ihey are put in at tint, the whole (oon berotnen ttal 
■nd 1ms efficacious. The doite is half a pinl. made warm, on ic<'inic 
to bed: and a Utile may bo taken whenever the cough it iroiibleBomc. 
The worst cold is i^cncraUy cured by (his remedy in two or three 
davi: and. If takrn in time. It is considered infallible. 

Cold on the Chest. — A flannel dipped in boiling water and 
sprinkled with liti|ieniine laid cm the chest a^ quickly as tiussible, will 
relieve the mtiM severe cold or hoarneness. 

Cold in the Head— remedy for. — When one has a bad cold and 
the nose is closed up so ihal he cannot breathe through it. itlief may 
be foimd InsLanlly by pullini- a iillie camphor and wairr in Ihc ccnier 
of ihr hand iin<i hiiiirfinit il up Ihe r>"*e. It will be (onnrt a ureal relief 
Or, I'uUion, of KranLc, says [hat told in the head can be cured by 
inhaling hariihotn. The inhalation by the nose should be seven or 
eight times in live minulcs. 

Cold— to relieve.— When you RCt chilly all over and away Inio yoBf 
bones, and beici" t" ■nllDc and almost struggle [ur your breath, juat 
begin in time and your Iribulalionit need nut lait very lung. Getsome 
powdered bora* and snuff the dry powder up your nositils. Gel jrouf 
camphor bottle, smell It frequently, pour some on your haodkeroilef, 
and wipe your aose with ii whenevi-r needed. Your nose will ootgiet 
aoro, and f uu will toon woa4et wb«i's become of your cobj. Pccin 



U'JtA T E I'E/t Y O.VF. .WO Vf.f> KXO »'. 89 

%h\* irciumeni In thr (orcnoiin hdiI keep on a( inieivalt nnlil you go 
10 tml. tinil yvu will ^l<Tp as well as yon cvcrdid. 

Cold— rencdiM for.^i. Roil two ouncM ol flaxseod In ooc quart 
o( vatcr: strain, and iidil tKo ouikcs at rock cnn<]). raie-hnK pint of 
boney. juice ol three lemcin:^: mix. anil lei all boil well; let cuul, and 
bottle. UuM, onr ruplul on K'^'iK 1° bed. nne-^hall cupful before 
noil. The butter you driok it ihe beitcr. 

1. When one frcU Ihc approjich of a severe i:ol(t. he may nlien ^nd 
felW by using composition lea. The lolluwin;; i» thr rci^ijie for Ihi- 
povder. Take one-hall ounce <i( red |>cfi|MT, one-hulf ounce •>( 
clovrv. mic.balf ounce of cinnamon, one-balf pound of biy-bcrry burk. 
and Ode-half pound ai girietT. The ingredients shimld all be gTound 
and thoroughly raised. Put in wiile-mouihcil boitlr.i nnd cork ilghi. 
When needed, put a leasprnmliil •>! Ihr p^wiji-i in ^1 bowl unci All It 
wilb boilinc water. Milk anil «UK'ir niike it vi-ry palulable. 

3. lA-monade itrth toiil su|{ut. used Irrvly. .-intl taken as hoi as can 
be swallowed comlotlably. on goins 10 lied is eiccllenl lor « cold. 
Lemons should be used freely, anil titicJr ^ilxo, ,tnd you should not i:» 
into the fold adci lakinc it but cover wjinn in lied Lemon juice with 
•agar shouM lii- uned freely at all limes while the coldrnnaiDs. There 
Is noihinit belter. 

Cold Pcct— ways to r«lieve.~t. People who wiiie or i-ew nil 
day. or ralhct tb">r ivlii> i;tke but lillle excrrise, may w:irm thcircold 
feel wiihoul guini: to the Tire. All ih^l n necessary ii to stand erect 
and very grailually to lift one's self up tipoo the tips of his toes, so as 
to |>ul nit the tendons o( the (001 m lull strain. This is not to hop ot 
jump up *nd down, but simply 10 rise— the slower the betlcr — upon 
tiptoe, and to remain >landin|; on Ihe |iuinl>t of the toes as. lon|t as 
possible, then gradually coming to the naiural position. Repeat this 
several times, and, by the amount of work the tips ul the toes nie 
made tu do. in Husiaining the body's weighl. a sul&rlcnl and lively 
cucnlalioc is set up. Kvcn ihe ha1(-(rotcn car-drivri ciui cany this 
plan out. It is one rule of Ihe " Swedish movement " system, and. 
ak mntion warmth is much b«tter than fire warming, persons who suf- 
fer with cold feci at night can try this plan just before retiring 10 
test. 

a, A very valualile recipe for a fooi-baib (or any vine Itnubted with 
coM feci: Otic pound prickly mh bark, a quarter of n pound of 
white mu>taid, and ■ quarter of a pound of pepper. Boil in one gal- 
lon of Wilier. Htrain anil battle and keep coal. Use a leacuplul of 
this with two i|uarl>o( WHirr for a lool-hath at beil-tlme. 

J, The only sure iind efliclcnl way to war ni told feel is to dip them 
in I rilil w.iiei, and then rub them dry briskly with a coarse lowcl. 

Cold Slaw- -delicious. —Do not mash Ihe cabbage, or the dteMiuK 
irill br.' iHiur *nd lliin. Cut fine, and seasoning with salt anil pepper. 
~ Dt in a croirkery bowl or dish. Kuli weII logelhor a IcHsjii.xinful of 
aur. and butter Ihe site of a walnut, ponr on it two tnblespoonfuls 
o( bolLinK watci, and »iit smoothly on the stove; push back «o it wU( 



V) 



II'I/AT /-.yF./iy O.Vti SJIOVLD KNOW. 



keep hot. bul not boil, anil add Iwo waApooafula of vioegar: brat 
Uahl (he yolkH nf two cjitp, a leatDOtfnful of sugar, half a Imtponnful 
ormuslsnj. aii<l two iiiljlrspoonfulu of ctcam. sout or *«npt ; |ioui ihn 
hoi RiixiutF on Eht!i. Ix'iii well, nnd rcplicinu on ihc Move. Ui iicoine 
In n txiil. nnd poi^r hoi r>n Ihr i:'ibbia|cc 

Cold— to r«*tore AniniatioD.— The tcMormf; uf animallon after in- 
tense cold it> a mrihi pHlnlui i^eniation. By no means allow Ihc pa- 
tienl to come ntfir the fire. Riih the buily wiih »now, i<c, or cold 
waicr. and restore wartnlh lo ii by slow dcKiccs. A liillc brandy, or 
warm brandy and waicr, ihould be udmrnlMrrcd. 

Colk — rtmadiM for.— i. For (he violent inicriul agony lermed 
colic, lake a leaftpounflll of salt ia n ptnl of water; drink anil ico to 
bed, II ii one of ihe !ypcedie»t remedies known, ll will roivea 
perkon who liccms alniosl dead from u heavy fa.ll. 

I, Phare*' method of ircstinjc colic coniiit* in invertlon— «IfnpI]r In 
lurnir)K (ho patient up«ide down. Colk of several days' duration haa 
been relieved by [his means in » lew mlnutei. 

3. Dr. Tepliashin has recommended a (hrn stream of cold water 
from a leapoi lifted from one <o one and n half feel from the abdu- 
men, in casct of colic. Ife hax seen it relieve pain when opium and 
morphia had failed. 

4. A loaf of bread, hot from the oven, broken in two. sod half of 
It placed tipon the bowels, and ihe other half Oppoaile it upon the 
bach, will relieve colic from whatever eaoM almovt immediately. 

Collodion — uaeiofl— ThI* ii gun-coiton dlnaolved In ether. Ilia 
very useful (or rii.iny |n)r[«*r'i, «|iccLall)f Is it utefol in pho(oKrsph)'. 
Those who lake p!eii»ure in siriklni; cullinfls of tender plants in wal- 
tonian c.ises, or under small Klasses in Ihe house will find it of great 
assistance in the case of ull sofi-wooded plants to (ouch Ihe wound at 
the lowest Joint of the cutting which enters the ground with a camel* 
hair brush dipped in collodion. This will materially liMIcn the for- 
mation of the callous, which is iiecewary before any roots can be 
formed. 

Color— to reitore.— When the iroloron a fabric has been destroyed 
by acid, ammonia ncutrallici> the same, uflcr which the applicslioo of 
chloroform will rrtlixr Ihe otiK'nal coliii. 

Color Blindness — This malady H incurable. If congenital. When 
not irhenlccl M\ education of the sif{hl will remove It. 

Coloring Recipes.— In using Ihc followinx recipes remember that 
the gnoiU iliould .ilw^ys be wet in hot soaiihuds bcfiirc (hey are put 
Into Ihr d)r. He vrry carrful to lin\T the malrrials thoroughly dls- 
M'lvcii timl keep Ihe dye hot. mnManily Htirrine the goods, UfilDg 
them op t" the ai( and turning ihcin nver: 

Dkuo N. — Yox five pounds of f-oi-d* allow one pound \A eairhu and 
two onncca of alum. dlMolved in sullicieni hut waier ti> wet Ihe jcuods. 
I*ul (his in a brass keltic or tin boiler on the ttuvr. and when it is 
boiling hot put In the goods and remove it from the siove. Hove 
ready (quf ounces of bi-cbromate of poiaah digiwlvcd in hot mMr in 



WIIA T EVERY O.VB SHOULD KKOW. 



91 



kiHAden pail. Drain ihc sondi (r»m the rAtchu and dip them into 
' iBMhnimnlc of poiosli. then back inti} the calrhu a|{iiin. Proceed 
hi this vajr, dlpploK Inia ench nliririHtrlv uiilil the required shade 
it produced. ThU cnlixt a nicr br<>wn on rottun. woalcn. or >Iih. 

Blus (on tomtN). — UiBKilve four ounces of coppenu In three or 
liMir kbIUiq* of irater. Soak the soods thoroutihy In this, and then 
drain and Irani fer 10 a >o1:iiion of (wo ounccK of jiruMiute of polnih 
in the same quantity of watri. I.Ki the koixJs fmm (fiis and put ihetn 
to drain, then aild (<> (he pruMlntc of piitudh solution one-half ounce 
of oil of vitriol; beinK <iiieful to (luiir in a few droiis only at a lime; 
Mir thoroughly reliim the sif>oAi, and iu soon as of the desired shade 
(inse (hem In clear water and dry'. This will color Ave pound*. 

Ys.Li.ow ("js corros). — For five poundH of xoods, diMOlve on« 
pound of Buijar of lead in enough wbirr (■• ili'ii'iujchly saturaie the 
good*., and onc-hiilf puund of hi-chr»mikte of potash in Ihe same 
quantity of water in a separate vessel. Dip (he goods well, and drain 
it> each alternately until ihe desired i-hode is oecured, then rinse and 
dry. If nn or»n«e Is dct.ired, dip the yellow ra|n into strong, hot 
Sipc water before rintiinK. 

Gkkkn (oN cotton). — Kirei coUir blue, and then proceed as in col* 
DrinK yellow. 

TianFv Run (on cortoN),— For four pourtds of cloth, iak« ona 
pound ufsiimv'* in enough uift water to cover (ho cloth in a tub, KWk 
over night, wtini; out und tinne in soft water. Take Iwo ounccK of 
muriate of tin in riear soli water, put in the cloth and let l( remain 
fif(een iniiin(es. I*ii( (hrec pounils of bur wood In cold soft water, in 
A boiler, on » Htiivc, and nearly holl. then partly cnol. then |iu( in the 
eloth and boil one hour. Take a\x\ the cloth und add (o ihe water in 
lh( boiler one ounce (if oil of vitriol, put in the cloth and boil fifteen 
minutes. Rinse i(i cold water. 

D\tK Kann-N.— For dark l>fown, (our ouncca of bine vitriol, two 
pounds of cutch. and six ounces ol bUrhnimaie of potash. This ia for 
ten pounds of cloth. Put the cukli in hi> iron kettle, in cold wa(et 
eaoaich 10 cover the cloth, heat until dissolved, dissolve the vitriol, 
nnd add it tu (he dye. put in the cloth and scald it nn hour or mote. 
WKn({ it (torn the dye, dissolve the hi-chromnle o[ pr>(a«h in boiling 
water in braas, and put in the cloth for fifteen minum. 

Canakv (OS ti»rio?i).— Tolte une-half pound of sugar of lead, and 
iiasolve it in hot a nter. Dissolve onc.fourih pound of bi.thromate of 

Elash !n cold wMer In n wooden vessel. Dip ihc Konds first in the 
id mater, then in Ihe puush, so coniiiiulnx uiiiil (he color suils. 
This quani-ly will coloi five pounda of ragii, 

Cologne Water. — Alcohol, one gallon; add oil of cloves, lemim. 
nuimcx. ""•'1 brrjcamoi, each one dram; oil neroli, tliree and a half 
drams; Hcvcn dmps of oil of rosemary, lavender and cassia; half a 
pint of spirits of nitre. huH a pint of elder Aowcr wa(er. Let It stand 
a day o( two, then take a colander and at tba bottom lay a piece «l 



9* 



U'lTAT EVBKY Oh'E SJtOVtM Kti'OW. 



whilr <loth. itnd All li up, nnc-tnunb of white snnd, and &llrr Ihrau^ 
ii. 

Coll* — CAre of.— Vnung colls ctiould be well ItA and cb><i] Inr Ihe 
tir*< wimrr; provide a narm «Iail for ihem. k iih picnijr <A Uilei. and 
llivcihrm n Knod htu»hing down once mry day. A quart of oats, 
daily, will be needed, and Mjiiie brixbl. clean, sweet hnj. Cut (ecd 
ii not suitable tin youni; colls, who»e digestion should not be ovcr- 
uxed bv food packed solidly in the siomach; feed li|{h( mid Irc- 
ijiicnlly- 

Conifoft Abies— to rcaoTBIc. — Afirf wuhiTig and thoroughly dry- 
ing bi.-d-i|iiiliy, lold :ii"] lOll lIieiTi tiKbl, then give ihem > liealinf; with 
(he roHiiiK-piii Ifi lived up (he hiillJiiK. and miikc ihcm loll ami new. 

Conpositton for Boots and Shoes— i Waterproof). — BenwAx. iwu 
r>uTiie«; lierl lucl. four Ounces; re«in, one ounce; ncatiiloot oil, two 
oimcetj; Uiiijihlack. i>ne ounce. Mdi luicether. 

Composition— for dfivm|:out rat«, etc— Keep on hand Bi)nBn-^ 

tity of chloride of lime. The whole secrel conslitu in «catterlAs; Ul 
dry nit iTOund their haunts and into ihcir holes, and Ihcf will leavp* 
at once, or a liberal decoction of coal tar placed in the entrance ot 
tbcir holes nill do »» well. 

Compost— tn«t trials (or. — In several of the Slaies a cnmpogt heap-J 
mny 1m- mi>\\- of muck <~'i earth for a hn»i)i; to this may be added'l 
leave*. i;oH'iii-«re'l, Jshe*, t!vr>'<"<>- rii|;hl-,tiiil. ilable manute, Irash 
Irom the helds, VMi'pl wcfdH in seed, ind ail (he slops from ihe 
hollies .ind cabins. If rieticed. bone-dust may he added, hul the line 
arlil"ri»l tcniliicr* will be better, if used bv themselves. 

Composition Powder (Thompson's).~Bu>l>eT(y bark, two pounds: 
hemlock bark. i>nc pound; giotier iO(.i(. one pound: Cayenne pepper, 
two ounces; cloves, nvo ounces; all finely pulverxied and well mixed. 
Uuse. onc-tiaif leaspounful uf it and a spoonful o[sii|tBi:put ihem into 
a tea-cup and pour ii half full of bnilintf water; let it hland a few 
minutes, and lill ihe i up with mdk and drink freely. If no milk is to 
be oblxined. fill u)> tlie cup with hoi water. 

Coaanmption Cure.^The followinL- is njd lo be an cflfeciunl rem* 
«dy. and witl m time completely cure the disorder. I.tvc teniperaiely, 
avoid spirituous liquor, wear flannel next the skin, and lake every 
morning half a pint <il new milk mined with a wineglussful of the en 
prcMcd juice of green horchound. One who has Iried ii says, "Fou . 
vccks' u*c of the horchound and milk relieved ihe pains In my hieati,) 
EBve me aliilily to brrAlhc deep, long and fire. ■ircTi^lhrned and har 
Emoniied my vorcc. and restored me l" a better state of health ihar. |1 
had enjoyed for years *' 

Consuinplion— remedy foir. — Mix lageiher sixteen ounce* of liquid 
tar and one fluid ounce of li »uor of poia-^u,. boll them lor n (ew niin* 
utes in the open nir. then let rl simmer in nn irim veviel over a »piril 
or other lamp in the chamber ot the patient. This may >l first ei- 
cite adisposition to euuiih. bui in a thuii lime it allays it. and tp' 
Biovcii any lendency to i|. 




wuA T Ei'E/ry oy£ should ks-ow. 



9S 



iulsiotts. — I>r, W<lli«RW>n rcpnru an latere^iing and remark, 
iuttr it> wliiili hriavcd Ihc life of an Inftkot in<onvu1iIoaK ti|- the 
me of chlunifunn. He <omnicnccd the use of il Ht nine o'clock nii« 
evening. lu «Iiich iwriod ihc child was npidly linking, namcruus 
remeidiM having been nlrcody tiled wilhout effect. He dropped half 
a dram of ch1«r»[bim into n ihm mui^lln tinndkeichicf, and held it 
about an inch (rom the inf&ni'» (arc. In about two rnmiilcg the con- 
viiUiuns f;ave way. ani] llic child fell inlci a sleep. Bjr ^Jiulilly ra- 
lenaing the child from the influence of the chlorolorm. he was able to 
adinlniiicf food by nhich the child wu nouiiihed and strengthened. 
The chloroform w^i* continually admlnUtcred in ihn manner dc- 
tcrlbecl, from t'ricluy evening at nine u'ctocL until Monday miirnini; 
al nine. This ticoimcni laiied lixcy hour*, and sixlMn ounce* of 
chloroform were uied. tJr, Wllliamion uyi he ho* no doubt thai 
the chlorofOiini Hat intirunienial in utvln^ the Infant'* life; and that 
no injurious efTects. huvaver trivial, from tlic ireaiment adopted, 
have subsequently appeared. 

Cooking; Hints.— Co olcing needs on intellireni, cultivated mind lo 
guide ihc htind* auiie a* much ax painting and music. It is one thing 
lo p(r(iiiie fijod »o caietully thai it i^hall lonk Inviting and bcnourinh- 
ing and digestible; quite another lu miic a few ingrcdirnto. place them 
in Ihe oven, or over the stove, which is either loo hoi or loo cold 
ttficntimcs. without any interest as to the result. Take one ur l«o 
common dishes lU cooked by ordinary icrvanta, and compare them 
with vhat they »hould be; lor Instance, that much al)U8cd di«h. 
"hash." No wonder, nii ii is brought Co the table too often. The 
odds and ends of meat, left over from many meals, are picked up: 
•ome ate (rcth and some dry, «ome with tough giistlc on. and all 
chopped loKcthei with potatoes, [he latter perhaps Just cooked and 
hot. which spoils all hashea. Il is put into a cold spider, with fat of 
BOmc kind, and moistened with water, sometimes too much and 
aomdlines too little. When hoi ii is, sent to the table. The rciU,Bp- 
petltlng hMh isHomclhiiig very ijiflereni and a nice btc.iKfwri dish. 
Water in which meat of any kind h»i been boiled should be set away 
to cool, the fat removed and the broih saved for soups, stews and 
hasbc*. All gravies should he saved and treated in ibe same way. 
and no fatal all left in ihcm. A jar of extract of beef should be In 
every house, and if there i>- neither of the above tm hand, a quadrr 
of a leaspoonful of the * xtrncl in a half tup of hot wnter will moixten 
and flavor the hash, and add very much loiisrlcbneaa. Mure should 
be uied if the quantity of hash needed is tarn. Corned beef is al- 
ways best, bul the hath is icood when made of cold roa*t l>ecf, mut- 
ton, or fowl*. A roast boe( booe will often have on it meat enoii|[h 
for hash, when there is not enough (or the (able in any other fortn. 
It should be bolted in a very little water, and the water saved lo 
moisten it, until the meat loosens from the bones, then chopped with 
twice the amount of cold boiled potaton, seaxoned with tialt and 
pepper Mid moistened before putting oo the fir*. The spider with a 



WNAT EVE/fY O.VE SHOVhti KKOW. 

Unle butter or b«vf-drip[Hiig in ii. »)ioutd b« boiling hot, ibe bash pai 
I Ml and coveted until « ligbi brown cnui hM (armed; iten lurocd 
er on ibe platter knd MrTtd. 

Tbr xdirr <il mbbaicc when boilinj-mar be mncdted alrnost mlirelf 
' placing a lump of charcaal in the put willi tbe CAbtutKC. In boil- 
■K srcvns ■ lump of dough (he uic of a bcn'i egg iteS in a cieaiil 
ctoih and placed to boil with ihc green* trill abforb all oHeniivc 
odor. 

Cop«ftaer»hlp«.— PannenbijM muv be either general or tpecjaf 
In geoersl pattoetBbin munvy mv^sicd ccuci lo i>c indivtdaal prop 
,ctty. Each member u made pemKia!!}' liable la\ the whole aaiouitt'' 
Ud debu incnrred bT (be cooopuir- 'Tbe c<»npan<r ■* liable (or all 
P«6ntr«cia or obligufoa» oiadc bjr individyal members. 

Special partners are not liable beyond the amount comribuled. 
A per*oa may become > partner by allowing people generally to 
I pmutnc that he 1> one, a>, by baring hit name on Ihe sign, or par^ 
Iccla. or In tbe hill* u«cd ia Ihe bu«iii«4>. 

A sbarcoT speciAc iniercHt in the profits or low o( a boMiWH, 
remuneration for labor, may involve one in Ibe liability of a pan 

In cafe of bankruptcy, ibe joint cMaie la lini applied to the pay 
neni o( panncr^bip deb4». itic surplus only )[oing lo the credilor^ o[ 
Ihe individual estate. 

A dl»olution ol panncnhip may take place under expresi Mlpula 
iloni (n the articlci of agiecmcni. by mutual content, hy Ihc dealht 
^inwuiity o( one of the firm, by HwATd i>( urbilrjunts. i>r by court 
■quiiy in ca^cB til oiisconducl o( some member of Ihe Ann. 

In cue of dc.-kih. ihc surviving partners must account lo the reprc- 
Mcnuilve* of the dcccascd. 

Copyinc Paper— to make.— To make blact paper, lampblack 

miacti itiih t'lM I.inl; red I'uficr. Venetian red mixed wiihTardi green 

paper. chiunKi Ktecn mixed wrlh lard: blue |>jipFr. piu»tan blue mixed 

wilh Uid. Tlie above ingredienli lo be mixed \a ihc conMslcOCV ol 

thick {idXe. aikI I'i tie Hpplird lo the paper wilh a r»^, then lake a 

ILunncl tJi£ mid ruli till iiH ci>li>f ccAses coming oO, Cul yrjur sheets 

four inches wide, and six inches long, put lour sheeti together, one 

of each color, and sell (or t«enly-Gve cents per package. The Km 

Icott will not beovet thrccccnu. Dirccticms for writing: Lay doi 

lyour paper upon vhich you wlnh to write; ihcn iHy on Ibe copyio^ 

' paper, and over (his lay any strap of pit|<er you (ho'jsc; Ihen lake 

any haid poinled subsunce and write ss you ivuuld with a pen. 

Coial — to clean. — Souk li in loda and water fur somehoun. Then 
make utaiher ol *oap, and itilh a nofl hair-brush rub the coial lighlly, 
letting Ihe brusti enter all Ihe inlertlirrs. Pour oil the water and re- 
plenlim il wilh clean cuiislanity, and then lei the coral dry io the 
•on. 

Cordial iBlackbeny). — Let ihe (ruiiiimmer awhile and then pre*) 
out jujire: iiic.ii'li [iini ol ihcuime. pui nearly equal quant I tick ol while 
(ugai; boil and skim, aud when a thick jelly, put in bollles, filUog 



WHAT EVEKY ONE SHOULD kWOW. 



tial(>waT: when cold, fill up wiih good wbiftky or ^'icnch btandjr, II 
IMIu OS if hitfhlv tpkcd. sod t* splendid for medicinal purposcii. 

Cordifti (Godlre^'Kl.— SMiufnu. tkx ounce*: Kccds at coriander. 
carawnj, nnO HnKr. (if rach one ounce: in(u*e in *U pi'nis of watrr, 
nimmor the niixture till reduced lu four iiinm. then add >ix pound* of 
molaMca; IkmI a fete minuies; whrn cold udd ihrtrc Huid ouacc* of 
tincture of opium. For children lecihinit. 

Cordial (Neutraliiing^l.— Take of pnwdeicd rhubarb. bi-rHrbon»to 
potufih. |ii>w<1(-r<-i! yr-\i\x!m\M leHt i-^, i-Hch ilirvc ounces; oil of cinna- 
mon, nil III eriKeion. ciidi two diuni>; water, (our pints; alcohol, 
ninety -Rtc per cent., rietil ounces; suKar, thitly-lwu ounces: Infuie 
the potrden in the Iniling Hater for a half-hour, and expreu nnd 
Rtoin: then dllKolvc the Kugar In (he liquor by nieanc of heal; wliilv 
the rotxiurc ii cnoUntt. add the CMcnliAl oils diMolved in the alcohol. 
l>o«e. one i>r two le*»poijn(uls every three hour*, or oftener. an may 
be rc'iuired. in diai-rh<ra, dysentery, and the summer complaint* o/ 
children, elc, 

C<Kdi«I (Peppermint).— f.ood whisky, ten Kdllons; water, ten 
RalUm*; white ".UKHr. tennour)d<t: oil pvppcrtninl. one ounce, in one 
pint jikoli'^l. one jiound flour well winked In with the fluid, one-half 
pound burni lutjar to color. Mil and let ll stand one week tielore 
using. Other oil in place of pcppcrmlm. and you have nny HHVor 
devlred. 

Corns— tr<*tcd with salicylic acld.—I>r. Traill Green ipeoki 
highly of the rnulls nbtuincd in the ItcatmenI of hard and sofi corn« 
with salicylic acid. He ha* adopted n formula tcconimcndcd by \it. 
Gexou, nhlch is ai follows; .Salicylic acid, thirty paru; extract of 
cannabis indlca. live parts: cnlloilion. two hundred and fortv part*. 
The collodion fixes tbe acid to [he part and protects it from friction ; 
the cannabis tndica act* as on anodyne, and the odd rcduccN and 
jooaco* the corn so that ll comet of) in loui or five days. Thi- reme- 
dy is applied with a camelVhaIr prniil, and if the com ii not well 
cured. Ihc application may he rr|M;iiied, in lour or live days the pa- 
liont^hould use u warm foul buih and rub off the collodion. If any 
portion of the corn remain.i. the add should be applied affaln. and (be 
ircalcneni cuniinued until <h<.- whole of (he corn has diuppOSfOd. 

Corns— on the bottom of the foot.— Corrn, wherever they occur, 
art (ccnrr^lly due i<i uneijunl prcAsuie. or to the rubbinff of the spot 
by Ube shoe ut Wot. As a rule, if the cause is rcmuvcd. a cure wilt 
se made. L'se .in in>sotc of leather, or of pasteboard, cutiinu in it • 
ttole large enough to receive the corn. If the tole is thick enough to 
prevent all prcsiiure upon the corn, ii will probablv Ret well. 

Corns — treatment of. — I. Com* are ii ihicKened state of the 
scarf-skin, cauicd by pressure or friction. The part of the sljinacied 
upon becomes hard, and presses upon the sensitive thin within, 
Wnleb, endeavoring to relieve Itxll. produces an additional quantity 
of scarf -ftkln. Treatment: Soak the feet tn warm water, pars th« 
lop ol the com, and apply one drop of (be foIlowinK solvents: i. 



4ft WHAT Kl>Elty ONE SHOULD KNOW. 

LanireaaMk. Uuitten the corn and rub ii with th« caustic. 3. 

Niirlc add, npptlcd with a fad or slick. 3. Strong •olaijon of nib- 

airt>OII*lC o( polAsh. The corn !■ Ki'odually «alen away Bod dUap- 

pvari. Ab rurna arv the irfutl i>f fiictlon. they may tic prtvrnlrt) m 

driven Hway at an early iUkc by anuJnlinK ilietn evtry nifcht and 

mnrnltig wiib vmix\. oil. on the same principle thai lubrtcaiiun b up- 

plIH Ml axle-trcM, etc.. lo prevent (rictloa mjiulng Ibem. 

S. Soak (he tett oetl in warm watcf. pate oil «* loueh of th« com 

. H CAR be done Mitb»ui jwin. and bind up the |>arl with a pterc o( 

I lison or Diualin, Ihuruughly aaiuruted with sperm oil, or, what is bct- 

ttt, llu oil Irom licrrlng or mackerel. After three or foe. dnyi the 

drtMlof may befoundof aaofi and healthy tenure, a.aC Ie«. liable to 

tiM formation of a n««r com than before. We have ubulneU thiH 

Kcltw from a reliable lourcv which ^c cannot welt doubt, 

). A Mttall piece of lal ammoniac diiiolved in two tablcspoonfuU 
• nl *plrlu o( tvlne, and the name quantity of water. Saturate a small 

IiUm of aponffo or linen rajj, and place it boiwern the toe*, chnniclnic 
I iwlcn a day. This will cauic the &kin to harden, and the corn may 
iMcaWly catritated, 

4, Soak the feet well In hol water before colng in tied, then pare 
iloWit ihe corn, and. after having juM moi»lcned it. lub ■ Uitlr lunar 
caaalic un the oirn and jiut around the edce. till it turns l<Kht uray. 
Il« the nm niomin([ it will be block, and when ihc burnt skin peel* 
ufl'll will leave no vestifte of (he cnrn undcineaih. Of courtc. the 
mrn In liable to reiutn, but not f->r nome leilK'h of time. Or. scrape 
a lilt of common chnlk. and put n pinch of the powdci on (he com at 
nliihi. lilndMiK n plerc of linen round. Repeat this fut » few duya, 
wbrn the ic)in will come ofl in little scales. 

J. I'lir oft corni dip a niece of linen cloth In turpcnilne and wrap 
k artiund itii: t>ie nn which thr corn U tlluated. niRhi and inorni»K. 
Tlie relief will be Immediate, and. after a few day». the corn will dls- 
appoar. If ci>rn« are soaked in uida and water Ihey will become 
aoflened and may be eaillv removed. 

A. Boil a DDtalo la It* skla, and after it is boiled take the sktn and 
pBt tba ImM* of It lo the com, and le-.it ve it <m f»r about twelve hours; 
at the end of that period the corn Kill be ncurly currd, 

7. Tukc quarter cup o( strong vinegar, crumb finely in it sume 
bread. Let Hand half an hour, or until It softens into a good poul- 
tice. Then apply, on retlrlnic at nluht. In the morninK (he soicncM 
witl be none and the cum con be picked out. If the cirn is a very 
obitinale one, it may require two or more applications to effect a 
cure. 

Cora PteMwi.— In apiece of card, cut aroundhnle the sire o( the 
central portion of the com; lay the card on apiece of adheitlve planter, 
and warm the spot of plaster exposed by the hole in Ihe card, by huld> 
(nS a hot Iron near It lor a second or two; then remove the card and 
■prbikie tome finely powdered nitrate of lilvcr on the warm spot of 



IC//J T KVRR V O.VJS SHOULD A'A'OW. 



« 



ihc plnslrr, Wlicn told, shake olT the loose powder, and apply to the 
coro. Two or three applicationi Kldora (oil to cure. 

Cani-«rib9 (Rat-ProoT).— Tnkc post* t«n or eleven (eel loan and 
elicht Idchca square; (nnriJHc twn (eft from oiic coil; for ciid-sillK. two- 
inch morli'ie wiih tusk, T»pe[ p<isi» (r"m sill t" the end. by hewinK 
ofl inside unlil the end is reduced lo four inrhei diumelei; make 
sinuulh with the dtaw-knife, and nnll on iln imooih hnlf way lo the 
end, below the lill. Let silU he ci^hi inches square, also cnj-(lc (hem 
and the rafier-plntes kiiouk wiih imxU-tiilc inlcr-licH. Bncc well, andi 
lalh ep and down with ilirec -quarter-inch laih; ilove'loilor counter-' 
link joints crosBwiac; lay (he floor, and board up the endi with tin- 
grooved boardi: let each bio be twelve feet lona. six feci wide at (he 
■III. Mid levcn and one-half feci at ptote: and. If full to peak, it will 
bold Iwo hundfcil and lifty ImmhcU, If preferreil. lay the flour with 
tath or n*m>w boards, with room (or ventilutli>n. Each post should 
Klasd on slone, and be iiboot three inches from Ihe cround, and each 
■lotie have a foundation two feel square and below the frooL 

Com — to pfcvent beiner dcitrojed.— To prevent the com beln( 
dc«troy«d or eaten by clmlirn*. i>trrls, or insects, before !t icrowB 
through the BurfiKc of (he soil. ptci>urc the seed before phinlinK by 
BprinklinK a sutlicicni portion of coal tor, procured at the k^s manu- 
(actory. throush it, stirring to that a ponioti will adhere to each 
Kmln; then mix among the corn some ground piaster of Porit. which 
will prcrcni the tftr (torn stickinic lo the lilnicers of those who drop the 
com, and rruclutiun will be promoted thereby. The tur and plnsier 
will not injun; the corn lo as lo preveot Its growing, by being kept 
Kioie doyt ider it i.s so mixed toBciher. 

Com, Be«nc, ctc.^to c&n.— Aficr sitipplns off the husks and 
pIckJnK ofl (he silk, Klicc oH mrcfully slioul half or two-thirds of the 
corn, with ii sharp knife: then, with the buck iif Ihe blade, prctn or 
•crape ofl that part of the kernels left on the tob. This prevents citt- 
ling> of ihe cob. Fill the can about one-third, and with the small end 
d1 a potato mafiher. i>t other stick, gently pack It down; put in tliore 
com and pack aicain. and cinlinue until (he ran Is (nil to the very 
lop, Put on the rubber, and screw the lop on very liichi Put some 
tlolh, hay or straw in the bottom of the wash boiler and on It set (or 
lay) the n'led cans. Fill (he boUcr with cold water, being careful (o 
cover Ihe cans wiih it; set over the IVrc, and boil (or three hours or 
noic, Do not (ear that the cans will burst, even il very lightly 
icrrwcd down. When you lake ihem oui, try if it Is possible to screw 
Ihe cover on more securely. After ibe iar» arc cool, wrap each one 
in popcr, and set away In the dark. This is «iseuilal, Thih process 
MMceed* perfectly, absolutely without u failure. Siicciitash is put up 
In Ifae fame way, and «o are icreen beans anti siring beans. Peas you 
CMinot pack — shake down very closely— put on rubbers, screw an 
cor*r, and boil in Ihc same manner as direeicd for the com. They 
will shrink in the can — corn will not i( pmkcd hatd, 

Cora^-toauiinglaujKrt.— Take ilie bent sweet com tor UbU 




9« 



WHAT F.VBRY ONE SHOULD If NOW. 



Wf, when tmdcr. cut from the cob before cty>kin};: put in Klasi jai% 
and with ihe small cad of the poiaio-inuber parK it ligtt; when fnV 
pDl on the mbbeT and icrcw on the rover almoKl tight; place ckxl) 
on the botioRi of ilie wash hoilcf : Ijy in the <an«, one over anolher: 
niTf r with cold waier; ithni it conm to a l>;)il. boil Ihrcr hours; lakq 
out anil 9CICW un (he curers prrfcclly tiijht. If the coveni are not 
liKht enuugh. then boiling wiicr will get in. Com put up in (hit way 
is n» well aa In auinmer— all Ihc flavor i> preserved and there Is no 
ttnublc In keeping, 

Cori>— t«can in tin una, — Get cans made thni require to be told«r- 
eil. Cut the c>in> '.ilT Ihc cob and &II the cans wiiliin ihrcc-quancni o4 
BD inchu( Ihc (op, Dunoi pack thecorn. Then pour in naicr until the 
corn U covered. Then put the cap on ami solder It np pcdcclly air 
lifcht. Put the cann in n kritle .ind lioil ihcm iw<i and u half hour*. 
Then Take Ihcni out Mnil punch a hole in the lop <■( the c«ia: a hole Cbe 
siie o[ a Urge peeling-awl will do. Lei Ihfin set until all th« nnm 
hju pi*»cd out. which requiiFs about five minuicn. Then >iop up the 
bole with iMldet. and put them In the kettle- and boil ihem two and a 
hall boun afain. Then put the miii in a roul, daik plau-, anil ihey 
wm kcagi wdt. 

CWB (HuUedl. — Old-fashioned people look upon hul1«d com as a 
luxury. 11 should be more common than it it a* anholesome acceptable 
food. Hulled com i« the Norlhcrn equivalent of horoiny or iianip. 
In one case the hull i« removed by meang (•! Icy ami in ihe oihei by 
bcaliniioruiher nierh:inic)ilmeunN. In thecourteof hailing, the cum 
doubles la bulk. White. Ilinty corn » prefeted. Take hucd-wiiod 
ashea euual in measure, to the com, pout on twice as much water, in 
Ml iron Mclilc. and boil for several minutci;, Sklin of) whatever riMS 
anij allow the dregs |o settle. This wilt lake place *ooncr If a Utile 
cold water b« added. Pour ufl the clear ley. wash the kettle, put In 
the corn with (he ley und hoil briskly for half an hour, addinjc walnf 
lo make up the loss by evaporaiinn. and siirlng frequently. Pour«0 
the ley and rinse the corn In Mveral water*. Place the com with 
water tn a large pan and rub ii ihrouith the bonda to remove any 
romalninit hulls and (he black " chits," Continue to waah in hucccb- 
sive waltm. until thnt which is poured o(C is clear. Then cowr the 
com with water and boil slowly until quite soft, stirring (tcqucolly 
■od addtng hot water to make up any loa*. When quite soft, add a 
luice lablespooniul of snti to each »ix ouaru of the hulled cnm. Mull' 
cd corn >b calcn cold with inillt or with sugar and cream, or hot with 
buKer. 1( will kcrp in cuUI weather for several dayi. 

Com — for seed.— Always select even-rowed cars, anil ears whose 
raw* are straight ami regular on the cob. Ear* that taper arc tlie 
beet because belter protected by the hu«k», and then. lc»>. the 6llk-> 
lb« female part of the plant — rcmuins alive longer. The reaaon (or 
•electing the tup ear for seed is that it is always more fully d«v«h 
oped, more uniform and more vigorous in Its germination, having 
been better fertlliicd when in the illk. 



ir//J T FVEH V OS'R SHOULD KS'OW. 



9» 



I 



Cora Starcb— to tnanabicture.— TbF cnrn i» Kcepcd In wftter, 
rtnirlns in (cmpcratDre iroittierenivilenrees toonchundreJ *n<l (o«y 
■IcKircs Kahrcal>rit, for iiboalaiif«k chanitinKlhT water at !<\ki(oiie< 
in i«eniy-(our houm. A rcctuin amount of Mid fcrmcnlntloii b thus 
ptoduced, causing the itarrli »ii<l rvdixc of ihc com to be cwiiljr 
sRijiaiBted nftcrward. The sKullen corn is ittttiiml in » current of 
;tc4ir soft water, and Ihc pulp pM*es Uiroueti slFves. irith tbe wntor 
tnlu VMS. In (hew the (urch froduatly »clttci lo the boUom. Uie 
cleoi' water is then luii ull by j tap, and ine march Hathcrcd and dried 
in ■ proper aparlnx-iit fur (he purpiwr. 

CosiBOline — use of. — Cosmolinr in inulhjnj; wbrii Ibcskin is brok< 
«o and keep* belter than ordinary uivf. The piatiei will come In 
,;pl*y lor mis. and a tittle collodion brushni over ii makn it waicr- 
BroeT. so ihjt ll nceil not be dEiIurbcd until Ihc new skin hu formed 
Mneath ii, 

Costivenesa — to cure.— Common fh«to.!il i, Iiicbly rcommended 
for ctMlivcnrwt. ll may be taken either in leit or labletpoonful, or 
even larcer doses, according [o the cxiKcncies of ihc case, rolxcd 
Willi moUties. rcpcnimg it as often as ncceisary. tiaihc the bowcia 
with pf'pprt ^uid vinegar. Or lake iwo ounces nf rbubarb, add one 
ountr of riKii "f iron, infuse in one quail of wine. Ilsli a winei[tu»- 
(ul n'cry m"rniii,{. Ot take pulveri ted b1<H?Kl-mot. nne dram; pul' 
vcrijcd rhubarb, one ilnun; Castile snap, iwo scruples. Mix and 
roll into ihitly-lwo pilU. Take one morning and nighl. By (ollow- 
Ing these directions it may perhaps save you froin a severe attack of 
piles, or some other kindred disease. 

Cotton Goods— tocJcAflse.— Add in hot nun wmilt an amount of 
wheat brun cqiuil i'.> <:'ti(--ciKlith c>f the fabnt' lobe cIcAriscd . and, after 
stirring well (or five minmci. add the goods; stir them about with n 
clean Klick, tinil bring the whole lo a boil. Allow the mixture locoul 
until Ihc arliiii-si t^n tie washed out. after which nn«e Ibcni well. 

CiMtons (Colored^— to wuli. — Boil iwii<|UAiis of Wan in water 
(or half an hnur. lei it ruol. then sliain it, and mix the liquor with 
ihc water in which the things air to be washed. They will only re- 
ijujrc rinsing, as ihc bi.in will stiffen them sulficlenily. For colored 
mutUni, ricc'waicr is very Rourt. as it helps to preserve Ihe color; 
but, Jilth'-ugh it makes while muslins deal, it sometimes gives Ihcni 
u yclli'w tinge. When used il should previously be boiled In the 
proportion of one pound ot rice la one gallon of water. Ko soap Is 
required. 

Coiton Fabrics— to render fire praof,— If a teaspoonful of pow- 
derc'l )H>rti-T ih iu!<1n1 (i> every pint nf >tar<:h used in siatchtn([ cotton 
KixaIs. ihey i-annoi be niailc to burn with a bUie. The borax can 
have n" injurious cflcci upon the cluib or upon Ihe wearer, and is so 
cheap that everj* one can ailord il. 

Cook') Compound.— For the cure of coughs, colds, asthma, whoop- 
lnr<oai[li. and all •liscasct of the lunits; One spoonful of common 
tar. three spooofult of bonoy, the yolk of three hen'segK*. and half a 



no IVl/AT El'E/iY OKE SllOl'LD A'f/OlV. 

pint of wino; beat Ihr tHT. ckk* kniJ honey wdl tof^thcr ivith a knjfe. 
and bottle for uie. A icaspoonful every morning, n<"m anil nifthc. 
bcfnie cactng. 

Coiij^(Coiiautn|>tiTe) — to cure. — Take three pim-i rain wuer, 
hall a pound of roitinv I'hiipped finp. three (utilesp'jun (uls Aosteed; 
sweeten to nsj-rup with honcj-, and boil down to a quart. Add three 
tea«pooaluU nt cxirnrt of anldc seed. Takes tablesp<H>n(ijl eight 
tiiDMaday. 

Cough Candy (Medicat«il.>— To fire pound* lA eandj- just re*dy 
10 pour on ilie slul), iidd the ("1 lowing mijiture, and form 11 into siti'hm: 
Tloctuie »quill*. two ouncei: camphorated tincture of opium luid 
tinclurc at to|u, o( f-ach one-hoK ounc«; wine at iprr«e. i«ie-hal( 
ounce: oils of K->ulihcrin. four drop(>; ntuiulras, three diopn; and ol 
anlie M-i-d oil. two drops, iini) use (his (f»l>- in common coughk. 

Cough Drop«. — Four leatpoonfuls of caiior oil. four teospoCinfulB 
of ciKiluHte', otic tcoiipiionful of mmphor. nud une tcaspnonful of par. 
rKoric. Mix totcethrr und lake n tcaapoonful at a dofc four or £vc 
limes n da;^. M'jthifr?i, try thin: u mnnth old baby can uke a tew 
dx.pi; six months', a hull teaspoon fill. :ind a year old. a spooafu). 
When a child lioii a colil. and tKrealencd wilh croup, begin girlait the 
tyrup during the dav. and on going In l>ed. If It coughii durinK the 
niRhl. give more. It will noi (nil to prcveni croup and cure a cuujfb. 
A Rrown ]«T-)i>n iHn tiikc A larger do*r. 

Cough ^Dr^l — remedy for. — Take of powdered gum arnhic, half an 
ounce; liquoticc- juice, half an ounce. Dlstolve Uic gum Arsi In vara 
water, squccie in the juice of a Icroon. then odd of purcKorlc Iwo 
drama; ayrup of »quil]i, onr dram. Cork all In a bottle und shake 
well. Take one Itaapoonlul when the cougb is troublevime. 

Coo^ Cure. — An infallible cure for a coucb or bronchiili^, Well 
tried and proves true: Tincture of tolu. four drumk; lintiurc of 
ophim. two dram*; tincture of lobelia, four drama; syrup of squill*, 
one ounce; tincture of tar. two drums; syrup, utiUI clicrry, oite 

?uund; *ynip of Ipecac, one ounce; clyccrinc. fire ounces; mix, 
'ake one teaspoonful three times a day, 

Consb — toalleriate.— For a couRh or tickling in the throat tiiko 
thejuiceof iwolomoos, the beaten wblle of one eKg, enoU|th jiowilercd 
or granulated sufcar to make a thick paste, A teaspoonful of this 
mixture will allay Ihc itrilnlion and cute a cough in its cAfly stage*. 

Cough— to cure. — Roost a lemon very carefully without burning 
tl: when it ii thoroughly hot, cut and iquccie Into a cup ujhio ihtce 
oiUicM of augur, finely powdcftd. Take a triiKpuonful whenever 
your cmtgh l/ODblc* you. It la a* good as it io a|;rceable to the 
uate. 

Cnch Mixture — reliable. — Take two ounce* of balm of Kil«*d 
btidi, inc lieihest you can procure, and boil ihcm very kluwly In a 
quart of wiiter. Let It simmer down to one pint. Ihco sirsin it. aad 
Ihcik add one pound of boney in comb, wUh the juicu of three leniona. 




WHA T EVER Y ONE SHOULD jeXOlT. loi 

Let ihem nil bM'l lo^lbor until the wnx in the honry is <liui>lT«d. 
ThU bus been known ti> cure a «iuf{h of lon^ standing. 

Congh Mixture. — Ptucgaric, one ouocc; linciure of lolu, one 
nunt'e: >i><rliH »< nitic, oneoodce; oniUnonlAl wine, eighth i>( an ounce. 
A iesi^i>'infut ol this tnixigre I* n do«e. 

Cough Syrup. — Put one quart hoMhound to nite quart wnier. and 
bdil II ilnun to A plot; odd two or thrve sticks of licorice and a tAhte- 
-|u>i)iilul of ciweacc of Icinon. Take a tabl«»pooafiJ of the sfrup 
llirrr tin>rt n day. oi a* often a» the cough may be tn>ub1c«onie. 

Cough— Bimplcmatditsfor.— I. Foraiiitht. hoarse coiijth. where 
phlcit<n 11 not Taiscd. t>t with difficulty, take hot water often, as hoc a* 
can be sipped. This will be found \o give immediate and permanent 
feliel. 

3- Tty Kiim arable. Keep a piece In the back pan of the moulh 
uiillt the irrii^iii'in li allayed. It I* v«fy hcallnK m wHl lu niiltitious. 
uiid does not diKirciinjcc the Moinach as sweet rough IIliIItute^ do. 

]. A smiill piece of resin, dipped In the water which Is placed in a 
reiisci on the Move, will add a peculiar property lo the ntmoiphere of 
the room, whlih uill tflve great rcllel to person* troubled with cough. 
The heat of the wntcr >•> siilDcknt lo throw off the aroma of rettin. 

4. A medical iuiili<>rity recommends ■ lilile common sugar ns n 
remedy fotadrr hacking cough. If troubled at night or on firii wak- 
ing In the aioming. have a little cup on a stand close by the bed, and 
lake h.ilf a teMpoonlnl ; thia will be of hcnelit when cough-tynips tail. 

Cough <WhOoplng) tre*tmciit. — Oiuolvc a scruple of sati of 
larlar in a gill of water; add to it ten grains of corhincM!: sweeten It 
with lugar. Give to an infanta quarter (easpoonful four limei adaji; 
iwn years old. half ipoonlul ; from four yean. A tAblcspoonf ut. Gre«[ 
eare la required in 1^<: luttn in it 1 ration of medicine* to Infants. We 
can assure pnternul ini^uifcrs that the foregoing may be dcpenilod 
upon. 

Coughi— to relieve — II Is said that a small piece of reain dipped 
In the water which U placed in a vessel on a stove, not an open hre- 
place. will ihUI H peculiar propeny to the atmosphere of the room 
which will KJre great relief to per*an» troubled with a coiiKh, The 
heal of the stove is sufGcierU to throw ofl the aroma of the resin, and 
gives the saiDc relief that I* aSorded by the combuiljon, because the 
evaporation !• more donble. Tlic same resin ttiAy be used for 
weeks. 

Court Ptuter. — Thi^ plaster ts merely a kind of varnished silk, 
l*nd its manufacture is very easy. Brui»e a sufBcierit quantity of 
I tsinglau. and let it joak in a little warm wsier for ttrcnty-lour hours; 
> eKpoM II to heat over the Hre till the greater pan of the water li 
[ di*slp>iietl. and supply its place by proof splriic of wine, which will 

nbiiic Willi theisinicUvt. Strain ilie whole through a jneoc of opett 

linen, taking care that the consistence of Ihe misturc shall be such 

Ihal, when cool, it may form a trembling jelly. Extend a piece of 

Iblack or iJcsh-colorcd silk on a wooden frame, and fix ii in Ihal position 



toa ir/W T E VER Y OJVE SfiO VLD KNO W. 

byme&iMoiuduKir twine. Thmapoly ihe tiing1aM(artrr it Km been 
rendend liquid by b penile hcatt to i)ic clllc wlih a brunh of Gn< haJt 
(badKcKB Is the bnt). As noon lu thl« Arsi «o«lini; It ilricil. which 
will not be lonjj, spi>'y "^ second; Mid ftltetwArd, if the nrticle U lo be 
vety iupcrior. a third. When the whole is dijr, cover il wiih iwo or 
lhr«« coalinas of the balsam af Peru. This ia the EcnQlnc onurl 
plutcr. It I* pliable, and never breolw. which it for from beini; the 
CMe wiih ipurtniiii iirtictct *a\\\ under thni name, 

Conrt Plaster. —Hfuth silk over with a tatutiun ■>( istngla>». In 
tplrlls or wans wulcr, dry und repeat several time*. Fm the la«t 
ApptlculoQ applf Mveral coat* of baloam of Peru. U»ed to cIom 
cm* or wound*, by warming it and applying. It docn not wiuh off 
iinlil llie skin i>anln.lly heal*. 

Cover— for a lounge. — A serviceable cover to throw over a lounge 
or I nucli Iri ihe sUiinK-ri>oni is made by taking a braad. bright stripe 
<i( crcti'imc; nn each side olthig pui u stripe of black or dajk brown 
cliilH (llnr I» K'vc body (o il); on each edge put a row of fancy nllchea 
In lilk or irrwcl; the ends may be finished with frlnRc or not, at yon 
ebo'isc. Amilhrr cover \% cnadc of the drab Aids canvas, with the 
ends worked in Ioom ovorcuat ttilchcs. The canvaH may be fringed 
out to any length denr«d it you take the precuuIioD to overcast the 
ediC wheic ) nu snip raveling, to prevent its fraying out to a greater 
dciiih iliiin yoii cure lo havelt. 

Cow^tO relieve from choking.— When a cow i« choked with a 
polalo or a piece <>( root in the throat, and il cannoi be reached or 
caught bv IWO fingers of Ihe hand Inserled In the throat, Ihc bcM 
meana of relief i* ralhec to crush the dbiiacle by placing a block of 
wood on one side of the Ibroal against il. and Milking a sharp blow 
on the other side wiih a wooden mallei. This wi]| smaab Ihe potato, 
apple or root, and Ihe cow can awallow li. 

Cow (nvelled bag)— to «ur*.— An excellent remedy for swelled 
bog* In cowa, causedby cold, elc, is gum camphor. onc-ha}f ounce, 
lo sweet oil. two ounces; pulvcrixe the gum, and diuolve over a 
alow Arc. 

Cow (kickiiig>— to cure. — To cute a cnw of the habil, pul a com* 
mon garden hoe end in front of lier oR hind leg. and above and be- 
hind Ihc gamhrel joint ol Ihe nigh hind leg. Then silting down on 
the right lo milk, pul ihc li.-indle of the hoe well up under the arm, 
and begin milking. The heifer connoi sllr either hmd leg. ochI alter 
one week ahe can lie milked »afely wilhoiil (ellering. 

Crab-apple <S«reet Splcedl — to CWi.— Selerl lari-c onea. cutout 
Ihe blows. One pint "f riiicgar. onchatl pint of water, live pound* 
o( sugar, one lililcipoonful each of whole cloves, stick dnnamon, 
whole atUplce. and one half teacup of mustard &ecd. Cook the syrup 
a few mtnuie*. I*ut (ew apples in at a time; skini out as soon aa 
soft into a jar. then turn Ihe syrup over all. For one ptKk of apptcv. 
I also can crab-applea as I do strawberries, or prcKPre itaeoi wnoJe, 
pound (or pouod. 



WHA r EVER V ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



">3 



Crackers lO«tRie*Il. — W«( oat |iint of fine oatnml «tih one glU ' 
o[ Hjirf ; worli ii n lew minul» will) a upoun, iinlil fou cjin niAke it 
up Into 1 mux; pUcc it on a boArd well covered with dry ojitmeal: 
make It »^ compoci a* you on. and roll It oul caie(ull)' to aboul one- 
•iktb o( Alt iiKh In (hiclinesK, nnd cut Inin •quaret with a knife, of 
into abapcs with a Cftkc-culter, Hake in a very alow oven, or mcrcljr 
Rcald them ax first and llicn let Ihmi sliind in the uvcd uniil ihey dry 
out. These are difficult to make ai first, but you soon lefltn In handle 
ihe dough and 1o wuich your oven to ihdl Ihey vill not scorch. Ther 
ate rxccllenl ['>r all ilie purpatie* ol ctni:kers, and if kept dry. or if 
packed in oalmeal. Ihey will laal Koud for months. Thh \% one 
lorm of the Sci>li:h "bannock." A rich addition it Iwo lieApin); 
tpoonfuK of groun'l dessic^led i:ocoa-nut- 

CruQp-— if) bathing;, — Foe the cure of the cramp whirn »wimining, 
Dr. Franklin rcrommends « vigorous anil violent thuck lo (he part 
■ilecled, by suddenly and forcibly slrelchinj; out the leg. which 
should lie (farted oul of Ihe wnier into the air if po»rble. 

Cranberry Sauce.— To make nice cranberry laucc the berrita. 
after tieiriK ili<itoiiKhly wiu.hert, ihould be piii Into ^\ niuce-pan (por- 
reluin. ncrci irun ur linj. niih a <|Uart of boiliiiK w»icr lo earh quart 
ol bernei, and boil rapidly fur twenty minutes, mashing the bcrriet 
wiih a strong wooden spoon or majther. ITieo add two leacupfuU of 
sugar for eich quail of bcriio, ttir well, Ici It boil up. and then pour 
Intosdiih to cool. It should be vety cold when i>i'r%-ecl. We aJway« 
pus the slewed fruit, after coolinK a little, IhruuKh a course »ieve. 
and return lo the sauce-pun before addini! the sunar. Id il just come 
lo a boil, slir in the sugar and boil genlly three or four minutes. Then 

eour into moulds or in a piclty glitti dish. If one serve* Ihe bi^rrles 
I thib w-.iy oiiee "he will never u»c Ihem withoul riddinK Ihem of ihc 
tough and indikicslible skins, which really never should be ealen. 
Long cooking spoils both color and flavor, and not only for cranberry 

but for apple lauCc as well. 

Crape— to make old look nearly equal to new.— PlAce a liitle 
wHtrr in a icakettlc. and let it lx>il uniil ibcrc i-i plenty of sleam from 
ll>e jpirul: then, holding Ihe oapc in both bunds, pais ii lo aad fro 
several limes through ihc steam, and it will be clean and took nearly 
equdi lo new. 

Ciape'Black)— to remove water Stains from,— When a drop o( 
WHler falN on a black criipe veil or cilliii, it leaves a conspicuous 
white mark. To obliterate this, spread Ihe crape on a table (laying 
it on a targe book or paper to keep ii steady), and place undernealh 
the slain a piece of oti' black silk. With a larjcc camet's-hair brush, 
dipped In common Ink. go over the slain, and then wipe ofl the ink 
with a wiinll |iicrc *if old *ofl silk. |[ will dry immediately, and the 
white mark will be seen no tnore. 

Cream (Coldl — to make.— Onc-hsU ounce of white wax: one-half 
ounce of spermaceti, three ounces oil of almonds, one ounce of glyc. 
trine, two ounceo of rose water. Melt the first four Ingredicnu 



104 



SVffAT F.VEKY ONE SffOVlD KKOW. 



mrnlly loKcthcr. aoti ivhen ncarl^r cold, Mir in the roae watir and a 
lew ilrops I'f lilliir n( riiti«. 

Cmm Cheese from Buttermilk.— I'm ihe buttermilk in a. kmle 
(ivcr ihc lire und lieut vlowly uniil il curdlct. but do not let It i^ei 
warmer thtkn will lie pteauni to the linndH when placed In it, Re- 
move (toni ilic lire and \t\ \\ eel im the linrk of the stov« till the curd 
■epaiutcB Irum the wiiey. Ihen sliain Ihruugh a sieve or Iihk. Work 
the curd line with the hands, salt It a very little, and then put in 
<re»ni. mixing il thorough I jr. 

CreAm (Fruiti. — Tnkr unr-haK ounce of iiinittass dlMotvtd in a 
llltic natct. (hen (tut one pint of %f\i^ (Team, sweetened to the tasic; 
boil It. When nearly cold lay some apricot or rMpberry jam on the 
bottom of a HjlaM dlfu and pout it over. Thi* I* raott cxcelleni 

Crcatn (Italianl.^Melt thtee-citiarlcrs ounc« of Uinglan in hnlt 
pint of inrik: put a iitirk oX cinnamon and a small piece ol lemtin peel 
in it: into one pint of rich cream put some gn^nulAted sunar. the jalee 
o[ three oranges, and a kIom of brandy; whit>k them up well, and then 
strain the mnKl»°) In It when cold Hnd uhip itiriu all together; when 
it ^v\t thick, put inu mold; place on Ice in a very cool place. 

Cream (Lemon )■— Take a pint of thick cream and put in it the 
yolki of two CKE*. well beaten; four ouncen o( fine »U([ac, and the 
thin rind of a lemon; boil it up, then slir till olmoMcold; put ihejuicie 
of a lemon in a dish or bowl acd pour the cream upon It, dining lOI 
quite cold. 

Cream tRaspberryl.—Pul six ounces of raspberry jam to one quart 
of creiini, I'lil]! ii ihii'>U|th a lawn sieve, add lo it the juice of a lemon 
and a little BUK*r. and nhlsk it till thick. Serre it In a lUsh or 
glossci. 

Cream (Strawbcn;). — One pint fresh strawberries tpriolElcd with 
half ounce of while jiowilcred mitar. Let stand lor n time to draw 
out the juice, then paa* IhrtniKti a sieve with a wooden spoon; put 
half ounce i^atine inio a stew-pan, with hall a gill o4 cold water to 
■oak and swell; then put on the Are and stir until the selatlne is 
melted. Add two ounce* powdered lugor and Juice of one Icmona 
Put tliit mixture Ihrousb a strainer, and stir into the strawberries. 
Whip half a pint of crcAm to a slifT troth, and add also. Scald a plat 
ntoM with hot water and rime with cold. Pour the strawberry creatn 
liMo the mold, and place It on ice until required for use. 

Cream (Salmon). — Take out the contents of a pint can. and remove 
all bliK of skin and bone, drain oS the fluid, and mince the fish ftne. 
For a while sauce, boll a pint nf milk, thicken with two Iablct|iii'jn- 
fub ol corn starch, and add two tablespoonluls of butler, wjih suit 
and pepper to one's tikinK. Prepare one pint Anely powdered bread 
crumbs. Put a thin layer of crumbs in bottom of a pudding dish, 
Iben a Uycr of the minced lish, Ifaen a lay«r oJ the white sauce. Re- 
peat these Uyen for whole, eodiag wWi crufflbs. Then hake i;i ihc 
oven until the top irumba arc a baodsome brawn. This 1* a delicious 




W/rA T EVERY OSrS SffOULf) A'.VOW. 



xot 



ind nmirinliins iliih '"r brealEfui or im. and is icrvcd ut a fish course 
at dinners. 

Creun iTapiocat.— Ai nlnhi put iwo heaping tablenpoonful* «f 
tnpiuca i<> fiak, filial in the morning '\tnU\ nil ttic WHtcr. bnl ibe 
yolks of Iwo ttx^ with l<:ii( a cii|i •>( ^UK>ir, » Itllk nalmeK, and th« 
tapioca; sti> into a ((uait nf builiriK milk. Hnd bofl nboul ten minulcs, 
ttivk pour Inin n dish. B«ai the whites of the eggs to a (tnlh wiih u 
liillc Miicnr. rtiivor wiih tcmon or vaallla, spread smoothly over the 
crpum, jmil i"H ini.> iJic oven and brown. E«t coid. 

Crib-bitiDE—iemedy for. — Crilvliitinj; i8i>ftpn a habil. bill maybe 
caused by iliseue. IndiRFition nccasions a constani irritation and 
iiacastncsh. which mny impel the horse to take hold with the tcclh and 
Urrtch the neck as n menn* of relief. From Ihit ^rovrs the habit of 
<Til>-biiiQg and wimt-suckinK. vhJch ccams when ihr cauie is re- 
moved. Aa a rcmrdy, Kive ihp honw in bis teed, daily, for a few 
■reeks, one drain of copperas and half on ounce i^BrDunii ginger, and 
teed him upon cut feed, with crushed or gfround grain, and an ounce 
of uli in each feed. 

Cribbing — to prevsnt. — Cribbing it a vico which sprln^r* from 
habit more than any other cause, II begin* frequently from a desirv 
10 case the icelh from inconvenience or perhaps pain, ot that period 
when the dentition is perfecting, and then becomes fixed upon the 
hor»e OS a vice. It !■ not Injurtout cxrcpt when acc<>inpan!e<1 with 
wind-«uckinK, which \% a series ot deep iii«i>iriition« by which flatu- 
lence and bellyaclii? ntc rnuted. When ihe habit is fixed on a horse 
it is dIRicuIi In bleak ii. and Ihe only efleclivc method in to use a mui- 
lie which prc-vcnti. him from thus using his leeih. 

Crockery— 10 mend. — Take four pounds of white glue, one find a 
half priundH dry white lead, one-half pound isini;lHs*, one gallon «oft 
water, one quart alcohol. oneJiaU tnnl white vnrnish; dissolve the 
glue and iiini{1a» in the water by gcnlle hejl if preferred; Mir in 
the letul, pu! the iilcohol In the vamUh, an<l iniit the whole I<iKethcr. 

Cropi per Acre — to estimate. — Frame t'<Kether four iiuhl slicks. 
me;uu(lnK rxACtly a foot squate inside, and. o-ilh thii in one hand. 
walk into the field and select a ipoi of fair average yield, and lower 
the frame square over as many hendt a* it will Indnsc, ami iihclt out 
the heads ihus Inclosed ciucfully, iind wciKh the ttriiin It in fair (ii 
pTcsumr thai lite pCDportiim will be the 4j,s6oth pun of an acrc'it 
produce, T'< pti>ve ri, go through the field and make ten or twenty 
limitar calculations, and ntimate by the mean of the whole number 
of results. It will certainly enable n farmcf to irmkc a rliiiier calm* 
lation of what n field will produce than he ciin by gueMing, 

Croup — cute for. — The following ireiilmcnl is recommended ns a 
cure for croup: A» soon as the first symptoms are discovered, apply 
cold waler luddcnlr and freely to tlic neck and chest with a sponKe. 
then lay a cloth wet with cold w«ter, on Ihe (heel, nnd cUinely cover 
with cotton baiting (nothing elw will do a* »tH1). and the breath trill 
b< liistnntly iclicved. Civo ihc patient plenty o( cold water to driol^ 



itA 



WHAT EVE!t> O.VE SHOULD Ky0W. 



Mid cov«r it wans in bed. aad ii willilccf sirccUjr. There hnodu^ 
icr <A ukbK caU by ihc opcoiion. 

Crovp— trwbBMDt aad cm.— There mv Tuions TctnedUi rot this 
enemf in ihe aurs«rT. As la otbrr (ti*c*te«, pnnntloa !■ beiirr ihaa 
curv. Children liBblcto cToapsbmld not ptayoal of door«Alirr three 
o'ctotk In ihe afternoon. If a wookn tbaot is ci'iteljr ptnnol smund 
ibc nt(k <--( Ihc piiiieni when ihc ftr«t (nnptnini of croup B{ipcjt. the 
■ttadi iB>y be diminbhed in pnwer. The chlkl xtnigf llnic (orbrralli 
(■■twslly Ibrows its irau osl «( bed in bemthe throaith tti poee«.Mid 
ihiu l*k«« more cold and incraucs iu uo&ble, Bi-chromate oif po- 
tMu In ninuie doiea m. nwch ■• will rest on the point «1 a pcnkallc 
— «iv«i every half howt till TeHrf b obtained, in the bcM rcncdv w» 
have ever tried. Miutartl pbMen oo the ankle*, writiand ch«M will 
draw the blood tnjtn the thraal aad Rtievc it. <)i>tbi nirsaic from bol 
woMf and pUfed iboni the (hrcuu and cheH aad wiuped in iwinel. 

Slve relief. A teupoonlut of alum, pulvvrind huI muwd wkh twite 
» qttastltr o( *ii|t>r. u) auhc li palaiabte. wid 0ve altMiat laUMii 
btl|>. Anotlitt remedy ■* the foUovlnr Take equal pana of aoda 
or Mlmtua and syrvp or molaaMs: mis aad KiT« n iMapoonfiil for s 
cUtd two ivtrs old, larger doies for older chlldicn. im^ler for nure- 
lu bable*. Repeat Ihc dose* at short interval* ontil the plilei[ni U 
•ll tlmWTi up, anil upnn each recurrence of the xymploms: or, |^t« 
■ rawOBlon, Mrain ivut Ihc ]uicc, and to two paria ol the juice pal 
one p*rt of cmbIht oil; keep it well o>rkcd in a bottle, ihakc rcU. Rire 
one traapoonlnl onec in (wo or three boura; or, lake two pons tweet 
Utd and six parts pulvetiied sugar, mix Ihoroughly, and give a loa- 
cpaonful every Aficcn minute* until relief is obtained. Amoni; the 
many remedieV K'ven we h>kpc that one or iBore may be available lo 
erery muihcr whn needs aid In Ihn matter. 

Croup— remedies. — I . First, get a piece of chamois skin, make a 
little bib, cul out tne neck And sew on tapes lo tie it on; ihcn melt 
to||:elhrf MiBie tallow and pine tar; rub some of this in Ihe chan>uis 
and lei Ihe rhild wear it all Ihe lime. My baby had Ihe croup when- 
ever she look cold, and ^irl^^ I put on the chamois 1 have had BO 
more trouble. Renew with tar occasionally. 

3. Oneof the belt cures (or croup, and one which b always at hud, 
Is to dip ttrip* of Aanoel ta very hot water and ihcn bind ti|{hil)r ahoul 
the throat. Remove as soon as told, snd appl^ others. A coM in 
ihe cheM can also be cured by welling several thickncMcs of flannel 
In hot water and laying it npoa the chest. 

}. Croup (an be cured la one minute, and ihe rtm«dy is simplv 
alum and MiRar. The way to acootnplish the dead is lo take a kiiUe 
or itrator anii shave oil in smallpanklMaboiHa lesopoonfulof alom; 
then mix it with twice it* quantity of sugar, to mshe it palaialite, and 
administer It as qukk as poMlblc. Almost inslaniancous relief will 
follow. 

4. la croup or lung trouble, where there is difGcolty in breathing, 




WHAT BVERV ONE SHOULD KflOW. »oj 

■lak« time, &nd let Ihepatlcnl inh.ilc tlir «(carn. This has cured mcm- 
branou* croup and Kivcn k'<^*I iclici in lung tloublc. 

Croquettes (Chicken). — Have rcndy a <offcccu|i(ul of cold chicken, ' 
riilict ri>H,»i or boiled, »nd choppcil (» ihr m'rti compielc lineneM. 
Take A pic'i: half the »ite u( An ckj; »( the 1lr^l buller and lei ll heat 
lo liulibtinB p'linl over (hi? lire. Stir into ii n spoonful of milk and 
enough Hour lo make 11 ">[ ilic coosisicncj- I'f iltown-buitcr »aucv. 
Then when thoroughly ci>oked add a bcalcn ctix and l he chopped 
chirkcn «nil prpprr and ult lo u«ie, Sprcnd It mil on it plalier lo 
'the (hickncsd of II little li** ih»n nn ineh, I.ct il Ket cold. Then 
when w«nied. foim ihc aiiniicllr* wiih Ihe hands, dip ihcm in 
cracker crumbs, end frr in hoi lard. A wire baskcl which c*n Y" 
iliplied into the lard is good to fry craqueltei In, Thin reei|w can 1 
used (or any kind r( cold meal or poultry, al»o for lotntcr. The' 
Rilxlure must be moisi. The <|uanti(ie» Kiven above will make 
cnaugh croqueiteB for u inoderaEc aiied familf. 

CnimpeU.— One cup ol sweet milk, one cup of bullennilk, one 
egg. half a icaspnonfui ot snila. a pinch of tall; lUvor und tiiKar to 
lB«le. Make the bailor n ^aiA deal thicker Ihun for pancakes; bake 
en a gnddlc. The crumpels will keep for a week, and improve In 
keeping, 

Cnratatiied Chimney OrnMnents.— Select a crooked Iwig of 
while «r black thiini: urjp hi'ine biose wool or cotton around the 
branches, and tie it on with wornlcd. Suspend this in a basin of 
deep jar. DUsolve two pounds of altim in n quart «( bollinic water, 
and pour il over the twig. Allow it lo stand IweWe hour*, Wiro 
baskets may be covered in ihe same way. 

Cucumber Vine*— to make bear fine crops.— When a cututnber Is 
laken U<>tn Ihc vine lei il be cut with Q knife, leaving about the 
eighth of iin inch of (he cucumber on thesiem, then t>lit theMrm wilh 
a knife from us end lo Ihe vine Icavinj; & small portion of the cucum- 
ber on each division, and on each separate slip there wilt be a Dew 
cucumber as large as the fimt. 

Curculio in Fruit Trees— remedy (or.-^awdusi osturated in coal 
oil, and placed at the r"ols ot ihe tree, will be u »iire preventive; or, 
clear a elrcle around ihe tree from all rubbish; fill up all little holes 
and amooth off the ground for ii distance of ai leosi three feet ench 
way Irom the iiee. then place chips or small piece* of wood on the 

5 round within Ihc circle; the curculiii will lake refuge tn large num- 
en below the chi|>«, and you caa paM around in the rnomlngi and 
kill them off. 

Currant Wormt— to dertnnr.— The !n*i two seasons my currant 
bu>he« were enlifcly eliippcd of tcavok by Ihc worms, leaving nothing 
but (he bore Iruit. and that of poor quatitv. This year 1 pul about 
one pound of coamel)' firound quasMa wooci Into ten or fifteen galUin* 
of water, and after Kiirring In Inn or three timet, applied !( nit't a 
wMcring-apout, by ^pfiiiUing the bu^c» every aiominK lot scvaral 




toe 



U'/fAT EVKRY O.VE SJIOVLD KSOW. 



dnrt. Tbe result ii a plmtifnl crop of leave*, and fniil of an eiwtlml 
quality. Water may be attdcil ns If.iiR m bItlrriieM rcmains. 

Curnuiti And Goosebeiries— to icRur* a good crop.— Pnl one 
pint of enll iind one pini »\\ soli soap <il uuKhi to be fanner'* !>r>*p) la 
len Hallimnol malcr, mul u*e il on curranlt and Kii(».r!iftnci. HI 
wjirtani ihcin u full crop. Pul nleniyof nshe* — cvulor wood — arouod 
the root* lo increase the iiie of Ihc berries, 

Curry Powder— to mak«.— <Thu) is the genuine East tnillB lecino); 
Take the fennel teed, cummin seed, and niriaridcr Med Mcti /nir 
ooACc*. with two ounrei <if rarawav seed, dry Ihem beforv tbe (ire, 
Ihcfi Krind and lift Ihem. ndd lo ihJt two ounce* \A Krciund lunoerie 
■nd tne fjme of ([round black pepper, one ounce of (-round RlnRcr. 
and half an ouoee of Cayenne pepper. Mix well and keep drj- and 
well (toppeil. 

Curtains— for bedrooma, «tc. — A rery *tvllth and KiHcefiil design 
tor*illlttK Totiin or bedroom curtains fceently oriiiinnied in ihe NewL 
York Hrl room*, and full direciionn are (jivtn here (or makind a palr,]f 
Tbe luriains arv inen pensive, ihr full rcM (i>r twu deep window* l>c-' 
{dK eljinil %y.i». The malerials retiuircd are two yardl o( cretonne, 
len »r iwctvc yatdi »f cheese cloth, and sufficient lace (or litiishing 
the f>i>iii ciIecs of the curtain and making nn (nKcriiun airiis the lop 
ol euh. He careful in purchasing the cheese clolh In k^i a piece 
which is evenly woven, and oithoul l>!^k thread*. Scrim may be 
u»cd instead tA cheese tloih. if j.refefrcd. Ijoi It is more eipeiuive. 
In bii/ing Ihe cretonne Kel two puiiems whidi hftrinoniic. biiyinxone 
vardofrach- Cut each yard in lourpiccei, leoicihwiac. K;kch curtain 
Kat two |jiecr:> ai Ihe lop. with an inaertloa <rf race In betwevn. One 
curtain only will l>c ■lr<^crlt>ed. Of eacb pattern of cretonne take one 
piece, stitch the lace in'eitimi tietweea tbcni. Rim down Ihe rdKC'^ 
about an inch — of the on* intended for tlie lop of the curlain. und 
sliKb Ihc thcesc cloth on the olher piece with a puddinK-tiaK !>caRi. 
Make a hrta twelve inches deep on the tioiiom of the curtain. The 
lace (or the cutlmn should he alxiut four Inches wide. I.ny Ihe Uc« 
flat on the ri^ht side of the cudain, an inch from the edge, with tbe 
»ltai«ht edge of the lace toward the MlciiKe. and Ihe polmed edge 
turainit backward. Stitch it on. fold down the licm on ihc wrong 
ride, and catch It (ail with iong stitches. Cut a V-tihaped piece out 
of the lace Hi the lower cornel of the curtain, scani the lace tosethcr. 
and sew it act'>»» the hoitom ol Ihc curlain, 

Curtaiiu iLacch-to laundry.— Ukc curtains should never be 
itoneil— not even the cmbroiderrd musJin ones. Have two narrow, 
sloDiIcr hoards, as long or loneer than your curtain*. Tuck strips ol 
cloth or wide tape Ihe enilic length of these. Pbtce ihem out door* 
Bpon chairs, aft you would ttiiilting frames, and carefully pin the «el 
cunain belween — strclchinK 'i until il is entirely smooth. Every 
poJBt, ever]' scallop should be pulled in shajw and fosteiicrl down. 
It lakM bttt little time for ii lo drj-, and then its place should be filled 
with anotber. Hotuefccepcrs oficit stretch b sJicet on the carpet of 



WHAT St^H/iy OXE SHOULD KNOW. 



109 



tome unuHd room, and then pin Ihe curtain (n the Door, but tbc abore 
Olethod In greatly preferable. 
CtirlAlna (Silk Rk|;V— to ni*k«.— Cut ihe silk into strips about hall 

an ineh wide [Ji liUl* nvttv or Icsk ni^ikca no liiffeiencc). cither iiraight 
or on the bias. Stw Ihc pi^:■.■l■^ luKtlhct yuunntv, .md toll inio ball», | 
keeping each color and shade l>y ilsall. I'lite* ol narrow ritibunii, 
fM tfav«w oncl saches, old waists of d r c jii w In Inn. every scrap r>t 
«llk cnn be made uie of whether sailed or (resh. Adtr tnAliintc a 
number ti( IihIIh *enil th«in lu a lag-cafpct weaver, who will weave 
them (or atKiut twenty-five ccnu a yard. It will take one and one- 
h«U pounds of silk lu makr uyatdof mat«li(il IhirC'tiunrtrrtof a yard 
wide, which is the widih of nearly all looms. If Ihe tivlli of silk are 
Ifiven ti> the weaver with directions how 10 place the color*, und tbs 
width the slripci' art <lc*ired, the Mufl when finished will have a very 
handsome eflcct. and it very lieav)', It io iiiiitiiblc (ot portieres, cur- 
tains, ruai, 01 t.ililcrl'.ihi. 

Curtain* (Window i— cheap and ban daome.— Really charming^ 
beilroom ciirulns c<in ht- niaile of unbleached inuslin sheeting with a 
simple lieiii ujirin ihc cilijr. All the trimming required is a strip o( 
briiihi thintr 'ir treitinnc. a foot in width, slilelieil huriiontally actOM 
the top about two feel from Ihc cornice. Tlic liKht falling througb 
the unbleached muslin gives the fine ecru tone so muth in vogue at 
ihe pre*ent. and it Is Impossible to detect the nature of the fabric 
irlthoul close examination, The effect is precUclv chat of the dne 
twilled India material 4omuch admired when combined with »lrlpso( 
oriental embtoidrry. Really beautiful curtains for a parlor can be 
mode of canton flannel la the wmc way, and the rllect produced is 
Ihji of a nch cream-ci>1i>rcd plush or vclvel. It is impossible to 
jud|{e of the bdutv uf lhe*e cheap and novel hangings without hav- 
inK leen thcin. 

Ciutaril (Apple) — to makcr-Six tart applet, half lescupful of 
water, four spoonfuls of suaar. three pints of milk, eight tigfn. Pate 
>nd core ihc apples, cook inem in Ihc water Itll tender. bul cto noi let 
ihcm birak. put them in the pudding dish ami sprinkle sugar over 
them: then make a cusiHrd of the milk. ^uRur and wcll-bcaten cKirt: 
flavor to imte: pour this uvcr the apples, and bakn in a moJeiala 
oven abi.'Ul hiilf an hour. 

Custard tBoiledJ. — Heal one quart of milk to near boiling, odd 
two tablespoon full of cnrn starch previously dissolved In a little cold 
milk: add two well be-,(ien eggs, four tsbletpoonfulb of white sugar; 
let ft '"'il uponiT. tli trill ic all Ihe time; flavor to suit. 

Custard tChocoIate Cream).— Scrape uuorter of a pound of the 
belt chocolate, pour on it a tcacupful of boiling water, and let ll 
stand by the lire until it Is oil dissolved. Beat eight egifs lixhl, 
omitting the white* of two; >tir them, by de(T*M. into a ijuart of rich 
milk altcmalely with Ihe chocolate and three libtespounfuls of wbita 
BUKar. Put the mixture into cups and bake ten mmutei. 

Cuatard lOraaKc),— The juice of six orangu scraiDcd and sweet 



no tVHAr Ef'EJlV O.VE SHOULD KSOW. 

med with lool ngar: *ilr over a slow fire till Uw aui^u' is distolved, 
uIhi oR ihc Kura; when ncoirljr <oM odd tbe yolki of six cKgi. well 
b**lm. iin<l A t'int of crckin or milk. Keiucn to the lire and iiir illl 
)l tUckciis, iH'itr inio K'aMM and »arv<- wticn ci>Id. 

Ciiat«(d iRice).— ^n« quinot milk, three cm:*, well be*len. foul 
tabkspannfu's of *unr, one (ablcipoonful of butler, one cuji of boiled^ 
rice, a [lule nalt, holt the srslcd rind of a lemon. Boil (he rice, drvn, \ 
and ttlr while hoi Into the milk. Beat the cgn n-etl. rub the baiter 
and intwr l» * cream irith lemon prel and a link *ali. and xir lnt« 
tlw wHrm milk. Mix well nndlinke in a buttered rliHhiaHliri»k oven. 
Eal varm or cold. We like it better varm, with a little cream poured 
0*er ll wbcD »cfve<[ in lauccn. 

Cuitwd— without inillt.— Add t') one pint of «atcr two hcaplnal 
•poonfuli ol llout. boil irell. and wheo cold, add one eint. picec ol' 
Injiiet listf the »ijc of nil rfn. one cup uf aufcar, wilt to l*»te, and 
Aavor nilh I«mon nr vanilla. 

Cultior the Heir.— Culling the hair doc* not. at BtneraUr though 
pxomoic Iti, KKiwih. -Mod of thopetifici rccommcndod lor ball 
(MM, (lot extepilnK pciiuleun), are mere Mimulanu, and are iddon 
or naver petmaiiaiienily tucccMful. Some of lh«m icive rise to < 

Kton of llie irjitp. when a stimulant it deiirable ammonia ii Ihtl 
. It i> Mife. 

CkI«— how to treat.— There U nothing belter for a cut than pow 
dercd rcaln. Get a lew centa' worth, pound li until li la quite fine, 
pM ll In a caat^flfl *^f* l)'>x. with perforated (ugj, then you ran «a*ll]l 
■lit ll nn Ihc cut. Pill a M)ft doth around the injured member, and 
(rit It wilb wain viice in awhile. Ii will prevent iuflammution or 
WteneM. 

CnttiBB*— for mailing. — Let me tell the floral rcAilcrt how I doj 
Dp mltlng* for miillnK. Cut at [he leaf joint: lr>n> ofl Ihe Ur|;el<av 

Kt a Utile damp mom or cotton around Ihrm. jiack in a tin Kpic 
R, beliiK careful to vrap and tic it (wmrely. My cutting have pin 
frmii MatsarhusrltN lo California nil right. 

Dandruff— wajra to remore.— i , To remove dandruff take a Ihlmble-j 
lul of powdcrcil [cAncd borax (can be had at any drugs'*'*). I« Itdia-n 
•olva Ifl a trarupfut of water; lirat bruah the head well, then u-et a 
braah and apply it to the mlitlurc. and then to the head. Do this 
evny day (iir ii wack, and twice u H'f«k after far two or three times, 
anil you will effeclunlly rtmuvc the dandruff, 

a. The annofante from dandruff can be prevented by dampenln 
the tcalp three or four timn a week iriih Hulphur water, made b 
pullinff a hall ounce of dour oj aulphur into a pint of water, aliaktn 
occaticmully fi^r a frw ilHyt; then puur off into a clean bottle. 

DeaincM— treatment of.— TalM three dron* of a sheep'* gall, 
warm, and drop ii ini't tlie rar before gjoing (obed. Theear miulba 
■jrrtnfcd with warm waier in Ibe morning. The gall must be apphed 
(or ihre« aucccuive nights. It la only effl<'«cious when the deaJaca* 
la prxlured b>' catd. Tlir most conveoienl way of wanning iho gall 




WHAT JSyKKV OKP. SMOUI.P KNOW. ill 

is byboldinit It in B silrei spoon uver the faxae of a light. The above 
rc(ncd)r han been (requcntlV Iiicd with perr«<t ncccss. 

Dca&Ka^— to feBere,— Put a tablcspoonfut o( hay-ull into nearly 
X half plot of cold iprfnit waiei; anil afirr it hax tteepril Ihvtoin for 
Iwi'nijr-foiir h»ur». now anil llien ftliakinic (lie pliiiil. puiir a small 
le^uiioontul in the ear most eSectcd. ni|[l)I]]r. when in bi-d. foricvcn 
or eiitht luccoBive nights. 

>. DEficst two ounces of bruised garUc In one pound of oil of ftl^^ 
mind* (or a week, snd strain. A drop pauied into the ear is oflect*| 
Ivr in l'-mi-ii;iiy il<-ii(nes«. 

Decant* rs-~to clean. —Roll tip in small piece* some soft bmwn or 
bloiting paper 1 wet them, and soap ihem well. Pul ihem into the 
jecantcn about onc-quattcr full of watnn water; shale Ihem well (or 
■ few minutes, then rinse with clear cold water; wipe the ouuido 
with n nice diy ctoth. put the decanter* (o drain, and when try they ' 
will beulmostusbrichlusnewones. Thisislhelwsland snfest mode 
«( tleanini; decacitCRi. Some persons, however, use a little bncrsand, 
and others cgs-*hclls crushed into snull pieces, which arc shaken 
about In the kIom with cold water; a beautual polish may be given 
by thi* mc*n». 

Decanter Stoppers— to r«inove. — Stoppers of kI.ihs drcanlets frc. 
quenlly. from :i variciy of cuuki, becumo BO lined that they cannot 
be removed wiihoui dsnger. WhcDcver IhU U the case, place a little 
sweet oil with u feather arotind the (topper and the neck of the ilr- 
caiii>-r. Hnd set it near the Arc. VThcn toleraibly wurni i^p the stop* 

Gr Kcntly on all sides with a lighi piece of wood, and it will soon 
come loose; or the neck of the decanter may lie rubhed sharply 
with a piece of list : the friction will expand the gloss of the decanter 
and in this way set the stopper free, lireat care must be taken that 
the slipper Is ii'il broken . 

Decofatinj;— a lesson in. — (.'lionse a plain, smooth, red-clay ll«wcr>- 
pol. If it is tuiticr stupid -looking. i>ll the belter. With your box ot 
water-color paints. Lay broad bands of dull blue oround top and bot- 
torn. If you prefer, yuu can paint the intervening strip block, in. 
stead of Icavinf* It tcit. and the baodi may be divided by n narrow J 
tiao of yellow. Now yuu are ready for the picnirea. I( you possen • 
some sbeeis of Utile scrap-chromos. yiu will soon be rid of your 
(ask. Select some very odd. i[role»que ones thai will surprise each 
other as much as possible — a huge butterfly, liny Madonna, repiiici, 
sprays, lebraa, and ihe like. Paste ibem on in the most disorderly 
order you can imagine, and your work is complete. Another method 
is to cut (rum picture pupcn a uu^ntily of small desifcns. being care- 
ful to trim Ihem very neatly. Paint Iheae all black. andUyon aduU 
red or blue ground. Whichever plan you choose, be careful and not 
decorate loo pri^fusely. as thui would be quite unlike Ihe Japanese, 
while It ixiul'j hliM tiio'i kirlkingly of a mcrty. mischievotis tittle 
sill. 

Deer Skina — to tan for glovea. — For each skin take a bucket ol 



Hi 



^ItAT et^EXY OkE SltOULl> KXCW. 



water Rnd pui ii Inio one quart of lime: let the *liin or akiiu lie in 
frum Ihcee lo four (]«y), Ihcn rinse in clcHn water, h»i and pain; 
then souk ihein in cold water to c^t "ui the glue ; now scour or poaod 
in good soap-sudi for half an hum: aSxtt wbicli lake white vitriol, 
alum And mIc. one lableipoontul of each to a aklo: these will tie dis- 
solved In suflicicnt water to cover the skin, and remain in !l fof 
lireniy-four hours: wtinjt out as dry is cunvenieni. und s\\naA on 
with B brush one-hjLlf pint of eurriers* oil. nnd hiini; it in the suo 
about two day i; after which fou will scour out Ihe oil nith soap-suds, 
DUd haog out again until peiiectly drv; then pull and work them antll 
they are safi; and If a reasonable time doc» ni>i niske thero soft, 
scour out in suds ajjaln as before, until rompleie. The oil may tw 
saved by pouring or lakinu it (torn Ihc lop of the tuil«, if led fetund* 
fng a shon time. The bufl color is Kiven b^ spreading yellow ochre 
evenly over the surface of Ihe sliin when luimhed, rubhins ll well with 
a brush. 

DcntUHc« (Chsrco*!.)— Ingredients: Powdered cbsreoBl, tour 
ounces: (iow<teir<: }'rlli<w tiark. two ounces; powdered niyrrh. on* 
ounce: orris ruot, half un ounce. Mix, and flavor with vrintcricreen. 
.Dentists' Nerve Putc. — l. Anwoic, one part: rose pink, two 
part*. To dejiroy Ihc nen-e, apply this preparation on a pledget of 
tixt'in. previously moistened wfth creosote, lo the cavil v of thcloolh, 
let it remain four hours, ihen wash out tho(oui{hly with wsier. 

3. Ar^ienous scid. thitly grains; ucotsie of niurphia, twenty graim; 
creosote, qtiantity suificient for cwsic. Mix. 

Dentists' Emery Wheels.^ Em erj", four pounds; shellac, one-half 
pound; meli llie vlicllac over a slow hrc; stir in the emery, and pour 
into a m'luld <>1 plutlcr of Pari^. When cold it i« ready (or use. 

Dedoriser. — A fen- pounds of copperas in a bucket of^ water, poured 
Into sinks or other oQensive places, will neutralise unpleasant oduts, 
anil detlToy unwholesome cxDalaiions. 

9, Coffee pounded In a monat and rosted on an iron plaie, Mtgat 
burned on hot coals, and vinegot boiled wiih myrrh and sprinkled on 
the Ruor and furniture of a slck-roum sre escellent dcodorilers. 

Depilatories— to take off aup«r4uoua hair. — i. Lime, twelve 
ounm; natch, ten ouncci; orplment, one ounce. Mix them to- 
geilirr. 

J, Sulphuict Df antcnic, one ounce: quick-lime, Ivni ounces. This 
application being virulent poiion. must be used but seldom, 

3. Otpicnent, one ounce: quickltme, nine ounces. Mix with a tittle 
soap lees and powdered starch. 

4. fijuickllme, two ounces; salt of tartar, four ounces; charcoal, a 
quarter of an ounce. 

J. Quicklime, eight ounces; dr^' pearlosh, one ounce; tiulphuret of 
poUMinm, one ounce. It must not be applied mote than two 01 thtee 
mlnialcs. 

Dessert iSimpk').— Put eight crackers In a deep dish, pour enough 
watu) waiar vf uiilk «Ter them to just cover tlicm, and when soaked 



WHA r Et'F.RV OXE SHOULD KSOW. ilj 

«rbi<b will nni uk« longer llun ten minut«». *prinklc wiih mgar, 
cover wilh crrjinfi. gAtnith with prcicrred pcachct. pears r>r quinces, 
nnd serve. Try il. 

Ocaaert (Niwel). — Here is a novel and pleasinK way \<y prepare a 
iIcHwd. It It eipecially aduptcil («r ihe cnildrcn s birthday ilmaeni 
tn ihotxr >iH[>iiy houschoUls nlicrc tuch days arc kept n* jayoua (e*li- 
vals. Make » •mill ho!c Iti the end or side o( » nuniticr of eKK RhelU. 
Through ihij ptiur oui the ckk Fill the empty Hhelli with hut pud- 
dinji; mode of cum slarch. arrowtuot, or Irish mosi. When cold 
break ofl the shelb; terve on small aaucera. and surround the egg- 
shaped puddinj; with jelly or jam. If you vUh to lake no much 
ITonble, divide llie puddluK '" ^'"^ pan*, and add in one a tablevpoon- 
ful of graied cboooUte, and In llila way coloi purt uf the eKK^- Susai 
«nd creant, flavored with vanilla, is a very nice sauce with this kind 
ot puddliif . 

Diamoilds — to test. — The diunond may lie rlititinstiiihcd from 
every other slonr by its peculiar virtue <vf single lefraciiun. Every 
other precious stone (wiih the exception of ihc garnet, from which ll 
can othrfwiHc be rcadUy distinguished) pouessu ihc iiiinlicy of 
double retraclion; a double Image of a taper or Kmiill ll(,'hibeinit given 
oS when il is viewed tbrouKb their fareis. This retulis from their in 
lerlor refracting, and conttequcnity reflecting poncr. It can alsu be 
leftcil by it* lupcriof hardness. Futther. if any other of Ihc precious 
or arli&cial atones arc lounerscd in oJcohol, or even water, they lone 
Ihcir tuilre, nh'Ch the diamond does not. A vimple nnil rendy wav 
of distinguishing precious from HritftciHl stones is to touch them with 
the tongue — the stone being tlie hcsl conductor of heat will feel cold 
— (he glaM much IcM so. Sir David Brewster Invented an inslru- 
mcnl to disliajniish real iiemt, called a lllhlscope. The uruuI mode 
of esiimating ils value is by iu wviichl in carats (about four grains). 
If ll is a diamond of the first waier, free from flaws, and properly cut, 
Iu value is as the square of its weight In carats, multiplied by S; 1. c,, 
a diamond of one carat U worth (40; of two carats. $160; of len 
car&u. ^.000, und so on. Beyond a ceri^n weight fancy prices step 
in and humun credibility requires n long biealh. Uncut diamond* 
vary from f to to $»? per carat. 

Diamonds—to poUlfa.— The plan In use at nil the large diamond 
Cultri~ I' stniiily w cast iron dl»c of good metal, wilh a verticic spin- 
dle run iIitoukIi its centre. balAnced, and turned, and faced true In a 
lathe. The diic (evolves at about one thousand revolutions per 
minute. With a little diamond dust and oil. the Mone Is set in » small 
brass cup filled with common soft solder; it is then screwed up in the 
dampii and applied to llio skive lill the faceLi is formed. 

Dlarrhtta— remedies far.— 1. A most valuable remedy for diar. 
rhtra is burnt thubnib, given in port wine, milk, or water; from five 
ic ten gtnini i* lutfiiienl for a dose. The manner of preparing il It 
\tt burn the ihubarb powder tn an Iron crucible, stirring U till tt Is 



114 



WUAT EyEKV O.VF. SHOVll> KNOW. 



blaclMned: ibcn covcrioK it closely' in a jar: tbcilrui; losts iwo-UiInti 
of lu neluhl by Incinnnitlaa, and u nearly liisic[«a>. 

9. A *inc|[lM)>ful of ctmnR mini l». vith half a leatpofxiful ol 
cubuoHe Qi KOda in il. T« br token ihtce or font ilmm a day. 

J. An «iicclIeot remedy may he (rxtcmi>r>ri»<-<l in (olidutu: Ilulf n 
tcnapoonful of nrepofcd rhalk. ten drons «( laudanum, a drop of oil 
of ucpperinlnt. m hnlf a winc|{ia»ful ol mUl wxcr. 

DlkrrhtBA — cure for. — il is >»lil the f^iuoll plant commonly knotrn 
hy Ihc name tuptumiorl, made into lea. and drank fm|ufnily, it a 
sure cure for djnnhtca. Ruptureworl KCttm in nearly every open 
lot, and alon^ (he routs. It ii a small planl. (hrowing oai a number 
of shoots In a horliontal diieciion, and lying clnuc i« thr jfround, 
■omethlnK »imi1ar to Ihc rnanoer of the puRkynced, tinil beara « 
small, dark icrcea leaf, with an obloRK. ptirplt »t>ot in (be cctilre. 
When ihc item Is broken, a white milky substance will oote from Um 
Kound. It J> very palat^btc, and infants lake ii as readily a* any 
drink. Thk I* an old Indian cure, and may b? relied on. The bo> 
tanicnl n:iriir of Ihi'' plmit i^ Ettphrt^ia Mti'tilali. 

Oiarrh<za — remedy. — Th? ingredients »re- !>iilphaie i>f morplifa, 
one Kmini ^latibcr Kalis, (juailcr of an iiunct; water, two ounce*. 
/>//. A tcaapooriful twice a dav. If attended viih much pain and 
loosenes*. odmlnitlcr lhl» medicine every two hour*. 

Diet Durior Diarrhcw. — Tra without milk, and very little suoar; 
■iDtlon and cSicken broths, or beef tea. thickened with a little floDr 
or arrowroot: boiled rice, tapioca, mso; rice water or looM water to 
drink. I( the attack Is xcvete, of of long continuanre, (he patient 
must be kept in lied. The (ret must be kept wHrni. and the coverittg 
to stiit the feeling* ol (he patient. 

Chlodde of lime, or Piatt's chlorides, or raw c^rboUc add inost ba 
placed in all chamber receptacles, and everything which pagsea from 
the pnlicrit rrmoved ns toon tu; poiulble. 

Diuretics— pi Its, drops, decocUeiu,etc— Solidified copaiba, two 
pans: alioholic ritiu-:t ol cubeba, odo pan; formed intn pilli with a 
little oil of juniper. Ooac. one or (wo pdlh (hrce or (our times diiily. 
Thli pill h«* bccD loDod very valuable In aSecilonB of the kidnev*. 
bladder, and urethra, as InAammation itoxa Ktavel, Konorrhuea. sleet, 
whites. liicorrliucH. common inlluinmution. etc. 

Diuretic Drops. — Oil of cubebs. one quarter ounce; «wee( spirits 
o( nitre, one-half ounce: balsam of copaiba, one ounce: Hac. 
Icm oil, one bottle; oil ol larcnder, twenty drops: spirits tA turpen- 
tine, twenty drops; mix. Dn«c, tea to iwcnty-lii'c drops, at the 
stomach will bear, three timctt daily, It may be used In nny of tho 
above diseases with K'VI satisfaction. 

Dtltretic Tiaetitre,— Greco or growing tpcarmint mushed, pot Into 
a bottle, and covered with gin. It an excellent diuretic. 

Ditlt«ttG for Children. — Spirits of nitre — a few drops in a tltlla 
•peumint tea — is all sufficient. I or verr young children, puinpk^ 
M«d, Of WBLcraiclon seed tea is perhaps ine best. 



tV//^ T EVERY OXE SHOULD KS'OiV. 



"i 



Drink f»r CoaiuniDtivc Patient*.— Ingroclients: One teacup of 
barlry n.itcr, 'pnc-hall loHCUii "f new niilk, tivc giRint of niir«. sugar 
candy. I.ft Iht barley waift be ihick. anil well boiled, before (he 
other ingrfdienu nre added. The drink should be taken jusi wnrm. 
Ihr tiriil lliiiiK in (he morning ami the la*l at nlghl. It the pMlienC be 
subjcrt lu iiiKht t>cr*pirAlion, the iiwl dote should be taken a( an 
earlier hour, or Ihe nitre otnitied. This drink, if uencvcred wilb, 
will be found lo afford fireai relief; il i» »o simple thnt It will not In- 
lerfrrc wiih anf medical treatment. 

Diphtheria— CTin (or.— We pubHih the annexed recipe frnm a 
pliytiiiun. u'ho says Ihat of one Ihnu4and casM in which it has been 
u»cil not a single patient has been loa(. The treatment consists in 
complcicly swabbing the b.ick of the mouth of ihe ihroal tviih a uosh 
made thus; Table wilt, two drjims. black pcpjwr. Bilden »c»l. nilc«te 
of potash, and utum. one drum rach. Mix and pulverize, put into a 
teacup, which half Gil u-ilh boiling water, stir ncll. and then lill up 
with good vinegar. Use every half hour, one. two. and four hours, 
at recovery progretacs. The patient may swnltow n little each lime. 
Apply one ounce each of spirits of turpentine, bwcet oil. and aqua 
nmmoniii. evecy four hours, to Ihe whole of tlie throat and lo ihc 
bfcoslboiie, keeping Hannel to the part. 

Diphtheria — cure for. — The foUowinu recipe ii given by an old 
(gentleman of Charlotlrtville.Va.. who t>ut<4 that he hii» often knunn 
it lo be used In cases of diphlhcHa, and has never known it to fail in 
eReciing a cure: Take n handful of alder root, a handful of dogwood 
root, a handful of the bark of persimmon tool, boil with a pini of 
vintcar down to a half pint: then odd a very little water, u small tump 
of aluin, and a little honey. Lei the patient use it frequently as a 
gargle. 

Diphtheria— trcalmcDts oL — Diphtheria is ncarcely more than ■ 
modllicMiion of •cartel fcvei. The patient lirst rompl.ilniof loxMludc, 
headache. I<i« ul appetite; I* chilly, with Iltithes of fever, active and 
quick pulse, a light furred loneitie; redness of the back of the mouth. 
enUrncment of ihe gland* of ibe neck, a hoi. drj-, pungent skin -. and 
in the second siage an exudation upon the mucous tiirlai c of ilic up(>er 
air-p«ssagc*. Tnit' niion becomes organl red into a lough, white or 
gray membrane, coverinjc the sofl (lalitle and lonMls. Tbene >i>me- 
limes deiteneraie into ulcers. The bee u thing at this stage betomci 
hurried and difficult; pultc quick, and frequently the asphyxia ensuing 
ends in death. It genetHlly icitins as an epidemic, and itregxdedby 
some a* contagious. 

The very first tare should be the thnml. Ctit pieces of salt fat pork, 
and I'lTCr the ihtuni on each side, to exclude the air and sweai the 
neck: make a lotion of one icaspoonful of carbolic acid, two lea- 
apoonfuls glycerine, two leaspuonfuli; tall, hnlf pint hot water; 
^rgle the Ihroal every half boor; sulphur, dcscrtspoonfu) to half tea- 
cup of water: mix with the finger lo be used as a gargle, ultemale 
with the carbolic acid lotion; swab the throat every hour, or often 



#1A 



WHAT EVEftY ONP. SHOVLR KNOW. 



•nmgh in dlvtodgc Ibc deposits, with equal pan* of uilpfcur and uo- 

nk aod in Axf poMtlei niiml. Krvtr use the tuunf «wab twice; bttrn 

il uid uw a [rcoh one. Do luit ic( ihc patient £b ncai an open door 

fit window. (IT 11« In a diall. 

A puW nutde by tUning tojtMbcr ibr yolk of an egg and tHble salt 

U « mosl cxctllcni appiUatiOfi (or Ibc throat externally in nil cabu <it 

inffitmmukin. 

Give quinine cvttt four houn to keep ap ibe •lmif;ih, or. If tnucb 

fever, every ihtce hotir*. Give plenty of ventilation, and tci tbe 

potietil patUltc freely ot (nilts. both r*w and cooked, new milk and 

cmni. 
Gnihun ointh, oaisical gniel. crackera. and aoup* ofhecf. chicken, 

•quiirel. etc. H the patches utccraie tu« umac and wild Indlgn ftta 

^uriile. 

Diphtheria Cure.— I>r. Cbenery. of Boaion, hu lately diacovereif 
thai bypoaulphite of sMia is the »pecilic remedy ogBintt diphtheria, 
thatw>invcb dreaded aitmcni. wWh of Inic yr^io h.-ii cafrirdolt 
niany valuable lives. He report* a very Urnc number of cMca 
cared by the use ol this remedy. The duitc of the hypotulphiie is 
Irom five lo llftecn grains or more in syrup, every iwr> to four hours, 
according to aiie and clrcumiunces. It con do no harm, bot if too 
much i> i;ivcii it vill purKv; a* much a* ihc patient can bear ■ iibo«l 
purging is H good rule in the set ercr caw*. The aolntion o: niixiure 
can l>c <i*cd in doses of five dtopn to hall a dram in milk. The 
omounl [<» thorouKti sllmulallon is greater than can be ukcn In 
water. Ttic doctor utnially R!ve« It In such dotea as cut be cuily 
taken In miik, uting milk besides as a food for tmall cUldien. One 
(act. however, need* to he home in mind, namclj-. the hypoialphJCc 

Srevcnts the digestion of milk, and it should bcffiven in less than an 
our afier tAking the mcdiciae. They inay be uicd ttlteraaiely. bow* 
ever, without Interference. !n sufliciently frequent dose*. 

DJphtheriA Remedy.— The antiseptic trcniment of diphtheria bf 
tiirpcr.Iint hos rcrcnity been inlroJufrd iii r>emiaiiy by Basse, of 
Uomnjin. It is given in the same maimer as in rases of phrj- 
pbonia poisooiflg. that is to say, as pure turpentine, highly rectilicd, 
In dcMS o( a ttoup-«pootiful twice a day to adults, a deaMit-apoonful 
lo children of more thJin five years ol »(te. and a leaapoooful to younit 
Infants. Milk and wine arc given abundantly at Ihc aame time. The 
admin ■•miration <■( ii causes h mentation of burning Iti the itomach, 
cutgutric pressure, lomiiirn and the pawagc o( Wool* atroogly Im- 
pminated with turpeniiiie odor. The uie i)( turpentine wa* suggested 
try the experiment* of Koch, which showed that it had an ortiuii on 
■be problematic bacUllof diphtheria. Rul the trcatmcni Itself ismtich 
more ihan problcmaik. 

DipiitlMri*— remedy and trc*tment,— The ircaimeni conslM* m 
tbormighly »wabbiii(: the back of the month and throat with a wash 
nuda aus Table salt, two drama: black pepper, golden seal, nitrate o\ 
pitaih. •Ism, eoc di*in i:*^: ■^'^ '^^ pulvcilie; put into a teacup 



\ 



U-f/.-l T Ef-F./fV OXF. S/mrtJ} K-XOW. 



1(7 

h&If fnll of waier; stir it«tl. nnil then fill up with eootl vinegar. Use i 
every hkll hour. one. (wo. nnd (out h»ur3. as ircuvi^ry pr(iii;rtsMf,.( 
The patient maj swallow n, Itiile each time. Apply one ounic eacfa • 
'( spirit* lurpcDIlnc, tiwcet ati, iui<i aqun-aniTiionii. mixed, every 
feonr to the whole i>l the throat, and ti> tlic biciuii bonr rvciy lour 
boura. keirgiiit^j flunn'.'l tc the purl, 

Di»he»— how to wa&h- — The right way to wath dishes it in hav« 
three pans, one conuining narm noap-tudt, another warm clean 
water, and the other hot clear wnicr. First, waxh and wipe th» ' 
Klastware; aecund. ihc i>llvet. hnvinic n p'ato in the boiiom i>I the ' 
pan for the silver li> reit on: third, lukc thr <lishc«. one ni ii time, 
wash the side you eat off uf in [he suds, then ptuec them in the nartn, 
eleur vslcr. where there is a clean dish-cloih and wash both sides; 
Ihra rin«c them in ihc hnt water and dr.iin a!i. 

Di9h«BlChcftp and Excellent)— to cook. — i Tiiltr as mniiy cold 
hiitrl Ixiilvd cKiiv i'i ^re required for the sine if the dish: »llce them, 
and cover the diah with a layer of these slices. Over these urate a 
tkiek coverlns of cheese, then another layer of slices of hard egg; 
dot about a lew eajicrx Mnd xoidc fine I y-e hopped hat pickle or chuinee. 
OvtT this puur a itnud thiek m.iyoniiaiirr SHUre. and cover all wilb 
grated cheese. The mayonnaise suoctr may be made at followg: Beat 
ur> Ihc yolk of a >dw egg and oil. dropped in slowly, to a thick cream. 
Whitli up (hr white to the ccmhibtency of cream, and tnix with it. 
Flavoi with Tarragon vineKUi, pepper and call, 

3. Take the remains uf any kind of lish Ihai hu« >ii-en ptcvloii«ty 
cooked: bone and well pound it in a moriar with u liillo butler. |>cj>- 
per and sail to lasic. and a litile shallot or garlic. Roll il into balls, 
egg and brcnd-cnimbs. and frj' these a. goltlcn brown. Serve very 
hot with <>liceti ol lemou. The remains of lobster or crab may be 
served in the tdmc way. 

J. Take OS many hard boiled cgjpi as you require, cut them in 
vc« and scoop out ihc yolks. Mix the laller with some lincly- 
mloccd cold chUkeo, mushroom, shalloi, a Utile Icmon-juice, and 
peppet und t>n!< lo latile, Put IhU mintuic into the white halves, poM 
a piece i>f thread arcund them, roll Ihcm lightly m egg and bread* , 
crumbs, and Irv lo lighi brown. 

4. The remains of cold dock or young goose may be made verv 
appcil^iiiK in Ihc (olluwlni: wny: Mincc ihr llt^h up very finely with 
kmon-Juice, » few olives, a little of the icasoning. and some cclery- 
mIi, Make a hard crust as for a raised pie. and bake in the oven or 
'M>il in a (losin. tf the laiier, serve with it ihc gravy leii from Ihc 
roaai, flavored with a wincgloti of red wine. 

Take H (air-siicd fowl, biaiite it well, and then cut Into small 

E:es ("ut il into a tilew-|uin wiili a ijunrt ul peaa, a young good* 
__ rled leIIU(e<:jl inlii quarters, a fi-w spring onions chopped fine, a 
"■"nen button mushrooms, andadeiseri-spoonful of " YaaKce Rcliah " 
r Worcesterebiic sauce. An old fowl answers for thb purpoae ad- 
mirably. 



Ji8 



IVHA T EVERY ONE SHOULD A'XOir. 



6. Stew macaruni until il Ja quite tender In any kind of browa 
*oup. Serve It In a rather deep dish vlih rich cheese grated thickl; 
over It. 

1. Break three or lour efot* into ft basin; whtSK thrm to a thick 
creAtn. Stir in u lablcopoonfui of flour, a quart of milk, and two 
vpoor.liilfi of (unr powiler. Bake till il ritei and ictvc hoi. Thli 
nirry custard cannot bcloa tlrongly rccommendci). 

S, A pie that combines economy with «avorin««ii may And favor 
with the cconomicHlly ili»|Hi«ed few. Some (liccN of hrri vui very 
thin, a few ihkkcr bits out of a loin of purk. Line ihe ilicM ul beef 
with chopped onion'nnd line herbs, roll Ibetn up and tie with ihiend. 
Pack the mcdl inio the dish wrth a layer of leekt. white beet, and 
paivlcy between each layer. Pour a little icravy ove-r the nliole, 
Buuon liberally, ant' bnke vn>kr n ijuod light crust. 

9, A diih ecjUiilto tb(? lic?i Ateuk und cheap enouKh for any man, is 
pranarcd from a shank i>l beef with some meat 00 it. Have the bone 
well broken; wash carefully to remove hits of bone, cover with cold 
water; walch when tllc^ boiUnic bcRlnt und lake off the scum thai rises. 
Slew five or six lii>urs till the muscles are diMolved: break the nest 
small »iih a fork— far better than chopping — put it in a bread-pan, 
buil down the ginvy till in cooling it will turn to aiiiff jelly. When 
(his is done gelatine is quite MipcrOuous. Add >i>1i. and, it liked. 
iMher ^eauminji. unit |ioui it Ik>i upon Ihe meat; stir inKcthcr imd set 
aside ovci niiiht. when it will cut into handsome mottled slices lot 
breaklasi or ^uppcT. 

Di*infcctaat~for sick<rooms.--Lef a reliable apothecary putnp 
foi yiiu in ■ small bottle (our ounces of ninety per cenl. alcohol, 
and one ounce of tbiily-six per cent, nitric acid. (>iic half of this 
mixture will disinfect a room fifty (eel long, thiitv feet wide and 
twelve Icet high. One large spoonful o( il (oDC-balt ounce) will dis- 
infect a large bedroom containing i,3c» cubic feetol air space. Two 
teaspoon (ulk of it (twodramsl will dislntccl a bedroom tunc (eel hijuHre 
and seven tuid oiie>hal( feet hi|{h, A te«k|ioonfut (one <lram> is suf- 
ficient for three hundred cubic feet air space The method of using 
the mixture is m follows: Pui the quantity to be used In a porcelain 
caiMulc (a ie»-«aUOer will do), sel a pan ol waim water In the room to 
be disinfccled; lel'lhe capsule or saucer ci>ni;uninjt the disinfectsol 
float on ibe surface of the warm water, 1 he mixtuic in the capnile 
«>r saucer will evaporate ty the heat o* the wulet, and ihe vapor will 
effectively disinfect. Don"! try to evaporate on a store, over a lamp, 
or by « Arc; mischief would result. I'lc warm water to eflect cvip- 
orotiun and nothing else. U*e only porcelain 10 hold the iniKture, 
for it will corrode meul. It will also 'poil a kimxI tpoon. Label the 
bottle " poison." for it would be very dangerous to lake It instead of 
medicine. 

DIsiafactanta.— Ih Asataraicdsolutiorofpermnngaratcif potassa 
is the best 111 all dmnleclanls. Add 10 twcnty-llvr |tri>>ns 'wo quarts 
of water. A t»blc»poaafuL of this in a soup plat* ol water i*idotcb 




V/llAT EVEKY OXE SHOULD KSOW. nq 

•flv ordinary nn«II. No sick-room, especially one in which cbere \% 
inlcctioui discAK. (hould be without it. 

s. Hcnin rutnman Iron firc-sbovcl hoi. but noi quite red-hol. And 
pour «ii I'li'irr <■( oirbolie acid ftuid on ii. The funi?» will pme(r«ic 
the room everywhere and cleanse (he «ir of its impuritie*. Thi« 
thould be repealed dailf 9i> Ionic i** >' ■<> neccnury. 

3- The [ollovlng \» ■ rvfresbing dlsinli-ctani for a >ick-room, or anir 
room thai ho* nn unpleoHDi nmma petvodlnft li: Put »ome fresh 
({round coftre in a. tMicer. and In the <enlci plucc a %Ta»\\ piece of 
ompAor KUtn. which lifrht with a match, Aa the (rum bum.i allow 
luHieient coffee lo contumc wrlh it. The perfume i<i very pleawinl 
and healthful, being far superior lo pastilen. and very much cheaper. 

4. From an Italian journal we note that a (ew drops of ihe follnw. 
ing mixiurc on a plate will pleasantly disinfect a bcdjoom: Cam- 
phor, twenty; hypochlorite of lime, alcohol and water, o( each fifty; 
curalypius iind nil of clove*, of each one part. The initrcdients must 
be mixed slowly in a cool, spacious vessel. 

5, Cut two 01 ihiee good^ifed onions in halve*. andpUcethem 00 
ft plate on the llonr; llicy absorb noxious effluvia, etc. In Ihe «ick- 
roooi, in an in<rrdibiy short apace of time, and nic greatly lo be pre- 
ferred 10 perfumery for [Uc tunc purpoM. They should be cbanfied 
e»ery six hours. 

OaB»--to remOM vermin from. — To remove fleas and ticc on doK*. 
mix soft-aoap with as much carbonate of soda as will make it into a 
Iblck paste. Then rubthlt well Into ihc ii>«t» of the hair all over the 
iSog's body, addiuK « lilllc hoi water i» you ip> alonii, to as to enable 

Cto completely ^alurale the skin with It. Let it remain for half an 
r, then put the dog into a tub with wann water (or ten minuiea, 
letting htm quicllp souk, and now and then ducking hit head under, 
LMtly. was)) the *oBp compleicty out, and let him dry by cxcici«e in 
the sun, choosinK a waim day for the nperuiion. This, after two or 
three rtpetilions. will completely cleanse the foulest skin. To pre- 
vent vermin from again accumulating, moisten Ihe hair once a week 
with a teaapoonfu! of carbolic acid 10 a half pint of water. Keep hla 
house or rcsiinic place and beddlnit clean and sweet, and sprinkle it 
occasionally with the last mentioned solution, 

Oog^-bite — treatment of, — Wash the pari thoroughly, then suck it 
freely; finally icmch 11 -ill over with lunar cauiiic. When there Is a 
doubt nu 10 till- hcrtllh >jl the animal, anil the dog is tuppoted lo tic 
mad, the only wtfc method lo prevent Ihc aboorptlon of the poison is 
lu have Tecuune lo the surgeon's knilc. by which every psrticlc of the 
surface with which the saJiva of Ihc dog may have come in oonlacl 
muM be cut away. - 

Doughnuts,— One cm. one cup of sugar, one leaspoontul of but- 
ter, one tup iif ■iweel milk, one teaspoonful of soda, two teaspoonful* 
of cream l;irl;ir. 

Doughnuts iRailedl. — One pint of milk, one pint of sugar, one 
pint Ql ycuti or »pongc. two-thirdi ol a pint of shortening, iwa eggs. 



IW WHA r ffVEK Y OXE SHOVLD K.VOtT. 

one small tpuspoonful ul Mill, and one tCMpoonlul of cinnanuin. We( 
up wann ■! nieht. wnp up wet), and In the roornloK roll Ami cui 
out. kl sinnil whllt: the Ul lir.its, fry. not tin) qiiiikly. 

Drafts, Bills of Excli«ng«, Acceptances. — Adrafi or bill at ex- 
chanKc i» an oiilti dtunii by tmc person or 6nn upon snocfaer. paya- 
ble elilicr ni sight or nt a >Ui«l future lime. 

I( becomes an " acceptance " when the pany upon whom It I* 
drawn wrilcs ACroBS the jncc " uccrutcd " un^l »>Kns hit nulne Ihcrrto, 
luid in ncicoliable and bankable, the vamc as a nute, and tiubjecl lo 
the same laws. 

to many Mates both lifthl and time draft* are entitled t« three 
Avf*.' gtacc, Ihc ukme ox notes; but if made \a form of a bunk check, 
" pay in." irlthoui the woida "at »i|[ht."il i* payable on preMrilalion 
wilhdul Kiiict. 

DritU— to temper. — Select none btil the finest and beat steel for 
your (IrilU. In making thcra, never heal higher than a cherry rtd, 
and always hammer till nearly cold. Do all yout hAmtncfinic in one 
way. lor U. after you have flattened your piece out. i-tni Hitetnpi to 
hammer it back toa square or a round, you spoil it. When youidriU 
is in propel shape, heal it to a cherry ted. and thruti it into a piece 
of resin or into qukkdilvcr, ^ome tisc a solution of cyunurel polassa 
and rain-watn lor icmpcrinit their dntl». but the irua or quicksilver 
will work be?I. 

Drink—Terr strengtbeninK.— Beat ihe yolk of a fresh c([g with a 
little sugar, add a vcrv little brandy, beat the while to a strong fmlh, 
sllr It Into tile yolk, fill up.ihe tumbler with new milk, and (rate in « 
Ihtle nutmcK' 

Drinks— wf fever pAtiMts. — Drinks made from fr<«hor preserved 
fruiu air MimcliiiK'i useful in fevers. Rhubarb tea it a rety refresh* 
irig spring beveiage. Slice about two pounds of rhubarb and boW tot 
a ciuarteT of an hour In a quart of water; strain the liquor into a ju|[, 
addioKaftDMUl quantity of Icmon-peel nod some tufpir to lutie; when 
cold It is fit for u-e, Apple water may be mnde in the sume manner. 
The apples should be peeled and cored. Sugar should noi be added 
to cither of the above until after the liquor i» removed from the hre. 
In the absence <>I frnih Iruii n pleaunl beveraK« may be |>repiircil iff 
stirring a uffi Hen I raspberry jsai or curreni jelly into the required 
quantity ot water, Mraintn£lhe liquor before giving it tu the pailenl. 

Dropay— remed)' Cih'. — Take one pint of bruised muslatd seed, two 
hantlfuls of btaitrd hor»eradi»h ruoi. clxhl onaecs of lignumvlUe 
chlp«, and four ounces of bruitvtl liidisn hemp root. Put all the is' 
gredietils in seven qiuns ol cider, and let it simmer over a slow fire 
uolil it it reduced to four quarts. Strain ihe decoction, and take a 
wlncKlawful (oar times a day lor a (ew days, increasing the dose to a 
smaJl teaeupful thtce limes a day. Alter which use tonic medicines. 
This remedy has cured cases of dropsy !n one week's time whidi hat 
b^ed the skill of many eminent pliysiciaaa. For children the doK 
duNtld b« SBsUcf' 



WHAT EVERY OXE SHOULD KXOW. 



"3 



I 



EBRln. etc. Atmut ihc Mmc fuod (hat it ^tod Eurke]r3 'm luiiablc lot 

!'AunK<luck!i. atihouRh they like plenty o( green food ns Kelt as *on 
ood while younif. Wonn*. flics, bupi. elc, arc eagerly (hoveled in 
by thero. and tclithcd accunjlngly, la the absence of wliiili oi-ru' 
tonal feediof >h(cil> of nell caiiked beef— Ihc ehc«po( iil! I'iirit will 
d<i~<omc In very nkcty lo supply tlia deficiency. Like other young 
poultry, they r«C|Uire care during Ibe earlier stugn of i^wth and de- 
velopment- 
Duck*— quick B^owtfa of.— The prejudice agnlnat ducks, on ac- 
couni ijf ihelr eMicinc voracity. In not well facndcd, (or il i hey eat 
enormiiuhly nlirn liutf ki^'wii. tlicy increase In wriKhi pio[jorii<»iJilely, 
Quick Kt"*"h i> onc'if ihc ihinir* inoxt desltrd in nninialNof all kinds 
thai are raised [or the lable. If [he exptTimrni In; tried of rearing 
chickens and duck* thai were hatched ihc lame day. in a Bock to. 
gcthcr. Mid glvinji ihem all they will cat, the biter will ouiiirlp the 
chickens in growth, 

Dnmpllnpi (Apple), — i. Firet procufe good. Dour, jniey apple*, 
pare and core, IciivinK ihem in halves. Get all your incrcdicnts 
ready before beginning lo mix your dough; sug&r, sodn, milk, lard, 
salt, flmir and apples. Now make a dough as lor soda biscuits, orily 
adding H tittle mure taid to mitkc it shorter. Take a bil of dough on 
the kneudinK''^>'>'d, and after kneading [hl(, roll as (or pie criiHt: 
then cut in picccA long enouxh (i> cover an apple, allowing fur lap< 
ping the edges. Put in two ol your apple halves, kveelen according 
to taste, and cover apple and sugar with dough. Lay the dumplings 
In your hread-pon. the smooth side up, first having your pan well 
hiiiiered. Proceed In this mannei until you get your pan well Ulltd 
(Iw Mite it is* larfc pan, (or ihey will go oil like hot cukes), (hen 
place usmall bit of butter on Ir>]>orcachduiiip)ing. sprinkling u hand- 
ful o( sugar over all: then place in a moderate oven and allow them 
to bake an hour. Serve with pudding sauce, or iviih cream and 
tugar. 

a. Make a cniM like thai for scwla hiscuil*. One <|uan (lour, on« 
pint milk (the criisl must be sod ati possible), half cup shortening, one 
tcaspotinful soda, two leaipoonfula cream tartar, or three leaspoon- 
(uU ol baking ponder, a liiile sail. Roll and cut in circular shape, 
large enough for two halves of apple. We do not sweeten or llavor, 
nor do we bake, but put In the tieamrr anil »icain. and cai, when 
done, with sauce, or sugar and butter, oc with lyrup, 

3. Peel and chop line tart apples, make a crust of one cup o( rich 
bullcimilk. one tcaapoonful o( soda and flour enough to roll: roll half 
an loch thick. ).pre;id with (he apple, sprinkle well with sugatand rin- 
■mon, cut in i-tripk two Inches wide, roll up like jellycakc. set uplhe 
roll on end in a d>lpping-|mn, putting a teaapoonful of butter on 
each; put in a moderate oven and baste often with the juice. Use 
the juice for the sauce, and flavor with brandy It you choose. A 
sauce of milk and builei sweei^acd and flavored, is mostly pre- 
forrtd. 



"4 



WNA r RVP.RY ONF. SffOtriD ff.VOtV. 



Dtiit>p>n — proper alwp*. — When yuu (riiiit a diul-pnn, have U 
mode to order, iriih Khc \ia.nA\e tumpil down iiuCead of up, ko bj to 
ml on ihc floor, and lip the iliut-paa at a, proper angle for tgccIvIde 
the riu*(. Il la a ureal convenience, aa ]rou do noi have lo cioop Md. 
hold it while vou aic twecping. i 

Djting (Blkckl. — Une four ounces of cuppeTM and one ounce I09-' 
wood extract 10 each pound of Kuods: disaoWe the eo|)peniii In waier 
.niAclcnt la covet the cluih: net ii in clean water befoce putiint; li in 
the coppcnu wAier. to prevent ipnttlng: boll i( In the copperM water 
about iwcmy minutn: IaI<« ii mit. limi; In kWmd water Km, then 
vruh in snap-suds tilt il icenis si^fl as bcfoio it was put in Ihe coi>- 
pcnui water; then put into the lugwuod dve and let It boil about j 
twenty minulcit; uke out and lei il dry; wash before it dries, or a(ief,{ 
08 U inwt convrnirm. Ii w]l! neither crack, fade, nor |[row maty. 

Djea— for ivory, born and bone— Black. — Lay ibe ariicica to 
several huun in n jttonK ?n>luiiiin of nitrate o( »il»«r. and expose l»'^ 
the light; bolt the iirticlc for sume time In a atrained decoction o( 1og~ ' 
wood, and then Kiecp in .1 toluiion of per-xulphaie or acetate of iron; ,' 
Itntncttie (tniueiiily in ink until of ■uindenl dsptb if color. 

Bll'b. — Imtnctic in ^1 dilute soluiiun of sulphate of indigo,' 
partly saiumted with pntnNh. and ii will be fully stained; ateep In a 
•tronB Koluilan of sulphate 01 copper. 

GiUEaii. — Dip bluc-Kialneid niiiclm (or n ahnrt lime in a nitro-hy^J 
droehlorate of tin, and then in a hui ikiociion of fustic; boil inaaolu 
don af Tcrdinrls In rlnegar until the desired color it obtained. 

Rfj). — Dip the article fitsi in a tin mordant used in dyeing, an 
Iben plunge in a hot ilecorllon of Broill wood, one-half pound to 
gallon oi water or cnrhineal; sleep in red Ink till »uBlcienity sulned,']! 

Si-'AtLKT. — Use loclc (l^e instead of the preceding, 

Vlui.Ki'. — Dip in the tin cDordant, and Iben immerae in a decoctlu 
of logwood. 

Vku^ow. — Roil the article* In a luolullon of alum. 00c pound to half * 
a ([allon. then Immerse U<t half an hour In Ihe following mixture: 
Take half a pounil of turmeric, and a quarlca of a puund of pcarlath; 
boll In one gallon uf water; when lalten from tbis, the bone must be 
ftgaln dipped in Ihc alum rotulian. 

Dynamic Power of Vaiioua Kiodi of Food.— Une pound of ett>J 
mml uill (urnihh iw much pomer us two poundnof bte*d. and mo 
than thtrc pounds <if Icnn <mil. One pound <>( bulleruivesa workic. 
force equal lu thai of nine Jioundi of polaloei. twelve giuunds of mill! 
and nMifc tbao five pounds of lean bcaf. One pound of lump sugar^ 
la oqoal in force to two pound* of ham, or eight pound* of cahbaoe. 
The haMtual use of aplrltuoua liquor* Is laimlcnl i» hralth. and la* 
eritnlily lends lo fliorten lU*. A mechanic or labnrliig man of arer- 
age liie require*, according lo Molncliall, twenty-ihrce ounces -t 
dry aoliil malter daily, one-fifth nitrogenous. Food, as usually pte- 
pand, contain* hfiy per cent, of water, which iiould increase Ihe 
qiuattiy to (ony.«ia ounce*, or thicc ponndt and fourteen ounces, 



WHAT RVF.aV ONE SJtOVI.D KS'OW. 



m' 



with at IcMI oa equAl weight of n-aier In jddicloa dally. The Mima 
i&uihoflty ladicatoas hmtihy pioponlfiiii. of nlbumiii«tt« innttcr, 
[4.157 ounces; fatty mnnri. i.i^; carhii-hyiiiHlc. 14.150: s^ti. i.0{3; 
ttotnl. 3I,8570uacn. lot (hLJIy uic. This iguHntiiy of (ocid will vary 
[grealty in the requirements (if individuals cngaK^d in sedentary cttt. 
ploynienW, or of prrsons wilh weak constiluiionsor impaired diges- 
tion, aa aJuo whelKer employed In the open air or wllhlndooni; much, 
•Ian. depending: on the lempeTaiurc, I'rcfcrrtKc dhouUl be siven to 
lb« food whi«h ino«t readily yleldft the malcrinh rec|uirod liy nalure 
in Ihe fomialion of tbo human frame. Beef contains about (our 
pounds of such minerals in evrr^' one hundred poundt. Dried ex- 
tract of beet coniaini iwcniy-one pounds in each one hundred pounda. T 
Bread made from unholtcd wheal Hour Is also ytty ilch in such cle>~ 
incnti, much more to than KUpcrfiitc Hour; hcnre the CORimoit use of 
eraham bread for dy»pcp»ia and iither ailmend. Th« anftlrsis ol 
Uebig. Juhrislon. and olherv, kIvc, in one hundred parts, the follow* 
ing propottioris of nutritious elemenia, vit.: Indian com, 13.30; bar- 
Ijicy, I4.iji>; wheal. 14.06; oals, 19.91. A fish diet is well adapted to 
Ditain intelleciual or brain labor. What It required may be best 
nown from the fact that a humitn body vreifchlnu one hundred and 
fifty-four pounds coniuins, on a rout;h estimuie. of water, fourteen 

{allons; (conusling of oxygen, one hundred and eleven pounds; of 
ydroKCD, fourteen pounds:} carboo. twenty-one pounds: nlirogen. 
Ibrto pounds and eiKht ounce*; cakicum, two pnuiida: Kodium, two 
and a quarter nuiico; pliMpbonu. otto and tiic«t!*quarler pound); 
pptaislum, one-half ounce; sulphur, two OUncesand two hundred and , 
nineteen graLn-i; fiuorlne, two ounces; chlorine, two ounces and fotiy- 
scvcn Kfaln^: Iron, one hundred grains; magnesium, twelve grains: 
silicon, two grains. After death. ih« human body Is, liy gradual dr- 
eay, slowly resolved Into these lis component psris. which etements 
are ngain used In the complex anil waaderful Uboraiory of nature, la 
vivify the countleis fonns of veKetable life. These in iheirlurn fulfil 
iheir appointed law by yielding up their substance for the formation 
of other bodies. 

Dysenteiy (Cholera) Cordial. — Two ounces tincture cayenne, one 
ounce spirits camphor, one ounce tlnciuce rhubarb, tiro ounces es< 
Mnc« peppermint, two ounces best brandy, two dram* laudanum. 
Dose t«r an adult, uno tMSpoontul every hour until relief Is oh* 
lained. 

Dysenterr RtractlT,— The egg 's considered one of the best o( 
remedies fiT 'lytentery. Hesiten upsligbtly. with or without sugar, 
and swallowed ut a gulp, it lends, by its «mul1ienl quslitics, to lessen 
the inSammiitioo of the stomach and intestine, and, by forming a 
transient coating en these organs, lo enable nature to resume her 
healthful kway over a dUcoscd body. Two, or at most throe egt, 
per day would be all that Is required In ordinarjr cases; and since egg 
is not merely medicine, but food as irell, the lighter the diet other* 



196 



ly/M r KV&KY ONE SHOVLD KNOW, 



hUc an<l the quieter the paiienl i« kepi, the mote ceruln ftfld mpEcl U 
I he rccovf ry. 

Oj*pcp»iA Remedy. — A duflcrcr Irom dyapepai* *».y«'. " The ker. 
n«l uf (he jir»(h pit hits pcoi'cd in niAn/ caM> > perfect rtmedjr (or 
vh«l a tcrmi^cl bcnrtbutn. I suffered from it hourl)- for yean; more 
U aome lime* than others. Sccinff lhi« remedy rccamaicndcil Id dome 
jouroal, two »r Ihrrc ycAri ago. Inficti tlnce propotcd (i> try il. hut 
did iioi until hoi H'imcr. When the nulTrtinK manifcita iuvlf. cat one 
or tvo of the kcrnetH. and tiflcr h few days Ihe aymplams will Uisap- 
pcar. The remedy li ^ini>>c. cheap, and harralcM, uid, best of oil, 
effectual." 

Dyspepsi*— tfialtntnt of.— One o( the Broi tbinic* W be ttllcnded 
l'> il l<) rejiuUtE ihr b'lwcU, which in tlii* diie«*e Mt alwayt in ucoti- 
live atiile. The beit mvutit of krepinji; Ihem louoe is the eating of a. 
handful ol dean wheat bran, once or twice a day. Thii » the moat 
simple and cIGc^oiu method of etcaaaiog Ihc atnmach. It may be 
nten from the hand with a few sirallom t\ water to waah it down, 
also use, to ref-ul&te Ihc Momachknd bowel*, ihr daily ase of com- 
mon salt, in teoapoondil doses, difsolv*^ in a half tumblerful of 
walcc, taken in the momint; (asltng. Avoid rich diet, tmd me brown 
bread Instead of that made of superfine flour. 

OjsptPtic*— dictfor.— Or. Mllnei FoiherKll recomincndt the use 
of stowed fruits in many InolAnces ol ri'UI and dyapcp«is. Sugar Is 
undoubtedly objectionable lo many, but it is by nu mean nec«sary 
loBdd lugat to stewed fruit: if the aclditv bencutraluedbyanolkaJi, 
little or no sugaj- Is required. Thrifty nouscwiTca have long been 
familiar with the tad thai the addition of a imalt quantity cJ the 
bicarbonate of ooda (o Stewed fruit rcduri* the iicidity, so as to Bare 
the necessiiT of so nncb sugar. If abnut as much bicarbonate a( 
potash as will lie on a shllUnK be added to each pound of fruit it will 
1m found suAclcni to ocuirallic the actdiiy and to bring out the 
natural sweeinehs. Milk puddings and «icwcil fruit arc excctlrnt (or 
(be dyspeptic, the l>ilii>u>> iind Ihe Kouiy. 

Dyspepsiji— cures and treatm«Bt.— The Late I>r. Leared, In his 
Tfcenlly nublishcd csuy on "The Causes and Treatment of lodl- 
KCstion,"lays down at a fuoklmenlal principle that ihc umouni of food 
which each man is c«|>ahle ol dlgestinK with cue always has a limit 
which bears relation lu his »Ke, consiiiuiimi. health and babit». and 
that IndiRestion is a consequence of exceeding thii limit. Different 
kinds of food ore Also dilferently adapted lo dillerent constitutions. 
Uyspe|>sia may be brought oo by eating irregulaily. by allowing too 
long an interval twi ween mcnls, and by eating tooottco. Frequently 
the meals arc not Rsuged as to Ihoir relative amount, or tllMritiuted 
with a due regard fur health. Thus, whoa wc ico out utti-r lakicii: a 
tight lireaklast and keep at our work, with a siill lighter lunch oiilv 
during the interval, till evening, we arc apt. n iih the solid tne^l which 
tempts OS lo indulgence, to put ihe stomach to a harder test than it 
canteai, " When a light breakfast it eaten, a solid tucal is re>)uitii« 



U'lMT EyEHY 0A-£ S//OV/.J> ICAfO»: 



la? 



Inthc middle o( the dfl)'. When thcorciuixBie led too long unemploy. 
ed Ui*7 *ccr«-le an excct* of mucux wbkh ureaily inlerfctc* wiih dU 

Kidoa. OiKTticiLl lia«A JifcctinAuencoan the iirxcn poor break faot 
vta Uie iloniuch uver-Hclivc fur ilinnor. The puinl [ubear in mind 
tt. that not lo eat a suffieiency at «ne meal makes yoii luo hungr}- (or 
the ne^tr; and thai, when you are too hungry, you are apt to overtojul 
ll)«' Kloniat.h and t(lve the gailrk julcei more toilu ihan they have the 
piiiier to |ie([i>nii- PereoriR who cat one men! loo quickly on anolhei 
must likewise expect the Btomuch liiisJly to t;ivc notice that it isimpo*ei 
upon. Other provocatives of dysp«pei&are imperfect iiKuticAlion 
■making and Miull-takint;. which occasions a waate of saliru — allhouKh 
Home people lind that smoking asutts digestion. If done In moder- 
ation — i>iltinit In poHilions (hut <c*inp the ilomach. and the prcMUre 
that is Inllided on the «tomach by the toota of »omc trade*, aa of 
carriers, shucmnkers. ftnd weavers. The KOneral symptomB of drt- 
pepiia are well known. Some thai dtncrve special remark are fancW 
that the llmtis or hnndfi arc disiorted. mental dcprc»ion, extreme 
acrv'ouknen^. hypiDchrondcia and oth^r ofleclloni of (he mind. Th« 
cute U to be »nuKht In avoiding the food and habit* by which dys> 
pcjHila are promoted, And tulntc and practicing lh(i«e irhicli are found 
to agree best with the system of the subject. Regularity in the houis 
of meals connoi be too strongly Insisted on. The stomach should not 
be diaappolnlcd when It cxpccu to be Tcplcniihcd. If disappointed, 
«vcn adlmlolshed amount of food will be taken, without Appetite, 
which causes llie secroiionr I" injure the clomach. or cite Impairs it* 
muscular action,'* 

DjspepsI* or Nerrous Debility— to cure-— Change your rtlei and 
manner of living, drink neither tea or coflee. never drink ai meal ilraoa, 
after me^l. or dudng the tneal. dluolvc half a tcji^poonful or more of 
cayenne pcppet in hill m ^laMful of milk and dtink it. cat iilain food; 
never tavtepaairy of any kind. If you are iruubled with skeplcs* night*, 
do not try to promote sleep by taking stimulants or rptaies, they do 
rootc harm than good, take a *tH>ngc bath just bclolc retiring, and if 
you are unable to do It yourself, get some one lo tub you well with a 
coarse towel; If you wake in the nijtht and cannot gel lu alccp again, 
get up at once, not He until yuu (-ct nervous thinking about It; lake a 
fool bath; nib your limbs well tugei up adrculailon;drlnk Bglavtof 
cold watu. Xx> not cxpect'Io cure yourself In one weeks' llmr; have 
patience, and try one month. In bathing, uiie your hnndH lo apply 
the water, il Is niudi Inciter than ti»punKc:so(lenlhe wuler with borax. 
it is more Invigumtrng than salt water. 

Dyspepsia— remedy for. — Powdered rhubarb, sixty gralnt; bi- 
carbonate of soda, half an ounce; powdered ginger, sixty grains; oil 
of anihc scfil. twenty dtop*. Mnke up these ingredient* into twelve 
powder* Take ft [".wdrr morning ond evening. 
Earache — specific for. — Olive oil. one ounce: chloroform, one 

5 rain. Mix and >hakc well together, then pour iwenty-five or thirty 
n>ps in the car, and close it up with a piece of raw cotton to eidu' 



1 



taS 



wmr EVBHv oxe shovld kxow. 



the air and nuln ihc minute. The remedy I <ui truly My la a 
BpeclHc In cBrache, It Rett promptly and clKclcmly, 

Earacha — \t> cure. — <>cncrally br-at Is the best rcmnly. Apply a 
wiirm iioulticc or warm oil to ihc car. Rub Ihc buclt of (he eir nlih 
warm LudBnum. In case (if a fetid dischai^. cMredilly syringe th« 
ciir nith uarm milk and walcT, In all cuiei keep the car tKomuKlily 
tlcntK^ed. Rrttel it olicii given by nibbing Ihc back of Ihc cui with a 
little liurt.luifM iiitd Wiilct. 

Earftche^remcdicfl for. — i. Put somi? live coalo in an iron pan, 
aptinklc with brown suuar, inrctt a funnel over it. nndpul the tube ia 
the ear. The imoke gives almoit instant relicl. 

3, Carbolic acid diluted with warm vraicr and poured into the caria 
a snvcreiKn cure for nrache, 

J. Take equal parts of chloroform and laudanum, dip a picN o( 
cotton into liic mixture and intruduce into the -ear. and cover up and 
get to iilccp as soon oa possible. 

4. Foui drops of oil of amber, and two drams of oil of swetl al< 
moods. Four drops <if this mixture to be applied to Ihc part affected. 

;. For earache, disoolvc aoafetida in vtatei; wann « few drops 
and drop in the eat, then cork the ear with wool. 

6. Cotton wool wet with sweet oil and laudanum often relieves cm* 
ftchc, It U said. 

Bki-wax — deficiency of. — Dcsfneis is tomotimcs the consequence 
of a morbidly dry stale of the inner paMagca of Ihe eat. the ear-irax 
being deficient and bard and dry. In sucti cases inttoduce a bit of 
cotton wool dipped In an etgual mlxttue of oil of turpentine and oil of 
almonds, or in the linimcnl of carbonaic of ammonia. 

EarUtcairare— to prevent cracking. —Beforq using new earthen- 
ware, place in a boiler with cold vuter, and be« gradually till it boils; 
Ihcn let It remain till the water tt cold. It will not be liable to Cfaclt 
If treated in ihib niacmer, 

Eoater Eggs~to dye. — In I'ariii. where more lh»n a million of 
these eiiKa are sold dutinj; the seasun, the rod ones, which ate (he 
favorites, arc dyed by boiling (nut violently, however), about dve 
bundted at a lime, packed in a basket, in n decoction of logwood, 
and llicn uddinK some aluis let convert the violet color I'l ted. \'a(i- 
ous aniline dyci are also used for a simllat purpose. 

Ecoomnical Hiats. — Look carefully to y<iur ekpendiiurci. No 
tnatiet what comes in, If more goes out. you will always be poof. 
The atl is not in makinK money, but In keeping ii; little expenses, 
like mice in a bam. when they are many, make great waste. Half 
by hair, beads get bald; straw by straw, the thntch goes oH the cot- 
lage; and drop by drop the ruin comes in (he chamwr. A barrel il 
•oott empty if the lap leaks but a drop a minute. When you mean to 
save, bcvin with youi mouth; many thieves pais down the nil lane. 
The alojvic » anirrsl waste. In all other (hin|[H keep within com* 
pais. Never stretch your legs farther than Ihc blanket will reach, or 
fou wlO aoon take cold. In clothes, choose suitable and lasting atufl 



WHAT Bi'F-lfV OXE SflOi'LD K.K'OW. 



139 



abd not (airilry finerle». To be warm la lh« m^n thinx: ncT«f mind 
lonkn. A (odI muy make muncy. but it need* awriae man li> tipend It. 
Rciuembcr, ll i* cuiet lo build (wo chimneys than (olceepone s°mK- 
\i you give Jill to back And bonid. ihetc I* nothing left for the aavinn 
tnnk. Put? hnnl and work baiil when you arc young, and yaa niil 
have a cbantc la rest when you arc old. 

Eggs — Bereral ways to keep,— i. Eogs maybe kept for an in- 
delinile time if p^kcJ when quflc frcKh m boxes wilh rofk tX-Ma in 
■ha|w like rock ult. Pui In a thick layer of alum, then the ettKS, 
•mall end down cover wilh alum around and <>ve( ihcni. unit keep in 
a cool, dry place. 

I, SUkc froh lime with boiling waiei. mhcn cold. Ihin with 
cold wulrr to tin; ttiickncts ol cream. P;ick the cgR* •mail end 
down, in a buixel or in none }»c«. ihen pour on the culd white- 
wash, tovering the cgK*. Care must be used in taking them out. aa 
they are ea»il]r cracked. TUs bu been used with succcs* for forty 
yoara. 

3. Three gallons o[ water, one pint fresh alalccd lime, onC'hatf 
plal aall. Uic perfectly fresh t%vfi wlih »ound shellii. If nii.>re lime 
ia pal Id it call the ihcll; if more aolt, ll harden* the yolks. i*iU 
them in careJully. th^y will keep perfectly good (or a year or more, 

4. Hold perfectly fresh oegs In bollinK water while countinK rU. A 
wire basket can be used for this purpotie. Be lure to have water 
moiigh (o entirely cover Ihc eggi. Let them dry and cool, then pack 
tn oaca. Put a layer of oatt on the bottom oF the keg or barrel suf> 
(icient to tupport the c^g», fuck ihrm c1o*c1y, imall end down, and 
proceed till the barrel vt filled. Shnkc it gently to settle oiii and 
ecK* Artnly. This method bus given rm^. nvcar after packing, inu 
good s slate of prMcrvatioo as nrhcn liiii packed. 

J, A layer of i«lt la placed in the bottom of a stone jar, and the 
•cgs are laid in thia. tha amall end down; ihe spaces are to be filled 
«ith*alt. and iheesKi well covered, then another layer)* put In, and 
; ao on until the jar litnlled. Place the jar in a dry place, andthc egK« 
Will keep a year. This !» one of the oldctt mcthoilt of preserving 
eggs, but it m«y be new 10 some liouhc keepers. 

Erp — to preserre,— Severn I ways of preserving eggs arc proc- 
tfced. The object is lo prevent evaporation from (he egg. Cutting 
off the air from the content* of Ihe ejjg prcsen'cs them longer than 
wilh any ••ilici tfCHtmciii. An egi; which has laid tn briin even fora 
few days will smell and taste musty. Packed in lime, eggs will be 
•lalned. Covered wilh n coal of spirit varnish, eggs have kept *a 
perfectly that after the lapse of two years chickciu are hatched from 
(hem. 

Spirit varnish for preserving eggs is made by dissolving gum shellac 
in enough alcohol to make a Ihin varnish. Coat each egg with tbia 
and pack, little end down, so that they cannot move, In bran, saw- 
duatorsand; the tan d Is best, WhHtcver is used for packing should 
be clean and dry. F'or pretervtng in lime, a pickle is made o( Ihe 



ISO 



WHAT EVERY ONE SHOVLH A'XOtr, 



hett alone lime. Ane. c1e»n mIi; •ad wnlcr enough lo ribIm ■ Mroog 
brine, usutilt)' sixty or nixiy-livc ic>tl(ins of wnicf . hix or cighi quart* 
uf tinll. and a bushel of lime are uieil. Th« lime shuuld be Kinked 
with a portion of the wAicr. Ibc *fih and the remainder of the water 
U acltled. Stir at tnicrvaU. anil when the pickle li cold ami ihe Kdi- 
ment ha« settled, dip or drair the liquid off inio ihe CHsk in nhirh the 
tggt are lo be ptcserved. When only a (ew cgifa are to be pkk1e<l a 
*tane jar will answer. 

Eggs — to test.— A good cgK will sink Id a body of water : if Mute. 
R linily of air inRlde.the shell vill frequently raiuc ii to float. Whtn 
bfjiled. ■ (ri'Kh eKK "''" *ilhen; lo the nbclt. trhirh will have a rough 
exterior: if si»ie. the ivutside will tie Mn'H>lh and glassy. Luiklng 
IhrnuEh a papier lube directed lun-ard the light, an egg held to ihv 
end of the lutie will appear Uancluc«nt if frcsb; but 1( aiale ii will b« 
dark — *lmo»l opaque. 

Bgg* (oeunedl.—BnU six cgic* twenty mintiles. Hake a plot of 
■iloecnaingr>ry|l><'ilin^-i:rcain thickened with flour and MOMined witb 
Mit, or milk aad butter ihickeoed, if <rciini cannot be had.) Put a 
Inycr of this cr««ni BTavy orcr alx «llce« of toBtt, Uid on a hoi platter. 
Cut Ihe whitM of tha eext !n (bin dices and lay ni-er this, and rub 
half of Iheyolks throu(;hi»eivci>vcrtheliiycror«hile«. Addanother 
layef of whiles, and another of sifted Tolkii. and ioitly Ihe rem^ninder 
of the cream gravy. Set In (he oven for a few mlouie* and Mrvc. 

BH!* to color. — Take Rome of the narroirest colored ribbon, and 
bind H closely and nrHtly T'>und ihe ci;k». covering altporu. and teesr- 
biftlieeiuls, so ihutlhe HbN.'ndoe* nut get looie. Thi* may be done 
With a. needle and thread, or by tucldng the cod* well In. The lome 
egg moy be bound wlih pices ot different colored ribbon, so aa to rary 
the appearance. B»il the ciik'' (bus bound for ten minutei. When 
cold, rcmoTc the rihboas, and the coloring will be left on the shellt. 
The egg* may now be vamisbcd, whkh will add much lo the beauty 
o( their appearance. 

Egg«— waya of cooking,— For sn omelet, whirh i« a favorite disti 
with many extrtlent ctiuks. tiae this rule: Beat tbe yolk* of klx eggs 
and (he while* of three till they are very light; take one leocvp of 
cream, if you can get it (milk will answer if vou connoi); mix witfa it 
very smooihly one (nbleipoonful of Hour, add salt and pepper aa you 
pleaoc: heat your frylng-|ian anil melt in It a large spoonful of butler; 
when hot pour the eggs and crvasi in. and set in a quick ovea. When 
ll Ii ihiLk enough— whkh is ■ maitor of (aaie — puur over It ibc wfaitcH 
of ihrcc cgg>, which are bcttlen to a aiiff froth'. Let it brown sUghciy, 
and then ttip it out In a hoc dish; this mutt be dono rery carcf^l^, *o 
thai Ihe whites of (he ckk" will be on the lop. This dish may be 
varied by beating the six eggs togctlMT, and Ibea adding the cream, 
etc. A goad rule as lo uuanlily is lo uw one egg (or a person. One 
of the best way*, if not the veri- best, to cook eggs Is lo pour boiling 
water into abuin, sri it on the hearth of the stove, or on Ihe tank, and 
ptil the egga into it; let ihem remain in ll for in minuics; the e^g 



WItA T EVERY OXF. SIIOVIM KXOW. 



IJI 



will be cooked cnoiinh to be delicious, it wilt dignl casil)-. uaA in ihJi 
w«)- Uie wonderful elements which so In make up (he eRK ^^^ l>cst 
preocnini. When done. brcAk anil drop on tliiT* of bucicrvd loiuit. 
iirjHJl in cKK-cuiw in which you have Ani put a lillle lump of bullet. 
Eggs ibalced). — Put Niiiccn in Ihc oven for a few mlnulc* to heat, 
then put into c.ich one a imall jiiece o( Uullcr. niid eoTcr Ihc Muter 
with II. Bicak Iwo cgi;s into cofh wtuccr. put Into the oven ft few 
minium uiitd (he whiles are ict. and iienrc In llic Miunr*. They uie 
»cfy nice. 

Ait^htr »ay.- Brejili eit-ht rsic* into a well bultcr«d dith. put In 
pepper AaA salt, bits of butter and Ibrec lablespoonfuU of cream; set 
la oven and bake about twenljr mlnule*; iwrve very hot, 

E g g* — * I* CfCDie. — Hard boll twelve ein;t>. and slice Ihem in thin 
linKC In the bultom of a deep Imkins di«h spread bits of butter, then 
a. layer of bread crumbs, and then a layer of boiled eras. Cover with 
bild of butter, ami Kpdnkle with pepper and salt. Continue (bus la, 
blfiid the4e liiKicti^Mts until (hedi»h U lull ur neurit so. CnimbsJ 
OTcr which bilt of butter are ipread, must <over all of these bits of 
CSV- "'"' "'"' '^"^ whole mixlure a pint o( sweet cream or sweet milk 
itiust lie pourc-l. before it Is baked in a moderately heated oven, 

Egs;s—tini« required to boil.— In three minute* an eutt will boil 
%ih. in four, the wliiir part is cuinplelrty cooked, in ten. it is lit for a 
Rolad. Try their freshness in cold water thoiie that sink the soonest 
arc (he frahcii. 

BcgB— 'to bwit. — To bciinhc white* ot cKKsquickly. put Iniiplneh 
of *>n^ The c'lok'r the etfgs the quicker they will fiutli. Salt cools 
anil nlf:o fre?!he[i% them. 

Egg-nog— to make.— To make a ouort lake three egK*. ncorly n 
pint III K""'! Iri.''>ii mi!k. sugar and splcc to suit the tavlc. Put these 
ID a pitcher, add h»i water (n make h quiirt. then f tlr. or chanRe from 
oncTcssel to unulher until cumpletely mixed, then addu wine^hiv»ful 
or more of the best whisky. Wine m.iy be u«d insteoil of whisky. 
The vatiA und augur must be thoroughly beaten before being put with 
the hot wiitcr. 

Eggs I for the nest). — Use only Koud siied rt:K». with strong 
shelU. Make in the small end a hole about nn eitchlh of an inch 
acroM. >nd In the other end a half inch hole. By biowing through 
the smallet hole, the content* of the shell will be driven out. Platter 
of Paris is mixed with water, thin enough to pt.ur. The *hell« are ta 
be filled with this, usinjt a spoon to fill Ihem tf necetoary, Whenlhsl 
•hell* are full, they ate set aside for twcnty~four hours. Trim oti.injr 
•nperfluou* plaMcr with n knife. These eggs are in appearance ex- 
Mijy like real eiti:<i. and l>einK heavy, are not thrown out of (he nest. 

Egg-oUnt— wa;B to coole — I, Slice the fruit i[iif,\wii.e. about, 
hnll an iii'.h Ihii-k. pfel and slack up with aspcinkliut-ol salt between , 
tbc slices, put A pinte with a weight, a flat-iron will answer, on lopH~' 
or lay the slices in slroiix s:ali and water. The olijcct in either cbm, 
Is to remove a slight bitteraeM. At the end of two hours Atf th^ ' 



IS* 



W/fATSVEftyoMB SJ/OVLD KA'OW. 



MtM on o cloth, nnd dip In a thin Ikuict tif rm and dour, nnij (r; tO 
« li|[ht bninn. InMe-Julunht bull«r, dip 5rH in beaten egg and (bun 
In crnclccr pnwJcr, Serve liiii. 

3. Pm« and boil unlil soft, then mash, and t«a»on wilh valt and 
pepper to tnsie: make into iMn cokck. dip In the twaten egg and 
cracker dust, and fiT In hoi lard, 

3, Slice the eKK-ploJii »' Iciwt !>!ilf nn inch thick, pnre cuch pk«i 
»Tc(ull)-. and lajr it InsAltftiid iriiirr. iitatltn([aplBi(^ upuii the lop. 
mo«C ID kc«p it tind«r the brine, and lei them alone Int an hour Or 
mbre. Wipe cadi slice, dip la beaten e({K. ih«n in crackefcnunb*, 
Hid Uj in hot Urd until well done anil iiirely bruwned. 

EgES'PicklcdI. — B^il ecKS hutd. and then diTeti ih^in ol (heir 
tilicllh, Pul Ihcm in a jar, autl pouion them sca]dinKVinrK»' (laroird 
wllli Ki"Kcr, gnriic. white pcpjKf. and a]li>pjce. Thi* pitkleiicap* 
ital Willi I'liiil mr4l. 

Eks» in Surpriae,— Take *iic frcah c|tK«. boil quite hard: lake oS 
an much ol the [op lU will enuke each iiand upright; take out all the 
)'i>!k». nnd Icat-e Uieni to cool; alio some part of the while. «a as not 
to break them; pound Ihc yolk* wilh some cooked chicken (<r ratibii* 
MhcT do not require much. MIk mIi, iiep|>cr. and a liiilc moee 
with the joW of one unboiled em, then pound bJI l«Rellier. f^e 
the shells off the whiici <<ttc(ull)t. Till theeggswlib the pounded iiirat, 
place ttacni in n Mew-piin wilh poini.i upward, (n aome (fund stuck. 
After boil ini; for a few minutes take iheni nrcfully out, pouring ihe 
hoi fcravjr over them; serve hot. Thin is an inexpensive dt*h. and 
looks nke. 

Egg*— aubstilnte for. — It 11 nol generally knowQ Ihai boiled ear< 
TOts. when prope ily Irealed. form an excellent substitute tor tim in 
pudding. They musl. for ihls purpote, be bollnlarid mjkihcTaed 
preHed through a coar«c cloth i>r liair kiere sirarncr. The pulp la 
then iftiroducixl among (he olher iiigrcdifni!! of ihe pudiUnjc. !•> ihe 
total omiwion of eggs. A puddiiiK liiude in this way is itiiKli IJKhter 
■lion where eKit* are utcd. and Is much more palatable. On the 
pdociple of economy, this foci I* worthy of the prudent housewife'* 
alleiition. 

Ecgs <5ctmmbl«dl. — Manv use only cegi with buiier nnd «nJt for 
this dish— ("f lour eggs, one tablcspoontul of butter. Melt Ihe but* 
Icr and turn in Ihe beaten eggs, and stir aulckly one or two minatci 
over a hot fire. A eommon practice it to increatc the quantity vltb- 
out impK'ting the quality by adding milk — a soiall cupful lo six egg*, 
and a lablnpoonful of butler wilh salt and pepper as preferred. Stir 
thcselngredientsoveraboifire, putting in the butler flnt, unlit the 
whole Ihfckent. It »hould besoft and creamy when done, ll Is very 
GneMTvedonioaxl. 

Egg>*— howlo biCTMac prodDctlon.— In the winter and early 
■p«ing, to keep up egg product ion: Ihe fowls muit have aomething 10 
work on. The lie*i way to supply them, it there l* ool enough of 
WWCc meat scraps from the brccdei't table to mccl the requited d^ 



iff/.t T F.Vf.R V OS'S S/IOU/.n AWO Il\ 



I3J 



mand, is lo gc< serapa from the buicli«r ot ilaughler hoiae. The 
wiuie mcU. OS's), tind ihc tilaody piccpi which arc unHtlable can be 
bciutiht for a rem of ivo a pound. The in-M w^iy (o uiilltR ibcse 
Kr;iii« ;iii't In render thrm morr iIiKC«Iililc and nuliitiiiuB it lo cut 
(hctn inti< fine pieces. ]nil Ihcni into a boiler wilb p'dlV °' walcr and 
boil Ihcm until tbc bcini-s sppantc from the flesh. TTico stir com- 
ment inTci ii until :t inak» a thick mush, ncaion wlih u!t and pepper, 
ind i.'Hik till done. Feed ihit when cold to the poulliy iind Ihcy 
irill c.iiil nith rvldcnl icliith. arid yiiu have a nunt excellent (opd 
which will keep dutiiiK cmM wc^ilhcr. 

Egfa in Winter. — If hens have been carefully fed durlnfc the 
m.iiiliintt scBMMi iheir owner may faictv expect n crop ■>( eitgt nh<n 
iJit i>rifc \% hlnliMt, usually iliuut or llllle atlcf the huliilays. Oii« 
at the rnott sltniillulini; tiHnW in t'tnii liberally dosed with pepperand 
mixed with jltim-miU. I'l i:i)id waihcr com or other Kiain should 
be added. The best mcibod is lo mix with their food, every uiher 
day. aboul a tea,«poonful of Kiound Cayenne pepper to tafh dtiieo 
fowbi. While upim (hill hubjeci. It would be well In nay. Ihnt it your 
hens lay aoft empi. <ir ckk'^ without khellii. you should put plenty of 
old plaster. p«K-ihcIls. u: even uyoier-shdis broken up. where they 
can get nl it. 

Electroplating— gold solution for.— Dissolve live penoyweiKhts 
Kold coin, fire crainA pure copper, and lour rraius pure silver in 
Itirec ounces nitru-muriatic acid, which ii simply two parts muriatic 
ftcld and one part nitric* acid. The silver will not be Ukcn Into solu- 
tion un are (he "llici two metnis, but irill Kalhcr al the bollom of the 
vewel. Ad'l one 'luncc pulveriied RuJphaie of ion. one^half ounce 
pulrerlied borax, iwcnly-live K'^'"* pure table sail, anil oar quart 
hoc rain-water. Upon this the Rold and copper will be thrown to the 
bottom of the vessel with the silver. Let it stand lilt fully settled, 
then iM>iir oil the liijuor very c^ircfutly, smi rciill with boilinic ruin* 
waler as before, Cooiimic ui repeat lhi« operation until the precipi- 
tate is (boruughly VAshcd; or. in other words. Till up. let settle, and 
pour off so loriBosihe accumulation at Ihc botlum ol the vessel is add 
to the taste. You now have about an eighteen curat chlorideof gold. 
Add !■> it an ounce Knd an cifthlh ol cyanurcl polaMB, and one quHrt 
of rain-water — the latter heated to the boiling palm. Shake up netl, 
then let it stand about tneniyfuur houn. and it will be ready for use. 
Some use plalina a* an alloy instead of silver, tinder the impression 
thai plating dour with it 1* harder, I haic used both, but never 
eould sec much difference. Solution for .\ ilatii colored plate lo 
iinilale Guinea gold niAy be made by adiling to the aliove one ounce 
dragon's blood and lire grainti iodide ol iron. If you desire an alloy- 
ed plate, proceed as 6t%t iJirccicd, wiihout the silver or copper, and 
with an ounce and a half of sulphurei potassain place of the iron, 
borax, and salt. 

ErobAlming— new method of. — Mix together Ave pounds dry sul- 
phate of alumtne. one quan of warm water, and one hundred grain* 



IM 



H'/M T EVERY OXE SHOULD KNOW. 



of DTMnioua acid. Inject Uuwi or four quurls uf this mixiure Inloall 
the vcKtcIs of Ihc human bodf . Thii applies a.% well to nil nnlmaU. 
bird*. A*hc*. cir. Thl» proccM tupcrccdu the old anil rcvoJling 
mode, and has been iniioiluced Into the grcAt an«ininical schoola o( 
Pi»ri». 

Emetic (Prompt-sctinK). — Thcinpciltcnisarc: Tarurcmcilc. one 
Krtun; iiowdcrcd ipecac, ivrcnty groint. Take the above In a wSne- 
gU^Kliil <>( twcctciiecl naiei. 

Engravings — to clean. — It lieiiuemly hnpiicns thut Tine engrav- 
ings, ilcspile the ears Inken of ihem, will In some tin accountable 
manner become stained and diny lo sucli on extent a» In scrlonuly 
liniwir ihclr beauty. To those who own engritvltifcs that hnvr been 
injured iti lhi« way, a simple rcdpc (or cIcAninK thrm will jimve of 
value. I'ul the cnjiravint; (•" h scnoiiih li'iurd mid rater il with a 
ibin layer of common nail, finely puhcriicd: then snueeic lemon- 
juice upon the ull until u cunsidmble portion of it I* dissolveil. 
After every part of the piciarc has been subjected to ihit ircainicni, 
elevate one end of the lionrd. ta that ii nlll form .'ui ann'e ut about 
(orty>6ve dcKrecB with the horixnn. From ii teakettle or other suita- 
ble vewel pour on the enuiavinK bni1in)c wBter. until the salt and 
lemon-juice be all washed off, Tne engrnvinK wilt then he perfectly 
clcnn and free from slain. It must be ddeO <in ihc boaid.oronanme 
arnoolh »uffHcr, uratlujilly. If dried hy the Arc ur iiiin. il will betinged 
with a dinijy. vflli)«i?h ('ilni. 

Engravings — to mount.— Look up nD your engtaTings and nice 
wiMiil cuts, und Itim Ihem oil evenly. At the stationer's you can fje\. 
H rheiip kind of Bristol board. Cut it up into two sites, one Isijte, 
and the "(her smnller. Make a smooth paste «( siairch. cover the 
back of the picture with il. takini; cure that the cdgen are all wet. but 
do not put on enough so that it will tiqueeie oul. Place it on the 
Ilrtsiol board, taking core to get it in the middle. Havca sheet (old* 
ed. rid lay the plclurr. face downward, on It. Ijiy a anft. thin cloth 
over it and picMiC n few ininutm with a hot iron, then turn it uror, 
and spTcid on the rliith a« before, and press till dry. 

EptlepijF— treatment of.— Prd. VS. H. Gobrcchi employed in the 
treatment of thlsdiiCAic the following: Sodie bromide, twoountri.; 
line bromide, lliiitylHO grains; glycerine, one ounve; ai|ua cinna- 
mania, seven ounce*. Dose. laMcspoonful three timett ft day in a 
ludf winegtanful ti water. 1'hii> n an excellent preicrtpiion. not 
only useftU in epilepiy, but in many diseases of the nervous system, 
eapecially when persons are sleepless and restless at night. One or 
two dOMS of this medicine will quiet the must excited lunatic. 

Epiaeotic — rontdy fer.~()ne of the simplest remedies lor the 
epiiootlc. it is satdj is a mixture of tnr and asofeUda. ten drops of 
which nrc given twice a day in the feed. Beside this a warm bran 
nuah once ■ *Uy t» recommended. 

ErupsioDS, Pimplts, etc.— core for. — Having in numberless in> 
•lances seen the good cllccts of (be following pieBCn'ptioit, I can c«t> 



WHAT EVERY OXE SHOULD KNOW. 



ns 



rify tn \\* prricci remedy: Oflulc corro»iv« sublimale wtth (h« oil ol 
ainnMids; apply it to ihc lac<: o(M:ii>.!iinnllj. and In a (ew dnysa cuie 
nrill be effccled. 

EtystpelM — treatment of. — Eryfipcliis n a peculinr, uoplcnMnt, 

And ircaucotly n (aiol dixur. paiiiculutly so when ll icMhra Ih^ 

I brain. Thnrc l» no doubt but Ihal cr^riipclas Is Infccilou* and inoc- . 

ulabie; il« piiwci nf Infeciion, however. Is noi very Krcat. and oAn 

CMiIy be prvrcnted tiy catvtul iilitcrvnnce <>( hyEi«nic laws. The 

most common form of the diwuw is the simple euiancous, nnd IhisU 

ihp kind upiin whi<ll we shall endeavor to enlighten our readers. Ii 

effccis all aite* and both ««c*. but more f[e<|uenily females, li «p- 

pean as ■ peculiar sprctulinic hut ciieuni^cribed rednevi of the skin 

wilb inflammaliDn and sonienliat derated conditioo. and is atnuys 

MMnded wiih (cvei. The tympioiiii' of ihc illtirate arc aching and 

('MTBDCM of (he tiinlis: cliills, alterniiiinK with lluhhes. »ickne^ ai the 

I Monmch. vomiting, reitleuneia, weakness, nppeaianceol eruption on 

fccond or thirdduy or catllci, and tlic disease is most dangerous in 

• (ace and scalp. 

The tr««imcnt Bhoulil be qitite itcnrmlly ionic, ihe Tood b'sht. hut 

nnlriliaua. beef-tea. OK^, milk, crenm. etc., and some stitnulanisniny 

, be advttniageously vsed. InlemiiUy. give the patient thirty drups 

tiacliire of petchloridc of Iron every (our houni; or, what is belter 

I Kitl. fClveihe fDllowInn: 

Iron and citrate quinine, forty K'''ins: ftlrichnine. onr-etRhth of a 
grain, mode into iwentj- pills. Give one pill every six hours; then 
palm (he surface over carefully fire or six times a day with collodion, 
(one dram; caBior oil two ounres. Use with ramcl'tuhalr biush. Af- 
ter the inflammatory •yympti>mA have tiubftiiled, the pulicni c^n have a 
a little brandy two or three limes uilay, and kochI. generous diet. 

Erysipelas — cure. — One pint of sweet milk and a handJul of poke- 
berry tiiotii, Thi« i» A sure cure. 

Essences — to make.— C^ences are made with one otince of any 
, Kiren oil. added to one pint Hkcihol, Peppermints are colored with 
^flncture tiirmeri<; cinnamon with tincture of redsandcrs; winterKrccn 
Wilh linclurc kmo. 

EsHBce— from Howeis. — Procure ft (guaniity of the petal » of any 
flowers which hikvc »n nittecable fr^ifrance; card thin layers of cotton, 
which dip into the dneit Florence or Lucca oil; sprinkle a small 
quantity of fine ult on the flon'ets -ilternately until an cnrUien vessel 
t»r widc-nidulhed kI"*-* bottle is full. Tic the top close with a bladder, 
then luy the vcmcI iri a south a.v{irct to the heat of the iiun, nod In 
fifleea days, when uncovered, a U&^jAn\ oil may bo squeezed away, 
leaving a whole mass quite cquii) ii> the hit{h-priced esfcnccs, 

Eisence from Flowers — how to extract.— Take any Dowers you 
^choose: place a layer tn a clean earthen pot, and over them a layer of 
Lfcie aah, Rciicat the procf«a unliltho pot is Slled; cover closely, and 
(place in the cellar. Forty days afterwards, strain the essence from 
liUic whole through a crape by pressure. Put the essence thus cuprest- 



1)6 



W/IAT KVEKY OXE SHOULD K}fOW. 



vd In H rtrar bottle, nnd eipciie il for »lx irrrks in the r^yg iif \\\t «uD 
sn<l rvriiliiii<Jri*, ("purify. Onrdrop of Ihie ct>»ci«:o will lominunl- 
caie ill od(>r \it a pinl of walcr. 

Essence of Roses. — Take four purti of clean freuli Icftvc* of tom 
flovcn-^damaik rooes arc besi^pul (hem Into a t.lll1 wllli iitoItb 
pad* ri( w.ttM, I>l8ill oft one-hull; reprat the pr.ifr**. and when a 
RulKciiriii qusiitily of (his liquid has been oblainrd. ii muM be uied m 
waicr upon fresh lose-leavcs. and ihc lame pro(«s mu*l be con. 
(Inued four or five limes unlll Ihc quantity dmiied is obulnert. If 
cafrfuliv done. Ihi* t-yscnre will be very poneriul, 

Eaieiilial Oil from Wood, BhUs, Roots, Herbs, etc.— Take 
b.ilm. mini, sage or tmy other herb. cli,. pul il into uboiile. and potir 
upon II a tpoonlul of elher: keep in a cool place a few houn, aad 
ihrn till the boiile wiih raid viaier: the essential oil wilt swim upon 
(he xurfut'e and may tie i-asily <cpBralNl. 

Etching on GlASS.~I>iiii:K<^(^' bellies, bar-iumblen, ti^s. and 
glaiswarc of ever description, can be Icllered in a beautiful stf !e of 
ail. by njmply giving the article to be engraved, or etched, a thin coat 
of engraver's varnish and Ihc applicntion ol Huoric add. Before do* 
ing Ml, Ihc Klau must be Ihoroujihty cti-anrd mvl belted, so that it 
can biudl)r be held. The varnish n Iben to be applied lightly over, 
and DiBde smooth by dabbing it with a small bnll of silk, filled with 
cotton. When dry and even, the lino may be traced on il by a sharp 
Mccl. cutting cl**r through the varnish to the glaM. The varnlHh 
must be removed clean frtim ckch teller. oibcrwi»c it will be an im- 
perfect job. When all is ready, pour on or apply Ihc fliiodc acid 
with a feather, filling each letter. Let il remain until it ctchc« to the 
(eiiui'rcl depth, ihen wash ofl wiih water, and remove the vaniUh. 

Elchinjr Varnlth.— Take of vlinln wax and a^iphaltum, each two 
ounces; oT bhick pilch and Burgundy, each one-half ounce: melt the 
wax and pitch in a new canhenware glaied pot. and add to ihcm. bjr 
degrcrs. the osphaltum. hnely powdered. Let the whole boil, slm- 
incriiig grodunlly, till such lime a*, taking n drop upon a plate, it will 
break when it i« cold, or ticndtng It iloulilc two or three timet be- 
tween the fingers. The varnish, being thru boiled enough, must be 
taken off Ibe lire. and. after it cools a little, must be poured into warm 
water th^i it may work the more easily with the hands, so as to be 
formed into balls, which must be luicdded, and put Into a piece of 
taffely for um. The sand blast is now In extensive use forornsmcnt- 



ins on glass. 



iyes (Bad>— to cure. — Dissolve two cenU' worth of refined while 
copperiu In a pint of spring water and put It Into a bottle. Wash the 
even in WArm walcr and bathe Ihem with ihe above tollon. He c.trc- 
ful thai n<inc of the lotion gelt into the inonlh. aii It Is {loinon. 

Eye— how to remoye a mole from.— To reni<ive a mote ft-im the 
eye. take n horsehair and double it. leaving a loop. If the iiio;e can 
be Men. lay the loop over it. close the eye. and the mote will -rome 
out u ibc hair if withdrawn. If ibc Irritating objea cannot bcseca. 



WHAT EVERY O.VE SffOCTlD kWOH'. 



IW 



r»i»F Ihc liil (it ihc eye nnd roll the ball iitounil » (nw ilme*; itraw out 
the hair: ih<; substance whicK muttnl su much piiin will l)C sure la 
come with ii. Thi* melhod is ptacUced by ax-makcrs niid oihef 
wotkrtu In Mcel. 

Eyes ilillUmed)— trMtment of.— Ht'onx, hal(a<lrain: cRinphor 
waiet, three cixmceft. The iibove himiile prescription U in common 
u«e by the hiMb»l medical nuthoritlei. It maltcs u uash imexcellcd 
for the ircniment i>f inSatnmallon of the eye*. In using ii lean the 
head bock and drop three drapt In the corner of each, and (hen open 
the eyu iiikI Irt it work In . U»e it t» often &« (he eyes feet badty. 

Eye Lotion.— Aceiiiie ni xinc, one-half dram; distilled waiei. ila* 
leen ounce*. Mix. and apply the lotion to the eyn with a piece of 
*ofl rag. 

Ej* Lotion— useful in cases of sore eyes,— Three ubleftpoonfuls 

of rold ^|l^in^; waiet, )nur iltnjis ••( ('.milord extract, two drops of 
laudanum, tiflfrri drupii ot brandy. MU these in u buttle, and bathe 
the eye* wiih .1 pitce o( 50I1 sponge saturated with the mixture. 

Eyelids ilnflamro&tloa of).— The (oUonlng oinlmeni hai been 
found vetv tieiii'ficiHl io li^fLuuitiailon of the eyeball and edges of the 
eyelids: Take of i»<:{^r<:d (ulmncl. one ticTuple: Spermaceti oinl- 
ment, ooe-half ounce; mix thrni well toijcther in a glass moriar; ap- 
ply a Km^ll quantity to each corner of the et'e every nighl and niom> 
tnK, and dlt>ti 10 the eilKe* of (he llitt If Ihcy are ailecied. If this 
should nr>t cvcnlunlly roittovc the i nil 11 rnmation, elder-flower water 
may be npplleil three or four times a day. by means of an eye-cup. 
The howeU should be kept in a laxative state, by talfing occasionally 
onr-ifuadcr OLnce of EpM>m t.tlts. 

Eyealght— to prolong the use of.— Sooner or later our cvesighl 
must become rtnpiiiied. Wboi lieKinnint; to use iilasset, use Uiem as 
■ihort a time us pc-snible. only ill deficient tight, ur on min.ite objects. 
Hy a judicious attrnllon 10 these two points, the ngeing of the sight 
will be rclariled yc.irk, And xi reading JK one of the luxuries of the 
SKe. and one of its inoit delightful pHxtimes, we cannot tw too care- 
ful i>f ihe eyeiight. and ihiiuld study how to husband Its powers. 

Eyesight— to strengthen.- Let there be an octaiionn! pressure of 
the niiKef on Ihc hall f>( the eye. Let Ihe pressure always.he from 
Ihe nose and tonanl the tcmptcs.and wash the eyes three timet atlay 
in cold water. If this simple advice is followed the day is not far 
distant when partial blindnesi shall disappear from the world. 

Ejrcs I Sore y— prescription for.- Sulpnate of ilnc, three grains; 
ttnrture <>< opium (laudanum), one dram; rose water, two ounces; 
mix. Put H drop or two in the eye two or three limes daily. 

a. Sulphate of line, acetate of lend, and rock salt, of each one-half 
ounce; loaf sugar, one ounce, soft water, twelve ounces; mix without 
beat, and uie as other eye waters. If sore eyes shed much water, put 
a little of the oxide of linr Into a phial of water, and use li rather 
freely. This will «oon cfleii a cure, Copperas and water has cured 
•ore eyes o( long standing; and ut>ed iiuita strong, it makes an cxcet> 



ijt n-HAT JZVF.ttY OXE SJIOVLD KyOW. 

lent spptlcaijon in crytipclas. Alum and ihe while of an cm I* 

Koori, 

Ey«a (Sorcl — iVA*h for. — DimoIvc tixtccn cmins o( itMatc of 

line in IiuH s. |>liil '.if st>lt water (roM walcr U bnt), nnd applf il ic 

Ihe cyl^s ^cvt^ikit limon a day- 
Eye Water (or Horses and Cattle— Alrohol. «ni> uliloixiiinful, 

GXlriii't •>( IriiJ, "iir lcii.i|>iii.iii(iil; laiii whiit. ixie-lmK pinl. 

Eyes— lo cure wealcneas. — Sulphate <>[ topper, fifteen grainn: 
OBQiphor, (our Ktains: lioilinit water, four ouncei; mii, Mraln. anil 
when c->V\. malic up lt> tour plntt with Huler; liatbc the eye nl||[hl antl 
(ni>riliri« ■■ illi a piirlioii of the mUllire. 

EyesiWeakh- remedies for. — i. When llie eyes nr* weakened or 
diflteised by over excnion. few remedies will be found more efle^Itwl 
than bathing Ihcm every murnin); with clean ipring water. In which 
hM liecn plaecd jiiM f<ii(li<^irnt brandy in inalcL- the niixiuie rauie n 
Bli|;hE NtinitinK xentaliun when applied ici llie rye*. 'I'hiit wnlt 
brand y-and-wnlcr loijon may be kept ready minted in a buttle. 
Another uteful eye water U tnodc by mixing forty drops of laudanum 
with two tables pnonfu In of mltk. and the name qiutntily i>f Hater. 

J. There vs no beller terijic for curinn weak eye», !t Is saUl, than 
cold water. Sluice plenirfully. nut only the eye*, but the cart, es- 
pecially the orifice. 

Fact* Worth Knowing- — Thai aoh fiib are quickoM and be«i 

frMhi'ncd by koakiiiK in i^i^iir oillli. 

Thaicold rain wnier and 'oap will r«iDOve machine greaM (rora 
wathable (abrici. 

That tiiix niay be icalded much ea«ier by fim dippini; them into 
tiollinK wain for a minute. 

Thatfreiih nir»l, tirKinninii to iiour. will iwccten It placed out o( 
doors In the cool air over iiiichi. 

Thai milk which has changed may W sweetened or rcndenxl fit tor 
U*e nt[)dn by utirrlng In a little loda. 

That boiliuic Aiarch is much Improveil by the addttlmi of uperai or 
salt, or both, or a Utile cum Hr«l>ic, diMolved. 

That a ublespoonful of turpentine, boiled with yunr while clolliu, 
will Kreaily aid the vrhitcninic process. 

That kcnMcne will toften boni* and ulinea ihot have been hardened 
by water, Hnd will render thera pliable m new. 

That clear bollinit water will remove tea »Uina. \*a\xt Ihe water 
tbraugh the stain, and thua prevent ll* spreadlni; <iirr the fabric. 

That salt » III curdle new milk, hence in pie^uiing milk porridge, 
fraviea, etc.. the salt should not be ailded until the >lUh is prcpar«<I. 

That kerOMHc will niiikc yiir tea-kritlc a» bright a» new. Sntu- 
rMe a woolen rai; and rub with it. It will kIhii (tiniive M»lafi fiuni 
the clean varnished furniture. 

That blue ointroeot and kerosene. mlx«d In eqtu) proportions and 
applied to beadatcada. I« an imlaillng bug remedy, arid tW a coat «1 
whicewwb is dhlo lor a log houM. 



IVI/AT SV£JIY OXP. StfOVf.f} A'AVIt'. 



'31 



Tliwr benwax luiil ult will m»kc your rusty floi-irom ns clron and 
M amoolh an xluss. Tie m !uni|) ul wax in a r^ and keep It (or ihaC 
purpow. When ihc irons ate hot ruli Ihcm fir»i with the wax ra([, 
■hen scour Ihcm wirh n pnpcr nr doth tprinklcd witli suit. 

Pttcadet (Sti>n«>— to clean.— 1i huM bcto :wci:naincd ttaai the ^« 
i>( wilier iliripwn tnini a Mtvim firr-^iK'nc has the power of mnoviDK 
the discdluraiicn )>roiluccil by the smubc. wilhout injutinK the face of 
the Hone. The work is done from ihc ground, the force of ihc mtriirn 
throvn by the iic.-im hre-cn^nc being quite nulhcjeni to rffrcl the 
necnuBry cleAiixin^, 

Pvin impleincnts — to prevent decay of. — When not in use have 
■hem. sheltered irom Ihe sun, wiml. ruin, mill snow. By this meaiu 
•leighs. w.igoot. carls, ploURhs, ihrchinK-rtiiichine*, hnrr<iw». and the 
like, would loiil twice lu long a« Ihcy would if left In the <ipi:n ^ir, 
direllintc from ninii'turc one vieelt, and shrinking the next f(iim the 
inlliieiice of the sun xnd wind, 

FeatherB— to wash and eml. — Wwsh in nnrtn soap-suds andrlnxc 
in water a very little liiued, if the feuihrr is white, then let the wind 
dry ll. When the (iiil hnh onir out by w.ishing the (ejilher or ijet- 
llitlt it dtimp, ]iUir :i h<-l 1iul-if>in ■•> liiiii >ou c;>n hold lliu (entlier 
just above il while nirliiii;. Tiike a l-iHir "! silver knife Jind dran,- 
ihe libers of ihe fcnthtr btlivccn (hr llium'i -md the dull cdi^ of the 
knife, taking not more than three fibers ut a lime, beginning at the 
point of (he feather nnd rurllng onc.half the other way. The hoi imn 
makcft the curl more clurHbk. After n lliilc prncitce, one tan innkc 
Iheni look as well «s new fealhers, When swnni down becomes 
soiled it cnr> be washed and Ioi>k as well as new. Tack strips on a 
piece of muxlin nnd waih In warm water with while soap, then rlntc 
and hans in the wind to dry. Rip from the muiUn and rub carefully 
Iwtween the fingerB to suflrn ihc lealhor. 

Feathers— to dye diRerent colora.^^Hi.ACK, — Immerse for two or 
three days in n b.ith, at (itst hoi. of logwood, e:ghl parts, and copperas 
or neclatc of iron, one part. 

Hl.Vi'.. — With (he iiidiRO vat. 

Bruw.s. — Uy using iiny of the brown dyes for silk or woolen. 

CaiMsoN. — A mordani of alum, fnllnwed liy a hut bath of Mraiil 
vrootl, aficrwords by n weak dycot cudbear. 

PtSK »>K R'»H-— With Mif'flowef, or lemon mice. 

PlPw. — WilU (he red dye. followed by no alkaline hoih. 

Rrd. — A mordant of alum, follone'l by a bath of Itraxil-wood, 

Ybixow.— .A mordant of alum, followed by u Imih o( (uimcric or 
weld. 

Ghkrv, — Take III verdlR'i* nod verdlter. of each one ounce; gum 
water, one pint; mix them well and dip the feathcia (they having l«ca 
finl soaked in h-L-t water) into the said mixture. 

Vvufi r, — Use lake and indigo. 

Csaskjins. — Vermilion and smnlt. Thin gum or starch waief 
should be uacd in dying leaiheri. 



140 



H'ffA T EVER y O.V£ SltOOtD A'XOH'. 



Pebrifugc Wine .^Quinine, iwcnijr-fitv K'3i">*: <ral«r. one plot; 
fulpnuric a(i(l. liflccn ilropi; cpKini »all». two oun<cs: <olor with 
tinccnre of red zanders. Dose: A wine kIb>* Ihrcc ilinet per lUjr. 
Thtit It s woild-rcnonncd mcilldne. 

Fc«(BCh«— pAnacca for.— When your vork is Knishnl nil duvn 
wiih yrruc (t'cl in oa hot w.ilrr a* on be borne, adding waicr if con- 
Tcnicni for u ItmR n lime a* pojaiblc. Thrrc or (our (imeii will 
cAert n can-, nnd you will nul l<e iroublcll again in a gnml wlillr. 

Fe«l iCoWi— cure for— T'c n (noi-bkith rJifh nijjhl nf tnW wawr. 
wiih i"iij>"uinl« <■( tullct'B f jrlh diMolvcd in wiiler. 

Feet (Blistered*— remedj tor. — A (tood remedy for (cei bllticrcd 
(rum long v.ilkiiiK; Rub Ihc feci, nt going tu bed, with kplrliR mixed 
wl(h tnllovv dc»ppcil frixn a lighted ciindle Into ihe pilni ■>( the hHnd. 

Fclona, Boil* — simpl* remedy for.— Frlon». whieh xrc usual I f . 
iTTri-d " Whilknr" by phyiikUnv are n very |iainlu1 and often u \ttj \ 
9eriiiii% affection of itie finsen. Kenetally of the last lolnU. anil (■flcnj 
ne.ir of involving the lull*. At Ihc nngcri are much cx|>iHnl iqJ 
bruises, (clonit are tjuilc common amonK llione nho c»n»lnntly n»* 
)hH[ Ii.iiidsai hard worli. If alli<wc<l in coiiiinue until mjilirr (pun) 
fiiniis, and the iii^riu'leuni or bunc «heHlhin;: is affected, loorlnK it 
netewnry; but if taken in time, a simple uppi lea lion of copal vamiiJi. 
covering It ulih a Iiandage. U highly temoimendeil. If Ihc varnlih 
bcciinm ilty and iiiiplcoMintly hard, a little frci.ti varniah may lie an* 
plicil (r"m t'inic in time. When a cure 1» effected. Ihc v«rni»hiBeiutiy 
remiit'cd by tubliint; into it a little lurd and wiiahinK with soap noil 
water. Dr. A. B. Itham suKk-csti the u»c of copal vambh for felons, 
" ruii-uroundt." bolU, nnd any local acute inflammation ot ciiem^t 
parts. 

FcloD — cuie tor. — The London l^nnl nlvca tne (ullowiiii; cure tor 
bone-felon: " Ai luon as the disease I* felt, put directlyover the spot . 
a flvblivter about Ihe site of viiur thumb nail, and let it remain fori 
>ix liouii, at the expiration ol^ which lime, directly under Ihe auiface 
i>f the biiaier may lie seen the felon, which Cftn be IntiBiitly lalcoo out 
wllh ihe point ot a needle or a lancet," 

Felons -remedies tor.— i. Take «. skimk llljr r<mi. jr^te it with a 
conrtc Bf'iier, moisicn with Baler, change twice a day. Skunk lily, 
or load Illy. a« tome call It. grows in wet land and hai a yellow Aairer 
wilh black epiit» on the leave*. 

1. The pith from llie bacfelioiie ot a calf. Chauue twice a day. 

y Keep the lore wet with tincture uJ lobrll*. Either of Ihc above 
remedie* will cure a feUin. 

4. I( lobcUacan not be conveniently obtained, rock >allpulver)ied. 
alter being dried In an oven and mixra with an equal [an of turpen- 
tine and applied frequently, will det^iroy a felon in iwcnty-tnur 
hour*. 

Felon*— it reccat, to cure in six hours.^Venirc turi>(f>ilinc. "no 
aimee: am! put Into It half a leupounful of water, and stir with a 
lOUKh "lick until tl>e toatA look* like candied honcyi then spread « 



Wll.4r EVKRV OiV£ SIIOVID KNOW. 



MI 



good out oil n cloth, nnri niiip uroiin'l Che flriKcr. If therane ii only 
Icccni, il will remoTC iho puin in six houre. 

Pclon Salve. — A salve made \ty biifning ooe itntpoontul ot cop- 

pcrxt. then pulvcrixlng II Kiid mixing It wiih the yolk of an egg. Ii 

hU Ii> r«li«vc Ihc pHln. nnd cure (he (ciun in iwcnty-four lioiir«: iht-n 

'twol with cream lw<i purls. »ni] soft ROAp one pxrl. Apply llic hcHlini; 

talve <Liilv after •oakini; the purt in warm WBler. 

PcIOA Oiolmenl-— Take iwect oil. oac.hall plnl. and ntcw a Ihree- 
cciil plUK i>( tubucco in it until Ihc tobacco K cnipnl; thnn )>queeic il 
tout, and add ml Iciul. one ounce, and lioil until black; when u lillla 
cool, add pulveriied camphor v.\it(i. one ounce- 
Fence Posti—to roalce durable. — I dixovered m.-in)- yean aga 
(hM wood could be mode to lui longer than Iron in the itcourtd, but 
thuuKhl (Itr pixrcitii ki> clmple anil iiicxpcn»lvc that it wh» not w<irlh 
while le muke any mIi Hbnui ii, I would as soon have poplar, bois. 
wood, or quakins aitU. as any uthei kind of tttnber for fence posts. I 
have taken out Duswood po»t» after having been i^el leven years, 
which were lu sound when taken out as when they were drsi put in 
(he i-rnund. Time nnd weather teemed to have no effect on them. 
The posts can be prepared (or less than (wo cents a piece. This In 
'the recipe: Take boiled linseed oil and stir it in pulveritctl charcoal 
to the con»l»tency of paint: Put a eo.il of this over the timber, and 
.there !•• rmi .1 m*n that will live to see it rotten. 

FeruB— varieties and trejttment.— I should like (o suv to the 

' person who uiihei tLi kitow oli^i lerni can be )^uwn in the house, 

(hat I have hod for three winters, in a furnace heated parlor, very 

handsome plants of Aspidium molle and Adiantum cuneaium; nnd I 

.bave a friend who has Plerls trcmuin, looking as ml-II m. It conid in a 

I green house. I also Ituoiv that Plerls liaKtata d»c^ well in the house: 

•o doei the lapanese climbing fern and Lygcidium icanduns. All re. 

quire to tie ^ept conifortablj warm, not too wet. and seldom sprinkled 

''■-jud often enough to keep them clean. 1 have found that wettinK 

ific fuliUKc »flrn causes !( 10 turn block. 

Ferns— to pmerre — I (rci|uenlly see directions for bleaching 

(ems, but in the (all of the year we have no difficulty in finding ihem 

prellj' enough without that trouble. Besides the white, there nre 

EWlruw color, pea green, and manjr beautiful ihailct of brown. Soon 

^lor icatheiing. Iron thrni with a not 100 hot Iron, which haa been 

' wajted with cnmnion yellow beeswan. If intended to frame or wanted 

1(1 be perfectly Qai. iron until dry. Frame with black velveteen or 

cloth for a background, eiibcr nitn or without a mat. For bouquets 

for vase* or similar decorations. I think they arc nicer not to b« 

Iroocd petfccily ilrj'; ihcy will then be curled and droopini; a little. 

Ltnuch more (jtacefui and niiiiiral; autumn leaves can be treated in the 

■■amc wai- and remain on the brandies if desired. 

Fem-c'ase—to make.— This fcrn.casc consists of three lior» croKied 
at the top and (iwlennl into a Iriangulai base. A biiitkct i» i-u«[ieiide<t 
(nm the conic/ of (ho caae, and the baao ia decorated with sballih 



Ma 



WJIAT kySRY ONE SHOULD XHOW. 



acoms, or corala. The be« method ol mnkinf; thi* cue i« to have 
the baie first miule or wood, then lined with tine. The sldc« thould 
hoM gloss neatly filled into ihe li.-in, ihu-« InclotifiK the plant* from 
tile outer nir. The height thoiilil bciilinui three (eel. and wldihoi 
biuc two feet on each »iile. Any floriul cnn luppiy ferns (or t>u(h a 
•truciur«. Cho(i»c only the ^iniilkr flowing sortt. and avoid thoac 
which branch widely. 

Fenu— omameatal uses of.— Bleached skcleion feriw may be laid 
HI phi>i<i|{t;t|ih book cover*, u'ooilcn (ray*, and blollinic books, aiul 
VHrnishcil, They liKik »[HTi»lly well <>n black painted wood, when, 
If laid close toc'lher. ihey resemble un inlaying of Ivory. A plain 
table with one drawer, inaket quite a prelly writing table by suining 
It blarh, and then layinu the (crn* on a bortler around the t''|>. and 
around tbe drawer. The (em* can al»o be applied to velvet frames, 
when the whole should be rovereil with while lulle of the finest aod 
most Invisible descripllon. A blue vplvei-rovered board for ptacinn 
In a firepUce during the summer, may have a center bouqaet of akcle* 
t»n (em*. lightly covered with lulle. and a border ol lace quite at Ihe 
nlKC. 

Fern Work. — The hanilaomc Hrtiele« that cume under this head 
are mute simplv by pinning ferns or Icaveti. in any form desired, upon 
while cloth. nn<l diawin*; a comb through a small brush oi indciiMe 
ink, t>ii that nilnuie particles will be scattered over the cloth, Upon 
removiim Ihe (crn* their Im^xcMtion, uncolored. i* di*ti"Cl, Duylies 
made in this wny are charniini;. Pnper hanging »nd other wall oraa- 
tnenls nre made of nhtie p.niier. and spotted with common ink. Gilt 
paper con be uted with fine effect. 

Fevw— ttt <ool.— For a fever patient, break ice Into »ery miull 
pieces and mis with the aaine quantity of lemon jelly, alio cut up 
•mall. It is refti-shinif. 

Fever — to relieve. — Where a child has a simple (ever from teeib- 
Ing or any other cause not connected with acute disease, give a lea- 
apoonful <>f *ynip of rhubarb, a warm Injecllon, ami kponnc bath*. 
'niese will Kfocrally be all thai !« needed. 

Fever and Ague^xura for.— One-half ounce spirila nitre, one-half 
ounce tincture pepper. Ihirty-hve grains quinine, one pint of brandy. 
Take a vlncglostful three times a day. one-half hour before meal*. 
It for a child, give only half (he quantity. 

Ferw and Ague— cure.— A gentleman rrtx^ntly (rom Cenlnil 
America {a great place for the ^akcs) M.f\t that he ban seen many 
obstinate cases cured by wearing finely pulverlicd ruck salt between, 
the feel and stuckiiiKs. Wo cannot vouch for the value of this remedy, 
but consider il worthy of trial. 

Fever Drink.— There ii no more refreshing drink In ca(e* o( (ever 
than weak Krren ten. with lemon juice added instead of milk. It may 
be taken riilirr c<il<l or h<>t, but the Utter U preferable. 

F«»«r (Scarlett— tteatmeot,— Keep all who have never had the 
<11iiiiiiii away (lotn the bouse. If (wsHblc. send other children awuy. 



WHAT sp-EKV o\-H snovin know. 



»4J' 



Do not tclim ihc pniient. Bod keep oihen from (loinK ko. Rubbinff Ihe 
.body with vMcllnc. or oil. will allay ihc Itching. The patient should 
'be Icrpt in b<il tiiilil llic skin h;i» ilonc perKntc. anil in hln room (or 
two K'eclci longer. Keep him niriiy from olhrr tiirmlicrt of ihc 
family (or a month from ih« beji^nnint; of thp <ljscu«e. Avoid vx- 
po*urc lu tolit. md rnrefully obey the physieiun's orders. 

Fever (ScAiletl— tr««tineiit of.— An cmincni phyticJAn My* he 
eurcs riinelyniTiri'Ut of rvtn* htimlrrd CHacHi>f*e«ilcltevctby({l»ln(i 
Ihe patient trarin lemonnde with Riim uiabic tlitoolved in it. A <1(ilti 
wrung out In hot water and laid upon the stomach should be removed 
M rtt|iidly A.« It iM-comca cuoi. Id coxen vherc physicians arc not 
^eaiiily olniiinftble. nimpk reiTiedira arc not to be despitcil. 

Fever (Scarlet). — Scarlet lever is an ucuie inflummaiion of the 
»kin. both external and internal, and connected with an infcctiou* 
lever. 

^mfltmi. — The fever shows iucif between two and ten days after 

sxpoture. On Ihe second day of Ihe (ever Ihe eruption comes out 

in minuiepimplet. which are cither clustered tuijcther. or spread over 

the furfnri.- In a gi-ncral bright scttrlet color. The disease hcgini with 

, lonKuot. piilnik in ihc head, back, and llnibt, ilTonunes*, nausea nnd 

~ehill«. (iilk'weil by heat and thirst. When Ihr redness nppcart, the 

Ipulse ii quick, und ihe patient is retticM. anxious and often deliriou*. 

FThc eyes are red, the (ace swollen, and the tongue covered in the 

■inlddte w ilh uhilc mucus, through which are neco cIcTated pointi of 

exircme redncM, The loniiU are Kwollen and the ihtnal is red. 

By the evening of the third or fourth dsy the redncM has reached its 

^height, and the skin bci:ome» moisi, when the scarf-skin begins to 

hUc oR in «calcs. 

In Ihia fever Ihc I^cth puffs up so ns lo distend ihc finders, and 

disllguie Ihe Iscr. As it pionreKses, the costing knddenly conMs 

the tongue, Icavinf* il and Ihe whole mouth ruw and tender. The 

thfoui is very much swollen and inflamed, and ulcers form on the 

tonsils. The cudachian tube which extends up to the ear. ihr glands 

under the cm nnd jnw. (omctime* inflame and brcAk; and the sb* i 

•cesses formed in Ihc c.ir (rr<|iienlly occasion deafness, more or leMi| 

dilGcDli to cure. The symptoms of this disease may be known frnm 

thai of oieulos by ihc at«cnce of cough, by the finer rath, by lu 

scarlet color, by the rath appearing on the second instead of Ihe 

(ounhday.and by the ulcerMion o( the throat. 

TrtaimiHl. — In ordinary cases the treatment required is very simple. 
The room where the patient lies should l« kepi tool, and the bed- 
covering Ughi. The whole body should be sponged wllhcool wnicrM 
often OS It be<>omcs hot and dry. and cnolinK drink* should be admin- 
Islercd. A few drops ol bellsdonna, nighl and morning, is all that is 
needed. 

1( there U much fever and soreness of throat, give the following 
tinclufc of hellebore often enough to keep down Ihe pulse: 
Tincture ol Ametinm helleborr, one dram; tincture of black CO- 



144 W^'-* ?* ^t'JSKy OffE SHOULD KNOW. 

ho»h, iwo ounetB: mix. T*fcc one itaapoontui three lo six times a 
dav. 

It would aXta he useful to tominccice IreAlmeni iilih an emctle, 
txA to »okk the (ccl anil hand* in hot water conlfliniiijc a little 
musuinl or caymne (icppcr. coiitinuinK this bath tneiity minute*, 
twice a day. for two or three ilnjrs. The cold stage beinc passed, 
and ibe fever having set in, narm naier may be U9.cd nlthoui the 
miUUrd or pepper. 1( the head Is aflccie<l. put ilialtt upiin the 
f«*i: and If ine boweU be rosiivc. kIvc a tniI4 ph}-i.ir. Solid food 
shuuld not be allowed: tiul when the (ri'cr Dels in. coolmi; drink*, 
such as lemonade, tamaiind water, riie water, Simced leu, then 
gruel, or cold water may be Kiven in reasoDablc qiuuiiiiles. To 
atlmiilalc the skill, muriatic acid, foriy-ftvc drops In aiumlitcr Itlled 
with water and swreletied. and itlven in do*e« of a teaxpnonful, is a 
good remedy. 

Where the disease is very violent, and the patient incliocd to sink 
Intnedialely; where typhoid symptoms appear and there is Krcat 
proilration. the eruption strlltes In. the skin r.hangct. to a m^hoKuny 
color, the tongue ii a deep red, or has on it a dark brown fur. and 
the ulcers In the throat become putrid, the ircalincnl must be dillcr- 
eniffOD) the above. In this case it must be tonic. Qulnla must be 

ven frrely; and wine whey, mixed with toast water, will )>e utiefal. 
luinia i« made as follows; Sulphate of quinine, one scruple; alcohol, 
lourounces: sulphuric Acid: Ave dro|M; Madeira wine, one quart; 
mix. Two wincBlasstuLi a day. Tincture of cayenne in sweetened 
water, may be given in small doses. Gargles arc also necessary. A 
sood one IS maile of pulvcriied ciyenne, one dtiun; siili, une dram; 
Soiling HMlrr. one K'H: mix, and let them kiandhf tern minute*. Then 
add one K'H vincKar. Let It Stand ah hour aed strain. Put a tea- 
spoonful in the child's mouth once an hour. A warm haih should 
be used dally «a soon as the skin bcxins to peel off. to prevent 
drupAy. If dropsy sets In. the bath once in three tiays U Btitnclent, 
and sweating should be promoted by givinic <he llnrliire of Virninia 
snake-root and similar articles: a generous did shf>uld be aJluwcd at 
the fcjinic ilnic, lu brint; up the child's sirtngtb 

Fever (Typhoid I— symptoms. — It is Beoetally prccedc<l Uy several 
days of languoi, low spirits, and indisporftlontocxerilon. There Is 
«||H> nni^ly sonve pxin in the back and head. Iocs of appetite, and 
drowslneas. though not real. The disease show* itself by a chill. 
During the first week there is increased heat ot the surface, Itequenl 
pulse, lurrrd tongue . restlessness, sleeplessness, headache, and pun la 
the b«ck; someiimes dianhnui and swelling of the belly, and some- 
times nausea and vomiting. 

The second week is uflen distinguished by small, rose-colored spoil 
on the bejly, and a crop of little walcty pimples on the neckond cfaMt, 
having the appearance of minute drops of sweat; the tongue Is dry 
and black, or red and sure, the lerlh are foul, there may tie drtirtum 
and dullncM of bearing, and svmptoms ever}- way an morv serioua 



mur Evr.RY oyp. shoi/ld awow. 



us 



lh>A dniiog (be liisi ircck. Octosiunally, Ihe boweU at ihli period 
uo perfotaicd or c^icn through by ukvraiion, and the patient sud- 
denly »lnlM. It the diwMc ptDceeds unfavumlily Into the third week. 
there ii low. mulIerittK dHlrium, Rreat cxhnuslion, filidingdnnn nil 
I he pniient lunard the (uolot Ihc lied, twilchiiii^of the musdet.tileed- 
lnK of (lie bowels, and red ot purple tpol5 upon the sktn : if, un the 
(ilhrr hand, the patient Itnprova, the countcnaoM brighten* up, the 
piitie tnodcrates. ibe Innipie cleuis, uid the dltcharite* tnok hcnilhy. 

Tnatmtnl. — Give the pniiciK K<>ud air. *ad frequent iipnnitInK* wi(h 
wotct. cold or tepid, us moot aureeable. Keep llie buwcls in orilcr, 
nod be more afraid of diarrh<ra than costivcoeM. Diarrhira should 
be rMtralncd by a little bmndy, or by repeated dosei of Dover's 
powdvr. Fur cu*|[venc««, jfive mild injcciion*, mndc stiRhily li«)»oi>- 
ing by ca»tur oil. Or Common molaMM. To keeii down the fever, and 
produce perapirslion. gi%'e tincture of verulrum vrride. icn dropi 
every hour. If Ihe bowels nre swelled, relieve them by hot fomcnin- 
(lon* of hoptnnd vinegar. II the pain In the head Is very severe mid 
congtant. let (he hair be cut shoti, and the head bathed fieiiucntly 
with cold vater. Give liRhi nourliliDieftt, and it the debility ii great, 
broth and wine wilt be needed. Cleanse the mouth with vet)' weaJc 
tea — old hyson. If (he fever runs a low course, and the pBilciit I* 
very weak, quinine may be given from the beglnnlns. Constant care 
and good nursing ate very important. 

Typhus fever is itistini;ui»hed (lom typhoid by there being no 
m.irked disease of the bowels in typhu*. 

Fig Paste — how to malu. — TaLc twelve pound* of wheat »tafch, 
and one hundred pounds of " A " augnr. or in that proportion: to 
that amount of augar add half an ounce to one ounee of acetic acid, 
after the nugnr is dissolved in sullicient water lu thoroughly ditsolvo 
it; add to (he s[ar<h enough waieKo thoroughly wet it up, and add t( 
to (he iliuotved t'Ugar; bod over coal fire in a copper keltic till done, 
then turn oui In pnnii or moulds grcn*ed irith beef »uet. Stir con- 
Manfty from the lime Ibe starch H put in till ii i» taken oH the fire, 
or it will bum. L'se a sharp^dged wood paddle to stir with. t( must 
be thoroughly eooked. or it wfiT soon becorae dry and hard. When 
cooked enough It remains »oft, Heslble and lough for monlhs, Lem- 
ofl or other liAvorlng may be ttlrred In just after l( Is taken oil of the 
fire. 

The iibuve might be reduced down to the following proportions. 
and the "figpasle" made Jn a preserving kettle: Half pound of 
surch, four pound<^of " A"sugar. one tcaspoonful of acetic acid or 
vlni-gar, Ttavnt wiib a few drops of estrenceof vanilla. 

Founder— cured in twenf^-four hours. -~Buil or steam stout 
oat-siraw fur hiilf an huur. then wmp ii around the horse's leg quite ' 
hot; cover up with wet woolen rags to keep in the steam; in t^ix hours ' 
renew the application, take one gallon of blood from the neck vein, 
and ijive one auari lln*ced oil, He may lie worked the next day. 

Ffiiit (Bottled),— BoiUed fniit bought al store* is to Keiicralty 



146 



WHAT El'BRY OXE SHOULD KffOW. 



kd lilt crated wilh copper, which l« a deadly poiton. and which inrnMl* 
IMC of lu Kivt u bri^lit RTi-cn aiipcMrsnce to iIir Irult. that wc would 
strongly adviiE all c.-irrful huunckcc|icrt l<i IhiIIIc ftuil fi)r IlicmseU'ei 
The lollowing Id Mr, Soddinglon's recipe: " The Ituit is lo he 
galhered before it Is loo ripe, ihe bottle* arc lo be well filled with !l, 
and closely corked; Ihey are tiexi to \x placed in a v«kcI containing 
colli nalor. whieb should mich hh liiKh «« (he nccic* of llie bolllev; 
Iml i< then to be applied, and the tctii|icraluro rkised from one hun- 
dted and sixty lo one hundred and ievcniy deitrees, and mainlolncd 
at this lor half an hour; laxity, the botilcv ate lo be lilled to within ait 
inch of Ihe corks with lioilingt watct; they aic lobe well corked iiniDc- 
diately. and liud upon tbeii sides. «u lh*l llic vrilet intiy swell the 
corlci. whereby the entrance of the uir will be eflectually prevented. 

Fruit Tree*— how to protect Erom mice.— Take tar. one pan; 
lallow. three part<>: niin. Apply hot t» the birk of the tree witlt a 
point brush. 

FilCB And R*.sp»— lo re-cut. — The wi>iti ^ilet ure first cleaned with 
poluh and hot water, after which Ihey are led for five minuteit in a 
nolution compoccd of one part of nilphuric acid and seven paru of 
water; a quantity of nitric acid etjual lo the sulphuric is then lulded to 
Ihe solution, nnd as much water nlso. anil the files ate left in the solu- 
tion for about forty minutes longer. They ani now ready for use, 
but. if to be iioied. they must be hnished over with a little oil or 
grcMc to prevent rD(iln|{. The fAt» ore not nllowed to touch each 
other in tlie «ululion. beinK supported by their lanp only. In order 
lo obtain Ihe most complete result* possible, the proportions of acid 
*re varied according to the site of the files; for example, (or largo 
lilei, one.slxth acid; for bastard lilet. one-eighth. ooe-nJnth, lo one- 
eleventh; and (or the finest, one-twelfth to one-tbl nccnth. 

Fllia — to r«-aharp«D.~ Remove (he grea«c and dill from your 
files by wnnhinK ilirm in warni potash water, then wnsh them in 
warm water, and dry with artificial heat: nem. plate one pint warm 
woicr in a wooden iresiwl, and put in your filei, add iwo ounce* of 
blue vllirol. Ancly pulvcflied. two ounces borax, well mlxe<l. t,ltkini( 
rare l» turn the files over, so Ihal each one may come In eonlitrt wllh 
the mixliuc. Now add seven ounce* sulphuric acid and one-quarter 
ounce cider vinegar to the above mixture. Remove the file* after k 
short lime, drj', sponge ihcm with olive oil, wrap Ihetn up in porou* 
paper, and put oiiidc fur use. Coarse file reiguire to be immersed 
liiTiKcr Ihnn fine, 

FtlicTM Work on SUver—to cle«a.^A loothlmish is jtisi the 
thing Tat cleaning the filigree of jeweler, and will answer aa well for 
silverware. 

Filling Compotition for Painter* and Grutwrs Um — (i> kind*). 
—1, Work finished in oil tihould lecrivc a substamint niling consist- 
ing of equal ports by wcit-ht of whltiiiR. plitatcr ol I'uris. pumice- 
stone, nad Ikhorgc, to which may he ad-Jed A littie French yellow, 
■sphtdlutn, Vandyke brown, and urra di liimiu. Mix with one pan 



WllA T E VER V OKE SltOVlD KNO W. 



Ml 



Kmn. tiro of boJIcil oil, and (our of lurpcnilne. Criinil fine in a mill. 
)' ihc fillinK o" *'>■'■ ^ liruth, luli il in well, let il sel Iwciiiv min- 
ulc3, (hvn ruli oFt cleun. Lc[ i[ harden for Home lime, rub amouih, 
and. if Ttiguircd, repeat the process. When ibe litltng ii aJl tighl, 
finihli iviih linsccd oil, applying with a brush, wipe ofl. mid rub to n 
piilish Willi Aiir coUbii, nnd liniih with any Anr ftihiir, Sr>mr ml 
with rye Hour, wheat Hi'iir. cum nlnnrh. I'liri* while, clt., urtiuml fine 
In o)i and lurpentiffie. but when work is tu be varnished, such tilling 
should previously receive on« or two good cools of shellac. 

3. Hoilcd llnteed oil, one quart; turpenitne. three qusTt*; com 
sl*rcb, Ave pound*: jnpan, one quart; calcined maKneoiH, two ounen. 
Mix IhorouRhly. 

3. Whiting, sin ounces: japan, one-half pini; boiled Unseed oil, 
thtce-fnurlhi pint; turpentine, one-half pint; com tilarch. one ounce: 
mix n>ell tof>cihei and apply to the wood. On walnut wood Hdd ti 
liiile homed umber; on Cherry a tittle VenetUn wA, to the above 
mi^iure. 

4, On furniture apply a com o[ boiled linseed oil, then Immediately 
sprinkle dry whiting upon it, and rub It in well with your hand or a, 
«till hruHh. hI! nvcf iheturfaee; the whiting ab*i>ib« the oil. and Allt ' 
the pores of the wood completely. For biseic walnut, add a, llttl* { 
burned umber to the whilinE: fur cherry, :i little Venetian rvd, etc., 
according to the color of the wood. Turned work can have it npi- 

iilled while in motion In the laihe. Furniture can afierwatd be fin- 
■bcd with only one coat of varnlnh. 

J. Terra nib* is a very i-Dtid and very cheap lillinK. Many paint- 
ers have been most shamefully linpoHcd on by parties setlinc the stuS 
*t a high price. 

6. FuKMTrNK PAITK.-C.— Beeswax, splriu of lurpcnilne and Unseed 
oil, cqu^l pans; tnelt and cool, 

7. ticeswux, fourouncei; turpentine, ten ouncci; alkaoet root to 
color; melt and strain. 

8. Beeswax, one pound: linseed oil. fiTe ounce*; atkonet roo4, one- 
hatf ounee: melt and add live ounces turpentine: strain and cool. 

ij. Beeswax, four ounces: resin, one ounce; oil ■>( Iiarpcniine, two 
ounces; digest until sutScienlly colored, then add beeswax till dis> 
solved, then aild beeswax scraped small, four ounces; put the vessel 
into hot water, and stir till dissolved. \l wanted /<i/i- the alkanel rooi 
Vhould lie omiited, 1 

ID. (While). White wax, one pound: liquor of potaua, mie-hidt^ 

Hon; boil 10 a proper lonsistency. 

II, Beeswax, one pound; soap, one-quanet pound; pcarlosh, thiee 
ptinces, dissolved In Hater, one-half gallon; strain and Ijoil lu lh«j 

It. Yellow wax. eighteen parts; resin, one pari; atkanct root, ons. 
art; turpentine, six p.irts; linseed oil, six pans. First steep the 
ilkanet in oil with heat, and, when well colored, poui off the clear on 
the other insrcdiciit*. and again heat till all arc diM«lved. 



t4« 



WHAT BVEKY ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



I}. PuRMTViiK Crkah. — Bccswut, one pound; Hoap. rourounCM; 
pcsriasb. iwo ouixes; soft wMer, <>nr Kti'vii; bnil togelheT until 
mixed. 

Finger-iwil Wash — Dr. ."Scott'* wath to whiten the noila. — 
Diluted sulphuric acid, two drami: liiKiurc of mvnh, arm dram: 
■prinK vaicr, four ounra MU. Plrtt clcuixc vridi whilr luap.und 
Ihni dip the fioBrr* itito the wHsh. 

Fire— prec«ut Ions in ca»e of. — Should a lire break out send off vo 
Ihc nvarnl rnjpnc ur pi'licc-ntalion. 

Fill buckcii with naicr. carrr ihcm ns near the fire m poHJIil*, dip 
H iTK']) into the water, ojid ihroir ii in xhowers on the An) until anUt- 
nntc anivc*. 

Ii u fire ti viulvnl. wet a tilaiikct and throw it on the pan whieh l« 
In flnmcs. 

Should a fire break oul In the hiUhcD-chimnejr. nr any other, a 
•rel blanket thould br nnilcd to the upper end* of (he man I el-piece, so 
u 10 cover the opcninic t-iitiieiy. ihc fir« vill Ihen ko cut uf itself; (or 
this putpoic two knobs should be prrnlaneatly fised in the upper end* 
o( the mantel-pie<e on which the bUnket may be hitched. 

Should the brd or windon.curlalnt be on tire, lay hold of any 
wuuleil Kiiimcnl and lieat il on the lliimc« unlil exlinffuithed. 

Avoid ItiiviiiK d(ii>r or wiiid<>w oficii in the ii.Hpni where ihe lite hm 
btnkcn uul. OS llie current <'( nir iiicreases Ihu (urcc of the fire. 

Should tbe tloircosc be biiniinK !><>)>* to cutoff oJI communicalioiu, 
endeavor to escape by mcani of a. irap-dour in the roof, a ladder lead* 
infE to which should alvini be at hand. 

Avoid hurry and conlualoQ; no perton extopt a fire pollceinaii.- 
fricnd, or neighbor should be admilled. 

If a lady's dress lAkcs fiie she should endeavor lo roll benwif in » 
ruK. <arpe(, or the first woolen Kormcni she meet*. 

It isagood precaution to bat-e aliraysnt hand aUrRie piece of balie, 
10 throw over a female whose dres* is burninx. or to be wel and 
thrown over « fire that has recently broken out. 

A soJutlon of pcarhuh in water, thrown tipon a fitc, extlncutthes it 
insiaiiDy. The proportion is a quarter of a pound diawlvod in hot 
water and then poured Into a bucket of common water. 

It is iccommendcd to houachoidcrslu havcluo or three firc-buekcis 
and a carriage mop with a Ionic handle near at hand; they will bn 
foutid nnentially useful in ease of lire. 

All householilers, but particularly hoic:, tavern, and inn-keepers, 
should exerciHo a wi«e precaution by dircctiiiK that the Iwl person up 
»hould pcnunbulale the precnises previou>i to ii;oing lo mi. to a»ccr> 
lain that all fires are safe and llgbu extinguished. 

Plr#— to release oninials in cam of.— It is a well-known fact that 
Bnhn>b,<*pci='^lly '"■'■'''■'"■-' *'>*'"rc'>*-''' "' '''e, that I hey will not 
onlr make no effort to move, but in Keiierul revi^l oil attempts to 
tnake them move. KK|ierlenM hati proved that the only effectual 
plan to set horses out of a atable in case of fire, is to put their baitieM 



WHAT F.ff.RV OXE SHOULD KNOW. 144 

fcn, and irhpn [his is don« they will quicilj (oHow ihc gtcxun. Nn 
tunc sHould be losi in caxtying this pUia intii cfleci: if done In lime 
It ho* never been tni'ivn li> fail. 

Fire— wbAt to do in CAse tiL—Xia not |i«c confused; wlinit nu une 
10 Tour house enci-pt flu-men. |iuU(*nienoc neinhbtir*. 

If a. Iiuiy's Of child's drrM ukei fi(C. rmk-.ivor to 10II Ihe^nuin up 
In a rug. carpel, or any piece of woolen siutf. 

Keep All doont and window* clOKd unlil the lirenien nrrivc, 

l( smoke enlcr* the room nnd It Is diiBculi to *tnnd erect, gel your 
r mouth OS cluoF Ici the finer u» piiMlhli: nnil breathe cuy. ai there li 
ftlwayi a (resh current of air near (he dnor. A wel cloth aver the 
moulh ivllt grcatlv aid bresihin^- 

The moit rnptd ronnner to extinguish HARiei when the clothing 
ctlchr* fir<' ix i" wr^ip ihi- [lailent, or yourscll. In n heavy woolen nig 
I or bhmkct. ;iml cull mi Ihr lloor &* mpidly us poMiblc. 

Fire Kindleis.— To mjike very nice lire kindler*. lalte resin «ny 
quantity, and meli ii, puliinK in (or ruth podnd bein^ uied. from two 
to ihree ouncet of tallow, and when all ii hot ilir in pine aawdust 10 
make very thick; und. while yel hot, iptcod It out nbout nnc Inch 
(hick, ujK>n Iriiarils which liavi- fine sawdiutt tpcinklcd upon them, 10 

Steveni it (torn sticking. Wi)en cM, brc«lc up inloluiiipt about one 
ich square. Hut if for sale, take n thin board and press upon it. 
' while yet warm, to Uy It off into inch iquatcs; this mokes il break 
\ regularly, il you press the crease suthcicnily deep; grease the marking 
' bcMird Ii> prevent it fri>nialick>nK. 

Fi>h B&lt> — In Ihc first place, (he ftsh tnusl be fiood, A great 

tnanr people haven't I he least idea of n good salt fish; they most 

^ lint learn what a good Ash is if they would have good halls. Cut up 

Sour llsh and raw potatoes, taking Iwkc the quantity of poIMoesj'ou 
avc of Ash, and bolt ihem ioiic(her half an hour; uhen done, drmin 
off lh« wa(cr imniedia«ily, and beal the fmh and polators thoroughly 
together. Kow add pepper and sail, and it you have used h*i( a pint 
of lish, one egg and a piece of huitcr half Ihc slie, bent oil (OBciber, 
roll Into balls and fry like dnuKhhuts, Serve immciliaicly. The (at 
muMbcat hi>i ui, fur duutilinuli, P*ilhfiilty follow (hi» rule and 
thfln fish bulls are K<:iod 

Fish Culture.— How to secure nearly double the usu«] product 

in fish raising. — I Itavc closely observed the habits of many of (he 

fishes that Inhabit our touthcm sirraais. and among ollicis the lioilt. 

Heic Ihey are miKrutory. or at le-jst lliey leave the »mul1 slreums in 

OclDbcT, and return to Ihem In March. They spawn in April, and 

yhe yuung brood ate hatched out in a few days. Now my plan for 

pncreaaing the yield Is 10 have the egg* at the troui anil oihcr lithes 

[Well proiectei] in ilicir iiaiural bed, where depuHiled by Ihe mother, 

|!by placing liver il a f ntinc of fine nirc net or cloth. Uui little aiten- 

r tion il nciMled In find ihc nest of the irout or olher fish; then ns soon 

as the eygs arc all deposited you have onlv to pul the wlic net over 

the nest OLOd it will keep ofl nearly alt of (he Itsh and intccls that ptef 



ISO 



WHA T EVERY OXR SHOULD KNOW. 



on iho egg*. In ihit wiv I ihinit ■ ou may be lurc of icTenty-£ve pet 
ccn). of Ihe eggt produf mtt young trout, and oi ihcic remain near lh« 
DC! I lill oM rnouijli iiicacBpc (roni moM nf [he clanKcrs of (h«ir in[»nl 
fUile. Ihc niro nrl will •itvtv iiciirly n^l nl llinn. 

Fish— to fry. — Small fish lire lo be fried whole; Uthc fi»h have the 
fleshy iionions cut off u'lih a very f^harp knife «nd dlrlded inio xtrtD* 
(AllrU) uf n cimvcolent (ije for serving. When cleaned Rod ready 
fnr coiikin;;, wi|ir ilty. and oil (hem in jiowijercil rr»rl(e( cir bread 
crumbi. iCriKker, rciuly pulverifcd. i* now si>!d m moit grocery 
Worei, under Ihe iiameuf "cmcker dust-"> IKpthe fish, or pJeecK, 
In vcU lic.iien cg^, nvA again roll Ihem in cracker duM or ciuinha, re. 
movinic ony lunijii, i-o as to leave the lurface ntnooth. Have (he fal 
bill, and ilru]! in ihr iiirie*. watching (hem oircfully until lliey cunh 
[o a golden btuwn; then lilt from thu fal and luy upon (hick paper (o 
aborb the fal. Fillets ol eih with ihe bunes In. may be ire.iied in the 
anme way. By Ihi.i mcihud ihc hih arc well Havofed aixl much nior« 
diiteuible for*r«ak xiomacha. Finh nie nouriihlnK. and not tmly i>iip> 
ply good food for Ihe mut>elet>. but fil»o lurnlihet much |ih(Mphoru>, 
which i« a ^'ud brain. makinK m»lcriiil. 

Fish— to prcKTve tbem alive for transportation from pl«ce to 
place — Sinji up Ihe moulliE oJ the fi^h »iih cruinbt of brcarf nci-pcd 
in brandy, nnd pour a very nmnll <|uaiiliiy nf brjuidy inio ihciii; |>tick 
llivtn in clean straw, Tha Ibh will lie<>>iiir iiiiiic torpid. »nd in Ihia 
iiaic moy be kept ten or twelve days. 

Fish ^(steamed. I — Fi«h thould never be bollod but Heamed, ta 
Ihal tio Am: |>ri>)H.-rti<-t arc diiiolvcd in the water. 

Fit»— treatment of. — When ihrkc nre brouKhl on by indijiTMioii. 

tUcc Ihe child in » Wiiirin buih iniincdiHiely. five warm water, or a 
■bclia emetic, rub the ikin briskly, etc., to get up an aciion. In 
brain dii)ca>e ibe wnnn naier is equally useful. In fact, unlcua (be lii 
Is coiiMllutionnl. ihe warm bath will rcllcTc the patient by drawing 
Ihc blmul If Ihc mrface, 

Fit« (Faintingi.^Viii.irp Mimelimcfl very danserous. and at others 
perfectly hoimlcsi: the queition of danger dependinic aliogclhcr upon 
Ihe cauHcs which have oioduced them, and iibicb are exceedingly 
vi»iou». For InManrc. fainting produced by dUcaAc of ihe heati U a 
very serious tympiom iiideeU; whereo* that ariRlnK from some sliKhl 
cause. Kuch as the Michl of blood, etc.. need caute no alarm whatever. 
The symptoms o' simple fainting are so well known thai it would be 
quill- Fiuperlluoui to cniuneratc them here. The trealmcnl consiits of 
laying the patient ai full length upon his bock, with hti. hcjul iipim a 
level with Ihc rcM of hi* budy. lnutenmK everything abiiut the neck, 
daihing cold water inio Ihc face, and sprinkling vinegar and wuter 
about llic mcnith; applying cmelllng-sulis to ihe noie; and. when the 
patient l« able to snatlow, ln|i;fving a IJIIlc warm brandy and walu or 
about twenty dr»p* of ■JiUvolallle In water. Should ihe aiiack lie due to 
disease of Ihc lieArl. place the pcrfMin in an upriichl pcnition. and Eive 
half u tumbler of cold brandf and water — half brandy, half water. If 



WHAT EVERY OXE SHOULD A'. VOW. 



»!< 



! AttBcIc hHim frnm dcbiliij-. pUcp the p«non in an upright post 
lion, nnit lulmtniticr n |[tiu)i o( sherry. Should cx^itF-mi-nL or nn 
ovtthc^lnl room lie thccauKC. a rcrlinlnK poHltire. anil (he luliiiinU- 
Iration i>f ii wincK'-m'ul i>f CHmphor julep. «■ whkh twenty tirofii of 
ml-voUiile huve l>ei-n added. ar« the best mean* of Tccr>ver}r. 

Fits (Faintitig).— Fainting i.i c.imcd br ihe blood le.iving the 
btkin, Plncc the pallcnt tl>il nnd Allow the head lo be lower than the 
liody. Sprinkle cold n«ler on the face. Ilaitf^horn may be held nc«r 
I the n<Hte, not t« U- A half teaspnonful n( an>m«tic *iiitits of ammo- 
nia, in a wincstlassful of icntcr, will tend to revive ihc pnlieat. If Ihe 
%jtDpiam^ rrrut, send tor a physician. 

Flannel^to waslu^Cui up wbai soap may be ncedeil a.nA dimolve 
Innokilk't of tmiliiiK water, I-cl It stami on the stove and i-immer 
till evrry putiklc i« iliinolvcil, Ncvvr rub Hoap on the dsnncl, or al- 
low a bit to settle on them. Kothint; " fulls " flannel so badly ax rub- 
bing soap on it. at letiins bits of it scllle on the cloth. A plBi:e cm 
which a iiTt of soap has lodged or lieen rubbed will have a diflfrrrnt 
Ulaile Ircim the mt when drlrd. malflrig tlic whole gaiment kriik 
»polttxl. 

Take a smab tub not quite half full of scalding hot or boiling water. 
Into this pour enough of the dissolved soap to make a rich suds. aUo 
(Qrac ammonia, a icaapoonful and a hall to ten or twelve (]uitl» of 
■nd* is « (air pT(ipi>rtion. Stir this and the soap into the hot water 
till it is all thoroughly inrorpi>rated. Then put in the Ihiniicls. Two 
or three articles are enough to soak at one lime. I'ress them well 
under Ihc water, but turn them over In the suds occasionally while 
Koaking. l.et them rrmnin In the water till It is cool enough to put 
the handt In without dir>rcim(<>il. While w.inhlng keep a good quan< 
lity <if water at boiling heat on the range (or rinw*n>: purposes, and (o 
keep the suds as hot ia it can be used. Before one piece is washed 
luid ready to be wrung out Sit a small tub half full of clear hot water. 
Into ihlf Mir a litlli: more " liluing" than would he used (or colton or 
linen. Rhake nui eiuh piece la soon as washed, quickly, and throw 
at once into Ihe hot rinsing water. 

Rub the flannel as little as 'possible, but draw it repeatedly through 
Ihc hands, squceiinff rather than rubbing. Harsh rubbing thicken* 
and injures the (abriii:. Never wring with a wringer, as the pressure 
mats the nap down no closely as t» defilrny alt the «oft. fleecy look of 
good flannel. Wriuc with Ihe hands as ilry as possible, then rinse 
and wring out again; and when as drj' as it can be made by hand, 
snap out, stretch and pull out into the true shape; dry In the fi^K'n uir. 
If posf'Jble. Rriiig in when not quite dry, roll up it short lime, iind 
iron while slill a little daRlfi. >u that eiich purt csn be mure readily 
brought into shape. I'msiiig, when ironliiK. is better (or the flannel 
than tubbing, it does not make the fabric (eel so hard and wiry. 

Scarlet flannel is poisonous to some skins if used before vr.ishing, 
ud Hi one I* not alwayii sure how one may be aOected by it, it il 
u(cr lo give ii a scald in hot water with a little soap— not enough lo 



1 59 



lyUAT EVERY OS'E SHOULD KS'OW. 



make a airang sudt. Lc( it slnnd and soak m few minuln. than wring 
mtt and ircai like o[h«r nann«U. 

FlMinel— to whitcD. — It U »ld Ihal Rannel, which hnn liccvmc 
yrU'in liy n^, may be mttorc<l to Ik oriKlnnl whiirnr-M t>]r the titre 
of a tiiiluiidn of one and a hnl( pi^undf ni while Miirseilles viap in 
■illy pounds of imfl rivFr wulet. lr> wliich X* iiddt'd twu-lhirdt of *m\ 
oun<e of spirit of «qun iimmonia. and ihc whole thoroughly mixed.T 
The flanneJ li to be immened in ihii solution and well Mlrml Hround, I 
and dflcrvanl wiuihcd off In puie water. The »nm« remit ni.iy uIm-, 
be itbiained Mill more (quickly by immcrsiaK the flunnrl fnr an hour 
In a dilute •olution o( mcid sulphate of soda, and then mirrin); in dilute 
hydrochloric acid in the proportion of one part of acid to hdy ot 
water. The vcmcI U then to be covered over and nllowed in remain 
for* quarter tA an houi. when the ntilcle* are Xi be icmovctlknd 
th'.itiniuhly washed, 

Flat-iroos— to ameoth. — If vour flac<irons are rough, nth ihe« 
with line tdlt. aod it will ninkc them xmooth. 

Flaxieed TeA- ways to make.— Put two lablnpoonfule whole 
ntii>c«1 ill II i»'nt o( brtilliiK water and boil Afieon minuteft: «u( upi 
one lcini.111 mid |iut in a |iilchcr with two (uhlnpoonfuii of Hugaril 
Sirdin the (cu boiling h-L'l through n wire strainer iiuo the pitcher and" 
•tir i^cibi-r. Good (or cough snd lore throat. 

%. Take three tablespoonfuU of liniiced, about one pint of wMef. 
and boil fur ten minum. Strain oS the water, put In a Juk with two 
leinoni. cut in ihiii iilic«^: put in abo aomo brown suic*r. A winc- 
efauaful of wine i» an impruvcment. This hu been found mott nour* 
rsUng for Iflvatida, 

3. Macerate ooe ounce flaxxeed Jnd half an ounce i>l l>nil»ed 
liquorice rrw't in one pint of boLlinK water fur iwo hciutn. in a iiKhtly- 
cloied vessel : filtn. and add one fluid ounce of Irmon jiii<T, Thit la 
a eood drink in casci of rntnrrh. 

plesh-wortna on the skin. — When black spots, " flesh-worms," oa 
they are called. t>tcomc troublesome, it would l>c adi'i*able to ulop 
the followinK remedy, which, ihouxh aimole. U very i-inroeiou*: Ml: 
•oeae Hour of suljihui in h lillle milk, fet it Hliind for » couple 
hours, and then, without disturbinj; the sulphur, iwe the milk as a 
lotion: to be well rubbed into the ȣin with a towel. Almost immedl- 
alcly oftcrwnril. the »kin may be wothed with soup and cold water. 
Cold cream »houlLi be rubbed In at bedtime. The tpoti will »hnn1f 
diaappeur. 

Fliea— to deatrey. — Take half a leaapoonful ut black pepper, 000 
ttaapoonfuL of brown sugar, and one lablcspuonful of cream: mix 
tlirni «'(^tl together and place them In a room on a plate, where the 
Hies .-ire truubl<4orae, and they will soon disappear. 

Floating Island. — Put u auan of milk orer the Tire in a dhollow 
keltic, let It cume tu n boil; beat the whites of four eg)(i to a froth 
an-1 .idil fiomc white su^nr; let the whiles of the eggs scald a moment 
in the milk, then dip out; beat the rolki of the eg|[* with sugar to tult 



WHAT EVERY OXE SHOVLD A'.VOtr. t^ 

Ihr luMe; slii lht» liili-i Ihc IjniUiif; inlJk; a>> nnan lis il boIU Cum IbW-] 
a 5h-'ill'>w <li<:(': I.iy ilie ithiin on lop, Ortiiimciil wiih ealared tngaf' 
sanrls if you liki-. 

Floating Island— how to make. — Put on the siovc aqunn of milk 
Sn-cc'IciiirJ nml fU>'i<c«il I" l.i-vtr. Just nil toon am il rejicliM balling 
point, slit in file ivi-U-Watiii ji.lk* o( fivr ckjti and hIIow ii t(i citno 
to « boll again, stirring ull llic lime. Tlirn remove (rom ihc Arc anil 
«el B*lde locoot. Three o( tbcwhiln willbciuffidcnlfortheisUnds. 
Bntl (o n. stitT frnih wilh n fork, which is beucr than nn egK-bcBEcr 
for ihis particulni piiipiiM. .im] pIxG in a cotnnrliir, S'nw ratncs tha 
" liink-" Have maiiy it ttifkcltlc <if boiling wutrr. from which pour 
rapidly fau*. cboroughty upon the beaten nhitct. until the vftier has 
lourhcd tv^iy pnn, Set down for i few ntomenui in linith dminin);, 
uflcr which yuu can Uke a knife and cut into little blocks aiid lay" 
ii[i')n your rufiurd. which has been previously poured into the ,diih 
from which II is to be sen-eU. By this means, the whiles will rcuiin ■ 
their fi>rm, nml not BfCRr-tvitlc you by diuolvintf inlo thin tilr nl a 
crIlirHl junviurc, Il also iloct> awny with thai rnw tiulc, Itils of 
Jelly dropped upoif each island. i;ivo the dit>h !u> inviting appeataacc. 

Float, or Freticb Custard.^Bcai the )-olks of fire cgKs with ten 
inblMpimnluth »{ htitifui', nnd siir tn h iguBri of ikw tnllk; place over 
the Rrc and stir until il i.Tcanis, I>o not conk iiki Iork. Pour into 
a dish ihai can be covered. Spread over the lop the whites o[ the 
five eggs, ticaicn to a stiff froih. with a ublespoonful of pukerlicd 
su)cnr. Both custard and whiles of the eggs tbould be flavored with 
lemon or vanilla. 

Floors — to Main and pollah. — A cor rcspiin dent who thinks that 
carpets ore too expeoiivc for daily use. and thai someihinn that i* 
cheaper and at the sitmc time mote easit)' kept clean Is needed, says 
Ihal a friend's hall and kitchen were Hooted, as he •upposed with 
black walnut and pine; hut hs waa informed thai the owner hud 
cxuscd ihc floors lobe smoothly laid, and with his own hands had 
llolned each allernate board a dork color, and then with shellac hod 
Hnisbcd the whole with a line polish. He (ays: "I shall have my 
hall aiKl dininih-'rooin (tocirs plained »moothIy and evenly by a rar- 

Knter. and then myself rub carefully with a !>|>onKe or brush, avoid- 
jC any daubs over the seam, into each alternate board a slain pre- 
pared ai follows: One-qunrlcr of a pound of asphallum and half a 
pound of Ijceswax; if too liitht In color, add a»phflliiira. ihouith IhaC 
mtist be done with caution, as very little will Krudunte the ^hHdF. and 
black walnut Is not what its name indicates, but a rich dark brown; 
or burned ombei in alcohol. lo the proper consistency ol easy appli- 
cation, may be uied without the beeswax; and, after u thin coal of 
■hellac haa befn laid over the whole and (he fturface sinuothed over 
with sandpaper, a coal of common varnish will |{ivo it a splendid 
finttb. A breadth of carpel or mailing, or a piece of oilcloth laid 
4awn, will proEccI ii where the palest wear comcf. "X^e nturow^i' 



«54 



W/TA r F.VEKV OA'E SffOVlJ> fCNOtT. 



the floor the finer will be (he efleci: but in «ny <aac it will exdle yout 
own and your Irimdi' admiration and prore a joy fatevcr." 

Floors — stain for. — To strong lye of wood uhci add ceough top 
perss for ilic required oak shade. Put ih[( on with a mop and vv 
nish affcrwafi 

Florida Wattr. — llatF pint proof spirita, two drani* oil leman, 
half dram oil rosemary. Mix. 

Plouiiilci«-~hDW to select. — Floundcru, and nil white flat fiith. nrs 
ri|pd and lirni wlieo Ircsb; the under «ide thould be ol a rich c roam 
■.-otor. When out of season, or loo lon|[ kept. (Iiit hecomca a blubh 
while, and the flesh soft and flaccid. A clear, brishl eye la liab IsiJh 
B mdrlc nf bcliif; fresh and good. 

Flour— how to select. — Look ai itx color; If It Ii white, with d 
tti^hlly yellowisli.T s.raw colore tint, it i« Hsood »!|[n. I( it i* vrry 
white, with a bluiiih cast with while specks in i[. the Hour ii nul ifioii. 
ExaInIn<^ ill ailhcsiveneu: wet and knead a Ittile of it bels-wn the 
finitrn; if ii works dry and clastic. U i* good; If it works sod and 
sticky, it is |ioor. Flour made from spring wheal Is lilielytobe 
•lick^. Throw a litllo lump of dry flour SKi^inM n dry. kmoolh, |>eT- 
pendicutar surfact^: if ii ndlier» in a lump, the Hour liai life in it: jt 
Ii faltii like powder, Jl » bad. Squeeze some of ihe Hour io ynur 
hands', if it retains the shape given liy Ihe presiure, thai. Ion, i* a 
good sign. Flour thai will stand all Ihcie lots il it safe to buy. 

Flour — hoiled for invalltU, — Tie « (xiund of Anr flour liithlly and 
oompactly in a iincn lioth. throw it into binline water, and lei it boil 
for three houn: when it is cold it will be found to be a hard, ilrj- mo**, 
from which the outside layer will peel like a skin. Grate a part of the 
remainder. :ind uk it to thicken twilinic milk ut (o make ■ grurl. 

Flour— to ttrowfl. — Spread on a tin plate, set on the Miyrv or in a 
Very hoi oven, and atir constantly after It begins to color, until 11 is 
brawn all through. Keep In a glut* jar, shake occasionally, and use 
for gravies, eir. 

Flour (Self-raisingl. — Kllii-drted flour, one hundred pounds; tar- 
f Ic acid, ten ounces; mix lhon>uj{hly. After two or three daysadd 
of hl-carbonatc soda, twelve ounces; lump sugar, one hiilf pound; 
common tall, one and one-half pounds; mix, and pass thiouuh ihe 
"dressing machine." Have atlihennicles perfccily dry, and oejiaralely 
reduced to fine powder before adding to llie llour. Mix with cold 
water, and bake M once. Il produccn tight and porous bread. 

Flowers— arfftnccnent of. — Flowers may be arranged cither nc- 
cordinjc X" the harmony or coniratt of colors. Red harcnonlies with 
orange, oronse with yoltciw, violet with red. indigo with viiiirl, blue 
with Indigo, and green with blue, (irccn is Ihe contrast of ted, sky. 
blue to orange, yellow to violet, blue to uraoge-red. indigo to orange- 
jrstlow. iinit t iolct to bluish-green. To find (he contrast to any Hciwer, 
CMt a small circular piece out of its pcialt, place It upoo while pa|>er, 
look At it steadily with one eye for a few sccondn. without leltiiiit llie 
«y»-llijt close, then look from the colored circle to another purl ot 



trrrAT R%-sf!V oxk should know. 



IM 



the while papcf, when the drcic o( nnoihci coior will be apparent. 
Thiti co.'fir U ihe true c»nira>t, or comphTnentary color. Tosiei differ 
M In wlietlicr (he eRcct of arruiKintC Ihe flowers accoixlini; ii> cunirasi 
or complimeniary color ia more plcaain^ lo the vyr. than according to 
harmonics. The (onner, however, is the most in favor. To <aity it 
out, a blue flower should be placed next lo aa orsnitc flower, a yeU 
|Jaw near » violet, and a red ot a while nhould have plenty of follaj^i 
und it. While c«ninuls with blue or oranife. cir still beltoi', withf 
rinl or pink, but not with yellow »r viulel. 

Flowers And Fema— for ornameolinK. — Noihing beautifies a loom 
more tentibly than a few loktclull) atrniiKcd flowers or plantx. In 
luinmer dowers are always uvaiUlik. »ml in winter their pUre may 
be agreeably supplied by sprijp of cvrrtirecns. ilricd (jiiuai-s, <rr im- 
morlcUei. A few creeping planta, oi ivy, can be obtained oi any 
lime ilurmf: cold weather, and .1 few iwlgs of these liTouKht jnlo uxe 
whenever reiiulrrd. Thote b tm krep liiiunc-planu nlwuys hdve the 
■inatcrials ul hand for deccinLlionn, ^iii-.! Ihey should be ujed libvrally 
'■nd connanlly, varying the atningement as often and widely as pos- 
Mbtc, A charminK houiic ornAment ia supplied by a (ero-caae, which i 
may be mnatruilcd quiie iiiexpcntiv«ly. whilethepUutareqnired.be.] 
inK indiKenous to oui wuixl.i and meadiiw), cnn be easily collecledfj 
so thai Ihe pleisure o( having 1 ease well filled wilh finely grownj 
plants rjii be enjoyeil by those who do noi wish lo cxpcn<l laigely (W 
lliii puriviBf. 

Ffowera — to prei«rve. — By the following prnces* flower* may be 
prcsened without losing their beauty of lint or form: Gel a quantity 
of line sand, wash It until the Inst walcr that runs olT is quite dear, 
Ihen {>ui ihc wet nud on a boaid placed BElant over a pan lu drain 
Ihe wafer off. Dry the t&nd perfectly by Ihc lire, m in the sun. Sift \ 
it twice, once through a fine aieve, next through a ooanc one; thus j 
Ihe sand will become nearly al! of ihe ume «i2ed paiiidcs, and be 
very line. Cut Ihe flowers when full blnwn, and In dry wealher, noc 
mni>t wilh dew or ruin. Get a box nf Miflldent siie. tiW it wrih dry 
mnd DO high ihai ihe flowerti may mand ered in it by their imbcdeil 
Items. Then put some sand in the sieve, and tenderly wft it over the 
flnwcn. so OS not lo btealc them; do not crumple nr displace a pclaj. 
Keep the box in a wiirni. dry place, bui not loo hot. The tempem- 
ture should never exceed one hundred degteeB. The sand abiorbs 
Ihe moisture of Ihe tinwets. Ai soon as you think the flowers are 
Ihotou){hty dry, open Ihc bnx nnd alani It so aa to let Ihe upper hand 
run out itemly: then lift Ihcm out by their stems. The flowers will 
be pericci. but a Htllc brittle. In tiinv the atmosphere will moke 
Ihem less so. 

Flowers— for exbibitlon.— To place Dower* nn cxhibtilon and keep 
fresh, and to >hnw vS tojiDod advsntaf^, itcl large Hakea of mow 
from logs, and. after putting an inch or v> of sand in Ihe butiom o( 
ii shallow box, lay on thif ihe inoiis, and ihnisi into thi< the llnwer 
stems) then, by waieiin); uccaiiionally, they keep perfectly frcah lor a 



'1(8 



W/M T E VER Y ONE StIOSILD Kjm tr. 



nniTibcr or dayn. Crouc*. rtnsn. *tc,. cah be (onticd In thc»p boxrt. 
Md having Hprigs «( cvofKrccM uckt^ oii tlii- «iijf^ of ibc boxcv the 
effect is buuliful. Moss placed in fancy-ihapcd batkcts and io Uil* 
Ihc flowed make a prellv *how. 

Flower* and Pnitt— bow to prcierre. — Fruil and flower* rnny Iw 
prvicrvrd Icniii drriiy «n<l fniJiriK by ItnmcniinK itiem in a solution pf 
jfum anibk and waler two or lhr«' limes. wsiiiiiK & >uffiden( lime 
beiwecn each ImmerHon to oJlow the tgaat tu dry. Thli proccs* cov- 
en the turfaee ol the frutt with a Ihin eoal of g^m, which U entirely 
impnvivus lu Ihc lUr. wid thii* prrvrnU Ihe decay at ihe truli or tile 
^HiheriiiK of tbe llnwet. Knkc^ lliui^ preserved h»ve all the beauty of 
ircshly plueked oner, ihough Ihey have been separated from Ihc par. 
eni Hock many moniNi, 

Plt»wr» to revive when withered.— PI nnge ihc Ktems into boil- 
Ing water, and keep then- there till the wHtcr is cold. They wit! quite 
revive. The slcm» may ihen be cut. uiid Uic Hoxcrs put to iiiuid in 
cnld water. 

Ftowera— to preserve in water.—MIx a Utile nLrbonntc o( soda 
with the water in which flowcrk arc inini?iseil. and it will preserve 
them for a furini|;lit> Coinmoi ittllpelrc n also a very i^id pre- 
•crvallfc. 

PlowCT Seeds — antumn lowint of.— Pcnons lay that ihe Anrit 
flowers they ever had of Certain aniualt were from ' ' vnlun leci " 

iilanis from ielf-Kro<*n seed*. Tlie real reaton for their !iupeTl»rit)r 
h not due to the manner, but In Ihe time o'flowinff. Seedi are "mAU 
Itrtiwn " soon alter they are ripe, and the aupcnorlt)- of ihr v'^nls 
from ttie*e tuftKest* autumn lowins. The at-nual Howet'i closed an 
"hardy" should «• a feoeral Iblnit, if pra'tlcablc. be town in 
autumn. LaikspUfs aad paoslet nic iiKomparsoly finer when ihu* 
sown, Clarkia, whitlavia, niMa. and ncarlv all ihe ml of the Call> 
f<iraia annual, lo give the best results, should be lown in aulumn. 

Flowers— to pack iot shipment.— Cut dowers should be pack^ 
in a perfectly dry cnndillon. and whjitever pnckiiig materials arc Wiod 
should also be dry. Considerable quantities ate seal in boxes by lalt 
lo distance* varying from fifty to three hundred mlica in [he follow- 
inK manner with perfect turons: The bnllom and sides of the box is 
lined with spray and fern fronds: upon thai at the bottom Is placei) a 
compact layer ol buds and such flowers oawill not rafier from a little 
prctsurc: then comes another layer with the more delicate llowei« 
rnveloptidBin|(lyin a ihin piece of waddlni;. all packed clotely. This 
is followed by a sheel of silt-er paper, upon which a third and last 
layer of podded flowers is placed, A thin sheet of soft tvadding is 
pl*ccd opoa the tup. and the lid fastened in the some manner as the 
frulI boxeii. 

Flower Stand— to make. — A very pretty flower stand can be made 
oat of a tabic, a bucket, iind half a duicn old tin cans. Place tbr 
Ducket in ibe center of the table. Punch several holes In Ihe boltctn 
i)(cMb cMi,aDd tcrew ihem lirtnly to the tabic byacrcw* in (hcholM 



»-///* 7 HVEffY O.V/; StlOVLh KNOW. 



•57 



Archci ai stout wire mny tir innilr HcnifA Ihr top of (he canK. For 
ferns pUiiltd in ilic niiis, whiih require u KiPiii Jeal "J water, cm-cr 
Itie top of Ihe tabic with a Hhulltiw pan lo catcti Ihe drip. Other 
plant! ihuuld only huvc Ihe »ojl kept damp. Geraniums are fine (or 
winter blooming, m are also colcui. luchtios. nnil pecunlai. Some 
kind o( a vine should l>e plAtited iiifjichof the; corner mn". Trailing 
plant* produce a good effect. 

Flowers — to arrange. — A very good device for arranging llovrera 
consltl* o( a piece ol cork ol about a quartet of an inrh thick, ciroi- 
itu la form, and perforated with hole* like ihc none of a waterlng-pol. 
Tlic di&molcr is lo ciirrcspnnd Ici (he «iie <>( the saucer or thnllow 
di»h wilh which it is lo be uied. The cork flualiiiK bn the top of the 
water suppoiu the flowers, whose stems are inacrted through the 
holes. For the display of small llawent. and (hose having diort 
KIcms. this meih-xl sccm& well adapted; paMlbl<f it may be bcller 
than dump sHnd. Ihoiiifh Ihul i» doubtful: but, aa the cork may bn 
preserved, it would uJway» be al hand, and it tnighl not be cod> 
venlcnl .lomelimes to procure sand. 

Fluid—fof wftshini; clothe. — For naxhSng alpaca, camel'* hair, 
and oilier ui^'ilcn tfooils. and for removing marks made on furniture^ .1 
curprts. ruKS, etc. : Knor ounce* ammonia, (our ounces while cattllTe 
soiip, two ounces alcohol, iwo ouncei glycerine, two ounces ether.. 
Cut the soap line, diuolvc In one quart of water over the tire: odd 
(ouf (junrtit of water. When (learty cold, add the other ingredlentf. 
This will make nearly eight quart*, li must be put in n bottle and 
stoppered liichl. It will keep food any lensih of limo. 

r luid (Silver Plating.) — Dissolve one ounce of niuate o[ silver, in 
crysialt. in twelve ounces of aod water; Ihen disiolve in Uie water 
two ounrci. cyanuici of potaah; shake the whole together, and let it 
sliind lill it lietomcs cleur. Have ready some half-oun<e vials, and 
nil half full of Paris white, or fine whiting; and Ihen (ill up the bottles 
with the liquor, and it i« ready for use. The whiting does not in- 
crease the coating powder; it only help* to clean the articles, and 
save the silver Huld. by half filling the botlles. 

Fluid— for soldering: *id tinning. — The following compounds axe 
useful fur solderine or tinning Tin — one pari murlaiic acid, with as 
much line as ii will dissolve; add two ports of water and some s«l 
ammoniac, llross and coi>pcr— one pound muriatic acid, four ounces 
line, live ounces sal ammoniac. Zinc — one pound murialtc acid, and 
two uunrrs sat ainnioniac, with all Ihe linc it will diwolve, and three 
pints of water froo — one pound of muriatic acid, srx ounces sperm 
UlloR. four ounces sal ammoniac. Gold and silver— one pound muri- 
atic acid. elKhl ounces sperm tallow, and eight ounces hal animonlac. 

Fluid (Soldering I. —Take two ouncca muriatic acidi add linc till 
hubbies cease to tXtr-. Hdd one-half (easpoooful of WLl-ammoniac. 

Fluid (Washing). — Take live ouaru o( water, one-tnlf pound of 
time, one pound oS sal-soda, and let It come to a boiling point; then 
Rtile, pout oil uid boitk. Use one and a half cups of this tu a waah^ 



'5> 



WHAT F.VERV ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



ing of Tive pctHiKiii, SikiI; ttoihrs in cold water av«r nisht. After 
puttinjt Quid in ix boiWc of colli wHivr. let it come lo m ImilfnK point: 
put \u f^loihcs aDd boil half on hour. If any rubbinB i» ni^cnsary it 
will be very rwiy; then tinic In ivo nater*. Tbe above will not in- 
jure thr <l.ilhr». 

Ftut«d Reamer— to dip properly. — Dip it |icrpendiculaily to a 

5hori •Jiitancc beyond the llulini; — ihni is to siiy, about half an inch 
and wtthdran and rclurn it levpral limen. Thi« hatden.i all the lip*, 
and provenii it cracklDH; oil at the water's cilge. which U the case 
whe.i a piece of steel i« clipped la la a ocruin depth, and allowed to 
cool without movinju. 

Fluid (Washing). — Take one-half pound soda ash, and a half a 
pound of unilakcd lime, and put Ibcrn in a gallon of water: boil 
Iwenly minutes; let It xtand till cool, then drain oD and put la a \\x% 
or jar. SuHk your tlircy etothca over nijtht. oi until they are w«t 
through, then wrinx. and rub on plenty of tmap on the dirlietil places, 
and. In one boiler of cloihci, wtll covered with water, add one leaeup- 
ful uf the fluid; boll half an hour or more: rub through one water, 
and rinse well, and your clothed will look better than by the old way 
of washinK twice before lioilinK. Thla 1* the orlfpnal rvcl|>e: but to 
cconomitc. 1 put one <|uurl of good lye. made from wood ashes, in 
the place of »ada ash, and I found Ihai it was just as good, luid 
cheaper. 

Flj (Craei))— to d«stn>T.— The items and leaves uf the tomato are 
welllxrfled in water, and when the lti|UOT is cold it it syringed over 
plants altacked by insecU. It at once destroy black or green fly, 
ealerplllars, etc.; and it leaves behind a peculiar odor which prevent* 
Insecu from coming again (or a long time. The author Mates that 
he found this remedy more efleciiiot ihun funiigatiag. washing, etc. 
Through neglect, a house of camelias had become almusi hopelewly 
lofcKted with black lice, but two lyringings with tomato plant decoc 
lion thoroughly cicuised them. 

FIj In Turnil)*— to prevent.— From expcrimrnis laicly maije. It 
has been asceilaint-il that limu sown by hand, nr distributed by a ms* 
chine. U on Infallible protection to turnips against the ravoKcs of this 
detiructivc insect. It should be applied as soon as the tuTni|>s come 
up. and in ihe same dally rotation In which they were sown. The 
lime should be slaked inimrdiuCely before it is u*cd, if the air be not 
suihcienily moist lo render t^at operation tmne^wsary. 

Fly Paper. — Coat paper with lutpcniine vunlsb, and oil It to keep 
the varnish from drying. 

Food for Siitging Birds, — BUnrhcd sweet almonds, pulvcriied, 
one-half pound; pea fflcal. one pound; tuifirun. three grains; yolks o( 
two haid boiled cgg>. Reduce all to a powder by rubbing ibiough ■ 
Blev«, Place the mlnure In a lrylng'p,-in over a fire, and add two 
omcM bulicr and two oiuice* honey. Slightly cook for a (ew min- 
ute*. Stirling well, then Mt off lo eout, and prewrve in a doMly 
nrked bottle. » 



%ritA T B VBR Y OKTE SffO VLD KNO H . 



IS9 



fffbO^bfttb.— RciDcmter never to liflve rhe rool-balh «o hoi m I» j 

L & diBBKraenblc t-riiiiition : ihi« would Jrivr the blood lo ihe 
\ktaA, lostrad i>f ilrawini; il from it. 1( jHisnihlc. wlim bulhiiiK Chr 
feel, have n watm balh for the handl also; ihe objcti being lo brinj( 
tbi: heal lo Ihr e»tftnihle»- 

Foot Sprkiiw — remedy for. — The liii^iep i> very Itublc to be 
S]>tniiicd. mill on imlccd utc I'lber pdrtd ■>( the (<n>l. tthnicvcr »p^^lin^ 
occur, lei (he folluwrnR simple rrmedj' be Iried, sa it will frequentlj 
give relief. Grciuc ihc thumb* ot both hands, or dip them in »o> 
snap Uoltnent; then allele the liftg;en of cafh hand under the fool, oi 
the uunr tlmr pit^M ihc sprained pArt nllh ihe lliumba »a Uiey movr 
slonit. Criiiiiiiiie this ti>r » lunrlrr \\i »n h"Ur. «m!. if nefrtwry. re- 
peat (he "petniron: incrtate Ihe prrssure of the thumbs very grad- 
ually, especiallT if there is much pain. 

Fardflg; the Qeard— liquid for.— Cologne, two ouacc*; liquid harts- 
horn, on« drHin; tincture <;.inll)arlde*. two dmint; oil lowmHry, 
twelve drops; Uvender. iwvlvcdrup^. Apply to iho (ace d«ily tiiid 
uwiiii results. Said tu be reliable, 

Forest leaTes — for stables and yards. —We do not think that 
farmers >ici a.< much value upon forest leaves a* they should do 
1'hi-y |H)s«rM man)' ^lasA qualltie*. They have a pleMarii tniell. *b- 
fci.f). Ihe tiioiMute. und Ihtouich the winter ttre ((•nverlrd into exeet* 
lent munure. They c»n be must CDnvcnicntly gnthered after the 
first sn'-w, Of .it least before the wintry blaals have scattered them. 
Thef then Uy compaoty. and being inolM can be handled with t(fe>il 
facility. A cart with a lew RtRindardii Ktucic !n the Hide* will hnld a 
ciin»iilcrahle quantity, and Ihc bMt thing \n guther Ihem or loud 
ihem n » wooden hand ralie-. a wooden (out lined siraw fork ii also 
very handy when the leaves are moisi. They can be gathered too 
when other labor about the (arm II slack. There are leave*, aUo, 
about the Kardcn, yard and orchard*, that should be gathered and 
used. They are go<Kl lor covering vin«». cabban, and half hardy 
shrubbery uder being laid down. They do nut admit much moistutc. 
and ate excellent proleclion agjin.sl frosl. 

Founder— remedy for.— Draw about a gallon ot blood frtim Ihe 
neck; then drench ihe horse with Knsecd oil, one quart; now rub the 
furv-ieg» long and well with water as faol a* can be borne wiihuut 
HCalding, 

Fowls— how to Mlect. — Common domesik lowk, when yoiinK, 
have ibc legs and combs smooth; when old, they arc rough, and on 
the breajtl long hairs are found tnatead \A feathers. Fowls and chick- 
ens »h<>ii1d be plump on the lireu*t. fal on ihe back, and white legged. 

Fowl — to broil. — Split the (owl down Ihe b.nk; season il Very nel! 
with pepper and pul il on the gridiron, with the Inner pan ncxi Ihe 
fire, whkh must be very clear. Hold the gridiron at a considorahle 
distance from the lice, and allow ihe (owl to remain until il is nearly 
half dune; then turn it. laking gieat cure ihai il dors not bum; broil 
it of a fine brown, and serve it up with slewed mushiooms. A duck 



IW 



»HA T R^RR Y OSR SffOV/.D A'A'Otr. 



may bt oruilcj in ih* »nmc way. If tbtt (owl U very turit^. half roa»t 
il. (hcnrul II inlo quntlcri. atiA finish It on the giUiteni. It will lake 
(r<ini hull lo ihree-iju;irtcfs of an hour to cook. 

Fowls— to tkttcn Ida khort time.— Mix toother Kf^nil rive well 
■cald«d wiih milk, anil odd KiRie coa,r«B tag-^i. Feed ihrm with ihii 
In the d»)-liine, bu< oul too much U once. Lrt It tic Mihcr thick. 
Chopped onloniare excellent (or «U Idndu of fowl, and qaickl]- drive 
■II kinds of vcrinln nway. 

Frames (jilt)— to clwui.— Wbeo the pll fninet o( pictttrco or 
lookinK-^lasm, or the fcill molding of rooDii.. have roI iprcks of din 
upon them, from Hies or uther cmims, they can be clt«r>ed wilb Itie 
while »t r^K. KeDlly tubbed on with a camel'* hair pencil. 

Frangipaiiiil. — Spirit*, one Kallon; oil beTKtmot, one ouoce: oJl of 
lemon, one ounce: mnceiale for four days, (requently ahaklng; (hen 
■del waicT. one gallon: orangc-Oowcr water, one pint; cM«nce al 
vjiniilH, two ounces. Mix. 

PrccUes— to itmoTC— Thoie aiixlons to mt rid ot freckles can 
make a compound which comnuioly miui*ei ih«n U they will icrtte 
korwradish Ane. let it »Uiid a few hours in bulteroillk. and situin it 
and use lo wash niithi and mornins. Or iqueeui the ;iiit« of a lemon 
in m gobl«( of water and um in the umc way. The regime should 
be Utended lo, and shoulil be of »i)ch a italiuf that the tiuwela and 
kldoeys will do their dutv. Daily bathinr. with much (tictiun, should 
not be n«KteCKd, and the Turkish bulb taken occaaiocially, If It I* 
oooTealcnt. 

Freckle*— <ure for,— Wash in Ire«h hulieimilk ercrr mominjj. 
and rinse the lace in tepid water; then use a soft lowci. Freckles 
may also be removed by applying lo the lace n soiullon of aicie and 
water, Aooiher Kood wash lor ircctLlc* Is made hy dissoWing three 
^■Ins of boras in five drams cadi of toao water and onuigc-ftower 
water. Then arc many remcilics for freckles, but there I* none that 
will banhk ihem entirely. 

Freckle*— to remove.— Take half a drnm of niurisie of ammonia, 
two drams of l.ivcndei. anit half a pini of dislillcil water. Apply this 
mixture wilh a iponRC iwn or (hire liines a day. 

Ffecltte* and Tan — (o remote.— Tinc(nre of bcnioin. one ]>«i(; 
tafieturo tulu. one-half pint; oil roiemsry, one-halt ounce. Piil one 
leaspoonfol '>f the above mixture In ooc-onaiut pint of water, and 
with a towel wash (be (ace nJRht and morning. 

Freckle* and Swtbnm. — After washioK In cold water, uie n little 
at ibr l(>lli>wiiiK lotion: Ulx a lablespoonful of diluted muriatic acid 
with an ounce of rcwe-water, eight ounces o( water, and one ounce ol 
rectified spirits of wine. 

Freesing Preparation. — Common sal-ammoniac, well putverlxed, 
one pan; Mlipeiie, two pads; mix wdl together. Then take com- 
mon siida, Mcll pulrcciied. To use take equal quanlilics of these 
preparations (which must Iw kept mpaiuic and well covered pteviou* 
lo using) anrd p«( them in (he Itceiini; pel; add of walcrapropet 



»C^W T EVERY ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



vt\ 



Quamiljr, nnd put In the anlcle to be froicn in a. proper tc«scI; covtr 
up. »nd ^our wanco wilt toun be lupplicil, fur frcciiriK creinior 
wjne* Ihls cannot be beat. 

Pfcnch MUk of Roses. — Two and one.half pint* of row-waier, 
«nc-!iiilf ijini (li roRcmiiry water, two ouncei ol iintiute of sior«n. 
l«eu ounces i.>f tinclitir ot bcnioln. tine- half ounte i)( eiprll de rofie. 
Flr&l RiiK the tusc-walci fttul rusifirmry w;tlet. and Ilirii aild Ihc olbcr 
icincdicni«. This is a useful wash tor the complexion. 

Fresh-blowa Flowers id Winter,— Choose some of the most per- 
feci liuJs "( the lloweriL you wlih to preserve, surh as arc latest in 
Dtuoming iinil aie leiidy t>i open; cut ttiem nil with x piilr ol sdnsorfi, 
leaving to each, H pOMiblc, a piece •>( Meni iilioiit three irirhes lunu: 
cover the end of the stem immediately with sealini;-»>ax. and when 
the buds arc a little shrunk and wrinkied wrap each of Ihcro up 
deparutely in a piece of paper, perfectly dean and dry: then lock 
(hem up In » dry boK or drawer, and they will kce|> without orrupl- 
Ing. In winter, or x\ any time, when you would have the flowers 
blow, lake ihe buds at nii{hl and cut off the end c'l the stem scaled 
with Wiix, and pui ihc buds into water wherein a liulc niire of salt 
has been difluscd: the next day you will have the ptcaaurc ol xeein); 
the buds open and expand themselves, and the dowers display their 
roost lovely colon and btcalhe Iheir iigiceible odor*. 

Fritter* lOrange). — One pound of flour, one pint o,' milk wlih a 
icntpoonfu] of sail in it. and onc^quaner of a pound of melted butter. 
und Ihrcc eicKo bcAten very llKht. Prepare four oranifcs by reniov. 
inj; Ihc yellow timi and evcrj' jiarliele ot white pilh; divide into small 
pieces with ou I breaking the skin. In each spoonful of baiter put a 
piece of orange, and fry a golden brown; sift powdered sugar OTcr a* 
goon na taken (roro the pan. 

Frostinf; — for C*kc. — To the while of one egjt beaten in ii froth. 
add ino ht-upinii ic»»p()onfuN of corn-starch and aa much dry pow- 
dered lugar Hs jrou can stir in. Bake your cake Erst, Ihen ntakc 
your frosting, then remove Ihe cake from the baking pan and spread 
the frosting over the lop of Ihc loaf, mntting it smooth with a knileor 
spoon, and put It in a warm {not hot) oven until il hardens kii Ihul 
the (roslinK will not adhere to the fiti|[er in touchiiif: it, txike it out. 
•ltd put in a cool, dry plaee. and il will be hard enout^h to cut in 4 
few hours. The above makes one loaf, t have no rule as to the 
quantity of sugar to be used. 

Frai'ting: (Chocolate). — Whites of three eiuts. one and a half cups 
nt f"iK"'i "'i'" (easpooolui «( vanilla, three henplnii teaspoonfuls of 
scraped ch'icoUlc. 

Frosting— ways to make. — To the white of one eag allow one tup 
of sugar, and Ihe same proportion for any number of eggs according 
In the quality of frosting to be done. Beat the mialurc s greHt deal, 
and wlien the (roslinjc remaina in povllion. il it a lesi that ii has been 
mixed enough. Fine Krsnulaled sugar gives a nicer glois than pow- 
dered. If desired, odd the juiccof one lenon. The beating ncccfsa- 



%H 



IVlfAr F.l'F.Jty OXE SHOULD KffOW. 



fT-depemli upon the frcsfanCM of the riaes. anil the siri^nfifili 
fihjratcBl endurance of Ihe mtxei. Th? suRat muit be aildcd «i Iha 
ejcs* very itiailuAlly. elie loo much will be added, nnd the fr'tlinj; be 
loo hard. The llrM fraslinK on cnlcc »iioul<l he pui nn when flic (.ike 
iihol; it will then »lirk. Uk ihe (runilnK ulll/'nlct Ihc p'lm •>< the 
cake. The second coal inc c ill l>e put «n when ihe first is "lei" or 
haid. [)o not prcH hatil oRiiinsl die cuke, bul umpl)* spreiul li]{li(ly 
with a iipoon. Mark Into t^lltci wiih Ihe blade of n knife, hutbr sure 
the blade is Irce oi froslluK every lime i[ ii drawn over (he rake. The 
decontlin); fn>9tlut; muni lie fctitlcr thnn ihitt uaed fur llie tiifnj>lc cov- 
ering; this is done by adding more *uie»i. UniamentBl franingbii)pi 
■re made of a square niece of rubber cluih. placing the appo*lt« <ar> 
neralOKCiher and sening up theside: keep the seam on ilie outride. 
Cul a email funncHhaped tube in the smalt end of the iMf. and pul 
in llie (rosiinK; tniiil U|> Ihc Inrite end of the hue -lud by pressing on 
Ihc [op Ihe llow of froMJnt; tun be reKUtvlei). FrusiinK bag* rofl 
slxiy-two tenis each ul the siures. but a <tuar(er of n jrard of rubber 
clolb, coRtiriK iwenly-tivc cents, will molce four hags. The ilmirui. 
ing frmlinK wilt harden In iwo hours. It any i% left over. tI nill. il 
kept in an iiii-liKhi jar, do to u>e (or the Drue troslinK next lime; tral 
not for decora li UK- 

PnMtini;— with gelatine. — Disoulve a large pinch of gelatine In 
nix lablctpoon fills ol boiling water, strain, thicken with sugar and 
flavor wilh lemon, Knottgh lor two eakes. 

Frost-]>it«s— treatment of.^Veir fro^i-bitCH. mb the aflected parts 
wllh pure oil of pciipcnniul. It will also prevcnl the after eflcn of 
chilblains. Care should be taken tu use only Ihe pure oi], and not 
the cMcnec of pcppcrminl. as ihc essence will not have Ihe deurcd 
effect. 

Froit Feet— to euro.— For frosted feet, mii together one onocc o( 
luipciilinc and ihretrel'ghlh.* of an ounce of <rfl of sassafras. .'Vpply 
Ihe ti<i]ii[i'>n morning and even ins. 

Froien Lintba— cure fo«.- Dissolve from one-i]uarter to halt n 
pound of ilium in a giUlon of narm naier. and immene Ihe feet or 
hands in il when frozen, for ten ■>r liflcen minutes, and acure will 
Ix G fleeted. 

Ft«lt Tree* — hints on prtmiog. — From an experience of nearly 
fifty years in |»runlng fruit trees. I would say my preference would 
be to pfune in winter, and nni to that, after the leave* are all out 
and a* late OS Ihe middle of June. Ilia true thai the wound* from 
winter pruning do not beol as rapidly as from summer pruning, tiut I 
cannot see. after all, but the winter-pruned trees bca! ns umnd ai the 
summei-prunod uncs. In all caacs of pruning I would recommend a 
coai of thick paint, or ([raftin^wak, to be spread over the wounds, 
especially when the limti cul is over an inch tn diamalcr. I never 
coiuld find any diflcrcnce in the produtiivcoess of fruit on account oi 
different seasons nl pruning. My motto is, low heads for nit kinds of 
fruit tiee», with an opening In the top of apple ireei. Rhode Islanil 



WHAT EVERY ONE SliOVLD A'.VOW. 



163 



GfMninK trees do nol need \tm head* m »uininK, fis Ihc lowrr limb* 
olwajr* incline (owiird Ihc icruund. and Ihi^ Vrp limti* never mn high. 
Pear tree* of moat varielies should be hciulrd back on the lop or top 
limb*, as they (re<|Ucnlly grow entirely too high, nnd the lower litnh« 
arv nut uflen in [he way. Peach ireet nceil very lUlte prniiint;. Hnd I 
would nul udvJHe. while planlin)[ lliem, (lie cultini;i>fl uf all limbiand 
the [Op, leavinjc nolhiiiK but a Mump or ram- wilh Ihe roots: thii 11 a 
common cuslom, or hiu been here, bui this method has been weighed 
In the balance and found wanting. I allow The main mcni of I he 
peach to niK u]> as far lu; It will, and irj' while ihciree isvmall Inform 
« symmetrical hrad. A very tlctle iiinimiiij; will accomplish this. 
I)o nol tut off large limbs from any kind of Ituii or omomenial ircc 
close to the inink or large limb of ihe tree; if large llmb^arccui. ihey 
shculd be cut one or two feel from Ihe trunk or larger limb, and (be«c 
Kumps should be shofiencd In accordlnjt as ihey vriti hear it. al Iwo 
Of three different limct. within Ihc ti(iace of from six lo ten years, t 
know lhc»c itun:>ps are unBijibtly. but I prefer health in trees lo sight- 
linciM. I have apple liecs thai were treated in Ihis Wny over six ye.irs 
affo. v"d are not cut nhorl enough yet. anil the siump« have nmir of 
them dieil ss (ar back ■* the trunk or limbs ihry were taken from. I 
know ii( tiuile a number of apple trcet wilh ihc large limbs cut clow 
(tiiiii'e mine were treated as above staled) that are now dead, cauaed 
by the [i>t eating into the trees from the cinie ci is, whileniy irre»arc 
in Ihe bcsi o( he.illli. The theory ol (his i«, Ihul the Ireci loiniiiue lo 
grow as usual white Ihe slump itrows but very little, and the tree Kel* 
so much larger than ilie stump that the culling of the stump aSecti 
the irce bul very lillle. 

Fruit Canning. — Those housekeepers who have nol been hiiccew- 
lul in their alEcmpIt HI fruit CAnniiiji, will timl Ihe (otlowitiu an encel- 
icni recipe: Place ihc fruii in either a uranite. iron, or porcelain ket- 
tle; never use common iron, brass, or tin for this purpose. Allow it 
lu boil for about hvc minutes, tiavc the jars In readiness, and sinnd- 
ing in II vciiel iil warm water, to thiil they may be healeil Ki»'liMtly. 
Just before filliiiK <he jar with (n)it. dip a lowel in boiling waier and 
wrap it around the Jar, and luck Ihc comers under the botiom for the 
jar to rest upon. Fill the jar quickly, and when full, thrust a knife 
10 Ihe bottom and stir it around several times, an<l the air bubbles will 
riac lu Ihc lop. Seal a» tight as posilhle. and Mtanil Ihe jar on Ihc top 
in a moderately cool place In a few hourw turn the jar up, and try 
lo seal tighter, standing it agiiiii on the top. Continue ihi* several 
time*, or until ibe cover is tightly screwed on. Stand the jars tn a 
co-)l. dark place in the cellar, looking at ihcm occaalonally tot a. few 
days. 

Fruit (C*atiti) — lo remorv. — To any one «o unfortunate as to be 
ohilgeil 10 move, it may be of value to know that canned fruit may 
be transported without fear of loss, if Ihe glass jars are securely 
pucked in Ktwduit. This roust be very lirmly prcMed down so that 
tuo jani cauDOt be moved by the Jarring ol Ihc wagon or car. 



I«4 



WHAT RVF.HY ONR SHOVIM KKOW. 



Fruit— to uui without cooking.— Hcaii ok the fruit mido more oi 
IcM lu lh« injur)! of iIh ilLivur. nnil ii Via. bcco lounil ibnt \iy fillinfc 
Ihe )«r* wilh (mil, and then wiih pure cold naicr. unil ii,ll<>v«in([ ibem 
In Miuiil until all the cunlincd nir h»» otcHpcd. (he Iniii will, i( ihcn 
!>eiLle<l porfrctly. liccp indcfmitrlir. iriihout change or loM oi »ri|inal 
flavor. 

Frait-ju>— to prevent breakiDff, — CaihiIcib fruit I* hot moiif;h 
worfc wlilioot any hui water or hoi Jara around, li<Hlca<l uf lliiB, iimp 
Ihr jim with « I'lwcl tatuintcil witb cold water, and pour in ycur htil 
fruit, Any unr wh'i Xm* not (rivtl it wiil nnturally %xy. " That U the 
mrc war <" hrcak the jurs," I would uy, juit trt' one jar and «cc. 
We hare canned hundreds of Jan. one and iwn quart*, and have 
tKvrt broken one In Qiling. t can'l explain why. Iiul dimply know 
ihal it i^ ltt<' (art. 

Fruit-jais— to r«Qd«r 4ir-tig;ht.— When canning fruit hai-c a cup 
of flour pu5ie rciidy: if your ru libera are old. ot the ilnc Tinip or 
cwcra are bear a liltic. yuu may itllt make Ihcni air-iiKhl with the 
pauc. If you arc at all doubtful about the conill(ii.>n »( your («n il ia 
a )Fond noli<in to uac ihe pjuile. 

Fruit-cans <Tlo>— to utU In.— Perhaps une o( tbc mot* appro- 
priacc uses of an old fturt-can that can be dericed Is to malEc it con. 
utbute to the growth oi new fruit to fill oew cans. This is done in 
Ihe following manner: The can I* pic:rccil wiili one or mure pin hole*, 
and Itiea sunk into liie earth near ilie ruois of Ihe strawberry of to- 
mato or other nlunls. The pin holes arc to be o( such »i/c Ihal when 
the con ii tilled with water (he Kutd c.in only ocape into the UTOuad 
very slowly. Thui a quart can. properly arrancetl. will extend iu 
irrigBlion (« llic plant through a period of teversi days; the can ii 
then refilkd. Practical trial* of ihi* mrihod <•( irtJKalion leave no 
doubt of iu aucoea*. Plants thus watered flourish and yield the muat 
bownieoun return* throughout the lonf^i droughts. In all warm 
iDcalitle*. where water ii scarce, the planting of old truit-citna, a* 
lerc indicated, will be found piohuble as a regular Kurdcning opera- 
i1d«i. 

Fntit — how to dry. — Pate and core peaches, pears, iiuincea. or 
citron; make a syrup lUvored with lemon peel; boil the fruit till done; 
drain it in a colander and spread on dishes. Place in tbc sunshine 
Of a moderately hcaicil oven until nearly dry. Sprinltic with I'lat 
sufNT, dry a little tn<irc, Ihcn |ia<lc them in boxes and put in a cool 
place. Citron mu»l be boiled in clear waler till vou can pierce ti with 
a fork. BDil drained through a colander before It is put in ihc syrup; 
then let it boil unlll it is clear. Pourbailinn water on the lemon rind 
and let it sUnd '-vri night before flavoring the syrup with it. and it 
can be dried with the fruit. 

Fruit DrTiagr Hiitti.— Families of farmer* ennged In drying 
(raitfl are reminded that the CoUr heal is not suflieienlly iaionw to 
destroy in»ccl eggs that may have been deposited in the fruit when 
gie«i>. Of in the proccu of dfying. If put in a nioderutcty warm 




ll'HAT F.yF.RY QiVF. HIIOVIJ) A'.votr. 



lis 



nrrii for (sn miDUIcn alt parasites and Ihctr cfccH vrnutd be ieKtoycA, 
In counlr<H where fniii.i are cxicniivFly ilricd (he ireatmcTK ■* pnic- 

Fnilt E«tr«ct»,o(C,— how to malt*.— Good atcohol, one quart; oH 
ijf lunnii. luo viiiKcs. Itreak anil bniisc thr jicol of four Icmonn, 
and add l<i ihcm alcuhui fur a few days, Ihcn fitlcr. Pur currnntt, 
pcjthfs, (uspljcrries, piac-applcs. straw bcrric*. blackberries, elc 
tjJic iilcohii! and wtitcr hnlf nnd hnJf, nnd pour over Ihc fruit, entirely 
clivcciti^ ii, iinil ti-t It tuod t>i A Irw days- Formenccof cinnamon, 
iiitimri:. niiuc. viiTiilU, clc. pulrcriie cither ariicle ihomuKhty. anil 
pul iiboui iui> -luiK'ts (>( the Ksultinif powder to each jiini nf iciliiccd 
nlcohril. agiiaie the mixture frequently tor two week*. Ihen filter and 
color as de»ircd. 

Fruits — to keep freah, — Keoin, (wn pouiidft; t:Lll"w, two ouncct; 
bccKWiix. Iwi) ounces. Melt slowly ov«r th« lire in an iron pc>(. but 
dun'i boil. Taki- the truil neparaicly, and rub ii over witli puhcriicd 
chalk or whtiiiifi I'o pievcnl the roaiinx from ndhcring to the fruit), 
then iHp il inui llir fiiiliKiein once, nnd liolil il up a moment to set the 
fiiittittK. Ilicn piick iiwiiy iMiri'tutly in barrels, boxca, or on *helv». in 
a ctinl jiluce, I'nvquulcd for preservini; apple*, pean, lemon*, clc. 

Fruil Juice — to preserve without beftt. — InRnrdicnis; Ten 
pounds oi Iroh.gntllcred. plckcil. rcd>ripe cunanll. or other (ruil, 
tivo i)UHrlii Kild water, dvr uuncci laitaric iicld, nix pounds of coarse 
Hillril hUKiir. Put llic (ruil in n larKC enrlhcn pan. poui ihc watEr 
wiih the l^irtiiric ucid dissolved in it over ihe fruit, cover the pan with 
some kind of lid. and iillow the whotc to steep for twenly-fuur huun 
in a cold pUre. and it would be nil the belter if the pan containing 
the fritit coiild lie iiiiniertied in rouKh ice, NexCi pour (be steeped 
fruit inlii :i M.i»|ii:rided stout flannel baf!. nnd when all (he juice has 
run IhrouKh. tie up llic of>rn end of the ban. '>"<i place it on a larit« 
earthen dish, with anoiher <lijh upon it; place a heavy weight upon 
this, In preu out all the remaining juice, and then mix it with the 
other juice. Vou now put ih<' iiiflcd suxar Into the juice, and stir both 
logcihcr nccusi'inHll)'. until Ihc stinir ia ditaolvcd, and then battle up 
the synip, c<.>rk. and tic down the l>oUlc* with win, and Inep Iheoi In 
Ihe ice well or in a cold celKir. in a reclining posiUon. 

Fruit*— to (.ack Cof long diElances.— Take n box of the proper 
slle, toll papci, und korcl hum. Pliicc d layer of bran on the hot- 
tuin. Ihen e^irh bunch of ii">l>e» h held by the hand tiTrr a f^bect of 
the ixipcr: Ibc fnur corners of Ihe paper arc brouijlit up lo Ihe stalk 
and nicely secured; then laid on ii« side in Ihc box, and so on until 
the first l.iyer it Aniahed, Then du*t on a layer of bran, giving the 
box a gentle *hak« aA you proceed. HcKin the «erond layer ax the 
ftr«l, and ao on vnlil the whole is full. The bloom of the fruit is thus 
premrvod aa freah. at the end of a journey of five hundred miles, as 
if they were newly takeo fiom ihe tree. Kever fails to preserve 
grapca, peacbe*. apricots, and other frull. 

rnilt— to preaerre without ■u|;ar.—FIIUoincttun«wiilc-nioutlied 



i66 



ir/ZAT SySKi' OA-E SHOULD KNOW. 



boltloa with [bo fruit <»refulty pickvil. and ki Iheni Inn copper Of 
Wkc kolllc: lli«n Gil (he kettle with ta\A water nearly up to tbo 
moulhB ol ihc liollles. Corlci Biiould hr. prrpar«d to fit Iha bolIlM, 
ond a cloth should be put unilcr the bottomi o( the lioiiles lu prev«iil 
Ihctr ciackinK tilth the lient. l.iuhi the f)tc under the Itclllc. and 
hcol (tic water to one hundinl itnd »ixty i>r unr hundred anil irvcnlf 
dct;r«m. This heui nhnuM hi^ ■.iniiinuot (or !i:il( an hour, when the 
fruit will be KuSicicntljr noLldtd; after that, fill up the Ixitlles vilh 
builing: water to within an inch of (he cork, and cork itiern tightlf. 
l^y the boiileii on tbeir *id»; change the poallion of ihebntlleioncc 
or twice a wrrk during the flrat two month*, lumlnii them rouml to 
prercnl iin)' fermcntution that miifht lake place. Fruitk could aUo 
be ktpt by (he proem mentiuntd above fur meat*. rcniembrrinKthat 
they arc lo he scatdi-d only, not Imilcd, as in the cose with tneul*. 

Pniit Trc«9— to clear from insecti.— In three or four gallon* of 
w»tc(, mix one-half pound uf tobacco, one-half pound of lulphur.onc- 
quuitcr pcfk of unnUked lime. Sirriiice the trM* well with tbi> mix- 
ture, anil II iiill cHecluiilly d»troy blitjhl. 

Fniit Tree*— lo pceserre,— Fruit trees can be prnoed ai any 
time, providnl only fimnll limbs or twigi bavc to be cut. The rule 
hhouM lie li> Ml prune the trcca that no laige limb* would have to be 
cul. Ciii!i made in lune will heal Miunet thun »X any other time, but 
it requirvv tni're kati a1 that lime, aa the bark peels so euaily. 

Fruit Pest* -to drive away. — At a lime when fruit irrrs nre blos- 
soming, and when the sparrow* and bulKfinche* hnve commenced 
(heir annual r>tul« upon ihcm. iIip Frc-nch h;ivc a way of driving away 
lhe«eiliniinul>vr plMKucH. Thik con»iiilt> i>l limc-wa^hiiiK the trees. 
When thut whitened, the birds disappear, and there is no (urihct oc- 
caaiiin to dri-ad Ihcir ntlacks. 

Fuel~ecoiiom]r inDnns,— The best ofall medns of invlng fuel U 
the (olIowinK^ ^ut a piece of sbcct-iron one cl|thlh i>( an inch thick, 
(•( n tihaiic ariil siie tu ir>ch within one inch of each Hide of the itraie 
b':<tton). nnd lo i>rojee( one and a half inchn in The front. Lay this 
«Tcr the bottom ^ratin);. Tn making the lire, hall fill the \^*M wiili 
coals; then put some shnvlnifi or paper, and over this some trucks or 
bil* of charcoal. On the top lay a (cw of yciiterday'a cinders, and 
fln.'Uly lome pieeco of coal, not dhoveled on. but carefully laid by 
hand. Many trrvanla iriU ridicule thus llichling n fire "at the X»rif, ' 
*nd will tell yiiu the fire will not " catch" downw.-irds through the 
toal. But tiy it, and you will find that this plan nut only saves an 
)ncTe<liblc (|uanilt)' of coal, but that it taves the housemaid trouhte, 
and the room ia far better warmed. The (ire i* in Iw replennhcid at 
the tiolt<-m. tiy jiultinK piece* on the ledge »nd jiushing Ihem in. also 
wherever an opening occurs among the live coals, but ne>'er on the 
top. The shovel and poker must be discarded, and only tongs und. 

Fu)iCi~topie*erTe. — Take two ounces of sulphate of copper, or 
blue vtitiol, and rc<lucc it to powder, and pour upon It a pint of boil- 
in{[ water, Mid when cold, add bail a pint of opiriia ol Wine; cork it 



WHAT EVERY OXE SHOULD KNOW. 167 

well, andcntl ii "iIir pickle." To eight plnti of water ailil one pint 
HiJ a )mI[ of »pirits of ninr. aiid call il " Ihc liiiuof." He pmvii1<\l 
wilha DUinbcr of iridt-mfiiJllK-d l"iltk-» "f iliOtrcnl »iic». all well 
filled with corlu. The ivxi%\ shouM tic lefl un the table ns lung as 
possible. \a allow the molnture to ernporaie: ihey should then be 
placed In the pickle for three houis, or longci If necessary: then place 
ihcm In ihc lioilleti inlciidcil for ihcit rect^pilon. -ind fill with the 
lii|u<>r, Thry iihoulil then be well corked and >cHkd. und uiraiif^od 
in uider with tlieir namet in front uf Iho buttles. 

Furniture — to rentOTC fing;er marks from. — Sweet oil will re- 
move fiii)i;cr nisrkh friiiTi Viirni'fii-il furnilurc, and ke:roilene f rdtn ollnl 
fumiiutc. Patient nibbinj- with <hloro(onn will rcmdvc puni iTom 
block silk or any oiber Koods, and will not hurt ih« tnoit dclieiiie 
color or fabric. 

Furaiture — to clean. —An old cnblnci maker says the besi prcparo- 
iIdii felt iliMninij picliiie trnroes find reslortni; fumllurc. e*pcclnl!]r 
thai BotnewhMt inurreJ i>t »tTftlched. i» .1 inimure of thtse part* lin- 
seed oil iind one part spirits of lurpeiitine. Il not only covets the 
disfi^red suHace. but restores wood to its natural color, and l«iives 
.t IiiHtcr upon iT<i MurfHre, Put on with a woolen clolh. and when dry, 
nib with woolen. 

Furaiture — to remove brnisea from. ^Wvt thepurt in warm water; 
double n piece of brown paper fivt or si.i times, soak in warm water, 
and Uy il on the place; apply on that a warm, but not hoi. flat-iron 
till the moiBlure is cvapuralcd. It the bruise he not ipine, repeal tho 
process. After two or three iippli cut ions the dent will be rsiHcd to 
ihc sDtlnce. If the bruise be small, merely soak il with warm water, 
uud liiild a led-hot iron near the surface, keeping the surface con- 
linually wet — tile bniihe will (oon disappear. 

Furniture (Carredl — lo ckan.-^l'hc best duitler with wbich to 
clean c.-ir\-cd furnllure Is a new pajni brush; it will remove alt the 
duM with il. 

Fumituie — to remove mark* from.^To take marks otf varninhed 
fiitiiilure. wet a siHioce in cimimiiii .ilcuhol camphor, and "|tply it 
freely lu the lurniture. It li4>s nciiily. If not quite, the Bunc cRect 
th;ii varniih has, and is much cheaper. 

Furniture — to remove vrblte stains fiom. — I^lavc ready three 
piece* iif wm.lcn ciolh, wilh one well dipped in lamp oil (or if ihHi is 
not convenietil, linsi-id iiil.l iiih the »i">T briskly, wcl ihc wcond with 
alcohol and apply to oily surface, rtibbln); iiuitkly. ns too mttch alco- 
hol will destroy the rarnisb. and linally polish with the third cloth, 
inoitleneil wilh oil or furniture polish. 

Furniture Poliab. — For a polish to clean up and brighten old 
furniture, pianos, etc.. dissolve four onnrcs oranjjc shellac in one 
cglian of ninety -live per cent, alcohol: to Ihij add one <iuart of linseed 
inl, and one pint turpentine: when mixed add four ounces of sul- 
phuric ether, and four ounces of aqua ammonia; mix thoroughly and 



t« 



tf/fAT F.VEftV O.Vr. HHOULD KXOW. 



well before using. Applf with a cloth or (ponge, and nib lh« nitfoce 
lo which 11 i« applied until Ihc polliih ■ppcarc. 

Purs— to cl«kii— Fnr (U>k furs: wwm « qu«niit;r of new bran in a 
pun, lakinic cHre lliut il ilocsnol bum. lu prevent wMcb ll must be 
britkly Mirred. When well wanned, rtib it thoroughly into Ibe fur 
with the hand. Repeat tht« two or three tima, then Khake [he fur. 
aod kIvc ll another (Lhiup bnidiing until free from dutt. Pur while 
(ura^ lay I linn on n utile. nnU nil> well with hriin mmlr moist with 
warm watei; rub unlit tjuilv dry. und iificmurj with dry bran. The 
wet bran thouU be put on wiifa flannel, then dry with book tnuslln. 
l.lKht fuii, In addition to the above. t,huuM be well rubbed with nioR- 
nrsia or a piece of book rouilin, after Ihc bmn ptoceM. Anainsl the 
way of the fur. Si>i1cd trbite fur cnn be ni<ely clmncd by rubb^nK it 
thoroughly in white flour. It should Ihen be hung out of doors for 
about Itilny minuici. Repeat the proeeis several titnes. and the fur 
will be «qaal to new. 

Fur*— to dye. — Any dye that will color wool will alto color furs. 
In buying fur*, cxanine Ihc density and Icni-th of the down next the 
ijfin; this can caaily be dune by blowing bri&kly iiitainst the set of 
the fur; if il ta v«ry c'osc and dense. It is all right, but if il opens 
enklly and exposes much of the skin, reject ll. 

Furs— to prescrre,— Any of Uic followlnx recipes may be used; i. 
Liiy up aloiiK viiih the (uin lo be prcterved u tallow candle. 

1, Take out the (ura from the drawer, etc., IrecjUently. Wiii ilietn 
well. expoM ihem to the air. and scent Ibe box wbere lliey are kept 
with «plrlu of lurpcnilne, camphor. RussU leather, or cedar wood. 

3. Pepper them well before puiilnK them away. 

4. Wiuih them over with a very weak »<:>luti'>n of turriMive subli- 
mate, tf this sululion leave a wliiie powder on ihe fur when dry, it 
Isloosirong; ten i^alns to the pint will be enough. 

Furs— to revive,— Thoroughly sprinkle e<rcnr parinlth hi't Hour 
and tuind. and brush well witna haii] brush, llien brdi with u cone; 
comb it amooib with a wet ecimb, and prc» it carefully wiih a warm 
iron. For ennine Die piaster of I>aria instead of flour and sand, and 
treat In Ihc utmc way. 

Call! — from Hddlc or liAmess— to be*l.— White lend and llaneed 
oU, mixied aalor paint. ii unrivtilrd iut huiUng saddle, harne**, or 
eoHBT gill* and bVuisci Try it, upply'ntf with a bnub. It soon 
fofsn* an alr-tlght cuaiinK and touthes ihc pain, powerfully aafistiog 
nature. 

Cam*— to improve the flavor oC'-Gamc of any kmd which ba* 
hecn kept loo Ionic <o Lie pleasant, which 1* freqoenlly ihe cate with 
groute. may be very much improved by beioK placed fur a nii;hl in 
milk, Ka Bs to soak thoroughly, after tbey have been piclced, dmwn, 
and washed ckan In warm water. Tbe game vili eoolc a ereat deal 
better for the snsktnii;, und ihc high flavor be much diminlsbed. 

Game — to rentove fishy taate from. — Pare a (lesh lemon very 
carefully without L>rcaltii>|; llic thin white inside skin; put Inside a 



WHAT F.VEKY O.VS SHOULD KNOW. i6g 

wild duck and keep II there (atly-clght hours, and all the fi^hf tnste 
go diwmTcealjIc In wild (owl will be removed, Every twelve hour* 
remove the l^mon nntl ic|>iuic niih u (le^h one. A lemon thu» pre- 
pared will absorb unpkimunt Huvurs from nil meals and ipirac. 

C«pes inChicluns— to remove. — Camphor piUi will cure a chicken 
oi the |CApe4, No medicine can reach ihcm unlets it does >o by vapor. 
An hour xflcr ihrchickcn hushWAtloweq the pill it t^mells of camphor. 
Camphor is ii very strong vcrinKugir. »iiO ilie worm* <l!e. 

Gapes in Fowls— to ctire. — The parasite that causes gapes in fowl 
U <i( ft fell color nnil about thr«.<iu»rtcfa of an inch long. The reme- 
diet aci: nuinrrous, bui chielly conkiM in rcmnvintc the worms. Oac 
way is \'> moidten h (vuthci l("m which »ll bul (be tip ol the web has 
been stripped, with. i>ii. mill wuicr. or a wmk solution of ciirbolic 
acid, introduce it into the windpipe twist It around uncF«r twice, and 
then wiihdraw It. A tcaspoonful oi sulphur mixed vrith a quart of 
com meal and wnter, and fed 10 the (owl» morning and evening, U 
alto a good remedy. 

Garden {Hansinsl — to make. — A hanging garden of sponge is 
one o! the Inicst novelties In natdening- Take a while sponge ol 
Urge «iie, and ^qv It (ullof licc. niifs, or n>he»l. Then place It (or a 
week or ten days in a ahalliiw dish: and. s» the sponge will Hbsotb 
the moisture, the seeds will begin to sprout before many days. When 
thl« has fairly taken place, the spoiwe may be suspended by means of 
cords from a hook in top of the wlndovr, where a little sun will enter. 
It u-itl thus become n, living moM of green, requiring aliitlc occoalon- 
al moisture. 

Gardeners — hints to, — The handles of pruning knives, and all 
other implimenis liable to be lo<i. should be painted of a bright ted. 
The hamlleii ol knives and other small tools are usually of a color lo 
tKAt iliiii ol the soil, or thai of the biancbc^ of trceft and vines, ibal 
it is ri'>t c^i^y Ii' lind Ihem. if misplaced. 

Gargling Oil i Merchants'). — Take two and a half gallons linseed 
oil. tivo and .1 hall gallons spirits of turpentine, one gallon western 
petroleum, eight i>uncc> liquui potass, one onnoe lap green, mix all 
together, and it is rcwly tor use. 

Gat|[l«— for sore throat. —i. A large tablespoonfut of Aali to half a 
tumbler of nnlcr, used as a Rar(;le for sore throat just before meal 
time, is an cxccllcni remedy for such complaint. A little red pcppet 
should be added 1 1 the salt water doe» not prove »ucccm(uI. Ked 
pepper, lioney of ^'Ugur. nnd Aharp vinegar, Mmmeicil logclher. .tnd 
then icmpcted uiih waicr so aa not to be too strong, ia a good reme- 
dy easily oblalnrd. 

3. For sore throat, three drops of carbolic acid in a (ablespoonful of 
water, used (rccly ns a gargle, m a simple remedy one can keep in the 
house, and savct many a doctor* bill, 

C*rKct in Cowa— cure fw.— It is uid that eight drops of tincture 
si acvnile dropped on a piece of bread and mixed with the food ai 



170 



WIJM r KVKXV O.VF. SIIOVU) AWOW. 



(light, and next morning (our dropa more ffvva in ihe umc manner, 
wfll ijcncriillj- (omplctcihc cure of RatgM in <ow5. 

Gu^nienti (White Knitted) to clean.— Take iliniie noi needing 
wii>Ii>nic. WiiiK only »li|[hily ttriird. place them In > plllow-caae, one 
ji a tiiiir. tprinklc flmir through it. and »h«ke well, until it locili* tu 
briti^i as new. Boriix is cxrdlent lo wiuh fl«nn«l« ivllh, dissolved 
in iukcwarm vaier. 

Cu-meter— to prevent from freesinc.— HdU a pint of gooi 
Klyirtiui- ih HHid III ptcvrnl the ((cciinii of one K"ll"<f "f wnicc, 
ihuuK'i i>( Id! iloubic ilic prii|>»rlion in preferable in the toutilry, ' 
whatever ihc If [nprraliire in the winter rnay happen to be. 

Geeac how to select.— In old liittls the bills nnd feci ore tril. in 
youDK oni-j^ they iirc yellow. When (resh kilted, the Icet nre pliable: 
whcii Umit kept, they hccnnic cjuite silll. It i» Mild IhHt icreK- will 
thrive better, and their fictih lie moie deliCKlely llAvared if led upun 
tuw pDlalaen. than upon any other subtlance. 

Gems.— One egg well beaten, one cup sweet milk, d Utile salt, and 
fitifhrlent (irMhum tkmr to form a rnther slid hatter, will make csicl- 
U'nt Kcnis. The K^m.pan* mufi lie heated well, Kreauted lh<.mui(hly, 
then filled even (till with the liatleT. und put iiilu a very hot oven to 
bake quickly. ' 

Gems (Cora).— One scant pint of meal, two lable«poon(ul» ol sufKr, 
a ICMpoonful of salt, and a generous pint of lM>llini{ milk. Stir 
thorouehl^ and let stand until coot, then hiir In three beaten eitgs, 
and bake in I'Ullcred gCDI-pans. \ 

Gems iGrahun). — t. Get fine Graham (lout which you know to be 
made lA ilic whole whotl, with the skin cut fine Instead of belni[ in 
lurce tiMkr.v, Into n dish of pare, ruld, fresh water, >tay one quart, 
stir thit fluur, »iflinK In with one hand, nnd Mirrinit nitli .1 spoon in 
the other, until it is a little loo thick to settle llat nhen )*ou i-top stlr- 
tinf. llavc your French toll.pans hot. (ill them niih the bnlter. put 
them at oncclnlo a hot oven and bake Ihem on the lop fir*!. 'I'hi* 
prcvciil"! the e*tapc of the all, by tile expansion <jf nhkh they are 
made liKhl. After ten or fifteen mieutea plaee on ihe bottom of the 
oven and bake as much lunger, or till they are done. 1. cea Ihef will 
readily loosen from the pun. Serve warm or cold. 

3, l>ne pint xweet milk, silr In Giaham flour until ihe biiiier !> a 
little thicker tlinn for f-^'ddlc cakes; add salt, one lrAsi»i<mful of 
sogar, and one ecg well t>e«tcn. CaM-iroii Kern-pans are best. 
Grease and make very hot before the halter is put in; bake immedi- 
ately. In a hoc oven. 

]. To one plot of sour milk take one egg, one apnonful of sugar, 
well beaten, and otic lca«puun(ul of soda, and toad tmb Gruham 
flour enough to make a Mill batter. To ho Ixikcd in iron gcm-pons 
with a quick, hot Grc. They will be delicious, light, pully. and 
tender, 

GtBtiMi— raedlCAl UMS of.— Gentian Is an cxcclleBt tonic and 
Vtomachic ; but when j(iveii In large dotes, It ant as an aperient. It 



WHA r EVERY ONE SHOULD KNO\%\ 



>7> 



bUMd tnteraallf In all cmm ot general dcbillrv, and, when oom. 
bined with baik. U uiett In Interniluriii fcvrr*. It has alau been em- 
ployed in in[li(Ec«lii>n. imd it \% somclimcH used, combinc^d with 
i-olaliie iiilt. in ihoi diMasc; but «l oUiei [imti aluoc. in Ihc foim o( 
Snfutlon, Ailcr diarthtra it pri>vc» a UMful ionic U*c.l rxicrnatly 
iM Infusion is somciimcs applied lo foul ulcers. Xieatt: Of the infii- 
■mil. one- nml a hnlf lo iwo ouncct; of i lie tincture, one (i> (uurdnLin*; 
or ilie enlraei. \n>ta icn in thirty eriiins. 

Gcruiiums <ScArlet>— to prea«rv« the old plants through the 
winter.— Tike iheni out ol the bordtts in autumn, before ihcy have 
received any injury from frost, arid let cbln be done on n diy duy. 
Sh»kc ofl all [he earth from their root*, and *utipend Ibcrti. with their 
linds duwnw^ird. In a rrlkr or dnrk rniim, where lliey will b« free 
(ti>m frusi. The IcnvH »iid »liin>(B will become yetlow and Mcklf; 
but when potted about the end of May, and exptneii to a finite heal, 
they will recover and regeijic luinrliintly. The old plnni>, stripped 
of their Irave*. may aU« be packed cloiely in dacid; and in IhiH way. 
if kept free from ftini, thry mill t.hoot out truni the roots, and may 
be repotted In Ihc HpriiiK' 

Germui Paste — uaeful food for singinE-btrds.— Take nnc pint of 
pcii-riour. In which rub a new-laid egg^ then ndd (w'> ounces nf fresh 
lull) and three ounces of honey or treacle; cuniiniic lu ruli this vtll, 
su aa \a prvvent Its beint; In larxe lumpn: when |t<il In h fine powder, 
put il inid a clean cnrthen pipkin, and place It over a kIdw and clear 
lire, until warmed through, mining ii nil the while to prevent Its 
burning. When sutGclently hoi take il u0 and pais It ihroutth a. Ane 
wire sieve; then add about two ouncct of ma u' -teed, and if liemp< 
seed IB ihiiuKhl rs^enllal. give the small Ru»>iiiiii wlii.lc. in preference 
lu the common sort bruised, as It only tend) m brinic on the husk or 
dry cough. Birds will cat it whole, and it will do ihem equal good, 
and prevent nasty and troublesome compUints. which oftentlme* 
tlop them whrn in full song, until they tulng up the small particle* 
of the hulls of the bruised hrmpMed. 

Gh«kio9.— Take small cucumbeis (not younj-), sleep for a week in 
very «ron(£ brine; tl 15 then poured off, heated to the bDlltng potnt. 
Mid SKuIn pouted "n the fruit. The next day Iheshcrkmi are drained 
on n sieve, wiped drj, piil into bottle* or jars. »lih some spice, gin- 
ger, pepper, or tayctine. snd at once Covered with klroriK pickling 
vinegar. 

Gilt Cornices — to clean. — Wath litem w«ll with waim inltk, and 

poli^ll llirni wllb a i^oli wa:ih- leather. 

Gilding Chiix and Glass.— I'owdc red gohl is mixed will) burait 
and gum-Batrr, iinil ilic soluiiiin applied with a camel's-halr pencil. 
Ileal Is then applied by a stove until the borax fuses, when the gold 
is fixed and aflenrnrd burnished. 

Gilding^to clean. — Remove all dual M-ith a. *ofl brush; then wash 
the gilding lightly and rapidly with WHrm wuler in which an onion 
has been boiled. Dry It by rubbing with soft cloths. 



r;» 



teUAT EVERY OXE SHOULD KXOIV. 




Gill Fouoe»— 10 cl<*a.— When the ailt framcnoi picture* or loolc- 
itiH -It !>"*», or ihc muldingi of rooms, have tpcclu of din upon them 
fruiii fl](-< i>r i.thcr rausci, ihcj may be deancd with while of e(f|f, 
luld I'd wiih a rarnrl'H-h.iir pcnrll. 

Gilt Ffune*-'lo brighten. — Take tufficicni flour vi sulphur lo 
give a golden tiriKc u> abuul one And one-half- pi nli of n«lcT. and In 
ihli Ijoi! four or live liruivcfl onioon. or gnilic. which ndl nniiwer the 
»iime purpiitie. Slmin I'll the liijuid, and nllh It. whirn cold, wa«h 
H'iih » snft tiniiih iifiy k''<I>'1K H'hich rci|uirc« rrslorini;. and when dry 
it will cortie oin tt» hliulil .i* rrw w<>rk. 

Gilt Prune*— reviver for. — White of ckks, two oiuiecc chlorldeof 
piiiHhh or tcida, one ounce; mix well: htovr oH the duiit from (he 
Iriimcs; lh*n no over ihcm with « «o(i brui.h dlppcil in the mixture, 
&nd they nill Hpirnr r(|ual W new. 

GUdiilg Li^uid.^ — Tnkcuf line icnid. five ounces (iro}'); DJtro-inta- 
rlnllc ncid, fiit)--(no ounces; di»nlve by heat, nnd continue Ihe heat 
until red or yellow vapors aic evolved; dccuni Ihc liquid Inia & 
pruper ve<>t-cl; ndd of dliillltcd water, {our gallonii; pare birarbonalc 
of nutatli. twrntf imjuivU; bull f<ir (wo hount. 

Gil ding— wit bout » battery.— Cleiui the tilvcr or other onicLe to 

: Hitdcd niih a lirush and a little amtnoniA wuter. until il i» evenly 
iriuhl wild *h>»ix nil toniliih. Take a »niall piece of gold uid ditsolrc 
It in abuut (our llnic-t iiE vulumi.' (i( roctnllk mcrrury, whii;h wtU be 
tkCMmplMicd in » Uk minute*. foiniiiiK u" »ni»1u»iii. IVii a liiilc of 
the amallpkm t>n » pirie «f dry cl"th, rub it on the article to be gilded. 
Then pUce on a .iitot;c in n furnace, luid heat to the beginning »l red- 
UTM. After cooling, il niu*( be cleaned niih n brush and » iiitic 
crciim vf t.iiltir. and n beMUlilul and perroancnl gildiiiK will lie("und. 

Gilding on Wood.— To gild la oil, tbc wnod atirr being pr>>perly 
prepared is ci'Vcred with ii COM of gold »iu, mudo of drying Unseed 
<ril mixed with yellow ochcc; when ihi» baa become kd div a« (o ad- 
here to (he hngctfi. viihoui soiling them, the sold leftf U (aid on wilh 
rrcttl care and dexieriiy and pre*sed down wfih cotton wool; places 
that have been miMird lire coveted wilh tmall pieces of gold leaX. and 
when the whole is dry. the ragged bits uie rubbed nfC with the cotton. 
This l« by far the easiest mode of gilding; any other nictiiUic Ii-avc* 
may be applied In a tiindai' manner. I'ale leaf gold ha« a gri-vnish 
yellow colot, and it an alloy of gold and *llver, Dutch gold leuf is 
only copper leaf cotuied with (be lumen of line; being much cheaper 
Ihan true gold leaf, it is very useful when large quantities of gllillng 
■re requii^ in places where it eon be defended from the weather, ns 
it changes color if exposed to moiiture, and it should be covered with 
varnish. Silver leaf i* ptepnicd every way the same as geld leaf; 
bu( when applied ahoulil be kvpl well covered wiih varnish, other- 
wife it is Hable to tarnish; a transparent yclloir varni.ih will give it 
the Mppe-iranceof gold. Whenever gold i» lixeil !>y means o! linMed 
oil. it will iTur washing off, which humlsheil gold will not. 

Ciacer Sii*p*> — One cup of lard, one cup uf ni(>l»MM:«. one cup vA 



WHAT EVERY OifE SHOULD KNOW. 



US 



kugar. one leaspoonful of glni^r. on« ira^imonriil of nodn <tEwo1ved 
In a liide naicr. Boil Ihc »ugnr, mot.issn «nil Urd Tn'c minuie*; let 
tl cool, thru aAA Ihc oihcr mgrnlLcnls. ond Sam to inaktr tlift: bukf 
in ft citii' k iwfii »n<l krcrji in n ilry, open jiIacc. 

Clau— how to cut.— It is m>l Kcnrralfy known that gla»i mny be 
cut, under water, with a MrotiK puir of ocitaun. If a lounil or nvtil l>c 
required, tskc n piece of comiocin window Klnm. draw the i>hu]>e U]H)n 
It In B black iine; tlnk It with your left hanil under wufer xi deep lis 
you cun u-ithout inierlecinK with Ihc view ol the line, and with yout 
ri)[bt uae the tidM»r!< to cui uway whul in noi icquircd. 

Anolbcr way i« lo dip ^ woralcd thread in Hplnt* of turptrnilnr. Mnd 
tic it (lo*c round Uic ulns* where it i« inlcndcd lo be cut; then ncl firo 
to ihc ihrcaii, and, while It i* bumina, plunge Ihc Klasn into cold 
water, or welt wet llie ihrcail with li. The glnst will break cosily In 
the liirti-tioii I'f the thmul 

Glass and China^l» drill. — Ti> drill china utte a copper drill and 
emer^'i moistened with npiriti of turpentine. To drill glass, use u 
alGcl drill (cmpecci! nn hanl u pantible nnd c4.mphDr and water m a 
InhricJini. Mul^ii-n ilir tm.! ulth dilute culphurlc acid. Thit la»i li 
belEct Ih^in lufiicminr, 

GUuses— hints upon asiiiE' — {"eraons findinK their eyes beeuminf; 
dry and itching on reading as well as those who find it necessary lo 
place an object nearer than fouiiecn Incbcn from iheir (ace lo read, 
need spectacle*. Persons under forty yeArs of sge should not wea,r 
UlaWM until the a<comniod»iiiti; power of the eyes hn» been sus- 
pended and the exact state of tclraclion delertnined by a competent 
Ophllialmic suiHCon, The Jipenade glosies sold by peddlers and b)f 
Jewclem gl;nI^^Jlly are hurtful to ihc cyc« ol those who read much, oi 
the l«ntcs are niiuk of iiifcrl<'r i^heei kIass anil are n<it symmetrically 
Kround. No matter how perfectly the lonseo may be made, unless 
they are mounted in a suitable frame und properly placed before the 
eye, dUcomfort will arise from ihcir prolonged ii»c. 

There arc three tvinenii ol eroding spectacle lente*. Ihe Rniill'h, 
the meirie «nd the f'russiaii. Those made lo supply the ileounds of 
(he trade in this country are carelessly made, and are [loor imilatriins 
ot either the English or the metrical system. The meliicaJ scale hju 
no English eqiilvalcni. is not graded by any uniform rule of dividing 
the inler-focal spacci^ and in therefore unsuiteU to the cxacilng de- 
mands of science. 

Persons holding object* too near the face endanger Ihe safely 'A 
their eyes, and incur Ihc risk of becominn near-sighted. 

The near-sighted eye is an untound eye, and should tic fully cor> 
rectcd with a gl««*, noiwlihsunding the tact It may ne«d no aid for 
reading. The proper lime in begin wearing glasses is just as soon as 
tha eyes tire on being subjected to prolonged use. 

Glus (lsitt«ti«n Ground).— I. Dissolve ninety grains of sandarae 
«nd inreniy grains of mastic in Iwo ounces of nasherl ether, and mid. 
in Mnall <{uanilties. a sufflelciicy of beuiinc to maka il dry wiU) « »ui^ 



174 IVflAT SVF.RY OA'£ SnOVIJ> J^.VOW. 

able BtDin—ion link mixkinK ihc vami»h luu Itaniipiircnt, and «iceu 
msko ii < rn)H.'y. The qusmily of bcniinc required depcnil.i upon iu 
quality — ffin onchsilf lo one ond ODc-half ounce*, or even moic, bm 
the licit tcsulii iiTc K<)t wlih a medium quality. It In important lo uae 
naithcd ether, Itcc iinni ipiril. 

3. To itiakr iiiiilnliiin t;'"ui>d Kluiits ihnt stMtm will nol dcMroy, put 
■ piece i>l putty in mu^Kn. iwiit the fabric light and lie ii into th« 
liliBpi; of n pud: Weil cle.-in the gUs.i lifsl. and llirn putiy It all over 
Tlic putly will cjnitlc lutfificntly ihrough the muslin lo render Ihc 
Slam oimtiiie. [^t il dry hurd: iiml (lirn VHniiah. If a \\:Mein ii re- 
quired, cut il uul in \>a]^T n-t n flendl, iilure it su us not to slip and 
proceed a« above, removing ihe »ie«cil when liniihed. If there should 
Iw any objection Iu the exiilcnce q( the clear upaco, clear with 
slightly opafjuc vatnlih. In Ihlx way very neat and cheap ilgne may 
be pnintcd on tHiitst dour*. 

Glass Stoppers— to loOMH. — Put one or two drops of sweci oil 
round the stopper, close to (he mouth of Ihe botllc: then pot il a little 
distaiifi^ Iroin iIkt fire. When ihe decantt^r gets warm, have a wooden 
Inslrumrnl with « cl'ith wiapi^ed tishlly round il; then Mribe Ihe 
■iloppeT, hisl on one bide, tlien on Uio other; by purse verinj; a little 
while, you will tnoKt likely get it ouL Or you may lay the lioille in 
wurm water. »o thiil the nt:c\i of the mcipper may Ire under water. 
Let it Kuak for a lime, then knock il witti a wrxxlcn inslrumeni »» be- 
fore. To remove a ulass stopper, drop lome slycerinc in Ihe sur* 
roumling ctevite, nod after ati nouror two ii will loosen. 

Gloss Tubes— to bend.' -Hold ihe tube In the upper pan o( ibe 
Hume of a svir it-lump, revolving it alowly between Ihc fingers; when 
red hot it mity be easily 11.-111 into any desired shape. To sullen larxc 
tuhci n Ump with a double current tif air should be used, as it j^vcs 
H miii'h ain-ingcr hcJt th.in Ihe simple liimp. 

Gloss— to prevent cracking. — ). While pourlngvery hot waicr Into 
a tumbler, or other kIohh vct>*cl. never hold Ihetumlilcr in y<>ur band, 
but leave It on u tray or table. It is advisable also to warm Ihe ffiuM 
hrfote u^^ing it, and lo keep a tipoon in it during the lime of pouring. 
The»e aie Ihc hetl methods to prevent the cra<kinK of the glOM. 

3. I'lnii- your liimblcr*, chimneys, or vpiwcl» whifh you desire to 
keep fiuni crnckinK in a \«i\ tillfil wilh ruld wairr and !i lilllc ccxihiiiK 
tall; allow the mixture l'.> boil ncll over a iiii'. and Ihen criol alowly. 
C1a»t treated in this way is said noi 10 eratk, even if exposed to very 
sudden cbangra of icmpenturc. Chimneys become very durable by 
this pr<>re»». which may also he extended 10 crockery. ),toncwarc, por- 
celain, etc. 'llic Jirorens is niniply one ol annealing, nnd Ihe Mower 
the procem, espeaally the eouliiig iH>iiion ol il, the mme eKeeiive will 
be the work- 
Glass (Soluble).— Tolte of pure iinnd. fifteen parts: charcoal, one 
pan; noil iiutiTicd poUAh, Ii-n parli. Mi\ and hcnt In n fireproof 
metiing-poi [or five bourn, m until the whole (uses unll>>rmly. Tal(« 



WHAT BVBRY ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



r>9 



out the melted mau; and. «rh«n cold, powdrr it and diMolve \\ in 
bolllntc wAirr, 

Glma»— to onuuncnt.— In mnklnK icrolU, caglo, etc.. on gla*!, 
•Omc iiaJnlcrs put on the oullincH and »liBde* nnil. nnd llicn Iny the 
Bold 1^ ovct all: anuifacr good way iit lo Bcralcli the hlindcs on to 
tW gold lea! after tl js dry. ond put the colors r-n the bnck of the 
gold. Silver ledf may be udied In the Ntme manner as gold, but it 
will not wciir wi well. A very pretty letter may be made by incotpo- 
ratinf; silver with gold: take puper ftiid cut any fancy deslicn to hi the 
part* of the teller: stick it on the siie before layinit the leaf, alliiwinjt 
It to dry *nd wsab oH as before; then with a penknife rai-w the pjper 
fisure. and iheexoct «hape or form of the ftgure will be found cut out 
01 tbc Kold leltei: rlcan oil nicely, apply more slic, and lay silver 
lt*r CO cover tht- vaouit spoli; wash on when dry. nnd a very hand- 
lome letter wdl be the result. Colors may be used iiislcHd of dllvcr, 
if desired, ot a silver letter edged or "cut up" with ^old, will look 
well 

Glass and Porcelain GUdiag. — Dlii*olvc In llnieol oil an equal 
weiKhi either of ojpii! or amber: add at much i>il ••( turpentine hs trill 
«oablc you Id apply the compound or «io thus ftriiled. as thin ns 
ponlble. to the parts of the glass intended to be sS\\.. The glass is to 
be placed in n »tovc till It vill almost burn the finttcrs when handled: 
at thill icmpervlure the fiiic become* adhesirc, and n piece of ({old 
l«if. applied in the usual way. will immediately slick. Sweep u(I lli« 
■iiperftuous portiutis of the leal, and when quite eold it may be bur* 
nbbcd; laklnit care lu mtcrpose a piece of India paper between the 
giold nnd the burnltihcr. 

GlaM Powder. — To reduce slacs to a fine powder, fir^i hent It In a 
furonce to \\ slightly red heat: then throw it into cold water for a f?w 
minuiei:dry it, and after this preparation it may readily be beaten to 
a fine powder. 

Glaas—to drill and ornament.— Glajis can be easily drilled by a 
■leel drill, huidrneil but n<.<l drawn, nnd driven at a hiKh velocity. 
Holes of any siie, fium the Kiateenth of an inch upward, can b« 
drilled, by using spirits of turpentine as a drip : and. easier still, by 
tuInK camphor vitti the turpentine. Do not press the glass very hard 
snalnsl the drill. If you rei|u<rc (o ntnnmcnt ffiais by turning In a 
lathe. u«c a k'>™I "lill file .iml ilie lutpcniinc anil rnmphor drip, and 
-you will find it iiii ca-v iniiiicr 1" pifdiiv iiny shape you choose. 

Glass — KiindioK for signs, shades, etc. — After you have etched a 
name or ntncr de>ign upon uncolorcd gloss, and wish to have It show 
off to better advantaKc I'y peimiiiing Ihc light lo pa»a only lhroii|;b 
the lelivrH, yon can do ut by taking a piece of flat braitt suflieicnily 
large not ti> dip into the letters, but iiiiss over them when gilding upon 
the sorioce of the glass: then, with flour of emery, and keeping it 
[ wet, fou can grind the whole suifaee. very quickly, to look like the 
pound glaM globes often seen upon lamps, except the letter, which Is 
Mlcn below the general surfac*. 



176 



iri/AT syEitv OS'S should itKow. 



Gl«u on Linen— to produce.— Ptil bolKoK wnttr in a veB*rt, and 
' '. pfcccii ol while WAX «ni1 hj>crmtcelt about Ihr «iic of a half dol- 
X. boil wril ("if^iluf, anil ili<-ii romovo froin the fire and add Marrh 
mixfd uiih cold waLer. Siir ucll while mixing, and pot It bacli on 
the fifi;. Iioll iwo or three minute*, »tlrring nell. Rub well Into ihf 
clolhcs, itml when Ironing. u»e a common Iron, anrl then lAke> d»lnli 
cloth. wruTiic out well In hot walvr. and rub uvrr the ohiri and cuilat. 
and iitie the polithci tit-ht away, and I can really ttajr fou will have ac 
nke a. polish as any one could widi (ur. 

ClOM on BIftck Silk— to remove. -When the slimi is eauMd l>y 
constant wcnr. iiioitii'ii Use vitk wiih ti •■)>'iiii;e, lay a damp cloth over 
K, and pass a hot iron tjuickly ever the cloth Bcveral lime? [ill it is 
quite dry. 

Glov«*(K(d>— toclwui.— I. Make a ihkk miiiilDKe by iM^ilinR a 
handful (if llax-Mtrd. add u little dUwilved tr<i»|i, (hen uhcn the inix- 
tore cooli, with n piece of white llannet wipe the gloves, previously 
flticf) to the hAnd: use only enough u( the cleaner to lake oR Ihedirt, 
without Hilling through the glove. 

a. A tiiiiipio method otcleanloK white u( lighl-coloie^ kid glove*. 
is to dip a bit of flannel ill & Inlher mHdc ot niilk tind cvrd-»aap, and 
Rcnily tub the gloves till the soils disappear: a wooden moldof *. 
hiind ol tiuitable >l(e (rejitly fodliUte* this operation, but It you have 
none, yiiu mum put the nlove on your own hand. 

Glove* I Black KidaV-IO cleMl.— To ctean black kidglovcn take a 
tcatpoi-nful of s.iliid oil. drop a few drops of ink in it. and rub it over 
(lie jcti'ives wiih the tip of a (ealher; then let theoi dry in the ma. 

Clue Directions. — Good filuc should l>r of a light binwn color, 
semi-lianspaicni. and (tee from waves or cloudy line, (ilue toaei 
much o( its strength by frequent rocilinK; ihctefoie, jjlue which is 
newly made Ls preferable lo that which hu b«n rcbuilcd. The hol- 
ler Ihc K'ue the better the joint. In all large and long jriinti It should 
be applied immcdialHy after bolting. Employ prcMure until it n net 
or hardened. 

Glue (B«nk>iiOtei. — Diraulve one pound of fine glue or Relatlite in 
water: evaporate it till most of the water iscxpclled: odd half a pound 
<i( brown Mijtar. and pout It Into molds. 

Glue (Fire and Wktcrpiooft. — Mix a hMulful "f <iuU'k-liine wiih , 
four ounces of Unseed oil: llinn>UKh1y lixtvinle llic mixture; boil It to 
n good ihirkncM. and sprc-ad it in thin plates in the shade; it will be- 
rtitne vriy hwid, but <»n lie dlsiolved over a fire, like tominoo ijluc. 
and if. then fit for use. 

Glue t Family.!. — Crack the kIuc and put it In a bottle, add common 
whUky. shake up, corkiishl, and in tbreeor four day« it can be usctl. 
It irt|uitT«oo hcuting, will keep for almost any length of time, and U 
at all limes ready to iibc, eJieept In the coldest of weather, when it 
will requite watmint;. It must tic kejit tight, so that the nhisky will 
not evaporate Tlic usual corks or stopper* should uol be uMd. It 




WIfAT F.PRRV OfTR SHOULD KNOW. 



m 



ntll become clofc^d. A lin smppcr. coverinK ihc bottlci, but flttinK 
afi closely its poislble. musl be \twA. 

Glue — for inlaytng or veneering.— Scttci the best light brown ([tuc, 
Iree (rom it.iudi or sltenkt. Dissolve Ihls in water, nml lo evciy pint 
Add liiLlf n Kill i>( ilic liot vlnci^ar and half nn ounce «( jgiciKlnM. 

Glue — for labelling; on metals. — BciitifiK orHicr, one quart: pulver- 
i»d borax, two uunccs; Ki»n shellac, ioixt 'txxwtx^. Boil till ilisiolved. < 
One (or nuachinK labels to nictals, or tt will do lo wriie in!.criptlon 
with. an<t duM <jt ildb i>n a Utile bronic ponder over li, vnrnuhlng^ 
<iVi"r iho brrinnp. 

Glue (Liquid). — I. Id a widcmouthrd bottle dUlOlve cif{hl ounce* 
of best glue in half plat of water, by selling it <na veiielof waterand 
bealtnK it illl iliMolvcd; then odd (Jowly. conManlty iilrHng. Iwn 
ftiul n hall ounce* »1 «lronK nquaionl* (nitric acid), Keep it well 
corked, and :t will be ready for u«c. It is a liandy and valuable eom- 
poiilioD, a* It does not geUiiniie. nor undcrRo putrefaction and (er- 
roeniatlon, onit become offensive, and is always ready for use. 

1, Diviulvc one part i>f powdered alum In a hundred and iwefitf 
pariH ()f water; add one hundred and twenty pan* of k'uc. len of 
ucciic acid, -ind forty of alcohol, and di^cest. Prepared giue is made 
by diiaolvjng common glue in warm water, and then bidding accllc 
acid (strong vincear) to keep it. Dissolve one pound of best glue in 
one and a half pinu of water, and add one pint of vinegiu. Ii it then 
readf fur use, 

3. To one ounce of borax in a pint of boilin); waicr. add iwii ounces 
of shellac, and boil till the shellac is dissolved. 

4. A useful glue for faiilening paficrs together only by being welled 
by the tongue, is made ns follows: Uissolve one pound of i;liie or 
Kclaline in water, add half a pound of brown suK^r. and bnii iliem li>- { 
gethcr. Make into cakes by pouring into shapei. It becomes solid 
when cold. 

Glue — to niaitufacture, — This ankle I* usually made from ihe 
parings and wutc pieces of hides and skins, the refuse of tanneries, 
the tendons and other ollal of slaughter houaeB. They ought to be ' 
obtained and kepi in (he dry slate, I* prevent decomposition. For 
use, they are first steeped (or fourteen or Aflecn days In milk of lime, 
and ifaen drained and dried: Ihis consiltuiea the cleaning or the pre- 
paration. Ucforc conversion into glue Ihcy are usually steeped in 
weak milk of lime, well worVed in water, and exposed 10 tbe air for 
twenty-four hours. They are then placed lo a copper boiler two. 
thirds filled with water and furnUhed nllh n pctforalol false boltom, 
to prcvciii them from burning, and a* much is piled on aa will ftll th« , 
vrsMi and rest on the lop of il. Heat is next applied, and gentle , 
boiling continued until the liquor on cooling becomes a gelalinoui 
mass. The dear poriion is then run oft Into another vessel, where It 
Is kepi hoi by a water baih, and allowed to repo«e (or some houn 
10 depokll. when il is run into the congcatinK bodies ar)d placed In a 
cool bituaiion. The next moming the cold gclaiiDous mats is lurncd 



iTl 



WtlA T EVER y O.VE SUOUID KNOW. 



out npoa boards wetttd wiili w^irr, tiuil krc cut horiiunlally in Ihin 
nkM with ■ Mrdchcil ui«« uf brjiu wire, nnil into smaller coiic* 
wiih n raoinen«d fUi knife. Thcic nkes are placed upon nedinK* lo 
dry. altcf which ihcy arc dipped one by <inc Into tim wntrr acid 
«ll|{htly nibbed with a bruth wciici! wiih boilinu w«icr. to ijivr them 
a 1^o»: (hey &T0 latilly «t<>vc-<lricd tnr huIc ItiirftiK ihin liiric ibc 
uadititolved akins, clc. Ml in Ihe copper blreatrd uith w.-iier and the 
whole operation i> rrpeaiHlo^o and again, fti long a* iny KFluiinou* 
muter U estracicd. Tbc fint renninH* produce the Knesi .tnd beat 
glue. Tbc rcluae maitcr [mm the tanner* nod leather drc<4cr* yioUH 
on the Hircrace. when dried, fifty per cent, of its wcitchl in jcluc. 

Glue (Marioe).— I. India rubber, one pari; coal lar. twelve puis; 
hedlgcoity: mix. andodd twenty portiuf powdered shellac, pouroul 
to cool; when used, heal to about Iwo hundred and fifty dcKrccK. 

a. Glue, twelve pann; water MilBcicni la diHolve; mid yellow 
min. three p»tlt; melt: then addlurpenline. four pans; mix ihorough* 
ly together 

Glue — to mist moistare. — Glue, five parti; resin, four parts; red 
ochre, two partt; mix uith smallest (MMaible quantity of wafer. 

Glue <Parctin)cnt>. — pAii-hnicnt ahartags, one pound; WAter, six 
quarts. Boll lill diuulved, itlrain and evaporate ti> riichl con>i*I> 
encT. 

Glue (Portable)— for dranghtunen.— Glue, live ounces; lUKar, 
two ounces; water, cldhl ounces; melt In a water bath; coal it lo 
mold* Flit tide dlMolve in warm water. 

Gtue^to preTeot ctacking.^T'i prevent glue frum crackinK when 
dry. add ulii>ut one lablcspuunlul of i;lyccrine lo a pint of solulitm 
while ll is hoi. 

Glue (Waterproof). — t. Boll one pound of common glue in two 
quarts iif iikiiiimeil milk. This witbaiaoda the action of the weiUher. 

a. Melt fiiiiimoii glue with the anutllett poMiblc t^uantiiy of waier; 
add. by degrees, tinieed oi!. rendered dnring by boiling with litharge. 
While the oil i* l>ein)( added, the InKrcdlcnts must be well stirred, lo 
Incorporate thrui ihon>-JKhIy. 

Gtir**''''* Prcpatw'.ioa.— New rum. one quart; concentraird Hpiriia 
of arioiaonia. rififcr ilru{i»; glycerine oil. one ounce; liic irulpbur, live 
anil craejiall drB..n9, lugar of lead, live and one-haJf drams; put the 
Uqoor leto a botiie; add the ammonia, then (he other cumponcnt*. 
Shake the ctimpoiind occaalonally for four or five days. 

Gold Articlca—to rastera color.— Tarnished gold colored articles 
mav be rrMured by the following method: Dissolve one ounce of bi- 
carbonate of soda, one-half an ounce ol chloride uf lime, and i>ne-hal( 
an ounce of common uli in nbout four ounces uf boilinK water. Take 
s rle^n bruiih. and wash (he article with (he hot solution for a few 
vccundi anil rlnw immediately in (wo clean waters. Dry in uann 
vawduat. and 6iuilly rub over with listrno paper. 

Gold — •rtificial.^This is a new metallic alUiy which ii now very 
eucnxivcly used in France as a subidtute fur gold. Pure cupper, 




WUAT EVE/tV 0X£ SHOULD KS'OW, 

one himdrcil 'porU; tine, or. preterablf. tin. tcvcntccn piKU; maK^ 
hmU. Uk |iaiu; hMl-anim»ni«c, ihice-iixihs pnnt; <|uicK-Iinie, cinc- 
t'Khih [laii; (nrinr i>( lommwct, nine parls; me mined as foIloWH: 
The copper in inellrd first, and Ihc mu^nmia. sitl-ainmcniac. lime nod 
larlnr are ihcn added separaiely, nnd by dcftrecs. in the fonn of pov- , 
drr; lie uhole U miwbriiikly ulirrcd for about half an hour, so u to^' 
mix Itoi^'UKhly ; nml ihcn ihc linc l> nddcd i<i i>ma]l icrnlii* I'y throw* 
iiiK it on thesurfMe. and stirrinK till It isrntirely (uW: llie crucible 
is then covered, and the fusiun mnintiuned for about thlny-live min- 
utes. The surface is then skimmed, «adcbe alloy Js ready for cjui- 
intt. It has n fine Kram. U malleable, and lAkc« atplendid polish. It 
docs not eorroiic readily, anil d.r mnny piirpo«eit Is "n fxvi'llcnt sub. 
Klitulc [or Ruld. When larnilhcil. lis briltiaiicy can be rritnred by ■ 
little acidulated water. If tin be ompluyed Instead i>( tint, the alloy 
will be more brlllianl. 

Gold-fi»h— hint* (ML— Whetc gatd-Aah are kept In vcHels in 
rooms, tliey should be in tprinc wuier. The water will rciguire to be 
changed, accnrdinic (•> the sric nI Ihc vpmcI or the number of Ash 
kepi (herein; bill it is not bcII to chanRe the water I<"- iifien. In n 
vessel ihai will hold a common siied psll of waier. tiro fii^h may bo 
kept by chaiiicinictbc l«alctoncl^ a loitnifthi: and so nn in pmpurtion. 
If any food is supplied them. It nhould be a. few crumlM of bread 
dropped Into the water once or twice a week. 

Gold <CrWB)— to make.— Melt together nineteen grains of pure 
gold and Ave (trains pure silver. The metal thus prepared has a beau- 
tlliil Krt'cil shade. 

Gold (ImitationV—to make-— The following recipes fur metal* 
tesemblinf; i^Id are uld lu produce a metal which will sn nearly ap- 
prulirnale Ihe genuine as almost lo defy detecliotl. without a resort 
to thorough tests: Fuse, io(rcthcr with salipelte, Kal-Aiumoni»<, and 
pondered charcoal, four parts plnlinuni. two and one-half pans pure 
copper, one p>arl pure line. Iitu parts block tin, and an^ and one-half 
parts pure lead. Another good recipe calls (or two parts platinum, 
one p.irt silver, and three parts copper. 

Gold— to clean. — I>i«o!ve n btile Kul-Hmmoniac In urine; boll 
yi»ir Miik'i) c'lld Ihereln. and It will bet um« clean and brilliant. 

G«ld Lacquer. — Gold la<quer. closely resembling ihc real Chinese 
article, is made by Aral mi'liing to a perfectly lluid mixture two parts 
copal and one part shcllsc. Ti> (his add ttrii p«rts t:'^ hoiled oil. 
Remove Ihe tcmcI from the firr, and icradually mix in ten imtis oil of 
turpentine. To jcive color, add a solution of gum gullx in lutpen- 
line for yellow, or of dr.igon'j blood for red: a sufficient tjuaniity of 
coloring roalerlnl brinic used lo give ihcdesiml shade. 

Gold PUting; Solution— 10 make And applj.— Diuolve one-h«U 
ounce of gold amalxam in <ine ounce of nitro- muriatic acid. Add 
two ounces of alcohol, and then, having brightened Ihe article In Ihe 
usual way. apply Ihc solution with a soft brush. Rinse and dry in 
sawduhi, or with tissue-paper, and polish up with chamoit-skin. 



■to 



n'JfA T E VBk y ONE S//0 VIP K.VO »r. 



Gold— to r«fiac. — If you d»<re to feline gold from the bowr in«I- 
•!*. swcilKC or i>>il i( out very thin, then rut Into niurow txiiyt and 
curl up su as to prevvni ill lyiiiK dully. Drop Ihc pieces thus pre- 
pared inlo a vesiel containing good niltk atid, in the pioportion, of 
(tcid. two ounces: ond pure tain-waicr. one-h«lf ounte. SuHer lo re- 
main until thoroughly dluolvcil. which will be the ca«c In from iiiie> 
li»lf Hn hour 1u one hour. Then [loiir <|A the liquiil caiefully. i^nd 
vou will hnd the Kotd, in the ('>tni of yellow powder, lyinj; ut the 
baitom of the vcswi. Wash this irith pure wnier till it ceues to hnve 
«n iic[d tasle. after which you naay melt nnd cost into any form you 
rhoose. (roll] trmlcd in thin WAf may be relied on at perfectly pure. 
In nivUlng KOld use none olhiT thnn n rhnrcont Krc. »nd during th« 
process sprinkle ludtix-ire and itniiiiih inlo (he crucible uceasionallr. 
Do not niiempi to melt with stone coal, as il rendm the metal brittle 
and iilhef»i-e Imperfect. 

GoDorrhcra^posittvc cure for. — Liquor of pota«s. one-hHlf ounce; 
biiler iippif. one'hulf uunce; spirilH of tweet iiilrc. <ine- half ounce; 
balsam of copaiba, one-half ounce; bcM gum, une-Tjuurler ounce. To 
use, mix with peppermint water; lake one-half leaspoonful three 
limes per day. CuiC terlBin in nine dayfc. 

Goose iRoast). — Holland mush Hr)inc puiatoes : fill the goose with 
them. Whtn hall raasied. lake out tlie poiaioes and have ready a 
Mulhng of sage, hread-crumbs. parboilea onions; fill the goou And 
Unish raatiing. This in n t^eAi trnprovcmcnt on the old mode, aa it 
drawn out the fat. nod m»kes the fowl vety ilrliivHle. 

Gout Remedy. — ^Malf an ounce of nitre (suUpcIre). half an ounce 
of sulphur, half an ounce of flour of mustard, half an ounce of Turicej* 
rhulmrb, a <|uiirler of an ounce of powdered gtiuicum. Mix. and 
iHkr 11 l>tijlc>-|>o<in[ul cvcrjr other night (or Ihrrc ni|;;ht*, anil omit 
ihtri; nighiK. in a wineglBHsful of cold nnirr. water whirb tuis been 
previously well boiled. 

Gout (Chronic)— to cure. — Take hot vinegar, and put into h sit 
the table salt which It will dissolve, and bathe the part* nflcctei] with 
a »ofl piece of flannel. Rub In with the hand and dry the lout, etc, 
by the fire. Repeat this operation four limeti in tweniyfuur hours, 
fifteen minutes each time, for (our days; then twice a day for the 
same period; then once, and follow this rule whenever thesymptom* 
bhow thcnivlvcA at any future lime. 

Gout Tiacturt. — Vctairum viridr (wwamp helletiorc), half an ouiin; 
opium, onc-([uailcr ounce; wine, half a |>int. Let them stand for 
several days. Dose, fifteen to thirty drops, according to the robust- 
ncis o[ the patient. ;ii inlen'als of two to four hours. 

Craftingj; Wax— to make. — Common ginfiing wax in maite by 
taking one p.irt of laflnw, three of bec'>«wax and four of resin, and 
melting them together over a slow Itic Melt (he retrin finl. and put 
In the other ingredients after, stirring well together. 

Gi&hAm Waiers— for the sick.— One cup of Graham flour, one 
and wnC'lliitd cups of boilinj; water, and one-half leOApijolitul of salt. 




tf/tAT /.vf:t!V ox/: s//ori.i> /r.von: 



iSi 



Put Lho tail inio the boiling wuicr, pour ih? wixier eradunll)' i>n Ihe 
Graham, bent thorougblr. »nd «ct away lo cool. When coul, sprtu! 
on ihrcii or pniiii as thin as the blade of n knife. Bake in b modcr 
ate ovrn nbntii twelve minutes, Sirk pcupic cjtn r-M thU wbcn the) 
Crni fftl no olhtt bread. 

Gnwite — to imitate. — For the g'"""'' tolor. ilain yout white learf 
■o a ll^t leofJ ci>ti>r with lampblack and n liltle me pink. Throw 
on black »poli-. will) ntcTAniltnR tniLChlne. a jwlc reil. and (ill up with 
white hrdi'r ilic k"^<)iiiI n dry. 

Grape AmbrosiA. — ^Muke a batter as for gems. Lino a pudding 
diih irith the batter half an inch d«ep. Put on thiii n Inyer otKrapesL.j 
with tagat to ■wccien, (the Icih the Better) and a slight i.priitkllnii ot\ 
Hour, then another layer of gihpet, not inakinK Uie di>h more than 
hall lull. CoTvr the whulc with baltw and bake uii': hour, on (he 
top first, then on the tiuKufn. Be careful not to let the juice run 
anuj-. Scr^c wnim cir cold. l 

Grapes— to ke^. — If grapes mature perfectly they may be kepM 
for a toosiilefalil.- length of time if cut without bruisinn, und hnnic up| 
in u dry. (wil, iiiirl rathec dark celhir. The stem should be covered, t 
when tut, ttilh wax, and hun^ with the stem up. Imnialurc grape* 
will not keep In ihis nay or .inv olher. 

Grapes— to preserve all winter.— By the followinji process a 
KrenchniKn, M C'hatincaun. presetvot ([Tspes «o that ihcy ureas 
Itrsh in the spring and early %ummet aa when picked (rutn the vine: 

" The grapes are allowed to remain on the vine* a* long ■« the 
weather permits. They arc then cut In nuch a manner that a pica: iif 
Ihe cine remains on both nidcs ol the Mem i>l each bniich. 1 1 i* bent 
lo leave two buds or n<Hlefl above, and three or fmrr belnw Tbc 
upper end i; carefully sealed with wax. the luwer is inserted in a sult- 
ttuly .lijed vial filled with waicr, to which, in order to prevent ilccay, 
B quaniily of charcoal powder in added. The neck of Ihe vitil in iliea 
diiied arounil ihc bit of vine by mejinx of wax. The grape>l thus 
prepared are eilbrr hunn np. or laid on slmw or cotton, in a cool, not 
trceiinc room, where they tleep with no other care than removing 
Huch berrtc!! as will from lime lo time occaxionatly decay." 

&ape9— to preierre.— Take a cank or barrel which 'will hold wa- 
ter, rind put inio ii. liivt. a layer of bran, dried in »n oven, iirof 
•i>he». well ilrieil Amt sifleil; upt>n this plaoe a layer o( grapes well 
denned, and gnthetcd in (he allernonn of a dry day, before they are 
perfectly ripe; proceed llm« wilhaltcmaic layer* of hranornhhcsand 
gr.ipcs, till the barrel i« (uti. taking care that the gmpcs do nol touch 
each other, and let Ihc Ihi^I layer be of bran or a<>hc«: then close Iho 
barrel, ^(l that Ihe air may ii'>l penetrate, which is an essential point 
Grapn thus packed will kc«p fur nine or even twelve months To re- 
store Iheoi to fmhrievs, rut the end of the stock of each huncli o| 
graiu-i, nnd put It into ted wine, as you woyld flower* into water. 
White gia|ie8 ikhould be put into whltcwinc. 

Grapes {Waxw to male*.— To make wax grapes, take annealoj 



tS9 



WIMT Et^ERY OA'B SHOULD tCffOW. 



wire ihu I* Klfl«nouith.ro«iippon !l — I doo't rciDcmber thr imnbrt 
— hiimI n little cnllon on one end. double il over loprcvcix its iniiliiix 
off: then, iax arhal in cullnl Blucfe HnintiurK. color comnon reain 
with Ump-btttck and mcli K'oduall;. then dip the coiiun end in tb« 
rain, then In cold water, and ptc!» ii lishl viih (he Angcn: when )l 
Is coM contiiiuc (o dip It in rhc retiln. then in the w^icr to eooX, until 
jl i« M IsritC" AS wDfltcd. tirinic t^irrful ui (urn ii when juM out of the 
rtsin lu icci tfae teijilircd »tiAi>i' Hnil site: lasli*. dip in tiol wax previ- 
ously colored with blue und tpil puinl. and hold KOpe in ctip k> it will 
drain [loch kind h» in color ol p.iinl. 

CrapCTioM— winter ure ol. -All varlellca of cn^pevines not 
thomuKhly hHrdy i^h^iild rr«-ive lURic wifiler proieclion in wrurc 
beat rcsullH, and il i» claiinrd liy many that it pttfS to K>v? proltc. 
lion to (he hardicM Itindi even. SoDie^wemitiributc iheiisucccu 
with DHnnarc. Duchcu. Rogcr'i tlTbrid*. etc.. simply to coveting, 
while their nelghbi>rs siganlly fnil nlih the Mtine variclita. As the 
IrFuimriil In both cmd* i» cmu-ily dllk^. tbc dillerent result* cun only 
lie iiltribulnl lo the proterliini icivcn in ono mm and il« urniwiun in 
the other; The proct-ss is simple, nnd depends on the cxieni of the 
operation. After the vines have shed tbdr leaves and (naturcd their 
wo'h], thry should tic pruned, and, on the approach o( c»td wrAilicr, 
IrxiM-nnl Imin the trrtlit. bent down on the Kround. »nd hrM there 
with siiikcH. milk, ut •ixnclhini: similar. This in ttomMimes found 
mfBcient, especially when snow lies tiU late in the spring. If not 
Mlltiied with this dependence, a slight coverinfc nlth leavet, straw, 
oamsialk*. Ilnnlis of everfirccnt, will prove eflectuat, l( dunffcr i» to 
\m appiehendolffomihedcpreilalinniLof mice, which insonicMTtioiis 
■re very IroubleKunic, u utiKht covrrinic <i( earth on the lop n all that 
is necessary. It should be remembered that it is the young wood ol 
the present season's growth thni is to be protected — Ihii coniains the 
buds in which are ibc embryi fruit cluster (or next year's crop. Ol 
course, similar piotcciion would not hurt ihc old wood, but it is not 
Itlways fciisililc to provide it. Hut the main liuestion necnsarily 
preceding all this, on which depends the success or entire failure of 
the whole operation, is the maiurily and thorough ripening of the 
wo-hI, 

Graiaes— wajs to crrsUtlUt. — i. I.ndies who admire liesutifQl 
bouquets ■'! i{r«!3>. uill iippreciute the following recijie: Takeoneand 
»tic-nall pijundi of ruck ulum. pour on three pints ol boiling water; 
when ijutie cool, put in a wjde-mouthcd vessel, hang in your graases, 
n tew lit a time. Do not let Ihcm gel loo heavy, or the stem* will 
not support them. You may again heat iihim anil wM. more graMe*. 
By adding a liltic coloring inaltrr il will pvc a pleaaiii)^ variety. 

a. 1 make a brine by boiling one igunrt of common aall Jn two and 
one-half qua tia ol water for fifteen minutes. I tiemygrassc* in small 
hunches, and sutpcnd at many as I can in a wlde-mouihcd Jar. The 
aaJt wUl not quite all dixolve, hut stir it. and |iour while hot over ibe 
gnu. Place in a dark room, or the ctUar, where it will not t>a 



rt'/i.i r i-fEKT oxF morin a'xoh: 



193 



fihtiUrn, I let ii stand iweniy-four hour*, then aemiy lift the ^rusa 
out mill ImiiK tlic-m up lo dry. In a few houn ibey will be white and 
(■lislciiini; !i» Ihp " driven irnow." 

Grarel. — Sici'p <inc-h;iH inmnil ■■( hoji-i in » rjUHil •■( wwcr iLndniva 

h ii« hni 115 [hf hoisc t.in itiinrl il. 

GfBvcl and Kidnej Complaints-— drop* for. — Oil of orlsanura. «ae 
ounce; oil <•{ hi'inlock, onc^uaricr ounce: oil ■>! KatAofiat, one. | 
ounrtor ouixe: nil of anise, onc-hftll ounce; nlciho!. one pint; mix. 
DoK. from one-half lo unu teaxpoonlul Ihret: tnnrd » diijr. in swei;!. 
cned waicr. will soon give relief when consdmt ueakneis is tell 
across ihc smail of the back, u well At gnvelly a(tetiion« causing 
puln .ibiiiit t<> kiilnrys, 

Gravel Houaes—how to build. — This it ihc 1>ch( building mnierial'^ 
in thi; world, il it fi'ur lirii«s thea|ier than wcud. six timts tlic^iwr 
than slonc, and lupefii-r to riiht-r. IVofjotiioni for niixinR: To eight 
horroiri^of nUhi-il linie, Well dclu){ci) with water, odd fifteen borrowit 
of »nfii]; mix these to a creamy coinilntcncii. then add sixty barrows 
of ciiuri-e Kruvel, whicli rniiii lie workiil well and completely. Vol) 
can throw Mune* into lhi« mixture of uny »hH)>e or «iie. up tu ten 
indies in tliameter. Form mold fur the walls of thi^ house by fixing 
boardt horiiontolly againn uuriifh! sinndard*. which must be imJ, 
movnbly biaccrl mi thai they will not yield lo the immense prcstura < 
outwHfd us tile maceriiU »e(ile«; set the kundiitils in p.tin^ Hroiind the 
building where the walls are tn MunO, from six tiiciiclii fret apart , and 
oo wide that the inner -ipaee shall form the Ihickntss of the wall. 
Into Che mold* thus formed throw la the concrete mnlerial as fast 
•s yon I'hixiite. ui»l the mote pmRiiscuoasIy, the bciicr. In u »hort 
^me tlie ttravel will (n't »» hard aa (he eolld roclc, 

Grease — lo it move. — Aciua ammonia, two ouncn. wift water, one 
qoart; salipeicr, one icuapoonful; shavinfc soap in shavings, onal 
ounce; mix io){ciher; dissolve the soap well, and any grease ur dirt ' 
that cannot be removed with ihi* preparation, noihInK else need be 
tried for il. 

Grease Spots^te remove Trom carpels. — Cover the »pots with 
flour, then [iiii a thick paper over; repeiil [lie process several times, 
each lime IirushJUK off llie old flour and putlinji on liesh. 

Grease — to remove from vroolen.^Fuller's earth or lobaeco-pipe 
clay, liciiiit [Hit nri "» an oil spot, absorbh the oil a» the water evap- 
oratei, and leavo the ve)[clable or animal A hm <if the cloth cleanj 
on belnit beaten or brushed out. When the upot is ocouionedf 
by lallow or wax, It is necessary lo beat Uie pari cautiously by on 
iron, or the Hie. while the cloth I* drying. In tame kinils of good*. 
bloltinS' paper, bran, or raw «iarch may be ii»ed with advaniai-c. 

Grease Spots— 1» remove from cloth.— An excellent mixiure 
remove nrrave spots, from lioys' and men's cloihinjf particularly. Ja 
made i>( fnur parti of alcohol to one pari of ammonia and about ha" 
tui much ether an amnnonia. Apply the liquid to the greanc aptic, an . ^ 
then rub diligently with a (>|ion|e and clear water, The cheraltitiy ol 



1*4 



ly/fA T EyEK Y ONE .WOULD KNOW. 



the operation ««enis (o be thai ih« alcohol and ether dlMolvc the 
grease, and iheamtnonU (utnii a losp wjih which ii i» wai.hcil out 
with lh« Kulcr, The icf^ull is much more (latiafacldfy than vrhcn 
eomelhitijc in uxrd wliirti onlv Krcmg lu tprcAil the spot «ntl make it 
loioler, but dues nol ■clii:illy rcnxivc it. If oil is spiled on a carpet 
and you immediately scatter corn meal over it, toe oU irill be ab- 
sorbed by It. Oil may also be removed from carpet* on which you 
do not dire put tihci or nmnionia by laving iblcic blottlag paper over 
hand preskinK^ I"'! ^M-'tan on It. Repeat the operation icveral 
timet. uKinji a cleiiii pupccmib lime. Maefalneiireaac nn be remov- 
ed iTum t.ibnci by Ihr uk oi cnid water und soap, 

Greaae-'to retnore from paper.— If you wish to remove Rrease 
from pupcc. tictapc lincly tnmc pipe clay, and completely cor er III* 
Bpol to be cleaned. Then piiM a hot iron nvei it U\t u (ew HCoiid*. 
and with a perfectly clean piece cl( India nlbbec, rub olT the clay. 
In mos! cii.-^ci. i>ne nppllcittioa will be auffideal, but if not. repeat it. 

Grease Heel.— Lrc made from wood aahn. imd boil while oak 
btirk in i( till it in quite Klrong. bnlh in lye and bark ouie: wlie-n il i» 
cold, it it At (nr ufie. Wank oH the hoitc't Ick" "ith <aMile ^xnipj 
when dry, apply Ike sbin'o lye wiih a twab fiutiened on .1 l<>njj >tick 
10 keep out of his reach, as the xmarl caused by the apptiralion might 
make him let fly without much waming: but it i* a sure cure, only 11 
brlnKH oft ilie hdir. Tn reiioie ihe halt after the eurc t« cffcclcd. 
nwke and apply a miIvc by tlcoinK elder bartl in old tutdiii; then form 
the ulve byad<liiii; :i tililc resin. :uci>i<linir lu (he umiiunl of nil when 
•lewcd. or one-half uuund icsin in each ix^undof oil. 

Green Blind* (Fadedy— to restore. — Green blinds ihni have 
fadeil limy be made 10 look like new by oiling over withabnuhiouot 
linseed nil. 

Green Corn— to keep. — Galhcf thecoro when in Koodeatini; state; 
place ihc corn, cob and al! in a vemel and pour linilinif water over it. 
Let it remain In the hoi water ffom ihire to fite tninuic*. then cut the 
com from Ihe ctib: pui a layer of com, then a layer ol sail in large 
stone Jan. When full. weii(ht down; keep addinv laj-rm at the eora 
links down in Ihe jar: the null make* a brine without water; whea 
Uicil. soak nil niKhl in clear. Cold water. 

Griddle Cakes. --Heat two eggs, add a pint (or a liule more)of 
sour milk und n iea»pn»nful o{ Halt. Then Kift In sufficient fitiur (o 
make \\T^'\i:t ongitlcncy. and InMlv. beat in well a mundinj{ '<'*■ 
spoonful of soda. 

Grindstones from Common Sand. — Kivctuind. (hirty-lwo pouruU; 
»hrllae. ten pans: pondncil Kia». inm ihiili; mcli in an iron j.ot, 
and rati Into iiv>ld<i. 

Ground Glasi limitation oO— wajrs to paint.— i. Grind and mis 
while lead in ihite-Jourtlis of Imilcd oil ami one-Io»rih hpirils of tur- 
pentine, and to j^ivo the inixlurc a very dcyinji ijiiiiliiy. luM sufficient 
fgniantltici of burned white riiriot and sugar of lead. The color tnust 
b« cxccodiogiT' thin, and put on tlic ponen of glass with a large sIkiJ 



fi'HAT F.VRRY O.VF. SHOULD KNOW. 



iSj 



painl bnwh in as fv«ii a manner as pOMiblc. When a number q{ thq 
panes arc thu< painted, tak« a dry du»Ier <(uitc new. d.ib ilic «ndi i 
li.e briitlri on (he gla» in quJrk >u<cciaian, lill you give il a unifor 
ni>))rJiiiiiii'C. Repeal thl« iipcraiion llll ihc vtark appears very soft,] 
nnd il will llien HppMr hkc jtruiind Kiiwt. Whe^n ihe fflass rcf|uli«v^ 
(rcsh painiinc, get Ihc I'lil cuat off (irat by u»inK iitronK (icHrt-ash 
water. 

3. SplrLu ii( tall*, urn nunco: oil of rilriol, (wo ounces; sulphate 
ol roppet. one nonce; HMva urabic, one oun<c; mix all urell loficttier, 
and dub on Ihc pluit trilh ai briiHll. 

Giiui»— test tor it« purity. — Th*' wcii^ht jiffordi ihc cosiest test 
for llw putliy of Kuano. A bushel o[ pure I'rruviun g"'"" accord- 
ing 1(1 most auihoritio, should weigh almost cxartif seventy pound*. 
I( heavier than sevenly-thtec pounds. It la adulterated wllh tUy, 
Hand, marl, ur 9->inc tilher impurity. 

GuKDO— bom e-aiade.~ Save all vuur (owi manure ftom sun and 
rain. 'J'o prepare it (or use. spread a layer of dry swamp muck {Uivj 
blacker it is the better) on your bom door, and dump rm li the- wholn 
of your [.iwl manure: beat it into a line powder with the buck of ' 
your ftpiidv: this done. tAA hard wood K»he-i und pln-itcr uf Paris, so 
thai the ompiiund shall be composed of the following propoitlon«: 
Dried muck, four busheU; fowl manure, two busheU; ashes, nn|i 
buihcl; plaster, one and one-half bushels, Mix (horoui;hly. und' 
spure in^Ubot; for. in this aiatlcr. the effort expended will be well 
paid fur. A little befmc plunllng. mui-ilen the heap with waler. or, 
belter iiitl. with urine; cover well over with old mats, and let it Ik 
till wanted for Use. Apply it to beans, com. or poiatties. at the rjitc 
of 11 hnnilful in n hill; and mix with the soil before dropping Ihc '!vd. 
ThiDwill he found (he br»C *ubMitutc lor guano ever invented, and 
may lie depended on for bnnging Kioat crops of turnips, torn, pota- 
toes, elc. 

Gum—for backing; Ubels.^Mix pured«xtiine with boiling water 
until ]t AAi^umeit th« consistency of ordinary mucilHge, Apply with a 
full biHlirij. evenly made (iimEl'B hair brush. The paper should not 
be toil Ih^ri o- unsiicd. Il will dry quickly and adhere when slightly 
n-ct. 

Gums (Thej—ui excellent put* tor— Finrly powdered alum, one- 
eighlb uufici:; sulphate of quinine, ten giuinv Molie these ingre- 
dienlB into a lather thick pustc. with which rub the gums flcca«ioni.;ly. 

Gums— awellen or scorbutic. — Take of infusion of rose* six 
ounces: borax, one ounce; honey of roics, one ouoM. Mix. uid 
Uki^ the mixture twice a day as a wii>]i for the gums. 

Guina — tincturt for. — Gumboils, frequently so troublesome, and 
alko pains in Ihe gums, may be prevented by the occasional use of 
the following linciure. Six ounces of tincture of Peruvian bark. one> 
half ounce ol sal-ammoniac. MaJlc a miilurc of these in a phial, and 
fbokeli well before using. The best mode «f applying the tintur^ 



m 



WHAT EVP-RV ONE SlIOVLP A'ArOlt'. 



to the gums U Willi n pivcc i>f tott *pon^ or Ihe finger. Tbv mmiTh 
should aftnwiinl be linsnl n-ilh irarm walci 

Gimskod Rifies— to dean. ^^ lint ni»l ripeinuiy ticcwilyclcanrd 
Irotn IcmI by tbc Inllnuinic. If a inuiilc-ti>*Jer, slop U|> the nipplr nt 
con)inunlc»uon h<j\t triili a litllr wmx. or il « breach -Imidrt iiitrft 
cofk in the brmcli rnihcr tiKhlly: nvxf pout si>inc quickiilvvr inio tbe* 
barrel, and put nnwiher cpfk in the muiilc. ihtn proceed lo roll it up 
Uid donn the baiiel, shaliing ii nboul foi a lew ihItiuim. The mer- 
cury and the lead «lll (nrni an am a! gum. and leav<- Ihc tmrrrl a* ilcan 
and free liuin lead ha ihi: Tir^t d^y il cama out at the Bh<i[>. The Kami; 
quicksilvet can be used tcpeHledly by Miaining it through wosb- 
leaiher; (or Ihe lead will l>c left behind in the leather, and the qui<k- 
•llvcr will tie oKnin fit for Use, 

Hablto of Neauiea* in Childr«Q.— A tltt'c more care in irainiaK 
the childicn lo hibili »f iiramrM would iMoce (he viie of Ihc wiuth. 
log almoat om-'half. What need it llierc v1 wathinfc a lablectoih forj 
CTery dar in Ihc week ? I'ut a newspaper or nn oikloih at the tome 
(or twby^ plate. U the tittle ooes ore ^ivca tuncbeon between ineaU, ' 
put bin oilcloth bibs on them, {ovciinif the entire (runt o( their 
aprons, and yon will not have onc-lhird •» many Kinffham pieirn in 
the wuh. A liillo (orrtfaought will hvc a headache, backache, and 
cruMX words. 

Haif Dretiing^.— Tnke two oancca oi olive oil, four ounces nf uooA 
tiay run), ami one drnni •:>( oil of almond*. Mix and irhuke well. It 
renders the hkic d»rk and smooth. 

Hair Bnisliea — to cl«aiL — Ai h<il water and soap jooo loftcns Ihe 
halrn. and tubbini; complete* their denruction, use soda diisolvcd In 
cold water. Soda, having in alfiiitty for grease cleans ihc bruth with 
very little friction. Alter well shaking ibcm. litand Ihem «n Iha 
points of the handle" in a f>hady place. 

Hair (Th«V— to cIcamc. — To one gill of warm water, add twentv 
drops of aqua ammonia, and wiih a bit of Bannel or a sponge, iratli 
tb* henil and hair, dividing it into patilngi. so us to rub out the dnn- 
drulT ihoTouKhly. Then comb the head with ii lUc-l<>i»lh conib. and 
let it dry in the air. This hair V(a*h h«» been trieil for vcari. anil will 
not only keep the held very tloan if uaod twice a month, but preserve 
the color and thicknesi of the hair. 

Hair (The)— how to cai« for. — The hair Ls the rovering o( the roof 
of "The home of thought jiml palace of the soul," Where haldneiu. 
wliicb •omotimci I>l:•;^t^ in ttiiiii- younj: per*on«. is hereditary, it is 
doubtful if anvihinti can be dt>nc (o prevent or remedy it. Avoid 
" restoratives ' and other nustmms. and as a rule do not use pinna- 
tums or oils upon the head. The ihorouKh use of a moderately stifl 
bnub will Rrcatty promote ihc health of the scalp and prevent the 
fallineof the hair. The bair should beoccavonally wuhcd. and if 
there is much dandrulT, the j*Ak of an em; will be most efficietil In f e. 
moving it. Work an e^g with Ihe fingers well Into the hair, a little 
at a time, to bring It in contact with the scalp; then <ta»h It oqi 




trffAT F.VF./fV O.VF. SHOULD KNOW. 



it-i 



I 



thorouKhl^ with wHtcr, finil (he liu.ir will tic \*i\ bcnuilfulljr c.««n and 
aolt. Avoid all ihamniioinic 1i<|uiits: IhoBc used by biirbere are tilnmg 
poionh M)lmiiin«. They tall il "snlls of wormwood" and "Mltitnl 
laitnr " iinil uik^ it wilhoiil knowInK Its febI nature. It jx very cSccC-1 
ivc in cItTiiiinK (ml tuinou*' in tlir Unit, If ih(! (alltDBof the hnirla] 
ni>l ptvvrnlpd L>y thonmcli bruKliiiiK. nntav ttlmulntlcix iii>|ilirHtioil 
may be made. Canthnridex is in<>M c-niiiionly used. Half an ounce 
of the linciure o( rnniharidct added (<» a quart of bay mm will answer 
briicr ihnn im.>.l "'liwlr tonics." 

H» r iThev— lo crimp,— Indies who have dllRculiy fn mnkiiii: ihcir 
huif timiiin irimped will find llic (i.>llowlri(( of iiw I,el ftvr cents' 
worth of RUm ntabjc be diisolved in ii very lilll<- hoi water and Ifll lo 
jiliind ovpr nlghc in enough alcohol lo make il thin; then bolllc. The 
hair thnulil lie wet wiili the niiiiure before bcuiK crimped. 

H«if fThe)— lo dye black,— Take sifted lime, sixteen ounce*; 
while lea(l, two ouncei; litharge in line puwder, one ouncY. Mis 
well together and keep dry. When requited for U4C. mix a lillle 
powder with water to the consistency of cream, and apply rarefulljf 
with .'1 '■(iiJiiKr. 

H»ir Dye iBatchelor's). — i. To one ounce of pyn>-|[«I1lc acid, dl«< 
•dived in one outicc of alcohol, add nnc quart of soft water. 

3. To one ounce oitralc of silver, dissolved in one ounce ol can- 
ecntralcd atnmotila, odd four ounces of soft waier. Apply each num- 
Der Hiternaiely, with hcparaie bnuhei. lo th« hair. 

Hair Dye (Chiiitadoio's).— i To one ounce of pyro-italllc acid, 
dinolved in one ounie aliohol, add one qUHCl Holl water, 

:. To one ounce cryslaliied nitrate of silver, dissolved l.i one 
ounoe ronccniraicd aqua-ammonia and one ounce soft water, add 
oflr-half oimicr (;»■» Atabic and three ounces *ofl water. Keep cov- 
ered lti>m the liKhl. 

Hair Dye (Phalon's Instantaneoual, — 1. Toimc ounce pyro-f[a1tic 
acid, and one-quarier ounce of tannia, diisolvcd in two ounces of al- 
cohol, add one quart of lofi water. 

3. To one ounce cr)'&talH>cd nitrate of )■ liver.. dissolved in one 
ouni'<' toncrntiaieil aqua-imnionU, adil one ounce fum arable, and 
f'lurtecn ounces soft water. Keep in the dark. 

Hair Dye (Harriaoo'a),— i. To one ounce Dyro-gallic acid, one 
ounce (f lannia, dinolvcd in two ouncet «lcohol, odd one quarl soft 
water 

t. T( riiir ounce crysl«ll>i<-<l nllruic o[ »llver. dissolved in one 
ounce of concentrated ^qiiii-animiinia. add five o^incca soil water and 
(<ac-hal{ ounce gum arabi . . 

3. Que ounce h)'dra,tu'phaie of polossB, dissolved In one quart of 
lofl water. Tina last Ingredient is Intended (■> prortui:* a deep black 
Lolor if the otbera should fail. Keep away (ti>m the lii;hl. 

Hate Dye {Phalon'sl — one preparation- — Tii one ounce crytial. 
Iliod nitrate of silver. diMolved in two ounce* of aqua-ommonia, add 
ftve otinc^ twft water. This is not an instantaneous dye; but after 



rw 



WtTAT RVEKY OKF. SHOULD KyoiT. 



«xpo»urr l<> ihc litcht and t'.i. ^ dark culir n produrril ti[i'>n (nuaut^ 
ttxe (•> nliich It ix npp!i«il. Reni«inb« - lu irmovi- till gteaa«, etc., 
(torn Ihc hair bcfotc iipplving thcie djc, 

H*ir (Tbe>— WB]rs to Icecp from falling; out.— I. Wmih ilir hcitdj 
Everj week in unit wutcr Mni tiiI> ihr- <.kiii of the hruil with * dry] 
coAriic towel. Tlien "ppij ■• J'C5»icn; niinijuficd fif twy rum nnd^ 
tweet ulI, with which a drup "f tint'iure nf canthiiridri Iia.t been mln- 
gtcd. Tliii will stimuWe the nkin. and keep (he hair from fallin* 
out nnd turning K^^f- The drcHlng (or Ihc hair ma.f be iiccniea , 
with cinnamon oil. or some such wamilng; essence. 

I. To »lr>p Ihc h»ir U>->m ci>iiiinK out. Ukc^ » b<>til« two-iliinli full 
olswecluil, lillinKthc ciihct third wiib ammuniii. If ihe Bcnlp be 
tender, ti(e more uil and leu ainnionia. as Ihc anninoiiia causes )i 
siaartlaK sentuioa. which niakH the scalp mure hcnlthy. while ihc 
oil ]>revcnt» its Injuring the hAir <>i ■.talp in any w*y. U»c one? a 
day by rubhinc cArefuUy inlo the n>»t<i uf the hair nilh the hand, 

3. Tu prevent Ihc hair from fttllintc nut. apply untr u <r«ek a woAh 
made of aoeqaaiiof boiling taier. •■tic ounce »f pwlvcrlied borax, 
and half an ounce of powdered camphoT. Rub on nlih a sponge or 
a ptcre of tlanne'. 

.), 'rborouKhly wetiiiiK Ihc hair once or iwico a w«ek with a weak 
S(ilu(i«n of «jiU water wl!i prrvenl it falling uut. 

Hkir Oil (Barbers' Star).— Caslor ail, six and one-half paata; alco- 
hol, one and unc-hall pint»; citionella, and lavender nil. each half on 
ounce. 

H«ir (Gray) — to pr*v«nt.— When ilie hair bogins lo chan([c color, 
the il»c ci( The ((illuwin); piimadc has h beneficial effect in prei'enling 
the disc.i.-.e extending, and ha* Ihe charocter of crcn reslotinn the 
color of the hair In many insuoccc Lard, four ounces; spencaccll, 
tour drams; oxide of bismuth, four drama. Mcll itic lard and kpcr- 
■naceli loKcthrr, and when K^iiioK culd »tir in the liUtnuih. To this 
can be added any kind of (lerfume, accordinKto choice, It HhouMbe 
used whenever the buir mmirei dresiinc. It muH not be iina^ned 
that aoir good e9ctl speedny results; il is in general a long lime talf 
Ine plate, the chanite betntt very gradual. 

Hklr InvigorMor.— One qaan bay mm, one pint alcohol, one 
ounce cH^ior oil. one ounce linclurs canlharidrt, una jiinl nrcrl oil, 
But lie and label. 

H»ir(Thc)— to preierre.— Take three ounce* of pulveiiied mm 
and turn n [>ln( of cold, soft water over It; haTc It In a tin dl.tb wUk 
n rover; Id ti Hirrp ovrr the (iie irii or lltieen minutea; Mrain it off 
and add -a ira<>|uioiiful of piiiii-riie'l bnrax. and tha sonic quanlily o( 
salt- Keep in a liK'>t corked bullle. and apply wiib a aponge or soft 
cloth, by rubblnii ge^iUy all uver the head; then brush lishlly, I'bc 
il night and oioining. For everyihlng but hereditary baldness It acts 
lik* a chitrm. 

Hair (Tb»— to promote the growth oC — For aircngihcning and 
ptotnutiiii; die growth ol [he hair, use half an ounce of npirils of un- 



iriiAT EVERY OXE SHOULD KNOW, 



169 



Aiuiiltt, one ounce of olive oil, one dram of rHu ilc coloKne, onedram 
o( (inclurc "f Spanish (lies; mix loiTctlicr. untl nib 00 llic hcwl «i<c » 

Main (Sup«rfluous) — to remove.— Some few hair* will frequenily 
([roWr where they Jitc not wiuitcil, and luc odcn dtfflcull lt> get rid o(. 
CIvMi shavin); Htiil cuitifiK »ircn|tiiicnK ihcm nnil {nereageit Iheir num- 
bet; ihe only plnn is Ii? pull [hem <>ul iiirtivldiiHlly wilh h {lair ut 
twecten. and aiiccwmd lu dress ihe putt \<*a or ihree limes a day 
In (he fallowing iDoiincT: W«sh k 6ret with warm soft water, but do - 
not IMC loap; ihen npply with a piece ot soft rag, Iramcdinicly afti 
Ihc wiuhinii, a loiiun ol milk of roses, made accordlnji i" <he iollow.1 
ln|{ direclionii. and rub llie sliiii i^enlly till it Ik dry with » warm soft 
doih; Beat four ouncn ol sweet almoodi in a mortar to a juuie with 
kalian ounce of while lU^nt: (hen work In. Innmallquantllics. eight 
ouncM of rosewaler: Mrain the emulsion ihrouKh n muxlin. [>ut the 
Uquid into a liutlle. mutn the [r^idiim \'> Ihc mortar, |)Ound It «ieain,j 
and ndd half im uunte uf >uKvir nnd cii;bt ounces of rosenoter; lliel 
•train again, and repeal the process a third time. This will glv4 
[blnylwo ounces of nuid, to which add twenty grains of blchlorldei 
of mercury dlSMilvcil in two oaccet of alcohol. Shake the wliolc iot\ 
five minutes, nud the lotion will be ready (or use. 

H«r~lo tbicken. — One <|unri of while wine, one handful of rose- 
mary-flowers, one-half pound o( honey, onc^uaner pint of oil ol 
sweet almond*. Mix the rosemary and honey with ihc wine, dittll 
them tOKe-lher. then add the oil 01 sweet almond* and shake well. , 
When using it. pour a little into a cup, warm il, and rub it Into 1 ' 
roou of the hair. 

Hair Tonic — One ounce of chloroform, one ounce of strong water 
at ammonia, nne ounce ol glycerine, five ounces of alcohol, ThtJ 
lotion 10 be rubbed on the heiul after thorough triclion with the bruslbl 
It may he applinl two or three limM a week. If loo strong, on 
strong enough to make the head smart, il may be diluted nith water.' 
This U Ihc best tonic for the hair ever used. 

Hail Restorativei.— I. A tea made by pouiinjt tine pint i>f lH>ilin([ 
water on two tablespoon ful* of dried rosemary leaves, with u wine' 
glusikfulvf rum oddnl. is excellent. 

t. four drama oxide bimnmh, four drams spermaceti, four nuncetJ 
pure hogs' lard) The lard and spetmacctl should be melted toKclhor.T 
when nearly cool, Mir in the bismuth and perfume. I'ul in pots and 
lubcl. Prevent* the h^iir li<im liiniioi; Kiuy: restores Kray hair. 

Hair Restorative (Phalon'st.^To eight ounces of ninety pet cent, , 
alcohol, colored by a few drops tincture of aikanri root, odd 
ounce of eastor oil, and perfume with a compound nf beiganic 
noroli. verbena. ondoranKv, 

H*ir Restonttive(Hra. Allen's).— To sixteen ounces of rosewaier, 
diluted wilh an equal port of salt water, add one-half ounce of >ul, j 
phur and one-quarter ounce of sugar of lead. Let the compound 
naiid 6v« days bdore ualng. 



■ 90 WHAT EVEkY OSH SHOULD KJ^OVr. 

Hair Wash — aeverftl kindi. — i. Take one ounce ol bariut, h&l(>ii 
ounic of 1 umph'it; powder Ihcsc injiTedienti vtry fine »o"l dissolve 
Ihetn in n (juarl of boiling water: when c(">1 the tolulinn nill be 
ready (or use: dampen the hair frenucnily. Thi» wn»li effectually 
clcancc*, beaulilie* and ultcnglticnt ine huir, presetvei [he (olor and 

Ereveni* early baldncm. The camphor will form into lumps tiitci 
einS di*folvoil. but ihewaicr will lit- <>ufricieni1y imprrKniied. 

3, Take a small <|uanl>ty of rciseniHry. Blrij< ilie IcBvei from Ihe 
■talkx. and pm (hem iniu a jar wiih nearly ball a pint of cold waie*. 
place the Jar near the fire, and lei (he contenU simmer ifcnity for an 
hour iir two. wilhou( Mtllng; or bornlnft. When the wmrr id »ome- 
nhat reduced. Vhv infusion will lie tiufficimily siriiiit:. Then add half 
B pint of rum. and simmer Ihe whole for a liide while lonser. When 
cold. Mrain (he liquor (root (he learcs. and keep ii in a bottle to be 
ready (or ukc. Apply it to the roou of (he hair with a small fiixinnc 
or pictc of flannel. 

], One dram of linrlurc of lytta. half hii ounce of npiijla of wine, 
half an ounce of spirits of rosemary. Put (h«o into a bottle, and add 
hnlf a i>inl of cold walcr. 

Hair Wood— 1« imiUte.— For ihe cround color, lalc white lead 
nnd thin with lnr|ieniine. and xln^hlly stuid it wllh equal quanlilies of 
Prussian blue and lampblack. For Ihe icrainini; color, Hrlod in ale a 
tnixlurc o( PniMiiin blue and raw sienna: when the grounil is dry, 
spread a transparent cout of the KraininK color on the xurfacr of tlM 
trork, am) Rodrn: tlicn, wlih the cnrh. tnoitle by ruMiini: it to Hnd 
fro acroM the work, to (orni ilie <^nc Ionic Kiai" or inoitle. When 
Ihi* U donv, soften and lop Krain in wavy but [wrpendicular dlree- 
lluns; varnish and dry. 

Halter PnllioK.— A new way la prcTcnl hortcs pullinc Ht Ihe 
halter, n to pul a very small rope uniler Ihehorte'* tail, bringing the 
ends forward, crr>»ini; them on the bHck, and lyini; them on ihe 
brcBsl, Put Ihe halict strap throuKh the nn^, and lie the rope In 
front of Ihe horse. When Ihe borse pujls, he will, of course, Hnd him- 
self in ralhri an unmmlottablc position, and discontinue the cflon ti> 
free himself. 

Hammocic — how to make. — 1 will icll you h<>w lo make a com- 
fortabtc, ineipensive hammock. Bring your oM flour barrel from 
Ihe cellar or siorcrotmi, knock h to pieces, clean, and paint the slaves. 
I like (cd. Procure a rope four iJmes the length, each place where it 
is tu be su»t)ended. and in tiie— a Utile larger than a clothesline. 
Now halve Uie rope, double each piece In ihe middle, nnd commenc- 
loK iwo yards <>r so from ihc end, weave it over and under each 
ttavc about three inches (torn Ihc end of each one, which will bring 
Ihe rope croMCil between each: do boih sides the same, and your 
hammock i* complete, I like one end of ihc rope (miiened up hiichec 
than the other. There, isn't Ihe effect pretty? The liriKlit reil con* 
Lrascs to strongty wilL the green leaves. At first, this may uui »e«m 



irtt AT EVERY ONE SilOVtJ> KNOW. 



'9» 



firm, but when iherR 1» any neight «n tt. Ihe rop* bcconra " Mut," 
ta Ibc suiloni say. conitritumtly (here will be no upeningi. 

Ram— to bake. — Firal pot inio old natct ond bring it nlinosi lo a 
boil; then pour off Ihc walc^r and Ail again nlih r.nld uuIut. Wfavij 
scitkliiiK hoi, (train nff the (ccond Itmc. Again covn wilh cirld water 
aril Bfi over the fire where il will *iimner slowly till nearly done. 
Then uike oH Ihe skin, rub in ball a icacu|>fu1 1>( sugar, cover iviih a 
layer o( fine bread trumbs in which u little more sur.u and lomc black 
pepper have been mixed. Uake half an hour. «<i Ihal (lie rfiimliM may 
be nicely l>rown«l. When ihe hnm ii prepared fur liukint;. lay i 
grating in the pun to ral«c Ihe ham %n that it may nr-l be soaked wil' 
the fat that will run from it. Put no water into the pan. 

Hams — to cure. — .\s »oon as the hams arc cut, lie ihem up hy ih« 
bock lur three dayi; then make apirklcibLi': One ounce of ••aUpeler. 
half an nonce of sail prunclta, one potiud ol riiTnmon sail. <>ni- pound 
o[ coatHO EU|^r. one ounce (>( jiinipirr berries, and one Kallun ol 
Mrong beer; boil allugelhn. ami when cold, poor U over Ihe hama. 
Turn ih«m every day for a fortnight. Thli quantity of pickle will b« 
aufHctenl for two hams. 

Ham — to cook tender. — Ham and lean of bacon, which l« uanallj 
hard and tough, may be cooked to as to be perfectly tender, ami 
without waist of fat. by nol allowing Ihe water lo boll. 

Ham^to cook (Aunt Sally's way), — Firsi eui the slice, not quite 
one-hali of iin inch iliit k. Tbeii irrm oiff the outside edges very care* 
fully and neatly. These ( Igcs she slightly scores so that they appeal 
when cooked like a sort o( fringe around each piece. When ihut 
prepared place in the frying pan some luke-warm water in which lay 
the slices, uIlowinK Ihein to reinuin on llic firr about three minutes. 
Then, throwing lliis water oS. put in its place some hot water — jusi 
enough to cover the slices — allow it to come to a boil, then empty il 
intiiii clenn bowl, leaving the slices in n pan. which fry lor about foul 
or five niinitle«. When (tone, place Ihcm upon a hot dish, and poui 
over them Ihc henied water a* Kravy. 

Hams— to keep.— A very gi^od way of keeping hams Is lo wtn| 
them in strong brown paper so that the ashes eannoi come in contact 
Willi litem. Then pack iticm In clean, hard wood a»hca, in dry boaea 
or barrelB, Thi» will keep well cured hams quite tweel. aa Ihc aahca 
serve as a protection aicsinM iniccts. The boxes should be set in a 
cool, dry place. 

Hams I Premium)— method of keeping, etc— To lour Kallonsof 
wale r. add riKhi pounds of coarse linli, one quarter ounce pol«»h. 
two ounces sallpelrr. Iwo pounds brown ^ugar. Boil tuKclher. skim 
when cold, put on ihe above quantity to one hundred pounds meatl 
hams lo rejoin in eight weeks; beef, three weeks. Lci Ihc hams dry 
aevcral days before smoking. Meal of all kinds, salmon and othef 
fish, lobilcia. cle., may he preserved (or years hy a lii;ht application 
of pyroiigueous acid applied with a brunb, Mealing up in cans as usual 



I<>1 



WllA T EVEHY 0X£ SUOfUJ JCVOtT. 



U ItnpartR Fplfndid lUvor loibe tacM, ■( vcryrhcap, aiul an cAectutl 
pievrotslivc i>K*lriHl liMt. 

Huu— M preserve from fliea.— The bm mtiy ti> pitvcrvc hami 
IroBi flies U. ;li uion u ihey ore nmokcd. to wrap ihem in Iwo old 
iirtr«p>ipcn>, lint ntlh one end and a^ain •riih i.nnihrr. ajid tic the 
cndH uf the piiper or pute lh«m down. Lci Ihc Mting lo h^ns ihcm 
U|i by coiTic ibcouf-li Ihr imiicT. bcin^ very csrrfut lh.it the hole Khali 
nnly t>c large enough tu lei ihe ntring itirough. S'o in*ccl can km 
ihoiuKh pupcT. Wooleni and lurs on be kepi pctfeetly In Ihe same 
way. licing cjiiela] ihat the egg of the moth ia not (ireTiuusly d^ 
puMted. 

Hands (TheV- to preaerve 9oft.~ln nrder to pmcrvc the hand* 
soli and while, ihcy should atnairs be washed In irann water, with 
ftnr f»np. and careiuUy dned wiih i modcnuely eosraa towel, being 
well rubbed every time to insure a btlah citeulalion, than which nnlb- 
in^ can be innrc eHoclual In promrinit a irannpareni and tofl surface. 
If engaged in .nny accidental pursuit which may hun the color of the 
hands, or if they have been eiposod la ihc ma, a little lemon-juice 
will mlorc their whiteness lor the lime; and lemon-soap is proper la 
wa^h ihcni with. Almond g>ste is of etscniial »ervice in preserving 
the delicacy ol the hands. The f»llowio|[ it a serviceable pomade (or 
ntbhing the hands oo reilring to rest: Take (wo ounces of swc«l ^> 
Blonds; beat with three drami of white wax and ihree drums of spcT' 
macoti; put up canefulty In roie-waici. Glovei iihould be always 
imm on espoturc to the aimotphere, and arc graceful ai all tiroes lor 
aUdy in the house, except at mesls. Lcinon-jutce and glycerine will 
ekaa*e and soften the hand*. 

Huid* (The>— to aDAen. — To srbiten and soften ihc hands lake 
four iwrts nf Klycrrlnc, I^ve pans yoUi ol eggs: mix thoroughly and 
nib on afier WMhinn ihe hands. Good also for abrasions of thcsUn. 
Hands (Chapped >— remedy for— i. One-half ounce of glycerin* 
wtih same amuunt <jf alcutiol. Mix, and add four ounces of mte- 
wiiicr, Hotik'. unit ihoke well. An cxcelteol remedy tor rough or 
chuppe<l hanils. 

1. Keep sonie oiil-tneAl <m the wash-slanil, and as ollcn as ^tic 
bands ore washed, rub a little oal-meal over ihcm; then rlnw oA. 
and. when dry, put on a little bit oC pomade, made as follows: Take 
three cents' worth of white wax, three cents' worth o( sperfnaceti, 
three cents' vortli of powdered camphor, and olive oil enough to 
make i( tbe thickness of soap: put It la a nlHpot. and let It Mand In 
an oven to mcU; mix it up, and srhen cold it mil be found very good 
lor ilie band*. Glove* worn either in the day or night, will help in 
keep the hands while. 

3. Tl»e raw wiods of eafly spring often produce in the bands of 
thoM who are mnch exposed lo them ihat roughness and cnuklng of 
tbe sliia known as chapping. If nothing ii done to prevent, and tbe 
person is obligod lo have his hands (rcqucnity 'wet and dried, Ihe 
Ci*eks often gel deep and painful. As both a precaution and cure 




W^ltAT tiVKKV 0!^F. SHOULD A'/f0$r. 

tor chapped hands, wc have used the following with benefit: Wash 
the hands, and tiKc alia If <i In inclined lo chap, with boiax wutcr, 
uid nftcnraid mb nlih an oinlmeni made by meltlna; mudon lalluw, | 
or micl. ami (hrn eTAduHlly iiildint; iin rquiil iguantlty of glyccrino, 
aiirrUiit the two (o)(elhcr until cool. Fur the liunds IhiH inixiiire can 
b« best applied at night, uung it fieely and wiiiming it by the liic, 
after which an old pairol gloves fan faepm on lo keep the bcd'Clothcs ' 
from belne (Killed, »nd also m.ikc ihr skin of ihc hands softer. I 

Hands (Chapped)— to cIcanM.^-Keeii a di«h of Indian meal on th«1 
tifilpi Manii nciir the soap. unU tub the men] freely on the hands alter ] 
■oaping them (or wuhing. It nitl surprise f ou, if you have not tried 
ll. to lind how ii will cleanHc and soften the skin, and prevent chap- 
pinij, 

Huids (The)^to aoflen. — flefore retiring, take a Inrge pair of old 
(■liives and spread mutton tallow inside, also all over the hands. 
Wear the gloves all nighl, nnd wash the bands with olive (lil and 
while rnsllletoap the nem momtng. 

Hands — to remove staJna froia. — T( ynu have bren picking or 
handling »ny acid fruit, and have stained your hands, wash them in ' 
«lcar water, and wipe them lightly, and while they arc yet moist slrlko ' 
a match ond shut your hands around It *o as to catch the smoke, and 
the stain will dlwppeAr. 

Haiig;ioK Basketa.— What looks more lovely than a plant aii». 
pvtided from u .imall rustic basket in the center of the upper port ol] 
the window i It Interferes with nothing, and nothing Interfere* with] 
it. There's an element of beauty in thai simple fact. Plants which < 
have Blender branches, nhich ndluralljr hang down, arc at home ia - 
this situation. The nioihei-of-lhouaand*: the Wandering Jew. with 
lis pretty marked leaves; the lobelias, and some a( the irailint; cam- 
panulas or bell llowert; the welt named rai'tailcd coelus: anil the to- 
colled tec-plants, arc more at home when suspended than w lien grown 
In any other position. Kiime (umilies who hHvc hard work to hujr ' 
their daily bread, may think they cannot afford to purchase a hang- 
ing-pot and its accompaniments: well. then, (ill an old fnilt-can with 
earth, bore two holes opposite near the lop, then fasten a conj to It, 
set your slips, and suspend from a nail driven in the center of the 
upper cosing of the window. After the Ispie of a few months it 
w'lild pujflo any one to tell whether your hanging-pot cost five dol- 
liir- or five cents, so thickly will it he covered with vines. By ait 
mtnnt, place hanging plants in your windows. They beautify home. 

Hanging Bask<l»— to water.— Plants In hanging basltetsaro with 
rliniculiy kept moist enough when wateted in the ordinary way. ll 
has been recommended to immerse the basket in a tub of water for a 
few minutes. then_takc it out and allow it lo drip before returning it to 
its u.iuul plice. 

HaDgiag Bosket (Itnitatioa Coraiy-to make.— Take ot>l hoopi 
with the (-Dvcring I'li: bend and tie in any shape desired; tie with 
w(a(ipiag twine, with ends o( the twine left aae>[outth of an inch 



IM 



WlfA T F.'^Ek V OHF. SHOOLD iCKOW, 



long; cover (he basket when (orme'l wUh knoti f>r lie*i about one inch 
KpftTI all over (he basket. Then* lake one-half pound of becin;i;(. 
melt ll in k thaltow pan. i>tir in enough Jnpitneie vermilion to ^el the 
color you wish, ihen mil (he baakrt in ilir mrlirrl w»x nniit it Ihcov- 
crrd rnnipWiely, We huve miulc one in thin way. that ha« hun^ ex- 
po«eil to \.\\v. w:uiher for tvo years, wid in still gouil ax oen. 

Ham e ta BlAcking.— Three ounce* turpeadne, iwo ounces whl(e 
wax, to be diMolved together over a *low nrc; then add one ouove at 
lvor)--blHck and one drsm of indixo. to be well pulveriied And mixed 
togclher, When the wax and (he (uriicntine *rc disdulved, add (be 
ivoir-bUck nnd the indigo. and stir liil cold. Apply verj- ihin; brush 
•flecward. and it will give n beautiful polish. This blocldng kecfil 
the leather soft, and, propcily applied, kivm a sftoA polUh. ll i« 
•leelleni [ar tiugur topi. hMnet«. etc. OUI harncM. if bard, may 
be ira»hed in waim water, and when nearly dry,'; reaae it oiih neat»- 
(oot olt. 

Hanteii — to care Eor.— A harness thai has been on a honte'a back 
•evcta! hours In hot or rainy weather becomes net; If not properljT 
cleaned the damage lu the leather i* itrepaiuble. II. nttcr beinK 
taken (rom the borle, it is bune up in a carelevi manner, traces and 
reins twisted iota knot*, and the saddle and bridle bung askew, the 
leather vhen dried retains the Hme shafc given It when wei, and 
when forced into Its original fotin damage Is done the stitching and 
leather. The rtrst point to be obtrerved it to keeii the ICHlhet ft»(t 
and pliable. This can be done by keeping it trell charged with oil 
and grease; water Is a destroyer, but mud and the saline raoistnre 
(lom (he animals nte even more desicurtlvc. Mud In drying absorb* 
th« greiue and opens the poicft of the teJIbcr. making It a prcjr to 
water, while the talty chnracicr uf the penpiration from the unimal 
injures Ibe leather, stitrhings and mountings. It therefore follows 
that, to preserve the harness, the straps should be washed nntl oiled 
whenever they have been moistened by sweat t>r tolled by timd. II 
the hanieM b thoroughly cleaned twice a vcar, and. when unduly ex- 
posed, ticawd as wc have roeummMded. the leather will retain its 
softness and Mrenglh foe many yeans. 

Harness Leatlier— grtun Mack for. — First stain in tallow; then 
take spirit* of turpentine, one pint; rccamof tartar, one ounce; soda, 
unc (luucc; guut »lirllac. one-half oun<e; (bick patte, reduecd thin, 
two quarts. Mix well. This will finish twelve srde«. 

HameM Wotiod* on Horses. — The best cure for harness wounds 
on hones is burned leather. Rub (he ashes on the sore. anU a cure 
Is soon eflectcd. 

HaiTMt Drink. — Mingle tc)Kc(her (iv« gallons of pure water. 'Xic- 
ImII galloa mulaKtes, one quart of vinegar, and (wo ounces of pow. 
(IcreS ginger. This drink Is very invigorating. 

Hub — to make.— Hash \aaAc of bits of riMM be«f or ol lamb may 
beaiveii a very good davor by u«ing raw potatoet Insteail ut cold 
bouvd. Chop tbo potatOM wry Anc. in tlie proportion of (wo-ihlrds 



l^HAT F.VF.KY O^R .%HOVLR A:VOir 



I9J 



Df these to on«-ihird uf ine.it. This wni require a toni^r. time la 
cook, of course, bui it is n dish much liked by many people. 

Kftt»— WBtctproof stiffoting far.— Mix eighteen pound* ihellac 
With one and nnc>h»t( pounds of wilt of tAitar (carbonMe of poiash), 
and five nnd une-half Kal1i>nB of water. These malerialn are to be 
put in a kettle, and made to boil gnutually till (be lac k iliuolved, 
when the liquid wit) become as deal u water, without any icum upon 
the lop, and if left to conl. will have a thin cnitl upon the tiirface. of 
whitish fnn. mixed with the lijjhl impurities of the ([iini, When this 
»kin is taken ofT. Ilic hat body is to be dipped inio the mixrure in 
cold slate, to at to absorb as much as postble of it; or il may be ap- 
plied with a brush or sponge. The hal body, being thus stiffened, 
may stnnd till it becomes drv. or neoilv so; nod uficr It han lieen 
btiished it must he immerseJ if very dilute tulphurie or atrlii- itrid. 
in order to neulraliic the iMiIa«h, and COIMC the shellac lo sel. tf Ibe 
hats are not to be tinpped immediaiiely. they may be thrown iniu a 
cistern of pure wnier. and taken out as wanlcd. 

Hay Fever — relief (or. — Patients NuAering frotn thit mosidistrvxs- 
init I'lJinplainl will fmil almuM immediate relief by but hlriK the note 
and closed eyes with a lutiun of tpirils ol cumpnor and warm water. 
The strength of the loiion wiil be «oon learned by experience. The 
eye* must lie cnrefuily closed. 

H«T for Hogi.— very few are aware of the fact thai hay Is very 
beneficiul tu hoKs; but il is ttue, ncvcrthelcH. Hogi need rough 
food as well as hones, cattle, or the human ttuCt. To prcpane il you 
should have a cutting-box (or bay culler), and the greener the hay the 
better. Cut the hay short and mix with bran, shotu, or middlings, 
nnd teed as othrr food. Hugt soon Inarn to like it, nnd If soaked in 
swill or other slu|] food, it is highly relished by Ihom. In winter lue 
for hoes the same hay you feed lu your horsea. and you will find thai, 
while It snvcs bran, shorts, or other food, it puts on flesh os rapidly 
B)- Anythinjf that can be givco them. 

Hc«d (Tti«>— to free from Sandra K.—Tnke n qti.irt Iwitlc. nil it 
with borax to the depth of onr inch. Ihcn fill with water, and aa often 
lu you lake out. put more water in, occosiunaliv adding borox, then 
once in Ihree or lour weeks i-ike u tiiblespoor.ful ol this miniute lo a 
pint of clear waler. bathe the scalp and dry with a towel, 

Headoche—new tcmcdy for, — A new remedy (or hondachc has 
been found by Di. llulcy, mi AiiMrHliun phyMCiaA, who says that for 
*oroe years post be bos found mini(num doses of iodide ol poukssium 
of j[T«at service <n frontal headache; that is. a hc«*y. dull ncadache, 
situated over the brow, and accoropanied by languor. chlHincw, and 
a feeling of geoer^l diseomfon. with ilittastc for fncnl. which tuxnc- 
tjmcs approaches tu riausea, can be completely removed by a two* 
jrala dose dissolved In holf a winegl.Msful of water, and this quietly 
(ipped, the whole quantity being taken in about ten mtnutcs. In 
naoy cases, ho add». the effect of thc&c small doses ha« been simply 
wonderful, as, (or inatance. a person, who a quartet ol an boui n^a 



I 



I96 mrA T Kt'SK i' OffE ailOVLD KSOW. 

itM feeling moll mii«rnble, and cduscd ntl food, nlsliinff only in\ 

S;ulc1nc*<, wmild nnur take n gnod meal uiid rauinr hiH vronlrd cheer. 
lltncw, 

Headache aad Ci>ld Feel. — There are manv who suffer Irooi hcod- 
ach« and cold led. H the)' would plunge ilicirfe«l In culd water 
cvfry iDornlng, and i»e Ihc flc^-bruih every n!t(hl, li would relieve 
I hem both. 

Headach«~«eT«ral oirea for,— 1. Coiarve brtiwa paper soaked In 
vinc^u iind ptued on ih? ^cvhead i* good for a *ick nendachc. If 
ihc ryclidn are gcnily balhed in cool walcr the pain in Ihe head \% 
ceiH'fally allayed. 

a. In l'<7to*i Ili(> thum vitilrnl hcHdarhen. n'i ror; rouinxm there, 
are cured by putiinK the (eel in hoi water, 

3. A mlxinre ol ice and talt. in proportion of one to one^alf. ap. 

filed to Ihc hutd. (r«<|uc-nily give* InnUnl relief from antic lu*d*clic. 
t should lie tied up ill A «m.il1 lincii cloth, like a pad. and tauM oa 
near as ponible to ibe cent of [ho pain. 

4. We bare known (aoie extreme cates of beadachc cured In half 
tin hour by taking • le*«poonfuI of Itncly povdcicd charroal In half a 
tumbler of u'Klcr. Il i* ao innocent yet powerful alkali. 

;. For bick-hcndache, take n nimbler iwo-ihird* full of finely 
crushed ke. the juke of one lemon, and one tcacunfulof white lugar. 
The mlxiure. eaten liy degrees, or all at once, will alluy the fcvensb 
thiihi. nnd quid the disturbed, qualmish tttomocb, at il \% not tweet 
eii<>u;;h to lie nnuftcoiis. 

6, Sick hciidiKhe can cflen bo JCTcatly r«liovcd. nod aomelimcB en- 
tirety cured, by the application (if a milliard plaster at the base of 
Ihc iiccii. The plaster should not be kept on more than a quarter uf 
an hour. 

Headache (Bill lou«)— cure for.— Dissolve and drink tw(itea9)iiK>n* 
full ul finely -powdered charcoal In half a tumbler «( water: it will 
relieve iu ^Itecn minutes. Take a Midlllx powder an hour after- 
ward. 

Hcadacha (KtfT«tu>— relief for. — Many persons 6nd tpccdy re- 
lief (<'r nervous hcadoclir hy washing the hair thoroughly In weak 
■od.i waier. I hare known •evcrc eaiei almost wholly cured in ten 
mtnules t>r ihis aimple remedy. A friend Ands it tlic Krealcit relief 
!n cases of "nvrc cold," the cold sympiumi entirely leaving the eyes 
and iiniie after one thorough voshmg of the hair. The head should 
tx' thoroiijchty dried afterword, and avoid draughts o( air fur a little 
while. 

He*d Cheese. — Take the hc.td, cars and lonKUc. and any i>lhet 
amatl pieces of young, fresh pork; have the skin taken i>0 and boil in 
water, with a little uttt added, until the bones are loosened from the 
meat: chop fine, teaiwin with soil. bl;ick pepper, cloves. nUpice, tofS 
and kwcoi marjoram: mix all well tiii;Gthci: put Inaround. deeppOLn, 
palling on a cover that will I\l the pan and heuvy wcighta on it. Lot 
tiaad iH-^i ur Uiree days. 



WHAT f^rE/ty ONE SHOULD K.vom 



»91 



H«ad(Clmi>— apiCTentkUvcofcontftgittusdiscBMS.— A dUiia- 
guished pliyHiviiin, who b^ul ^jicnt inuili liinc ut <iuaraiiliiie. miiil lli^il 
Ik pcnan wrhiisc head iv;ii tlioroUKhly nnsihcil every iIliv turply OoIi 
r.oniaitloiis diseases, but whtrc ihe hair was allowcil lo become ditty' 
•ml nidllo! ll viiti hnriily pontiblc lo c«c<ipe inlcUlim, 

H«ad Wash.— Siiui- Im isom; i.f Ihc vrty iimt WMhiagmand drw»- 
ings (or liuir. Tht luiir sliuuM be can-dilly brushnl, nnd braid i^d in 
iwo firm braids. Ihen the roois tubbed wiih a sponge dipped in lukc. 
Rflrm gage led; adcr which the braidi on l>e washed and dried rlih 
a luwcl. This (ircjcfvcii ihc color of ibc hsiir nnd kccjiH ihc m':i!{i 
clean. 

Kealtb — secret* for.— Flrsi, Vr^yi wnrtn. Second, eai regularly 
■nd slowly. Thinl. maintain regular bodily habits. Fourih, take 
esrly and very llji^x suppers, or. belter Mill, none nl all. Flllb. keep 
» clear rkin. S]ilh, eel plenty of sleep m nlt-hl. ScTrnlh. krciJ 
cheerful and reTtpt'i UMn irimpmiy Kinblh. liecp out of debt. Ninth, 
don't set your mind on ihiiiui yr>u don't need. Tenth, mind your 
own bustDcsf. iLjevcnih. don't Kt up to be a sharp of any kind. 
Twelfth, subdue curionty. 

Health HUlt>. — It is not a gncul habit tri keep a lamp humini; in 
the bedroom. 

A KOid taugh is worth a hundred graan* In any suue of the mar- 
Iccts. 

File the top of lui ioicroniiiit inc nail very thin uid pl«c« collua 
under the ingrown p-irl. 

If ice U lo be applied to the head of a p.itienl. the best ««y \t Va 
have it hrokcn in »niaU piece*, nnd tied up in a bladder. 

Kever ko to ImiI wlllt critd frirt, but Ar«t flnalc them in lirH WHtcr. 
then dash on told «'»tct. foH"wi.-il by thorough friction. 

Common baking soda is the best of all remedies in (a*e.^ of scalds 
and liurnt. 

V'>t caiixhr fold nnd dip n »mall towel In hoi water nrint; and 
lay on the cur. then lovcr with two o( three (oldii ol flaniicl; rriwal 
until relieved. 

If you will cut the hind legs of your chair a little shorter than the 
front oncA the fatigue of sitting will be lessened, and your spine will 
be in A betlrr position. 

If wakeful at nighlH gel up. walk about the room, go lo the window 
nnd take a down deep titeathv. rub ;fi>ui shin all over with a coarse 
lawcl or with the hands: then crawl into bed and go lo sleep. 

Nave a ihermnmeier in the living-room and do not \ri the mrii'ury 

So above scvenly detjreeJt. Hixhcr than that t» lixi hi|ch tor health. 
>ny room that is loo wsrrn and dry (or ivindi;w plants is unfit lo 
live In. 

In biling oft A needleful of thread. It Is often noticed thai thctlik 
tastes swrcl. Tliit Kltmild wain the iicwcf in use her sei«!ior>i, and not 
her leeih. as the rwert tasie cumes from Ihc HUf U o( Icvd used in dye 
{ng and ««ighinB Ihe silk. 



t«e 



WJfAT EVBJIY OA'E SHOULD KNOW. 



Heavy i^uppti » of rich food, wiih roflec nr« damot-iniE to hFalih, 
Hnil suont^r IT Uicr uill unilccmitic ihc klroiicni <'i>n!iiiiu(iuii, lie- 
CAlue one can slnnd it one or five ycikcs ii no sign th«>' will not lto<» 
him at lost. Eat a Ugbt luppct. 

Watm flannel*, perfect prolectloo for feci anil tc|c«. almndani cloih- 
bg, a ••i]dl« bona »lx or c)([ht hour* a. day. In the open Hir in all 
(TMIbera, wheal, oata, and beef in ti>»<^'ous <|uanliliet, mudi friction 
of lh« skia and plenty of sleep, cure a person threatened wlih con- 
■uinplion. When a docior has given his advice to sufh a (laticni he 
haa <l«ne all he ean fur him. 

Burkskia tintni; in (>haea » nice (or liidie* and t:irU who sutler wlih 
cold feel. Thin soles of cork out(ht also to be plated between iho 
Icatber tolct. lu keep dampness out. If not loo laiy, lo |[o nul on 
Ibc porch anit hop around (or lilleen mlnalcs; ihii (or ibtwe who 
(lUlIcf ft.ini (bronic cold feel. H jiou have hrailache it conies mosl 
likely (mm old (eel. (teleclive vision Ihul needs rectifying gUiacs, or 
disordered slomacti from eating loo much rich food. 

To thotc nccuttomnl to "boll" their food, nothing taaiea good 
wlilch i» not highly [lavoreil or splccil. F.veryiblng miul l»e peppered 
or sugared unlcis already highly leMoned, in order to make some im- 

Eresiion upon the nerves of taaie. located in Ihe moulb. as the fuod 
utries tbfough. While to petsons atcuMomed lo chew their food 
dclibrtnlcly, the pUlneM (orros of wcU'Conkrd. wbolcWHDV (ood 
aRuid gredl plea«u>c to Ihc p«laie. Children hhuuld be encouraged 
to eat without drinking, in order thai thry may be led lo molslen 
ihcir food nilh saliva, thus prepariog ii for ^ood digestion. 

If you need a light through Ibc ni);bl. tut ■ circular pleee of ibin 
wrapplnc pjipn, twl*i the center of it into a small point (or a wick, 
lay ■( innHaiicet und pimr melted laid around it. Iliis tihouMbe 
dune to Ibc daytime Ibai the lard may harden bcdwe night. 

Pul sAiDc i(e in a tuwel. and crush it till it is ai fine as anow. and 
of an even (ineiieKs, Tbea sciueeie on it Ihc juke of an oianK<. or 
lemon, whichever i* debited by physician, or pailenl, and sprinkle 
UTvr it n lilllr Kugur. It i» a very pleaftanl food for persons with 
(carlct (ci-cr, or soie thruui, and > lad* of our acquainianoc cUiais to 
have cured her rbitdrcn of dipblheria by its aid. 

Profpkc apiiiing U Injurious In severiit ways. The Mllva In pouted 
into ibc mouth ti> do a i>|>ecif>r work, and inen should pais into the 
■totnnch tube absorbed. II il is constantly cjeiied from the muulh. 
Ibe srslem Is tirained of what it was nul inlend««l to lo»e. and the 
m«nin then tiecomcs nn orgao of excTciion, Ihus taking away (ram 
Ihe kidneys a nnri of tbc wotk they are desigixid lo do. 

HcAltti' in Voutb. — Ijile hours, IrregulBr habits, and want of atten- 
lion to diet, lire cnmcnon errors with most youog men. »nd Ibese 
gradually, but at litM impcTceplibly. undermine Ihc htalib, and lay 
Ihe (oundation lor vinuu> forms o( diacaao in after life. Ii is n very 
diAcult Ihlng to niiike ynung penons comprehend this. Tbey (te- 
^ucnily lit tip a* late as twelve, one, or two o'clock, without CK- 



WHA T F.VEKV 0^'E SHQVLD A'.VOIf. 



"» 



periencitiK uiiy 111 effects; the^go wiilioui « iiicaI luilay, ftiiil to-mor- 
row cat to rcplctiiin, wiih unly temporary in<onv-caimcc, Oiio night 
they will 9lc«p three or four lioiirs, nnd the next nine or ten; or ooe 
nlnht, <n ihcir cagemcu lo get iiwiiy into name agreeable company^ 
the)' will (Akc no (ocxl ai all: nnil ihc next, pcrhops. will cat n heart! 
cupper uiul ("o tii I'Cil upMi it. ThcHe, with variout other irrrffula 
Ilex, are rDnimon I'l ihc mitjoTily of youriK men, und nre. »a jua 
Slated, the caunc of much bad health In mature life. Indeed, nearly 
all the shattered eonsliiuiiona with which too many are euraed. are 
the irt>nll of ndUregard to the plainest preccpti o[ health In early 
life. 

Health'^rule* for the preMrrfttlon of. — Pure atmospheric air i« 
composed of niirojjen. oxyicen. and a very small proportion of car- 
bonic acid gns. Air once breathed has lost the chief part of its ox' 
ysen. and acquired a propoTtlomie Increuc of carbonic add gas; 
Ihercforr. health require* that we breathe the tnme air once only. 

The solid piiri% of our bodies nre eomliiUMlly wHsliriK. «nd requires 
[» be repnired by fresh Sllbltanceti; therefore, food, which is to re- 
pair the loM. sfaouM he taken with due regard to the exercise and 
waste of the body. 

The fluid part of our bodies wa«te constantly; there is but one fluid 
in animals, which Is water; therefore, water only i» neceraary. and 
no artifice cun produce a better drink. The Iluid of t>iir bodies is to 
the iiolid in pmporlion as nine to one. A (Tke proportion should 
prevail tti the luial amount of food taken. 

Light exercises an important Influence upon the );'^**th and vlnor 
of animals and plants. Our dwellinies shoulit freely admit the loUr 
rays. 

Decomposing animal and vegetable substances yield various nox- 
ious gases which enter the lungs and corrupt (he blood. Alt impur- 
ities should be kepi away from our abodes, and every prcraiilioii he 
obscn'cd to secure n pure atmosphere. 

Warmth i* CMcntlal lo all ihe buddy fimcllonv; therefore, an equal 
bodily t em pern lure th Quid he m.tinluincd by exercise, by clothing, or 
by fire. Exerciie warms, invisoraivs. and purifies the body: clothing 
preserves the warmth the body generates; fire Imparts uHmiih ex- 
ternally. To obtain and prescnc warmth, exerritie and cloihini; jire 
preferable to lire. Fire consume* ihc oxygen of the air, and pro. 
duces noxious g""^*- lhncf'>rc. the air is less pure in the presence of 
candle*, gas, or coal fire, than otherwise, and inc deterioration should 
be repaired by increased venlilaiion. 

Thci^liinls alilKbly-organiicdmemhranc. full of minute pores, cells, 
blood-vcHtcls. and ncrict; it imtiibcs moisture or throws it off, ac- 
cording lo the state of the atmosphere and the temperature of the 
body. It aUo " breathes." as do tnc lungs, though less actively. All 
the Internal organs sympathiie with the akin; therefore. It should be 
repeatedly cleansed. 
Late hours and anxioiu pumiits exhatut the nervous system, Mtd 



)oo 



WHAT r.VERV ONE SHOULD A*.WIf. 



produce disease and |imnHlur<> itmlh; ihercfote, the hoiirsof Ubor 
nniJ Itud}- should be shorl. 

Mcfital ami bodily clFtclics ue equally cHenlinl (n Ihc |£<:ici''tl 
hcullli iinil huppintm; iheicfnre. labor and Mucly »hi>ul<l Kucrnl rmti 
olhet. 

Man nlll live most IicuUhf upun simple solids and fluids, ol nhich 
a Kuffiiirni bui temperate quontily should be taken: ihcreloic, sirontc 
drinkti. lobHcro, »niilT, opium, aiid all mere Indulftcncc* should be 
avoided. 

Sudden altcniaiions of he»1 and ctiM are ilangeroiui. especially lo 
the ynung nnd the aged: thcretoic. clnuhinK. in ciuanlitf and quoJiiy. 
sliuutd br MilHpird to the nllemtioni ol night nnd ilaj. and of the 
season. A1m>. (It inking cold water when the hoily k hot, snd hot 1(4 
and soup when cold, are prmluciive of many evils. 

Miideralion in eating and drinkini;. Ahorl ht-un of labor and Muily. 
rcKulfirlty In exercise, recreation, and rest, clean 1inc», cqunnimlty of 
lenijier and equality of tcraperoturc, these arc the great ciuicntlaU lo 
thai which Kurpnsscs nil wealth — health of minil and bmly. 

Heaves in Horses— several remedies for.— i. A cotreipondent 

iri'dmrocnds sunflower stcd aJ a cure for the heaves in horses. He 
liHd oriK biiihcl o( the leed fi'onnd with two bushels of o-ni*. and Bave 
a hnrse two ([uans vf the mixed incut, wet iii wiirm wulcr. three time* 
a day. He took the i^e when t)ie horse was not used at hard work. 
In two merks not a sign of the heaves could be observed, nnd the 
hutsc lookril nji fleek and bright as if his hair had been oiled. He 
had cured two horses of hi> own of this dlstteH*.iiitE C"ni|ilHiiit. uml 
recommended il to oihers. wliu bad eiperienccil a like result. In 
raw,'* of hone distemper and coughs, it is an excellent remedy. 

J. Svfj I'Mil cases ol heavei have been cored by simply f(^rdi^l£ the 
animal upon cut .■ind nioincnoii feed, of v pry kih id quality and in 
small quantities, three times a day. I-'iu inMaiice. ("ur pounds ol] 
tinioihy hay and three quarts of feed made of equal quantiticsof oats, 
corn, and wheat bran ground togeiher. With tfiis was mixed aKmall 
qunnlily of Kail, and twice a week one dram of sulphate ol iion and 
half an ounce I'l Kround grntian root were jtivcn in the feed. A lilv 
eral bran mash every evcniuK will also be very useful. A horse that 
cannot be cured by this ircaimcnl is of do value, and may be conaid- 
cred p«ai cure. 

J. AsalorliiJa, pii1vcrixc<I, one r>iinre: camphor Kiiin. pulveriied, 
one-half ounce; niii and divide into four jiowikr^; feed ore every 
other tiifiht for a week. 

4, Dalsam of 6r nnd balsam ol copaiba, four ounces each, and mix 
wiih lalrlned magne*i* suflicicntly thick lu make it Into balls; and 
give a middlinjc-Mied ball night and morning for a ivoek or irn days. 
Hemorrhage— to reli«ve.— To »top hrmorrhaite of the lunRs, con| 
the thighs, and arms above the eibi>w. with small, strong cord* 
tighlly dr^wn and ti^d. )t will ttop the flow of blood almost in. 




tvifAT £i'i-:/tv ox/-: should kxoh: »i 

KUnlt)'. nt li hM dooc for (he writct miin)- limes. It naa rcconr 
mcnilfil by u phyeicUn o( experience. 

Housebald Hints. — Do not depo*it woihI a»hc» In a wooden vcmcI 
pr upon a wooden floor. 

Kcv«r wic a Keht In cxomliiinK a gas-meter. 

Never Uke a I ik lit Into & closcl. 

Never re.iil in bed by c»ii>tle or l&mp linhi, 

ttcver put kindling wood i>n lop of the biovc to dry. 

Xevcr leave cloihcs near a srale or fire-place lu dry. 

Be careful In malclng fire with sharlags. and never use any kind of 
oil lu kindle « lire. 

Keep iill Irchts u* fur ftoni curtuini iw possible. 

Always fill niid uim your lumps by dayli|[ht. und never nenr a 
fire. 

Good nice pie-cruRt cftD be made bv always obserring the fotloit- 
InK rule. Onr-qiiaitcr of a cup of snortening lo every cup uf flour 
used; lu tic mined Hsdryu pomlble with cold water, uml mixed only 
with a knife. 

Take iwcet bullcr only for baking purposei. and never foil to thor- 
oughly Ileal together your bnllci and sugar, if you would be rare of 
good retuli* In (^ke bahiiit;. 

Have nirlnl i^r eiirthcn ve«el> for inwrlies. *nil keep then* out nf 
reach of chlliiien. Wnx mulches arc nvl safe. 

Ground muaturd mixed with a little ivnict is on excellent agent Un 
cleansing the haniU after handling odoroui substances. 

Cut Iiol lirc^ul lit cake with n hot knife, and It will not be clMnmy. 

Salt extracis llie jtiiccn of meat in CDoklnE. Steak* ouRht there- 
fore not to be sJilied until they have been broitod. 

In bailing dumplings of ony kinit, put them In the iFBler one at a 
lime. If ihey are put In logciher they will mix wjih cnch other. 

Do n«t cut lamp-wicks, but trhn Ihem by wipiaji oH with a scrap 
of pnper. 

Never boll vegclabtc* with wnip slock, ti>r if yuu do it will oertalnly 
bceumc sour In a short time. 

Itoily'iurcTcamfnrcoaee, and see If the coRee will not laatc bet- 
ter, as veil *• keep hot longer. 

Pin-cushion co\era iomId of ebeesc cloth embroidered and trimmed 
with lace, wear well and keep their looks. 

Someone s.ivs that leaves of p.-itsley. eaten wtihaUttle vfnegar, 
will dctiroy ihe <x]i >r of breath tainicd by onions. 

|{(it liquid l>c la rec'immendcil for removing ohi^iructlons in waste 
I pipe*. Or let Ihe potash distiulve over nishl in the pipes. 

To wipe dust ftiMn papered walls take a clean, soft pieceof flannel. 
Uf course it must not be damp, but the dry flannel will remove ihe 
du«t. 

Vaniikh the Soles of your *hoes. and It will render tbcin impervious 
to (lampneM, and will also aiiJie Ihom last longer, This jj) a r>'od 
plu. 



to* 



WIfAT EVERY O.VE SHOUt.P KNOW. 



Clean the niica in Move door* viih TJnetiar. Take clinker* eu( ol 
•loves by pulling a (cvr uytier KhelU Inlo ihc grale. vhen they will 
become loosened, *n(l may be trmoveil M'iihout InJuriiiK ilie llnlnK- 

Sdve the drnppinK> from spermaceti c*n(ll<», tic then Inaclutl^ 
«nd keep lo imoolh rough flat-irons. 

Ncvrr lUich njipklnt. 

All old binck bunting oc cashmere drens mny be made to urve « 
(uriher [wriod of usefulncHi by bcinK mude intfi • pettieo*!. 

Between two evils chooie neither. 

WrlUrgawill docs not ihoftcn life, and yet mwiy men fear il 
will. 

Sav« old tiinpender rin|{i, and sew iheni on the curncrii of kitchen 
holderr to hant; them up by. ll till be easy Iheii to flip them nn \it 
a ciiil. and ihcy will not be »o likrly to gel loii. 

Powdered Imhiix with a little sugar, blown Into the cracki^ nod 
crevices with II «mHil hellomt. will drive away hiiui^e-nniii. 

Hh.-c a hich slool in Ihe kilcheii to ait on when (irecl. lo conlinu* 

four work if necesuiry. Perched on il> liip yoit cuii na»h dishes or 
ron with ease. A low siool placed on a wouden chair forms a sub- 
Mltu c, but a poor one. A soft sheep-skin mat is restful to stand 
Upon. 

Tner« <s nothing better tor cleaning Imhm ax copper lh«n rosl 
ashes. They are alio good W> scour knivM and forks with. For tin, 
whhina or fine sand it bc«t. 

To cleanse Jare or Jug* or any earthen vcmcI slaked lime Is k<kn1|, 
or warmed lye. 

To keep a stove smooth, lake a coAnte and pretty latK* piece 
flannel, roll ii hard, and dip it in fine sand. Proceed lu rub your 
tluve whenever you are through cooking. Almost any stove wilf 
look ticll>.r for bclnit done the some way oceasionnlly. Boiled slaivh 
I* alio very good to keep • stove looking well ; put ii on wheie it will 
not burn oS— •round the back and sides whcie it doau't get, very 
hoi. 

HcM — how to make lay- — While on a visit In the fall to a itiendj 
we were >uipii>tc'l i<> nee the number of egK* l)e daily obtained ll< 
had but siMcen bcph. and the product per diem aveianed tlililecnl 
egiis. He was in the lialiil of giving, on eveiy nliernale day, a lea- 
spoonful end a quarter of careone pepper, mii^nl with soft fuod. and 
took caic that each hen obtained her shore. The esperiinenl of 
utnilling the pcroer vat tried, when it wiu found that the number of 
eggs ITU rediacea each trial fti'ni five i» aix daily. We believe that 
the madente ii»e o[ this stimulant m^I I'nly increases the number of 
egss. but eScctually wards of diseases to which ihickeos are sub- 
iecte<l. 

HtB Lice— (O drive «w«j.— 1'he only reliable tnrans o\ ridding 
the hen-rooM and piue<in-!oll of vermin is a prepHiiitinn of sulphut 
and carbon. lechnicaTly known as sutphutet carbon. In France t' 
ba* been thoroughly lealed, and it works like a chaim. It kills lire 



WHAT BVERV ONE SHOULD KffOW. 



»] 



InMcti which pr«v upon pi|ct>oai and fowU. wilhoul Injuring; the 
biril*. A boiilc coauinin^ uvt solution witt loiii »cvcnu day*, and 
thsCOTI of l< i" small. Put tiro auncci of the lulphum of Cftrbun in 
«bORle ugirn nt llic- tnouih miil hang i I by ii ttriiiK in u heo.house. 
At th« end uf ciKht Aayi Ihc bi>(ll« should lie icfillcil. The remedy 
Is said lo be infallible. If >s gnud u claimed (a be. ii iJiould be 
known lo every fanner's wife and poulirj- rniier in the country, 

Heiu— to make lAfthe whole year.— Give esrh hen half nn ounce 
of fresh meiit every (liiy. an<l m\x a smiill iimoiint of red pepiier with 
their food during the winli't. Give Ihem pleniy of ^ain. tvaier, 
grnvel nnd lime, nnd allow no cotks (o run wiih ihem. 

Hens — rules for setting. — Be sure thai your hec vonu lo xlt onit ' 
la ronlenled with her locAilon. 

Select your cixfi f'om hcnti Ihai arc known, and do not (niM lo 
those from n neighbor. 

Do not uie eggs that arc from yardscuntainlnKmore than ten hens 
to ono cock. 

After the hen Is on the nc<i do not disturb her, and place her neel 
where the other hens cannot mu tM, her. 

Let the nesl be in a warm location in winter, and in a cool place tn 
summer. 

See thai cvcryihlng; I* clean around her oeki, and keep food and 
wMtcr within easy accew. 

Provide ii dust bath. And be on the watch for the appeurance ot 
lice. Should Ihcy appear, use the ['ersiun insect powder. 

The cgits used should be a* fresh as possible — (he ((cshet the 
better. 

After the eKK i* " pipi'^'' " <lo not o^wn the shell any to assist the 
chick, as ih« fluids will evaporate before the chick ia ready to came 
out. 

Lice tDske the hen restless, and as this caimes a constant change «( 
temperature in the neiii. poor haicbe* will In- the result. 
Let the food for the hen be of a raricly, :ind plentiful. 
Do not feed the ynunt: chicks unlit they are twenty-four hours old. 
These nilei nte not hard to obiiet\'e, and are nccessiry If good 
hati;hct lire lo be expected. 

Hiccough*— to cure,— Take n nnBll piece of lump tuitar tnlu the 
mouth, and tel ii diu-olve very slowly, or drink any liquid very slow. 
ly. and the hicoiuKhs wilt ccAie. 

Hide Bound Horse — to recruit. — To teerult a hide bound havtK, 
Kivc nltiAte poiassa (or solipcier}, foui ounces; crude antinionv. one 
ounce: sulphur, three ounce*. S'iiraie of poutssa Hntl uniiimmy 
•houtd be flnety nulveriied. then Add the sulphur, and mix the whole 
well together. Dose, a (ablespoonful of the nixltirc in a bran nuuh 
ddlly. 

Hints to Cmllers on (he Sick.— Only call at the door, unlcM you 
MO sure your friend is able to tee you without harm. 
Enici and leave ihc house, and move about the room quietly. 




H4 



W/tAr EVEKY CXE SHOULD KNOW. 



Cdrry s (hccriul f«c. and speak ch«vr(ul wi>nJ», 
III Dtdtr l» chrrr you need tcti net licH. 
II your (limd ii very akk do nol lull jnlo guy and toielcM talk In 
ihr oiiempi lo be (hceriul. 
Di' ii«[ n>-k i{uc<>1i»n(, an4 thus oMIkc your Irienil tu talk. 
Tulk nbout Hnmrlhinfi outiride. and no! about Ihe disntM »xA <ir. 
cumsl^inces of the pulicni. 
Tell the ncm. but nol tb<r tin of theskk and dying. 
If poHilblc (Atfj Komcibing with you lo plcjoe Ihe eye and rellev* ' 
the miHii'tririy a\ ihe »irk.room, a flower, or even » picture, which 
you can luHn f'T a few day*. 

H desirable, some little delicacy lo ternpl Ibe appelile will be w«ll 
bniowcd: but nothing could be more a complete illu«irallon of mi*- 
Mkeii kindness than the rommon catiioni f>f letnpiinx sick per«an« lo 
eui Mi;!i iitmbiitc*"ni<- tliiiiK* a« rich CAkes, Bweetme^lK. *lc. 

Hoarseneu— remedira for. — I. Horseradish Trill afford iimtan. 
ifliieoui relief in most obiimate cnsn of hoarsenest. The root, of 
cmirte. puMCoes the ranv, virtue, ihoutth Ihe Ic^vc* arc good lill they 
dry, when they lute ihcir t^iienKih. The moi i> beic whni It \% Krecn. 
The penmi who will iise it freely ytW. iKfore brKinnini; to «penk. nill 
not be troubled oith huarseiiess, 1 would like to add ihai Ihe rout 
boUed down anJd swcecened into a ibick syrup will give relief in Ihe 
teveml casca. Il nas formerly used in ttiii nay in our family, and 
thoufth very bad lo lake, never failed lo give relief 

1. When (he voice ia loal. A* Is eofflcttinca Ihe ra^c. (rmn the rllci'ls 
tA a cold, a tiimple, pleaHiil remedy is fumiBlied by beating up ihe 
while of one cg^. adding lo il the juice of one lemon and sveeicnlng 
with while augar lo laMe. Take a teai^pooDfuI from lime lo liiue, 1i 
has been knowo to efli-clually cure the ailment. 

y Hoil twu uur>CFf nl flaxwrd in tn\r <)uart of walcr, strain, and 
then odd two ounces ol mik candy. halF a pini of syrup or honey, 
and the iuicc ot three lemons; mix. and ihen bMl logeihcr, 1^1 It 
then cool, and bottle for use. Take one cupful before going lo be4 
—llac holtet you drink it ihe belter. 

4. Miss Purlua giveii ihl« cure lor haar«enc«»: Hake a temon or 
sourorange for twenty minntcK in » modemti^ oven, then open II at 
one end and dig out the inside, which su-crien with sugar or moIaMea, 
and cat Thi« will cure hoatxencts and icnovc Ihe prexMire from 
the lunKs. 

Holland Gio. — Tu one hundred naJlona of reclified spirits aild 
ladcr you have cul itie oils well) one and one-half ounces ol the oil of 
- KnglLsh iuniper, one-half ounce of angelica essence, onc-hulf ounce 
ol llie oil of ci>ri.uider. uod on't'half ounce of nil nf caidway; put this 
into the frdilled spirit and rummage well. Thia iu Mrons gin. To 
make ihis up, a» it is raited )>y the Itadr. add forty-live pounds nf 
loaf lugar dissolved, then ruinninKC the whiilc well together witli 
.'••u( ouoiei loclie atum. Fur linings, add four ounces tails of tarlai. 
Home Devices.— To make a ■en-lcubk handkefchicf case, take a 



WHAT F.VF.RY O.VF SHOULD KS'OW. 



»o* 



piece of black oit-clolb (yuu ciin fttx il At anj- hurnoK-mokcr's). cut 
oac piece six and one-half by seven iiicbcK fi>r Ihc back; then cot 
four piece*, three-cornered, two ot Ihem sevFn iind i>ne-hAl( Inclie* ' 
on one lidc, anil live on Ihc olhct sidei. and Ihc oihrr two. six and 
oiie-huir inrhr« on one tide and live on Ihc other two sidcx. Now 
bind each [liinc with narrriw riblxin and linr lh<-m. turning in the 
edges and calcliing lldo/vn nicci)' on iho liinrlinK. Now Uy them on 
the back, the long sides on the looDest of ihe hack, elc, Ihrn ceiv 
over and over on ihc rljiht oide: thji Dringt the |v>ints all in the cen- 
ter. Paalcn the two end points touethef and put n book on one tide- 
point, and Jin eye on Ihe other. Then put a ISiile bow on (he oul- 
sidc. 

To m!tk« burned -01 ale ti receivers or spice boxes: Crochet a coven, 
beitin irlih a thain long enough lo reach around the bng; join il and ' 
croflict it deep cnougli l» cover the l>ag. Then make a roir of Real- 
lops around the top and bollom. but di> not put a bottom in, ag th« 
ba^ will stay just as well, if il is nut too loose, Nnw make a chain 
about half a yard long and sew ic on opposite sides of the cover to 
hong It Dp by. 

Take ^mall boiie«. such tu ink cotnea in. or about that litel then 
take an old iguiltorold pieces of cloth < yuu can slulT il as oioch u 
you like), and lay il on the bottom of the boi outside, or lurn the box 
uptide down. Now nail a piece of carpet over this and puiaj^ecw 
Hriiunil Ihei'idc. turning the edge and nailing It on the inside. Thcf 
make pretty ilools and arc inexpensive. 

Hints for Home ComfartB.— A short needle makes the most e» 
pcdillon in plain sewing 

When you atr parilcular In ivishtng to have precisely what yau 
want [r«iii a liulcbet'«. (;o and piircha*e it yourself. 

People in general are not aware how very essential to the health oJ 
their inmates is the free admission of light inio their houses. 

A lealhcf strap, with a buckle to fasten, ii much more ronvenirut 
than a cord loi a boa In general use: cording and uncording is incun- 
VeTitnii 

Sitting to sew by candle-light by a (able with a dark dolh on it la 
injurious lo Ihe eyesight. When no other remedy presents itself, 
put a sheet ol while paper before you. 

People very lonxnonly coinpI«mal Indigestion: hi;iH> can it be won- 
dered at. when they serin by thcii habit i>l swallowing their food 
wholesale, to forget (or what purpose they are provided with teeth. 

Never allow your servants to put wiped knives on your lablc; for. 
generally speaking, you may sec that they have been wiped oR with 
a dirty el»tb. If a knife i> biighlty cleaned, tticy arc compelled to 
U!ic a clean ctoth. 

There is not anything gained in economy by baring very younc 
and inexperienced servants at low wages; they break, waste, and de- 
Kirof more than an equivalent for higher wage*, totting aalile eotn* 
fort and iMpcciability. 



kP 



HrffATBt^EKY O.V£ StfOi'LD k'XOO^. 



Home Education. — The rollowlnd rula ait wotihy of bclngpriol- 
cd in >rlltr>. ot koXA, nnd ptaecd In a conipkuout place In cverj 
houwlidld: 

Ftom our rhildrcn'i eailinl infancj' inculcue Iho nccmsitjr of in* 
slant obedience. 

Unite flrmncm with Kcnltcncs*. Let your chlldfcn klvrajr* under- 
Msnd that jruu mean what you tay. 

Kever ptomue Ihem aaylhini; unlns you ara iiiiito nira you t*ii 
give whuC you say. 

If you telt a child lo do something, show him how to do It and 5e« 
that It in done. 

Always jiunish your tliild (or nillully disobcyinK you, t>ut novcf 
punish hitn In ainfcet. 

Never let ihem know that they vex you, or make you lose your 
self-command. 

If Ibi-y ipve nny lo petulance or ill-temper wail till (hey are uln, 
then fienily rcuMxi with Ihcoi ixi the iiii propriety ci( their conduel. 

Remcmiier that u Vmle present punishment, when the occwon 
ari(c». In much more cfleclual than the threatening of a gn^ater pun- 
ishment, should the fault be rencned. 

Never give yiiur children diiyihliiu lieeautie they cry for it. 

On no account allow llicni to do ai one time what you lia«'o for* 
bidden, under the some cireumsLance«, at another. 

Teuch them thai the only sure and easy way to appear good Ii to 
be good 

AccotloB) ibeiD (o make Ihoir little recitali with iierfirci truth. 
Never nllow tale bearing. 

Teach them Mrlf-denial, no* self-indulgenee. 

Hone; (Artificial).^!. Mix together ten pounds white nugar, two 
pounds eletir tieet' honey, one cjujiri hoi water, half an ounce cream 
tartar; when cold. Iluvor with Iwti or three drop* attai o( roses, and 
sprinkle in ,1 handful of cle«r. yelluw huncy-comb. broken up. Thi* 
will deceive the best judges, and is perfectly healthful. 

1, Take ten pounds Kood while (brown) i^ugar. three pounds soft 
water, 'wo and orir-half ix-unti* bee bread honey, forty gtaini cream 
tartar, twelve drops of oil i>l (lepprrmint. three vunceir gum arable, 
one drop aitur of ruse, put Ihem into a brass or copper Kelile, and 
boll Ihem for lire minutes; then take Iwu teospoonfuls of nutverUed 
sl^tperyelm and mix with one pound of water; then strain It and mix 
ft into (he kettle; take It oft unil lient up the white of iwo cg£s and 
Biir them in: lei il M*nd lwi> niiniiteti, then hkim it weti. and ulirn 
neatly cold add one pound of piire bees' hooey, and so on for Intgcr 
quantiliei^ 

Honey— to separate from wax.— Pot honeyeomb and all In a tin 
pan upon a moderately warm stove, adding a tableapoonful of water 
lu eacb pound of honey. Stir necaaiooally with a piece of wire until 
the contentaof the pan are in a liquid condition. Dv vol allow boil- 
ing to begin. Remove the pan from the Are, and s<t It aside to cool 



WHAT EPEKV 0X£ SlIOVU) KNOW. joi 

The cakr of ivax. 10 tvtiith alt Iin(>urll!e* will oilhere, may then bo 
CDrefutly 'F(l«d oR witli a knife. 

Hops (The) — uses of. — Thr hop i« a narcoiie, Ionic, >nd diuretic ; 
!i reduces the frequency of ihc puW. and doa not eScct the bead, 
Ifkc moat itnodynet. 

VwA nlrrnJinv. it acts vi an anodrneand discuiieni, and is useful 
■^ ,1 fometiiiiiiun for [lainful lumon, rhcumMii- pains in the joints, 
aiLtl severe eonlusioni. A pillow Muffed wilh hops acts u a nnrcolic. 

When the ponder ii mlxcri with Urd. it aeis a« An anodyne dresalns 
li: painful ulceni. 

hvtt. — Of (he extract, fTom five t[rainR to one KRiple: of the tinel* 
ure, from half a dram to three dramH: of the powder, from three 
gtaitiii 10 one srtuple; of the inlusion, half an ounte toooennd a halt 
Qunees. 

Hoof-ail la Sheep.— Muriatic add and huitet of antimony, of cncb 
IHU ounces: whiir vitriol, pulveriied. one oimfe; niix, U(t the foot,' 
and drop a Iriite of it on the buKom. only once or tvrtce a week. It 
kill! the cid hoof, and a new one soon lakes Its place. 

Horn — in imitation of tortoise-shell.— First steam, and then \ 
Ihc horn int.i proper ihiipc, and iiJicrwatd lay the (ollowintj tniatur 
oil with a sninll briinh, ill IcnlWlio'i of the n)»lllr of liMloiic-sliell. ' 
Take equal purls of quickliitli- und lilhartie, and mix wilh Mronn 
xoap-lees. Lei this tem^rn unal ii is thoroughly dry; biuih uQ, and 
tepcat two or three limes if necesMry. Such pan.i as arc required to 
be of a teddioh brown ahoutd be covered with a mixture of whiting 
and the sinln. 

Horn <Thel — to curre, — Kasp the born on the outside if you wlsb 
to turn the bom in. It will give life to thai part, and increase it* 
([rowth wonderfully on the side rasped. You can give the horn any 
•liape you p!e«»e by «fr»pln([, 

Horn iCows'^to poliali.— The row's horn* can be e4«ily polished I 
in the following way: Take u rallier course file and Kle alt of the 
rough places as timooth as convenient: then take No, a sand-paper 
and rub until a good surface is obiained. then No. i, and follow with 
No. <i. After all ^f the snntches from the coaracr sand-paper aro 
removed, rub with roltrn-slone and oil <>n a woolen rajt. This wiU 
frive it a mirror -like poliih if nil of the umilchM are previously re> 
moved. 

Horn — to polish uid mount.— Boll the liorn to remove the pith 
UnlOH It Vi Already out. Scrape wilh itlans or a ahorp knife, dlppinfj 
the horn in hoi water oc«Miona.l1y to keep it soft. When ull Ih«] 
roughnds and spots are ofl, rub with One sand-paper or emery papcr^ 
around the horn. Wlien as smooth as they can I>e made in this way.i 
take powdered pumice-stone or rotten-stone, wilh a lUnnel cloth and ' 
linseed oil. and rub lenicihwlse noill atl [he sand-paper markt are re- 
moved; then rub with a clein llunncl cloih till fully polished. It la 
■aid thai after Ihis a cotlon cloth, and Rnalty tissue paper, will pru- 
diiee a Mill higher poli»h, and I think it worth tiy ing. A pair ol 



lo» 



mfA T F. Vf.R V OKP. RtlO VLD h'KO W. 



%ornt can \it mounlcd tiy laklnic ii block of irooU lODg CBOUgli to e<- 
Icnil inio ihe horns. Ipavinjn ibrni tbe original distance apajt. Then 
All ih<r horn* wlih wci plosici (i( Part*, and puib them on ihc tat\ i>l 
llir lilDrk.' When dry lh<-y will be aolid, and covered with finclii dr 
plusli. ihry will Xn: " pcrtcclly »pl«fldld." The btnclc mar ^ rouiiilecl 
at the top anil fliiitcnnl M (he iMlIom, m> lui lo icI »erurely on k »hell 
or brncfcet- 

HOTic lB*lky>— car« for. — I would preparp luyscU with a good 
titiHp — I unni MO whlji; pnhap* he hu |[t<[ n taste of that Already, 
and itill he \<t iniuler. Hut »iime Aiir diiy when 1 m'iu at peace with 
all uiound, 1 Kuuld hitch him to the biiicKy. turning his heud to the 
vlllosc. lie i{oes hiilf the way very well indeed, then he bcgiiu lo 
coflsldor thai ^e hax gone (ar enough In thai direction, and tiWf%, I 
SIrp diiwn: he expcci* inc lo u*c the whip. A* a ctimlnal I treat blm 
on the silent lyMein, I pu*h htm buck n tlii)c out ol the way. I 
iihow him the itrap. puiiinK ii u[i lo his nuHc. 1 |^ to the off side 
and huckle ii to hUtore leg, cUaeup lo his breast, throwing the other 
cnil over hit. shoulder; I Ihcn nuK hli ne«r fool and fix It ue-tr the 
hiKif, neatly louchinK th«bcllv. Thiti done, I aay^ " Now. old chap, 
jou just aland there. I don I »ni«ke. »o 1 l^ke a paper frum my 
poefcet. and finding a place where I can »ii down, and he sec* me. 1 
begin to read. Ttiii Is somcihinK be did not bargain for, and the 
novelty of siandiOK on three Icks tomewhal dlverti; hi* ininil from Ihc 
eauac lh*l slopped him. I ihink thin Ik the chlcl piilni ii> he iruined, 
and die idobI humane. When Ihe t>lrHfi is lAkcn off I »h(iw it lo him. 
CBICM him a little, and we move on without irritation. TTic strap 
wiU now become n pan of the baraes* lor a munib or two. till at l>*t 
tbe "tshi of II will net at a ulUman. 

Horse (Balkri — cure for.— i, Hrrmnnn Kuun. my GermAii nei^. 
bor.ii us jKiiiriil a nuin hb bcli>i>ic4 lo ihnl patient race. Cummg 
along ihe road a month or no ttigo, I saw I termann lyina In a fence 
comer, under the shade uf an elm, t|uictly smoking his pl|ie. A 

Siartcr of a mile or so heyond I saw Hermann's horse and hutiKy by 
e roHdaide. the hut*c evidently lied to a pott. This was a queer 
condition of affnira, for my neighbor is «no of Ihc most Jndustrioui 
men I know. My curiosity was arouied, and 1 stopped for an ex- 
planation. In broken English he told me bis horse, a recent par> 
chase, had proved balky, had slopped where he now iiood, Mo no 
atnnuni of coaxinft roiifd induce lilm lo (■> on. Ilemann did not 
cune the animal ; he did noi sirikc il niih his whip, beiat it with a 
club, buiM ■ ire under its belly, nor m->tt to any olher of the bruLal 
mean* iw«ne meti use in such eases, lie quietly got out of Ihc bugiiy, 
led Ihcbonie lo Ibe poK., and walked off, leaving It to Its own rellec* 
tioBs. Hermann bad been laklog ll eai-y under ihe Ire« lor three 
long houi«. He thought Ihe bone would be gUd to go now if re< 
quested to do so. ll bad once before slopped wiih him. and after a 
patirnt waiting alone, for an bour. it went on alt right. 1 le cxpccied 
about tow hours, (his time, would cRcci a permanent cure of the bod 



U-//A T fvkrv o.\'e snoi'LD kWOW. 

h*hll. I wrtil aw .iliout my liiisiiK'^ii. Ic-nvinn; [he slollit Gcnnotl 
lii« iiit>c flciil \\\* tlmujctiU. Tti-diiy 1 iii«t hhn .tjc»iii. lie >>Ai<l the 
hone was ctii^r to itait when he went back lo the buKliy.""'! ilx'ush 
h« has used il every day since, no disposiiion lo balk nas been mani- 
feMctl. lie believe* the<e wilj be no fepclilion tj( ihe offense. Moii 
men Ibtiik they <iiitn<il ftlliiri] (<> wa^te liiDC in thl* way, perhaps, but 
if tlie hiTM.- i> t'titnl he is > vnluftblc one ; whctcas, il ii had bccmiie 
a chrunic baiker. iliCKUgli cruel inmaf[«ineiil, ic would be wontilcu. 
Hermann ihou^hi he could noi make money faster than by saving (he 
reputation oi hit hirse. It I* a ncn xy»(cm, but Hermann viyii it will 
irorlE well every time, if the horiw Is not nanirally vlciouR. 

a. One mcth'Kl lii cure *. bulky horve if to tHke him fixm the car- 
riage and whirl him rapidly around till he isKiddy. Iirequlrei Iwo men 
to accompliih this — one iit ihe hcirsc's tail. Don't let him ilep out. 
Hold him to the smikllcit poulbic eirde. One done ivlll oflrn rure 
him. iRu dotie^ air finnl with ihi: woriii hunc ihai ever rediited losiir. 
Another plan is to fill his iiioulli with Ihe dirt or gravel from [he road, 
and he will at once ^. the philosophy of Ihia being that il gives him 
something else to think about. 

Horse Bl&nlcct— to moke. — Four jute bran lackt sewed loneihei; 
will miike ^ hoise bbrkel lli.ll is not lou warm, nor too >-xi>ensive fat 
nightly use in the Uvrn. They are sufficiently porous lo allow a well 
horse to drv oR in the stable, and yet are a considerable protection 
from roM cuirrncs of air. 

Horses— breaking and training tR«rcj's dircct!anAJ.-~ln train- 
ing hones you must remember that there ure certain natural law* 
that govern ihem. For instance, it is nainral for him to kick whcti- 
CTCr hfi nets bndly (riH:)ilct>e(l; it Is natural for him to o cape from 
whatever he thlnkti will do lllm hami His IftflUlie* of Melng. he 
ing, and smelling, have been givrn him lo cxiiinine everything neM 
that he is brought io contact wjth. AaA so long as you present hlml 
with nothing that tMcaA* his eyes. nose, or cars, you can then handle 
him nt will, nolwithslanillng he may be frightened at tir«l. so ihul in 
X (.hurt time he will not he afraid o( anything he is bniuRht in cont 
will). All of the whipping and spurring •>! horses for shying, stutl 
bling. etc., is useless and cruel. If he ihie*. and you whip him for i . 
il only odds terror, and makes Ihe object larger than it would other- 
wise be; give him lime lo examine it without punishing him. He 
fhuuld never be hit with the whip, under any circumstances, or 
fuf anything that he does. As to smelling oil, there is oothing that 
aiaist* the trainer lo lame his horse better. It Is better to appnuic" 
a colt with the scent o( honey or cinnamon upon your hand, ihnn I 
(cent of hog<, lor honics naliirntly fe;tr the scent of hogs, and will »li 
Icmpi to escape from il. while llicy like Ihc srent of hont-y. cinnamoit, ] 
or sail. To aOecc a horse with diugs you must give him some prc|>>l 
aralion of opium, and while he is under the influence of It, you can 
not leach him anytning more than n man when he Is inioxicalc 
vrlUi liquor. Another thing, you mtjst remembct to treat him kiudlj. 



«« WHAT EVERY OJVB SItOUUi KNoW. 

(or when you requin obedience from nny liubjecc. It Is bclirr Co hAv« 
il rcnd^icd from u ttmse of lovo than (mr. You ahould be rur«(ul nor 
lu chnic Ihc lipf of your colt or hurl hi» mouth in aoy way : if you ilu 
lie will dUIIke to hnvc the bridle on. After he w lauRhtto fullow you, 
then |iii( on the haniess. putlliiK your line* through Ibc xhJifl xiruiiH 
ulung llie diile. and leiicli him to yield V> the rcicnti. (urn'Miori in ilic 
tiffht and left, teach liim lo RIand Kiill beforv he is ever liiichcil tip; 
you then have control over him. If he gels frishicned. ihe line* 
■bould be UM>] lu a tclcfcntph. lo Icl him know what you w«iit h!ai to 
do. No horiie i* nniurally vlcioua, but alway* obeys his trainer aa 
•ooo OS he cuni|>rehen>ts what he would hare Mm do; yrm miiti bs 
lirtn with him al the same time, Kild iprc him lo undtT»tand (hal you 
aic the trainer, and thai he i* Ihe hon«. The be>t bits tu Uc umhI lu 
hold a hor>c, to keep hii inoulh from getting giore. ii a KtraiKbl bu- 
liit, (our BDil one-hajf Inches long bctwem the ring;*; ihk opeiatca on 
ImHIi «'d« n( the jiiir. while the ordinwy snaffle dirms .t cinmp soil 
prCHU Ihe -tide of ilir j:iw. The curb or bridoon hurifi his under pw 
*a thu he will Mop before he will give to the reign. To throw a 
horse, put a tope twelve feci long around his bod* In a running 
noose, pass It down to the ri^ht fore foot ilirouKh A ring In a I'piincli, 
then buckle up the led or ncHr fore foot. \akz n firm hold on yuui 
rope, lead him aruimd until he vs tired, give him a thove irith your 
shoulder, at the lamc time dt.iwinn up the right (poi which brings him 
on hli knce«. boM him iicAdy. nnd in a few moments he nlll Wc 
duwti. Sever Attempt lu hold him »ii1l, lot the more he snufllr» Ibc 
liciter. 

Take your COU into a light room or pen, and with a long whip 
caoimence tnapmng at the colt's hind lee. uking care not lo hit above 
Ibe hock«, stopping ImmediAiely when the colt tarns his head loward 
yuu: while his hcscl It toward you. appn>Mch him with the left hand 
extended tnward him. huldint: your whip in the riKhi. ready to soap 
him as suon as he turns his head from you. In this way you can 
Mion get your hands upon him. As soon os you hove done this, be 
rarcful to carets him for hit obedience, and snap him lot his diso- 
liedicnre. In this way he will soon Irarn that he Is lalest In your 
presence with his he^ liiwurd yi>u. and in u very shun time you nin- 
noi keep him away froim you. Speak kindly and firmly to him. all 
ibe time uressinK him. calling by nAinc, and saying. " llo. boy," 
or " IIo, DIna." or some familiar word that he will soon Icatn, 

II a colt Is awkwinl and careless at fltsl, you must bear with hini. 
Temerabeting that we, too, were awkward when young: allowint; him 
his own way. until by dcKrees he will come in. If he is wilful, you 
must then change your course «f treatment, by confining him in inch 
a way thai he Is powcrlcia lor hanu until he submits. If he is dis- 
poMd lo run, u«e my poic check i'd him; if t<i kick, fasten a rope 
around hU under jiiw. pnn* it thruugh the collar und allMCh it to his 
hind feel. In this way •.mr kick will cure him. as the force of lb* 
Dlow falls on hi* jaw. If he ahoukl be stubborn, lay him down and 



WltAT EVElty OA'f. SUOVLD ttSOW, 911 

(onSnp him until yon lubdue htm, witboQl punfihinit him with Ihe 
whip. 

Colt 1; Hlinu 111 tie bfnhe without t>ttni1-brl>11»: nflrr they air- wi-I1 
liTiikr, llicti ) "ii miiy |>ul on blinibi. Hdilli'B withi'ul lilimis are Ihp 
bi'it utilctK y"U ivniil to speed your hofic. then it will be necessary 
lo keep him (torn seeing Ihe whip. Colls should t* well handled and 
uuchi to ([ivc readily to ihe rrlgn Ijefore they src hitched up. If yim 
hiich ilicm up (he linii thlntf and ihcy ticci^me frixhl^ned, then you 
have 110 tdiiirtil over them; tint if yoii lrM':h Iheiti In Man. slop, aiid 
BMnd ill tile woni before they nrif hitched. lh«ti yuu can t[ovem thein. 

Horses— cruelty to.— Bciide* ihe cruel puuUhmenl inflicted upon 
tionici, liy Ihc carfless nnd hcartle** driver, he j« rnhjeclcd (o icvcrr 

Eunislmn'iii ill lliewinlrf WBiion, by lieinR; comi>eile<l 10 (ftke ft-nen 
its itilc hio Tiioulh 'n liild wc»ther, IruHni; the sliiii (r'lni the IrniEue 
*xiA the roof of his mouth, producing a hmvy inftiimmaiion tii the 
mouih and throat; h- gcu poor, hidebound, and the sympntheiic 
ne(vr» ii( ihe hcail tak* up llic inflnmnialion, carry it to the hcnd ami 
cycH. frc'Eiurciliy iir^Hltji iiii; liliiidiir^vH^ i\t\f\ a hundifd other <UxeiL^c9^ 
The whip stiouM t>c uned as an insttuiiK-nt '>! pleuAure innlcnd of lur. 
lure; nod y-tut bi« ihoulJ !« wound with flannel or IcAlher: to that 
110 Iri'ji'ii iriin wdl come in ronlHCt wilh hii tnoulh, lEps, or tiiii|{tie. 
Hoi se shoe ) og — Rarer 'a directions for. — Tticir arc very few 
blAckitnillii Ibiit ever once Ihinb nhal ii complicated pieceof inachin* 
ety the fool of a horse ii. and by one carelens blow Ihey frequently 
Hop Ihe VDiking of this muchinr. The mnjorliy of smiths, as soon 
us ihry [lirk Up a horse's foot. )■" '■'■ work paring Ihr lircl, from Itie 
fact th:il it is the must convt-nirnl part of tlie ("'it. and thereby de- 
stroy the heel and braces of the looi, causing, in many instances, con- 
inctod heels. The heel of a horse should be well keptupand the toe 
down. Ry lowering the herls you throw the entire weight o( your 
horse up'jii the back lendoii of rhe ICK*. and thereby produce lame, 
ness from ovrrtaxinjc a very inipoitatii set of Icndons. By Iteeping 
up the heel you throw the weight upon the wall of the foot. In this 
position you prevent stumbling, clicking, etc- Ne»l the shocr com- 
(Dcnccf to pare nway the sole, thins it down until he can feel it tipring 
nithliis thumb. A>>k him trhy he d'les t^iia, and he ^fves you no 
reason, except frotn cubIi-iti ; iicil (.'oine* tlie bars or braees of the 
loot, they are smoothed down ; next in bis ruinous course, comes the 
Icogs of (he feet, they me subjecicd to the sumc cutting and smooth- 
ingprmmti. All Ihr cutliiiK, pniing .ind smoothing of llie soles, 
ban, or (tors is a decided injury lo the hone an well as to llicowner. 
AD the corns in the land are produced by this process of paling. Th< 
frogs have bptn placed in the foot by nature to expand the wall ol 
lhefoi>t,and n* soon as you commence to cut It, the oily aul)staii<e 
coimmeiicr* to leak oul. it drir* up, hccoines hard. losioK itKiilysub- 
nuivce, makes Ihe wall \\a^A and dry. inducing it lu eraok. Ttie 
nerves of Ihe feel are very sensilire, and smith" should be vctj- care- 
ful e*t 10 prick the foot, as it requires quite a time to ralievc thnm, 



911 



WilA T F.yF.JtV OXE S/10VIJ> KXOW. 



Till! fool i« n very <oinp)icucd piece o( mach(ncr>'- x"] tf >'"" ^*^p A 
liorscKcIl sbiH) und his fiMi in cuod condition, juu ran ihco gencr- 
nlly manafic Ihc tiniantp. The feet mflcr Irom beinR kepi tiH> itry. 
Hiir'.i.-t iliai xiiind on ticard Dooit tlioulcl have Ihcli fret wd cvrif 
dMV. or Ibrre thciulil l>c & vat 6vc \nie\ dr«p, flt-s feet 1'inj(. Hiid ihrtc 
widtr, filk'd uilh w.iicr «iid i"l«)'. in whith eftfh horac tan icand for 
one hour per ircck, unleu hii fort arc feverish, then he should Iw 
kcpl In il aa hour per dav, ur uniil ihc f«ver lubsidc*. Another 
•0UT>:c of injury In hones feet, U Ihc habit of pntroniilnx chca|i 
blackHinilli*. If n roan cun drivK x nail, he thrn telti up A fci|[n as a 
(artier or a velcrinHry surKCti, when in (ikI he knows nolhing of the 
analotny of the hur^e'i fnoi: t\ni having siivnl any lime or money In 
acquiring ihe necessary intotuiiilion, he can affucd to shoe a few shil- 
llnic* ch«-aprr than a veil -in formed man: Inil the jiatronK of vuch 
chenp nhiieinK are iccacnlly the suirercr*. All horM-»hi>crs Blmiiii! be 
»ell skilled veterinHry auriccon*. or (here should he a skiJfnl suti^eim 
Attached to every shop. Another source of poor shoeing and Injury 
is the lost of clastkily ol the frug. refusing to perform ils proper 
(unctions; tlic heel coniracis. the fool rulU. and you have a sure hone 
(or Ion or twelve monthii. for ii requires ihis lonjt to relieve a horw'a 
BufFering from beinx iMdly Hhinl, 

Under the circumttancca, the firat thrnK thai (ouches the toad or 
the floor «f the sull. should tie ibc fiug, and the wall of the foot 
■bould be kepi cut so as not to prevent It from toucbinK ai ei'cry 
•Mpi ftiid nu mun iIiai owns a horse should ever allow a hlacksmilti 
to cut Ihe solcB. bar*, or fr«ir» of his horsc'k feet. N^luro has adapt- 
ed the frogs to all desiriplicn uf mads, climalrs. and irtaiihei, wilb- 
oul being pared. So many horses have lieen ruined by this piotew 
u( parinft ihat there ate now several establish moils in this cnunlry 
that manufaclure India rubber naiU. Ihinkini; thereby i.> tupply the 
wa.ilcd friig and Ihc elasticity of the iiaiurat foi't. The frog is inscn- 
siblc to presBuic, and you may place ihe irhole weight of your horse 
on Ihcfiogand lie will suffer no inconvenience, os niay be seen from 
fJxieinic wilh one t>l my corn shoes; besides, this Is Ihc only reliable 
way tocure contracted feci; t.yihrowlng the weight upon the frog, 
you force them up between Ihe walls; it niti as ■ wcdue. and soon 
relieves Ihe contracted feet. Smiths should never huvr ttiejr shoes 
bfli when lilting thctn, as the application of hot iron extracts the oily 
suhsiance from the hoof. The amount of cruel punishment Inl1i<.(cd 
on botMa by croM-grain blacksinlihs. Is another tiource i<f |<r>(>[ shoe* 
ing, As soon as (he horto dues nut stand Ihe foiilih gelt auKiy, and 
commences whipping and jerking the animal, whlrh only adils teirur 
lo 11. so that he soon refuses to go lutlic shop if he (an avoid il; Jl is 
natural for horses to dislike lu be sIumI. because Ihc hum nie ring shocks 
the nervous system, until they arc accustomed In it. Itc shi'uld be 
taught to stand, and his feet well handled at home, before he is ever 
brought lo the shop by the owner, You then save the li»rso |K>uiid* 
ing.jutd the smith an itnmensc amount of labor thAl he never gets 



WUAT EVERY O.VF. SHOULD KffOW. 



»13 



•nypay for, for no man ever tbJntn tA payini; Miiyihinic rxini (or 
ihoFini; a bad hone. The wall of ihc fuoi should ncvrr \ic rasped 
fttiovc Ihe omI holes, and m link bcIo« the eliiKhei as |>o»ible; all 
thi- fiuf-ing And liling but lends !(■ Ihin and weaken llic wall by cul- 
ling ihc filwrt of ihe lotil. The tinilt should hir enuntci-itunk inlnthp 
eJioe, V} ihdl tlicrp will Iw iu> rli.-nKx Ici the cliiluhes !■> rite. No 
horse intcrfrm will) the lirel or tiie; it ii always the side of the toot. 
The haliil of lufninx the Iniide of ihe shoe under cuuscx a otimber ol 
homcii to luicrlcrc thai would noi if ihcy were thod sttitl(thi in the 
inside. Spicnd Ihe heels aa wide «* pwnkiljlr; fei the aul«id« BlilUa 
under; keep tbe luea full. I'or rliikJiitc horses, raise the heeU high, 
cut (he toes »hort- For speedy euts, place your (oe eorks a quarter 
of nn inch to the inside of the lenter of your shoe; keep Ihe heeli 
wide apan. For eornii. put on n shoe withnprnnK, for Ihe maXni 
riro, BO M to cover (he cntitc (ron; pxrc the wnll |i>wcc thim the fiojf.I 
(o thill his eniire weiKhl will lie thrown on tho ("in. Have ihe inner 
cork nut quite so slurp it-t the outer one, so that if he sieps upon the 
«ibcr foot it will not cul ii; make the shoes ili light as poisihie cnn- 
nstcnt wlih good serrlec, m they are ordinarily made Just about one> 
third too heiivy." 

Horse*— how to judge tbcm. — H the color be light sorret, i 
chestnut, his fi^ei. Icj^s, and face while, these me marks of klnilnc 

If he is broad nni) full bdwem the eyes, he may bedcpended u[>on ' 
iu* \ hi<f>*e of KiHxJ hrrihe. itfid <upit]j|c nf bt^tnjt ir~.iined 1<> Hny thing. 

As mpct-'is such li»ise«, the more kindly you trcal them the beiiei 
you will be Ifeated in rclum. Nor will s homo of th» description 
sund a whip, if well fed. 

If yuu want a safe horse, avoid one I hat U dkh-fnccd. He may bn 
Bi) Hi KeQlle sa not to scare; but he will have too much s°-ahead in 
him to be sa'c willi cverybudy. 

If Tou want u fool, but a horse of g^rcat bollom. gci a deep bay, 
with not a while hair about him. If hli face is n little ilished. S' 
much the worse. Ixi no man ride lucli a hone that is not an adoli 
n riding — llwy are alway* trirky and uiisiif«. 

If you wiioi one thai will sever give out, never buy a large, ovct- 
grown one. 

A hinck hone cannot Mnnil hent. nor a white one cold. 

If you want a gcnilc horse, get one vrlih tn6rs or len white about 
Ilielimil; ihe mote the lietter. Many people suppose <he porti-eol- 
iired lior>csbelon|;iii)C to ihe circuses, shows, etc., ore selected for 
their oddity. But the selections Ihus made arc on account ol thric 
great docilily nnd ((cnlleiicjis. 

Horses' Hoof— do not burn. — Nevw have a rcd-hol shoe put on 
the fool ol a h'>T>>e In buni il lewl. If you can find a blacksmlih 
who is mechiinic cnoujth lo level the foot without red-hot iiuii. em- 
pioy h;in. The burning process deadens the hoof and lends to (on, 
tract it. If }'ou do not lirlicic It. try a red-hot poker on your uail, 
and *ec il it doc» not ettcct the giowih. 



914 



in/A T F.VF.KY OyS SHOULD KNOW. 



Honea' Broken Leu*— to cure.— Inmcad nf *uinin«fl1y aliooiinje 
ihc hcirit. in ilic k't"<>^'' "unit>cr o) frotiurrs li H only nci-rsMry lo 

panially !<lir(; the honcr by mean!! 'A t\ liroid inVcc of soil, at oibcr 
uroiiH cUilh [ilaced undrr (he nnimal's belly, fuininhnl wllli iwo 
tj(cc<'ltiii|i;i- Aitl iwu lirc-Att fjlnhs. anil liy mctins of ropm nnd pullrys 
nituijlicrl I'l 11 tt'f-% linim nbi>vc, he U cIcA'tucri. or InwrrciV 3ii may 
be tvquirctl Ky llic HiJi>|<iii'ii iif ililii pUii every fiicilliy is allowed 
lof (lie n.tisfnclury trentmvnt of fcaCIurcB. 

Hone Slabl«s-'Cold «ir in. — [lortnuc quite icnsliivc lu chlll- 
IriK (l(tiii|{liiA r>( Hir blnwing upon them, and Mpeclnlly ujxin ilirir 
hruds: liernt. in llie inintfuclion o(iitiibic» t!il« sliouM lie borne io 
mind. Muny 9(n tiles hate llic hunts face on •llry. ulniiK the Md« 
of u'hkh are doori, ur a laiRe ^|1a^e is left cniiicty open; in »uch 
CBscn, vlicncvcr ihe rcur stable door Hn<l the one leading out at ilic 
alley ate opni, llie liome* xanil m a chiUin^draughi, from which 
ihcy miiiitit CHCu|ie. Himei. like innny people, can Rifind muili 
wind in an u[icn ficM. but will cutrh void while in ». drauchi only u 
■hori time. 

HoMCs' Hoof* (Cracks in;— to cure. — Ctackt in the tiooft of 
horses iiiMy ftuini-ilmc be cured by i^ulliog ocroM ihem with a ebisol 
abOTc, or beluw, »i the cnitc inny be. The «ideii may lie hcM cloier 
log«lher with an irori in llic form of a slilch or clinch. White beal^ 
itlH do not use Ihc horse. 

HotKex' Hc«d>' do not check— Wc desire lo tcRlder hd earnrst 
ptolot *K'>'n^t thU bnrliuiiiui appendage lo hor«et hamcM. it re- 
tards the horM''s |>r»K'eM in every poiitiiMi, both while be it hi vnrk, 
and while iravelinit on ft jouniey. 1c is both useless and cruel in 
every «eaie of the word, without any compensating ouolitia to 
recoRimend li. Mr. Anttell of the " Bosdin Society for the Prcreii* 
lioBofCmelly to AnimoU." who hat ttnTclcd over a ^reat part of 
Europe in Ihc inirreslt of huinunlty t<i our dumb servaols, says that 
Ihe use of the check irin is conlined to Atnerica alone, bein); de- 
servedly discarded everywhere, both in England and on the Con- 
linent. To check rem a horse, is enuiv.ileni to inissJng a man's 
hr«d bnckwnrd toward hli back or heels, and compclllnit him, while 
bound in Ibis iinsilion. to do duty wiih a limited whi-rllKirrow, 

Horses on the load— how to fetd.— Muny persun!!, in Irnveling, 
teed (heir horMs loo murb, and I'm often, cnlinually stuffing Ihem, 
nd nut iilli.wing them to icji and digest their food ; of eourae they 
suffer fti^m ovcr-fullne>t. and carrying unncceuary weight. Horncs 
(liould be well fed in the cii-ning. and niu>t not he dtulted loo full in 
Ihe morninc, and ihc irnvelinjc »tii>uld lie mudcrato on B(urilii|r when 
the horse bas a full stomach. If a horse stari* in )[0od condition, he 
can (tolwcoty or twenty-five miics without (ceding. The provender 
required by hursct while itaveling or engaged In ordinary fiirm 
wiiik. per day, may bo *inicd thus : Hay iwcniy pound*, outs lhr«e 
gallons, nilef l'>ii' ksIIimis. 

HgfBC*— Uats oo Jco<Ubc.--Co4ii ■» ui cutcelknl feed for hortei 



WHAT EVERY OXE SttOULD KNOW. 



BI| 



to work on: perhaps not *■> good for (ui ilrivinx. llonof are more 
quid and irKtabk on rem ihui with iiny i>lhcr vtaxa, and will do 
more bnnl pullinc with Ivsk In»s in cunditinn. 0>u make a liomc 
ipriglilly and anirc; corn may moke a, hone dull and i.ti>w. but 
strong. Tor colls, wheal bian shoiild be mixed nlili (he (orn: it will 
be lighter and Ime hentiiif[. I'eeil horsoi nccofdliiE I» Iheit Oj-e and 
Ihc irork requited ol them. Full (eed nnd little work diionjcr* Uie 
digestive <ir^;iins. Select only such hay ui i« of the beic quality,! 
Poor hay ii deat ai any price, as there ii no proper nouriibmcni 
In li- 

Horal»— bow to iudEcwhcn buying;.— 1. Never take the seller's 
word. If didptised lotic (air. he may bare beeri tlie dupe of Another, 
and will deciere you through misrepreBcnlaiions which cannot be ra- 
iled upon. 

1. Never iruic a har*c'ii mouth a* n ture Index of his tLfp. 

J. Never buy a hor»e while In motion; waldi hlra while he stands 
at rest and you will diocuver hi« weak points. If toiuid, he will stand 



(irmly and iquarcly on his timliit without moving any o( them, (eet 

riantcd flat upon the ground, uiih IciCi piump and naturally pultcd. 
f one foot l» thrown forward with the toe pomiing to the gn>und»nil 



the heel raised, or if ihc loot Ih lifted from the ground and the weight 
taken from it, diacMC of tUc nnvicular bone may be tiuipccied. or at 
least lendernera. which is u precursor of diiiease. If the fool loihrowa 
out, the toe nuved, and the heel brought down, the horse hasauflercAj 
(rotit lamnlilK, founder, or the boek sinews hdve been sprained, and' 
he 'w ut little future value. When the feet are all driiirn lo^eiher 
beneath the hone, it there huH been no ditease (here it a mitplace- 
locnt of the limb at least, and weak dispouiion of the muscles. If 
the hone standi with his (cct spreaid npun. oi straddles with hi* hind 
IcgH, there is weokncM of the loins, nnd (he kidnryt me disordered. 
Whm (ho knees arc bc-ni, nnd loticr and tremble, the bca^t has been] 
mined by heavy pulling, and will never be right again, nhatever red 
and trealmcat he may have. Contracted or ilt-(oraicd hood speak 
for themselves. 

4. Never buy a hone with a bluish or milky coat in his eyoa. 
They indicate a constitutional tendency ti> ophthalmia, moon blind- 
ness, etc. 

;, Never have anyihlnft lu do with a horse who kee|ts his can 
thrown boekword. This is an inrariable indication of bod temper. 

6. If a horse's hind leg* are scarred, the (act denotes that he ■» a 
kicker, 

7. U (he knees nre blemished, the horse Is apt to immble. 

B, When the skin Is rough and harsh, and does not move easily 
Uid wiKiDthly to the touch, the horse Is a heavy e^tei. and digestion 
bbad. 

f, Avoid ahonie whone tespirntory organs are at all impaired. If 
the ear Is placed to the heart und a wheeling sound is heard, it Is wn 
IniUcation of trouble. 



8I« 



VlfA T EVERY O.VE SlIQVl.D KNOW. 



Horse> — to tell the ae« tA, — Every hunc has lix (cplli nbuve and 
below. Birfurc llirco ymrHold ht^ Bhctis hismiddic (ccih^ ut three he 
•hcdione more on mch tXAcoi ihc ccnitiit iccib; at (out heshcdilhe 
Iwo rorner nnd Insl of the (our te«lh. 

Hrlwrrn four and live the hotfc cuu ihr uiiilcr lutiks: nl five wilt 
tut hiH upjK-r tuhks, at nliicli time hiH moitth n-ill l>e o>in|>lci«. 

At six )ciir« ilic >!i<ii>vos *nd hollnwa lic^in lo lilt up a little; at 
Rcven the grooves will be wtll iU((h filled up, cxtepl the corner ledh, 
leaving liitle brown spots where the dark liroim hollow* formerly 
were. 

At cighl the whole o( the hollows and srouves arc filled up. 

At nine iliero in very oden seen a soiaJl bill lo the outside comer 
teelh: the point of the tusk U worn off, and the pan thai nu con- 
cave bcft>ns In fill up and become rounding; the square* of ilic tta- 
trHl irrlh bc|;In t» iliuppcar. and the fumt leave Ihetn »iiiiill and 
nurru* m (he top, 

Hor»e»~to prevent from jumping,— Paai a Kood ttoui nrclngle 
Around his body; put on his halter, nnd have inc hallct-strap long 
enough ii> go (ram his head, tn-'iwecn hi* fore leu*, (hen through (he 
aurdngic and bncb to one of hi* hind leg*- Procure a thill Hlrnp, 
and buckle Around the le|{ helireen the fo'il nnd joint; fiisicn the bal 
tcr-stmp in this — *hortet or longer, aj the olHiinncgr of (he ciisc may 
require. It is also useful to keep colls from running where there I* 
likely In tie danger from the result; If the Ihitl utrap thuuld cau*e ntir 
•orencM on the left. It may \x wound with a woolen cloth, and ft 
would be ncit to chanKc it from one leg lo another uccasiimally. 

Horaea— to pr«*etit kiclcluK in th« Btall.— Fasten a shun (race' 
chain dlx'ui two («t long, by a strap to cnch hind foot. .\ better way 
is Xii ha\'c the stalls mide wide enough so ih^t the horse can turn In 
them easily. C1o*c ihcm wlih a door or bar*, and turn the animal 
loose. After » while he will forget the hubil, and atand tied without 
further trouble . 

H»r*e Uaiugement^hinta on. — Young man, I aee you are about 
to t^i^e a drive uiis morning, and will offer you some advice. Your 
bone is reMive ar.d wont* lo be off before yim ate rviuly ; you may 
A* well break him of thi* now m at any time, and hereu(ter you will 
find It has been a half hour well spent. Just fpve me the reins, while 
you pui rnur foot on the step, as idogct Jo; the horse makes a move 
l» gu; 1 tighten the rein* and say " whoa." K»w put your fool nn 
the flcp ngain; the horse make* another move; I hold the reins nnd 
speak li> him Hi;»in. The hone it getliuK excited, Pat him » little 
on the neck, and talk to hio) soothinjily. I'ut your foot on the step 
afaJn, and repeat the process until the horse will stand sttU for you 
to tiet in. and adjust yourself in your seal, and tell him lo go. A few 
auch lessons trill train him so that he will always wait for the order 
before starling. Now. a* your horse hoa JuM been fed. drive him at 
a gentle pace tor the first two or three miles, until he warms up, and 
bl* body becomes lightei. But, before you ■tart, let me shoir ysu 



WHAT RVEKY OMP. SltOVLD JC.VQW. 



917 



hairto holil the icinx. Take ihcm in the let! band, have Ihcm «( 
•qual Icngih from the bli, and croM ««ch other in your hand, ihe ofE 
aide line leiiing on ihc [oorih linget, Ihc back ol the harni upwnuls. 
Now. in i^iiitiiic the hiir»c, you have only to uMe tbe vtxii-i ynnl, 
which urill (iirccl him cilhcr ri)cl>l or lefi. »it you wi^h, Ketji yout 
hand sIcaJy. with a f^entle pmiutc on the bit — no jerking or swiich- 
Intc at ihe reins. If more sp^cil is wanted, lake the whip In your riehl 
hAnd. (o be genlly lUcd (or ihjil jiiirpfitc; be careful not to apply It 
harder than is ncrcMaty lo lniiij{ him up i'> lh« required swcl, 

Spcuk tQ him su'tlhini;!)'. and inlimale in the morit i^edllc muniier 
what j-ou want hitn to do, and he will try to do it. So ntible an 
animnl nhould noi be handled roughly nor overdriven. 

When y<>n rrluin have Ihc harnetii removed at once, and the horso 
rubbed down with a wisp of Wraw or liay. Give him a bile at tciaw 
«r hay. and let him tool off before beinn walcieil ot ted. Every one 
who handle* a horicor hnianylhtn;gli)do with one, should in the lirat 
place culllvalehii ai:<juainiance; let him know Ihat you arc his friend, 
and prove it lo him by your kind trcnlmem; he needs this lo inxpltc 
cunndenrc. and whrn th.ti 1h gained, he i« your humble servant. 

[f your horve Kcts frightened at any uTin«uiiI sixht ornoUe. do not 
whip him. for if you do he will ronncct Ihe whipping wilh the nbjccl 
Ihal aUrmeil him, and be nfmld of It ever a(li:t. 11 he merely ^hicB 
*l an objrcl. Kivc him lime In cx;iniinc it, wbifh. wilh Home rncuur. 
■UEinc word)! (lom ibe driver, wilt (lentuade liitii In plus it. Vou get 
fridhtencd, too, somcliniei, and would nol like to be whipped for il. 

Horaes (Rearing)— to Slop.— A (orrctpondeni cored ahorsirof the 
bnil hAn\ ol renrinic when mnunlcd by providing hlmMlf wilh a bot- 
tle i>( wsler. and da«hiii); Ihc conlcntH " with violence on il» bead" 
Ihe moment it began lo (jet up on its hind (eel. A second applica- 
tion was never needed. 

Morie Remedies. — White lead, for bruises anil breaks In the f>kin. 
snJdIf kjIIh. ele. : haihiiij; wbinky, with about two ounces of tui[icn- 
line. two ouncei of hartshorn and a lillle camphor fur sprains. MiS- 
nes5. cii;. I.eaf lard for cuu. Coal oil applied to a slight sprain Ji 
also Kood. 

Horieradiah— to keep for winter.— I. Take up ticfoce fro»i sets 
In, rooM of horMcriidish. shiikc llie diet from them; bury them in a 
IxijE of uvl sand. This will pteBcrve their full flavor. 

a. If horicradish be prep.iied in the fall as follows, it may he kept 
all win'et: To each r.iflrccuptul ol horseradish allow one tcaspouiiful 
of salt, one ubirkpi'oiiful ol ivhiii^ sugar, and a pint and a h*lt of 
KO'id viiicictir: buttle and seal. 

HorS'O — to tMn«.— Take flnely gruled lior»c eiutor. oil* of rho- 
dium and cumin: keep them in sepataie bouIc« well corked; put 
some of the oil o( cumin on your hand, and approach the hbrse on 
Ihc H'lndy »ide. He will then move toward you. Then nib s<>nie of 
the euniiii on his Ti'ive. |;ive him a little of the castor on anylhint; he 
Uk», uid gel eight or ten drops oil of rhodjtun on hit tongue. You 



3lS 



tVf/A T E VEK Y OA'E S/fO VLD KNO W. 



can iben get him to do anything you like. Be litniiJ and aiccRtSve 10 
the anininl. nn<l your conirni In cnuin. 

Horses — ^Iofe«<L — It i« tirsl to give m honr water before giving 
oaiH. The wilier Ktays in the iiomBch a very »hi>ri lime, but i* <|uick- 
ly abiorbcd or paiacil Intti the bowels, where it Ih nlMorbctl jinil koc-i 
Into ihc blood. The horte Mrrrieo a very laf^r qiiniitliy — mon- ih^in 
four (luaru — of t*liva whil<r ciilinic a meal, w)iich is kufficianl Iot«. 
ducc Ihc food to a pul|' suiiabie for Its cliKf^siton. So Ihai to |;ive 
wNter soon after cbIiiik, except in very Mnall quantity, would b« opt 
lo <ai»e indlKcation and waite of the food by cxcoilce dilution. 

Hose (wool«n)— to wub— WooWn hodc «hauld be *nakeil all 
nicbt and wakhcd in hot suds with beef's kbII. a lable»)inDnful to halt 
a puil of wairr. Iron on the wrung side. 

Hot-beds— to vftke. — There is no mjfsiery about a hot-bed, jrcl 
farmcri und m.iny others do withuut thin cuDvenlcDce flom some 
»ii[>jii»ieil diHIi'iiliy in nuking and cAriRe for it. Satbes, alctr boardf 
Hiid si'ine li'>r>e mniiurc are llic niu<i.-iii>l« ier|uircd. RvguUr hot-bed 
saslies ate three by sis ti;ei. and may be I ouijhi ready gUied at the 
sa»h Bad lilind tofiuries: old window nathei wilt aniwcr a* a make- 
thlfl. hut are (nr Iciut ronv-rnicat. Select a place thellercdby a Imild- 
IrK or fence from cold windit: diK a pit iwo aihI a half feci deep, aa 
wide aa the saabes arc lon(;. and as Iook a* the number of sushe^ lo 
b« u«ed require. Lliie this pit with rough boards nailed to post* 
driren down at the comen. The renr board should extend a foot 
above the Mirlitcc, and ihe from one four Incha above. The front or 
lower side »hould (ace the iouih. Kail irtrlpt from front to reftr for 
the sashes lu slide upon. 

Honsfr-C leaning Hints. — As anything that can leMcn the labor of 
nhoinc.--kiT|icf it ili-tirablc. I venture lo coniribmc niy mile. Save 
the ic-j Irt'vi'k fi.[ a few diiy*. then itcepthcm in a lin pdll or pan for 
hnlf ;t'\ li'>iir. •imlii lhrouK>> » «>eTr. and use the tea lo wa»h all var- 
nished puim. It requires very little rubbing or " elbow polish." aa 
the tea acLi B« n strong lieicrReni. c*eansing the paint from i» un- 
purlliet, nnd making Ihe vainlth sbinc equnl lo new. It ticaxiaes 
wiiidiiw ■iihlirii mid oil rlr>lhs; Indeed, any carnithed Kirface Is Im- 
proved by its iii^i'Ue Aiii.n It uuHhrs windniv-p^inM aixl mirron 
much bellrr lh;in \-y.\\i aiwl wulcr. it is excellent for cIcanBing hl.-ick 
walnut pklure an^J Ir.pi>liin);-Hltt5i frames. It will not do to wash Un- 
vainUhcd paint uiih li. Whiiing is unequated (or cleansing while 
painl. Take a Mnall tmantityon a damp (tanncL, rub liKhlliT over 
Ihe surface, and vou will be surprited at it« cflctts. W.iJl papers are 
readily cleansed by tying a soft cloth over a bitioni, and sweeping 
down the walls urefully. Thcduitnod ashe* o( furnaces and moves 
are depoilted in every crack and crevice cf our rooms, and requires 
vigiUnI and active treatment t.^r Ihrir tpmoval. Carpels ahw>rh 
greni quantities of ihem. All «hu nin aJTord it will find il a gieHC 
improvement to use straw matting ioRumraer, and In autumn cover 
tbem with carpel linings, or even commoii nempapen, then put 



^UAT KVE/iV ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



319 



down tbe carp«U over them. CleuiBini; silver is nM »ii cnsy Usk; 
Ihe a»c of kerosene will frnally facUitaie the openiiion. Wei a fl«n« 
ncl cinth In oil. <lip In df]- whiilnj;. and Ihotoughtf lub (he plnted at 
fiUvcrwnre: throw it in[a n AXiix of ocaldinit (onp^aiU, wipe with Aj 
»nfl fliiTinci, u><l |»>l>ih with a rhnm<ii» »|[in. Your allvet or P'*''*] 
will loDk equal lu ihut rxhiMicil in a jcwclrr's window, and will rc^ 
tain ii» brilliancy for siJt mnnihi, if once a weet, when washed, it li 
poluhcd with achamuii skin. Ilrightiilver Bddi much Co the beaucv 
of a I&ble, Kod Ih ciullj- Btialiieil by th)> mclhud. Some may (binlc ItJ 
will injure the pbtc. I have iiird it iiiring and fall i«t five ycara,j 
and neither plnird an ic let 0[ silver sunliiin itny injury. Tlioso wbol 
ujebfiUiaand irons will lind it equally effiracifus in trstoring thdr. ] 
briKhlncNi. Old leather bcdi and piltowi are Kccatly iitiptoved by 
putilnic iheni iiii a clean grius plot during a heavy nhoweri let Ihe 
beds become thoroughly welled, turnini; thrm on boih tiltlo. Let 
Ihetn lie out till thoroughly dry, llieii l>e;il tbi'iTi with r<Kl*: IhiH wtll 
ll^htcD up the feathers and make them much mf>re hr«1lhful id sjecp 
upon. It rcrniive^duBi and rejuvcnat" the feathers. 

Hotisehold Helps. — The use of n mop in w;i*hin|i dlshct will be 
found a saving of the hai)d«, and holler water may tw used. Ytui 
need scarcely l<:iucti tho water rxvepl at Ihe Imt In waah Ihe tabic andg 
pans. Have a pan of clear hot water, in whieh <lij> each dish as It i% 
vraihed; In another pan or shallow tin put a cup or bowl, and over 
that (urn the »nucers. p1aie>. etc.. tn drain, and by ibc time you arc 
ri-iuly they will be neaily dry. nt^cdinjc only a touch from ihe tnwel. a 
Kuvjng both of (Imc and lowclti. 

For HaihinR vejtetableii. procure Irotn a five-cent store a sotall 
icrulibinK -brush, which they call a nail-bru>h. You will find li agrcat 
help in removini: the dirt from potaio-cj'ci. etc. 

A holder is a neceiaaty article, and (atchct much dirt about tho 
Htore. Make them of any old pieces of woolen. Then make a covei 
of come durk material. Cut a piece fifteen inchei Iont( and n\ inchea 
wide, fold over six Inche*. And utm tn form of bog, sew Ihe end of the 
remalnlnK threes IrKhi-s together, to make n point, fold thai ovc^r and 
bulinn to (he baK. add a loop at the corner, and put In yc^ur holder. 
When the cover is soiled it can easily be removed and waahed. 

When you sweep a room, lake down all little articles, as bradDSt*, 
vtucs. caseU, etc., dust earcfully. lay them on the table and cover 
with acloih. When the tvccplng is done nni^the t.trgeartietes dilated. 
ynii will be relieve.1 to have lhc»r ready ti> return to their places. 

When linishinK and cumbiiiK your liair, have a large newspaper 
spread on Ihe 6oor. Loose hair is much easier removed Iron) that 
than the carpel. 

To clean hnil-l>ni*hc-ii tiprlnktc (hem well with powdered bor»x, lei 
them lie hidl an hour, then wash and rub thuroUKlily. It is a good 
plan to clean two, as they clean beller br rubbing Two together. 

The perfect housewife has a Ihorougn knowledge of fflanv Ijiilc 
(acu which render her home an ciceptlonally plea*an( one. Without 



>30 



IVI/AT RyERY OXE SHOULD KNOW. 



thi« knowlcilKc tliv id a (lomcHlk failure. Of wli^I Iicneril tn tici nrv 
costly Ihiiif"! if »hc doc« not know hon lo take care of ihcm? She 
may 1:>c the licil of coolu. And know how lo make twenty diflprcni 
omelcUi. nnd if the is not ocqualntcil wtlh the l.itt ihal a Utile siAl 
rubbcil on thr •Jtici'lorril cgCK-dpOUn will [CKlorc il« i.ilvcr liiil.tihc liiii] 
brtlcT iiul Bvrrc tiagi \a any tjiaiie; iiiid if they that h;u] the care of 
her youlh never let her see that hot water look peach siains out of 
the tiiblcclolh. or that port and claret stains were tenilereil null liy an 
immcilUlc handlul of unit, wcl with therty, ahi^ miKht aj> ncti buy 
tpiif ami |)»rli-ciiliiie<1 dftiiiiisk lo liCKi'i nilb. U an ink ?.|>ot dis. 
Aiium the t'artur carpet, she shtiutd know how lu wash it out with 
miik. and clean up afterward with warm and nice »oap*ucl^; or per- 
haps it in a greaie ipoi, that could have been nbtoritcd ciul of cxltl- 
ence by frequent applicallon* of niaKnr>'in or iif bu<kwhea[ Hour. II 
•he lixd •>nly knnwn riiou)!'' '" M"'i"k1e ii ubundanlly un Ihe »|iu|, 
and brush li off aFierwnrtL Do flies colleci in the dinmg-ruom dur^ 
inK dinner ? She can drive them away hy leaving in ihc room : 
hotir Of «i beforehand a liltlc prepatatlon of cijual quantlltct of cream ' 
and brown vtiKJir. and hall im much black pepper, Ol whiit iihc 1» it 
to her, livinj; possibly far from bukcries and breud shops, lu keep 
cncken. (or instance. In the houxe. If she hat never learned how to 
Ifeshen them by leavhiK them for Ihrre minutes \n a hoi oven, or lo 
prevent them lieinK niblird all over by ants by sttewinu tlic »iorc- 
Ttiom ihelveswith a few cicives. occasionally rnnewcd ? Such ihinics 
are itifles. each one by iticlf, of eoursc, but half a hundred *u'.h 
thinf(S can conlnbule very maferiaily lo comforl and good nature in 
B family, ami every houhcmislrcM hhoulil be a collcctoi of llKte un- 
Gonsidf^rcd IriMes. 

House Painting — direction);. — Pkiminc. — Apply aa thick as the 

iiaint will spread easily. rubbinR out well with the brush. U»e 
tihai{(e as n dryer. After sandpapering and dusting, putty up all the 
Hidit headn and cracks with a putty-knife. 

OuTSiPR Slcomj Coat. — Mix your paint with raw oil. uting it M 
thick as possible conslslenl with easy spreading. Alter i[ i* applied, 
cross-smooth the work until it is level and even, then finiUi length- 
wise with long llghl xweeps of the brush. 

Oi-rMTiK TlItHi) Coat. — Make a little thinner than ihc htsi, rub out 
well. crosB-smoolh and fij^ish very lightly with the tip of the bru»h, 

NsibE Stco.M) Cotv. — Mix your jiaint as thick as yuu can work 
it, using equal pans of raw oil and turpentine, rub this out well and 
carefully wilh the brui-h. c ions -smooth and finish even and nice. 

iNsinK TiiiKT> Co,\r. — Min wiih ihice pnii« lurpi^nilne and one 
puit of TAW oil. rub oul well and snioolh off wilh great c»rc, 

F'naTil CoAl, FljMTi.xii. — Mix with turpentine nlone Ihin enough 
lo admii of spreading before it sets. Apply quickly without cross. 
smoothing, and finish lenglhwite wilh tight touches of the tip of ihe 
biii'?h, losing n« lime, as it «ela i^ipidly. 

Dkawm FuirilNO. — Ground wluic Icud is mixed with luiimciliiiii 



WffA T R VER V OXE S//0 VLD A^VO W. 4M 

■1m"vt u ihin il» Ihc Imi iiamcil mlxiure. Tbe kAd will KMn KUle 
and the oil and [urpcnlin« me ici Itw top; pour It oil, and repeal Ihc 
mixlurc nnvil whal rincs (o ihc lop U dear lutptnlint. The oil litiii* 
all wilhiliawn by thin pToccnii. ihc Icnit U mixed with turpcniine. and 
applied Ihitkly »nil evenly willi Kreai care. This is used as a lou 
coal, and the room cnuKt be kept shut and free (rom draught, as i 
color sets as fast as it "put on. 

Plastekkii Walui. — Give them n eoal of ^ue »iio be(i>rc painting 
in oil. 

Killing SsiinKv Wai.i^s or Ckiungi^ — Wash over the smoky or 

eeasy wallv with nitre, soda, or thin lime whitewnxh — the lufit la the 
SI. 

House Plants — core of. — With the Improvements in the heating ^ 
ol liuuM->. ilie cutiute nl [ituiits In out dwcllInRS has grealiy ditnin* 
islicd. >l'i*l iXTM.ins tail rciollerl plunl* that have been cullivaled 
from year to year so long that they seemed to he mcmlirrs of the 
(amilj. Grand oM lemon tree*, fine specimens ol laurcsiinus imd 
piltosporum arc now rarely seen in house cultuic, and the ivy. capa- 
ble of such vitril iirnamental uses. Is bcciiminK uncommon. When 
our dwcUinRH wcr« healed byopm wood fiicti.thechicf rare necilejhy 
tbe plants was to protect them (torn the cold. At pre«eiit thin is the 
least t^ our troubles, but others hove come in ils place. Still, evea; 
under all prcteni iliMulvnnia;;cs. plants may I jc^ successfully culiirated 
in the windows of the dwrlUnic, il a lew ximple directions arc (oU 
towed. One great enemy lu house plants is dust. 

If there are plant shelved at the windows, or the pots are placed 
upon a Ifllilc or stand, contrive some cover for Ihcm at sweeping 
time. This may be. f<>r plaiii» on t.heives, a curtain of some light , 
material — the li|[hicT ihe better — to be suspended in su<h a mHnnor | 
SiS to cover them. If the plant* are on a table, contrive an upright 
post or Slick 10 be set in a hole in the middle of the talilc. 10 hold U]! 
the center of a spread of some kind that will cover the plantf^. In the 
absence of such proiecliun. conirtve some method of using old news- 
papers, lieforc swerpinK. prolccl the plants by the use o( a covering, 
and let this lemujn over Ihem until the dust has completely settled. 

All smooth-leaved plants, especially try, camellias, cape jessamiie, 
and the like, should have then Icavn washed with a tioft sponKC — K 
rag will answer— on bmh hi<lr«. with lepM water, at least once a 
week. lfIhisiKoiireitiiMl.it will he found much less trouble than 
one would suppose, and the increased bea,uty of the foliage will lead 
10 lis rcpclition. Rough-leaved plants, such as ncranlumt, and 
many <ithcrs, cannot be washed 10 advaota^. Set these in a bstb 
nib or in a ftlnk. and give their leavrs a fiood drenching by using ■ 
garden syringe it one n nl hand, or else a waIerinij;-poi. one with nnc 
noles, holding it up high so that the water will fall with force upoal 
the leaves. \ 

If one jUnns insect* to gd (he mastery, the case is diHicuh: but ifJ 
(he pluiis as soon m brought indoon luv« proper attention, iaMCH f 



U9 



H^ffA T B VER V OXB SHOULD Ki-fO W. 



imd tclre but liillc troutile. The three grcAl rc-mnllct (nr tn«c-ctt 
Upon hou«e plains aic llie Anncr*. tobacro. niul water. One ohn 
love* plant! and WAlchn Ihcni. will n<ile the (intl kpiiciiritntc of stale, 
nicAly>bu((. or othrr insirct luri^e enough (■> tic rcudily bffh. and le- 
oiove il. Scale may be readily tetnoved byablunl knife, and mealy- 
bug may be picked oH by a mulch whin led to n point. Keep H supply 
of iiibami'Waier mndc by pourinx lH<illiiK wiirr upon tobuccn-Meois 
or any cheap kind <>( tobacco. Whrn used, Ihis is lo be diluted, as 
the nile ^e*. " to the color of bu.inliiig-houi* tea." Diluted in ihlii 
manner it may be showered upon plonii infeiicd with pUnt Ike. 
Preferably, li may be placed in n kcK or luh. and the plnnis iiifnicd 
with intrectH dippcil in it it>t a few aeconde. m<>vinK iheni |[cnily 
■bout. The musl trfiublesomc of all Inwcu in dry rooms it the red 
Kpider. a minute mite which attacks the undernae» of ihc leaves. 
When the leaves of a plant turn brown, red spider b the probable 
cause, A frciiuent application of naier is ihc remedy, In this caae, 
lay ihe puis on (hcit aides »i> that Ihc waler will reach Ihe under »ur- 
(uce of the leavi^s. 

If a plant Is not in tiourishing condition, the common remedy f» 
water, and it is watered again and continuously until the toll in the 
p«[ i» merely mud. in which only (hr rnuit of aquatic plants cun lire. 
Vastly more house plants are injured by i<i» much than by loo liiile ' 
water. There is but one rule for ^ivinK water to house plants, that 
is~giTc water when it is needed. There should be no indiscriminate 
daily waieriii|[. drcnchint; all alike, li Is far bciicr for a plant to 
occasianally kcI a lillle dty. and fnt ii« leaves to Ask and droop, than 
to keep ita routs soaked by an excess of water. The toil in the pot* 
of bouse plants should be moist, like thai of good garden soil just be- 
low Ihc surloce. If In ihis condition, no more water is needed. One 
by observInK the soil, its color, and the manner in which il (eels 
when prrss(\l by iIit fmcet. can sOon learn to Judxe whether water it 
needed or not. 

Every one who cultivates house planis should learn to readily re- 
move the ball of earth from the pol, so that it can be Inspecicd. Ry 
CKposing [lie ba41. the larjee earth worms may often be seen upon its 
surface, and can be picked off. These as well a* smaller wiiims thai 
sometime* infest the soil, may be readily killed by the use of lime- 
waier. Slake a piece of time as l.irge as the list in a pail, and when 
staked, fill the pail with walcr. slli, and let it rest. Use the perfectly 
dear water upmi the soil in Ihe pota. 

By observing these precautions as to dust, insects, and watering, 
the window cultivation of plants will be comparatively easy. Not 
only (or the health ol the plants, but of that of the inmaies ol the 
dwelling. Uie ait. however heated, should be moistened liy piopcr pro- 
vision for ihe evaporation of waier. 

House plants ought lo be stimulated gently once or iwl(-e a week. 
RoliiwafM. so refreshing to summer Howets, always contains am- 
tfOOll^ wbjch Also abounds in all liquid manures. If I'ou lake aa 



WHAT EVkSY O^E SHOULD KNOW. 



933 



aunte of pulrerUed carbonate o( nmmonia, diMOlvcd in one tcallon 
of water, It witl cnnke ipTing wnicr even moie tiimulBtlng to your 
^Knu lh«ii [Kin wiiirr. If yuu wulcr your plmilD once iti (wo week* 
with KuUKi wikler (one lutilcspuuiilal lu a pail i>f water) ihey will 
gruw more ihridy. 

HouM— howtosct on fire.— i. Rubj-ourlumiiurewiih llntwednil, 
mill preserve cnrcfully the old K'ciuy riigt used (ur this purpoio, in ■ 
paper box in on uiit-of-llic-way ))lttce. 

1. K the file in the itove doe» not burn well, pour bcaijne i>r kcro- 
•ene on It from a wclUliUed gallon can. 

3. When you liKhi a <lK*r. or the ([«», throw the burning iniiich — 
no mailer ivlK-rc. iinil don't look after it even if it geu into the waste- 
paper basket. 

4. Put a burning candle on the chelf of a cIomi, and forget about 
U. 

5. Always trail iti bed nnlil yiiu fall ftsleep with a tl)£hl burning 
near yuu. 

6. Alwnv* buy the chcape»i keroiiene you can get. 
HydropDObU— ^littve cure (or.—The dried root of rtccnnipane, 

puUcnic it, and mcasufr out nine heJipinjt labl^poonfuls. and mix 
It with two or (luce leit»[)n'>nfuiii ■'■ pulveriied ^tn ambjc; then 
divide into nine equal portion*. When a person i.% bitten by > rabid 
Bniniiit. lake 00c of these portions and sleep U in one pint of new 
cnllk, urill! nriirly half the (|ui(ntity of miilt i' eva)ioraleii ; then Miain, 
and drink it in the niorninK. fa<lint; fur four ur five hours after. The 
•ame dose is to be rejicated three mornings in succession, then skip 
three, and so on, until the nine doses are toJiea, 

The patient mual avoid getting wet. or the heat of the nun. and ab- 
Hlain Iroin high-srMoncd diet, or hard cxercivc, iind. if co»iivc. take 
a dose of Knits. The tibovc i|uanlily is for an adult; children will 
lake less, accordinK t'l ace. 

Hydrophobia— cure lor. — The following Is aald 10 be a cure fur 
hydropholiia: Take two tables poonfuls of fmll chloride of lime, mix 
it with one-liaU pint of watei'. and with lliit wash keep the wound 
consl»nlty bulbed and froq uem I y renewed. The chloride gas pos- 
sesses the power of decomposing the tremendous poison, and ren- 
ders mild and hormlas the venom against whoic resistless sltark the 
anUlery of medical science hox been so long directed in vain. It ii 
ncccMary to add that this noch must be opplicd u» soon as piMsible 
after the inlliclion of the bite. 

Hjpophospbitea— compound ^rup oC— Dissolve tiro hundred 
and niiy-six grains each of hypopbosphitet of soda, lime and potasaa, 
and oac hundred and tweniy-iiix giaini hypophuphtie of iron. In 
twelve ounces wuier, by u water bath, filter anil add itifficient water 
10 make up tor the evaporation. Add eighteen ounces sugar by gen- 
tle heat, to make twenty-one fluid ounce* syrup. &ch Htiid ounce 
cvntalnt twelve grains each of the hypo phosphites of soda, time and 
poiuM, and six grain* hypopboaphite m Iron. 



534 



n'lrAT Ei'ERY oxE sitovu> K.vom 



Hysterics — treatment of. — Th<s rnmpUini U rnnfincd chiefly to 
(c[nkl«s, A fit 111 hyHlL-fits in Kmerally t)ir rtaull of vntu: ii;ilui-.J 
and immnlialir Lsustr. and urtlil itiis is discovered and rccni)v<sl. ih(* 
pnlicnt Kill nlway* be subjcti to ihc»c fit*. When a psraon is »eiiccl 
with A lit ihc il[e» ihnulU be looieneiJ. (reth air mlmitled. cold walct 
daihcd in Itic I«cc. and ^alta. at sin^icd tc.Mthi'(4 aj>|ilici] lo the n«*- 
Irils. If i'unBciuusnes« AiKt nix Ihen return, » dmuiclitof Bal-volntile 
and WBicr should be Riven, and if ihe paiieni be »li!l inicniiblc, (he 
(eraplei and the nape of the ntcl: iliould be rubbed with brandy. 
Wlien hytlcrlct can be (raced to impaired natural actiiin, rqual por- 
tions "I (>cnnyii(y»l und ivorniwoiid sii"Uld lie SleeiHnl in bulling 
walpr. iind suffered lu simmer by the tire until the virtue of the herb* 
is extrncted. tt should then be iilluived to cool, and half a pint be 
taken iirUc or lhri<^e n day. succeeded on each occnKinn by a cofn- 
pnuTid oisafnrllda pill, until (he dei^ircd relief is ."ilTorded. 

Hysteric*— Cor« for, — The lit may be preienled by tie lulmini*- 
lrHtii>ti of (hiny drops of Uiudiinuin. und as many of ether. When 
it hn.s taken pUce open the windows, loosen the light part* of the 
drcxi;. sprinkle cold water on the face. etc. A KlaHi of wine ut euld 
water when the puiient can twallow. Avoid cxcilemenl and tight 
lacing. 

Ice— to keep. — Ice for domestic use can be well kept, packed from 
the air in »aw(hist or feathers SmjiII cjuanltlics miiy be n-riipped in 
flatitiel. or put into » flannel jelly-luii;. so that the water can drain 
ofl, 

Ice-cask — for preserTins amall quantities of ice. — Take two 
ciuks. one six or seven inches longer and wi<Ier than the other; into 
the larKer <>f lhe«e put charcoal powder, three or lour iarhcs ileep: 
thru place Ihe smaller rjisk, filU'd with ice. on (biS, and fili np the 
hides between the two c.-islcs with ch^ircoal powder Tammed dawn 
lights uirangc a double cover nnd till Ihe interstice in the tame nay 
ns the sidrs. When [hia Is done, bore n hole one Inch in diameter 
through the bolloms r>( Ihc (wo cask», nnd insien a wooden peK lo let 
iill iiny water. Set Ihc catik uptin a stand, and ke«p il in a* cool a 
place as possible. ■ 

tee — to cut. — tee may be cut into small pieces, of any shape, 
merely by lappiriK into it (he point of a Ane needle. 

Ice — to matEe. — i. Get h iiuiintity of empty tiarrels or boxes during 
the toldi-sl (imc in the winter, and put a few inches of water in each; 
the evening when the cold is most intense is Ihe best lime to do ihis. 
Aflcr Ihe water is fioicn solid, fill up again: repeat the prcicess until 
the bairels are full of «olii] ice, then coll them into ymir cellar, cover 
iliriTi up Willi plenty of sawdust or straw, and your ice crtip is safely 
harvested. 

a, A large block of Ice has been tnode In the house itself, by mak- 
ing a frame of boards in (he center, nnd gradually hllinfi It up. so 
thai tbe water freezes »iilidly each nijthi. Addition* In height are 
made lo Ihc frame aa re<|utre(l, and (he «awdus( iti packed aronnd il. 



WUAT EfERY O.Va SHOULD KXOW. n% 

tn thix way a solid block or iCe. Kn (eel cacIi nay, wciKhine over 
Ihinjr torn, has be«D mail« during ihe winter by meunii of a huie 
(torn a pump. Such a block of ice wasics very liiilc in the tummo. 

J. Wh«n a supply ol wlLtI^^ cn.n bc! had with a little iaX\, ami where 
there isBuffidenl fM weiMhcr. un ice hnii»e can be readily Atled viiih 
• aolid maM of ice ut trilling etpciiie. AiraoKe a |ii|>e m> ihm the 
water can be thrown out over the floor of the ice house in [he form 
of a line apray. ai from ihc note of a walcrinppol. Thli will freeze 
as i( falls, iiuilr r.igiidly in I'ldU weather, and in a brief time a irhole 
house (iin lii^ thu« hlled with a •.ulid hum. 

Ice Chert— to mAlu. — A liox cunstrucied ai follow* will atiswer 
very well in lieu of an expensive ice-chcad Take iwo dry-good* 
liiiirk, one *ix inches tmnllcr In each direction than the other. Put 
one inside the other, and park the •t>HCc with M.me nnn-cnndurtintt 
malcrial. such a* wood, cotton -seed, pluninc-'nill shnvinics. charcoal, 
or cawduvi. Put *lat» ncroM the inside box near the top on which 
lo rest the Ice. and u>c a bag ot inwduK or nny olhcl non condutlin); 
mattre (or a lid. There thould be tnmc provli^lon for drainage from 
the hoUom of the b(>x. 

An ice box on a tiqbU scale for keeping milk cool through the 
iii|[hl for children ot invalids is caiily iraproviicd. Put the milk inici 
■ crock and over Ihr t"p set amxher ctoik enouRh smaller ihan the 
llrsi to sink into it an inch or two. Fill the upper crock with Ice, 
covet the lop with woolen cloths, and spread a blanket orer the 
whole. If more conrenient, the milk may be put Into a bottle orany 
*matl vc*>4el and tici in the ccork. 

Ice — to compute the quantity. — To compute the number of tons 
an ice-house will ccmtain. cjkuiaie ihe number of cubic feet in an 
icc-houne. and divide bv thirty-live; this (lives the numbcrot tons the 
ke-huuxc will contain ij it i* clonely packed. 

Ic« Creun. — Have lich, swert creain ami onc>halI ttound loaf 
tu^ar to ench quart of cteum or milk. If you caunol get cream, the 
besi imitation is lo Iwil a soft custard, six ck^s to a quart of milk icsK' 
well beat). Or another is made a* foUowt; noiloncquanof milk, and 
stir into It while boding one tablctpoonful o( arTOWniot. wel wilh roid 
milk; when fold Mir Into It the yolk o( one emj lo give il a rich color. 
Five minutes botlini' is cnoiiKh for either plan. Put the sugar in after 
they cool. Keep the same proportion (or any amount desired. Or 
thus. To six quarts milk add one-half pound Otwcgo cornstarch, first 
dlumlved. Put the starch In one quart of the milk; then mix loKcIhcr 
BOiJ simtner ft little (not boil), swec ten anil llav<<r lo your taste — ex. 
tellent. The juice of slrawbcrries or mspberries give a beuutiful 
color and flavor to ice cream; or about one-half ounce essence or ex- 
tract to one gallon, or to suite the losic. Have your Ice well broken 
— nne quarl aali to a bucket of Ice- At>out onc-hati hour's constant 
siirrinK, with iicc^iMioiial scrapin); down »ii<] beating together, will 
(recie il. 

Ice Cream (Chicago). — liitfa mot* soaked in warm water one 



■96 wuA r £y£xy o\-k should knoiv^. 

Iiour. knd riiiscd w«ll to rlcnnnc it of (nnil and a (eitain tofclgr tonte; 
then stcrp il in milk, kccpinK il juM at rhc |>f>mt oi lioiliriK or sitntnci- 
InK (cir otic hour, or until a rich yellow color is t['*'"^ lo ilip milk, 
without cream or eggs, (torn one In one and nnc-hall ounce \u a koU 
Ion oiiljr U nrceissry. anil this will do to ticcp Iwlic. Sweeten anil 
flavor like other creams. 

Ice Creani (Chocolate). — One i£«ieTous pint of nailk. one cupful \A 
•ugar. a icant hall cupful ol flour, iiro eggs, one quart of cream: 
make Itic (oundallon with (wo egx*- the xugof, flour, and one pint »f 
milki boil the milk, bent the vvx> anil tloui toiiethcr, and stir Ibia tnM 
Uie bojlinjc milk and cook lircniy minutes, otirring often. While tUl 
Is cooking scrape one square of chocolate, add tn-o tablespoonfulit ol 
tugAr, and one of bolllnic water. Stir llii* over the fire until it 
amoulh and k low v. then add lo the balling mixture. Set away i 
cool. When cold add another cup of (nii;ar and the quart of cream,] 
Frecie the same as other ice cream. Tlie fuundalion can be tiseiJ fotj 
Ice rtcnm of onv llnvot. 

Ice Cretun |Tm).— I^it half an ounce Ane orange flavored tiA in^ 
an earihenwiirr pot and pour cm it a pint of lioiling milk. Let it 
stand unili neatly cold, then pour il oil fine, and if decenary. (irBlii' 
to free it frum any pnrllclct of leaf. Put the licguor Into a laigi ttev- 
pKn. with cn<>ui{h lump tiugar to make it sweet. When it i» hot add 
to it a quarter i/( a pint of rifh cream and Ilir yolk* «( five egx*- SlJr 
over a slow fire until il becomes a thick cuMard, and then lake (rmnj 
the fire: «iir occasionally unlQ It !• cool, to prevent a iktn formfnn 
F(ec»c in the uaual manner. 

Iciiut— for cake.~lt it »aid thai If the»e directions for icing cakel 
aic followed, you will hnve an icii^g lh»t will neither crumble or J 
break off when the cake is cut. Take the whiles of six eggs. one-huU I 
pound ol suitac. mix well together: then set the mixture on the firai 
and stir it all the lime. At. soon at it begins to himmci Ukc il oil aixlj 
beat well till thick, then spread il over the cake. 

Intperial Cte«m Nectar.— i. Take one gallon water, loaf (UgBf^ 
lix poundii; tartaric acid, six ounces: gum arable, one ounce. 

a. Klnur. four tcupoonfuU; the while* of five egg*; tieal finelfl 
together; then add one-half pint of water: when the flrst part is bloodif 
warm, put in the second: boil three minutes, and it is done. I 

niftitioHi. — Three ubleipoonfuls of syrup to two-thirds of a clat* ] 
of water; add one third leii»poon(ut of carbonate of >oda, made fine; i 
slir welt, and drink »l your leisure. J 

lm|WTtant Rule».— I. A suitable place tor everything, and every* 
(king in its pUce. 

3. A proper time for everything, and everything done in Its liiitc. i 

3. A dlklincl name (or cvetyihinK, and everything called by iti \ 
name. 

4. A certain use for everything, and everything put lo its use. 
Indigestion—relief lor- — I have been troutilcd tor years with in- 

digeMion, lick headache, and constipation, and have been {realJjr.J 



Wf/Ar SfEXV 0A'£ SHOULD KNOW, 



ai? 



kelped by dropping all mncdif't and drinkinR * ci>fr('rcupful uf as 
wtrin water m can be dtnnk comfuruililx. the fjnt ihlnR un rising nn<l 
Jtut before Ktirini;. Hlu'nys on an empty slomitcli, li nlll cjtutc an 
unplcasanl (ccliiKul ftmt, hm prrncvcrc and vou mill he nurpriiicii m 
thebeocGl received. If (he kiijnci-s are si IhuIi. drink wMcr blood 
wonn. 

iDContinence of Uiine of Old People. — The continued dm o( one 
\Q \\x drop* lincluie a{ ioihnc litis provnl a succcnful remedy. For 
other peniiinit. pul (uur d[>'|is liiKiute <ii aconite root In a tumbler of 
waier. anil Uic a ivaspoDiirul every half hour unlil relieved. 

India Ink Marlt*— to remove.— The tc is no mtihod known of re. 
movifitc liiili.i ink inarkinji* thkl have been pricked intu the skin, save 
by llie procewt in whidi Ihey were iiilmdurcd. The tuperllclal applS- 
calion (i( any remedy ir) remcve it will be tlltcrly iisrlew. The only 
melhud that will prorc cfficaeiuus. is Ihe painful and ledjuui unc of 
prickintc the skin as wai done when the markings u'rre made, and 
squeetinK out the colld panicles of coloring matter with Ihe blood. 
If this be ilune c«refttlly and thori>u|clily (he nrniku may be reraowd; 
but in no other way can it be done, except by actually cutltni; out the 
marked piece <if ikin. 

Infanti' Band— to knit. — An Infant'* bond can be knit of toft 
w<H>t, and knit whole like the leg of a stocking, and can be made so 
Ml to sliji on over the (cct. by kniitinjc it in rib* — that 'n. two ttitche* 
plain and two purl. They will b« olaalic, and yet lirm. and will lit 
ihe l.odv closely and comfortably. 

Inflamed Eyes— to cure. — For inflamed eyea use borax, half dram; 
cnmph'ir waEcr. ihtee ounres. The above simple preacilpiloii it in 
common use by tliv highest medlCKt nulhoriltet. It is Kood (or in- 
flamed eyes. In using il, lean the head buck and drop three drops in 
the comer of each, and then open the eyn and let it tun in. Use it 
as often ax ihe eyes (eel badly, 

WuBion of Roses. — Take any common icd-rose leave* (c^bliaKc 
roaesiue Ibc X-xtmS. and put them into a china teapot; pour orer Ihem 
boiling water in the pro|H>rtion o( a pint ■•( water to one-half ounce of 
lose leave*. When the infusion has stood ten minutes, pout it off and 
Icnre It to get cold; sweeten with sugar or honey. A wincgtasslul 
taken occaaionalty will be found of sen'ice In almoit all coxes of 
female dehilily. 

Ink lAmencan Commercial). — Take one-quaner pound extract of 
logwood, one gallon clean soft water; heat it to the boiling point in a 

Seriectly clean Iron kettle; skim well; stir; then add ninety grnini> iif 
ichromate of potash, fifteen grains prui>f>iate ol potash, dI*so1veil in 
half a pint ''f hot water. Stir for three minute«: take oiS and strain. 
Ink Stains on Books. — To remove ink stains from a book, first 
woah Ihe pjpcr with warm water, using a camel's-hair pencil for the 
purpose. Ily this means the surface Ink is got rid of; the paper muxt 
be wetted wiih n solution ni oxalate of potash, or. better still, oxalic 
acid, in the proportion of one ounce to half a pint of water. The ink 



93i 



tfJ/^ T El'EHY OXF. SIIOVI-D KNOW. 



*uinti nil! immodUirly di»«pp«*r. Piniillj', ncain wn«h (he *tiiln«l 
plucc wilh Tlcun vntct. »nil dry it with white btolling (Mpcr. 

Ink— to take out of boards.— To ukc inkoat of boaidsusc sifoag 
muHaiEc 3.e\A, or tpiriu of krIu, applied with n piece nt cloth; oTtti^ 
ward irHsIi well. 

lok (Commoo Writing)— to mmkc— "In ihe neipes fteimaiiv 
aivcti (or making ink, ii i> rctiimmcMrfni lo boil the ingredient*. Thw 
li; x very tic-riouf luliiokc. It should always licinadewlih culil water. 
My this Utlcr proccw, oinre lime Is ol caanc ncrrMuy lo make ii; 
bui (hen the ink is very sui>cn'i>i. aiid entirely Irco from ejuniittivi! 
miillcr which ha* no inky quality, and which only lends to clog ihc 
pen and lo mm ihc ink ropy and mouldy. Take gnlUnuii, broken. 
»ni' pi'Uild: Mllphalc ai Iron, half a piiunil; (ciim neaciH aiid itujru 
ain-ly, ol mch it iparlcr of ii pnund; wnicc, iliree rtuoriH. I'lute the 
whole of thcBc in^eilienls in u vev^cl where they can be af[ilated 
onccaday: niter nunding (or a forinighi or ibrce weeks, the ink I* 
reiidy for uie. L.ogwoud and limllar mntcrlal* an: nlicn ailvlacd lo 
he used m cunjimcliun with Ihe i.itl.nuts: but ihey teivc nofcuiid 
purpose, unless r; he \n make a chCHpcr article, which fade* rapidly. 

Ink-it«tns on Table-covers and Carpets — to remOTe.— Toltc up 
a* much «l thi- i-plllr') Ink a.s pouiblc wiih a spoon and blottlnc- 
paper: jimtr tuM u'>i(rr <ni the tp»i A.n<l ilry li up wilh n flannel. If 
any Main [i-main*. wash the place tilth a tolullon n\ oxalic Hcid or 
■alt ol surreU dry It iiiiiucdiaiely. and, to pmcrve the culot, nib or>ii 
little harl.ihorn. 

Ink (Cheap and Good! — how lo make. — Take one-quarter of a 
pound of cxirocl ol luicwood: one Katlon dear, »ofi water: heal it lo 
the boiling point in a perfectly clean iron kettle; Hkitn well. stir, ifacn 
ndd ninety Brain* of bichromate of pou&h. lifteen grains prusslate of 
poia«h. dia»olveil in ahalf pint of hoi water; Mir well (or ihrec inin- 
ute«: lake off am) atrain. The atiovc will moke one Kalton i)( llic 
best ink nhich I have ever used. 

Ink (Indelible)— to remoTC, — To remove inileh1>le ink, app4y a 
ilronu soluiion of cyanide of poiasftium, and rinse well. 

Ink (Gold and Sil««r>— to make."Grlnd Kold leaf wilh whit* 
h<iney unH tUboI (Hirphyiy or iclasft. with a muller, until it i« rc- 
dnced to an impalpable powder in a paaEy condition; ihis golden 
honey D.-uie isUicn diffused in water, which dissolves the honey, nnd 
UicRold falls to the liollnm in the form of verf Anc powder. When 
,lhc honey Ih all trashed aw.ty mix the sold pander with tium arable 
miicilat;c. After usinic il. allow it lo dry on the paper, and Ihen it 
may be made brilliant by burnishing ii with an agale burnisher. 
Silver ink Is prepared in Ihe s.-ime way, by usinK silver leaf. 

Ink (Crecnl— Rub ihrec and t, holt ilrAmi- rruuian blue, and three 
drums "! KaiiilM-^KC. with two viiiicci. ol niu-jilaije. ind add halt a j>itil 
of water. 

lnk-at*ias— to remove from the luuid». — Indcxical pumice ttone 
•OBp will inttantly remove Ink stains from Ihc hand*- 



If //A T E VEP V OATS SI/0 ULD JC.VO W. M% 

Ink llndfllbic Marking)— One nnd a half diami of olirali! of ■li- 
ver, I'tii' c'untc t'f ili>«[ill<:(I M'lilri, h\i\i ml ituiKC n( iirontf mucil«KC of 
gum nrubic. <hrc<; iiuuiicts <yi a druin vf liiiiiid nmaioniH, Mtx ths 
above in a clean glus bonk. c<irk (ij|[hlly. and keep in a dark place 
lUI (tiM»lvcil, and ever aflcrwant. Oirecliuiis fbi uic: Slmkc the bot- 
Ur, (hen ilip h cIcad ijiiill fica In the ink, and write and draw wttAI 
j'ou r*v|uire on llie Article: iinmcliuuly huld ii *lo»c l<> the (iro 
(without scorching). t>t pius .-i hoi iron over it. and it will tievf>me a 
deep nnd Indelible black, indcitructitilc by eilher lime ur airidi of any 
deseripilon. 

Ink (Indelible) — i. TwoMifthx of Hpoundof tartaric :K;id .'kre di<t- 
Milvril in «ixt>*-iine cubic Inchrt hut water: in one-haK I'f the sululiun 
dtssotre onc-lifih oily anilin: odd the other half, and ihen une-Gflh 
pound chlnrsie of poiotsium. Allow the solutioii to Cool and subdue 
until the next day; filter Imm the biinitrale. and bring ihe lii]ul(l to 
the dcnMty i>( wven degree* U, Thicken fulficienlly with kuhi 
arubic, ancl add to cmrh cubic inch one Irenly-Gllh pound copper sul- 
phate, dissolved in a little water. This ink may be at on<« used foe 
prlniing muslin and other fabcio. upoa which the block color will lie 
perfectly ilcvclopcil by blcochfng llfjuid*. Cbloiaie of copper if- ^ilirii 
uoeil for wrilinK upon iinc ii*cd (or t,\xn* und InbclB exposed lo the 
weather. 

1. An ink Ihat cannot be erased, even with acids, is obtained hy 
Uie (oltowmt; recipe; To good gall ink a<|il a slrong solution of fine 
tolubic I'liKhi.in blue In diMillcd wniet, Thi« nildition m»^i'<< ihe 
ink. und u'iis iim'iousty proof uicaiiiBt alkalies, eciually pinof aguinil 
acids, and forms a writing fluid which cannot be erased without 
destruction i>f ibe paper. The ink wiiics greenish blue, but after- 
ward tiiriiH bUtk. 

] Diswilve se,>Hrulcty one ounce of nitrnte of silver, anj one and a 
half ouncn of sub-cuthimiile ol soda (best wiuhtng soda) in inin wa- 
ter. Mix the sitluiions, and collect and wash the prccipiuic inn 
Altec, while siill moist, rub it up in a matbtc or hard wooU nriotinr 
with three iltami of lanatic acid; ndd two ounr«:( ol rain water, mix 
nix drams while sujfui. and Irn iliuiuit of [ii.>wdcred inim nrabic, half 
an ounce of archil and walci lo cnai;o up six ounces in measure. 

4. Nitrate of silver, five scruples; gum arable, two dtacns; rap 
icreen. one scruple: distilled water, one ounce; mix logr-ihet. Before 
urilinic on Ibr nrlide in be marked, apply a lilile of the l'>lti>wini>; 
Carbonate ■>( sodii. ooe-ball ouiicc; distilled water, four ounces: let 
this lost, which is the mordant, i^l dry, Iben, with a quill pen, write 
what you rec|uirc. 

Ink— (or writing on Itnca.— Dissolve ntiraic of rilvcr (common 
caustic) in it k'am mofur. and in double il» weigh! of pure water. 
This forms the ink for marking; linen, and it must be kept in a bottle 
well corked, Heforc using Ihe ink, the part of Ihe linen to be wttiien 
u|ioii should be saturated with a prcpanitioo made of auc ilram ol 
Mils o( urtar dissolved In one and a hall auiiccs ol water, and dried 



sjo WHAT EVERY OUB SitOVLD KXOW. 

bcfnrr thr Arc. The wfllJaR vhoulil be h«ld to the fire, lo bring Ji up 

lak (LitheKntptuc). — Venice luriiciilinc. une p»rt; iMupblsck. iwo 

Kn»i hatd (Mlow Map. six (ana: miislic in Icare, «ight pans: shcl- 
:. twelve pun*; wax, tlxiecn parts; melt, stir, and poui it out on 
a *Tiib. 

Ink — wajrs to remore riom lin«a. — i. To lake ink oat f>( linen, 
dip the in!(.»por in pure tneldil liiUow; then wash out the talloir, and 
ihc ink will ciJinr i>ul with It, TliU is uld lo Ivc uofnllinK. 

a. Milk will [tmuvc ink from linen i.r cnloreil muslin*, when acids 
H-uiikl lie ruinoui. 5imk 111] the tpvt i» very (aim, then nib antt rinse 
in cold wnier. 

y An inkiitind was curneil over upon .1 white i.iblecloth; a icrvant 
threw ovrr it h imxturc of *ali and pepper picmifullf. oiid nil traces 
of il dtiapiiciireil, 

4. Kub ihc spui well wiih Ihc^ end of a tiean Tt\(M candle, leaving 
»nnie of the ullow in lump* upim li furiwrnlv-fnuc huun; then wath 
Ihc anicle in hciillnK water, and the Ink will Jiiappear. 

i. Take one nunce »iit-ammooii>c, une ounce aolu 0/ tartar, wine- 
boiile nl cold 8o([ wain. Well mix the above; wet the linen thor- 
cughly with the mixture, and icpeai the proceis (ill (he ipols dltk 
appcAr. 

Ink-stalns— to remove from mahoganj tables and other wood.— 

I, Dilute half a imspiHuiful rii ..il i.( vitriol willi a tatue spr.»>nfulol 
wnler. .-ind carefully touch ihr ink-9f>o( wilh a featlirr; rub it tjulckly 
oS, and repeat the pruccw till the Ipol disappears. Spirit of sail will 
»n»wcr llic same purpute, and mail be uaed with equal care, for fear 
of lcavin)[ a while mark. 

I. I'ut a few drops i>f spirits of nine in a leaspoonful uf water, 
much the [pol with a feather dipped in (he mixture, and on the Ink 
di»apprarin)i:. rul> it over Immediuicty wiih n nm wci In cold water, 
or ihrrc will tie a while mark whuh will not lie r^aUly rITaceil. 

Ink-atajiis from Printed Booka. — Prucuic two cenls wurlh ot 
oxalic acid, which di»olvt! in a small quaniily uf warm wnler: then 
fliKhily wei ibe stain with il. wbeD it will disappeai. leaving (he leal 
uninjured. 

Ink (Perpetual), — Pitch, three poun<l«; melt over iho fire, (hen add 
lamp-black, one pound: miK well. This is used in a melled slate to 
fill the lelten on tombstones, marbles, etc. Without actual violence, 
it will cndur«' a* long as the stone Ilsclf. 

Ink Powd«r.~i, Ink powder thai will make Rood black writinji;- 
inlc by dissolving in cold water, so aa lo be til for uae in a few hours 
or lc»; Tannic acid, seven ounces: sulphate of iron (coppetasj. one 
pound: Rum arable, one and one-half pounds: sugar (while), uiie- 
ftnirtb of a |)Ound, Powder n finely as poMlhic; rtih all tofcelher, 
adding a few dropa of clove oil. 

i. Reduce lo puwdei ten uuncetnf gall nut*. Ihrce ounces of green 
copperas, i«o ountx* each of powdcicd alum and pita arable. Put 



WHA T El'£J{y OXE SHOl'LD KNOW. 



ajl 



a Uulo «t ihU mlilure inio while wine, and (I will be 111 (ur iniinedl. 
ate UM. 

Ink (Red Writing). — Bcsl );round Bniiil wutn], (our uuftccs:i]tlut- 
ed ncetic aci<l. one pint: nlum. une-hal( ounce. Itoil them xlowly in 
H covcreil itnnecl cniiper or enameleU saucepan (or one hour, and udd 
one t'unrr <i) ijum. 

Ink iRedl---for 'Imn.—Tiilic <iiic-hjLl( nunce uf vermilion and one 
drnm oi s.ili ol nceV. k-i thvm be leviguied wilb linneed oil i« (ho 
liirisincncy reijuircd. 

Ink tor Wilting on Steel.— Sulphate at copper, water and nil- 
phurlc acid. L)i^«i<lvc Milpliuic i>l ciipiHT in water, bo ai lo make a 
liquid like ink; add a liiilc Miljihuiit acid, and use for wrilinu a iguil] 
pen. With this ink topper Iclieri may be formed on iron or atccl. 

Ink iSympathelic or Secret).— The Koluiioni. uxrd should be so 
nearly (idiirlc-H Ihiil Ihr wtiiinu cannnr be seen lill Ihe agent is ap- 
plied lu render it vinitil^. doil i>xidc i>( cobalt in acetic acid. I( a 
common salt be added, the wiiiing becomes Rrcen when heated; liut 
wiih nitre it becomes a pale rose color. By using a weak solution of 
tuipliaic 111 copper, the lilting bccomei blue when exposed to the 
vaiipr r'f ammiitiia, 

Ink Stains— to remove, — i. When fteahdone and wet. huicn to 
provide some cold water, an empty cup and a spoon, J'ljur a little 
of the wnier on the sialn, not having; lunched ii prrviiiusly with aav- 
ihing. The wuler. u( cuuisc. dilulct Ihc ink and lessens the mark; 
then ladle it up into the empty cup. Continue pouring the clean 
water on the suin and ladling it up. until there is not ihe sltKlitcKI 
ina>k lod. N'o m.illei how great the quantity of ink »pilicd, patience 
and pcrHcvciaiice will remove every indication i>I it. To remove a 
dry ink stain, dig) the part Blaincd into hoi milk, and gently lub It; 
repeat untd no sign is [e(t. This is nn unfaiiins remedy. 

3. Oxalic ucid is used for removing ink and rust stains nnd remnania 
of miiij »tnins which do not vicld lo oiher deiereenls. It may also 
be used for dcMioyint; (lie siain» of [ruli» and aalrinKent juices, and 
old staimi o( uttne. However. it« use i» limited to while goods, as It 
attacks fugitive colors, and even light shades of those reputed to be 
fast. The best method of applying It is lo dissolve It in cold or luke- 
warm wMtcr. to let it remain a moment upon ihc *pol, and then to 
rub ii wiih the Riiecr*. 

3. Coal oil will take nut ink stains, even ader they have been 
washed with soap. Pour on the oil. and tub the spot in ihe liandii; 
if il doec not remove It by the firsi application, try more, the second 
application will remove It entirely. 

J. As SO" in as Ihe accident happenx, wet (he plate wiih juice of 
sorrel or lemon, or with vincxar. and Ibe best hard while soap. 

Ink (Ticketing) — for grocers' use. — Dissolve one ounce of |[ura 
•rabic in six ounces o[ walci. and strain; this is the muctlAKC. l^of 
Uack, UM drop black, powdcreil and ground wiih die mucilage to eX' 
treine Gnenessi lor blue, ultramarine i* uacd in tiie aame outnncr; 



S3I 



tVJIA T EVERY ONE SHOVLD K^OW, 



tii[ srecn, etneraUl ^,Tsta•. for while, (lake whhc; For red, vermilion, 
lakt. or cnnninr; (or yrllow, chmme yellow. When ground toa 
Ihlcli ihcfare thinnetl wiih ii liiile Hulrr. Apply Willi ft sinallliniRh. 
Ttic rjfd* maj' be tiied nith u thin iclue unci iiiterwardt varnisheil. it 
It l» dMired lo preserve Ihcm. 

Ink (toTitiblc) — wajri to make).— Pui IIIharKc of lenil liiio very 
•iroiiR vineKiit. and Icl it (■land iwcWy-f'^iK liniin: wmiH it iifl. uid 
let it reniiiin till qiiiic !>cltk'il: then put the ni|u<>r in a lH>lttc, Next 
diuuU'e oipimcnt in rjuicklimc- water, by letlinj; 1h? witel in ihe lUtt 
tor iwo Of thiec ilays. lurnmR il five or six lime* n day. Keep ibe 
balilc roiilatalnK ihl* Ikiuoc urll corkcil. aa ihe vapor iti lutthly per- 
nkiousif received intn the iTunitli. Write what you wish irith :i yrn 
dipped in the lirit liuunr. »nd, ii> m»be it visilile. expose ii lo (hi* 
vapofof the »cc<ind liquid. Ii v"" "iih Ihe writing lo disappear 
again, draw ft aponee or pencil dipped in aqiuilonlc or aplrlt of nllrc 
ot'rf tlio papei; and Khould you wivh it ii> reappear. Irl the paper be 
quite dry. after whieh pniw the tulutioo <>( cirpiraonl ovn il. 

1. The most curiou* of all kinda of inviaible inks it thut froni 
cobalt. I( is a very rcmnf kabtc phenoDnenoin (hat the figure* traced 
out wiih this Ink mar be made lo disappear and reappear ai plea*itre. 
To prepare thii ink. take lafltc. and dlatolvc it In nitro-muriulicactd, 
lill the tCi'iil oiliMtA from l( (he metallic pan u( Ihe roball which com- 
munidiies to ibe radre ilt blue color; then dilute the solution, which 
is very acrid, with tommon water; iX you write with ihc liijaor on 
paper, the characters will be invisible; but when exjHtKcd loasulAi 
cienl deitrcc of heal ilicy will become fiwen, Whrit ihe paper has 
coolod (hey will diaappcar. bu( by warmlh they may be mode to ap> 

Sear aKi'"' ObNerrc, if the paper be loo much healed they will not 
IsBppcc al all. 

Ink < Yellow I.— Gamtioge iriluraied n!ih waicr. and a little alum 
adilcd. 

Ink Stainaand Iron Ruft—to remore.— Oxalic acid diuolved In 
water will remove ink >tiiins and iron lusi. Articles must be thor- 
oughly linaei] after the *t«ins are removed. The netd ahould be ap* 
plied and then Ihe icarmcni laid in the «uii. Repeated appllcaliona 
nay be necessary. 

Ink Spou — to remove. — To remove tram rust or ink apou, motvt- 
en the spots and apply sails of lemon until they disappear, and iheaj 
rloM well. ShIk of Irniim ure made ol Ci^ual parti oi oxalic acid and 
lariartc mid. Ani'tbcr nay iii lomoiMcn with lem»n juice, niriakle'^ 
well wilh Bait, aoit lav in (he sun. If ink is spilled on colored goods 
[h.ii wilt not ticB( scids. soak Ihem immediaiely In swccl milk boiling 
hoi. Mot mct(L-d tallow poured through Ink 8pni* will alao remove 
them. 

Ink Staiaa — to reBove from •ilver, — The tops and oihei portions 
ot silver inkstaoda fiequcody become deeply diicolorcd with ink, 
which U difficult to refflnve by ordinary meant. It may. however, 
be comploiety cisdicaied by makinit a Utile thlutldc ul lime into a 



WHAT RVRRV OXP. .SllOVlD A'JVOiy. ajj 

pule ■■ lih woicr. and mbbinti it upon ihc »uini. Chlurlde of l!m« 
huK bci-n mUnnmrd " The general blcothcc." bul It !■ ■ (oul cDcmy 

10 till mrlali"' silrliuT*, 

Inlaid Mother of Pearl Work, — l. IiilaiJ molheror pearl work, on 
xewlnjt DliKhilies and olhcr fancy work. Ii pctfurmed by HkcflriK the 
thin tcalc* of ihc ihcU nnil tcmftiling ihcm lo Ihc mtfiuc ot llic mim- 
lerul; the ie\t of Ihe )iiirht(e k rnvirred with iiii»CKMtc I'uals of 
Japan varniBh. Kenersl)<r lilH<'k. l>c-inK eubjcciril ti> n h^ikiiiK proccM 
(iflcr each iipplicjiiitin. When ilie vnrninh is as Ihkk iis Ihe shell, It 
19 pitlishcd. ihegildiDK and pBiniJng added, and a tHuwIng coal u( 
vamiih put ovrr ihe whole. 

s. Prepaii; the jotj wiih * Iicm'y co«t ■>( black japan, ihen. before 
ii is dry. pi'inire fl^ikcH of pciirl unil lay them on the black surface, 
pressioit them inio the iap.in uniil ihey are level with Ihc mrfuce; , 
thro wLih colors from vina and flower*, aJloirlnR the pearl lo formj 
Ihc body of ibc flower ti-nf. and Khude up all nicety. ^ 

Insects on Plants — to destroy.— I n»cei* are a very tterious draw- 
back !•• br.ilihy ami \ii;ii[»uii pUiils, and a nivM vidian! walch 
Hhinilil ai .ill times be sei for ihcni ; bui. In t'pile of all our eare. ihey 
will iippear utid incrcaic iviih luch rapidity thai do lime should be 
Ion in dcstroyinK ihrin. No plan l*. bow ever, >.hoi]1d he taken inio 
the hou<<c until ihi>rou){bly ('IrAiincil, CultiviiirJ pbnm seem lo fur- 
nish ("od f'>r several diHerenl »[i<Tie» nf insects, and ihe itcaimenE 
necrissry in ilesitny one term will noi aniKer for anoiher. The 
black or KTccn flf, or aphit. arc always the mott numerous, and urc 
Grtil i^ern on ihe new cmwlli of hou^eplants : but in un umaiinsly 
tib'irl lime »pie.id III llic older Icni'cK. etipceiAlly l<> Ihe soft wooocd 
une». us well as Howera, absnrbi ik the juice and vilality vl the plant. 

11 is easy enouah tofomiKate a creen house, to destroy infectt, oliiili, ' 
of coarse, could not be done in our dwellings, and many plunk bave.| 
been recommended. One snys. sprinkle Scotch sniifl on the (oiiage 
and lei ti remain two »r ihiec day*; another hH}*!>, a weak solution o( 
caibolic aiid. aiiplicil with n sitab or (ealber: and still another says, I 
take B lilllc coal oil— just enoutth to make a colored scum on the sur>^ 
face o( a tub of unitr— and dip the inverted plant into it. ni^t allow. 
ing the pot to touch it. Olhi ct rrcmimended hot water, and we have 
/ound that to be the lea»l ■'b;e<'ii<>nahlc. Our plan is i<i dip the plant 
in a tub of iraler that will refpilcr i^ne hundred and iwcniy dcsrces 
with a thennomeler. (cpcalioK it ihe fotlowiUK dHy . Of course. I ho 
plant must not tccnuiii in the hui water. n« it U'luld be soon cwiked. i 
To destiny the KTccn fty in t;Tccn1iuiMos <>r lonte-rvauiries. Ihc mo*t 
iijiproved method i* liiniiKiitinK, which is dmu: \>y plariiij( on a pan ol] 
Vt\f ciiflit a ([u-mliiy i<f <l»nip tobacco stems. lillini- Ihc hxUse with kj 
dense smoke and keejiing ii closed until morning; bul, as heliotropes, 
clc. arc liable to be inmtcd by smoke, spread paper over the planls 
whlk fumigating. Il is belter, however, in (utniKate iwo or three 
nlxhti in »ucce«Hion (ban lo liik ton dense smoke. Hut the mo., 
il^virucilve and Itwt kqowa insect is Ibe red spider, ll is too )imi|1 



B34 WHAT BVEKY ONE SHOULD K.WOIV. 

to b« rendiljr seen; bul id presence is easily delected bv eray or jrel- 
Inwldh Kpoii on lh« nppatrntly dfing leave*. The lliilc iiiim'ci lives 
upon tbe undei ildc of the leaf; nnd noi only iibM>fb« \\» viluliiy, bul 
weaves Bflnc web. nhlrh clo»n llir p^reit Ihrnuiih uthkli the plant 
breathes. They dviiKhl in a hoi, Jry ulmusphcre. just such « one as 
our (ItllnK-fooi^ iillDrd«: but are rcudily deilroyed by *yriiiKii>E ihc 
plftnl odcn with clear, warm water, or n itDod baih in ilie tub, and 
then sprinKir ollh xiitphur. Biit If dinair pUlcs iff biii-hl liti «r Ktu.it, 
wilh ii lillle ^u1|lhllI on llicul. »rc pluced under the plants, in the full 
fBV* oi the iun.no red spiders will trouble ifaem.os thcsulphur (utile* 
klirthem, A weak gioluiion oF whale oil suap li cxrelleni; but it miMt 
be vcr^ weak, or ll wotild ma only bill llie [oliDcc. but Ihe plar)t also, 
The nieuly buif ib also very ilrhiniriivc in hol-huuse pl&nts; hut '*» 
really the easiest to exlenniimie «( any in Ihis tiflt. They arc n large, 
white, woolly lookinK lump in Ihe nxil of (he leaf, and are cosily kept 
down by frequent (yrlnginR wiih warm, Rrcnsy wnler. to nhich 8 
Utile aulpbur should be adilnl. But, if full crown, (hey should be 
picked oA I>7 hand ur a smnll, sharp-pointed slick. 

For worms at the roots of plants an application of a weak nolullon 
of carbolic acid, applied quite frequently In ibe canh. it uiiil to be a 
•are euro. Anolher kooiI plan to kill ihrm i* to uac wmer wiib lime 
dissolved in il (or waierinit (be plnntd. It also aids (he soil in siimu- 
laling the growth. But probably the safes) plan is lo carcXully shake 
•II the earth from the roots, and. after a thorough watering with 
warm water, repot In fresh earth, tiai, for fear of a like trouble 
afcain in a short lime, n Kood plan is lo suhjecl the tequircd anii>unt 
of earth (o n slronK henl. by pliicintE it in an old pun in a Moi'c-oveni 
until all iniccti as well as etEKSsre dcslrdved. 

And now we come to Ihe least known. Icoxi uDilerMood, and appar- 
ently Ihe most inslgniliranl Insect; hut which in reality ift the KTcal> 
est scourge in the whole liat. They arc Ihe scales \f.'*ttij*\ various 
■pedes, and infeni caclus, oleanders, camellia*, licus and tropical ferns. 
Like all other insects, they increase and spread with great mpidily. 
covering the woody stem and leaves in a thoil lime; and, ac ibey 
ar« so small And so near (he color of the plant on which they (red. 
they usually ^et n icood start belore bcinR seen. A weuk sulutiun of 
whale oil soap » the usual remedy; but the best remedy we ever 
tried It a boy wiih a pan of warm water and a siifl looih<hrush. 

ImMt»— to destroy. —I. Todcsirov ihcliitlchuusonihc oleander, 
take a piece of lime aboui ihc »iie uf^ ft hen't ckk. "ml diisolve li in 
about Iwo qunrls n( wnler. Wash the stttk anil branches of (he tree 
with this wiler. Slugs are <iccasionally >een eating large holes o[ 
notches in ihe leaves o( all succulents and begonias. They usually 
feed during the night. Cut potatoes, lurnipii, or some other fleshy 
vegetables in halves, and place conveniently near (he ptanls. The 
slnipi w lII gather upon the vccelablcs and are easily desliciyed. 

3, Whea bugs have obtained a lodgment in walls or timber, (ha 
Mirest mode of overcoming (he nuisance Is lo putty up every bole 



WHAT EVERY QNR SHOULD A'jVOIC 



93S 

In 



llla[ I* modprulcly larffe, antl oil-piinl Ihc nhnic vtall ur limhcr. 
bed- f urn i lure, a mixture of soft soap with snuff or arsenic is uicful 
lo fill up (he h«!«i where ihe bolts orlosleninss urc lixecl. etc. French 
polwh iniiy lie npplied (o ihc tinoolhrr pnrtt of ihe wood. 

\ Kcrcsciic nil muy tie used (or ilrtltuyiriE inncrit »[i (ilginu by 
Ukioj; .1 t.-ibte spoon fill of oil and mixini; it with lialf ii cuplul u( 
millt, And then diluling the mixture wiih iwo gallons of water. Ap- 
ply the liquid with a syringe. »nd afterward rinse with clear waler. 
This sutiMun'T t» ilrnt)! to plnnl iimcclt. and wc have nrvrr hcaid of 
lis InjulinK tbc iii«!>l dclit'iilc |ilaiil9 whi'n utie<l iichcre ilim'led, 

iDSect Destroyeis. — i. llolnluni waicits thcbeBl insect dnlroyer 
known. Put alum into hotvMcr and boil until dinolt-cd, then apply 
hot imterwith a Iirukh i« nil cracki, cImgi*. bcdncftd* and other 
places wh«rciti«e(lti mnjr be found. Atiii, bcdbU|pi, cockroaches and 
other creepinK ihinKs nre kilted, 

a. ]i Is said ihat eommun sulphur will Vill or drive awar Ihe little 
flsh-thnpcd, silvery pest which infects our pantry. Sprinkle the sul- 
phur freely about, and the place will soon he cleared of ihe vermin. 

J. A solulioil ol cy.inldc of poluilum ii. the t>c»t pi>i»on lo kill ln> 
seen ol any kind. 

InsMt Bites— ta cure, — Insect Mies, and even that of a rattle. 
NnHke. have proved harmless by stirring enough CMUmon salt into 
the yolk ul a (C"*^ ^B "^ make it sulTiclenily thin /or ■( plaster, to l>c 
kept on the bitten pari, 

InBomnia.— .\ liiilc English work. " Sleep and How to Obtain it," 
Niys iliAt insomnia is niH so dangerous as is commonly supposed, for 
llie author knows an eminent man of letters who has suflcrrJ from It 
for many years without injury. When a mun liCKlns tu dr<lim ol hif 
work he may know that be i» unilcr (no grcsl a mental slr.^n. The 
author's plan of inducing «leep is lo reckon up friends and acquaint- 
antn whose name begins with a, certain letter. 

IntcnniUent Fever and S*lt.— Take a handful of ub1c>*alt Mid 
rnasl ill a clean oven with moilcrnie hem tilt ii \* brown — ihe color cif 
roosted cfiflce. Dose for an adult; A simonftil dissolved in a glass 
of varm vxtrr; lake at once, When llie fever appears M intervals 
at two. three or tour dayn. the remedy should be lalicn fasiinR on the 
morning of the day following the fever. To overcome thcthiijii.a 
very lilllc water should be token through a straw. During the forty, 
eight hours which follow the taking of the salt, the uppctiic shoiild be 
latislied wiih chiTken mid ItcI broth only; it is especially necessary 
lo obicrve a severe diet !ind avoid taking cold. The remedy js very 
simple anil harmless and has never been known lo fall where it has 
been given trial, 

Intereat Rulea, — For lonr per cmt., niuliiplir the principal by iha 
numlicr of days to run; acpurste the right hand figure from produCT, 
and divide by nine. 

For five per cent., multiply by number of dsvs, and divide bf kt- 
emy-lwo. 



*36 



w/fAT fcrsffy oi^F. xuoviD A'yot^. 



Kiir Mx [>cr ccnl.. muUijiy liy iiiimbcr tit ilayn; Hporaie nghl haoil 
figure, unit divide by lii. 

ftit let-cn and ihrcc-lenthk ptt I'ciil.. mulilply by numlirr of Unyti, 
■mil diMibk (lie iiiiiount to obttLiocil. On one hundred ilullMre Uia in- 
lereM it> jukI tnu centi pvr day. 

For cig^ht per ccnL, multiply l>y number of dAjrt, and lUirlilr Ity 
((irty.fivc. 

For nine per Crnl.. miiltiiily t>]r tiuiiibrt ni duya; wpftrair right 
hund Aku>i'. .iiid iliviclr tiy fnur. 

For leii pci iwnt., mulliply liy number of itays, unil divide bjr 
Ihirly.six, 

Fiif twelve per cent., mullipty by number "f Uny*; ncparatc right 
hand Af[iiie. unO divide tiy three. 

For lificeii per cent., multiply by number i>I day*, mid divide by 
twenty -(our. 

FoTciBhteen per <cni., multiply by number otdaya; icparate right 
hand (iKure. nad divide by two. 

For twenty per c«nt., multiply by oumber ut dayit. and itivide by 
eiicliiocn. 

Irish Mom for CoMs.— Take one dudcc of the moat, nuh It well 
Ivife in boillnR tv^let. poaj a. Hide cold iralet on it. and let ll Mnnd 
all niK'ii: ilic next diiy mIJ Io i( '>ne quitri of (rr>ih inilk, .1 lltik leniMi 
peel, nod iwo lilwdca i>( m»fe: boil hII nlowly until ilie milk i» Ihkk: 
put loaf HUKii' in a basin, and strain the milk on 11. li »hi-uld be 
Mirred while boiling tu prevent the moH lettliog on the boltom of 
the anucL-pan. 

Iron Hokterk.— To make excellent Iron holders, «nd ni ihe unaic 
lime iitiliie the tops ol a pair of <iorn-nu[ boola. eat the leather into 
>i(|uarc^ and cover two or three Uiicknenes of il "ilh some suitable 
m.itedut, n hipping it clovely in place. Over all put a corerlngof 
nice whilv rinlh, And as often a* nccesMiry remove the <iul*idc cnvcr- 
InK ftnd replace with a (reih one, 

iroainc Hints.— If you would lessen the work of ininlnj; (old your 
clolbes the night before, and lay them upon a table piled on ode aa- 
other, c»vcriD|[ with nn tmntng-bUnkci, and they will be much 
smoother; tprinkle them in the morninK. roll them up lijthi until you 
are ready to iron tliein. and the work «ill bo a pastime, Some w^nher 
women, after t.-ikinu Uicm (lom the line, throw them into a basket 
helter-aketler, nil crumpleil up. wrinkled .ind harder lo irim. 

IrOMiaK Directiont. — T<> Inm nmooihly. puiibuiie a few ccnii' 
worth v(Tee>» »», »nd tub ii over the leaver of thin pamphlet, which 
have been healed lhtc>ui;h wiih the Itatiron. Keep it with ihe iron> 
ing.ihcel and t>Unkel, and when ihc Halirons are 10 be uied tub them 
nvcc Ihc w<K surface; then wipe gently on a loft cloth. Shin bonomii 
can lir i-^milv inmi-i) in this manner. 

Iron Stains— to leaiovc—Iron ruM can be taken out by wellini; 
the spot, stielching Ihe linen over a plate placed over n baitn of 
buiting water, and touching tbe place with sal» of lemon; kcc|Mnt| 




rtv/^ r£i^£fiy 0Af£ sitov'to k//ow 



*» 



llitt place verj' hot. As *oon nn the Main i» remiived. wash in a good 
(ImI o( hoi wiUff. 
Iron — to m»ke tklM « bright poll»h like steel,— Put vciiie nod 

diuolvc Ihv folluwitie uiticT» in nna t\nan '>i hut wMcr; HIuc 
vlinol, one ounce; borax., one ounce; ptussiate of |Mi|at,h. one ounce: 
chaicoAl. one ounce; miIt. ocie-haU pint: Ihen odd one gallon of IJn- 
Heed oil, mix well, bring yuut iron or uteel m the proper beat aod 
coul in (he Hotultmi, 

Iron iChtlled)— to turn.^At Lister's Work* some uriiclew required 
lurning in the iaihe. and catt iicel could nut be mode hiird enough to 
cut tlicm. One man prbpoicd cam meial tools. Me van laughed at, 
of oiiree. but hi> ptnn had to \x iricil, Well, out metal tools were 
tried, with {»iiiil?i rhilled. nnd Iheir cut when cnjii «tecl looU were o[ 
no use. The article khs turned up with iiicliil lii'ila, 

Xton or Steel — to elewi.— Make a paste of iivo ouncei ot soft loap 
iinil lnur <»i emery powder — that is. two ounces of roatie emery 
powder iind two <>1 Imc, Put this potlc on fire ltoni>, (rndet*, eie., 
and ulicrwsnl ruli oft xviih 1I17 wash leather. Some pcuple use cro- 
cus powder moistened with sweet oil. This is bctt lor |>olishod 
»tccl, 

Iroa (CoAt)— to drill holes in.— By meonn of cnrbcllc acid a hole 
one-(uurlh <it an inch in dltimcler haa been drilled through one-half 
inch thickneM of fust iron with a common r«rpFitler'sbratc: judge, 
then, what can be done by using the acid and pressure drill. 

Iron— for fruit trees,— The scales which fly off from iron being 
worked at (»rge*. iron trimming, filings, or other ferruginous ma- 
terial, if worked Inii) the Koil about Iruii 1 tees, or the more minute 
particles spread thinly on the lawn, mixed nilh lite rnrlh of Rower 
beds or in pots, are must valuable to the peach und )>cnr. nnd, in fact, 
fupi'ly neccswry Ingredients (o the soil. For colored flowers ihcy 
hcichlen tiie bloom and increase thr brilliancy of while or nearly 
wtiile lliiwcrH t>( nl) the rose fimily, 

IroD Kettle (New)— to preftare for uae.^'Thc liesi nay t» prepare 
n new iron kettle for use is to (ill it with clean polalo parings; bull 
Iheiii for an hour or mure, Ihen wash the kettle with hot water, wipe it 
dry, iMid rub it with a little lard; repeal tlic rubbing (or luU! a dolcn 
limes after utlng. In this way you trill pn-venl tuM and all the an- 
noyances liulilc to ori-u( in the use of a new ki'ltic. 

Iron iMftlleablei — to soften. — When your furnace is charged wiih 
fuel uikI inrlul, gel ihc lire up to a dull, red heat, then pour fluoric 
acid nil over lite rcike; ukc one-half pint to one pint, or even one 
<)ui><l. adding n handful of fluor «par: il will make the metnl much 
Milter. 

Irons- to preserve from rtiM.~Meli tresh muiion suet, and when 
ihrouvh in-ning, smear the irons over w!ih it nhilc hot; then duKi 
Il well with unilske<l lime powiletcd ,tnd lied iip in mu<^lin When 
not nted, wrap the irons in baiie, and keep them in u dry ptai.'c, 
tJsv no ell on ibcm ai any lime Mccpi salad oil. 



438 WHAT El'F.HY OXE S//OC/ID A'JVOH'. 

Iron Rust from Wbit« Goods.—One nunc« of oxalic acid diatoUed 
ID one quart of naler. Wci ihc Irun-ruM apai* in (hit loluilon and 
lay in the hoi sun; (he rum will dlHappcur in trom three in lurcoty 
mlnucet, accciidlnK lu ■[» tlcplh. I h»vc just ex peri men led tiT huld- 
inK a niRled cloth, wet in this ttulutiun. over the steum ol & boiling 
tfukcttle, and the nut diMppcjued alincML insunily. In either aae 
the cloth khouiil t>e well rliiMd in wrater M •oon a* the ru*t dlMpjican, 
lo prevent injury (rom Ihe »rii1, Mitny use ini« acid to remove rntll 
and ink sliiins (rom white lubrics. When diluted •till tnoTC. ft may 
be uied Co icmovc (rule or ink staini from the htindit, 

Iran Mold— to remore — Dr. Thompson racaminendi thai the pat* 
itained iJiouId be remolMened with Ink, and lhi» removed by Ihe me 
of muriatlr oeld diluted with five or *tx timet ilK weight of water, 
when it will lie (uimil Ihsi ihc old anil new kiain will l« reni»vc<l cini- 
tlltanenutly . 

Iri>ii — to prcTCDt rustins- — Civr it a coui nl Mnieeil oil and wbll- 
ing. mixeil loselher in ihcTorm of B paste, ll i» cosily removed and 
will preserve Ui>n from tustiiiu (or yean. 

IrouOf SUcI— to ROfteo.— Kiiher of the fullowlnji nielhoilK will 
make iron or Hlee! very Hufi; 

I, Anoint it all over with tallow, temper it in a gentle charcoal fire, 
axid let it cool of itself. 

1. ToJie a little clay, caver yotir Iran with It, temper In a charcoul 
Are. 

3. When the irvn or sterl i> red hut, alrew hellebore on it. 

4. Quench the iron or steel In the juice or water o( common bettn*. 
Iran (Poor)— to impravc— Black oxide ol manganese, one part; 

copperai: and cnmnmn sail, fimr partH each; dissolve In toft water, 
and boil till dry: nlien loul, pulvenie. and mix tjuitc freely with nice 
wcHini: sand. When you have pout irun iihich yuu rannut aflord 
to throw oway. heat il, and loll it in this mixture; working (i>r a lime, 
fehcatinii:, etc, will kcoxi I'rre it from all impurities, which is the 
eauMol iit rcilleniieiM. Ky ihi* pfocc»» you can make (ood honie 
n^ls out o( common iron . 

Iron <C«Mt— to cue-harden.— Caai iron may t>e ease-hardened by 
bealiog to a red heat, and then rolling ll In a cnin,ioBiiion composed 
at equal pona «f prussiaie of potuli. sal-ammoniac, and sjJtpeter. all 
putverlied and thoroughly mixed. ThiK must be gut to every port of 
the aurfacc; then plunRed. while yet lioi, into a, bath contalainjc iwo 
ouncei prussiaie of poiash. and four ounceti sali-ammoniac (•> each 
gallon of cold water- 
Iron (Malleable H-10 CMC-hardco. — Put the aTtlclea In as Iron 
box, and siraiily ihcni ani'init animal earbon — that la. pices i>( hums, 
hoofs, skina. or Iraihci. juM lufficiently burned to be reduced 10 
powder. Lute the box with e<)ual parts of sand and clar: (ben place 
It In lb'' lire, and keep at n light ted heal (or a leoKIh 01 um* propor. 
tloned lo the depth <il ktecl tequlred, when the contents of (ha bos 
an eniptied into water. 




n-/iA r F.l'JF.JtV OXF. S/fOOLD A'A'Otf. 

Ireii(Wri>neht>— tec»se-h»t<len,— TakcpruMialeof pouih, finely 
palvcriicd, iind mil (he ariiclc in il, if its iliapc admiix o[ ii; if aoi, 
tprinkk the powilcr upon U (rcirly. while Ihe Iron lit hnl. 

Iron Wit* — to tin. — A new |ir»c«s« (or tinned inm wire c^insisM 
in first itninrrsinK it in a liulh <if muriatic acid in which a picc« »( 
zinc is luspcndcd. After the OKid ban produced u new surface on the 
wire, it (s placed in cominunlcalion with a nheei o( linc in a bath of 
iwD pans ncctic ncid in one hundred paitK traivr. in which itirce parta 
chlviide <if (in and three parts aoda are added. Tlir wire n allowed 
to remnin two hours in this mixture, after which it may be polished. 

Isinglass— to test. — The bcsi isJnglau i.t made from the air-blad- ] 
ders of ihe sturgeon, and is impoTlcd from Ruuia, where thai fish 
largely abounds, li U a very expensive article, and. on ihi* account. 
iDuch deception it prucliced leRpcctin); it. A subtunec called ([ela- 
tine, very interior in point of value, is most (requenily substiluted lur 
it. To OFtermine (he purity of binglaiu, place a few ihreads of it lo 
cold water, a few more in boiling water, and, again, « few in vinegar. 
In colli wAter. pure Uln|[la>s swells and becoriiM fofi. white, and 
opaque: k'''"'"'^- ■>■■ 'he conirHry. is transparent and gluu-Iike, In 
hoi water, isinjtiass it disoulverl with little or no reaiduuni: j^clatine 
leaves a considerable deposit. In vinegar, isinglass swells up into a 
jrtly, and all trace of iti structure is soon dairoycd; while gelatine 
hiitilrii't. ami mains It* form. 

Isinglaaa Gluc.—'Oiie ounce of Itinitlass. gin. or spirits of wine. 
Dl»olve the isinglass near Ihc fire, in Ihe sin or spjiits o[ wine, in a 
i,mal! vial; when required for use to mend broken gUss, <k.. set the 
viiii in warm water till the eonient* melt, and apply the glue to the 
edges of the broken pitec with a camElVhair tiru»h. 

Itch — to cure.— To cure a hontc aflecieil with iich. Grsi reduce his 
daily allowance «( [uod, putttnK him on low ditt and then give him a 
iea*poanluI of a mixture of equal p.irts of sulphur and antimooy. and 
al (he end of a week or icn days the soiri w^ll have diiiappcBrcil. and 
Ihe hur»c will be covernl n iih ii lm■^ coat of new hair. 

Ivory (Artificial J.— The invcnlor. Mr. Murquardl. dieaotvrs two 

Sounds uf pure rubber in ihirty-lwu pounds of chlorofortn. and 
ere upon saturate* the solution viin a current of ammonia 
ica*. When the rubber has been completely bleached, (he ad- 
miMiion ■<( ilie gM W imeintpled. and the roaiwia tranafcrrcd into 
a vessel provided with a stirrer, in which It is washed with 
hot water until the bleaching agent has bc«o entirely removed. 
Durin;; this operation, the tcmpcraiutc may Im! increased to one hun- 
dred and fifty-eight degrees Fahrenheit. In onlcr to evaporate the 
chloroiorm, which, by conducting it into an apparatus of eunden 
■ion, may again be made ute ol. The remaining product forms _ ^ 
kind of Iroih. which, being pressed out, dried, and again treated with 
a small qtitintilyof chloroform. Is finally obtained a* a conxiAenl 
patte. The paste is now mixed with a sufficient quantity of finely 
pulverized phuspbiiie uf lime, or carbonate of linc. tmtil it assume* 



U'/f.ir i-:i-F,ifV ftxp. suoff/./i A'xon'. 

'fla'appcanincF »f moiat flour. In Uiii irondlijoii it U ptctaeil in hni 
mold*, which It leavcK xufficienlly bNRt to be lurn«d, ]tUneU. filed, 
uid band. III oflcr ici iniltatr ii>rAl». jiciirlB. enamels, burd woods, 
cic. it is iiniy nri'p»iHry in mix ihr pHMv wiili iho <lc«imd color* pre- 
si«u»ly lo iti Iwini; compitsseil. 

Ivory Orounents— to cImui. — To clean Ivory nrnamcnu, nib ibera 
irrll with fmh liullrr — i. c. wlUtout (alt— and ]iul Ihrm In t)>r "un* 
nhiiip. I)i«('»l<'rri1 iviity may be wUtened by nibbini; it niih a ptatt 
comprised •>( burned pumice atooe and waler. and then place it under i 
glaa* in the mn. ' 

Ivt. / Etching Fluid. — Take dilute sulphuric acid. dIJuie muriallc 
Mid, ri|u>il piriii; nili. Fc>i eichinic varnikh lake white wax. (wo 
l>ari<i: iciits ■>( iiiu«iii-. ivni piiitBi uiin, 

Irory^to gild. — ttnmctsi: ii in n solution of niiru-muriAic of gold, 
and then rupow ii tu hydrogen gu while damp. Wwh ii afterward 
In clean watci. 

Ivory — to polish. — Remove any scratches t^r (lie murks that in»y 
too proBent with Guely pulvrriied pumice »toiic. ml•i^lc^l-d with waler. 
Then w»*h Ihe ivory and polish with prepare<l chulk, applied moisi 
upon a piece ■>( chamois leather, rubbing quickly. 

Ivory — to allvcr. — Pound a umall piece of nimle of silver in 
mortal, add Mil water toil, mix Ihem well tOR«thor, and keep in rial 
for use. When you wish lu »ilvet any article, launerse it in (hi* 
solution, let ft remain (ill it (utiis of a deep yellow [ (hen place It In 
dear water, and cxpoac li to (he rnys of the naa. If you wish (n 
dejiklurea flin>Te. nani« or cipher on your Ivory, dip a camel's-hiiir 
pcnril in the snluliiin. and draw U>e subject on lh« ivory. After it har 
turned a deep yellow, wash It w«Il wiih waler, and place it in the 
mnihine. occasionally welting It with pure water. In a short lime 
ii will turn of a deep black color, which, If well rubbed, will rhinje 
to a brill Jam silver. 

Ivory — to aoftcn.— In three ounees spirils of niler and liliccn 
ounces of spring water, mixed together, put your ivory to sogik, and 
in three or four days it will obey your fingers. 

Ivory— M whiten. — Slake •omc linie in water, put your ivory In 
^_ Ibe waler. allri being decanted from (he grounds; boil il till it looka 
^^h ijailc while. To poliih it afterward, scl it in the turner's wheel; 
^F and. after having worked, take brushes and pumice.sioncs. subtle 
P powder, wilh waler. rob ii illl It toolct perfectly smooth. Next la 

L Ihai, heal il liy turning it ■itaiiisi » piece of linen or sheep-slfin lealhcr. 

^^L aivd when hoE. rub il over with n little dry whiting diluted in oil of 
^^M olive: ihen with n little dry whiting alone: linally with a piece of 
^H soft while rag. When all this is performed at dirccied. the Ii'wjrwilt 
^^M look very while. 

^^^ 'l*?*? — '"^ blttacb.— 1'ake two hanJfuls of lime, shake it by sprrnk* 

^^H Ung'it with waler; then add three pints of wuier. iinil stir the whole 
^^P (ogtlhcr: )ei it settle (en minutes, and pour Ihe waler inio a pan for 
t your purpose. Then lake your Ivory and Bleep i( in ihe lim*-watM 



ff//^ r F.f'F./tV O.VK SHOULD KMOiV. 



mV 



tor Iweniy-fuur hours, aflrt whtdi. Imil it hi ii stronic i^uTn-u-Htct 
one hour, nnd dry ii tii Ihe ait. 

Itj lEngliah) — Ircatinent of. — The line of ihe EoKlInh ivy ciiiinot 
tw tui> tilti>i)){ly icctXTiiiiriidcil »» m ilrrorHiion in Our roomH during tbc 
winter seastiD. A WAy iioIemI Tor ihc bc^uiy mid fmhiii^si of her 
Ivies wait asked (he iccrct of her success, which was simply pulling h 
cmnti piece al beefsteak ai ihc roots of the plants every spring and 
fHll. It ii4 Hlao »aid that to tiKhily rub each leaf ixi both Mtle« with 
sweet oil will preserve h (tcfth, viitoroua appciusiirc 'if ivies, in apile 
of furnace heat and gas. usually tto tnjuriiius lu all house plants. 
ThcRC simple measUPes arc well worth trying. 

Ivy Poisoning — cure for.— Bathe the parts aireried with »w«ei 
spirits of niter. If Ihc 1>!isters are Ixokrn ho Ihiil Ihe niter tie allowed 
to penetrate the cuticle, mure than a siiifcle application is rarely nec- 
esiary, and even where it Is only applied to lie surface of the skin 
Ihref or liiur time* a day. there is rarely a trace of Ihe p lisiMi Icit 
next in'.iminK. 

Jftmoic* Rum. — Pure spirits, one gallon; on« quart of the kind of 
rum yi'ii wi'ih to imitate, oac-elgblh ounce oil of caraway— is enough 
lor six gullun«. Color to gull. 

Jam (Raspbiirry).- Allow a pound of sv^ar to a pound of fruit, 
mH)ih the raspberries, and put them, with the sugar. Into your 
preservJiiK keltic. Roil it ftlowly for an hour, sklmmlnf; it well, 
Tie it up with brandy pitper, All jamit ate made in Ihc same 
manner. 

Jm«— to deanie the iuMde ot— This ran be done tn a few min- 
utes by rillini- the jart with hoi nralcr (tl need not he icaldin): hot), 
and then slirriiijc i" a ieii4{ii»iiiful <ir mine of babiUK soda. Shake 
well, then empty th<; jar al unco, and if any of Ihe former odor re- 
mains about it, fill again with water and soda, shake well, and rinse 
out in colli uatcr. 

Jars — covering; for. ^ — .\ )(Ood waterproof paper (or cavcrin|{ )Ar« 
Used ill prrtrrv liiK. -li , may lie made hy linishinit over the paper 
with biiiU'd iinscc'l <>il. >iid suB|>en<linK it 'iver a lin? until dry. 

Japanning— for old trajr*.- First clean ilic old iraji ihoroughly 
with Boap and water and .1 little roiten-stonc, then dry them hy wiji- 
iritt Kiid I'xpiitiire nl Ihr f:n:-: next go. tome good copal vatniHh, nlix 
i with some bronie ("noK-r. anil n|>{i1y thik niih a bm«h In Ihe de- 
nuded parts: after nliich. ict the trays in an oven al a hcnl of two 
hundrctl and iwclve ilci;re« nt three hundred Jegreci. until the 
VAcnisb ii- dry. '1 vin nun wtl! make old trafx ci^uat 10 new. 

Japanese Lacquer.— J*is»ncBi-- lacquer hi miulc «* ('iIIhwb: Mcll 
fidy pounds nf N;iiil<-". iihjihfillum anil ciiffil [munds of dark guni 
anime; boil fur about two houn in Inclvc Kallvns of tinst-ed oil; add 
this to Ihc other, and add dryers. Boil for about two hours: or until 
Ihe inwi», when cooled, may be rolled into little pellets. Withdraw 
Ihe heat, and Ibiu down with Uxiny Kalluna o( ttui>catiric, UuiIdh 



m/^T RySKV ONE St/OUl.l> A'iVOH'. 

ihc boiling the mus must be consUnlly stirrfl lo prcvrnt boiling 
orcr. 

Japan Drier* iScvcr*!).— !, Take llniicril oil. one ic&tldn; jiul liito li 
Rum shcllni:. ihii;cs|UAiirr» u( a (lounil: lilhAiKr nnil buoicil Tnrltev 
umber, cadi one-halt pound; reit IfbiI. one-hiiK pound; aucuT of lead, 
nine ODOCCL Doil In the oil till all are dissulved. irhich n-Ml require 
alMiut [oiir houn; rccnoTc (rom the lire, and stir in uplrit* nl tuipcn- 
linc, one K'IH"". and It i> done. 

3. LiiiMcd oil. live Kulluns: add red lead and Iltharj^ each, ikree 
and a half pouocls; raw umber, one and a quurler poun(l»; sugar <tt 
tend and vulphale of tirx. each one-half pound; pulveiile all (hie arti> 
rlet together, and lioll In ihr ull illl diMolred; mlien a little raol, thin 
iritb turpentine, tin K>>lIi>nS' 

3. LInaced oil. tour Kallons; red lead and umber, of each, eight 
OluiMi: sulphate of (inc. four ounrei; su^r of teuil. (our ounce*. 
Boll until it will scorch a feather, when ii ii ready for um. 

4. Kut or tinsred 'lil. onir Kallon; liihatKe. twelve ounreft; linear of 
leaid and while vilri'jl.ol euih, one omKr: alminer and skim until a 
petllclc (otms; cool, and «hcn sellled, decant the clear. 

J. Oil, one Kallnn; litharge, twelve 10 ilxicen otincct; as l&tt. 

6, Old nut OT llBiir«d oil, one pint; litharge, three ounces: mix. 
Asiiaie <iccasionaUy fi>r ten ilHfk. then decani the ctcur. 

■}. Nut oil and water, of each, two pound*: while vltriul, two 
ouocct; boil to dryness. 

5. Mix nil wiih powdered snow or ke, and keep It fett two montha 
without ihawinic. 

Jaundice— to eore.^ Red iodide of mertury, leven grains: iodide 
of pniastium. nine groins: distilled KBter, one ounte; tnix. C«ni> 
fflence by giving six drops three at four liincs a day. incteasiriK one 
drop a day until twelve or fifteen drop* are Kivcn ai a du»e. Give in 
a tittle water, immedinlcly aflct meal*. If il cauHe^ a griping sensa- 
tion in the bowels, and fullneM in ihe head, when you get up lo 
twelve ni lificen drops, go back lo six drops, and Up again a* before. 

Javelle Water— to mike.— Take tiro pound* waiihlng fo<U and 
two |tciund>i chionde <.>f lime, place them in a hot tilone jar, and pour 
ui*er them iwo gallon* of boiling water, then place over It a thick 
cloth and B board with a clone upon it- Lei il stand twenty- 
tour hour*, tllrrlng two or three limes. When guile rlcni. Mioin it 
through bed-licking 01 thick flannel, rini^lng out immediately to save 
the doth. Then bottle for fulutc u*c, 

Jarelle Water— uMi of. — Javelle water Is exeelleni to remova 
frail and rcgctabic stains, and perhaps some others, but aralla nMh- 
Ing with ink and iron rust. Il is intcni>ely slknllnc, ami therefore it 
aUrds acids principally. A li.ilf pint In three or (our pails of boiling 
water witl whiten tableclolhs beaulifully. Any Hmall article that I* 
to be ihorongblv Itcaied should be washed and boiled find, then ii 
may be dipped In the javelle walei; let Ii stand ihrcc or more mln- 
uln, wati^hing il very cl«i«ly. and removing It (he tnomeni llie slain 



WHAT Et'£/iY O.Vf- SHOULD KNOW. 



K4> 



dlsappeu*. If thetc i« yci a Uini outline if (he iialn. Ihni will oficn 
come out in ilic «ub»eqiicnl ircaiment. Do noi lei ihrfuhric be in 
mure Ihsn twn initiulrs. iis ihcre i* ii«k <>l diBUripiiiiiifiK ii. Then 
throw it into the hot water; let it stand a (cw miiiulcs; rinse ihor- 
'iitehly in two (11 three wnicri. and hnng to dry in the nin. Do not 
Icl A (imp i>( il r.ilJ upcin colored ftolh, and if It fnlU upon niiy dry 
cloih. wwili (>(it inimcditklely or ii may rnx a hole. Do not keep the 
hands in il lonic- "ly half an hour, or it will miiuvc the cuticle- 
Jelly ~(Old>H»luoiied Apple). — Take twenty larKc Juicy apples, 
pare and chop; pul into a jar with Ihc rind (yellow part) of (our larKa 1 
IcrnonH poured thin and cut in hiu; cnvcr [he jar cfo»e!y niii] trel in a 
pot ol bollins wnlor; keep ihc water biiilinii all aiound it until the 
apples are dissolved; strain ihrouith a jelly hag. and mix with the 
liiiuid the juice ol the (our lemons; to one pint o( miied joiec one 
pnun<t of KUKar: put in the keiilc. and vhen the tugnr ■■ melted let it 
on the flie, Hnil boil and tikim about twenty minulci', or until it ia a 
thick, Tine ji-ily. 

Jelly— (Crab Apple). — Cut out the eyei and stalks of ihe appica; 
ve ihrm and put in a preserving kettle with enough water to pre- 
vent tiurnlng. Cook until soft; then tlraln th(nai;h a tievc, and 
afterward thruu^h a muilin has: to every pound ol juice allow one 
and onc^uarier pounds of sugar. Boil gently for twenty minute*. 

telly — (Cianberrj). — Make a very alcong IsingtaM jelly. When 
coUt, inijt it wrih n douhle quantity o( cranberry juiec. Swetrten and 
boil it up; then strain it into » Bhape, The auj;ar must be good loaf, 
or the jelly will not be clear. 

Jellies— irithout fruit. — To one pint of water put one-fnimh of kd 
ounce of nliiin; Imll itminutcnr two; then add (our pounds of white 
Kugar; continue the builitii: ii litllc; strain while hot; and, when cold 

tiut in hall a twenty-live cent bottle of extract <A vanilla, strawberty, 
cmon, or any other flaror you desire (or jelly. 

Jelly lLemon).''lxlnglast.. two ounces; water, one quart; boil; add 
fiigui. one pouiiij; clarify; and, whvn neatly cold, add the juice of 
live lemons, and the grulvd yvtlow rinds of lwi> orunKCS and two 
lemons; mix well, slriiin oOf the peel, and put it into f;lastea or bot- 
lle*. 

Jelly (HATtsham). — [lanshorn, one pound; water, one gallon: 
perl oK two lemons; boll over a )renlle fire till »uin Hen tly thick; 
slriiin and add loaf sugar, one-half pound; whites of ten eggs beaten 
lo ,■•. froth; juice of six lemons; mix well together, then bottle. 

Jelly tlsinglass). — Put fot:r ounces liinnlass and ini:> ounces 
cluve?. into one; g^llcn water, boil it clown to hxll a |["Ili>n; »(rain il 
upiiii f'lur t>oii"d3 of loitl BUKar; add. while cooling a little wine; 
then bottle. 

Jelly (Applet— Erom cid«r. — Take of apple mice, straEned, tour 
pounds, Mi^-ir, two poundt; boil to a jelly, and bottle. 

Jelly 1 Gooseberry). — Sugur. lour pounds; waicr, two pounda; bcil 
lugcihet; it will be nearly solid when cohl; to this ayrap, add ui 



•44 f*'ff'i f tlVP.RV OVE SHOULD KJ^OtV. 

e(]UKl weight ol goaselicTrr juice; git'c it n (bon boil, cool. rhM 
p»i it. 

Jelly (Currant). — Take (he Juire of red currams, and IimJ *u^r, 
equnl iguaniiiits; boil unil slir senlly (or llircc hours; put it tola 
gluacs: ami in three days it will concenltate into b firm jelly. 

Jelly <Ta.pioc«l. — Wash eight ounces of tiiplaca well; then Kwkia 
(1111' )ci>l'<"i <iVHh wAier, fire or >lx hnun: nild (he pecli of ciKhl 
Icm'>ii), iitxl >c( hII <>i< 1(1 heat; ilminrr till clear; luld Ihc juice of lh« 
ej)(hi lpmo[l^ wilh \\\ne and sujKar to lustc; theo bottle. 

Jelly iBlaekbeny). — This preparation of the blackberry i« more 
>4treeablc than the jam. as ihe seeds, though very whcilaome. are 
nul igrcGuble tuati. It 1* mailc In the lame way as ciuraiit jcllv; 
but the fruit is to »wcei IhBi il only re^iuite* hiilf the wei)[lil of the 
jaice In f ugar. 

Jellj <Wiiic],— Take one pint of water and three ounce* islnglAM. 
one and one-fourth sugar, the juice ol t»o lemons and dl«s«lve that 
and let il coine tti a boil, thru add wine, binnijy »nd npice to your 
tasic, and itniin il through a cotton or flaiiiiel cloth and put it In 
molds lu cool. 

Jelly (Quince}.— Slice the igulnccs without paring; put inici a pre- 
scrvinic buttle ncid just cover with wain; put over the Are unit biiil 
unlit >"ll: remove lr(>in Ihe Move »nd alruiu iill ihe liquor; to evctv 

Klloii allow lour pound) ot while tiugar, and boil very fast unlJl II 
come* a. stiff jelty- 

Jelliet— to keep frommolding.—If the pnpci which l« put ova 
Jelly be dipped in the while of an ettit. it will when itr^' be litcht nnd 
firm, and keep the fruit fr^in mi'ldini; with riiuch more cvnainty than 
if it isdipped in alcohol or brandy. The paper which is laid next 
the fruit IS iDcaat. noi that which i* lied or pasted over the iflaM. 
Jcltiea should he rcivercd with finely pulvcriied tugar when put 
away, to prevent in'ildint;. 

Jeweler's Rouge— for cleaning plale, jewelry, etc.— Take green 
vitriol, diMolve il in waicr; then bv dcgiecs .idd carbonate of *oda 
(uied in wAihing); a powder will tall, which U one kind of rouite. 
It (.hould be w.tdied in wairr, and afterward dried. Another kind il 
made by piiilinjc ci'ceii viirinl in n ciucible, and making ii red-hot. ' 
in which state il may be kept for a quarter of an hour, tn the l^rxt 
caie. carbonate of iron will be left; in the lost caic, an oxide ot ' 
Iroa, A KiDall box made of a piece of ihcct Iron will answer the - 
purpcwcol a crucible for making the jirern viuiol rvd-hol, Great) 
care i» requisite in waatiing. The water should be Aoated off th 

ewder. to that all f^it may br removed, and this operation shouli 
repeated until the powder is perfecilv Imp.-ilpahle. 
Jewalfy (Cilt>— to cIcba,— Take hnlj a pint ot boiUng water, or . 
little leao. and put it into a clean oil.tlask. To lhi« add one ounce of 
cyaniilc of uoiaMiuni, shake the flask, nnd the cyanide will disMilve. 
When the liauid is cold, odd half a fluid ounce of liquor ammonia, 
•lid one floia ounce of rectified alcobol. Shake the mixture (ogethcTi 



WHAT F.VRRV ONR SIIOVLD KNOW. 



s*l 



axiA ii wili be rradir ^'it us«. All kinds of k"' 'irlidr*. which have 
becomcr (liicolotCTt. may be tendered briKhi liy bruahin); ihem with 
the nbnvc-mcnlionrd liquid. 

J*W*lf7— to cirwi. — I. The iilmplcti nnd bcsr mrihod III ckjolnn 
goTil jewelrj' is by ivushinK nilh lopiil waier and Tiae duup. tu which 
u few diops o( ammonia hiu been added. Rinse ufl with clear water, 
and lay In Cne hard-wood ibavings. ur diy polish with ehamol* 
■kin. 

I, Wiuh In sOHp sud-t: rinse in ililtitcd alcohol, and lay in a box r>\ 
dry MBwduil to dry. Al simjile ils tlliit sremf. it is the very nicest 
way pu»ibte lo clean gold chains or orniitnents of any kind. 

Jockey Club— to make.~SpJrili of witic, Ave galloni, onmne- 
Ho<r«c .laler. one KAlInn. buluim nf Peru, (our ounces. cMcnce of 
bertrMDiol. eiiihl ounces, essence of tnuitk, ciehl oumes. csscikc of 
cloves, four ouncei. eisence "f nctoli. tw<i ounces; mln ihoiuughly. 
Johnny Cake (Superior).— Two epK'. one half cup of molnste*, 
onC'hnlf cup of *ui;'"i oiic pint of hultcrmilk. one-half cup »( bullel, 
one (OMpoonful of soda, line leonpoonful of in! l. one (r-aS|H>i>nful uf 
{[round atlspin. and make a bntlcr with iivo-ihirds nic^l and ooc- 
tillrd flour. To be ealen warm. 

Jnlep (Hint).— One iable*poon(ul of nhilc pulveriicd migar, Iwo 
and one-half labLctipoonfuls vaicr; mix well with a apoun. Take 
threcor lour sprig* of (rcih mini. jiri>.mhrm well in Ihe siiijar iind 
water, add one and unc-balf uine glasses of CoKnac brandy, and fiU 
Ihe Rlass nith shaved ice. (hen draw uul the spriKs of mini, and in- 
Rcri Ihem In the Ice wllh Ihe Kcm* downward, lo ibni the le-jves 
win be above in the tdiape ol a bouquet; niiatiKc brirics and small 
pioGoa of sliced orannc on top in a tMly tnunner. dnsh with Jamaic.i 
mm. and sprinkle sufjur on top, Sip with a glass tube or tlraw. 

Jujubes, or Gum Pastilles. — InL-rcdicms: One pound of picked 
Rum arable, fourteen ounces of the nnci^i >Uf[ar, pounded and «ifird, 
cinc-half kIII nf double ocan^e flower water, and oitr giini Icpid nuler 
to »oh1e the Kum in. which Is aftcrwurd In l>c sltained nfl clean. I'ut 
Ihe Muakcd and slrliiiiod Kum ititn u sut^r boiler with (he su^ar. and 
use a clean spoon lo siir ii over a very mudcrale fire, while it boiln 
and reduces to the small pearl dcKicc; Ihen add the «ranj{c flower 
wdiei; iiir all logclhcr on ihr lire; remove rhe preparaiion from the 
■love; skim off the fioih, and u»e Ibc mixlure lucasilbe jujubes in 
leveled layers of slarch jiowder comaincd in a Hal box. 

Jujut«.— SfaMjii Liniiiii.i:. — InRredienn: One pound of picked 
gDtn arable, fourteen ounces of lugar. and two ounces S|Ki(iith licii. 
lice dU«olved Id a Kill of hoi wjMcr, and uricrward sliainrd clean. 
First prepare Ihejcum and boil it wlib sUK-iTuidiretieii in the preced- 
ing article, and when reduced by boiling tu the sirall pearl decree, 
incorporate the prepared Spanish licorice with ii; lemovc the tic-im 
from ihe surface, and finish the jujubes lo the cnaiincr indicalnl 
above. 

Ra»pBBKkv.— In([TcdJartl*: One pound uf picked gum aratuc soaked 



>46 



WHAT EVF.ltY ONE S/10UIJ> KNOW. 



In one pint o( hoi v«ier »nil aftrrwArd sindned, founeea ounce* at 
suKar. one riII of filtcml rutplierry juice, »n<l a few drop* of coch- 
inciU. Proceed ai in Ihc foregoing euc, adding Ihe rii»pl>etry and 
coiurinx l»it. 

Bl.^CK Ci: It RANTS.— Proceed In all reepcrtH as indimled for ni*p. 
bcTi^' juiulws. omiltinfc ihe cochineal, bUck cutia.nt juice bcin^ lucfL 

Rmi CtHKANT. — The »ame as lilack cutrani jujubes, red currant 
juice ticinjc used, and a few drops »E cochineal. 

Okiiisarv. — Incredlenis: One pound of gu.n arsbic soaked in one 
pint of lioi vale r and afterward strained, fourteen ounceti of migar, 
one-hall an ounce of nsence of roues, and a few drops of prepanid 
cochineal. T.ct Ihe mixture be prepared us for other jujuhcs. but In- 
Blead of caitinic tbcm In impfcsslont made In siarch powder, when 
the preparation t» redely, pour It into a very dean, smooth -I i nned tiak- 
intt sheet it> the depth of n c|uiirlcr of un inch. Hnd set ti 10 dry in the 
screen, or hoi cUiset (moderate heat): when sufficiently dried, so that 
on prcuting Ihc snrfacc It proves somewhat elastic In the touch, re- 
move it from llie heal, and allow it u> become cold; the «hcel of 
iujulw may llien be «Mlly detached, and is to be cut up with sciKsorv 
In the fhapc of diamonds, 

ICalsominiatE.— Eight pounds of whltinj; and one-quarter of a 
pound ul white |{iuc make the rifihl proporiions. Soak ihi^ Khir over 
nl^ht In cold wHicr. HHd in Ihc mnrnlnK Ileal ll till gierlrrily disiolvcd. 
Mix the whillntt with hot water; stir Ihe iwn ih'irouj^hly toK«ihei, 
and iittve the wash of Ihc con.ilBiency ol ihicli cream. Apply warm 
with a IcaUomlne brush, brushing il well In nnd linishlnK as you go 
on. If wtirm »kim milk Is used initcad of whliinu. ihc glue may lie 
omilled. licfurc the wA«h isiippllcd. all crevicce and holes should 
be stopped wlih pinslci id Paris mixed with water. If it is dcsiralile 
10 tint the waIIs, colors may beproiured 31 any paint store nnd stirred 
into the kaliomine wash. If whilenuh has been used upon the wall 
it muv lie Miiijieil olT before the kaUumlne in u<te<]. 

K«l90mine iSilTcr Polish ),— Take seven pounds of Paris while 
and n ijunner ol a pound of light-colored glue. Set the glue In a lin 
veHcl coniniiilng three pints of water : let it stand over night to souk; 
then put il in a hetllr of liolllng water over the die. Mining llll il Is 
well diasolvcd nnd c|Uite thin Then, after putting Ihe Paris while 
Into n larse water pail. ]">ur on hoi water and silr till it appears like 
thick milli. .Vow mingle the glue liquid with Ihe whiiing stir It 
lliuronghly nnd apply with a whitewash brush or a large pamt brush. 

Kctnairon ( Lyon ■), — To eight ounccf, of eighty per cent, alcoliol, 
colored yellow by it Few drops cxtrael of aiinallo. add two ounce* ol 
Ca*tor oil, and pcrlume with n Irtllc berjcnmol. 

Kerosene Fues.— It ought to be more generally known that wheal 
flout i? pioliably Ihc best possible article to throw over a Are caused 
by the spill'iiK nnd igtiiiirg of kerosene. Il ought to be known, be- 
cause Hour is alnays within contcnieni reach. 

Kerosene Stains— to remore, — Covet kerosene stains with Indian 



WHAT BVBRY O.VE SHOULD KXOiV. 



Ul 



'ijGit. nnd «hcn ihc oil striken through, remove and put on (re«Ti; re- 
pnt thU until Ihc nil i.i icmovcd. 

Kettle (Iron) to deftn. — Some one Mil* h»w in cIcaiisc k new iron 
Lelllc Mine »'.is « wniict '■( (Icflpuir to rjif uiili) I was udviscJ t'l 
boil skim uiJIli in ii and ilicn wisb in i^od soap suili. I bad my 
milk man brinK ni« six auaiis of skim milk, which t hoilcd and nlm- 
mcred in my cight-quarl kelilc for i wen ly-four hours. The kciite wna 
Blade ■month anil clean, and ha« tiivcn me no trouble since. 

Kettleft~ta clewi. — A Ruiii way (o cIcAn the inside ot pois and 
pant i% to fill them with vraier in which a few ouncn of vfashinjc toda 
{•dluolvcd, and icl them on Ihc fire. Let the water boil until the 
initide of the pot looks clciin. 

Keys—how to fit into locks. — When it ia nut <onvcnienl to take 
locks apart in Ille event of keys beint; lost, stolen, or misunc, when 
you wish lo lil a new key. take a lighted match or candle an? smoke 
the ncv key in the flame, introduce it carefully into the keyhole, 
pt«M it firmly HKainit the opposinj; wanlft of the toek, withdraw it. 
and the imieniiition)) in ilic Mnokvd part of tlie key will show you «x- 
eclly where to file, 

Kid BooM— lo soften. — Melt a quarter of a pound of tallow, then 
pour it into a jar, and add to it Ihesamc Height of olive oil; tillr. nnd 
let it stand till cold; apply a small quantity occiuionHlty with ii piece 
of fliinncL Should (heb^lslK vctj' ditty, clcnnse with warm water. 
It will !iuften .iny leather. 

Kid Boots— to dean. — A mixture of oil and ink is good to clean 
kid boots with; the lirst softens and (he latter blacken* them. 

Kid Glove*— to deAD, — i. Make a strong Ulhrr with curd soap 
and warm water, in which steep a small piece of new flannel. Place 
the glove on n lUt unvielduig surface— such as the bottom of a dUh — 
and having (hof'-u^hiy soaped Ihc flannel (when squeeied from ihc 
lalbeO, rub the glove lill all diri be tcniuvcU. defining and resoaping 
the flannel from timelolinie. Csre must be taken to omit no part 
of (he gloTc, by lurning the fingers, etc. The gloves must be dried 
in the sun, oc before a moderate lire, and will present (he appcariince 
of old parchment. When quite dry, (hey must be gradually pulled 
out. and will look new. 

3. Get of » drugKiHt two ounces of hrntine. and a sm^ill quantity 
of powdered loapslone or, »s It is called at glove stores. ' Pans glove 
powder." With a sponge or flannel doth apply the lieoiinc to ilie 
glove (while on the hand) tightly and evenly, nnd let Ihr glore tc- 
main on ihehand lill dry. (four or five minutes). Pin it op where the 
sun Kill shine upon It; and in Kbnut half an h>>ur take the Kluve 
down, pull it out by taking each finger separately, bi>Iding the wrii-l 
In one hand. Then apply the glove powder inside and outside, rub- 
bing vc(y hard on (he outalde. If thi* be done according to direc- 
tions, the glove will look aa well m new, 

Kid Clores— to reitore.— Saturate a piece of cotton cloth irlth 
ai|ua aoMnoniji, wring at, dry as possible, and wrap the gloves closely 



3j8 WtMT EVERY O.VE SlfOfl.n k-XOM'. 

ih«idn: roll in another dry floih. luid let the |,'t"i'C" lt>«n remain fnr 
Iwcnly-louT hnim. M (he expimiinn ol wliicb time (hey ■hauM be 
(ully tcsiorcd. The writet wn* loM to dllule the nmmnnU wllli 
watci, bul luund the solution m>[ sulficlcnity t^lroiij;. mill 1 wntild ail- 
vlte [his «i-«k{-iiinK •■! Ilif aininoni» ticforr Iryiiiu ilir (nil »lrriij(!h, 
Kid Glove*— to Wkah. — Hare reiuly u liiilc new milk in one 
itaucrr, and a piece nf brovn >i>ap in another, and a clean cloih or 
loH-el. folded three or four timet On ibc cloth ipread out the glove 
smooth and neu. Tnlcc a piece of flannel. di]> It In the milk, then 
rub oft tt |t(H)d i|uan(ity nf nonp lo the wet nHnncl. unci commence to 
rul> iho tiVivn duwnvrurd toward the llnKcrH, hiildini; It ftrmljr viih 
the left hnad. Continue thU proccsa unlit the Ktove, If white, look* 
of a dingv yellow, though clean; if colored, till it look* dark and 
ipbllcd. l.H)' It l« dry. nnd the operator will »oon be grallfied to *ce 
Ihai the "Id Kliivr* loolc nearly new, They will l>c Baft, nloMf. 
sinooih. »iiil cliiiiit. 

Kid (WhiteHtO color blMk. — White kid may be eaaijy colored 
black, purple, or Hloc. wiih a solution of nnepart extract logwocid 
and three pant brandy. Apply with a nponneand rub until thoroughly 
drv, ami riibMiiK the hiindt loKether ro ax to toften the kIovcb. 

kid Slippers (WhJIeV~lo clean. — To clean whitr kid tlipiicnt wet 
a meci? of <-,iii['>n flannel in Lrcniine, rub the atippcr with it. repeating 
thi» uniil the illpper i« ticin. 

Kindling* — tio* ^O make.— To make a handy and cheap kindling, 
take H i|tu>[t nf tur ami thirc pound* of resin: mcll them: then rooi, 
mix a« much siiwduM, with a tittle charcoal nilded, us cun be worked 
in. SprcatI out on a l>oan). and when cold break up into lumpi the 
liie ola large hkkorynut. and you will have enough kindling to lost 
a year. They readily ignite with a match, and burn with a stroltg 
bluir Ioiib; enouRh to kindle aoy wood that la (It to buni. 

Kins CakM. — The following i* from a cook-book over two huii> 
dred vcan old; " Take a pound of flour, three-quarlcn of a pound 
of huiier. half a pound of lugar. and half a pound of currants, well 
cleanRcd; rub your butter well Into your Hour, and put In at many 
yolk* of e^gi as wilt lithe Ihcm; Ihei) put in your *ug«r. cu^rflm^, and 
ahred in as much mace a.i uitl k\vc them a loMe: *o make them tip 
in little round cake*, and butter the paper you lay them on.'" 

Kiises. ~Flve oumres ol sugar, three eicgs, six ounces of flour. 
plnrh of •■t\\\: ['> be dropped and sugar sprinkled on Wure baking, 

Knickerbocker, — lniircdienl»: (>ne-'|UHrier pint madr-up lemon- 
water ice, one-halt pint of Madctiii wine, one pint ol iced sellier 
water. Mix these together in a china bowl, and drink from ijidjses. 
As Maderlala loopre:lous to be wasted, one-half pint o( siicriy nlll 
be found areiTgood ful»tltuie in the present recipe. 

Knitted Woolen Shawl— to waih. — ConKidentble difSi-utty ii 
often found in washing knitted wni>lcn shawls. The following di* 
rections, if slilcily attended to. will be found to answer; The shawl 
tbould be washed in water a little mure than lukewarm, in which a 




WHAT EfEKY OXK SffOUl.V AWOW. 



249 



piece of while toap has bceii boiled and well mjxcil. Wash Ii in two 
WKlrrt. nnil. In rln»[n|t, u*e hli» water n llltic n^ove lukEWaim, so at, 
l» Itrt'l) the |iiiie« nf the w<i»l Ofirn Hml A\i,cl>ainr nil (he Hnnp; for, il 
lliis [1 no! <]oiie. Ilie shawl will beviiiir lliick hikI lluitJ. Thi-n. when 
th< nhawl ii well rinsul, take one and une-hulf pint uf wiirm water 
Rnd pill to it two tablespoDnfulK of diisolvcd gum arabic, which must 
be mixed well with the water. Into ihU ttuni mUlHTC dip the shawl, 
f^ueeliiiK i' lwi> "r three limes iH il. Wfinv il well a* It in (alci'n out, 
anil a^ain w^it^^ it in a elein linen cloth. l*ut il ntit quilu square on 
carpel, or n flat iurfnic. wilh a clean »hee( underoealh it. and leave It 
In this mannei lill il is ihoruuKhly dry. 

KnittliiK-AproiiB.—Uiiaiiii kiiiiiiriK-tprons e«n be tn«de of simple 
strips uf crash, wilh burilers worked in red ur blue rnibroiilery col- 
ton, or if you chooic to have a moiio stamped upon them, it may \k 
wiiibed in outline slllch. A suitable motio would be. " ToMed. and 
re-lo«seil. the h'.ill iiireunni tliri. 

Knock-Kneea— to Ctiie.~~A correBpondent says: "I commenced 
the practice of placing a iniill book between my knees, and lying a 
handkerchief light round my ankles. This I did two or three lime* 
■ day, IncrcaainK: ihc substance at every lrc»h iriitl, unlll I cuuld liuld 
a brick with ea^e brEadih-ways. When 1 first commenced this prac- 
tice I was as badly knock-kneed iU pn^iblc; but now I am as sirait[ht 
as any one. I hkewiic made It a practice ol lyirifi on my tmck In bed, 
wilh iiiv let;» cr'i«>eil mid my kitcca lixed li|[hlly to)[Glhrr. Thia, t 
bc'Iievc. did lue a ([reut deal mf ({«od." 

Knitting Tenni ExpUuned. — To Cast Om. — Make aloop in your 
thread, and place It on the needle In your left hand; when, with your 
riglil hunil needle, knii iMh Mitch, Rrpcai ihi» until the dvoiicd 
number of stitches hare been made. 

To Inckiu.ii:. — If one silich only Is lobe tncreMcd, brin; Ihe 
thread tietween the needles and knil the following Mitch. This will 
make an open »tilrh nr hole in the followinE ruw. If a eloar incica>ic 
is \" be made, pick v,)> the hiip bct'iw the next Mitch to be knitted, 
and knil il. T" iiKreatie (me siiich when the row is being seamed. 
the thread will be in from oE the needle; pans k quite round the 
needle to the from agtdn. 

To DeckkasC'^K one Milch only i> to be decreased, knil two 
stitches icigether aa one; if two stitches are To be decreased, slip one, 
knit two lOKelhcr. pass theslippcd slilch over the Iwo knil together. 

To F.WTKN Os. — Twill the two ends of thread liiifelher, andknlta 
few stitches wilh bolh, 

Ti> Pit K Up a SriiLii. — With ihe lelfhand needle pick up the loop 
bolow (he next stilch to be knitted, knit it. and past il to the other 
needle. 

To St-ir A STnrii, ia merely ti> pass a stitch from Iha loft-hand 
needle lu the lijthl-hand needle, wiihout knitting it. 

To Seau a SriTCH.— Insert Uie needle in the slitclt to be (ouned, 



aso 



XVtlAT EVKNY OAfK RilOVLD KNOW. 



irith the point loirafd <fou. Pa» Uie IhtctuI qulle rounil Ihc occdle: 
Ulcc th« ncnllc wfili the ibread nn It out ■■ llie tuck. 

To Nahkow. tnctinB knit lwi> *li(i:li«« (ojicllicr. ^ 

Ejcf!,f»-tlii-n >•/ hrpts. — Nurruw niFuis knil iw<i iliithea tugelhcc; t 
m-cr one, js umply short for threadovcr once: ihusmakinti ixn csun 
•litch; I nvcr two, two extra stJtchci: t ove-i Ihrec, three extfn 
«itche«. etc. 

Knitted L*c« (OcMuu). — Cut on »Uiccn aiitchc*. knit >cru«a 
pluin. 

FiKsr Ritw. — Three plain, t over one. nnrrow, one oT«r one, 
narrow, Ave plain, narrow, i over one. one plain, I over one. one 
plain. 

SiKXJKD. — Knit li»<lf plain. 

Third. — four plain, I ov«t oue, narrow. I oT*r one, narrow, three 
plain, nartott. 1 over one. three plain, I over one. one plain. 

ri>L'RTii.— Knit back plain. 

Fifth. — Five plain, t over one, nnitnw, I ovei one. nairow, on« 
plain, narniw, I over one. five plain. I over one. one plain. 

SixiK. — Knit back ptutn. 

SKVtvni. — Six plain, l over one, narrow, I over one. Ihtce mltchea 
lOKCther, I over ooe, narrow, live plain. I over one, one plain. 

ElGinir,— Knit back plain. 

KiNTK, — Fire plain, I over one, narrow, t over one. narrow two 
plain, t over one. nurrow, live plain. 1 over ooe, one plain. 

TusaM.— Knil bock plain, 

Elkvunth. — ^Pour plain, l over one, nallnw. I over one. nurruw, 
four plain, i over one. narrow, five plain, 1 over unt, one |ilain. 

Twi.i.FTH, — BimI off five Slilches, fitleen pl»in. 

Knitted Lace (Pariaianl — Cast on nine itlilchei, knll acrn» plain. 

Fu-ti Rni* . — Slip one. two plain. I over one, narrow, one plain, t 
over two, narrow, one plain. 

Skconi). — Two plHin, knll one loop. »e«m one loop, three plain. I 
over one. narrow, one plain. 

Tumi). — Slip ooe. two plain, I 'jver one. narrow, five plaJn. 

FiirnTii. — Seven plain. I over one. narrow, one (italn. 

FllTil, — Sliponr. two plain, t over ooe, nanow, one plain, lorer 
(WO, narrow, l rjver two, narrow. 

Sixth,— One plain, one loop plain, seam one loop, one plain, "ne 
kiop plain. Kcam one loop, three plain, t over one. niiitoit. one 
plain. 

SKVK.vrH. — Slip one. iwo plain, 1 over one. narrow, seven pUIn, 

Ct'iHiH, — Bint) nfl ihrcc, five plain. I over one, narrow, one plain. 

KHitting Lace l Normandy >.— Cat t on fifteen siiiches. 

Finer Row.— Knit clghi, narrow, thread over, knii three, tJireoil 
over, knit two. 

Skcu-vu. — Knit Iwo, thread over, knit five, thread over, narrow, 
knit Mven, 

Tkiko, — Knll fdx, narrow, thread over, knit one. namw, thread 




IVHAT EVERY ONE SHOULD KXOW. t%\ 

aT«r. kntl one. thread ovvr, nntrow, knii one. tbreitd oi'cr. kntt two. 

KoitRTH. — Kni( two. tlirrad ovti, knit one. nnirow. ibr«d<l over, 
kntl ihfct. IhrcHd over, niirroii'. kntt viw. thread over, notiow knii 
fivf. 

Fi>Tri.^Knlt four, narrow, Ihiend over, knit one. n»rruw. Ihrrad 
tynt, knii five, ihi^nil ovrr. imrrow, knii one, ibirad over, knii two. 

Sixth. — Knit iwu, thrvad over, kiill one, narruu-, thread ovcr.knii 
three, thtcad over, narrow, knii iwo, thread ovei, narrow, knit one, 
tbrc;ul over, narrow, knit three. 

SrvK-Vm. — Knit 6ve. thread over, narrow, knit one. thread over, 
narrow, knit three, natruw, (liTTitd over, knii one. narrow, thread 
over, knit one. narrow. 

El<;ilTtt. — Cut off one. knit one, Ihnod over, narrow, knit one, 
tbrcKd over, narriiiw, knit one, narrow, thread orcr, kiiit one, nar> 
raw, thread over, knit lux. 

Ninth. — Knii ncvrn, thread over, narrow, knit one. thread over, 
■lip one. narrow. pa» slipped stitch over, ihivad orct, knii one. dm- 
row. thread over, knit lii. 

Tentu.— Knii iwo, thread over, nartiwr, knit three, narrow, thread 
over, knit eight. 

Bt.EVUCTll. — Knit nine, thread over, narrow, knit on«. narruw, 
thread over, knit three. 

TwKLF'rii. — Ciisi ofl iwi, kuil oil;, Ibtead over, knii three together, 
thread over, knii ten. 

'nii<< hnishca one irallop. 

Knit L«ce (Raspberry Stltchl. — Cam on any mimtier of iiitchet 
ihLit u'iil l]F A itiuliiplr ol luur mid add iwo mure; for insunce. six- 
lecn and Iwo. or iweniy-four and iwo, 

FiUiT Row.— Purl clear across. 

Nixr>vu. — Knit ttw stitch, knii, pur!, anil knit heforr Hlipjiin); the 
Beixind slilvh. niiikini- thiec o( une. Hurl the neil three IO([clher, 
knit, purl and knit the next Ktilch. making ihree Htitches of one. I'url 
the next three together, and so repeat through the needle. 

TitiKD. — Like the first. 

FotBTli, — Knll the first, purl the next ihtn- loKOIIiet. then knit, 
purt and knii tl.e nesl brfori- MipplnK, making three siltchcs out of 
one. etc.. thus rhiineinj; the order with ihe seeond row. Remember 
nlwa)s In knit the ftrsi stiteh and ehange the order (A ihc berries, Tl 
makes the pjiiern verv simple. 

Knitted Lbcc— iWhcAt-car Edgo.— Ca«i im fiv> Miicfavs, knit 
ut(u«s plain. 

FiKM Row. — Kill iwu, thread over, knit one, thread over twice, 
seam two together. 

Surosli. — Threail over twice, seam two tonelher. knit four. 

Tiiiiii'. — Knii thiec, thread over, knit one, ihrewJ over twice, aean 
two together, 

FotiaTH. — Thread over twice, seam two together, knit tn%. 



IS* 



Jf'//^ r F.l'ElfV Oy£ SHOULD KNOW. 



FlFTH.-rKnil (ciui. thniul ovci. kiilt nn«. lhrciu](iT«r lwl(«, Hua 
two together. 

StxTii. — Thread ov*t (wic«, «e»m iwo together, knit «x. 

Suvr-Si'n. — Knil «U. thread over iwlce, neirn two together. 

Eii;iiTii, — Thitjii! 1IV1^^ twice. *rnm five ("(tflhi^r. Wnit ihr^e, 

Knitted Lace (Oak LmI Edge). — Cmm cin ten kiiichci, knit acruM 
plAin, 

frnxx R"w,— Tno plain, t over two. aeam two logciher, one 
plain. I liver two, narrow, t over two, narrow, one jilaln. 

Sf.<visii,—'r»ii plain. Unit loop pl»)n, athiti i>n«. loop, one plain, 
first loop plain, tieein une loop, one plain. I over lw'>. (mm lwi> to- 
gether, two plain. 

'riilRD.— Two plain, I over two. scam two to|[e>licr. three plait), 
t iivct two, nfirtow. t over twa, narrow, one plain. 

FottiirH. — Two plain, knit one loop, seam one loop, one plain. 
kiiil one loop, seam one loop, three pluo, I over Iwo, muB leu to* 
K«thcr, two plain. 

Kinit. — Two plain, t orer two. ncarn Iwo together. Ave plain, t 
over two. narrow, t ever two. narrow, one plain, 

Sixrii. — Two plain, knii one loop, keam one loop, one pl4un, 
knil one loop, seam one loop, five plain, c over Iwo, »eain two Io> 
gcther. Iwo plain. 

StVEMir. — Two plain, I over iwo, Mam Iwo iot[eihcr, iieven plain, 
t over Iwo, narrow, t over two. narrow, one plaiii. 

EiuHTtl. — Two plain, knil one loop, neum one loop, one pliiiii, 
knit one loop, scam one loop, seven plain, I over two, seam two to. 
gelher, iwo plain. 

Ninth. — Two pl^n, t over two, %tam iwo logeiher, fourteen 
plain. 

Tk-ytk.— Bind ol! till ten stitches remaio on needle, lire plain, t 
over two, iLedm two (ogelber. two plain. 

KaiUcd Child's Leggings. ^Onc and one-half ounce* tingle 
lephyr. any kIiwIc. C^ini •'» (ifty-six stitche». 

r IKSt R<iw.-»KBrriiw. I over one. one plain, t over one. one plain, 
slip one. narrow, draw slipped sliich over, one plain, I over one. one 
pUIn. I over one. one plain, t^tip one, knit nve siiiehes togeibcr. 
draw *>lipprd sliich over. Repeal in the end of the raw. Jusi before 
the U"! siicli in this and every other row. shoutrl always bo preceded 
by t over one. 

Seam back on the second row and oil the other even nns*. This 
pattern make* the lop of the legging, nnd consists allogelhei of six- 
teen rows. 

Kegin nt Ihc sevenleenlh row and knit Icn rib* for the leg. narrow- 
ing at each end of ci'ery other rib uriiJl there ate forty. five stilchei on 
the needle. Then divide these kiachcs. (tflccn for Ihe imicp and 
filteea each side of ihc ankle, taking the last thirty off on lull ui silk. 
Knit two ribs (or Ihe instep, and <»s\ olT. Then lake up the stitches 
a( the side. Cast on eleven for tbe toe and narrow »( the toe and 



gin 



WHAT EVBRV ONE SHOULD KNOW. s$3 

ml a[t«r koiliitig iwo ribt on the *ide of Ihe fool. Sew up Ilio le^ 

"E* - 

Knires — to cleiu). — Tube »■> rvcn ponlon i>( Aiic coal uhci und 

»odii; ntU wiili u litilr uati'r and rub yiiur kiiiv*« wiili the miiiiire 
iinlil h11 itiiinE are irmnvcd: Wiuh in IC|><<I wiilcr without iiua|i; wipe 
(Irv. anii yuur kniv» will took as btigbl ui new. 

Knives 'Silver) — care of. ^Silver, or silver-plaied knives. iJiouM 
l>c wificd with i. iluinp <.li>ih and ih(irou;{h1y dried w tioon as the meal 
lnovcr. It left (or n half hour oj »o. they nre spi to be suiined. 
CIiar(<>n1 puH'drr is ^ond f'jr polishinK kntvrt without dC81ri>yin); (he 
blades, ll is aUo a good tooth powder when finely puJvcriicd, 

Knives— care ot^To keep knives Irotn rutting, scour bright, 
wipe ibotouKhty, dry Ibctn by the lire, dust line wood a»hc« fmb 
friitn the stove plentifully over the knives on boih fides, tCHvinfc 
those whith adhere to the lilideH. wrap in a piece of violh and roll up 
in a paper, taking (arc to (old the ends of the paper so that the 
knive* are oil covered up. Now you may lay ihem sway for a yeur. 
anil nhen ynu lonk at Iheni you will not And ruMy »pol» on the tlccl 
bladcf. 

Knives Not in Um — to keep. — Without tsreat (arc. knives not in 
use will soon spoil. They are beat kept in a box in which sifted quick- 
liinc has been placed, deep enough to adtnit of the bladcn being com- 
pletely piutiKed into El. The lime muii not touch the hnndlea. which 
should be occasionally exposed to the air tu keep Ihem from turning 
yellow. 

Lace (Blacky— to dean. — i. Ptws the lace through n nam liquof 
of bullock's K'li And wMci, afterwards rinse In cold water; then 
take a bmalt piece of clue, pour boiUnic witter upon it, and SKain iiaM 
the lace Ihiuugh it; clap it with your hands, and then traine it lo 
dry. 

3. Scald some bran with boiling water, uod dip the lace up and, 
down in the liran and water when warm; and when clear, gquocis] 
the waiei oui and thskr the bran ofl. Lay it out. and pull out the 
edfceti. etc. Iron it between linen on a blanket, tio that the iron docs 
not i:'*'e it. Or if lace is dipped in cold milk, and ironed in the 
same way. it will be foond lo clean Itcoually us well. 

Lace (Gold im Silver! — to clean.— Mate rials : Pact of a Htal* loaf 
of brcJid. onc-louiih pound powder l>tue, Rub the bread fine, mix 
the blue well with it. Lay this plcnitfully on the lace, and it will soon 
become bright: then lake a piece of flannel and brush the ccuinli*^ 
welloll. After this, rub the laccgemly with apiece of criin*on veli ' 
vet. anil It will took as well as new. 

Lace<Black)— to freshen,— Lay !i on a clean table, sponge it all 
over Willi ii wcuk soliiiiun i>f borax, about a leaspoonful, or less, to a 
pint of warm water. \}ve u piece of old black siik. or blackkid glove | 
Is better, to sponge with. While tlamp, cover with a piece of black ' 
■ilk cr riiilh. aiid iron. 

Lac« — to wash. — To wash nica lu«v, b«Mc It closely on a piece «( 



as4 



WUAT EVERY O.VE SHOVID KNOW, 



A«nn«l, Kcuiing all the IJKlc )oop* and point*. I^i it toak for a Utile 
while inmuditflf pcarlineor nnexoap witha (sw dropiof ainmoalft, 
then Kluccic il aiiid Wiishit Kriitly nlth llic hands, and il not ihomujch- 
1>- clean, loalc ii a^n in (mh suils. Rinse in two or three waters, 
ami whi-n preltf dry, press on the bnrk of a flunncl wlih a hot iron. 
Ky ihlii piocciH the liiec will be fully rcxiorod. and will look like 
new. 

Lace iBUck)— to wash.— Cnrvfulljr uponije the la<e with itln, iw. 
If prelerrcd, with green lea, and Bind it round and round a iKtiilo to 
dry, as. If touched with an iron boll, it would become gtiHsy »nd Imve 
a JUltmed appearnnce. Some prrsonti fill (he boiile wiili warm wa- 
ter, whi^h cauiteii (he lace to dry ninr« quick);. Il inusl. on no ac- 
couol. be plaeed near Ihe fire, as il would loooo id color, and have a 
ntttf ^pc«ran<e. 

Lu^— to wash.— Washing: valuable lace ihouUI be a labor of love; 
[itne and puilencc aic important Tcauisite* to do it well, and i( 
comes especially wiihin the province of the i;e<i>lcwoman who pci«- 
*cMC« it. A l«ng wooden board, lay (wo yards by one. will be nec- 
VMary for deep flouncci. For nnaller piecci. one yard by half a yard 
will do. but (he larger siic Is preferable, as several piecric^in tie done 
on il ni the same time. The board mutt be covered xilh thick ll>n- 
nel. and slightly sluffed lo form a thick rushion A good supply of 
fine, long lace pins, with small, round heads, tviti be required, as well 
u an ivory punch or an ivory knit ling-needle, with a round point, a 
lohslcr's rlaw or a doff's looih. FIclorc wMshlne. the yellow siains 
somelimes observable In old lace f>ti»iikl be removed by placing the 
discolored portion on a hot iron, covered with linen moistened with a 
fiLiIutlon of oxalic acid; the lace should afterward be steeped In luke- 
warm WHter. Tepiil water cxpcU Ihc starch or silfTcnlne. hot water 
shrinks the thrend. white ci>ld wnier sets the diit. • Having well- 
(oaked the tace, wii.ih it in a lather of purett white soap and luke- 
warm water. This muii be doot with great delicacv of touch, and 
rubblnj; mu>.i not be attempted; li must b« merely datbed or patted, 
and pre*xrd helwrri) the hands Kcnlly to and fro In the water. When 
the dirt i^ well oul rinse il set«ra1 time* in lukenurm water, and if 
ar^y nitln€?is is required pass It through water just sweetened with the 
ftne»t white sugof candy. In drying, the moisttire must be cxpeUeil 
by gentle prcvNure; hand wringing must ne%'cr be resorted lo for any 
of (he finer kinds of lace. 

L«cquer tjapancse). — Japanese lacquer is made as follows; HcIC 
fifty pounds of Naples asphalium and eight pounds of dark jnim 
anlmc; bolt for about two hours In twelve gallons of linseed nil. Then 
melt twelve tiound* of (Uik gum aniber, and boll it with iwn galtona 
of linseed oil; add i)iis to the ulher, and add dryers. Boil fi>r iitionc 
two hours, or until the mass, when cooled, may be rolled into lillle 
pellets. Withdraw the heal, and thin down with Ihlllf sallons of 
turpentine. During the boiling the mass must b« constaatiy stirred 
lo prevent boiling over. 



«'//-* T EVERY ONE SilOVlJ> A'XOi^ 



Lac^n 



-fcr 



-Pui iht 



•S5 



nuncni o( »cc<]-t«c. (wti ilramt 
nroKon's blood, and one ouixe ot hinncric powder into a pint of 
w«ll-r«ctili«d spirlis. Lrt [ho whole tcmajn for loutte«n da/i. but 
ilurlnt; thai time ftgilalc ihc lioiilc once a day al tewil. When prop- 
ctly ii'inhiiiod, slntin Ihcough muslin. It U brushed over linwnrc 
whiih is imrnr!>-d in Imit.iic bcnitti, 

L&mb iReaAt). — Fry iw<.< f^ouil iVKti of pork in your spider ll! I 
criip: tut (I'ur slitM of lichi sinic bread, and chop in vouruny wiih 
the poik: Ihcn put liBCk inio ihe *pidcr wlih ihc pork lai; add a cup- 
ful i>( rkh milk. B thiid of li cream If von have it, if not, add a tahle< 
spoonful of nidtcd bulicr with llie milk, sprinkle in a Ittile aali, a 
half Icaapoonlul of black iiepper, and a heaping tablespoonful of 
powdered vage; mix all hcII together, and lei It >.tand to soak. If 
thli Is not pretty ninUt, add mnk uniM ii U to. Take the iipiiet pi>r. 
lion of a hind quarter of Iamb, dust il well »ll over with fluur, and 
uprinkle on sail with sii|;e, Puur water in the dripping pan. and lay 
in the meat with the ouiside down, put in prepared drcMfng na com- 
pactly aa poHible, lay a piece of thin linen over II, set in the oven, 
and with batting every half hour spread a little butler over as you 
bule. and bake three hours or more in ajcoodovpn; add a little flout, 
and buiior, and seasoning, lu the drippingi, and nerve with your 
meat. 

Lunbrequina (for niuitl»4liclf>— to nuikv.— Huy a piece of hcavi. 
esl burlap {Kuch a» is used for Hoor nistslhalf Ihelengthof yourvhelf, 
divide i I thrciuith Ihc midillc, and sew the ends together; this will 
ftimi a scam in the center, but when nicely opened nnil picMcd, it 
doet not show. Leave about three inches of It on the cilge to ravel 
for fringe: above Ihl* woik the Grecian pattern, or a prclty vine, with 
Gcrtiiantown wool, and tie some of Ihe wool in with your fringe. 
Use a fiarruw. black velvet ribbon to finish the upper edge, and tack 
la the shelf with eiU-hcadcd lacks. Mine is worked with shaded red, 
is very pretty, an<J tnexpensive. Another made ol invisible cre«n 
flannel, lineil with cnmbric. is cut in " picket fence points:" a cFoster 
of briithl flowers, cut f[i>ni sulin-finislied cretonne cloth, U button- 
hole Biitchcd on each pi>ini, the edges of ihe points arc pinked, and 
inside of this edge ts u totr for fcalher stitching made with old gold 
flijis on every point nn the "picket," and llie apace between the 
"pifkets" I* linWhcd with a tawel or bhllot silk or worsted. 

Lambr(qn;nt <Manlel)— lomakc—A laanicl lambrequin of old 
Ki4d Iwinc I'l miikf ilic upholstery colorings o( a room haa red snitn 
ribtiiru run in and nui at intervals perpcndlculary. Each end of rib' 
hon is folded to a point and finlnhed with a bmss creiceni, and a red 
silk tn«.<c1 )u>i bcloir. A table lambreuuin of pale blue tnlne has 
three ro«* of crushed sliairberry red ribbon about an Inch wide run 
horiiontallv thruu^-h its opet>ingi, and Ihc edge la flnisbcd with a 
thick blue (rinse. Oblong omancnu made of crushed slrawberry 
silk and ifold ilnscl arc act al iiiitrv*ls of about four inches all along 
•(i« heading of the Irinyc. The top ot ihe table b cover*) tclth blur 



»56 



mtAt Jit'EKV OS'S SUOCLD Jt'jVOlC. 



flannel, corerot by i. square of crochcUd work In blue U> match ibe 

Luibrequin^tO mkk«. — If you have a toukIi. unroulh shelf in 
your kitchen or sitlin^i-rooiii. first cover the lop neailjr with snmr 
dark. »m()oih cloth; then lake a. *irlp of dark but bright double-faced 
Cuilijii fliinnel nboul clt[h( inchen In ilejilh (more nr Icm. niTcxirClnit 
to widih <ir leiiKih of shcif). nnil lunjc ciioujih in rearh Hcrow th« 
front of ilic thclf und around ni either end: patic ii prtftiy, conirastinK 
Klijpe of cretonne thcoujih Ihe center, nnJ witch it on with the ma- 
chinc; hem Ihe lower edge of the flHnnel, and Anith with hh piclly tl 
wonted ftinKca« ynu cjin ndorJ; lirini; the tipiiet rd|ce up over the 
edge of the board and make fast with initiule iron lacks, an-1 you will 
have nrn only a convenient receplncle for lamp*, book*, or vniei o( 
flower*, but an adillilon lo Ihe (uniichint( of your room In the xhspe 
of a very nriiMie and cyc-pIcd»inK shell, 

LainpM. — This consitttt in h swellinu uf the fini liiir nf the 'ipppr 
palaie. It is cuicd by nibbing the nwelling two or three time* n day 
with one'half ounce of alum and the uimc quantity of double reline<I 
ma;>f tnixed with a Utile honey. 

Lunp-Bnmcrft— to clcui. — To clean old Umihburnrrv. wash Ihcci 
in ashes and viMtt. and they vill I'ome oul bright as new. Man) 
Iim» n burner ii condemned becautc (he light IS poo«, whMi iMvinK 
cIciKKcd no iriih icillnirnt. ihi- wick l« nl fault. 

Lkinp-Chiinncya — tocl«*fl.~ll i* very neceniAry that ihe rh<RI> 
neys of lamps be kept cleun and briKhl. olhernise they will Kreatly 
inieifetc with the umoont of tiKhi. The glaischimney-bruah answers 
iu purpotc admirably, nnd, If used doily, and ittetf kept well clcaaeil 
by occasional washinK In Mida and walei, there wilt be little iruuMo 
with the ihtmney*. Should ibey. froen nriclecl. become very much 
stained und spolleil, the stains or spots may be removed by soaking 
them in weik vitriol and WAler. or by rubbing them gently witb the 
finest un.lji.ipcr under water. 

LlLinp-Chi(nn«j»— Cftrc of,— After the lamps arc filled and Ihe 
chimneys cashed and put on the shell, lake pieces of newspaper and 
roll in Ihe form of a chimney, and slip over chimney and lamp. It 
will protect them from dust and flies, and when the lamps are lighted 
one will be rewarded by finding them as cleAtand bright a> when l^nit 
put in order. 

L4Unp-Wick»— to tB*k«. — Striiwd cotton (Unnel ma^ be used M 
wicks tor kerDsene lamps. Make them double, rough side out, sew- 
ing the (aw edges together. It is well to dip tamp-wlckt In strong, 
hoi riaegar. and dry before using. The tamps are Icks Ukety to sni^l 
disagreeable if this i>recautioii i« taken, 

LwnM — reflection Erom.— Never set the lamp upon a led labl«> 
cover; if you cannot find time to moke a green lamp-mat, put a piece 
of green cardboard under the lamp, and you will find Ihe ici!ceiioa 
tipon yiiur work touch more agreeable to Uie cyet than that Irom lh« 
nd cvver. 



WHAT Ei^EHy Ol/B SHOULD KNOW. asJ 

Lamps— to prevent smoking. — Soak th« wjck in itroog vinegar, 
aii'l dry them vet! before utinit Ihcm. No Ump will tnlukc wi(b 
wick* so pfcpnrcri, uulrs* ihry urc lurnut up loo hl((h. 

Lamps — why they explode, — Miiny ihiiik'sinuy occur In mufie Ihe 
Hiinc lo pass dawn liii- wick tube and explode the lamp. 

I. A Ump may be siandlnR on A table or mantle, and a slight pufl 
ol air from the open window or the tudden opening of a door, caune 
an expiiisiiin. 

1. A lamp nlay b« tiiken iiuickly (rum a table ur manile, and in- 
Mantly ciplode. 

J. A lamp it inken Inlo an entry where Ihere Ik a draft, or out of 
dour*. Hnd an caploxlon <|ulckly cnsuM. 

4. A llichtcd iHrnp may lie t»ken up a flight i>[ stairs, or it raised 
quickly lu II place on Ibe mantle, resulting in an explosion. In all 
these eases the mischief ia ctmied by the air movement — either by 
suddenly checking ihe draft, or forcing the air down the chimney 
agiiiTihi the Home. 

{. Uliiwing dotrn the chimney l(> extinguish (li« light is frequently 
Ihe cause of an ex|ilosion, 

6. Lamp explosions have been ratwcd by using o chimney broken 
oK ai the lop. or one thai has a piece broken out. whereby ihe draft 
b rendered variable and the flame unsteady. 

7. Sometimes a thoughtless person puts a small-ai«ed wick In a 
Iw^ burner, Ihus leaving ccinaideiablo space in Ihe tube along the 
edge* of Ihe wick. 

8. An old burner with iianir draft* clogged up. which rightfully 
ahciuM be thrown sway, I* aomclimcs continued in use. and the final 
result is an explosion, 

Lamps (Keroaenek— to care for.— Only the most IgoorBm can be 
to stupid as to pour kerosene upon a fire, and na such prr*«n» il» not 
read, it would hr a untie of time to caution Ihcm HKHinst it. Filling 
a lamp while il i* llKbird is soiTteihiuK tlial dughi never tu be done. 
It cim be avoided by always niling the lamp in the morning. This 
task ihould belong W some 00c member of the household, whoshouM 
have n fixed and regular time for doing li: nothing oiiglit ordinarily 
10 interfcic with or cause (i* postponement, li thoulil be made u 
duty, to tic discharged with all the regularity and punctuality of the 
daily meals, If j-ood kerosene, of either of the liesi manufacturers, 
be used, there is liiite danger of accidcnL Glass lamps ought never 
lo be carried abnul. [or Ihe vet]' teaaon that they are K-tM. Thit 
wiiuld hold, no mailer what material ihey contain; even it il be sperm 
or lard oil, ilic brraking of a Unip is a diSHsler lo be avoided. There 
in a chance ihiii Ihe one carrying it mar slip or trip, or some other 
accident cau.ie it to be dropped. With good kerosene, even the 
breaking the lamp and spilling its contents should cause no disaster 
In the way of burning; but nil keiOHcuc is not good, and the risk 
should never be token. In iHmmintt Ihe lamps, only the small p«ft- 
lion that is charred need be removed troni Ihe wick, and that is read- 



>SB 



tvjfAT nykxy o^fs sfioviM A'a-oik 



Uj done by scraping wiih a knife kept for Ihc purpoie. If anir »ub- 
*uncF ci>11«is upon Ihc nick lube. Ihal should be icraped on, lc*v- 
IntC ihc litois or mctnl ivrfrcllyrkan. After carefully scraplDg. vipe 
off tile upper part o( Ihe wick lube KnJ the wiek with ji piere «( vtry 
toft pu|>er. lu rcoKivc any noCt punivlei left in si^mpinK. A wii:!! inHv 
become unfil for u>e lonR before it is butiied up. Many quiiris of ocl 
ore c^ricil through a widi, and In lime the porci of the fabric l>c- 
come «o filled with lilile particle* of duhl nnd other Impuriiio that 
the oil eoitluins. Ihul its nbility [i» Ukc up iheoil .ixfaftiitiiii Uliurned 
hemmvs icrcatly diminished, and when ihU occurs, s new wick a 
needed- If a lamp U filled quite full in a cold room, and then i* 
bnniKhi into » warm one, ihe heat will cauic the oil lo ci:pand and 
ovcrllow. and Intd to (he •UDpiflnn ihiit the Inmp leaks. Tnls should 
be avoidcil by not niliut; eomiiletely: knowiiix llint lh>« may occur 
■ufficicnt space should be left to allow for the expansion. KcrOMtM 
lamps, if kepi full, wfll never explode, as there is then no room in 
the lamp tor Ihe nccumulalion of explosive ku. 

Lutd Measure. — <)nc acre ci>ninin* one hundred and aixty square 
rods, lone lh<>iiuind. cixhl hniidred and forty squnre yard*, forty-ihrcc 
tbouMDd. five huiiilted and sixty square (ctl, Unc rud contains 
thirty and iine- fourth stguare yards, two hundred and seventy-tvo and 
one-foudh smi.irc feel. One square yard contains ninesquaie feet. 

Laundry Hints. — Wiuhintc Iluida shnrirn labor, but the rlothes 
Te<)ui[T Mich thiiruu(,'h tin^inR. uJicr tbcir u«e. (ha.1 onlycarcful h»n<li 
should be intrusted with the work. 

To vosh flannels so as to have ihem soft and pliable instead of 
hardened inlo wooden lioards. requires skill on the part of the washer. 
Science tells that the oil of persplrtilion icmninlnK in tlitnncU should 
be rtmcued before icmp i» applied, or a combiiiilioi) in formed with 
Ihe soap that hardens Uie dnnnel instead of softcnint; it. To r«rlnove 
this oil. soak Ihcm. previous lo washing, for at least half an hour in 
soda water, modcrnlcly strong, After this they arc easily washed and 
remain »ofi. 

Put nil the soap used for flannelH in the water. Hot water 'a best 
lor washing and rinsing. They should be well wrunc and shaken 
before they arc hung lo dry. Always wash flannels by Ihemselves, 
(or il done in ihc suds used (or cotton clothes, the white tlu9 of the 
colloii woik« into (he wool and spoils iheir appearance. Colored 
flannels are much used now. blue being r«co(nm«nded to wear next 
to the akin as most healthy. Where while lUnncIs are preferred, 
ibe* <*n be kept nice and while by en occaMonal bleaching. 

This i* easily done by fMlcnInK rope* across a barrel, near enough 
to [he lop to all»w the Kannrnt lo be above It. Pui some sulphur 
into an iron vessel, and after Ihe Rarmcnls are washed, riniied. SAd 
placed on Ihc ropes, pour some hot coals on the sulphui, and set the 
barrel down over It. keeping it well covered to retain the flumes. In 
a ball hour or more, take Ihem oni and hang ihcm to dry. 

When starching dark clothe* culur the staich with collee, and they 



IV/f^ T t: VEft Y O.KE St/0 Ul. D K.\0 H'. 



959 



trill be much improved in appearance, as white ipois frequently show 
on the cooda where white »latch '\% used. Dork cloihcs should bej 
luinr't wrong ildc oul 10 dry, or hung in the shade, ko aX to prcvcntl 
liuliHK llic colors. 

To give iawns a frexh took, put Kum UTnbic waler into llie MarcllH 
or use it altogether il the lawn ii £ne. Gum aratiic Is also excelleni 
fo'- illScning muslin* and Uces. Aftci using it n few times the quan- 
lli;r llkeij can c-juiiy he lound nul. Lnce thouliJ nc^vet he made stiff, 
hiiwcver. or it Iosm il^i uraie .ind beauty. In wHshius ll'ic Inccs, doj 
nol nih, bul squeeie 1I1F wetter thtouifh Ihem. li i« belter tu 
Ihaa lu rub them. Borax ot animcmia water cleans them nicely hf' 
xoaking (he soiled pant (or several hours. 

Iron Iacc4 vrry liKhlty on Ihc wroiiK >idr, placing them on a thick, 
aoft cloih liriil, Tliey may l>r pnniully Jricrl. pulled into Hhupe. una 
then pretseil imder a li|;ht weight. 

Laundry Blue. — A Rood washing blue is made as follows: Make a 
«r*luiic>n of pruisialc of polash, livo ounce, ami another of jiroiosul- 
phaie of iron, one ounce. Aild iht second gradually to the lirti. until 
Ih« procijiitsle atmoftt ccaiea tu fall. Ihcu KIntin ihruuKh linen; iiiJd 
water, and continue the washing until ihe blue color beniiiB lo dia- 
*oU-c in ii. when it may be at once dissolved in distilled water and 
dried. 

Laundry Notes. — If handkerchicfh used in ohU are put to soak in 
bdtaa water fur a half hour or more, the phlegm will be removed. 
and render Ihc wobing easy. 

StocWiiiics ihni arcsuined or Itnublesome to cicftn are Improved bf 
bcinic BlreKhcd out »n a Ixitiril and <-(cn)'licd with a hand-brush. 
Coli'tcd stoi'kinKi ouchl <•' I'c tiiiKcd •[iiukly an>l well, and opened 
by puUini; ihem on ibc hands on radi siilr. and holdinic Ihcm thus 
unid the loe is reached, then letting them fall, and pinning them by 
- the io|i and side 10 the line. Woolen slut kln^s arc i^pc from shrink- 
inii If dfi«] iiri a wooden shape of the tiifhl siic. Thoc are easily 
inude friiitl shingles or Ihin boa(il». 

To keep flour starch from lumping, mix the flour with water nrst, 
then remove the boiling waler from Ihc fire for a minute before stir- 
ring in the mixture, or It will cook Into lumps before It reaches the 
bollum. It i« well to rememlxi this In mahinK srucl. corn-starch, 
etc. 

To set the colors of calico, soak in ox-gall "nd water, using one 
lablesponnful of (iz-|[all to one fcallon oi waler. 

A leacuii u( lye in a bucket o( water improves the color of black 
goods- 

To btighien pink or green calicoes, put vinegai io the rinsing 
waiei. 

Peuil a>h ansncfH Ihc tamr purpose (or purple or blue. One tea- 
apoonliil iif BUg»r v\ lead in one <|uart of water tcM blue colors fast. 
For Ihe laltcr the articles must be clean. 



Ho lt'//A T EVERY OKE SirOVLD A'-VOH'. 

A slroHK («a made of common bay Ix uid lo prcMTve tbv tint* ol 
gTBT-colored linen. 

Scfnre licKinnlnjc lo iron, sprinkle (he ishlc plonlifully wkh water 
kfid lay on Ihe ironing blanket- This will hold it Rnnly in plan aad 
pnsvent all wrinkling nnd shoving iiboui. Ncvei Irj' '" '">" "'t^ « 
blanket luviriK wrinkles oi hunrh«. 

Laughing; Cu~ta inhaie.—Pcocurc an oiled or vainithed tilk 
bai£. [i[ bUJUrr. (utriisllcd willi a slop-cock, into the rooulh. nnd ai 
the same time bold the nusirils, and the sensation produceil will be 
of a highly pleasing naiute; a tcrcol propensity lo lau^hlcc, a rapid 
Aow nfvlvid ideoa, nnd an u iusuaI (ilneia (or miiiculnt cxcnion, are 
IhcvrdinBrvfeclinics which it jirodiices. The sensiiliun* produced by 
brealhing this gas are not the same in all persons, but they aie of a/i 
■ffreeable nature, and not followed by any depression of spirits like 
IhOM occaaloned by (crmniied liquors. 

L*»«*d*r W«t«r— tomake,— I Hiek ilie l.ivendcr tlnwcru from 
tAc stalks, and to every |»»ind put n oumm of wHier in a cold Klill or«i ^ 
a slow fire. Distil very slowly; and when Unished. clean out I" 
still, put (he lavender vi.aier bock again, and distil li over again 
ilawly a« liefore. Thi* isiluublf-dikillled lavender water. >n<l tfaoub 
be bollled nnd well corke<l till required fix use, 

9. Best English lavender. Itat drams; oil <if cloves. onc<hul( dmm; 
musk, five grains: best spirit* of wine, six ounces; water, oncounte. 
Mix the oil of lavender with » little Hplrlix lirM. then add Ihe other , 
Ingredicnl*, and let it »tand. \>t\nv. kept well corked Inr at least ta 
monlhs before it is used, shaking it frequently. 

J. A cheap and good lavender water may be made bv puttinR ihro 
drams of the csieniiAl oil of lavender and one dram ol oil of nmbcr^ 
Rrls Into one pint of spirt l> of wine, and mixinK them by shaking ih 
bottle, which must be kept well curked, 

Lnd (Slack)— to removc.^Frum polished Nteel tides of a tfratOil 
first wash them with strong soap and water, using old flannel for the j 
purpose; then rub them with sweet oil and loiten-stone; polish intbe>i 
mual niann<-r with soft Itjither, 

Lead Pipes (Broken)— to Join during pressure of tr«tcr.— It fr 
qtienily happens that l«id piiien ({Ft (lit or dnma^ed when Ihe watt 
is running at a high preisutc, causing much trouble to make repair _ 
especially jf the water cannot l>c easily turned ofT. In this case plug^ 
both ends of the pipe at the bn.ak. place a small piece of broken loe 
and salt around them. In a few minute* the water In llie plMWlH 
(reeie; next, withdraw the plugs and insert a new piecs oi pipe; 
solder ner(e<ity. thaw Ihe ice. and it will be all right. 

Leko Pipes— to repair small leaks in.~Place the point of a dull 
nail over the Irnk, f^ive ii A ^vni'c tip with a hammer ond the flow 
will ctiisc 

Lead Pipes — to prevent corroKivo. — Pass a strong solution o( 
sulphide ol potassium and sodium tbriugh the inside of Ihe pipe at r 
leiDpeisture of two hundred and iwvirs degrees, and allow it to fS^ 



»'///( r EVERY OKE SHOULD KNOW. 



361 



tnAJn flftcrn Of tnnity mliiutcs. Ii converts Ihe Intltle oi the p!p« 
into iin iiiv'hiWc Milphido «( lead «nil prcvcnW cortoMnn. 

Leaf ImpresiiODS. — Hold oiled piijieT in ilic MiHibc al » lamp, or 
of pilch, until ■( becomes coixied wiili ilie smoke; lu lliis pntier npply 
the lent ol ivhich ynu wUK an imprcsiiun. Iia\-ing previously warmccl 
It tielwrni yiiirr hunds tlini li may be pUnblc. Place the loner cur- 
fik<e ■>( llie \v»i upon Ihe blAck«ned surface of the oiled paper, thai 
the numerous veins Ihut nrc to prominent un Ihig tide may receive 
from the paper a portion of ihe smoke. Lay u paper over the ie»(, 
and ihen press n gently upon the smoked pnpcr with the fingers or 
with n small (ullci (covered nllh noolen doth or some Dkc sod mu- 
leriuh. tn thai every pari ol the leaf tnay come in cotitAct wilh ihe 
souied oil puper A coaliuf; of Ihe smoke will ndhcre lo i lie leaf. 
Then remove Ihe leaf carefully, and jilace the blackened surface on ft 
ibect of while paper not ruled, or in a book prepared for the pur- 
poM. covcrinii the \ca\ wllh n clean »ltp nf paper, and pres«ln(; upon 
it Willi llic fluKersor roller as before. Thus nuiy be oblalnol liir ini' 
preHion of a lc4if. showiOK Ibe iieifecl ouiline*. together n'iih an 
accuriitc exhibition of ihe veins which extend in every direclion 
through it more torreclly than the finest draving. And this prnccss 
1-1 so tiniple. and ihe materials so easily obtained, (hnl any person 
with a liille ptacilce lo enable him lo apply the right •iiiaiitily of 
smoke lu (he "il pLigicr. and Kivc the leiil n proper pressure, can pre- 
pare bcAUliful leuf impressions, such as a naiurulisi would be proud 
to pouess There is anoihcr. nnd, we think, a belter method of t«k- 
Inic Iwf ImpieMiuins than ihe pffcedinn one. The only tllllrrcnie in 
Ihe procciA iimMsts in thu use of pimiing ink intteiid of smoked oil 
paper. 

Leaf Printing. — After waimins the leaf beiween the hands, apply 
printing mk liy means of a small leather bull coniainiog cotton or 
some soft suhsuocc. or wlih (he cml of ihr linger. The leaihei ball 
(and (he liniccr when used fnc thni purpote). after (he ink is Hpplied lo 
U. should tie pressed tctcral times on n piece of leather or some 
smooth aurlace before each iipiilicaiion lo the leaf, ihai (he ink may 
be smooihly and evenly applied. Af(er (he under surface of ilie leaf 
noi been sufficiently inked, apply It tn the paper where you wi^h the 
imp(e<>si<>n , and, after covering it uilh a slip iif paper, use the hand 
ur rullci to prc>8 upon il. as ilescribeil in Ihe former procria. 

Leaf Plant Skewtooa. — The leaves arc \n be put In nn canhco or 
glass vestel. i\\\A <x Urge quanlily of rain-water 'lo be poured over 
thcni: dftri (his Ihi-y are (o be 1ef( to thr open nlr and to Ihe heat of 
the Biin wiihiict tiivcting (he vrMvl. When the water cvupornK-* so as 
to leave the leaves dry. more nlus( be added in its place; (he leni-ei 
will by ihis mean* |iuirety, but they require adilfercnt lime for this; 
Mime will tie hnishrd in a tnomh. others will require two months ot 
longer, according lo the toughness orihrir pHrench)rma. When ilicy 
have been it) a stale of puirefncilon for scime lime. Ihe tvu mem- 
bmncs will begin lo wcpnrate, and (he ^reen pun of Ihe leaf I» be* 



S69 



tVHAT EVE/fY O.VE SlfOVLD KXOW. 



come fluid; (hen the Apcrallon of cleaning U to l>c pcrfnnn«i1, Tbt 
leaf is to lie pui upon a (lui, wliitc canhcn plnicunfj (ovnnl with 
clear water: nml brinK senlly Kcjucexed with the finder, the metn- 
br&ne* will benin to upen. nu<l Ihu giwn substance will conte out oi 
lfa« cdsc*; the tnetnbriinci mui^l be carefullv tnlceft ofl viih the (ingcr, 
and great caution mum )>c uxcil in »cptiiiiilnK them near vhe nilildtc 
rib, When once there in ntt openins toward thin fie|>aration, tha 
whole membrane »lway» follows eatily; when both membnineti arvj 
t«lcen off. the slicleion ii (inished. and il hai to be washed rlean wtih 
water, and then dried helwecn Ihc leaves of a hook. Fruii* are di- 
veiled of their pulp and made Into tkelcloni In a dlflfereni mannei. 
Take, fur an jn>(an«c. a line larse pear which In «o[t. and not couxh; 
lot it be ncHily pared without squcetinic it. and without injurini; the 
crunn or Ihc stalk; put it inioa pot oF min-wHier. covered: set i( 
over the (ire, and let it bt>il gcntlv till peffetily soft, then lake il out 
and lay it In a dif.h filled with coM water: Iheo holding It by thcutallt 
wjth one hand, rub off an inuchof the pulp oi, you can with the Anger 
and thumb. beKinninK Ht ihesiidk. »nd rulibinic it reifularly towura 
the crown. The fibi^rs ace moat tender toward the txtrcmiiies. and 
ore. therefore, lo lie treated with ureat care there. When the pulp 
hac Ihu* been cleared pretty well oft. the point of a line pcnkiilfe may 
be of u>ie lo piek away the pulp uticklne lo the core. In ordrr to »c^ 
how the ■>|ie[alion udvancet. the soiled water nnuM be thrown 
away friim time to time, and cleiin poureil on in ill ptiKiv When the 
pulp is in this manner perfectly separated, the clean ikeleion is to be 
ptei'eivcd in spirits of wine. Thli method may be pursued with the 
hiiik ol (reca. which nflord interciiiing vicns of ihelr coni.iiiucnt 
fiben. 

Leather— beftutiful bronze for. — Diisolvc a little of the »i>-called 
Inuilulik anitinc violet in a little water, and brush the KOlutloo oita 
the Iralhrr. ullrr il dtien repeal the proccts. 

Leath«r"ta djre yellow. — Picric ncid j(ives * |jw>d yelViw without 
any mordant, it must be usimI in verydituieHulutJun, and not warmer 
than scveniy (lcgre« Fahrenheit, so as not to pencUaie the leather. 

Leather—to dye Krecn. — Aniline blue roodlTies picric atid to a 
fine Krccn. In dyinft the leather, the temperature of ciuhty-livc 
degrees rahrenhcit, muM never be e^leeded. 

Leather tMtuocco and Sheep) — djres for.— i. Bi.i^r. — Blue is 
Civen by «tcepinft the subject a day In urine and indiKO, llier> builini; 
it with alum, or it may be k'^'^" ''V lecnpcclnK the inditiu with red 
wine, and aashinK the skin therewith. 

». Hoil elderberries or dwarl-eldcr. then smear and wash Ihe shin* 
therewith and wring them out: then boil the elderberries f>- tirfoie in 
n solution of atum water, and wet the *kln« in Ihe tame manner or)ce 
or iwrce, dry them, and they will lie very Itlne. 

R>:t>, — Red it Kiven by washing ih? skin and laying them two hours 
in gall, then wringing thent out, dipping them in a liquor made with 



W//^ T EVERY O.VE SHOULD KNOW. 



a(.3 



llRiurrum. alum, nnd vfrdlKrts. in wfticr, and U»tly In ihc dye made 
o! Bfaiil wood boiled with lye, 

PiRiii' —Puipic ii given by wfiifiiK ihe »kins with a solution of 
lochc uliiin i'l iittm water, and whco dry. again nibbing (hem with 
the hand willi a df^oilion nf loKWOodin <old water. 

GiK-KV. — Green Isijirrn by ime^rinK Ihc tkin with Mp-Kmn and 
ttlam boiled. 

DAKk Ghkcn.— Dark gr«cn is given with sieel-GllnRn and uJ-am- 
moniac, mecped in wine till soft. Ihen imeared over the tkln, which 
i» to 1m dried in llie Ahmle. 

Vkllow. — Yciluw is Ki^'en by smearing the skin over with nloea 
and liniccd-ojl dissolved and strained, or by infusing in weld. 

Lir.ti T Oka\gk.— Orange color is civen by »ine«ring 'I wilh fucUc 
beiries boiled in alum water, or (of deep orange, wilii lurmeric. 

5kv Colar. — Sky rnlor i» flven with indiifn ttcepcd in boiling 
water, and (he next m^tninc waimcd niid smeared over the skin. 

L cat hex— French poUshdtcssingfor.—Miiciwo pints bat vinegar 
with one pint soft waier; ttir into it a <]Uarter pound of s'ne, broken 
up, half a pound logwood ch(p«, oneoiiarierounceol linely (lowdcred 
indifTd. one-quarler ounce o( the best *o(t s'laii. one-i]uarter ounce o( 
isinglius, put the miiiure over the (ire and let it boil ten minutes or 
mnrc; ihen tirain. baiUc. and cork- When cold, it is lit (or uie. 
Apply with a »ponge. 

Leather — French finish for. — Take a cuniinon wooden pailful of 
«ci4ips ((he leg* and pates of mif-skins are besl), and put a handful 
each of salt and alum upon them, and let stand three days; then boil 
until Ihcy rc[ n thick paste : in using, yuu will warm !i, and in the 
fits! applic]il>i>n put a Utile lallciw wtlh it, and (or a second time h 
tittle lofl soap, mid U4e il in the regular way of flnifhing, and your 
IciiiheT will be soft and pliable, like Krcncli Iftaihet. 

LeAthec^ French patent.— Work into the skin with appropriate 
tonia three or (our successive coatings of drj'ini varnish, made by 
tMiling lirtseed oil wilh white lead and litharge, in the proportion of 
one pound of each of the Inner lo one gallon ol the (uinier, mid udd- 
lnii,a portion o( chalk or ochre, e^ch coating bcinK IhuruuKhly dried 
belor.- the application of llie ncul. Ivory black is then subiiiiuted 
(or the chalk or ochre, the varnish thinned with spirits of turpentine, 
and live additional applications made in the sAme manner as before, 
rxcepi that it i« put on thlo and not worked in. The lealhei is 
rubbed down with pumice-stone, in powder, and Ihen placed in a 
room al ninety degrees, cut or the way of dusl. The last varnish I 
prepared by boiling half a pound asphaltum wilh tea pounds o( the 
drying nil used in the firal stage of the ptocos, and then atiirlnn Ave 
pounds copal vainiih and (en giounilt ol lurpcnline. It must lwv« 
one month's age before using it. 

Leather— liquid Japan for. — Molasses, eighl pounds: lampblack, 
Mi« pound: *w«ct oil. one pound: lium arable, one pound; lunglaaa. 



ULl Wlf AT EVERY OS'R SHOVl.D KXOW. 

one pound. Mix well In ihlrty-iwn pouaili ■>( wM«t; t^Xy ne 

(then cool, add orw quaii alci>liol; an ox's Rail will Improve ii. 

Leather Glores — tostkin. — Those plcum^t hitoinf yellow, timwn, 
ot un color, are n«dily imparled lo leatlicj kI"*"c* l>)' Ilii* »iiHi>lo 

EroUM: Sleeji uflron in »o(l bolllni! wmer for twelve hours; then. 
»rifi|t sewed up ihe lops o( ih« )[lovcs. to prevent the dye (roin 
staining ihe iniide. wet Uipm over irtth n nporiKe dipped Into the 
liquid. The quaiiiiiy of uffroa, as ivell a-i o( water, dcpcmlt on how 
much ilye m*y hr wjmlcd, and Ihcif rcUlirc ponltionii on ihc de-pl^.i 
of color re'|uirerl. A common tearup will cnniain qbit« lulllclcnt In] 
quanliiy (or a sitiKle p»i[ of i;1nvca. 

Leather— to loltea,— The bett oil (or making boot and bamOM 
leather sufI and plUlile, i* taMot oil. 

Lmther — bronilnE. — A ^mAll nmnuni ol la-r&lird in«alubl« aoU 
iinc viokl i) disiijlvi'd iu a little water, and the solution is brushed 



over ihc ariiclea; it will dry quick]/, and perhaps may have lo be re- 

lhi« 
color. 



pealed. Sboei Ihai are treated in toll way prucni a beauiilul broate 



Lenther Scrap*— to utilise— Fir«t clean the •crap«, then •oak 
them in water oniaininic one pet (cnt. of sulphuric acid until Ihe ma- 
terial becomes sod and pla*lic. then compreis into blocks and iltyby 
ateaiD. In order lo mflcn the block*, one pound of glycerine U 
added lo one hundred pound* of the mntcrlnl: they are then panned 
thfoUKh rollers and brouRhl to the proper IhidineM Co he uw<i m iu> 
ner sotefl of boots and shoes. 

Lemooade (Portable).— Tartaric ac'd. one ounce; white susar, 
two piiuiiilh; essence ot Icnion. onc-qunner ounce. Powder and keep 
dry fi>r unc. (.)nc <tevsrri (ipoonful will make a kIam of lemonade. 

Lettere or Papers (Old)— to renew. — Ftoil Kalinin wine and »pongD 
over the surface. Thir Ictlcrs or wrilinus will be as fresh a» ever. 

Learea— to fasten lo glass. — To fatten foresl leaves to Riass u«e 
a ti>[utii>n of Kuttt !\tn\iit It I* al once iranspaicnl and sdheilvc. 

Leech-bites — to stop the blecdlac of.— A «liKht pretnurc with ihe 
ti nip r upon the leech-liiie, nhii-h has been covered with apiece of 
lint, or cotton-wool will freqticntly stop the bleeding. If not, apply 
to the orifice a planter ipread on Imi of one part of yellow wax and 
Iwo jiartsof olive oil nimeid with heat. 

LMclies — to m*ke thetn bite.~li i» often a tnaiter of ipeat 
trouble to make leeches bile. The^' have it eresi dislike to certain 
akin*: other* they take to immediately. Ii is always desirable lo 
wai.h the place nlth warm water, and wipe ii dry before applying the 
leerhe*. Some person* have found it n good ihmg in imear the spot 
with a very little blood: others recommend that the leeches should 
first be %ieeped for a moment or Iwo in weak white wine and water, 
or preiied with a cloth that has been steeped in wine. 

Legal BrarttJM.— A note dated on Sunday is void. A note ob- 
laiiiM by fraud, or from one inloxiuieil. t* void. If a note be lost 
or Molen, il doe* not release the maker, he must paf it. An in- 



WHAT EVE fir O.VE SHOULD KS'OW. 



I6S 



Aonvt ol a note is exrnipc from liability, if not scrvrd with nollcc of 
iu difhonor wiihin iwcnty-four huurs ol ii» non-jiMymcni, A noie 
br a minor ■* vukl. Noicv bcur jnCcnat only irlicn su »tuicd. Prin. 
clpaUnre rc(pon»ib1ef[>r ihcir ogcni*. Each individual in panncf- 
•lup is responsible (or the whole amouni of ihc ilcliiii of Ihc firm. 
Ignoninec of the law excuses no one. Ii is a Irniid to toncesl n 
fraud. 1[ ii illej;iil Xo cumpuund a frlonr, Tlie Uw cvmpels no one 
W do impijisibililici. An agiecmcnt Kitnoui a cuiisideraiiuii U void. 
Signatures In a lead pencil ale good in law. A receipt for money It 
not tcgnlly conclusive. TItc acii of one partner bind all the oihera. 
ConirftCis miulc on Sundfty canniii he niforccd. A contract with • 
minor is void. A contraci miule with » lunatic is void, Written coa> 
tfoct* (oncerninx land must be under >eal. 

Lemon Exlract^to make. — To moke lemon extract, use one 
aunce of nil of lemon, and one pint of alcohol. Mix and Alter 
ChroUKh Ciirl»>niilr <•! iiiiiKiir*i.i. 

Lemons— medical qualities ot— A good Ueol haa been said about 
the henlihfulneja of lemon*. The latcil advice ii how to use ihem 
so thm (hry will do ihc moM good, a* follow*: Most people know 
the I'lrnlil of Ic-mnnnde before bmkfatl, but few know llial it Is mors 
llun ^iHiMrd tiy I.ikini; iinathcr ul niiiht al«o. The w«y (•• Kel the 
brilvr of t)ic liiliuui syBtcm without blue pilli or quinine ii to lake 
the juice of one, two or three lemon*, as appetite crjivei. in a» much 
Ice water as make* It pleasant In drinlt ullhnut Kumar before Kolng to 
btd. tn the niominK, on rUinn;. at leut hoM an hour before l>re«k- 
fast, take the juice of one Icniun in a |[Oblet of water. Thin will 
dear the syiiem of humor and bile with effieieiicy, wilhotit any of 
the weakening cllecis of calomel or congress water. PcodIc should 
noi irritate the sioma<li by eating lemonx cleiu; the powerful acid of 
the juice, which isalways most corrosive. In variably produce* tnflsm- 
atiun Hfter H white, but properly diluted, so that it duei not bum or 
draw the ihroai. it does its medicail work without harm. and. when 
thestomachli clear of forjil. hai abundant opportunity to work over 
Ihc system ihoroudhly, say* a medical authority. , 

Lemon juicc-lo keep fresh.— Lemon juice is so desirable in] 
GiHikcry. and uls'i sn nccc^Mry for niAny mediciniil purposes that «' 
tupply of it should always be ready at hand. It is nut possible at >ll 
limes to procure fresh lemons, and sometimes they are very dear. Those 
who study economy in housekeeping will buy lemons when cheap,.' 
andkevp tbem accordln|[ to the dircrlt»oHKivcn. or ihey will exlracH 
the jnice and pre»ervc it by the (olluwing recipe: Take, when the 
fruit is plentiful and cheap, any number of lemons you (nay require; 
soften ihem well by rolling them under (lie hand upon a table; then 
cut them in half, and with a pair of wooden lemon nippers siiuecte ' 
out all ilir ]ui(einifi a liasin: strain It caicfullylhrouich muslin, sous' 
to get rid nf all pulp as well as pi^^ then Untie the clear juice in 
very small phials, clean and perfectly dry, and bcfpre corking pour 
■bvul a leaspounful of sweet oil upon the juice In cadi bottle to ex- 



•66 



IVffAT P.yF.ltV OXF. SffOC't.P KNOW. 



c1uJv nil air. Tu preveni wa«ic, ihc phiali ihoiild be very »nia1l, a* 
the juitc, though i( vill IcKp tatnt Mmt <»rkcil up, nlll not lonff con- 
tinue f,oaA aflci ihc holllc 1' opcnett. Wlirn rcijulrnl Utt use. tho 
Oil inuM be firsl ifmovnl hj* ilippniK intn it [iirm of colton.wool. 
The pfcl* r>l ihr Icinunii aim Ihc juu'c is exiracled. cnn be boiled in 
cynip and candtctl. 

Lemon JuUe— to preseive.— To cv^r)- pounil of white tu|i:ar nild 
tl><- i-ifnii]r(l juice ot lout Icmonn. Orate the rindt hikI Miiil ihem to 
Ihc uiiviurtr. Prctrove III claM cans A inblcspoonlul will make: a 
glass tumblerful ol lemfmade. 

LonoiM — to keep.— Le IS cm* may be kcpi in watertoratonK lima, 
but they KtaduAlly loic HAVor. They may alto be kept slranK to* 
gelher, ami hunjc up in a dry, nicy plare, They muxi not touch each 
other. SlnuK ihnn with n line pixkiilic needle through the niti of the 
lemon. 

Lemon Verbena.— In Spam the lemon verbena, which He only 
cullivale B" a Kcnled Raiilcn plant, it iVKleniatically collected Mid 
stored (or winter u><e, Witli Ibe ^ituiiiinrdii It is said to form one of 
the (ine«i stomnchii-t unit I'urdinN, and is taken either made into a 
decoction and drank coid with water .ind sugut a* a tonic, or with 
the momlng and cveninR cup oF tea. A »prig of about hve ur nix 
leaves of the lemon verbena i* nn>t put Inio the cup. anil the hot tcK'! 
poured upon it, Uy usiiiK this, Spanish authorities assert. " you will 
never .suffer from flaiulcnce, nctfr be made nert'ous or old maidinb, 
never have cholera, diarrhcra or loss of appetite. Resides, the flavor 
U simply delicious. No one who ha> once dnuik their eup of Kia 
with this addlilon, will ever drink it without a siitIk «' lemon rer> 
bena." 

Letters (Secret)— to write,— Pui five cents' worth citrate of po- 
tOMM in an ounce vial of clear, cold w.iter. This forms an Invlslbk 
Ruid. Let it dUDOlve. and you can use on paper of any color. Um 
a Kooae-qiiill in wriiiuK. \S hen you wi*h ihe writinii to become vUi- 
ble. hold it lo a red-hot stove. 

Lice 041 cattle— to dettror. — Pour kerosene into some shallow 
illth. to the depth of one.eighih of an inch: into this dip the teeth of i 
card, then card the animal with it, ilippinH ncca*ionally while csrd>{ 
ing, AniMtier way Take one |Jatl lard, and one part kerosene, 
warm the laril rn-juKh ho that the kerosene can be lhoraut;h1y and 
easily Incorporaied wilh it. slir until it cooU mlBcient lo prevent 
wporaliun. Thoroughly anoint the parts irhcrcthe lice mo«t con|{fe- 
C*<e, with Ihc mimurc. If the finit application doe* not kill the lice 
within u (pw d.iyi., m«kr u second. 

Lice on Hens— remedy for. — A lady who hns raised a Urice num- 
ber cif hens, says that, after rainly trying the recommended remedies 
(or lice, she h^t hit upon the olan of giving ihcrn. once or twice a 
week. iL t.iri-e Ion! of Graham Hour, in which a handfui nl xulphur ha* 
been mixed. The hens like it, and are (reed (mm lUr and k«pl 
healthy through Ibe season. 



irZ/M T F.VEftY OXB SHOULD KNOW. 



«6; 



Life Belts. — An cxnll^nt and <heap lite ticll, foe penon* ptoceed. 
Ing Id >ca, bathing in ilaciKcrous places, nr trHrninK lu Kwim, may be 
lhu«ni»[le: Take a y.ird iind ihrtc-quarlFrt o( ■.trong jean, double, 
and <lividr it inio nine comparimcnis. L^l there l>c a ipoee tti iwa 
inches adei mch Ihird com part mem. Fill the e»ni|»iimcnt« with 
very fine cutiine* of cork, which caii br hod at >ny ccrk -cut ling 
e»labtiihraent. work eylei liolts ut the hvllnin ul each coiopan- 
menl to let the wnlct drnin out. Attnch ancck-baDdand waUinlrinsi 
of 81011 1 I"1m1 web, «nd sew them on strongly. 

LiiDik Be*ii»— without poles.— A Kucceuitil remit durinK the p»M 
year of an cipetinieiii whiih i^ not new. was cuttivaiinjc Limu beam 
wiihoul pules, by simply pinching >■(! the endtaaioon as they showed 
any dtiposition to vine. This uused the planli lu assume the form 
of tk ihkk-ict bu«h. and they were nearly as priKlucilve a* when 
Hlluwed lo climb hs nHtmc deslKncil- 

Lima Bcaos — with cr««ni — Kul a pini nf the fhelled beam inia 
just enough boiling Aulled uaicr (•> cover them, and Uiil [hem tender; 
then drain oH the w.iier; add a cupful of boilinc milk (or better, 
crcum), a liltlR piece of butter, pepper and sail. Let the bean* Min> 
mer a minute in the milk liefore >.ervln(i. 

Limbs (Froien) — trektmtat oL — Proien limlm should be thawed 
oat slowly. The patient should be placed in a cold room and the 
limb bathed in ke-waicr or cloths wrung oui in ice-water. When the 
limb bet:in» to tinKic, the- Imlhing mtlst be slopped, and the tenigiem- 
tiir« ot the triiim jti^Kluidly raited. 

Lime — for blasting;. — Ever^ one who ha»i slowly added waici to a 
lump of quick-lime, lu slake tt. has noticed that in combining with 
water, the lime iwells up and liecomes moth larger than before. Thtft 
expanhion of quick-limc. when in coninrt ivlih wuier. Is a ti>rcc ex* 
etcised IbrouBh a short di«tancc, but. like the expftnaiim nf water in 
(leeritiR, U aimoal irresitlible, This force h*» lately been used in 
the conl mines of England to throw down the coal. To prepare 
ouick-llme for viut in mailing, it is first reduced lu powder, and then 
forced into CHricidKr* or cylinders by means of n hydrAuUc |>te«s. A 
mold two inches acrmsand seven inchca Iook. i^ filled wtih piwdered 
lime, and compicucd by a hydraulic press of turiy-inn puurr into a 
solid ronss of about (our Inches long. When thcw (ylinder*. or car- 
irldgcs, have IcDBlh wise grooves cut in them to a<Imit water, ihcyare 
reiiily for use. Holes nr^ dnlled a* for blastin){ with prnvdrr, a cylin- 
der of comprewed lime is pUrcd in each, and laoi|ic<I, A tube is 
iirovided fur in the luinpint:. and water, by mcuns nf a force pump, is 
orccd through the lube and brought in contact wilh the lime car- 
trldfte. [n slaking, the swelling of the lime throws down the cjal 
wilbiiul iny t>mrike or the liberation of unwholesome Kiues. ami there 
is no luM of liini: in nclling rid of Ihcsr, ThismrlhiKl of blMling 
will nil ddubt find :i widrr ^ijiplii-jilion than (or Coot mines. 

Lime— to bum without a kiln.^Make a pyramidal pile uf large 
llmcKtoncs, with an arched furnace nc« the ground f .r putting In tSa 



9(A 



WHAT F.VF.RY OXS SffOVLD KNOW. 



fuel. kaviiiK M Tiarniw vent iir funnel hI Ihc lop; now cover lb« 
wbulepilo with cuiih ut turf, in Ihi? war ihni charconl hesiii >re 
eoveccrf. and pul in ihc (ire. The heal will be more completely dif- 
luicd IhrouRh Ihc pile. If ihc npcttiirc in ihc lop U panially cloMd. 
Ptodiicct n <.u]H-rii:( urliclr ril linic. 

Lime In the Eye — tOTomoT*. — Biithc the cjrc trlih a link vinri^r 
uid wHltT, urid (-.itcfully icmove nny little pieccH of lime whirh may 
ItCBccn, nilh a fe.iihei. If any lime has got entangled In the eye- 
lAthu, carefully clear li nwny wiih a bit of coll llneti i>oiike>i in vlne- 
gnr anil water. Violent inlUmmatioti ih Mirr ii> ('>lli>i>': h vimii puntc 
mu«l Ihoivforc lie iiilminiKicreil. and in aW prohnbility a lilisler mu»( 
be upplird na the temiilc. behind the ear, or nape uf the neck. 

Lime Water— to nuike.— To one.half pouad of unslaked lime odd 
tlir«e-qiiaticni of n pint of Wdlcr; put the lime into an eArihen pot, 
and ponr a lliile of (he water ii|>on it. and a* the Hnie hlakts. jmuribe 
*atOT on by link snd link, and slii up with » «lirk. Tlie w.itcr 
mutil be added very slowly, otherwise the lime will fly about in all 
directions, and may break the vosel. In three or four boors' time, 
when the utaiccd lime hn* tunk to Ihc bottom, potir the elckf fluid off, 
and jiul it in ^lt>)>)H'reU lioiilet awav from the lijifal. 

Lime Water— uie of. — If gcod milk dUacreea with a child or 
Itrnun prnun. lime water at the rate of three or four tablespoon fuls 
to the pint. mt>>cil with the milk or t.iken after it.^will titually help 
diftcsiion and prrvcni dmiilcncc. XJnac v.-ucr is a simple antaeici, 
and Ik II tittle tunic. It cifien countcrattn pain from acid iniii-v from 
" wiiul in the si'im.ich." and from acido produced by catinx ciindieH 
and other sweets: also " stomach-ache" (in<HReftIot))(ram (■vrtrHiine 
of any kind. A tables puonful for a eliild of two years old. to a glu 
ur more for an Adult, is an ordinary dose, irhlle consldetable more 
will produce no hriUius injury. A pint of cold water diMhitves Irs* 
thin ten Kiains iil lime, >nd warm wuier >iitl leu, Pure lime nulet, 
even lhou|{h pretty closely rorked. soon delerioratrs by tarbunie 
acid in the air, which unites with the lime and settle* -is an insoluble 
carbonate. To have It always ready and good, and at no cost, put 
Ino H tall pint or quart Klas* bottle of any kind, a (till or *a of foad 
Uinr Jut>t H»ke<l with niilrr. Tlicn fill the tH>ttk neatly full uf rain or 
other pure water, and let it stand quietly, corking well. The lime 
will settle. le.irinK clear lime water at the lop. Pour oft gently as 
wanted, adding more water as needed. Some carbonic acid will 
enter, but Ihc rartionAic will settle, ofien upon the fildeii of the liottle. 
and freshly Mtiiraied water remain. The lime should l>c rrinoved 
and a new sujiply {ml in once a yeai or *o, unless kept very lightly 
cixked . 

Linen — how to whiten.— I.incn garmentn which bare become yel- 
low from timr, inu) tic whitened by bclnx boiled in a lather made of 
milk and pure »h]ie M»ap, a pound of the latter to a gallon of ihe 
former. After the boilinK process the linen should be twice Tinned, a 
lililr blue being added tu the lost w«ter used, 




n^/fA r F. VEH V o.VE s/zori./) awo it. 



164 



I 



Lineni (Colored) — how to wash. — BUck hns bccomr iuch a ne- 

l^uity fur ilrccL wrur ihal black linen is roorlcd to iind made up in 
very sirikiiiR cosiiiri" liy fine machine cmbroidefT. Only two kind* 
0/ rmbfui.lrrv ^rr fashiojiahly used, ecru nnd while, nnil these axe 
cmpli'ynl fpir th< •■'1ii<-i •■! Hoiinccs. and ruftlinic rc«tvei1 (of ihc 
irimroiMK "' ^l'''-"> ri iitid bas(iup iirtciscly Iho siiiiie U navy liluc 
linpni. \'(rit)ii:r Lil^ck': rcir navy blurs should ever be wiwhcd u[ hdtne, 
unlcii I'V an txtcpticnntyly good luundrcx. They »hou1d he taken 

10 ii Fir-iuh i4tinitiy, niiil if of ffood quallly will ihcn be lurned ouli 
C'[u;il iiMit«, riic reikleis «nd iMy «cinp>and-8od> prnccsi known 
as wiishini; by ninc-tcnllu of Ihc Brid^jris will ruin uny fubric in lime, 
»nd no color will stand U. Navy-blue linens have lost cjwte hetc on 
that account, and few ladles dare to buy Ihcm. To safely waah them 
no Koap nhr-uld lie unci), bul > couple of pouiAcs graled Into lepjd I 
loft water (Hflcr havinK iheni washed and jieelrd), iiiKi which pre-j 
vjoiuly a tcaspoonful of ammonia hnK been |iul, Wanli the linentj 
(black or blue) in this, and rinse ihem in cold blue waicr; tliey will 
need no siareh. and should be dried old ironed on the wronK side. 
An Infusion ol hay will keep the natural color In bufl linen* and bran 
In briiwn lincni uni! prima, Tl iiUd »crve« like the potat<j (or tilnrch. 

Linen (Colored T»bJ«)— to wash.— To wash colored table linen 
ute tepid water, with a little powdered borax; wash quickly, using bu 
lllllr HOiip, and rinse in tepid water coutalnini; boiled »larch; drjr Isl 
the shade, ami when Atniott dry. iron. 

Linen — to bleccb. — Mix eommon bleoching-powder in the propor- 
tion of one pound lo n gallon of water; stir it occasionally fur three j 
day^, let It settle, nnd pnur It oil clear. Then make a lye of one] 

fiDimd of smIm to one gallon uf liuilinic sod water, in which t>oak the 
incn (or twelve hours, and boil it half an hour: ne\l •■oak in Ihe 
bleadiing liquor, made as above ; and lastly, wash it In (he luunl man. 
ner. Discolored linen or muslin may be restored by palling n portion 
of bleaching liquor Into (he tub wherein the nilicle* are iianklng. 

Linen — how to gloss. — Inquiry is (leqiienlly made rrHpeclinK Ihc 
mode of puliini; a kIom on linen collars and shirt-(ron(s. iiki^ that of 
new linen. This gloss, ur enamel, us it is sometimes called, is pro- 
duced mainly by friction with n warm iron, and may be put on linen ] 
by almuM any person. The linen to be iilnied receives ai much 
BironK »lsrch aa it U possible to chnige ii wiih. then it in dried, T'l 
each pound ol starch a piece o( »pcnn or while H'Hx, about the siic uf 
a nalnul. is usually added. When ready to be ironed, the linen is 
laid upon the table and moisiencd very Ughlly on the surface with a 
■.lean wet cloth. It ix Ihcn ironed In the usual way wilh a tinl-irnn, 
and is ready tor the ftlovtinx oprrntlun, Por ib>« purpose 11 |>ecu1iar 
henry Qal-irun, ruimded at Ihc bolti>m. an briuhl as a mirrrir. is used. 

11 is pressed Armly upon the linen and rubbed wilh much force, Uld 
this triciionat action puu oa the gloss. "Elbow grease" b llie ' 
principal secret connected with tlie art of glossing linen. 



IJO 



What bve»y one sitouu> know. 



Linen— (lutag for.— Add » t«Mpoon(ut at will nnd ane o\ find) 
icniiicil vliiir BMip lu ii pint of starch. 

Linen < Scorched y— to restore,— To reHore icarcbed linen, peel 
And slirc iwo onions; cxiraci ihc juice by pounding nad squcetuig; 
add (o thE juk>r Imlf nri mmcc of cut liiie white loap, iwa «un(>M of 
fuller* rjirtti. m<\<\ h.df a \\\n\ i>( vlncipic; boil nil lUKtihcr, When 
cool, tpreail ii i.iv<.t ihe ncirtlicd linen and Id it dry on: then waah 
niiO IhiiI oui Ihif linen, and Ihc spots vriW iliuppeur. unlcBi bum«d 
lo budljr as lo brca)< Ihe thread. 

Linen— Kent for.— Take o( djiraafik-roiie Icorci, one pound; muik. 
one-half dram: vlolcl Icnvci,. three ouncci; mix them, and put ihem 
In B hnji. 

Lineo— to remOTC ir«n mold bom. — Hold ihe iron moM on ihe 
cover «f a tankard of boiling water, and rub on the spot a little juice 
of sorrel and a little «all; and when the cloth has ihoroughljr imbibed 
the juice WRiih It In lye. 

LinimMit. — No better liniment (or tiruites on iDAn or beMt wa« 
ever used than equal pans of laudanum. Hlchohol, and oil o( worm- 
wood. It reduces (he swelling rapidly, if inflamed, and lemovea 
soreness like a charm. The sooner applied, of course, the better. 

Liniment iM*;-lrecdl. — May-weed btauoms put into alcohol 
make a vufK'rif>r Linrmcnl, 

Liniment (ArnicA).- Add to one pint of sweet oil, two tablek|>oon- 
full of tincture of arnica; or the leares may be heated tn the oil ovct 
a slow fire. Good for wound*. »IilI joints, rheumatism, and ail in- 
jufiei. 

LJolmmt (Bhsteringl. — One part Spani>h flies, flnely powdered; 
three of latd: and one of yellow mi n. Mix the Urd and resin lu- 
Krther. and add Ibc diet when Ihe oilier inKredienis bcfpa lo cool. 
To render it more active, add one pint of spirits turpentine. 

Liniment (English Stable) — very strong.— Oil of tplke, auua- 
ammonia. hnil nil (lE tur|irii[i»r, rnch IKO cunceA; twcci oil. and oil 
oi amber, each one umX une-lialf ounce; oil of origsnum, one ounce. 
Mix 

Liniment (Mexican Muttnng;).- Petroleum, olive oil, and car- 
bonate ammomn. tucb i^ijua! pnrlt, and mix. 

Liniment (Nerv« and Bone.i. — Itcrf's khII. one quart; alci>hol, 
one pint; volatile liniraeni, one pound: spirits of turpentine, one 
pound; oil origannm. (outouncn; aquaammonia, four ounces: tinct- 
ure of cayenne, ooc-half pint; oil of amber three ouncci; tincture 
Spanii^h llicii, six oun(r»; mix well. 

Lialmvnt for Old Soret.— Alcohol, one (juarl; aiiua ammonia, 
four ounces; oil of orignnum, two ounces; camphor gum, two ounces; 
opjumtwo ounces; gum myrrh, two ounces; common salt, twoiabl^ 
ppooM. Mix. Bnil ■hake occasionally for n week. 

LliiJBimt (Good Sam«ritan),— Tnke nineiy-elithi per cent, alco- 
I'ol, two quarts; and add lo it Ihe following Alt Idea: Oikofsossa- 
liaa, hemlock, spirits of lurpoulinc, tincture o( cayenne, catechu. 






i4'ffA r £ VES r 0XR Sf/0 OlD A'ATQ W. 



«JI 



guaiax and laudanum, of ^«cb. one ounce; tlncrare of inytth. lour 
ounru; oU of origdnuin, Iwo ounc«»; oil of wIntcrKrecii. onc-haJf 
ounct: g;um camphoi, (wo ounce*; And chloroform, one anil one^half 
ounccM. This it one of Ihe bolt appiicaCiooK fur inicmHl pains 
known. 

Liium«Dt <,Cook'8 Eltclto-Magneticl^Rcsi nkohol, one gallon; 
oil »( amber, clgtil ounces; gum cwnpliar, eight ounce*; Ciwllle Hoap, 
ttiuvi^d line, iwo ouncFt; heci\ k«1I. f"U' ounces; nmmoal*. ihrcc V.'» 
MriinE. Iwclve ounces; mix, nnil shake uctutionalljr fur twelve hour*, 
and il it fit (or um. This will be loiuid ft etiong and valuftble llni> 
mem. 

Liniineat (London) — Take chlorofoim. ntivc oit, and aqua am- 
nioniu. of c.kIi one oiinrF: niFlate of morphia, len j{ rains. Mix vnd 
use at t'thcr lii)iincnli. Very vutuable. 

Linuoent iP«r«l]rtic). — Sulphuric ether, »lx ounce*; alcohol, Iwo 
□uncci; laudanum, one ounce; oil of lavender, one ounce; mix.ond 
cork lighily. In a icccni caxc of para1y*i» Ici tlic whole cxunt o( 
tlie nitnili ^urfarc be (hocouKhly bathed and nilibcd with this prapara- 
lion for several minutes, utiinK the hand, uc Ic^it three Umev daily; 
Bi the same time uke internally twenty drops o! the same in a little 
sweetened water. 

Liaimcnt (Rarey's^ — Sulphuric cihcf, lour ounces; haruJiom, 
four ounce*, oil of migaiium, (our ouncn; alcohol. lour ounc«s; 
awcct oil, four ounces. Shake well before uun^. For sjirains on 
horses, etc.. apply by nibbing, and cover with a light flannel ban- 
dage. For headache, rub a little on the templa and apply a ban- 
dage wet with llir liniment tn the fcirrheivl. 

Llnlmoot—ror sprains and bruiMs. — For Ktrnin. »pr*>n. hruiM 
or brnken Inine in either man or beast, dissolve k>"" camphor in 

Iiweet oil iind rub on three times a day with flannel or woolen cloth, 
wrapping tip the wound with the cloth after rubbing It In. I hav« 
tried the above and kiiniF in value. 
Lining Boxca with Babbitt Metal.^Tn line boxes properly, lO 
aatoiiiHuir thi-ir Itllin^ every time, it ii necesaary to heat the box.1 
ncaily icd-hol. i>r h( Iciist hot cnoujth to melt Ihc metal. Tbenj 
ttnolicllie ahaft where the n)ci,il is tn be pourctl upon It. ThI* In- 
■tires Its coming out o( the Ijox rnhily. after ti la cold. After »moI[-'| 
ing the i.hatl, put It Into the box or Imxes, and driiw mme putty | 
mound the ends of them, for the purpose of sioppinx them, taltine ' 
care not to press u|inn it, for if you do it will go Into the box and fin 
• place that ought to be filled with mclat; and, in the meantime, your 
metal ought to be heated, and after you have poured It, let the box 
ftand till it i« nearly ri>ld; drive out your shaft, and it it done. 
Lip* (Chftpped}^to Ctir«.~L)ii<Bolve a lump of beeswax in a small , 
ouaniity of »weel oil— over a candle — let it cool, and it will be reodjTl 
for use. Ruhbing ii warm on the lips two or ihrcc lime* will effect »] 
cure. 
Lip> (.Cracked},— Lipt n<it unltcquonlly, aspaclally iu cold 



IW 



WHAT EVERY ONE SHOULD kW'OW. 



WMlher. crack «o badlp «■ to mUi oay ol ihc usual lip talvcC 
4nd wht'D Ihit U the CHM. il niHy be dciinibk 10 touch th« cr 
with a litlie oxide <>[ linc. which will (rcqucnily promote a cur 
The oxide may be applied by mean* ai n umcU-tuilr brush. 

Lip Salve (Rose).— I. OU o[ almomU, thrwe ounces; RlkAiiec, half 
an initu'e. Lei tbcin •inniJ toeethcr in a warm plftc« until Ihc oil it! 
culured. (hen itrain. Mcll one ounce nnil a hull tA while whx. Btiil hulf 
w ounce of spermaceii wiih ihe oil, »tir lill it begins to ihicker, and 
add iwctvc drops of aiur ol roses. 2. While wax. one ounce; al- 
mond oil. two ounces; ntbanel. one dram, Dleesl In a warm place 
till tinfficicntly ri)1»rril. Hir.'kln, nxiA »(ir in cTx dropi o( aiur of 
roses. 

Liquid — to make boil without fiie.— HmlnR placed In a bot- 
tle a small itnantlty of brass fiUngs; then you will perceive a sITong 
boilinjc, so ihat ihc boitle will Mppcar Itilt. and Ihe phial will liecome 
•o warm that ymi CMinoi touch it withmii bein^ bumcil. 

Liquors— to cle*r aod fine.— After all ihe article* used lo pre. 

flare any kind ol liquors arc put in. and Ihey do not become penect- 1 
y clear, you mill draw Inio a barrel which has hut one haulorbot4 
lotn in il, with a faucet near the bottom, and Ufl into each tiUT«n 
from one i» two ounces pulreriied lime, which will cauM evrry itn* 

Kritr to seitle, when it can be drawn uu'Jn and returned to dean 
rreis or bottles as desired. While vines are seaeralty fined by 
Jsinjila'ts in (he proportion of one and one-half ounce ((^Molvcd lit 
one Hni] unC'liitl pini^ of water and thinned with Boaic of the wine) 
to ihc buKsheail. Red winet xre Kcneially Tincd with Ihe whiles of 
eggs, in the proportion of loetve to ei|Ehteen 10 eairh pipe: they must 
be well Iwaten to n froth, with about one pint of water, and afler- 
ward mined with a tittle of the wine before adding to the liquor, 
RummsKe well. 

Where s-pititK are mentioned, il fienifies hiKh wiim recti Ged and 
reduced to hydrometer proof. I'.-xioi spirits ftientlica the »ame thing. 
Comninn whisky is much below this proof, but * good subsiiiurc 
may Iv produced from rccii6e<l trhitky by dcfnlvlng It of Itt tavie and 
odor, l>v means of a process which renders It suitable for use, Tbe 
whisky should be ol proper strength, and treated as follows (the 
proceas destroys the fusil oil, and precipitate* the verdigris to the 
bottoml- 

To fi>riy gallons whisky odd ooe and one-half pounds unslaked 
tHne. three-fourths of a pound powdered alum, and one-half pint 

Sirils iif ni(cr: stir well and let staml (wcnty-fout hours. Then 
■■ oA into anoiher cask. aviidioK the ^cilimctit. It is then fit for 
use. All oils used must be tut in ninety per cent, alcohol, using ooe 
4|tiBit alcohol 10 two ounces oil. and should stand twenty-four noun 
before uslnx. 

Liquors — coloriac; for. — Take one-half [>ound white suKor. put It 
Into an iron ketile, moisten a tittle, let it boil and bum to red. black 
and thick, remore from the fire, and put in a little hot water to pfe> 



m/^ r F.VF.ftv o.vn shovld kkow. 



vn 



I 



«mt il banlcnini! as U cool*. Use tlii* lo colnr tny liquors m^eding 
color, to youi taslc. or as nrar [he txilvr of the liquor you imitutc as 
you can. Tincture kino U a good color and ont ounce gum lo one 
pint jit<oli'>1 niukc^ ih<^ (inclurc. 

Liquid iDisinlccling).— The (ollowlng I* n tubtlliuie tor chloride 
ri[ lime, ami |JUMrs?>c-t (liid ureal advaniAjre, thai i( Is nol so Boon es- 
huuitcd; Take two tablet poonfu Is of kitchen Milt (chloride ofsodiuni), 
two (easpoofifuls of red lead (ileuioxidc of lead), a large win«^us(iil 
of (fimmoii »uti>hiiric acid, And water. Iniroducc thcsolid Kubsiuicca , 
into J. I>iillk uith tiomc nmcr. then add the lulpliurlc acid sradually, 
gently shaliini; the buttle at InlcrvalR. A portion o( the sulphunc 
acid coinbitiex with the red lead, forming tk sulphate, which a pre- 
cipltalcd: another portion attacks the Mdium of [he sail, and sets [he 
chlorine at tilieity. which li at once dissolved in the water. In order 
to u»c the Ullcr. |i<iur It Inici asaucer offering a suinclcnily liuKC sur< 
face for e\'a[iorikII"n: llic chlorine u 111 then be gradually cvoli-ed, and , 
disinfect the ajiurtinvnt. 

Lobsters— how to select. — Lobsters, recently caught, have always 
some remains ot muscular action in the claws, which may l>c excited 
by pressing the eyes with the finiier; when Ihiit cannot be produced, 
the lobster muM have l>ccn ton lonK kept. When boiled, the toil pre- 
serves its cl».>iiirity if fresh, but lo»e» it »» vion as il becomes stale. 
The heaviest lobsters arc the bcsl; when IlKht they are iralcn umI 
poor. I len lobster may generally be known by the spawn or by Uw 

breadth (>{ the " flap." 

Lobster Baked in its Shell.— Roll the lobiier. After removing ' 
the meat, put it in a saucepan with a otiarlcr of a pint of cream or 
rich milk, salt, and a des*erlR>oonful of butter rolled in flour: stir It 
to keep from oiling: when all the ingredients are well mixed, pour 
them into the shell ind bake in the osen unid of a light brown color, 
then Mrve hot. Froh codlith and halibut are both exccllcm C(M>kcd 
in this miinncr. 

Lobaters' Claws.— When tending lobster or crabs to the Uble, 
the cUws ate not only a neat fmish to the dish, but there Is much o( 
the l>csi anil sweetest meat to be found in them, but not very ea«ily 
secured. E'lnce some nut crackers on the table to ojien the cUws with 
and all cliffirully In overcome, 

Lockj*W— temedieator.— 1, The following is said to be a positive 
cure: Let any one whohas an atiai:k of lockjaw lake a small quantity 
of spirits of turpentine, warm il and pour it on the wound, no miitlct 
wheic the wound is or what is it* nature. Reliel will follow in less 
than one minute. Turpentine iii »\w n sovcrolicn tenedy for croap. 
Saturate a piece of Cannel with it and place on to the Ihroai. chest, 
and, in severe coiies. three to five drops on a lump of sugar, may be 
Ukcfi internally. 

a. II uny i^erson It thrctuened with lockjaw from Injuries to (he 
arms. less, or feel, do not wait lor a doaor. but put the part injured 
in the loTlowiuc pteparatian; Put hot wood whe* into water ss wanu 



t74 



WlfAT EVERY OlUB SHOULD KNOW. 



M Ckn be bom«: if Ibc Injured pftn cannot b« pul into water, then 
trel (hkk folded cloths in thr tralct Ami *pply Ihem lo (he p«n m 
iKwn M pOMlbIc, and «t the »aiiie time bathe the baek.bonc from ih* 
neck down with aoine luative slimulanl — say cayenne pepprr and 
water, or mtuit&rd *nd wntcr (Ko«d vtncgnr lii bntcr than wstor): it 
should be oi hot as the pHiient caii bear it. Don't heailale; goto 
work anil do it, and don't Kiop until the i»wK will come open. No 
penod need die <A lockjaw if these directions are followed. 

3. Take a red-hot coal (rom (he fircaod pour twccloll (olive oD) 
o«i it; then hold the wounded port over the thick tmokc, as near as 
pnMJblc without burnioK. It will tie neecstary to repeat the opera- 
tion two or three lime* a day. This remedy h*s been known to cure 
after jaw* had commenfed to Ret stiff, 

LoESkDd Plftnks-to prevent from splitting.— Logn and ptanka 
•pllioi the end* tx-c.iiix'- \\\K cipoicil lurtacc dries fiutct thai) the in- 
aide. Saturate murialri: acid with lime, and ajipty like whitew:»h to 
the end*. The chloridc^of colcium formed altruirti inoisiute froni the 
air, and prevents ibc tpUiiing. 

Ltrnking-glaM — to clean. — i. Remore. with a lUnip npoflHe. Ily- 
itain* *nd other »"ilFt (llie njioniic may tic dnnipeocil with «*Ier or 
Spirits of wine). After this, dust the surlace with the riiivat sHied 
wfaititiK Of [Kiwder-blnc, and poliih it with a silk hnndkcichief or soft 
cloth. SnuS ol canille, t( quite free from grease, is bn cucellent pol- 
ish for a lookinK-KlHS*. 

s. Remove «li Hy stains iind dirt by lirentfiinKon them and rubbJns 
with A »oft rug. then lie up some iwudcr-blut.- in a pjece of Ihidc 
dannel. anil with (his carefully polish the whole surface. 

Lotion— for butiu, cuts, etc.^For the cure of tium». cuts, soies 
and boils, take of jimp^nTi »erd ITowcrs. tnultctn (towers and bark of 
the coitimon elder, about a handful of each. Ifcil these logFiher; 
ciniln, then add four ounces beeswaji and four ounces mutton tallow. 
Boll It down, then i.ikc It off, and when nearly cool add one ounce 
pim curnjilmr. .nnit one tablespoon I ul of spirils of (uiijcnline. 

Lounge Cover.^A lovely lounge cover cr civcrlct for an invalid 
can be made of taiirfin neckties, old bonnet pieces and scrap* of sUk. 
Cut the jpatiern of a hciagon. five inches from the center to the outer 
edge. Put n center of black silk on velvet nbuut two ini^hes In diame- 
ter, and piece arotmd this in toc-cahin »iy!c. prcscrvinK the form 
throujchoui. Twelve will make « very co'id-tizcd coverlet. Pul to- 
Kelher with squares of black silk or vvlvci. and lined with brishl 
nacinel pinked on the cdj^ts. so that it projects a little on the right 
side. Wool pieces make a very pretty doc, too. 

Labficators— Wkystoinak*.— t. India rubber, tour iHiundii. dis- 
solved in spirits of turjwniine: oiimnon soda, ten pounds; lytue. one 
pound: water, ten gallons, oil. ten gnlloni. Dissolve ihesoduand 
glue in the water by heat, then add the oil. and lastly, the dissolved 
rubber. 

1. Ta Ltiun Fruiian i» MacMntry. — Grind tugethcr bloak kad 



WilA T E VES Y OUE SHOULD KNO W 



aw 



Kiih four time* ll« ndichi nl lard or t&Ilow. Camphor !» sometime* 
added, itcveii iKiunda to th« hundred treiKht. 

3. Ariti.l-riilifn Grtatt. — Tallow, one hundird puands: palm oil, 
seventy poundi; boil togelher when cooled to eishty decree*. »I>ain 
thruuf(h& tleve, nnd mix with tncnty-cighl poundi soda, and one and 
one-fault iCNllon* of water. For wlnier (alec twenty-five pound* more 
oil in place of the tiillDH'. 

4. koelh't Knilumy Axte Grtaie. — Water, oiw gnllon; clenn tallow, 
three piiuflds: palm oil. six poundi; common soda, one-half pound, 
or IsUciw. two poundi. palm oi!. icn poundt. Heat to about two 
hundred &nd twelve dcjirccii, and «tlr wellunltl it cools at seventy de- 
glee*. 

5. lyrill LfirUatar — For wrought iron, uw one pound soft soap 
mixed with one gallon of boiling water. It tniurcx good woric ana 
clean cut tin k- 

L timber —facts about.— I'hai drying lumber does not soason it, 
and sranoniiiK liiint"^r is not (liyinK >t' Thai any amount of common 
air dryioK docn nut ncctMarily, if ever, produces ihoroush shrlnlc> 
age. even though ihe time be ft hundred years. That (ime.hax noth- 
ing to do with cliher seasoning shrinking or drying, but is alone the 
result of condition nnd heat. That lumber may be thoroughly 
seuoncd without ticini; eilher dried or shrunk. That lumber may he 
made as dry as desired, and vet not be seoauned at all. and wiihonly 
a partial or very slight shrintagc. Thai common air never t,easons 
lumber, though l( dries it. and can never mure Ihan parlinlly >,hrink 
the wood. That seasoning. shrinkinK and dryiuK are c^ich trparaic 
and dislinM operalions. and in moftt cases di> not deuend upon each 
other. That Ihey are all necenary. though not in trie same degree. 
That the order of their value to the wood is in the order named, the 
seiKsiTniiii^ tirini: <A thi^ greatdl. and the dryinj; of the *cat[ value. 

LuflE'^t^ "(^"^^'i t)!* atAte of.— Uihw in &* much bieaih «• 
you conveniently (sn, then count »■■* loni* ax ]ioHsibte in n slow and 
audible voice wiihoui drawing in more breath. The Dumber of sec. 
onds must be carefully noted. In a consumptive the lime does not 
exceed ten. and is fre<|uently lets than six seconds; In pteurii^y nnd 
pneumonia it ranges from nine lo four seconds. When the lunj* arc 
sound the lime will range m high as from twenty la Ihiiiy-rive sec- 
onds. To expand the lungs, go inio the air, stand erect, throw back 
(he head and shoulders, and draw in the air through the nostrils as 
niiirh as potslble. After having then filled the lungs, raise y our nims. 
still extended, and suck In the air. When you have thus toiced the 
arms backward, with the cheM open, change the process by which 
you draw in your breath, till the lungs are emptied, (iu ihcuugh the 
ptoi'CH sever.-il times 11 day and it will enlarge the chest, give the 
lun|{s better play, and wn'e very much 10 ward off coasumptlon. 

Lunch Basket.— Take ooy shapnl basket desired, lay n piece of 
paper on the ouiside snd cui a, piiiircn nfl iti then cut of dark blua 
dolh and transfer crclouac tluwert by buttoiuhvle-slilcliiug tha odgnb 



nf, 



iV»AT JSVEMV O.V£ SHoOLD A'XOie. 



faxton the ctoih on the tuwkct, and Snkh the edcct with a lull rucb- 
inK of uiin ribboa. The handle bM loop« t4 the ribbon on ihe upfxr 
side. ODil linithed si Ibo skin ■with full bows. Throl)(ll Ihe center ol j 
ihe pulled ribbon sew « fine iiill cord. 

Lungs — (o pmtect Eroindiwt. — In latta labot one Iim often toca>0 
coucitrt A liuiuul lunoani o( don. A simple «nd clw>p proicaloa ' 
fruoi 8u<h an annojrancc Utu xet a |i«r<c of tfongn Unfc enough to 
covet Ibc mwtrils und inoutb, hollow il mil on one ude with a pair oC 
Klfson to 6t the fooe. Utsch a string lo each side, and (te It on. 
Firat wet It well, sml ■igucetc out inmt ai the vatcT. Rcpest ihia 
trbenav«r the »ponsr becomes dry. All ihcduit willbccaufht intbe 
dainp cavitiei, hthI ii h cMtly washed 'Hit. 

UuartMU— to cook.— Break it into inch piecei. put inio a uuce- 
pui, caver with cnid water and a desiertspoonful of wtlt- Lcl It cook 
ttnwiy llll i:ofl. then Itkhc a (lt%h. «ich as you w<>uld «calk>|i oytiletS 
in, balirr il well, llien pul In n layer <if uiacaroai. Ami nclla layer of 
grated cbrete. fill yi>ur ditih. covering the tup with cheeie. Il wil) 
bear cniiderable salt. Then All up with milk and what liquor wm 
left in I hr mucc-p.in, 

Macwooi with Btoth.— I*ut half a pound •.>( macsronl. boiled and .' 
WMhrd in colil wairr. over a Arc with Hny kind of broth, or one pint 
of old Kravy and water, seaaon it lo laate with pepper anit nnli. and 
let it heat slowly for an hour, or less if you arc in n hurty; then lay it 
nn a flat (ti«h. ond sirew ol'cr It a few brcad-eruinlM;: then srl il in the 
uvea. <>t la front of ihe fire, tii brown. Il ii delicioua aud very 
hearty, 

HMUeni (ItaliAnl. — Take one-fourth pound macaroai, boil it in 
wfttet until tender; thicken one-half pint milk with two lableipooa- 
(uli flout; add two table»paonfuli cican*. one-half table* pooafuImtU' 
lard, a lillle whiir pepper, and iiali; Mir In this one-half pound gntcd 
chene; biiil all l'>)ccilic[ u few mlnulck; add Ihe isacaroni; boti ten 
minutes. Thii it ilic ni'ide udnptcd at the best tables in Florence. 

Macaroni —nutritiou* for invalid*.— Slew the macaroni In wawr 
unlit (luile »oft. ami Atxin it cm ilic liock of a ulcre. Have ready a 
very vlront; jfravy »iock <>( oi-hccl. or calvct' feci, piucr ifactnocaroai 
in it, stew ihem tofcelher for twenty minulrs. and serve up. 

Maouvni — with tomato sauce. — Sauce: Put butter, the niic of an 
*gg. into a hiucc-pan; when II I* at the bolllnii point throw In on < 
onion (minced), two t.prig;t of parsley, chopped line, and a titile pep- 1 
per. 1.CI il ccHik Ave or eiicht minuir* loni^. Now pour in a cofff>> 
cup of lunialoe<i which hare been slewed and strained Ihrout;)! a col- 
andar; Mir all logciher. Boil your macanmi in s.nll water tiniil ten- 
der: put lo a layer of fnacaronl. in a bukinifdiiJi, pour over wiuce 
and ocnin macaroni, and hare sauce on the top; set in a niodcraic 
iivcn lor three minutes. Serve Immcillulcly, 

IdACUVol— with white sauce.— Vr'iirm half n pound of macaroni 
boiled and waahed 'n\ •"hi uaivr. In the fnllowing sauce, and use it ■■ 
tooa u it i* boi: Stir logciher over the Crc one ounce each of butter 



S^JfA r SVER V O.VF. Sl/OVI.t> KffOlV. 



•77 



And flour, pouring in one pint of boilinK H-ater und milk as soon u 
the bultci nnd flour «rc mucd. Smon ii wiih bhTi and pepper lo 
lotie. anil put Ihc nuFMraoi Into ii_ ThU dish a veiy (Ooid ftnd 

M AC »r«nl— proper waj to cook. — I look lite p^ns la gO. ao au- 
thenljc recipe lor toukinji; macnroni, Mnil for all who wish n raosC do- 
licloiu, CAsy and cheap (I till. I write il: Take Ihrcc pln[« of 1)e«( 
Roup, clear, and put one ptmnd n( roitcaionl In li. an:l liolt fifteen 
minutes, with a Utile hrIi: then take up ilic ma<irc/iii — nliicli should 
have abvorbcd neurly till llie ]i<tuid~and put it on a. flat pinte, and 
•priokle grated cheese over It thickly, and pnur over nil plentifully n 
Mtucc mode of tamaioen. well boiled, slrainvd. and seasoned niih (>nli 
and pepper. Some people prefer to only put the (hcese on ii. but I 
prefer it with the toninto »» well, If nnyhoily don't like tliikl when it 
ij diinc. it i* because lliiv d""'l know whal n KDod. 

Macaroons — ^Hiclcorynutl.— Make frnsiiit|{ as for cake; stir In 
cnouflh puunded hkk'Mviiui meals, with mixed ground spice tu loste, 
to make convenient to liundlr. Ftour Ihc handii and fonn the mix- 
lure Into little IjntI* I'Uceoii buttered tint, allowing ronm !■> spread 
ami buke in a. ([uiik oven, 

Mackeiel— how to Miect,— Mackerel must be perfccilp fresh, of 
it is a very indiRercni lish; it will neillier beat carriage, nor boinii 
kept many hours out of ihe wiler. The firmneiis of the llnh and (he 
clciriirn of Ihc cyr*. must he the frfterlon of frwh niacknol. as ihcy 
iiic ii( all uihci hsh. 

Mackerel— to prejer»e for montho.— Mackerel, being at certain 
times exceedingly plcnliful. mny be preserved to moke an excellent 
and wcll-Havored dlih. necks of inunths after the scHtinn is past, by 
the followiiiK Rie«ns: H.ivini; <hi>sen fine fi»li. cleaned them pcT- 
torlty. Hnd either boiled them or lightly fried them in oil, ihe lish 
■hould be divided, and the bones, heads, and skins being removed, 
they should then be welt lubtted over with Ihc followInK scMonlng: 
For every dozen gaod-tiied h»h. it ivill be requisite lo use three 
tablespoon (u's of salt (henped). one nimce Hn<l n half of common 
black pepper. »lx or eight cloves, and a lillle niucc. flnet; powdered, 
asil as muth nutmeg, grated, as Ihe operator chooses lo nSord. not, 
however, exceeding one Dutmes. Lei Ihe whole tarfftce be well 
covered with Ihc scAxonlng: then lay the hsh in layers, packed inio a 
■lone joi (not n gtnieit one); i:over the whole with prctlvgDud vln- 
eK"'. and. if it tic Inlcnded to be lone kept, pour salad oil or melie<l 
suet over Ihe t^p, N. B.— The gtating on earthen ian Is made from 
lead or arsenic, from which vinegar draws forth poison, 

Madeira Shell Boats.— These are pretty for ChriHtmas trees, and 
please the litilc on». Take half n »hcll. clue n iiknder mast in, and 
put In a iA\\ 111 ^itt or >iilver paper. They will sail nicely. 

Magnetic Pain Killer. — Laudanum, one dram; gum camphor, 
lour dram«; oil of cloves, onc-half dram; oil o( lavender, one dram; 
add then to one ounce akotiol, six drams sulphuric etbcr, and five 



B7> 



WlUT EVERY ONE SJJOULb KNOW. 



fluid dram> chloraronn. Apply with lini, nr for i»i>ih.ichc nib on Ih* 
gum*, and upon the tsce ■i:;iiii«( ih<r irclh. 

H^iVi?— to sive A rich color to. — IngrFdicnu: Oii« plm of 
Cold-dTaivn liniecd oil, ten ccnls worth o( alknneiroin. and five renin 
•rorlh of rotir'-pink. Put ihcic Insredlents inio nn rkcthcn basin, slir 
ihcin well, sn<i Icuvc Ihrm iiiic niKht; then, bftvinic Rsshed Uie fur< 
niturc per[c(tl>' clean irith vinen&T, and removed all itoini. cover It 
lightly Kith the nboTe. on n loft ra^;. Lmv« Jl lor »ainc hoar*; then 
polish oil wiih hflt:n cloiht. 

M*hoK«n7— to rfinovc lUins from. — InsTFclients: Six parli of 
siiidt!! of siills. onr iMrt of ^;lll^ "i k-mon. Mix (hem And keep them 
in n boltle, coiltetl. Wlien required (or u»e, drop ■ little <A the mlx- 
liirr oEi iUl- ii.iins, and mb ihcm uniil they dluppcar. 

Msho|cAny-to remove hot-water insrlM.~The whitish slain left 
on ■ H]iiiii>K»"y Ijblr bynjiiitui bnUinit wMlrr. or a rory hot ilish,; 
may be remi^vcrl dy rulibin^ in "il, iiml aflcrwurd puurtng > littlel 
spirits <i( wine on ihe *pot and rubbina it dry with n soft cloth 

Manure from Bones. — Tukc one hundred pounds of bones, brnken 
into u! >-in;tl1 friK^mrntft as pnuiblc; park ihcm in a lijthl citk or box , 
with one hundred pounds of f^ood wood uhes. Mix with the axhe*,! 
beftiie p.ickiiig, tweiiiv.fivc pounds of slaked lime nnd twelve pounds* 
ol ii.il-h<ielii, pijwderetl line. It will require about twenty )f>>'['>'<^ r>( 
water <•> ^.kiuiare the mius, uid more may and iihoiiid In- nilded fmia 
time to time V> miiinlaiii nioiBlure. In twti or three weeks, ii ii u. 
*ertcd, the bones will he broken donn ctunplelely. nnd Ihe whole in»)r 
be turned out upon j floor and rnixed wilh two bushels ol drj' peat or 
KcKid «oit; nnd. after drying. It is lit for u.<e. It has been rcri>i)l> 
mended !•> pour milo this mass dilute sulphuric Hi-id to aid dccompo> 
iii.ion and prevent the escape of uiiimonia. 

Another method is to lake a kettle holding a barrel or more; fill 
with bnncs; pour cousiic lye over lo cover them. A Kentlc fire !i 
built for two or three sui-ccssive dnys, tn barely waim the liquid 
through. In a week the Lkiiic!i will beriimc Hoftcnvd. Mix the miws 
with three lonil* of muck, afterward addiiiK the leached ashes, from 
which the lye was ohinincd. Lei the whole remain, in order to de- 
C(imin)4i- Ihe tiiuik, nnd npply. 

M»nufe— to compost,— Mixing manure or tertill«cr» is laborious 
work, nnd if timhiiiK 19 gained by it. it is labor IohI. Uut sumethinjt 
may be gained by it when the condition of the malerial can be charted 
for the belter, and at the same lime Something may be Ion when any. 
IhiriHl I'^ii be rhnn|{''d for (he worse. In compomlng, for instance, 
such raw Bubstancc* «s sw*mp muck, leaves, lAsnery wastes, with 
manure, ur in mixing various manures, us from Ihe horse stable, cow 
sheds, pig.pens. and poultry house, valuable results mav be obiaincd : 
while in mixing lime or wood ashes with manure, and especially iu 
mixini; the lommon fertillier with poultry manure and w<>i>d nshes, 
harm may be doiit^ kfid valuable (ertiltiing matter may be w;isled. 
In the one <iui« die more oclivily fermenting hoi*( ui pi); manisrc 



H'//A T EVF.KV O.VS SltOUl.P KA'Oif. 



*N 



Will serve 10 decompose more icadily ihc rolder tow mAnure. and to 

K>dace decocn position In Ihc abundant Utter or rjtw mititcr that ■Dny 
ro been uoccl. Betictes, when ibe whole mitnurc heap hns been re- 
duced to an even »nd hom<>|tenouicond<lii>ri knil <(Ualily, il i« made 
more valuable (ur use in the field, nnd ncilliet unduly or wasiefiilly 
enriches one poKJon o( it while inadeQuatelv fcriiliiing another por. 
tion. It U, therefore, a judicious and uieful pcivciicc lo mix these 
manure* or theiie Kubttances In the heap, cither In (li« yard or the 
field, and h» aAA <on»idcraMy (■> lite value of a pun withuul detract- 
ing from the value of other portion!. But in Ibe other rase much 
barm may be done by mixinjic nnv vubsUnees in the heap which may 
exert an Injurious action upon the others. This may happen when 
lime or wond Mhes are mixed with the manure or with the poultry 
manure; and the more liaim Is done, the ilrlicr in arnmoniathe mn- 
nure may be. Lime knd potash are alkalict. *nd wlici) fresh arc in n 
CAUSlic condition — that is, Ihejr ar« free from carbonic acid, which, 
when combined with an alkali, renders it neutral, or mild and inert. 
When fresh lime or wood ashes arc mixed with mnnuie Ihcy nl once 
M<ik to combine with carbonic acid, from whiilever source they can 
procure il. Ammonia i» nn Hlkali, and in manure is Kcneialiy in com- 
bioaliun with carbonic ncid as carbonate of ammonia. The lime or 
wood ubcs takes the carbonic acid from (his carbonate of ammonia, 
and the ammoniit escapes as f^aa into the air, and so far nt [hu on tier 
of ihe manure il concerned ilil» amnumlji U lost, anil a> iimnionia U 
the mutt valuable and cosily fcrliliiitiK clement in csiBlcncc. Ihe loss 
U very serious. It I* easy, however, to avoid this luss by using the 
lime at (lie B).hcs by themselves on ibc soil, and not with the manure 
directly, in which way they will do as much good. 

But iiomelimes il Is advhiable lo mix lime or wood a«br« in a com- 
pos( heap, an<l (hi* may be dune Mfcly when the special behavior of 
iheiie three indispensable substances are understood. If Ihe manure 
is (juile fresh there is very little ammonia in it, and if there Js more, 
a large proportion of absorbeal mutter, ok swamp muck In the heap 
wilt alMoib nod hold It, and carbonic acid will he producc^l by III <le- 
cumpotilion in l^ulnctI^n( quantiiy to saturate (be alkali of the lime or 
ashcH or to take uji the ummoniii as East us il is formed or set free. In 
laci, a farmer who undersianda (be chemical decomposl linns and com- 
binations which go on In a heap of decavinx manure or compost may 
Uhc lime and wikkI asbca with satc(y and Bdvantaite. With recard to 
(he common mlxtuic o( ash(%, hen mnnurr, and pluMcr. this may 
lie safely and benericially made ut Ihe lime i( is (u be used, hut not if 
it is to remain mixed fur any cuiisidcrublc (im« previously. 

Mwinre (BArnH-sub>(ittite for.— Dissolve a bushel ol salt in water 
rnouith (o tiakc lite "t >\\ hukhcis of Ijmc. The best rule for jite|>ar- 
injn Ihe cumiHiM hejil i>. one huthrl of this lime lo one loud uf sHiimp 
tnuek, iiitima(cly mined; lh»ui;h three bushels to five load* make a 
very good manure. In layinK up (be heap, lei Ihc laver of muck and 
Itme be thin, so that dccompodllon rnxf be more rapid and completa. 



sBo 



WHAT EVERY OXE SlIOVLD A'A'OM^. 



When lime cannot be got, uic nnlcachcd Mhe* — three or four btuheli 
10 a cord of muck. In a monili or *ix weeks. ove>t»ul and work OT«r 
Ihc heap, when It will be rewly for u«. Sprinkle Ihe »ali waier on 
Ihe time »« the heap K>>e« up. 

Maaure — fromua, refuse, etc.— The fiih nwciiufeniliiinK value 
lo [he animol matter anU boiic-ciclh Hhicli it cotitnini. The farmer 
ii precisely tlmiUr lo (leth or Mood, consUtiiiK •>' «"cniy-fivc per 
cem. of fibrin, the reit bcin^ water, and their bimti are 4iinil;ir id 
C»rop<>hition [ti those of leneMtiaJ nnimal*. A* fiTlili/io({ "(tent*. 
therefore, (he liodici of hthcs will net nearly in the ume oay ai (be 
boiliet atid blood of itiiimnls; one hundred pound*, in decaying, peo- 
duce two and a, hHlf pciundu of ammoaiu, Henec four hundred 
pounds of fitti rolled in cocnpoit are enough for an acre. The treat 
eflril i) due to the ammoniacnl portion ; tor it renders Ihe hcrbaice 
diitk tcri^Fn, and st.iris It very riiplilly, One of the bcM composts it 
made as foltows: Dried liojj-enrih, loam, or peat, seven barTel>;b*rd> 
wood .ishcii, two hiirrelt-; fish, one harrct: «ltiked litnc, cioc bushel. 
Placca thick Inyet <>1 ihe bu||t-eanh on the boltoRi: on the lop of Ihli, 
put a layer of Ihe fiBh. then a sprinkling of time, llien a laycri '_ 
ashoit; UQ top of the ashes put a thick layer of bog^artli, loam, or 
peai: then another ihin luycr of ftkh. lime, and nthes, and *a on till 
your mateTlah are worknl'ln: then lop off with a thick layer of Ihe 
abaorbenta, lo retaia Ihc (erliliiing (pues. The decomposliian of 
the A«h will proeced very rapidly, and a verf rich eoinpot't will be 
the result. It should be shovel^ over and over and Ihomuifhiy in- 
lermixed and pulveiiied. Put this on so ax to have four hiincifcd 
pounds of fish to thettere. It may be applied with Ihc gteiilesl tienc- 
nt to corn, turnips, potatoes, beftns. elc. in Ihe drill, and brood cut | 
on the |trat«, ] 

!Su(>rrphiiBphaie can be mode from pogy-chiuii. or the rofnae of ' 
other fish, alter the oil Is exprcMcd, by dissolving In sulphuric acid, 
and altemard mixing with dry loam. prcciBcly as directed lor mak> 
JnR superphosphate with bone*. Whale oil ot the oil of any fish, 
when made Into • compost with loam, and a little lime or woodofhes. 
yield* A very powerful manure, merely mixed with absorbent earth 
and applied al the end of the month. Impure whale oil. at the rats 
at forty gallons per acre, him prodticcd a crop of twenty-three and ■ 

Sioncr tons of turnipn |ier acre: while on the *».me doll, and daring 
etamc »cMon, it lr>uk forty bushels of bune-dutil lo prodticc only 
Iwenty-lwo ton* per acre. 

Manure — how to double Ihe uauiU quanlitT oa the farm. — Pro> 
viiji: a good supply of black tiWHinp itioiil or loam from ihc wood*, 
within easy teach at your sl.ilile. mid pUtc a layer of Ihin. one foot 
■hick, under each horse, with litter ns ii-iual on ilie top of the loa.ni or 
mold. Remove the droppings of the animals every day. but let the 
loam remain for two weeks, then remove ll. mixing It with Ihe other 
manure, and replace with fresh mold. By this simple ircbos any 
fanner can double not only the quantity but uIm> the ((ualiiy <il his 




WHAT EVERY ONE SHOULD KNOW. all 

mkniirr. and never Iccl WmiwU one penny ihc poorer by the Imibl* 
ur ciijcime mi:u(reiJ. wliile Ihe fcriili);in(t vnluc of Ihc ingredienis ab- 
sprbeU and hhvcJ by die losni can HCurcely be e»liinaied. 

jMuh Quinty, Jr., hiu lieen very Bucceoiful in keepl"K <aule in 
•tablcc ihu ycit through. and [eedinglheni by mcnnsuf tiollinit, Th« 
aiDount of manure ihuK made had enabled him (a improve the fFriili- 
ly ol a poor farm <■( one hundred acre*, no that In twenty yeara the 
hay c rap hud increuaeil from Ivrcnly to three hundred lont. The 
caille are kept in a nell-axnnKed stable, and are lei uul into the yard 
an hour or iwo momings and afternoons: but they ({enerally appoarj 
kUiI ii) return to tbcir quarters. By this process, one acre enables! 
him Ki huppoit three or four covm. They arc fed on grasi. gredil 
oats, corn fodder. Imrley, elc. whirh arc gown at Inlcrvalt ihrougllj 
the spring iinii lummer raonihs. to he cut ai required: hut he 
marks Ihal hii most valuable crop is his manure crop. Each c 
ptuducci three nnil a half cords <i( solid, and three cords of liquid' 
manure, c>t »Ik and a half <ord<< In all. Five to eittht mlkslrom iKm- 
lon. *u(h m*ourc i* worth from five to t^<|^A dollar* n cord. Prom 
thifr esiiinaic. he has come t» the conclusion that a cow'» manure may 
be made as valuable as her millc. 

Hanarc for Almost NMhine. — }( you have any dead animal — uy, 
tor in»i«nce, the body of u deail hone — do not suffer It to pollute the 
atmosphere by drawing it away to the iroods or any other nut-of- 
Ihc-way place, but remove ii n shun distance only from yout pt«ni- 
Iscs. and put doirn four or hvc loads of muck nr sods, place the car. 
COM thereon, and sprinkle it over with qurck-llmc, and cover over 
immediately with sods or molil sufficient to make, with what hod 
been previously added, twenty good iraxonloftd*. and you vlll have , 
within twelve months a pile of manure worth twenty dollars (or aafi' 
crop you choose to put it upon, t'se a proportionate quantity of 
mold (or smaller animals, but never less than twenty ^od wagon* 
looih (of a horse : and if any dogs manliest lougreala regard forlbe 
inclo«cd carcaa. aliooi them on the spot. 

Maaifold Paper. — A process by which several letters can be writ- 
ten at one time. It is commonly known as copying paper, Mi»j 
lard with black lead or Ump-black jnioasliil paste, rub it over (issue j 
paper with llannel, and wipe aH the superfluous quantity with a soft ' 
rag. These hhcets alternated with black carbon paper, a.id writlcit 
with D hard |vniil. vt\\\ pruduce several topics of a letter at once. 

Manuscripts— when almost illegible, to renerete. — Wash them 
lichily mul c.tiefuily wiih a vrry weak solution o( Icrro-cyanide of 
piiiHBh in vkiiii uatcr. 

Maple (Curled)— lo imitate.— Prepare a light yellow (or the 
ground, by mixing chrome j-cllon and white lead, tinged with Vene- 
tian red. The KiaininK color is a mixture of equal portions of raw 
sienna and Vandyke, cround in ale; sprttsd the surface to be graini 
in an even manner; then niib a piece of curk rub across the work 



■te 



WHAT RVF.KY ONE SJlOUiM KNOW. 



and fro. to fonn ihe k"""-* which ran sctohk Uie wood. Wbeo dr]r, 
vmrniih. 

Mftpk (Curled)— in oil for ontildc work.— PrefMire > rich >rouiuI 
bj- mixiiiK rh(i>rac ydlow. while li-^r] »iiU burned tErnn*. for ihe 

S;raining culor. Krfnil equal puits ni r.tw »lcniia iind iimbrr wiili a 
Itlle burned coppeiai in mrpeniinc, and mix with a imall qusntiiy of 
fTAlner'*cr<-am. Thin ihc color with boiled ml: Ihrn (ill n loo) Htid 
aprttnd the *ur(nre cvrii, and rub out the IlKhin with ihc shitrp rdiccof 
■ piece i>[ buS kalhci. wliicli muiit now hhiI then b« wiped (<> lce«p it 
clcnn: lollen iheedKCi of the work very lichily, and when dry, put 
on the top Kmln wiin burned umber and raw vienna. fp'ognil in iile, 
with the while «f nn eg); beui intn It, When dry. rarnish. 

Maplo (Bird** Eye)— to imitat*-— The Riound !t a lixhi biifl. pro- 
pared with blue lend, ilirrnii? velii>w. nndalltllc reriiiillion or knK- 
llsh Venetian red, to Uke oQ the rawnen ol the yellow. The niraln. 
[ng color it equal pans of raw umber and licnnn Rround in oil lu the 
proper connlvlency. Spread the nirfacc of the work with thUcnlnr, 
and, havinit »oine of ihe same prepared a Utile thicker, linmcdiiiiely 
lake a lush tool or Bp'inKe. anil put on Ihe dark shades, unil tuition 
with the ludKcr's-h.iir brush before ibe color 'vs dry. put on Ihe eyei 
by dabbing the doiiing machine on the work. When dry; put on the 
gtaln wiih ihc c.imer*-hdlr pencil on the prominent parls, to Imitate 
the Miittll he.irl» of Ihe wood. When dry. varnish. 
Marble — to imitate black and {Old.— This iJetcHpiion of marUo 

is now in great demand. The Ifruund i* a deep jet black, or a dead 
color, in gold xlic, drop black and turps: second coat, black j«p«o. 
Commence velnlng; mix while and yellow ochre wilh a tmall quanti- 
ty of verm ill ion (o rIvc a, xobl linite: dip the [imtil in ihi*< color, 
and dab on the f^uund with ]i;reai freedom Hoinc lurcc palclics. from 
whieh small threads tnusi be drawn in rarimis directions. In Ihe 
deepcti pans of the black, a white vein is someiimcs seen running 
with acreal number of timall veins attached to It; but caic niuhi lie 
taken that thetc Ihreuds ate connected wiih. and run in sonie dcK'Ce 
in the same direction A-lih the Ihickcr veins. If durability Is not an 
object and the work Is required in a thon time. It may be executed 
very quick in di»tcmper colon, and, when vamidied, it wQl loiA 
welL 

Marble (Blue and Gold). — For the ground |)ut on a llxht b1ii«; 
then Inke htue, wilh a tmnll piece of while lead and tome dark Com> 
moo blue, and dab on ihc ground in patches, leaving purl Ion i of Ehc 
ftoiuid to ),hine between; then lilcnd Ihe edge* together idlh duster 
or softener; afterward draw on fcome while veins In every Jireetion, 
leaving laroe open spaces lu be filled up wilh u palp yellow or tsAA- 
piklot; riniso wilb some line white running threads, and a coal n| 
vnrnit,h at laal. 

Marble— to dtan.— ll I* aaid that maible may be cleaned by mix- 
ing up a quantity of Ihe ttrongeit soup lye wilh c)ulck-llme, to Ihe 
toniisiency of milk, and laying it on the marble for twenty-lour 





U'HA T R VER Y ONE St/0 UI.D UNO W. 1%^ 

hoars. Clean it iiCterwanJ* will] soap and irstor. Or cl*c iim iIi« 
follDcring, Take (wo puil» of cumm'in «odit. one paclof immirc-Monc 
and one pnrl of powileiecl <haik; sifl ihrougli a very finer Mcve. and 
mix u 1th tvBtirr Then rub It well nil over the marble, nrid ihe stain* 
will lie rrmovri], Thrn witth with soap and walei as before, and li 
will be t» cleud ai il wui kl fml. 

M«iUe — tOclCAil. — I. Brash ihpdusi oti Ihe dish lo t>o ckaned, 
ihen apply uiih n brush a sood coal o[ ^m aiabic. about the contiw- 
tc-ncy o! n (hick office mucilage, expose II lo the »un or dry wind, or 
biiih. In Ik hliorl lime li will crack and peel oil, I( all ihc gum 
should n<-i peel od. wuih it with clean water ftnd a clean doth. Of 
couric, if the lirsl application doM not have the deaircd cRoci, il 
should be applied again. 

3. MakeapoKic with soft soap nnd whiting. Wash (he marble 
first with it, and Ihen leave a coal of the poxtc upon li fni two or 
three days. Afterwiird wash oil with WHrm (nnt hot) waiei nnd 
soap, 

J, Chalk, in fine powder, one port; pomke, one pari; common 
sotia, iwo parts. Mln. Wash the spots with ibU powder, mixed 
with H lilllc wnlcr, Ihcn clean the whok of the stone, and wash oR 
with ?iiiip ;in<l wiiie r, 

Marbl«— to remove dirt and stains from.— A solution of ^n 
orubic Bill remove dirt iind siains from marble. Let it remain till it 
dries, when it uUI peel nflf or can be washed oR. 

Marblc~to Cut and polJah.^Thc marble saw is a ihin plate of 
Bolt iri>ii, criininuiiliy hiipiilicd. during il4»awln(c mollon, with water 
and Ihc oharpcAt nnnd. The «Hwtn); of moderate pieces is |icrfornie<l 
by handi that of large slabs is most economiailty done by a proper 
mill. The Rrsi substance ii-ied in the polishing process is the sharp- 
est sAnd, which muM be worked alth till the surface becomes pcr- 
feclly Hat. Then a second and even a third sand, ol Increasing nnc- 
nrt4, is to be applied. I'hc next substance Is eniery. of prosrcsslve 
deKrre» ol hncnrst: after which, triprdi is employed; and the last 
pulish is Kiven with tin pulty. The body with wbieh the sand Is 
rubbed upon the marble is Usually a plate o( iron; but, tor the subse- 
quent process, a plnie of lead Is usod, with hncsand and emery. The 
polishing- rubbers arc coarse linen cloths, or bagglnK. wedged light 
into an Iron plaininji tool. In every step <>f the operation, n ctmtrt&nt 
tricklinK supply of tratcr is required. 

Marble — ponrerful cement for. — Take one pound of cum arabic, 
make inio a ihick mucilage; odd to it powdered plaster ol I'arls, one 
andiinr-Iuli |>'>und', sided quicklime, fiveounces; mix well; hcatihe 
miirhic. rtn.l H|>i>ly the niimute. 

Marble— seven colors for stainlfl(. — Il Is necessary lo heal the 
marble hoi. but mil v> hi-i as iii injure h. the proper heat being that 
al which the color* nearly boll. 

Qu'K.— Alkaline Indlic^i dye. or lumaolc with alkali. 
Kku. — X>rni(on » blood in sprits of wlite. 



sB4 



WHAT EVERY O.VE SHOULD KNO%V. 



VkUjOW. — GainboK* in spitiu of wine 
Gt>i,D C(>ix>M. — Sal'iminoiuBC. sulphate o( tine, «nd verdigris, <y|ail 
p&rt*. 

GXKEN.— S«p xnen In npirlti of poiuh. 
Rkowm. — Tincture of logwood. 
Criu»0!<.— Alkaiiei roul in turpcnline. 

Martile maf be Tciacd utording to taste. To stun tnubte well It 
a iHfltcult upeinllnn. 

Mftrbla (J«spcr\— Put oftn vhite Kmuni] Uehitr lingcd nith bloe; 
lh<ii put i>n puichc* of rich mlH cr r<i<ic piiik. lenriiix tipiic«s of IIm 
while Kioundi: then panly covtr Ihoie spac«« with varjinis bniims to 
form kiMiU. in pUrci runninx vfius: then put in a few ipoti of while 
In ihe center of *orot: of the red pMthc*. and leave In place* musses 
nearly all white. When dry, uw Ihe ctearcsl vnmUh, 

UmUc Mantelpieces— to ckui.— There i« Kicat nrl in <leunlne 
properly a niarbli: iDdiiielpiece. It muit be waihe<l with suup iinil 
mrm water. If there are any Mains, mis iwo ouncei of powJereil 
pumice-olone with iho ounces of |iow<tcred chalk And a quancr of ■ 
pound of kihU. Sift thew: [hcii tnuhe Ihcni Into a iiiuiie wiih cold 
water. Rub ihe marble with Ihe pusle. and afterward wa»h it with 
•oap and water. 

Marble and GlasB — to polish. — Marble of anf kind, alabaoier. and 
\iAi<\ •'I' -TIC, iir clnra. mny berejiolifihed by nihhInKil with a linen dnlb 
tlte^Btd with <ixiilc <'f lin (imltf under the name of puny priwdor). For 
thi« purpiite. A couple or more folds of linen should lie fftsleneil tiicht 
over II piece o[ wood, flat or otherwiie. iiccorilinK lo the form of ihc 
Hone. To repallthamanlelpicM.il should be HrEt perfectly clean. Thl» 
la best done by Tn&kinx a puitc of lime, soda and water, wcltloK welt 
the marble, and a^ptyinx the patte. Then let it remain fof a. day or 
so. keeping it rnunt during the interval. When this paiio boa been 
removMt Ihe polishing may begin. Chip* in ihe marble should tie 
rubbed om (ir*t with emery and water. At every stojre of polishing, 
the linen anil pulty poxiiler muM be kepi consianlly wet. Glam, 
«uch MS jewelerH' show counter-rMet>, which become scrslcbcil, may 
be polikhed in the same wnjt. 

Mublc <Ta> — btwki or paper. — Provide a wooden iiuugh iwo 
Inches deep knd the Icngili i>n<1 width of any desired iheet, boil In a 
braM or ropper pan any c|iij(iiiiy of Unseed and water until a thick 
mucilHice in formed; Mrain it into the trough, and Iri cool; then srind 
on a marble sUb any of the following colon in small beer: 
Bluk. — PniMian blue or indigo. 
Bko. — Roae-plnk, vermilion, or drop lake. 
Vu.LOW. — King's yellow, yellow ochre, etc. 
WlttlE,— Fluke while. 
Black. — Burned ivorj- or lampblack. 
BanwK.— I.'mbcr. burned do^ temdi sienna, bnmed do. 
BtACK, — Mlied with ycllowor red; also makes brown. 
Cknii.— Blae and yellow mixed. 



w/r* r EyERV oyrs should kutow. 



-«s 



I 



Okancs. — Red nnil yellow mixol. 

Pum-LE. — Red and blue mixed. 

For each <olor yuu musl have two cupt. one (or the color after 
gilodlDti. Ihe oiher lo miic \\, with ox-gall, u'hlrh muiil be uicil toihin 
the colon at (Ji«crclion. If loo murh nail i^ used, the colot* w(tl 
spreud: wlicn ihey keep their place on Ihe HUifnceol llic irouKh. when 
moved wiih a quill, they arc fil (or use. All ihinv-s iti rcadinrts. the 
colors .ire surccHively sprinkled on the surf.-KC of iht mueiluge in th« 
trouKh wiih a L-iu»h. and are wAVcd or drown about with a quill or a 
stick, accordinic to ta«lo. When the dcdKii 1" jui-i (onmed, the book, 
tied I'ghtlv between cutting boards of the Mime Mie i<i li|{htly pr^Mcd 
with ill edge on the surfnce of Ihe liquid uatirrn. uTid ihen withdrawn 
and dried. The covets mn>- be mnrbled rn the Mine way, only lei- 
tint; th? 1ti)uld cnloct nm nvcr llicm. In mafbltng paper the sidex of 
the paper i* jjently applied to the ("lorn in the iroggh. The fllni of 
colur in the truuith may be lis thin mi putnible. and it aoy rcmnint 
itfterlhc tnnrblinK it tnoy be taken off by applying paper lo it before 
you prepare for marbling again. To lUvcraify the effects, colors are 
often mixed wilh n lllt!i> t>wcet oil before sprinkling tbem on. by which 
means a HkIii li.il" of ritcle apiirart around i;ach spot. 

Marble—to g^ild letters on. — Apply riml a coating of site and 
then several successive coats of site thickened with finely powdered 
whiting until a good face is produced. Lei each cuai become dry 
and tub It down with line glass paper before applying the next. Then 
go over il thinly and evenly with gold irixe and apply the gold Iraf, 
bumishins with atc'i'e: several coata of leaf will be required to give a 
good cilcct. 

Marble— to extract oil from.— Soft soap, one pott; fuller's earth, 
two ihirii: poioiih. one part; tioiling water lo mix. Lay U on the 
^[mlt i>\ Kreiine. mid let it rcitiiiin fi'r a few hour*. 

Marbl«— 'to isiitate. — Knr while tnatlile. gel up a pure while 
ground, then h'.>ld a liKbied candle near [he surface, and allow Ihe 
smoke lo forni the shades and various tints deaircd. This will make 
a very handsome Imiiatlon. Block injirbtc Imitation is made by 
streaking a block surface with rolort .* using a feather and peocll. An- 
other plan ii lo get up a »mo<ilh Llaclc surfxcc: then lake the colors, 
green, yellow. kA. while, etc.. ground thick in gnld siie, and sirc-jk 
Ihe HUTlacewiih a stickor pencil. Allow it f) dry. and apply a heavy 
coal o( lampblack and yellow ochre, mixed with tough slufl. When 
ttti Is hard, rub down to o level surface with a lump of pumice-stone, 
vamtsh. .inU n l>rauiilul variegated marble will be the tCMili. 

Mmrking Ink— to take out of linen. — A Mtiuraied Mduiion of 
cyanutet of pi'iasiium. applied with a cAmel's-hair brush. After the 
marking itik disupiiears. the linen should be well washed in cold 
water. 

Marmalade iPcar>. — To filx pounds of kmall oeam, take four pounds 
of sugars put the jwar* inloaaaucepin with a little cold water; cover 
It. atid »el It over llic fire until Uie fruit is Bofl, then jiul Ihcm into 



ate 



W//M T EVER y ONE SlIOVlD KAfOtP^. 



cttlij wMCor; i<are, quarief, and cat* Ibcra; pol lo them three Icacujii 
of iriitcr: Ml Ihrm av«r lh« fire; roll Ihe wgar Ane. mash ihe fruit 
line and smooth, piil Ih« «uffsr to It. stir it wfll loitvlhcr until it ii 
(hici; Wlie jelly, then put U in iBntblcm, or jan, mud when cold secure 
It Bs jflly, 

MBim«]«l« (Scotch).— T nice of the juice of Seville oranK«(. two 
pint?; ytlliiw lionry. two pouniis. Boll to « proper cnnslatenc*. 

Harsh MBJl(rws.~I)in»tvc one-half jinunil of Kum anbic in one 
pint of waici, i^irAJn and add one-hnH pound of fine sugar, and place 
over the liir. Riirrlne conitonlly until the lynip UdiMolvcdond M 
of the «>(i»IMcni y r^f hnney. Add gr^jiunlly the whltcMof (oarcfcm 
wH I beaten. Stir Ihe mixtute until iibccomn aotncwhHI thin and 
doe«tiot adhere to Ihe ringer. Fluvnr lo laate and pour into a tin 
■lightly duited wlih powdered siardi, and when cool divide intosaiall 

squofCt. 

MUi (Braided). — Braided mats are easily luntlr, nnd aie very 
durable. The strip* of cloth •houlil be all of one siie when rolled 
logethcr for braiding, the thin pieces wide, and Ihe thick ones nar- 
row. The braidbg nhould be firm and even, sewed with l>e»l carpet 
thread, and the Mitchet hidden beneath the foldn of rioth. that the 
thread may nol wear oft. If braided with five ttrand« instead of 
three, len sewing is reiiuired, 

Hat (Foot)— to make. — Cut woolen and llannel pieces of cloth 
Idio atrip* three incba long and bnlf an inch wide. Get a paJr of 
ve»jr COLaroo atect knittln* needle* and nornc jute twine — no other will 
•Mwer — Ihe Mme that is ui>ed in nukiog ((unny-4«ck«, and can al. 
waj« be obtained where they ure made, if not al Ihe thopi. Set tip 
fifteen iitltchei on the needles, and knit once across; knit the firac 
■lltch on the liCronil row, and lictwcen the needles put a piece of tllll 
cloth at right iiiiKles with ihe»ittfh, and knit another stitch; then 
mm the end of the cloth lliM iiointH liiword ynix out between the 
needles, so that the ends will be eren. and io on tlear across, two 
•lilchcs to every piece at cloth; then knit across ofiain plain to gel 
back to the tide where yoti began. The ends of the doth niuM Al- 
ways point from you as yoti knit them in. 

t knit one for my phaeton one yard in length and five alnps wide, 
•ewed together with jute, over and over stitch. They are very warm 
for Ihe foet and are very pretty. bii<I it is n good way to ute up dlo- 
earded cnuils. vest* and pants. The cloth rauit not be too thick; 
hraatkloth, waterproof, ladies' cloili. etc., :itc the best (i>r ihe pur- 
pose. Mine 1* really very pretty; the eentcris otansc and black 
mixed waicrpmof and a border of black, brightened up with tufu of 
icarlft (liinnel. 

Mats (HuakV^to make. — A gotid reiprc table-looking husk mat i* 

not an unsichily i'jokiiiK ubjcit. and I wish all h'lUtekecpelH knew 

what a voild of scruliblnK and wiping of flciors it Saved, that ibey 

might have one, (Jnc lnnhel basket and a boiler (ull of hu&ks is sul- 

. fldcnt 10 btaid K laigi' lual. If you have I>oy* or slrU. It will be fun 



WfU T F.VERY OSE SllOVlD A'flTOlf, 



»87 



I 




tor Ihcin to tiruid one in (he rvenlnjt: l>u(. If like myiclf, you have 
nciihi^r, it would pay you to iitke (he ttmr nnil do i( yourteli. Have 
re^y > teakettle full al ho( wMtrr and lurn iaio the boiler o( hu«k«. 
Begin B cdininon ihtcc-slrand braid, and as you bring over a Mrand 
place nbou( [hrcc huikton; leave (he lurscendnof (lichu«luup. Wben^ 
oniiuKh is lirnided lor a mnt. seiv firmly wlili iwme in any shape you 
I'hoose — long, round or oviil, Tlirn s|iHnklc warm uairr on the 
upper udc. Run a fork (hrouKh the huaki. spliniering the ends in(i> 
a mam of lidlc, curly Cbefii. Then, with (he shears, (rim off evenly. 
This cnn nil he done In one evening by a good worker. I braid 
rimuKh in lliir fall li) l.-rtl the vcar ruond. 

Matches (Approved Friction).— About the best know ^rcparndon 
for friction matches is gam aratiie. lixieen part* by weight; pboa. 
phoruv, nine pons; niter. Inuncen pani; peraxyde of mannnMO, in 
powder, sixteen parts. The Rum !« lirii mode Into n mucdiKe with 
water, then the man ^nc^e. then the phosphoriih, und the whole U 
heated to ahout one hundred und thirty degrees Fahrenheit. When 
the phosphorui ii melted the niter is added, and the n hole U thor- 
oughly >tirrcd until the mjiu U a uniform pane. The irooden 
matches prepared l5r>t with sulphur arc then dipped in ihl« and after- 
ward dried in the air. Frirtion papem. (nr ciirrying in the pocket, 
may be mode in the same mnnner. and by nddinij; benioin lu the mud- 
latte (hey will have nn ^K'ee.ible cidnt when ignited. 

Blatclies (Japanese Paper). — When lighted, burn with a siiulII, 
scarcely luminous flame, a red-hot hall of glonlng saline matter nccii- 
mulaling HH (he cnrabustion proceeds. When about une-half of the 
match has been consumed the glowing heal begins to send forth a 
luccculon of iplendid sparks. The phenomenon gradually as. 
«unm the chAr.icicr of a brilliant scint illation, very similar to that ob- 
served on burninK n *tcel spring in oxygen, t.nly much more delicate, 
the individual sparks branching out in beniiiilul dendritic rami fica- 
lions. A tniiturc ot carbon, one part, (powdered wood charcoal); 
sulphur, one and one.holf parts; and niter, three nnd one-fourth 
pAiXi. ptocture the phenomenon. English tissue paper may be utcd 
for the wrl^pp^^r. 

Mead (Spatkting) — vary Buperior.— Ingredients: Fourteen coandt 
of honey, Uircc eggt, u small hunch ot marjoram, Iheoftme of balm, 
nnil the same i>( iweetbriai. one-ha.lf ounce of cinnamon, one-half 
ounce nf cloves, one-hnif ounce of bruised ginger, one-foutlh o( a 
pin ( of yeast, a bottle of white hermitage or moselle; six gallonK of 
water. Sc( the water to tKiil; when <|ulte hot, s(it in the honey, and 
then immediately the three eggs, slidhlly bealcn up. Pu( (he herb* 
logelher into a muslin bag, and the spices into another bag, and 
when the Uiiuor with the honey and eggs has boiled half an hour, put 
in these (wo bag* wiih (heir contents, and boil again for a quarter ot 
an hour. After (his )K>ur out the li<juor into an open tub (o cool. 
take «ul the tiogs, and Bel it (u work in the usual vay by spreadlnf 
tlie yeosi on pieces of toasted bread und lloating them on the lurfacc 



tM 



iVl/ATSt'^ttV OX£ SHOULD KNOH'. 



After licing left mcaty-fnur houis. the tansix muM be rcmo^-ed. and 
the liiuor put Into lh« c««b, Nfw .'UM ihc motdle ur hennlingc 
whrn (crmcntmion has ce«wd. buiii: ihwuth rluMly. Aftrr > nMXitb 
txiltle il, anil irir« down the rurks. 

Mead (Susaparilla).— One pound o( Spanish »ar>Ap«r)lla. boll Ave 
hourii nnd Ktraln off iwn kbUoiii: ndd I'Ufai lixcecn pound* and lai- 
tarlc acid ten ounces, hnH n wine kIam oI vjra.p lo half pint lamhier 
of WKior, Mild htiK ioa«i)i>onful of dotia i« a (air proportion for a 
dilnk. 

Mcasl«>—treatinenL — McAile* are no acute inlUmroatlon oI the 
tkin. Inicrnal and cxicmal. combined with an Infetiiou* fever, 

Symfiamt. — Chills, "ucccdcil bjr ureal heal, lani^or. and drowsi- 
nevK. |i»in4 in the liCHd. ImmIc. and timlra. quick ptiltr, lorcncss of 
thruat. ihitst. nauHcii nnd vomiting, a dry couf[b, and hish colored 
urine. Thoc sytnpions tacreiuc )a violence for fouruayi. The 
eyca are inHamed and weak, and ihc noac pour* forth a watery secrc> 
liun, with ficqucnt »neeiinK, There Ir condiderable inflnmnulion in 
the larynx. wind;i<{ie. and bronchial lubea, with »i<rcne» of the 
brcait ond hoarseness. About the fourth day the skin is covered with 
a breaking out which produce* heat and Itching, and la red In apoia, 
upon ilie (ace fiisi. gradualty xprcadinK over the whole body. It 
(on 'iR in Ihc ^amr way. from the fare Sr»i and then (ram the body, 
and ihe hiiarteiicss unil <ither syinploma decline with it; at laal ihe 
outside skin peels off in scales. 

7'fViiAw>i'.— In a mild fomt. nothing Is required but a light diet, 
■IlKhtly acid drinlu. and flax Reed or slippery elm lea. Warm herb 
tcaii. nnd frequonl *punite tiatbo with tcplil water, nerve lo altay Lh« 
(evci: tare should be taken not to lei Ihe palienl take eold. If the 
fever is very high, and pretvnis the ruh coming out. a slight dose 
of tult*. or a nauseating dose of ipecac, lobelia, or hive syrup should 
be iciven. and (nltowcd by tetupiKinlul doses of compound linclure 
of Virginia imnke-rooi until Ihc fever in utlHyed, If the |>alienl 
from .iny drtangnmcnt lakes vn a low typhoid type of fever, and the 
rash iloci not come out until the seventh day. and is then of a daric 
and livid color, lonica and stimulants must be given, and the expec- 
toration promoted hy tome suitable remedy. The room ahould be 
kept dark lo prolccl the inlUmcd eyes. As lonitasihe fever lomuina 
the patient »hould be kept in bed- Exposure may cause pneumonia, 
irhkh. In other words, is acute inlUmmatioo u( ihc lungs. Keep In 
the ruom ax long a* the cough lasts. There is always dani;er of the 
ltui|[» being left in an inllameil slate after ihe mesacU. unku tl» 
BK«e«l care is laked not to sullcr Ihc palieni to lake cold. Shotlld 
Uerc be much pain, and a tevere cough, this must be ircaied as a 
•Cparalc disciist, withoihtr re rati tits. 

Medicines— terms uacd to expre** their propcrtka.— Absorbeais 
are medicincH which deitroy acidilict in the slom*ch and bowtU. 
•uch as magnesia, prepared ehatk, etc. 

AlWMtivcs ore medicines which retiore health M the consiiiution, 



tt'i/A T E VER Y OXE SUO VLD A'.VO tV. a^ 

Whhoul producing any sensible cfFcci. luch u tarsaparltla. milphur. 
etc. 

Analc^tin arc medicines that restore the suength which \>*i been 
lost by iickncsi. «uch as gentian, bark. etc. 

Anodynct arc medicines which relieve pain, and ihey are divided 
in'ri three kinds, farrgrrm. kyfnifim, wmrtetiti (»ee these lennl); 
camphor \* anodyne h!i well as narcocic. 

Aaloclds »re meclidnci which deolroy acidity, such a» time, -na^ 
neala. todn. etc. 

AntMlkalie^ are mcdtcineii given to ncuiralixe alkallei In ihe«yt- 
lem. such la citric, nitric, or tulphuric iu;id». etc. 

Anihelminiics arc medicine* UMd to expel «nd dutroy worme 
[rom the itomMch and IntMline*. »uch as lurpentine. cowhu^, male 
(ern. etc. 

Aniibilious nre medicines which are uneful in blUous altcclions, 
auch as calomel, etc. 

Antiscorbutics are medicinn agunst scurvy. >uch u riiric odd, 

CIC. 

Antiacpric* are substances lued to correct |iuire(aeilnn. »urh as 
bark, camphor, etc. 

Antispwmodics are medicines which poisen the power of over- 
coming tptums of ihe musclci. or allaying severe pain Irom any 
cauac uriconnecied with inllunmailon. such ox valerian, ammonia, 
etc. 

Apcrlecls are medicines which move the bowel* gently, such as 
dandelion root, etc. 

AtomalicR arc cordial, iplcy, and ajcreoably flavored medicines, 
»uch iw caitlamoms. cinnamon, eic, 

Aiitinttcnls are medicines which (OnlrucI the fibreB o( the body, 
diminish cxtcisive discharges, and act indirectly as ionics, such as 
oak'tiark, galls, etc. 

Aitenuants ore medldnc* which arc luppoied to thin Ihe blooa, 

^^L lucb OS Mtimonla, Iron, etc, 

^^P Balsalmics are medicine* o( a aoothing kind, such a« Tolu, Peru- 

^^" rian balsam, clc. 

I _ Carminatives are medicines which allay pain In the siomath and 

I ' bnwel*, and expel flalulenec, such a» aniseed water, etc. 

I Cuihuiiics Are fttronK ptirxatlva tnediciae*. aueh aa jalap, etc, 

^^ Cordials are exliilaralini; and warming medicines. *uch as aromatic 

^^L tonfection. clc. 

^^B Corrobc-tanis arc medicines and food which Increase the strength, 

^^1 inch 08 iron, genilan, sago, cic. 

^^P Demulccnl* cixrecl arrimimy. diminish irritation, and soften paria 

^^^ by covering thdr surfaces with a mild »nd viscid matter, such as lin- 

r iced lea. etc. 

^^ Dcobstruenls are medicines which remove obstruct ions, sueb >a 

^H Iodide of potath, etc. 



990 



WHAT EVERY OXB SHOULD KNOW. 



DelFT|[cnts cinn Ihe surfaces i>i-or which thoy pam, aucb m KKip, 
etc. 

Dlaphorcllci ptadncFs prnplralion. luch ax tortrau o( onilcnony. 
elc, 

l>ilt4-«tivc« iicc rcmcclics appTicJ Vt ulcvni or wounds, to prnniciio 
the (utmatiun tif mailer, such ut rcHJii <iiiilRimt», tvarai fxiullim, 
eie. 

Diti-uiicnu pOMou tlic power nt repelling <w resolving tumors, 
Rucl) Jii Rallianuin, etc. 

Diurrlirii ai'i iiimii the kidney* anil lilwldcr. nnd Incnue th« lla 
of urine, Hiirfi i» nicer, Mjuitis. etc, 

Dcn,ilics arc violent purgative*, (uch as gamboce, eie. 

Emclic* produce vomitlnit, or the dbcharge of the contents of 
Momoch, »uch oa mustard, tanui cmclic, warm water blooOruut' 
»tc. 

Cinollienls are reinedie* used extrmally lo soften Ibe parut Ihej' 
arc applied to, >uch as spermaceti, palm oil. «tc. 

Ep!spa«ilcx are medicines which hilsicr or cauie etfusion i>f tenn 
under the euliclc. such a* Spanish flies, etc. 

Errhinos are medicines which ptoducc snecxing, Hucn aa (olmcco, 
etc. 

EAchATolics are tncdicbei which corrode or dec>io/ the vltalllp ol 
the pan to which they arc applied, such as lunar caustic, etc. 

Expectorants arc medicines which Increase ex|ic-ciaratioa, or Uie 
(HachBTicc of the tironchJHl tubes, such m ipccaiiu<ir>ha. elc. 

Febrifuges are remedies used in fevers, surn ai anlimonial wjnei. 
etc. 

H ydnijtoicuci arc medicines which have theeTcci of removing Ihe 
fluid of dropsy, by producing water evacua:lon), sruch •• gamboge, 
calomel, elc. 

Hypnotics are medicines thai irlipve )>Kin by procuring sleep, audi 
B* hops, «tc. 

Laxatives arc medicines which c«ui>(. the bnwels la art rather more 
thu natural, such as manna, etc. 

S'arcolicB are medicines which cause sleep tir siuptir, unit iillay 
poin, such OS opium, etc. 

Nutrients are remedies that tinurlsh the body, such as sugar, sago, 
etc. 

Paregorics are medicinen which actually Mcua<cc pain, such U 
cmnpound tincture of csmi^hor, elc. 

Prophylactics are remedies employed to prevent the attack of anjr 
particular disease, such as quinine, etc. 

Purgatives are medicines that promote the evacuation vt the 
bowels, such aa senna, etc. 

Refrigerants ore medicines vhich suppress as unusaal heal tA the 
body, surb as wood-sorrel, tamarind. 

Rubefocienis are medicines which cause redoesd of the skin, suefa 
»A muitacd, etc. 



m/A r eyss y oke siioold awosv. 



891 



SedMlna uc medlcEncs whkb deprcis Ihc nerrniu tattgy, &iid 
destroy MaMilun. »o &s to <oiripoM. nucli us foxglovr. etc. 

Sinlagogaea are mediciim which prcmolo the How uf laliva or 
ipilllc. nicb a> sail. caUrmd. etc. 

Soporlficii arc medicine* which induce sleep, u hap*, cic. 

Stimulant* aic remedies which increase Ihc action iil the heaiTl &nd 
a^lc^ic^. m Ihc Knargyoi the pitrl to which Ihcy itrc ftpplicd, such as 
snssBifus, which i» an internal stimulant. anA savine, which is an ex- 
Icrnal one. 

Siomachicn mtore the lone at the stomnch, such as gcntUn. etc. 

SlyplicH arc mcdlcincH which constrict the surface of a pnri. ami) 
prevent the eSufcion o( blood, auch n« kiiwi. etc. 

Sudorilics promote projufic perspirjlion dt Nweuiini;, such as ipeca- 
cuanha, etc. 

Tonics give general strength t» the conilllullon, restore the nat' 
Ural energies, tiiKl improve the tone of the system. >uch ua chamu. 
mite, etc. 

Vesicants are medicines which bllaler. mch as strunK liquid am- 
monia. clc. 

Measures — of housekeepers. — A sreat deal ol poor food, v^x- 
ci.illy cukch ntf\ oilier " ic<:i|)c" prcparatiiins. \» duo lo inACCurscy in 
mcasuriiiK' " A pinch " of Mlt or pepper, or other condiment, may 
mean (our times ss much in one hand as in another — quite enough 
to entirely change the quality and flavor. Tcniipaons. teacups, niid 
ciiffeecupii now vary greatly. The old standard teacup held Jukt hnlf 
a pint, or fuur Xa the i|unrt. 

It would be a simple matter and a Ereal convenience for any bousc- 
Iceepcr to keep always at hand accurate measuring-cup* of canhen- 
wareurtln. Let a tcacupful or a lunlbltrfull always mean exactly 
hftlf n pinl. and keep a cup of that site. i)r use a small tin rup — one 
with a side handle bcinit prrfernbic, A cup ju*l three Inches in di< 
amcter and n trille over two inches deep, holds half u pint (three 
inches aciuss and two and one-ninth inches deep inside; or two Inchca 
In diameter and three and onc.socnlh inches deep). Any square or 
oblong cup whose inside length, depth, and widib in Inches iDulli- 

£1iMl together make about louitecn nnd one-hall inchc* (14.437) 
olds B pint. 
Spoon mcastiring is more imporunt, especially in giving rocdiciaca. 
The top is so broad nnd it is so difficult to know when a spoon it 
evenly full, that a "teaspoonful dose" of any medicine, or of a 
Havorinjt extract in cookinf*. may be double what is prevcnivd. The 
standard iciispoon. evenly full, bulds onC'Cishih uf a fluid ounce, or 
one hundred nnd twenty-eight to a pint : and a si.-indanl ublcspoon 
Ju*t thicr: limes as much, or forty-two t» the pint, bixty drops of 
water cqiiul one iraspoonful. biil drops of dlflcreni liigiiids vury in 
siie. Every family should have a "minim tiiuit" (minim me.ins a 
drop). This is a little glass tube or cup havinn; a broad base and a lip 
for pouring Itom. Tlicie arc moika on tbc side and figtucs ten. 




M W)/Ar Kt'KKV O.VK siion.n awow. 

lw«nt)r. Ihirlif. (ony. fifty, sixcy. (or so many <lrop« — tbo flsQlV ftlxtf 
majcing jusi a sundard tcaspoonful Wiih this ai hand one ii Always 
able lo mcoiurc off ciari icaipoonfuU of nnyihliig. to giving mciii- 
einc, »urh ict-ulmiiy o( (lo»c» ni»y ine»ii ireovcty of hvdUh. Thcuc 
glAstin cat) be bouKhi >! moet ()rug)[isis for fifteen (o tw«-nty tents 
«»ch, 

Wheat flour, one pound H one quart; Indian meal, one pound and 
two ounces ii one quart; butter, when nolt. nnc pound U one quart: 
loaf ius;ar. broken, one jiound U one quart; white tunar, poirilcrctl. 
one pound »nd one ouiKtr i« one qu^rc best brown Micai. one i>i>iind 
and two ounceH is one quart; egKS. ten esKS are one ptiuiid; llugr, 
eight quarts are one perk; flour, four pctks arc one buihel. 

I.ti.-i'lliv.— Sixteen large tablespoon full arc one<hal( pint; cifcbl 
Urge tables pounfuU a'e one Kill; four lari-e tabletponnfult are ooe- 
hiilfKilt: two gill* are une-hulf pint; two pint« Hre one quiirt; four 
quatti are one gallon; u roinmon sited tumbler holds une-iiuK a pint; 
a common died wineglavi holds one-half a gill; twenty-firc drop* 
arr equal to one icospoonlul: dixty drops arc equal to ooc tabletnoon- 
ful 

MUkU — to cur«, — For curln^i beef, pork, mullnn and hams, th« 
following renpc is good: To one gallon of water take one and a 
htdf pootids of salt, one-half pound of sugar, one.half ounec each of 
Hlltpeter and potash. In this latin the pickle ran be Increased tnany 
quantity de»irerl, l.ci thenc be bailed together until all the dirt fram 
Ulc ituKar rises to ibe tup, and is skimmed off. Then throw it into a 
tub W cool, and when cold, pour it over your beef or pork. The 
iDCBtmuat be well covered with pkkle. .-ind should not be put down 
torul«aal two day* nftci klltinft, dutiiiK which time it should be 
•ptinkled with powdered uittpcler, which removes all the surface 
blood. i!tc.. leaving the meal Irrth and clean. 

Heat (Cold)— to prepare.— Meat balls or croquette* are alee. Re- 
move all gristle ami chop flnc any and all kinds of meal you niBy 
have, mix with an e^ual quantity of moshcil |>»tato and grated brciM, . 
about half and half, season well with pepper and Malt, and a littlv 
Mffc if you like, add any cold gravy you (nay have, or make mmtt .] 
enough with water, make into balls or cakes and fry, or use cold 
boiled rice and one or two e^gs instead of potato and bread. An. 
other way !■ to take o deep dish, put a layer of the chopped me~l, 
Ihcii one of bread crumbs. »ea»ciii well; when the dish U full cover 
with a Ibtck layer of nicely mushed potato, hiring previously moiat- 
ened the meat an<l bread with milk, atid unless quite fat meat Is used,] 
trc odd some lumps of butter. Bake in the oven three-fourths of 
hour, ti la very nice. 

Meat <E>caloped). — Clioii the meat rather coarse. seMon with salG 
an<l pepper. For one pint of mcDt wk half a cupful of gravy and 
heupin;^ cupful of bre^ crumbs. Put a layer of the meal in a 
cscaloji dish, then gravv. then a thin layer of crumbs, and cootinuol 
uolll Ibc (liab 1* full, ^he lost layer should be a thick one of cnuilbt.1 



WHAT BVBRV ONE SH0UI.O KNOW. Vt% 

Cook In a hot oven (rom lilircn to iwcaty minute*. All kind* of 
Cdlil mml rnn be ocaloped, l>ul Iwcf U to dr}' Ihal it \* nnl no KOOd 

MS inillrni luld veil. 

Meat — cconomj in. — Take cuM mml of uiiy kind — picrn left from 
the iilile— iinil tui in piecM a quarter of an inch squure. put in * 
frvlnfc-pan. and cover Ihc meal with water: lli«n put in a *mall piece 
ofbuiicr; pc-pjicr and ».il(, and wbcii ihls conic* lo boil. Ktir In a tittle 
doiir and wulcr. pcvviiiiisly ntixcil. Have two or three slices of 
bread, luasied; place ihem on a platter, and pour the meal and ^nxy 
over thtm "hjlo Inn. This will be found an excellent dish prepared 
from meal usu;illy ihiown awtijr. 

MMt —economical use of, — Thtt*' U iii> dilAailiy in any man, 
however liiniicd h(» tiieani. haviiiK nirM fur his (Hmilv every day. 
Take, for exiimple. what is called a shank of beef. The very best 
can be bought for a Iraclion of what the dearest pons ca«i. A Kngle 
pound coiikeil In a Mew with dry bju of bread will make an exccileitt 
inciil (iir 1111 eniitr (uiiilly. 

Me«t— to boil properly. — Boiling exiracM a portion of the juice o( 
meal, nhivh mixes ivitli the water, and algodbsolveaaome of the solldx; 
the more tutibk- parti of the fat mcll out, combine » ilh the water, 
nnil lorm houp or broth. The meat lose* It* red colnr. becomcii more 
tavtiry in ta«ie and tmcll. more Urm and diKeslible. If Ihe process 
ia eunlinued too loa|[. the nieul becomes indi^ceslihle. leas suectileni, 
and lough. To boil meni lo iietfettion. it should be done slowly, in 
plenty of water, replaced by other hot water at evaporation tokci 
pl.'kre; ("i, if holled loo quickly, the out*tde become* toujth: »nil ni>t 
HllowinK the refuly (ransmlssioit ol heal. Ihc interior remains rare. 
The loM by boiling varies, iiccurdinf; to I'rofessor Donovan, from tix 
and a cjuarlcr to sixteen per cent. The average Iom on bollioff 
butchers meat, hams, pork and bkcoa U twelve, and on domoile 
poultry El (nurtecn anil ihree-i]uarterK. The )<»>« per ceni. t'li boiling 
sail IkcI 'm Afiecn; oti \i;^ of inuiton. ten: hsms. twelve and a 
half; on t^U iH>tk. Ihirlrcn nnd u hnlf; knuckles of veal. eiRhl 
and a third; bacon, six and a quarter; turkey*, UKleen; chick- 
ens, thirteen and a half. The established rule a* regard* time. 
Is to allow a (juartcr of an hour for each pound of meat If Ihc iMilinfc 
is rapid, und twcniy minutri It nkiw. There are exceptions to this; 
fur instance, hum and pork, which rerjuire from twenty lo iwentr- 
6vc minutes per pound, and bacon nearly half an hour. For »olid 
Joint* allow hiteen tnlnules for evcrv pound, and from ten to iwcnly 
minute over th»u|;h of course, Ihe Icnjfih of lime n ill depend niuch 
on the slicniclh of llie Mie. rcc'ilHrily in Ihe bnitin):, and siic of the 
joint. The folluwinj; table wilt he useful as an average of the time 
reqiittcd lo boil the various articles: Ham, twenty pounds' weight, 
require* SIX hour* and a b-iK, tongue. If dry, after soaking, four 
hours; tongue, out of pickle, two and a half to three liourt. neck nt 
mutton, one hour »nd a half; chicken, twenty minutes; large fowl, 
lorty-livc minutes; cajiun. Ihirty-hvc minuie*; pi^on, Afieen minute*. 



*M 



WHAT F.VP.KY ONE Sr/OVrf K.VOlf. 



McU — to kMp * week or two in annuiier. — Fanncni r>r oihe 
IU1»K Bl « dUunca from buiehcni rJin keep fresh mru, \tty nircl) 
tut ■ wrek or two, t>T pottiiiK li into »oat cnilk, or budcr-milk, jtlac- 
riit; ii in a rixil fellAr. The bi>nc nr (ai need nol he removed. Rlaae 

UmU and Pllb— to prcsenre.— The mcai i» be prawrved \% firet 

CirtiolM or tomewhat more aniJ (ircd Inxn bont*. )i U ibcn pot 
to lin r*M« or cantttcr*. which ace t^iic lUlcd up wilh a rich gj\xj, 
A lln rover, with a amail apenure. ii ihen eare(aU<r fiscd on b^ 
iMti: and, while ihc vc«t«t tt perfectly full. Jl in placed In boJIlnji 
ttalrr. and ixidcrtMv ihc remainder of (be cooking. The xinalt boI« 
tn th* rover 1* completely cloMd up by MiderioK while (he whole is 
yrt h<i| . The caoUier, with iti Infcredicnta. ia now alloved lo cool, 
[n r.nntiKKar.c of whiLli these tonitaet. and the udei of the VMael 
are >ll|[hily forcnj Inwaid by atmnsphcrlc pteuure, and iNvome* s 
llllln concave. The vrMcl being thu* hermetically MHlnl. noil all •«• 
ccM M t\i* air preieiitrd, il mfty b« Mnl Into any cliniutc without fearl 
of puUefAcUon; and the must delicate food ol one country may b^ 
MM I* anofber in nil <l« oHifinal perfection, months and years aflcr^j 
ht preparation. l.ub>teT« ihould be boiled longer than meau, U ~ 
l\ir nciilt* removed prrvloiM lo putting I ntn ihc rknlMcn, SaUne 
fui up by Ihb procei* ii moil dcliciuu*. Ily llir FrciKh ptoteaa I 
meal I* liuiled till it in ihree -quart eni done, when (wo.thirdi of it are 
talt«n out. the remalnlnjt une.ihitd is boiled inio a concentrated roup, 
and the meat |irevlou«ly taken out ii put inio the canUter*, which Btv 
than lllird up wilh the wmp: the lln cavci utih ii|>rriurc in «oldcrcd 
ofl, and the rnnliier wilh ill (onteni* tabmitleil l<> (nriher boiling in 
h"! wutcr, when ilie aperture ia cloicd. OS above tlated, and the can- 
Ulrr* liild uway in niore. 

Meat (laJurcdH to restore.— When the bilnc tourt nnd lalou (he 
moat, |H)ur ti »R: •him it well, then pour it buck Hcain on the meat 
Imllinii hot; ihia wiU teaiore II, even when much injured. If tainted 
meat it Injured, dip It in the solution of chloride of lime prescribed 
for rancid Imitci; It will ricaiore it. Fly-blown meat can becom- 
idtuly Maiorcd by Immerslnir il for a few hours <n a veuci eo itatn. 
Inga amall quanlily of beer: but it will tuini and imp*rl a putrid 
•metl to Ihir liiinor. Freoh meat, hama, fish, etc.. ran he ptewrved 
for an iodelinilc length of lime without tult. by a light application of 
PT rolltneous t-tXA applied with a brush; it imparts a fine smoky flavor 
to (lie meat, arid I* an cRcctual prcscrvallvc. But pure acetic acid 
ta*f be uied Ittatcad. 

Heat — to ntCCtML — Meat vrlilch ha« Iwoi vlighily tainied may be 
re*ti>red to perfect nreeineH. and Ihe odor arising from it while boil- 
ing cnllrrty prevented, by throwing Into the pot n few piecci of char- 
coal contained in a •mail bog. The iidor of vegviable* Rllghlly affect- 
ed may be prevented in Ihc Mnio way. Red pepper, and even black 
pepper, produces ti similar but less (wrfed result. 

■teat — to make tender.— Tough meat may be made as tender a* 



WHAT EVERY 0.\K SlIOCt.D KXOW. 



*9S 



My tiv ihe nddlllon «( a lllllc vinegaf to the vrMcr when It It put on 
to boll. 

Hedicinfr— to destroy the tute of.— Have the medicine in a glaw 
ax usual; and a tumbler of w.itcr by iheside of it, then iaIw tbcmcdi-, 
cine and retain It In the mouih. whifh should be kept clo»cd. And 1(1 
you then cummcuce dnnkiiiK the wHter the iiute of ilie medicine i} 
WMhed away. Even the bitterncM of quinine and >tloci may be jire. 
vented by Ihi* meana. 

Hedicoi Hints — short and safe. — In heallh and diieOKe endcAiror. i 
alwnys la live on the tunny >i<tc. Sir Jama Wyle, lole phytilclan loJ 
the KmiK'tur lA RuisU. (eniarked duilng Ionic obcervtilion in tlia] 
hOBpitiiU '>\ lli:il •;ouriiry. lh»I the ciMCS of dcatii occurring in roomiJ 
averted (torn the light oi the »un. were four limes more numemuil 
than the (»tal ca»e> in the roomi exposed to the direct action of the j 
solar ray*. When poison is swiUlowol, a good off-hand remedy I* to 
mix »alt nnij inugtard. one heapecl (eiMpocintal of each, In a giaM of 
w»ier and diinlc immediately, li i« tjukk in iia operation. Then 
gire the whitcd of two ens in u cup of coffee, or the eggs atone it 
coffee cannot l>e liad. ^>r acid poison* give acids. In coses of 
upturn poisoning, gU-e strong coffee and keep moving. For light 
burns or scalds, (lip Ihe pan in cold water or in flour. If the skin Is 
destroyed, cover with varni»h. It you fall into lite water, float on 
the back, with the noic and mouth projecting. For apoplexy, raise i 
Ihe head and body ; for fainting lay the person Hal. Suck poisonons . 
wounds, unless your mouth is sore. Enlarge Ihe wound, or belief I 
cut ouL ihe part without delay, cauieilie ii with cBu*>[lr, the cnil of •• 
cigar, or a lioi coat. T( an artery is cut. eomprcu above ibe wotind ; 
if a vein is cut, compress below. If choked, get upon all-fours and 
cough. Before passing through smoke lake a lull breath, stoop low. 
then go ahead; but it ^'ou fear carbonic acid gas. walk erect and he 
careful. Smother a lire with blankets or carpet*; water tends to 
spread boiling oil and increase the danger. Remove du»l from the 
eyes by dashing water into them, and avoid rubbing. Remove 

Icrnderi. etc., with a soft, smooth wooden pcdnl. Preserve health 
and avoid catching cold, by regular diet, healthy food, and ctctnli* 
nets. Sir Astluy Coo|«r naitl; "'The metliodn by whitb [ have 
preserved my own health, iire lempcmnce. early Hmmk. and sponging 
the body every morning wiih told water, immediaiely after gelling 
out of bed; n practice which I have adopted for thirty year* without 
ever c niching cold." Water diluted wlih two percent, of carbolic 
acid will cli»nfect any room or building, if liberally u«eda» a sprinkle. 
Diphtlieri.i mn be cured by a Rsrglc (>( lemon juice, swallowing > 
lilile so as to rcuch all the affected parts. To avert cold from Uia 
feel, wear tvo pairs ol stockings made from different fabr4c*,one pa" 
of coiion or silk, the other of wool, and the natural heal ol the fe 
will be preserved if the (en are kept clean. In arranging sleeping- 
rooms the soundest and most refreshing slumber will be enjoyed when 
Ibe head is toward Ibe nonh. Late hours and anxious pursuits ex- 
^ 



•«* 



WHATEVSKY 0X£ SHOULD KA'OW. 



bMUt vlullly, praduclns di*caiic am] prrmniure ilr*ih ih^rrfore tli« 
houn of bbor *nd MUa/ should lie &!ion T«kr almniUnl cxcrtiw 
and recreation. Be mndcrale in ciitiiig and dnnkmc. U!iingiiini|)le 
and plain diet, avoiding sirong dnnk. loba«o. snufl. opiuai. and 
cvciy txtcw Keep the body watm, the lempei c.ilm, i^rene. ami 
plactcli shun idJcncis, if your hands cnnooi be u^rdill) nnplnve'l. 
allend (o (hr <ultivHtinn ai youT mind*. Vit purr bcsllli-tpvinK ftciih 
■ir. go Id the cuuntry. Dr. SlcicktfX) Hough asteria that if nil ibe iiu 
hAbitanii ol Ibc world wetc living in eilies of Ihc m.-ignitud« of Loit- 
don. ihe human race nould become cxiinci in b century ot iwu. The 
mean avciit)[e i>( huiniin lite in (lie LTnltcd State* is (hmy-iiinr mid a 
tuurlh years, while in Nrvr York and PhilitdetphiH il \» only (ireniy- 
thrce yean, about (ilty iict cent, of Ihe deaths in these cilie« being 
of children under five years of age. A great pereeotage of this ei- 
crtsive moriahty is caused by had air and bad food- 
Meerschaum (Imitation).— Thx can be carA-eil like Ihe ccnuioe ar- 
ticle. Tiikc common potatoes peeled, and maecraic then) in water 
acidulated vriih eight per cent, sulphuric acid for Ihiity-iiix houm. 
Drjr on bloiting paper, and for seveial days on plates of plaster of 
Paris In hot sand. The potuoed should be strongly compressed* 
trhile drying. 

Hen— how to judga. — Judge of men by nhul they do. not br 
what Ihcy say Believe in looks rather than in words. Observe all 
their movements. Ascertain their motives and their ends. Notice 
whni they ^ay and do in their unguarded moments, when udcr then 
Inftucnie I't cxcilemenl. Tlie paMion» have been coni|>«rcd to lor- 
lurrs. which force men lo reveal Ihrir trccrcts. Before tnuling a 
man, before putting il in his poner lo cause you a Ion. posseM your- 
self of every available information relative lo him, Lrarn hU bb- 
loiy. his habits, intlinnttons and propensities; Us reputation for 
honesly.induHlry. frugnliiy and puiictiuully ; his prospects, resource*. 
supports, odvanuige-i nnd d I sad vantages ; his intentionB and motives 
of action ; who arc his friends and cDcrnies, and what are his good 
or bad (|ua!ltles. Yon may lenrn a man's good i)unUii» and adran- 
tii|ic« from his friends— Ms bad (lualitics and dii^advaningcs from Us 
enemieia. Make due allowtince for oxa^Raruion in bolh. Fitlalljr, 
examine carefully before engaging in anything and act with enetagr 
•iierward. Have ihc hundred eyes of Argvs beforehand and utt 
hundred hands of Drinitui^ afieruard. 

UenstruAtlon IPkioful)— snodync for. — F.Kiraci ot siramonlun 
snd sulphate i.>E quinine, tach siyleen graini, ; niACiniln. eight grains J 
inoreroiin, eight grains ; morphine, one grain ; makr into eight pills.1 
pose, one pill, repealing once or Iwlcc only, forty or fifly minutes 
snail, if the pain doe« not sut>t>ldc before Ihts lime. Pain must sub- 
side under Ihe uk iif thin pill, and coslivencu Is not incrensed. 

Uetsl— to cl«sa. — Mix half a pint o( refined ncat's-fool oil and 
b^f a gill of spirits of turpentine. Scrape a lillle kernel of rotlia 
■lone, wel a woolen rag therewith, dip il into tiiC scnped kernel, and 



W/lAr KVRKV OXE SHOULD KNOW. 



»9? 



rub the meUl well. Wipe U uR wilh a Mft tloth, tuxl polish with drjr 

M«Uts— to hardea.— Iron. mxIv pons : (bromc. forty parUi' 
lorni 4 (•inpusitiun as hnrd iis th« diamond , A high degtce of hftrd* ' 
ness iii«f also be tmpnncd la iron or steel liy wltllnK f>iic-(«utlh part 
of silver. Copper may be hardened by the (utncHuf zinc und lin. 
The tipeculA of i^td Kuu' lektrrope is one p<irl tin and pdc part cop-, 
per : this iH ».% hurd a» Kirrl. nnrl ulccx a very high polish : If moi«4 
Ihan this tic add«d it will sciirirty cohere. 

MctaU — to plane. — The fimt operation sIhiui planing;, is to oil 
your planer nnd And out if (he bed is smooth. If it is not. file oR the 
Tiiiiich places , Ihen chiiniie Ihc dogs to sec \l they will vorlt well. mA \ 
hnil out the movmenl* o( (he pinner. Mtcr dolnit IhU. bolt your' 
work on the bed. and, if il is a long. Ihin piree. plane off a chip, then 
turn ll over and finish the other side, taking two chips, the last o( 
which should be very llt{bl. Great care should be token in bolting 
it to the bed, nut to spnnK It. After finishing this side turn it to the 
otiier side, and lake oil a liKht cut to fini«h it. 

MetroDOtoe— to eoaatruct.— Take tt cheap clock ixiovcmeni and 
sutiMiluic for the pendulum a wire with ■ sliding weight, marking 
the wire wilh ti hie at the dKIercnl point* of gmduatlon. Used (o 
indifaic lhej>i"|ier time in mu«ic. 

Mice in Com Stacks— to prfrent ravage ot — Sprinkle from 

four to six bushels of dry nbilc sand upon the loot of (he slack be- 
fore (he thatch in put on. The sand <i no detriment to the corn, nnd 
ttackii thii* drcMcd have remained ulihout injury 5io very cfteciivo 
il the remedy, ihjil nesu of dead yiing mice have l>een found where 
the sand has been used, but not a live mi>use coultl be seen. 



Mica— to clean.— Mica instovc*(oJ(en wrongly called " lslnglaM"K 
when »mokrd, is reitdily clcnncd by taking it out and (horoughlfj 



[f (he black don n<>i come oSi 



■ washing wilh vinegar n litllc diluted. 

p Kt once, let It sfnk a little, 

I Mildew— to remoTe from doth.— The moil effettual method U 

I one which hjs never fille-l niih ui. but which needs to lie uied wilh 

I care. It worked to a charm in one CAte where a carelest laundress 

I left a batkec of cloihcs. including the fine clothing of two lilllc chil- 

I dren. (o s(and In hot w cut her till every iirlicle nas mildewed. Dc- 

I spalring. we pat ibcm in the h.inds of a voman no(ed for her wisdom 

^^B In alt household ways, and »be brought ibcni back in perfect con- 

^^H dilion. 

^^F Dissolve two ounces of chloride of lime in one quart of boillns 

F water: then odd three quarts of cold water. Strain this lhrnu^,j 

I cloth, lesl any tiny lumps rcm«io. and soak the mildewed tpots inf 

I the liquid for hve or (Ix hours, and then tharoughly rlnM in cloa 

I water, This it effectual. The danger* lo Ik avoided are the U»« < 

I Ion strong asoluliun, soaking too long, ard inauflicieni rinsing. 

I result of which would be a ncakeninK of the fiber o( the ctolh l(f«l(, 

^^- Odici Rittbed* are; 



3,8 



tVrrAT EVERY O.VE St/OVtM AWOH'. 




I. Cover ihc spot with <l pnHI«' vomposMl of »o(t Boap, aurco. Mlt. 
and lh« juire of u lemon The dircciion* toy half as raucb sitil at 
RtHFch Lay Ilur cloth wet with thin mixluic m the mn. luid retxir 
the ontrinilon IIU the tpo\t, <li>iU>pcar. 

t. Wet Ihc fipoi* in buitcrmilk, and IcAvr in the aun till dry, ih«ii 
linit. 

V Uie *oU soap and chalk. 

ThcdKHculiy ii nn obsiiaaie one. and while aomc of the initclef 
mclhnd>< may succeed, (h^y mny (ml enlirely. ] 

Mildew — to lemovo from linen.— Ketnove mildeir from linen hj' 
wettint! the spot. lubbinff on chalk, and expoirinK it to the air. DI* i 
luted hanshorn will take out mildew from woolen sluHs. A irealt , 
Rolulion of (lilorlite of lime ean be applied l» almoil any fabric. liUt 
muu be used wilh caie. specially on tome colon. 

HUk — l<ir drink. — Some [Krwins arc averse W milk, because ihej 
find it indigestible, or makes Ihcm bilious. A frequent rcaion fur 
Ruch (onsequences i* that milk is drunk as if it were so much water. 
Where diralion In not RifonR It only agrees o'hen leiturety »lpp«d, 
and bread calen with It, or else cooked wilh »iilt»ble solids. 

Milk and Butter — Increase of. — If cows arc given four ounce* of 
French boiled hemp seed, ii will neatly increase the quanlily of milk. 
II pans are turned over ihU milk (or fifteen minutes when first milked, 
or till colli, Ihr tHmc milk will give double the quantity of tiullcl. 

Mil Ic— healthful tiess of.— It any onir wishea to grow fleshy, a pint 
of milk on rciirinK ai night will soon cover the scrawniest bone*. 
Although we see A good miiny fleshy persons nowadays, there are 
a KfcHt many lean and lank ones, who sigh for the fashionable meas- 
ure of phinipnest. and who would be vastly improved in health and 
appearance could their II et>h be rounded with good, solid lleth. Noth- 
ing is more coveted by a ihin woman llian a full figure, and nothing 
will s» rise the ire and provoke the scandal of the " clipper-build " a> 
the conacioiiiincss of plumpnem In a rival. In a case of fever and 
BUmmer cumplalnl. milk I* now given withexcclleni results. Ilieidea 
that milk is (ever>»h has exploded, and il is now the physician's %rt*l 
reliance in brinBing through typhoid patients, or those in loo low a 
state lo he nourished by solid food. It is a mistake to scrimp the 
milk-mlclier. Take more mitk and buy \en meat. 

Hitk {HoI>~tU tk slilniillLnt.— If any one i* (aligned, the be»t («• 
storatirc is hot milk, a tumbler of the beverage a* hot aa ean be 
•ipped. This is far more of a restorative than any alcoholic drink. 

Milk— tn increase the Bow of in cows.— (iive your <ows three 
times a day, water slightly varm. stijfhity salted. In whieh bran has 
been stirred at tile rale of one quart to tw>i gallon* o( water. You 
will find if you have not iTJed this lUily |>ia<ti<.'c. Ilia! Ihe cow vill 
give tneniy.five per cent, more milk, and she will become so mnch 
attached to the diet thai she will refuse to drink clear water anl«M 
verj Ihirsty. but this mess she will drink at almost any time, and uk 
(or more. Th« Mnount ot ilii* drink n*c«»aty U an ordinary waWf- 




ir//^ T RVFRV OXF. SIIOVtM K.S'OXV. 



a» 



BklKu] each time, morning, noon, nnrl nighi. Avoid glvlag «□«(• 
slop*." >*■ ihcy Kic no more l>l (or Ihc aalmn) llian ihcy arc lor (he 
human. 

Milk—prn«tTed or solidified — i. Ft«sh-tikiiniii«d milk, one gal- 
lon: spsquicarbunnic t>( >uda (in powder), al^c and one-half drum*. 
Mix: rviipornic la onc-lbird pan by heal of *team or vaier-balh. villi 
consuni *(jiuiiiio; then add o( pnwdcicil f>uirAr »i)c and ont'-hAU 
puunili, ai«l C"iii|>l?lr Itic evii|)OTHti«n ul m reduced leni|X'rulure. 
KediKc Ihc ilrj' muM (u powder, add (he maul, nrtl drained, which 
i«at taken from the milk. Afler thorough niimixturc. pul the whole 
intii wcll-Mopped bottlc« or tln>^ and hcrmelirally seal, 

>. Carbonalf' o( i>r>da. cinr-hall dr^ttn; waler. one lluid nunce: di->- 
■olre : add of fresh niilk. one quarl ; sugar, one pound ; rcduci? by 
heat Id the euniisiency of a 'jrrup. and 5ni»h ine evaporation on 
ptaie«. by exposure in nn oven. CJAjcuv^Aboul one ounce of the 
powder R({itaieil with one pint of water forms a good aubalitutc fur 
milk. 

Milk— punch— Yellow rlnda o( iwo doten lemons; stwp two d»jr« 
In two quarts brandy: add spirit, three quarts; hot water, two quart*; 
lemon ]uk« on« ijuari; loaf-sugar, four pounda; holllnR milk, two 
quarts; iwn nulniegs grated. Mix. and In iwo houia (train throu|[h 
wool, 

Milk— to keep swecl— I'ui inin liic milk a small quAntity >>l <iu- 

bcinnle i>[ miiEntrstD. 

Ui k (QuaJitj)— how to test. — Prt>eure any long Itlaaa vefMl — a 
rologiic lioiilc or long phial. Take a narrow Birip of paper, jusi tlio 
lenuih ('om (ho neck to the boltum of the phial, and mark it off wilh 
one hundred lines at egual distancea; or into fifty Une>. and count 
each .-IS iwu, :ind paste it upon the phial, to aa to divide tl« length 
Inin a hundred equal part*. Kilt it lu I he hiKheit part with milk freah 
Irnm the cow. and allow il lo Mand in A perpendicular iMiMlion 
Iwcniy-four houro. The number of opucea occupied by the crclni 
will Kivo you its exact percentage in the milk without <uiy guea* 
work. 

Milk— to preserve — Provide boiilm. which mu«( lie fieifectly 
cIcAii, swcei, and dry; draw the milk fci/ni Ihc c'lw into Ihc bixiles. 
and HH (h?y ac- filled, immediately cork thtm well up, and fasten Ihe 
corks nilh pack-lliiead or wire. Then spread a Utile straw at ihe 
bottom of A boiler, on which place bottles wilh straw between thcni. 
until the boilcf conlalns a sufficient quanllly. Fill il up wilh cold 
waicr; heAt Ihe waicr, and as noon as it bcKins lo boil, draw the fire, 
uiid lc( the whole Rriiduully cool. When quite cold, take oui the 
liotilcs and p.ick them in aaw.dust, in hampers, and slow ihem In the 
coolest part of the house. Milk preserved la this manner, and al- 
lowed to remain even elghiccn moniha in the iMtlles, will lie as sweet 
as when Hrvi milked from ihe cow. 

Mirrors— to clean. —Cleaning mirrors Is an cos y operation when 
rightly understood. The greatest tare should he laJicn la clcaniiu 



500 



WHAT F.VF.JtY OXF. SHOULD KKO^. 



lo u*« only the softest anidrt, ln[ Ihc rIabs should tw tcralcheil, 
should fine be diuird nilh a Ccatbcr bmih \ then washed ov<r with a 
sponge dipficd in ]>[>UI[* to icmnvc the Dy »po[» ; oficr thii It tbould 
Iw dusted wtih Ihr iHiwdcr blue In a thin muxlln bng, and finatljr pol- 
ished with nn ulil silk hi>nilkci<:hl(-r. 

Mirrors— to repair. — To lepnir a dam.iKed mirror : Pour uprni a 
sheet o( lin.dnl about Ihrcc drams of quicksilver la the siiuaie foot 
of (oil. RubMimnly with a. piece ol buckskin until the foil becomcx 
brilliant. Lay the kWs upon .1 dm t;ililf, fnce doirnwarrt: |>lncc the 
fuit upon the dAmiiKcd portion of the Kli^*". I^y k iiheet of jHiper over 
Ihc foil, and plnccr upon it a block of wood or a pieca of miLrble with 
• perfercly djt surface; put upon it suAcical rcighl to press It doim 
lljcht; ki it remain In this ptMillon a (cw hours. The foil will ad- 
here to the kI>im. 

Kirrora — to care for. — The sirons Iik'" "( the sun ah'>u1d nCTcr 
be nlloiTed lo fall dirtirily upon n mirror. The amalgam or union of 
tin-foil and mercutj' which is sptod on gluu to (ottn a loolcing-gloM 
Is easily ruined by (he direct continued exposure to the solar rays, 
cau'tint; the rIam to lo>ik niiMy. 

Miscellaneous Items. — Cream »[ tartar rulibed upon suilotl white 
kid u loves clean them well. 

A line coiDb loosens the dead skin uf the scalp just a> friction nibl 
oil the scarf skin of the l>>Hly. 
Grained woeid should be wnshed with cold le«. 
Sour milk removes iron rust from while goods. 
Try pure benilne lo remove stains from hajr-doth furniture. 
When washing oll.cloths. put a little milk in the last water they an 
washed with. Thih will keep them bci|jhl and clean longer Ihon clear 
water. 

Furniture needs cleaning as much as other wood-work. It may be 
washed with warm soap-suds, quickly wiped dry and then rubbed 
with an oily cloth. 

To m.tkc »]lk which hiM been wrinklej nppeiu exactly like new, 
sponger it on the sucfacc with A wcMk solution of jpm utnbie or white 
|[Iue. and iron on the wrong side. 

A paste made of tThUing and bentlnc will clean marble, and one 
mode of whiting and chloride of soda spread and left to dry (in lh« 
sua If possible) on the m«fble will remove spots, 

Slnxle cream is cream thai hss stood on the milk lirelve hours It 
Is best for lea and coffee. 

In boiling egn puilbem In bolting water, ti will pm'ent the yolk 
(lom coloring blBcV 

In mukinK a cniM of any kind, do not melt the lani in flour. Meli- 
Inf; nlil injutc the Crust, 

T" beat the while of eggs quickly put in a pinch of sail. The 
cooler the eggs the quicker they »Ut froth. Salt cools and also 
freshens them. 

There Is a greennns in onionsand polatoea llut renders them hard 



w/tAT Byeitv o^fs stroOtR K>tow. 



sol 



io digcit. For health's uk« pul them ■□ wann walcr (or an hour be> 
(ore cooking. 

A few dried or preserved cherrio, with iionen out, nrc ihe very 
bCHi ihint; poMiblc In is\tn.\i,\i sweet dithes. 

Diiuble cream miindi on its milk (wcniy-fuur himre. And cream (or 
buiter lrequ«ntt]r stands (oriy -eight huun. 

Cod-livct oil coniaias iodbc and tiromidc. 

There arc 174.000,000 air cells in Ihc liing«. 

The ncftrcr the rain cloud Is to ihc cunh ihe l.'\r|cer ilic drop*. 

Soda put into the mm wa,Iet rnakc^ it lit for waihinic duth». 

Glauber is Ibe sulphate of sudauf irudrrn rhemisls. 

Meat immciseil in molasses has been preserved for monihi. 

Cucucnbcr peelings are said 10 be a sure cure for cockroaches*. 

The diMilled June of the cutiia itrc form* the well-known mrak, 

A bmall piece of paper or linen inoialaiied nilb turpentine and pul 
into the wardrobe or drawers for a single day at a lime, two or three 
times a year, is a prcvcniativc against moths. 

To take machine oil out of while cotton goodt, rub on spirit* ol 
turprnlinc before waahinic. 

Ueniinc and common clay will clean marbte. 

Some ing«niou* nuin in Rhode Island has diicovered a use for the 
despised milk-weed. Its seeds yield a liner oil than linseed. It« 
gum i« (M Kood Of India rubber, and It* flow resembles Irish poplin 
Allen spun. 

I'luK up mice holes with soap. The mice will not go through. 

C.-imphor olnced in drawers or trunks wilt prevent mice tram doing 
them Any injury. 

Ji'lty moid* irtiould bcitroued with cold butler. When you wish to 
remove the jelly ur pudding, pluni^ the mold into hut wulei, remove 
quickly, and the contents will come out in perfect form and without 
any trouble. 

Mites in Cheese— to destroy.— i. The«c ate at all times betlot 
avoided than ilcslniyed. lor when Ihcy hiive become very numerous 
Ihey do a greul dv.1l •>( damai^ in a short lime. To avoid miles the 
besl plan seems to lie lo leave the cheese exposed to the air. and to 
brush It occasionAlly; some prefer wrappiig the cheese In a buttered 
paper, but the foimer plan, we think. Is the besl. When mite* have 
become very numerous, tfacy muy be killed by siupeiidinK the cheese 
bv a piece of wire or string, and dipping it (or A moment into a Dail 
of boiling water. The boiling water will kill «ll Ihc miles, ana do 
no hoim til the cheese unless it 1* left In 1 1 loo long. 

9. Cheese kept in a cool larder or cellnr. with a cloth rung out at 
clean, cold water constantly upon It. will nei-er have mile* in it, or it 
It has, ihis will soon destroy them, and also greatly improve the 
cheese, keeping it always moist. 

Mittens — to knit. — For the hand coiit on sixty Mllchcs. and widen 
at one end every time you knit acroM tintil yo« have widened twelve 
ittilches, knil plain four time* acrots, narrttw down twelve slitohes 




JM 



WHAT EVERY ONE S//OVU> K^TOW. 



*rid«a twelve Milchc*. (iaitow tirrlre. ftnd ]r<iu hare Ihc bead of itie 
roiilvn. Bind nfl anil mw ii off, lcHvin|[ a space for (hr ihutiili (<i be 
•ewed Ui. fur lh« thumb n»t im righiecn UiUticB *iitl widen at 
botkend* — at the tup widen five stitches, knit Itro plain. th«n nnrton- 
fire, but at the other end of the needle widen coDtinanasIy. u thU U 
the KO<v thai runs toward Ihe wriM. When one-halt of (be thumb 
haa been knittod bt^n to narrow at ihi« end. while you repeat Ihc 
wideninK Mnd narrowing at the top. Whcii the ihunib in knitteij bind 
nfl all but »ii «tilches— knit a littlv squnre wiih them ('ir aKore be- 
tween the thumb and hand. Sen up, and then ww into ihe iparc 
left III the hand. The wtitt may )jc hnlahcd at tons aa wanted, 
either by kniliinx or tcodii'liiiK. Thi» numl;er o( ktitches inakn a 
medium liied mrtien in Saxonv yam. aniJ. of rmiive. in to be varied 
accordinKta the siie of the yarn taaed. 

Uitten«<Silli)— (MSeatlemcu.— Four No. i* needle*, three halt 
ounce hiillt r^f kniiiiiic »ilk. Ciut or) iicTcniy-elKht stltchca; knit two 
and [jurl tiro round the needles till there iit Hb<>ut an inch and a half 
uf webbing: then knit pUin once iiround, knii to Ihe middle of the 
needle, acnni one. make one. knit one. niAkc one. team one. Knit 
plain, always teaming the aenm slltch, and cicry »ixth ortrvenlh 
row make a stitch inside the scam Mitch asUlrcctrd until there iirc as 
many stitches between the aeams a* there arc in ilic other needle* 
(tweniy-siji). Slip these stitches on a thread: tic the ends. Cast on 
eiKhi or ten slllches between the seams and knit around plain till the 
mlitcn reaches the nail of the third rows, oarrow and knit two row* 
plain, narrow and knit one row, then narrnnr every time till hII Ihe 
StiCchea but two are knit. Draw the end ot the silk thrmiKh these 
■liiches and fasten secuiety; a line darning needle is the best thing to 
ilo it with. 

For Ihelbumb take the stitches oHlhe thread and take ap the eiKht 
or ten stitches made between the scams. Knit once around pliiin, 
then knit two together of the made stitches evetr time around till 
Ihey are all taken up. Then knit round and round lilt the thumb la 
Ions enough. Narrow It off by knlitinK two together ai the lieKlti- 
niiiK of each needle till it can be lUiisheil an the hand, ThefiC direc- 
tions are equally good for yam mittens, rhanf;ini{ the site of Ihe 
needles and the number of stitches according to the sjic of the yam 
uicd. 

Mock Terrapin — a supper dlih.— Half a calfs liver, se«MD, hf 
brown. Hash U. not very line, dixst thickly *ith flour, a teaspoonrul 
of mixed mustard, o« much cayenne pepper as will lie oca half dime; 
two hard iCRS. chopped fine, a tump of butter as latifc a* an eg|[. a 
teaeupful ot wiiter. Let it boll a minute or l»o. Cold veal will do if 
liver IS not liked. 

Money Maxims.— When » moruage on a farm is so heavy that 
the f amirr never triec to teracn or lift it, Ihe sooner he finds a smaller 
place the better. 



mi A T £ VER y OXH SNO VLD fflfO W. 



3»J 
"A 



\i jrou wnni to undcnund fully the mtaning of the old adage, 
tool ftnd Mb nianejr are «oon parted." buy a lollcrj' Iklicl. 

In whaievrr you undcn»ke lonn a plan and Kilck to It, wurkin|[ like 
k ipmlel lu a point. 

All kinds of Dicful employmcrnis are e<^ually honorable. 

Kvccy man xanlnK i» life should consider what bis phytleal make. 
lattd, rducatioii. hablto of ililnkluK and of tlfe, fit htiQ (or, and h&v- 
Inj; drcldcd, llml 8l«>uld he lit* life work, and no conaidcraliun of 
assumed renpeciabllily should csuse l<!in lo turn from the bench or 
forge losennon* or brii^fs. UDkss his judRrmtni convinces him thai 
(or the new field of action he hut a aoiural apliludc or predilection. 

It don't pay lo fold your hand* and wait for a fortune to fall Into 
your lap. Twenty men rcmairt bop«1enly poor waiilnK (or a fortune 
to full into their lap, where one is made rich by the IOD|;cd-for tRUU(> 
action of the drled-up uncle or grandfatber. 

Moss on Trees — to destroy.^ Paint them with whitewash rnadoof 
quicklime and wrmd iiilics. 

Mosquitoes — to protect from. — Quassia is used in medicine a» a 
poncrful Ionic, iind the chips are >old by chemists from fifteen to 
twcQiy-five ccnti per pound. The tree U Indlscnoiis tn the We«t 
Indict iind lo South Ainrfica. A young friend of mine, frvefcly bil> 
Icn by niuB(|uii'>i.'s. Hnd unwillinn lu be seen ho dUlijcurril.senl for 
qunsjia chips, and hail boiling wiier poured upon them. At night, 
after washtng. »hc dipped her hnndx into the quassia water, and left 
Ic to dry on her face. Thi* wn* a perfccl protection, and continued 
to be po whenevri applied. At the iipprooch of winter, when llics and 
^au get into houses, and sometime! bite venomoutly. a Krandchild 
of mine, cighleefl months old, was thus attacked. I gave the nurse 
some of my weak solution of quassia to be left dry on his face, and 
he w«a not bitten a^ain. It li ln<>cuous to children, and it may be a 
pruteetion also against bed inMCIs, which I have not h^d the oppor- 
tunity of Iryinf*. When the solution or the quassia is alronfcit is well 
known lu be an active fiy poison, and Is mixed with sugar lo stiraet 
Bit's, but this is not strong enough to kill at once. 

Mosquitoes— to pt rid of. — Mofiqtilioe«,*aystotnebody. love beef 
bloud belief Ihun lltcy do iiny that Rows in the veins of htinuin kind. 
Just put a cimpte of ucnerous pieces on plates nenr your bed at night. 
and you will sleep untroubled bv these pests. In the morning you 
will rind them full and »iup)d wlththebcef blood, and the meat tucked 
as dry as a cork. 

Mosquito Remcdv. — To denr a slceping-room of mosquitoes, take 
a piece of |Mi)>er rolled around a lead-pencil lo form a case, and All 
this with very dry Pytethnim powtler (Pcnlan Inwct powder) put- 
ting in a little ai a time, and pressing it down wiih the pencil. This 
cartridge, or cigarette, may be set in a cup of sand lo hold it eied. 
An hour before going lo bed Ihe room is to be closed, and one of 
these urttidgeti burned. A singta cartridge will answer (oi a stnaU 



.|B4 "V/^ t t\-f;fiV O.VJ-: SHOirU> KS'OW. 

Mont, but for 1 large one two ■!« required. Those who hjirc Irieil 
Ihib find ih^i h (^fle•:tu;>tly •Ikpokct »( the moi^ailocn. 

Moths— protection •gainst.-^In May ihe clotht« moth tirKtnB to 
flir uboiii our niuin*. Ii iiunmall. liehl, buft-colornl " miller. "cUin I y 
wnd lieiiuiiful on dote inspetiion. But Ji UneceHary to keep a sharp 
lookout for the safety of our (uis and llannels. aod >tc musi wagcirar 
upon it. la the Arsi pliKr, w inti^t carefully pui avaycveiyihiniE 
wo can. upon which il will lay iis ctuxfi. If we pH<:k uwAy our fars 
anil OuDnels early in May. before the moth hni Letfun to Iny its ckri, 
and leave them in boxes or bog* so tight thiit the Hying muih cannot 
iquceic In, oofurlhcT prersution ii ncccMary. Clean paper bagt are 
recumrii ended for lhi« purpusv — thoiicu*ied tot flour meal bajp. They 
•houlil be without holrt ur openin^-B anywhere. ThrM bH|C*. when 
Slled and closed firmly, may be pul nway «n clo»ct »hclv«3 or in 
lootc boaci, witboui danger to iheir contents, so far as tnolhs are 
concerned, without (iced of camphor or other iiiong ador% to drive 
niolhs away. Vots »tc usually *i)ld in boxe* in which they rniiy be 
kepi. Heal them well when you finally put Ihem sway for the »ca- 
»on. If you delay pulling them away until June, examine the ''iw 
well, and thnkc and beat them very thoroughly, in order that any 
motli rgj^s Ihat niny posi^ibty have been tnid In (hero may be ihor- 
ouKhly removed oi killed. Furs SMiIect up enrly in May need no 
CAmphor or tobucico or other preventive. MufI unit tipiiel boxn 
■faould be tied up securely Jn bags, or made sale by meailing hole* 
■lul pasIInK a strip of paper around the junction of the cover with 
the box below, to a» in close oil ■>perilni:;«, Woolen f(armeni« muai 
flat hsiiK In closets thrauf(h the summer, In piarts i>l ilic country 
where moths abound. They should be iia>,kcd aw.iy in tiKhi trunks 
or boxes, or sealed up in b«^. Woolen blankets roust be well 
shaken and Carefully put awky, unlet* they ate in dally use. Harly 
In June the larv* of the moth heg^n their ravage*, and now unleu 
you dwell in places where moths are not found, look sharp, or you 
will find some precious thing that you have forgotten — some Rood 
coal unnied for a few weeks, or liic woolen cover of a neglected 
piano, already more or less riddled by the voracious! moth*, lilt 
their nature to eat until they have crown sirimg enough to relit* 
from Ihe eating business und go into the chrysalis condition. 

Somp thinss cannot be well packed away in light boxe« and boos, 
•nd among these il Is well to scatter small lumps of camphor or clip- 

fiinyi* of KusMan leather. Some use tobacco, though I ibink rampliot 
R usually prcfcrreil. It is tuid that powdered bluck pepper scalteml 
under the edge of carpets will preserve ifacm from attacks. 

Motb« in Catpets.— Moths will work In carpets In looma that ar« 
kept w.iini in wiiiicras well aa in the summer. A sure melhod r^ r«. 
moving Ihe pests is to pour strong alum water on the floor to the dis- 
tance of half a yard around the edge* before laying the tikrprts. 
Then once or twice durlttg the season sprinkle dry salt orer the catv 



lyffA r Ei'SXV MS SHOULD KNOW. 



M 



ppl bptore twocplnj;. Insects do not llk« salt, and siilTlclent adheres 
to ihi- rarpet to picvnii llicir alifihtin); upon il. 

Moths in C«rpel>— to kill,— Unack your curpci, turn it back a 
hnl( ynrd nil nrouncl Ihc rooin. wash ihc lionrds with a satunklcd solu- 
t<on of camphor, pulling >l cm wlih ;> brj^h—a pninl biuoh \* Knod, 
Ihtn I»y Ihc fnr|;ct back in ils proper place, and put over li a lowel 
wrunt; out of wnlcr and camphor. Hnd Inin il ihurouKhly with a. loai 
hoi iron no as (o steam It ihiougb and ihrtjugh. this will kill the in* 
»ecl* and nil iheir larvx. 

Moth PrcveflttT«.— A veiy pleanant perfume, and also ptci-cntlv« 
acain^i inuthH. m^y hv niude of the followinic InsTi'dlcni* . Take o( 
cluves, carrawuy lecclx. nutmeg, mace, cinnamon and Tonquin 
beons. of each one ounce: then add ni much Florentine urtis-rooi u 
nil! equal the other Ingredlcnl* put together. Grind the whole well 
lu> pxwilcr, And Ihtn put it in little bag*, among youf clothe*, etc. 

Moths in Feather Beds. — If yuii are troubled with moth* in yotir 
(riilhcr bf.'ils, l>r>il the fcalhen in water for a «hoTl lime; then put 
them ill saikB and dry ihcm. working them with the hands .-ill the 
time, 

Moch9~lo prevent the dunace of. — Ftir*. flanneU and wonlen 
goods, when l.iid by fi.r any time, arc ver^ liable l» injury ((«m 
(nuihs Mi'St pettrons mnv hara noticed al limcH in Iheir huusc* a 
small, light bioivn-culored moth, and another with block and while 
wings, tioih these are very dangerous inmalei. Whenever they ore 
Keen they should be destroyed. Rut no articles of fur. Csnncl nnd 
wuiilei) fatiric should be left long without bring taken i-ul and shokeii 
or brushed. They should always be well nircd before they are put 
away. If a few bitter apples, which can be bought al the chemists, 
arc enclosed in muslin bags, and put Into the drawers or closets, no 
moth will ever come near them. 

Moth PatchM— to remove.— Moth poichcs may be removed from 
the (.tee by the fidliiwing remedy. Into n pint bottle of mm puts 
teiiH]H>'>n[ul i>( lli.iur of sulphur. Apply this to the patchn once a 
dny. und they wit) disappear in two or three weeks. 

Mother of Pearl— to cle«n. — Mother of pearl may be polished 
tiitb finely powdered pumlce-sione which has been washed to oepa- 
rsle the impurities and dirt, amt then (inithed with putty powder and 
wjiirr iipptied by a rubber, which will produce a fine gloss. 

Mother of P«*rl Work.— This delicate subsUncc reauites gteot 
care in its workmanship, but il moy be cut with the axA oi saws, files 
and drills, with the Bid of muriatic or sulphuric acid, am! it is polish- 
ed by cotcothai, or the brown-rcil oxide of iron left nfler the disiilln- 
llon of the acid from sulphate of iri>n. In all ornamental work, 
where pearl is said to be used, for flat surfaces, such as tolayin^. 
mos.-iic work, etc., it is not real pearl, but mother of peart tbal i* 
used. 

Mountain Ash Berries— to preserve, — Mountain ash berries aro 
very showy, jnd would be of great use in holiday decoiuion werff 



306 



WnAT El'EllY ONE SifOUlD KXOtf. 



they Dot ripo mi<I away Xaain li«forp winter. If Rfaihernl when ripe, 
they thriTcl ami becoiBe ilitcnlorcil loni: before tbry aic wanicil lur 
UM. They may be prcservoii in pcrferiii>n if the f luitm are civcrcJ 
with MrooK brine. Stkk a pin here, and Ir)- it next autuniti. n^tonly 
na ihc hcrrici of the maantaiii oxh. tiul on a number of other bnttiani 
ajiil perishable fniilii, 1^1 u"(ii<kk thcfirrrien. 

UouH-trkp^che«p and goot).— Tiikc the bovi of a clean tiny 
pipe nnd fill it with cheese; pii[ it iindrr the cdRe of a Rtass itimbTer 
Ml 3U(h a manner that a alight touch will rause the tumbler to »lip nit 
— Ihe ball ami iDouac of CfAlne tinJcmenlh. TbU arrangemeiK will 
cairh more mire ihnn any trap t ever aair. ai the eo*i of one cent. 

Mouth Wash.— Proof spirits, cine qiiarl: tmraxaiHl honey, of each 
one ounce; gum myrrh, one ouure. red (Landeri wood, ooG ounce. 
Rub the honey and borax well together in a mortar, then gnAtuAXy 
add the ]ipitlt, the myrrh and aandera irood. and maccrale founeca 
day«. 

Mucilage — to make. — i. T<> make cnod mucilHirr. lake f']uiiI purls 
of gum arabic and gum tragacanlh. and add sulTidcnt water to dja- 
■olvc: odd a uiuple of clovri. and you have good, cheap mucilaiie. 

3. Thia is generally made uf water and Kum arabie. An excellent 
■nodlaAe can also be made oith one labl«*poonful of rommun dry 
»larch boiled in a (c:irup(ul of wnier. 

Muff*— for the fe«t.^A nice prcKcnl for any one who has lo get 
ou: o( bed nt night in order to lend lo small children or an invaliiT l« 
a pair I'll t'liji-inuflt ThcT are «( clouded xephjT. knit on wooden 
ncrtllrv. jc"''*''' fi^'hion rotty *iJiche« are net up. and ilic kn^iilnj; 
proceedti back and f'>rlh acrosi Ihe ncedlcti. until the strip is about len 
incbci long. Bind il oil. and double it lOKelhcr. and naakc it into a 
bag. whole at the bottom, and with a leam ai each side. The scams 
arc eincheied loncther, or may b« lootcly tewed wUhiephvr, likeihat 
uied in kniltinK. With a coartr crochet needle make \oa\^ arouml 
the top <j[ the ban:, croihetini: H lon|[ siitch Into every third Milch 
around the bag. and joining them together by chaiD-slitch. Thue 
lonpsare jura rubber tape about ten inches toog. Crochet scallopa 
around llie tup. as ornamental it» you like. ThI* bag does not look 
much like b<iol. Khoe, or tlippcr, but put It on your loot nnd it an- 
•wers nicely for a foot warmef. The number of slilche* required 
would depend upon the nk o( the needles. The knitting »huuld be 
looir nnil cliL'-lic. 

MuflUiaiGrahain).— To three cupi of aclf-ralKlOB Graham flour, 
rub in one large Bpounful o( •■huilcninK. and two apoonfnU of mo> 
laaiea, mailing a thick batttt. Buke in a quick oren. in iron molds 
or muffin-iinga. By simply mixing ttFlf-raising Graham ll>-ur and 
cold water, and baking as ubove, an excellent and healthful article uf 
food for dyspeptics \t- produced. One recommended and uted ai 
most ot the watcr-nirc and health establish men t« ihrouKhnut the 
country. In making bread or cake, the smaller Ihe in;u>s or lonf iltg 
belter — about a pound ot *o I* beat — so a* to allow a thorough baking 




n-J/A T EVERY ONE SffOUt.D A'.VOtf. 30? 

in a *h<ir1 lime. Balcc in a hot oven Immediately after mixing: tbe 
oven should be read)' when you begin to mix. 

Muffins iGiahaml. — One quiui ol Graham llour, two teaspoonfula 
of bnliin|{. powder, n g>icrc c-l bulirr Ihe «<ic ol a wain 11 1, one eKg.one 
tablespoonful of ftUjcar. (inc-lmll lt-H!i|>i.>on(ut of salt, mjik enough to 
make a bailer as [hick a» for k riddle- takes. 

Muffim — of sraDulated wheat.— Are mode ol ihrce cupful* of 
granululcil H'lie.tl. four oi tUKiir, two of cream lAilnr ciiic of snda. 
one of sail, two <upliil>i of miik, iwo-ihlnl» cupful of waier. Iwo eggs. 
Mix nil the il>}' injciedicnis luteal h«r: beal Ihe eggs lighi and add the 
milk (D them : siir (hit on the dry ingrcdienu, aiu] bd(c half an hour 
in a buiicrcd muffin.pan. 

Muffins (Hominy). —Two and onc-haK cup* of •oft'boilcd hominjr, 
unc qunrt <'f sweet milk, ihice trks beaten well, a targe Ublespooofuj 
vf melted butter, h uMespoonlul of sugar, a little sail, and a large 
cupful of flour with two leaspounfuls of baking powder sifted wlih It. 
Mix well before adding flour, beat the flour quickly, ami bake in hoi 
mufflii rings. 

MulBns (Mush).- Cold niukh i« not n very promising mixiurc to 
the eye. but when thinned with milk and ihickened with a little whcAt 
flour and eggs, in the proportion of tout to a quart. It makes very 
goi»l muAins. 

Mufflna (RalMd). — One pint of waim milk, oii«4]alf cake eiun- 
previed ycasl or one-hiiK cupful of liquid yeasi, one quart of flour. 
one tihleapoonlul of butter, tirci eggs, one [easpoonful of sail. Beat 
the eitg* well, and odd them and the sail, yeast and butter to the 
milk: Blir Rr.idunlly Into Ihe flour; beiii uniil the batter !s light and 
•mouth: let it ri»o four hours in a warm place. Fill ballered muffin 
pans two thirds full, tel Ihem stand in a warm place uniil Ihe pans 
are full, and then bake htif on hour. Id case you do not have much 
lime to Ici them rise, use double the quantity of yeast. 

Miimpft. — Thi* di»eue, most common among children, begins with 
locencas and fttiflnets in the »ide of the neck. Soon a swelliti) of the 
paraloid |;land lakes place, which is painful and continues to increase 
tor four or five ilayi. sometimes making it difficult to swallow, or 
open the mouth. The swelling sometimes comes on otie tide at a 
time, but commonly upon both. There i* often heal and sometimes 
fever, with a dry skin, quick pulM, furred tongue, constipated bow. 
els, and scnniy and high-colored vrine. The disease is contagious. 

TVni/n'iif.— Keep the face and neck watm, and avoid taking cold. 
Drink warm herb leas, and if Ihe symptoms are severe, four 10 six 
grains of Dover's powder; or if there is cosiivcncM, a slight physic, 
and observe a very simple diet. If the diaeaao is aggravated by lak* 
tng cold, and is »ery se»-cre. or is translated to other glands, physic 
musi be used freely, leeches applied to the swelling, or cooling poul. 
llrr><. Suntins mii«l be resorted 10 In this cak-. 

Muthrooma^to pickle. — Choose snail nhtir tiiu»hrouins; they 
should be but one night's gn^ritt. Cut oil Uu roots and tub iho 



ioH 



U'//A T Ml'E/ty ONE SHOULD KNOW. 



Tniulirnomt tlran with a hit of flnnnel Hnd salt: put them in a Jxr, 
allowing to cvvry t|UHri of muibrooms one ounce c^ch af *att txA 

engcr. hnlian ounce □( whole pepper, eight blades of mace, k bajr 
af, a strip of lemon rinil and a wlncKlutful nf shcrn': rover the jar 
cln»e, and let it siauil on the tilove. so as 1o be IhorouKhly heated and 
on the point of builiiiit; «'> let it remuin n day or two. till the liiga'T \% 
abturlicd by the mushtoums nnd ipice?); then cover them vtjili hot 
vinegar, close them s^in. and iland till i< juM cornea to n boll; then 
Mkc ihem away (mm the fire. Whc-n thi:y ari- quite cold ilivide tbc 
mushrooms ami kplrr into u Idr-moullieit l)ijltlcs. till thom up with Ih* 
vinegaT, and tie them over In a week's time, if the rinc^r has 
shrunk v> m nut eoiirely to cover the mushrooms, add cold vinegar. 
At the top of each hoitle put a leospoonful of laJad or almond oil; 
coik cl<i<j(^. and dip In biillle resin. 

Mushrooms— to Miect. — WhencTor a funicus is pleasant in tvtta 
and iiil'ir ii m;>y )»- cfii^idered nhulesume; if. on the cuntr.iry. it have 
an ofltiiiive amtU, a bitter, asinnttent, or styptic taste, or wen if It 
leaTc an unpleaunt lliiTur in the mouth, It should not Iw con»Uci«il 
fit for food. The color, Ajiure. and texture of those fCRrlSible* do not 
aflord «tiy characters on which we win safely rely; yet it nmy bo re- 
marked thai in rnlor tile pure ycilow, |[old color, bluish pale, dark or 
liwter browtt, nine red. or the violet, belong to many that arc escu- 
lent; while the pale or sulphur yellow, brtglii or blood-red. and the 
greenitli belong to few but the polionout. Tho *ale kinds have most 
frequently* compact, brittle texture: the flosli I* white: they k^w 
more readily in open places, such as dry pastures and waste lands. 
thaa fa place* humid or shaded by wood. In general, those should 
be ■nnweted which gron in caverns and subterranean passages, on 
Animal matter undergoing puiicfaction. a* well an those whose Hcth 
is soft and watery. 

Hnihrooras (Stewed). — Cut off the ends of the sialics, and pare 
neatly some middle sited or button muihrooms. and put Ihem into a 
basin of water with the Juice of a lemon as they are done. When all 
are prepared, take them from the water with the hands to avoid tbo 
sediment, and put them into a stew-pan with a little fresh butler, 
white pepper, salt, and a little lemon juice: cover the pan close, anil 
let them iitciv gently for twenty minutes or hall an hour: then thicken 
the butter with a itpoonful of llour, and odd Krodually sulfldcnt 
cream, or creuin snd mitk. to make the same about the thirlinc^s of 
good cream. Season the sauce to palntc. addinK a little pounded 
mace or grated nutmeg. Let the whole stew gently until the mush- 
rooms are lender. Remove every particle of butter which may tw 
floating on the ti-i' iM-fure serving. 

HusJio— ways to bIcacK. — For every five pound* ilrMotve tivelve 
ounces chloride of lime in a small quantity of soft 1>oillng water. 
When cold strain into ii enough water to cover the goods. Boll 
them fifteen minum In strong soap-suds, wring out in clear cold 
water, then put the i;uod6 in the chloride of time Mluiton from ten u 



WHAT EVEKY ONE SirOU/.D KNOW. 



M 



thlfly minutes, wilh frequent airing*; rinse well and dry the soodsi:- 
Ihcn «Ciilil in (Imr sofi wnict and dry. An excellent IilcuchinfC Aula 
i* iiiiHlc by builinir lok'ellirt one f-allrin of walcr. Iwo ounce* of pcarU 
ash, lu-o ounces sails i>f Isriar, nnd n quai tct of n pound uf Imrd soap. 
One pini of this tnixlurc is lo be put into one tub of clothes, whicb 
oliould be snaked over nigbl and washed an Usuul the neni d«y. 
Tlio^c who have plrniy ot »our milk may bleai:h muslin In tliir fnl- 
lowini: mnnner Riijt lliiik «oui tnlllc. strain k Inio * stone piil . nnd 
then put in whoever is lo be bleached; let !t leinuin there u few 
days, turning nnd airing it thrice u dny. wrin^ out. wash in cold soft 
w»lEr, «nd spcad !n the hot sun. Repeal Ihc process if neccsijiy. 

MuBtatd^toiilAkc.— Mustard thould always be niade In »u)a]l 
quiintiiki, frchli »t re(|uired, 1( 8(ii>n spo'Iii by kec|iinjc. I'ut the 
qu.^nlity required into a teacup, and Mir in the lioilinjc water till it !■ 
of ihf ptojier consistency, anil perfectly smooth. It should never b*, 
made in Ihr mustard-pot in whkb tl is to be brou|{ht to the labir. Tho 
French mix tnu»lardwlih vinegar Initcod of water, and (oine |icr*on* , 
add sail: but Kood Durh&m mustard l» bc*l made plain. Milk, with 
the addition of a little rream. if used instead uf water, is said to lake 
away all bittcrncia and to impart great ttoftness to mustard. 

MusUnl— to mix.— I. To two spiMnfuIn of mustard add one tea- 
sponnlul uf !>titi. two ctl sugar, and vinegar enough to mix in u very 
sitS paste. Then add kiilllckni boilinit water to make it of proper 
coiisistency for table use. 

3. UiislBfd should be mixed with water that ha* been boiled and 
allowed to cool. Hot water destroys Its esneniial qualities, and raw 
culd water mif hi cliutc tt to fermrnl, ful llie muniard in a cup with 
a small pinch of suit, ami mix uiih it very ic'^'u^'ly siiRiciem boil- 
ing water lo make il dropfrum the 9pui>n wllli'iut bec-.imin^ watery, 

Muity Flour— to correct. — Carbon-iie of magn»iu. three pounds; 
Hour, seven hundred ami sixiy-livc pounds: mU. Thi« imnrovciibadi 
flour, causini; it to become more whole«oroe, proilucinic h^hter twd- 
bctlec bread than when alum is used, and absorbs and dissipated the 
miHty smell. 

MuttOD (Harricot). — Tnkcaloinof muiion, cut it into smalt chops, 
season it with craund pepper, allspice, and salt; lei it stand a night ' 
and then fry it. Have t-fod (jravy well seasoned with flour, hulier, 
catsup and pepper, if necessary, Ik>il turnips and carrots, cur them 
smuil, and add to the mutton slewed in the gravy, whh the yolks of 
hard builed (CK''- ""d forced meal baits. 

Mutton «Roaati.~The loin, haunch, and Haddle of mutton and 
lamb must be done the same as beef. AH other parts must be roasted 
with a (tuick. clear Grc: baste il when you put it down, and dredije it 
with a liltir lluii' juit liefore you lake It up. A leg of mutton of six 
pounds will [ci|uiie one hour to roast before a qolck Arc. 

Nails — 'o whiten. — Diluted sulphuric acid, two drams: tincture 
»l myrrh, one dram; spring water, four ouiiMS. MU. Firet 



ar/TdT erjttr oxE saotru* sxow. 




II 

titw»»lthn«M»«faJ— i^HeOyiheii Mil rof ikcimer. 
Abotrthr frioff* •■• anMdafpKim. w« c^woja TiDK, tTrt r*!— - 
l« Ml KVmtm <i kasca aMi wa l l Irate td nx iomt kiwh. done fwvr 
AnMrtm oMliw awk, wbicb b MOlylMw bKk •titcte.iB 
cotanrfdkRMLonKlor idle. TWwoffc I r£t to «m ladAk 
I of fwtoM «t«dr». Itt tiK Dealer ara* a k«|c Jaae an** *(■'' 
FrOB iW M«« Baai. akicfe. m it **• boii(l»». **■ «( in*n^ 
tet wMe for * laMe co*«r. wniB aqaare aafkiM bid b«ca m «A 
•adiaUetf wMi » ■■rroa fric^. In [hec^Ncrof ockoa* •ark> 
•dMORMOdralt, afaanchi'l grap«ao«o«e.apeBrcka MMthcrand 
bwrtM<rfdiflwmUadBoaocben. Tbe dHirM vcre aU ukca aith 
tfw Mp oKnailH paptr fraai a^tindnnl papm Md aMd caalocaea, 
Mat llw OBlKaMW ia Mdi rapid work diaC ivo or thra* n^kioa taaU 
tm awlwBlfcftJ la an aitemooa. Kat« Graeaawaf paOenn, copaed 
litim •' Undtf the WiadMr." and ocber cliUdrca's bODks. vi cTcn 
(raw ^tntlttng card*, woald be a* prcn; a* (rail dcatea*, aad easy 
W oacaM. II ittej are oaod. iIm p«ii«ra* oa Ike laUcckMh tboatd 
cofMi^oflidf 

■■fUs IUbb— t« crochet.— L'k coitoa urine, at a qnaliiT be- 
ldam Ike tMamoa wrapping twUie and maenrnt Ikrvad. ll b 
■luljlwr and harder IwtMcd Ikaa ikc coauaoa atule twine, ytt not 
m» Mn'aa Ika OMtTMnv. V*e a amall stc«l aerdlc aad crochet ratker 
liXhl ■ii'l linn. I. Uali« a chain of (onjr siitchr*. toia Ike ends, 
J. On* chain. IPra*' thread Ihrmigh the t*o upper threads ol irK 
elluh In Aral tow, Iben through Ibc two uiiihcs on the iwedle. tbna 
■laklnil a ■ln«la crochet)- FInlifa the few m tlnitle crochet. 3. Like 
Ike MKiiind row. 4. Fife chain, one (l<jubk ttocbel buo the (oitnli 
Mllefe of third row (Ikrcc chain, one (loabic crocket into the (iMrUi 
•iluk In Ihffd row (run Um ilo«bh! crochet). Kmu between par* 
rnibsBli unUlynti have fini%hed the row, but at the end. losteadtrf 
line (l'>ubl4 CTfKhH, catch it into ibc iccuod Milch <o4 fine chain. 5, 
8aMo a* Mconil rm*. 6. San>« a« mcowI row. ;. Two chain, three 
doi»l>la Cfuckcl InUi dw llrM Milch of Bixlh row (ikip three *iitche« la 
•l«lb row am) low double crochet into the next stitch). Repeat be- 
tw»ii parniibnt* until gron finlah the row. S. (Five doable crochet 
liiiu til* Mldilia of (our doable crochet In scTenih row, onv kinvle 
cnirhM Into lh« «nd iif lour double crochet In M-vceih rowt, Re- 
IwAl lirla«rn narvnlbeti* until the row is finiiihcd, then limh oA the 
ihr«art (|. 1'(* iho thread on to ih^ end where you firii befaii, and 
make iwt, Tiiwi un ihb edge like the seventb mid eight iob-s. Make 
•omo very thick dcoK ■t«rdi aod lUrch your tiag. ruhbioi; well into 



WnAT EVERY OKR SHOULD KNOW. 



311 



the twinr. then pull into the shape ol »n hour glun and drr- l^o- 
peat the slarchinfc Ivu or thrc« lima until it ix perfedly Miff. When 
thoroughly dry girc It a coat of unbleached •hcllnc. WcJivc ribl 
[nio the open meshes in ihemlddl*. and finish with b knot. 

Nansea— to telitvi.— The followini: drink (or relieving sickneu 
the Btomactt i* Mid to be very paJniuble nnd aereeablc. Ileal up an< 
egg very well, say [or twenty tntnuics. then odd (rcth ml!h, i>n« pint; 
water, one pint: lUKur m make It palalnblc: tioil. anil t:ct it cool; 
drink when cold. If It becomct ciudji and whey, i( it useless. 

Neck (Enlarged h-lo cnr*. — To cure enluiucd neck tuke [wo table. 
spoonful; ol shIi. ivu of boru, and luu of alum; diHiolvc In two of 
water, and apply ihrcc limes a day Tor three day*. 

Nervousness— -T hi « unhealthy lUle of nj'Siem depends upon |C«n- 
Er.ll ilebiliiy. I[i»u(icn inheilieil from birth, and as often biou|tht 
on by CKceu of Mdeniary occupation. ovemlrHined employment of 
the brain, menial emotion. diaMpalion. at^d cicew. The nerves con- 
sist ot a Mnicture of fibers or cords passing through the entire body, 
branching 00 front, and havins a coanccilon with each other, anil 
Anally center* on ihc brain. 'I hry are the oricana of (celinj; and scn> 
IMlon of cv«xy kind, and IhrouKh Ibem the mind operates upon Ihc 
body. It IS obvioiu. llicrcfore thai what Is termed the " nervous 

Sslem" has an important port tn the bodily funciloni; and upon 
em not only much of ihc health, but hapi>ineM. depends. 
I'rtiitmtnl. — The cure of nervoas c»nipbinl« lies rather in moral 
than In medical crc^lmenl. For. alihou^-li much good mny be oRecC- 
td by Ionics, suchaa bark, quinine, etc.. there ii far more benefit to 
b« derived from attendon to diet nnd regimen. In such cues, aolld 
food should prcponderaie over liiguld, and the InilulKcnco in warm 
and relaxing flufdt should be rtpcclally avoided; plain and nourish- 
ing meal, as beef or mution. a Mcak or chop, togrOier with half a pint 
of billcrale or stout, fonnii>K I lie liesi dinner. Cucon Is prcferiilite to 
tea; vceetables should be bui sparingly eaien. Sedentary purtuita 
should M cast aside o* much u postililc. bui where ihcy are i-ompul- 
Rory. evcrr spare moment should be dcvoicil to oul^^oor employ- 
ment and bri»k exercise. Early bediinie and early rising will prove 
benericiol, and the use of the cold shower bath is excellcni. Gym- 
nastic exercises, fencing, horse-riding, rowing, dancing, and oihet 
purxuits which call (orlh the energies, serve also lo braccand invigor- 
ate ibc nervous fiysiem. Ii will also be as well to mingle with aoci- 
cly; frequent publicassemblies and iiniuscmenis, and thus dispel that 
morbid desire for seclusion and quiciude which, it indulged in lo ex- 
cess, renders a person unfilled for inicrcourtic with mankind, and 
materially Itiicrfcre^ wiih advancement In life. 

Net— DOW to waBh.-~NcI should be washed in a lather o! fine 
soap and warm water, then dipped In water very slightly blued, and 
again dipped In cither sugar and waicr. weak starch, or gum arable 
and water ; it mutt he pinned out to dr^' after being well clapped with 
the hand. This clapping Is one ol the great HCreEs ot clear ataltb- 



313 WITAT EVESY OVE SHOULD KNOW. 

iOK '. nolhins <lc>ri nrU. muiillnc, etc., beiiei. for li retnnTe* tlu 
iticky portion ol Ihr Miflcninjc tnai(«r without k»Kriiini! ii« trbpi 
Ncl should b« ironed i>n the ivroriK Hide wilti a very but ici^ii. whidi' 
brifiRn up tht Miftnct* ; but ironing fender* tarUtun limp. 

NcutKlgi* Cures. -A iioicd cure lor ncurftlKla U hoi viiicf;>r va- 
poriMtl. Vleul A Ila[-lion sulDclenily hoi to vaporlxe the vinciiar; 
cover this iriih domo woolen material, which is moistened with vine- 
gar, and the appiraiun ii Chen applied al onoe to Ihe painful tpot. 
The Appticnilon may be repeated until the pain diMppcan 

1. ror ncuratiiln nnd rheumniltm. two lab1c*poonluU each at 
beer* |[ttll, laudanum, spirits of lurpcnilnr, hemlock oil. half pint uj- 
cohol. mix alt together. Apply three or four timet a day. 

3 A few yean airo when in China, 1 becHme acnuainled with (he 
(mci of the ndtlve, when luffcring with facial neuralgia, using oil of 
peppcrment which they llRhtly npplled lo the seU of pain witb a 
camel's-huir |>en(il, Sinccihen, in my own praMlcc, T freouentJy Mk 
ploy this oil ai a local anteithclic. not only in neuralgia, but alto in 
gout, with remarkably good reiultii. 

4. Kcurnlgia nnd toothache ixrc sometimes tpcedily relieved !>)' ap. 
plyinit to the wrist a quantity ol bruincd or groted honcradiih. 

5. What is ssid to be a sure cure (or this horrible ailment In nothing 
but a poultice and ten made from the common field'thistle, Ttit 
leaves are macerated nnd u^ed on Ihe parts aUcctcd, hs a pooliiee, 
while a small qunntitv of the Iraves are boiled down to the proportion 
of a qiiAit to n pint, nnd a small wineglassful of Ihe decoction drank 
before each meftl. 

6. Persons troubled wiih neiirnlKi.-i will And this a cnre, if Ihey try 
It: Two drops of laudanum in hul! u letMpoonful of warm water, and 
dropped into the esu. It will i,-i»e immediate relief. 

7. For neuralgia In the head, hove a'flannel cap made to fasten under 
the chin; wear ihicc nights: let three ntghls pass, then pu( on again 
if necessary'. 

S. For neuralgia in the eyebrows, bind a strip of flannel around the 
head; rub the teeih with equal pans of salt and alum, pulvcri«ed. on 
a wi(l. wet liil of lin -n. 

Neuralgia and Sciatica.— .\n Ulnclish oiHret. whosenrd with dis. 
(inciion In the war ivftti Najmlcan. was once laid up in a Amall villu^e 
in France with a severe attack of sciatica. Il so happened that at 
thai lime, a tinman was being employed at the bote! where he lodged. 
and ihst ibis tinman, having been himself a soldier, took an inlorcM 
in Ihe offliei'sease. and gave him Ihc cute which in lh!« in^(anca 
succeeded immediately and forever, .ind nhiih I um about lo set 
riown. It is. at any rate, so simple as lo be worth a trial. Take a 
miulcrale siied potato, rather large than small, and boll It in one 
(jiiait ol water. Foment the pan affected with the waler In whichchv 
potato has liceii bailed a* hot as it can be l>orne at iiiKbt before Kolng 
to bed; then crush the potato and put it on the affected part as a. pouU 
tic«. Wear this all night, and in the morning heat the water, whl^ 




WUAT EVERY ONE SHOULD KNOW, 

»1ioutd have been pr«>crv«(l, ovet A^n. and again foment Ihe pari 
with lias hot as cnii Iw biirnc. Tliin ircjilroenl muM be ppreevfrwl 
wiih (or scfernl dayi. Il occa«iinaIly requires to be continued (or n« 
much a* l«n> or three week*, but in the shorter or loogrr lime it ha> 
nrvet yrt failed !•> lie succpMful, 

NeurklgiA aitd Rheumatism— king of ojls for. — Burning Huid. 
one pint ; oil* ol teiliir. hirni1'"k.»njiialrBS and orlgnmim, of eafh two 
onncci ; carbonate of ummuiiiu. )iulvfilr«l. one oiincc ; mix. DIrcc- 
tioni^ . Apply freely to ihc ncr\'e iind Kiims nround Ihc lui>lti , and to 
the faec in neuralgic pains, by ucitin« brown paper and layinpt il on 
the parts, not loo long, (or (car o( blistering ; to the ntfves d( teeth 
by linl, 

Neutalgiti — iDtemal lYmedy.^^uI amnionlar, r-ne-hnK ilmm : dif> 
iiolvc in tviiLcr. one ounce. Du». ••ik lable«poon(ul every thtco 
tninuii-i liir tn<^ty minute*, at Ihc end nf which time, if not before, 
Ibe iialit will have di«nppenred. 

Nickel PUting— to pollih.— Talte the finest of coal iwhe*— )-oql 
will fiF<d (lepo^iis ill fine as Itnur in your Move, nnil siii ihiouKh mu 
lln. Dip a s"fi cloth in kerosene, then in the hsIi dnxt. und 
viaorouslv on the plating, Drv and poliih wilb a w.iolen cloth. 

Nickel Orn*meiita^to polish .^Nickel ornament* on Wovcj, etc.. 
may be kept briicht by uiiing nmmunia ami whitins. Mix together In ' 
a b(-tilc and apply with a LVAh. A very little polixhinK give* ji llnA' 
luElcr, Il is good tor silver -plated ware hs well. Wc uve puoiieo 
piiwdrr to polish tin pans when we use anything. 

Night Sweat*. ^Dfink freely of cold «age lea: njd to be a certain 
remedy : of. lake elixir of viiritd in a Utile tweciened water. Dote, 
from twenty to tllifly drops, 

Nipples (Cracked^— to cure.^'lyeerine und unnin. equal welghta, 1 
rubbed together into an oinlmenl. ii ver)' highly recommended, hs Is 
alto mutton lollow. 

Nipple* tSofe).^-Pour boiling water on nulgall* (oak bark l( galU 
cannot be obtained), anil when eolil. slrain It off. and bathe the parta 
with il. or dip the cloih in the lea. and apply it; nr twenty pains of*] 
tannin may bo diBnolvcd in un ounce of mler. and applied. The 
application of a fen- drops of culiodion to the raw surfiKC is highly 
recommended. It forms, when dry. a perl«t:i eouiing over Ihc 
dlveakcd surface. 

Nitrous Oxide, or Laughing Gm,— Take iw nr three ounct» nf 
"iimle of ammonia in cryslulii and put it into a retort, Ijiking care 
that the heat does not exceed five hundred degrees; when the cryst.-ili 
begin lo mell. the gas will be prodnced In considerable quantities. 
The gat may also be procured, though not «o pure, by [imiring nliiic 
acid, diluted with five oralx times it weighl ••( wairr. on copper lUing* 
or Mnnll piccc«i •>( tin. The k"^ i* iciven out till the acid bcglna lo 
turn brown: the proccM must then lie slopped. 

Nitrate of Sii«r,— Pure silret, one and one-half ounect, nitric 
■icid. one ounce, dilulod with watet, two i^unceit; heal by a *and bath 



314 



WIfAT RVEKY OKP. SHOULD AT.VOIK 



until ebullilirrt) rra*r*. Hnillhe wMFriscx|NillrrI:ihFnp(juimionmld& 
This substance musi be kept from (he lixht. 

Note Bleeding — temediesbir. — i. While K"[nx itown Rrnadmr, 
New Ynch, hliioil ci>nimi^iic«l runnlnif itom my niwc qnilc (rcctjr. I 
Htppfl H«idc Biiil *|ii)lti:J my liiirnlkcKhW, iiitcndinfc <i> ropdiir to 
llic nvarnt hutcl. wlii^n n K^nilciDHi accustrd me, aaying. " just pat 
a piece of paper in yoat moutli. chew it rapiiUy, luid it will Kiofi f oar 
none hleeiilng. " Thanking him mlhcr doubiiuUf . I did a» he *u|f 
Itexcd. ami ihe (low of blooil cca»etl BtrooEi linmedl*l«ly. I have 
Men the rem edy tried »inc«quito frequently, niid always with success. 
Ooubllesi any substance would answer the same purpose ns piper, 
the Moppngc of (he flow of blood being catwed. no doubt, by the 
npid motion of ihc jaws, and couniei action of the muu;lrt Had 
WteriescnnnectinK the jaws and mouth. 

a. Physicians Hay that plarinK a iimall roll of paper or muslin above 
the (tont teeth, under Ihe upper lip, and pressing hard on the same 
trlU urent bleeding from (he nose — checlcing Ihc pwoagc of blood 
ihrongh the Hnerie* leading In ihc none. 

3. Lint (lipped in nettle juke am) put uplhe nostril has been known 
to slay the blcedinjj of the nose when all other remedies have failed. 
Fouricca or fifteen of the seeds ground into powder and t.it;en dAlly 
Will cure fwcllInK of the neck, knonn by the name of tfil't, wltlioul 
in any way injuriiij; the general health. 

Nutrition in Food.— The (ollowinic i* *' Pouuinganlt's Scale ol 
Nutritive Equivalents." and shuns how many parts of (he rartovs 
anlctcsof food In common use ii takes to be equal in nutrition to 
one hundred parin of whnt flout' Wheat flour, one hundred; wheat, 
one hundred unil «evrn: barley meal, one hundred anil iiinrtrrn; bnr- 
ley. one hundred and Ihiily: white harimts, Atiy-Bii; lentils, fifty. 
•even: white cabbage, eii-lii huntlrnl and ten; oats, one hundred and 
Mrcntecn, rye. onehundredundelcven; rice, one hundred and icren- 
ly-wvcn. burkwbcdi, one hundred and eight; maiic. one hundred and 
tnirtr; horse Ijcand. forty-four; peas, fclny-iicven; poiaiovs. three 
hunored and ihirieen. carrots. Seven hundred and seventy .seven; 
turnip*, one ih-suMiiid, three hundred and thirty -five. 

Oat or Wheat Straw Hade EqtiKl to Haj. — firing ten Ka'lona 
waler li> it b'^iiing hi-itl; take it oR the lire, and add to it Jit once 
three gallons of lin?!ecd ungiound; let It icmaiu till ii gels cold: then 
empty the whole into u cask containing forty-four gallons of cold 
water, and let it remain for forty-eight hours. At the end of (hat 
time, it will be reduced into a thin jelly, like arrow-root. Spread 
out one-hulf Ion »itnw. and sprinkle li over regularly with tha whole 
ol the liauld (n.>rn ibe emit. The KiKk will cnt Up ss dean, and 
keep as fat on il. i.|ujiiilily for ijuantily. »> they would do on hay. 

Oatmeal'- ho<w to cook. — Very often this nuiriiious article oj diet 
Is objectionable because not properly prepared. When it I* 10 he 
made as food, select the coaite. rei:ently ground meal, Ti> a ollce- 
Gupful add a quart of cold wajcr, and mix in a tin vessel holding «l 



WHAT El'EJtY OXE SHOULD A'JVOW. 



3'5 



InM two quarts. Tbi; vnnet should then be pUcvd in a boiler ran* 
■ajning watci atid put upon the fire ti> cuok. siirring (rcoucDtiy and 
boiled until drjr cnouu'i lo tut »» niu»h. or Iht tncal ii well done, tl 
majr then be eaten wiih buiici. tnolassn. milk, crcun and *ug«r, or 
Any otlier dieiuJiiB thnl m*y lie preferred. When ilius prepared it 
will not Imvc that Mvlily. nalvy eon*l>.tence thai cnaketr it objcdion* 
«ble. Mid people who cuuld ni>t eat it before will n<jw lake it with * 
relish. The nner.quaJiiy of meMl iibcM adapted lu making ktucI (of 
acute diseases. People suftenD^ (ram haWliul cunsiipalion will find 
oatmeal once or twice a daf a valuable adjunct la other iicatmcat 
and far prefcruLilc o ('•cnliam. 

Oatmeal DiainoDd».^lr>t» cold onimcAl mush work ciuiut:^ wheat 
meal (Graham (lour) to enable you, whtn well floured, lo roll it out 
one Inch thick, and cut into diamundt, tay two by Ibrce Inchea. 
Place in a wcll-floared tin and bake twenty minutes. Serve warm. 
The Kucceft* «( ihiA operailun dcprnds laqtely upon ila quickness. 
Much miknipuUllou <>( (lie dimiili iiinke* llient hatd and tough, but 
when mudv up riipidly ihcy will lie liRhi, trndcr and looihsome. 

Oatmeal Wafers. —Out-neal wafers are reliihcd by babies, anil 
older children, too. Take a pint of oalmeal and a pint of water, 
with almool aitca«paon(ulo( salt; mix and spread on buttered pans; 
make it just us Ihin »« it is p^iMihlr. und ycl huvc the bolloim of the 
pan coveted; bake slowly. 

Oak — spirit KtaininK (or. — Two pounds of whlttn|, quarter of a 
pi'Uiid '>( {;i>lil Mjr, iliiTiTird down with spirits of lurpcnlinc; then 
tinge vourwhiiinK <*<()> Vandyke br<>wn and raw sienna, ground 
line. Strike out ihe Utchts viih u fidh [lipped in lurpcnlin..'. ilnged 
with a little color lo show Ihc ligbls. If your lii;hu do not appear 
clear, add a little more turpentine. Tuipcniinc varnish Is a good 
BubBlitkilr for the above incniioned. This kind of i;r<>inlnjc must be 
brushed over with brer, with a clean brush. t>rf'>re varnishing. 
Sironit bc«r tnu»i be u»rd for Klaiing uptop-Krainini; and shading. 

Oak — oil for uaininr. — Grind Vandyke brown in lurpcnlitie, add 
aa much gold mic .-is wilTiet. and as much sofi soap as will make It 
Blanil the c-Rib. ShouUI li set too quickly, odd a tittle boiled oil. Put 
a leiUp<ionful of Kold site lo half a pint of lurpetiline. and a« much 
soap us will lie on » twenty-flvc cent piece, then lake a Utile soda 
tniXed wilh water and lake out the vrinn. 

Oak Rollers — to prepare the Erouod (or. — Sum your while lead 
with raw sienna and red lead, or with (hrome yellow and Vcaellan 
red : Ihin It with oil and turps, and strain (or um. When the itri'und 
work is dry. icriiul in beer. V anilybe brown, whilinn and a little burnt 
sienna, for gruining color ; or you may uae raw sieana with n little 
whlllng. umbers, etc. 

Oak (01d>— to imitate.— To make on exceedingly rich cokir (or the 
imrialion of old oak. ilie ijTouiid is a composition of slone ochre or 
urange chrome and liurni Vienna: the graining color is burnt umber 
or Vandyke brown, to darken it a little. Observe thai the above 



316 



IV/fAT Et'£JtY O.VF. S/fOVt.D XA'OW. 



cnlors inu«t br iixril whrllicr Ihc imiuiinn is in 'lil or illMvfn^r. 
When dtj mriiish. 

Oak (PoUardj—to imitate. — The ground color l« prepaKd wlih a 
miKiurc of cbromi^ yelloir vcraillllon anij wblic l«aJ. lo a rich lislit 
buff. Thr KiaiiilnK colors aic Vandyke brown mid vm»\\ pcininn* at 
mw and burnt (drnnn and Ukc ground iti ale or bcpr. rill u Ur^ 
tool with color ipreud over the surtace to b* Krorncd, and »o(ten wiih 
the hailKcr hair brush. Tnkc a mniidcncd vponfie bclncco Ihc thumb 
anil fini;?' ond dapple roumi and rnund In kind of kiiubn ihrTi ftdflcn 
very lijihlly ; llicn druw a noltencr (r»m on* set n1 Icnob* Ik Ihe other 
while wcl. to form ii mulliiilicity of Krainti. nnd lini*h Ihe knot* wilh 
a hair pencil, in lome pUc« in thicker cluiters ihoji oihef». When 
dry put ihe top grain on in n variety of difcclionE. and varnlnb with. ' 
lurpH and mold *lic ; [ben claic up with Vandyke anil sironic ale TO'' 
Hniih. rnrn^h with copal. 

Odds and Ends. — T« elmnu iihclls, waoh them firwt in cold walcr, 
anil thru boiling milk. 

A pinch ol cofflBion lablc-snll dUiolTctl !n water will relicvr a 1nm> 
Htinjc. 

The ponrdcr of a ripe piiiT-ball it useful In Moppinx the flow a( 
blood otter ampuiaiion. 

Old bool-tO|H cut into piece* of the required site, and llneil, tnaks* 
good ihkk 1 1 on -holder*. 

Mai'hinr-oil »tain* can tic removed, H. I>cfiirc wHtihlnK. Ihe «|>ol i» 
rubbed with a clolh wet wilh Hmmonin. 

Stoves may be looking nicely for iM>ine time by rubbing them Ihiw- 
oiuhly wilh newsDJiper every morning. 

To prevent ihe hair from (ailing out. wet it thoroughly once or iwie* 
a week with a weak solution of salt-water. 

Kid booti may be nicely cleaned with a rnixiure of oil and ink; 
the oil noflens the leather and Ihe ink blackens it. 

A lllllr' glac dlHolved In iklm-mllk and water will restore the stUT- 
nc«8 and luMer in crape and mnke it Imik like new. 

A v^'tiA powder or snuCF which will cure catarrh is made of equal , 
pnrts of gum arable, gum myrrh and bloodrooi. 

Red nnti mnybc rxterrnlnnied with Sprigs of wlnterifrcen oigToUM|ii| 
ivy ; iruroivi'iiiil will serve ilir Hamc pui^poac for black «nis. 

Odors ftont Cooking~to prcrcnt.— Odor* from boiling ham, ca^ I 
bage. onions, etc.. may be prevented by putting red pepper pods, or ' 
pieces of charcoal into the keltic. 

Odor* lOffcniivc}— to dcstntf, — Cappera*. csllcii Eulphoie of Iron, 
diKiolved in water, one-fourth of a pound In a k"!'"". "nd pourvd 
into a sink-drain aa often as needed will keep it sweei. A little chlo- 
ride uf lime, say half a pound in the gallon of naier. will have 
equally as good an cRcct. and neither of these costs but a rcic cents. 

Oil (Black).— Ilcst alcohol, linaurc of arnica, British oil and i>d of 
tar, of each two ounces; and slowly add sulphuric acid, unc-half 
ounce. Thc«e black oils arc yotlin|[ into extensive UM a« a tinimcal 



WirAT EVERY O.VE S/tOl'lD A'.VOtf. jij 

and «n IriImcI vklnabk. cipeclailljr In rme* niicnded with much in- 
flAinmaiion. 
Oil (BufWo).— Take thf b«l lard oil and iwrfume J I welt wilh equal 

piirti of oil Hiinlen lavender and oil leroon. 

OiUBalm of Cileadi.— I'leful for cuu and hiinia. ric. Takr a 
hiiK-piin IhiiiIc ^iiid (ill onc-tUiril o( ii wlih ihc lliiwcf* of tho common 
bHlm <■( Gilcuil. Iii;litiy )iiirkird. iirid then \>aut in sweet oil till the 
buUte U nearly full ; shake it ui;ca.iionB]ly. After a few days it will 
be fit for i»c, bui It Is ihe tieiier iat long keeping ; ihc boi'dc, how. 
ever. muM be rltMXrly Mopped, 

Oil-Clotha — haw to cl«wi. — If you wish to have them look new 
and nice, wash them with ooft llunnel and lukenuttn waler, and nipe 
Ihem perfectly drj-. If you want iliem lo look extra nice, afict they 
arc wiped, drop a Few tpocnfuti of milk over them and rub them irith 
a dry riuih. 

oil (Waterproof) Blacking.— Camphene, one pint; add nit the 
IndiH-rubber it will dissolve; curriers' oil. one |>inl: tallow, seven 
'pounds: lampblack, two ounces. MiK ihoroufthly by heal. 

Oil of Roxes.— Olive oil. one pound; altar o[ rose*, hliy diopt: oil 
of rohrmnry. irrrnty-flvo drop*: miJi. Another, roues (hardly opened), 
twelve uuntcs: olive oil, ten ounces; boat Ihcm loKelher in a mortar: 
let Ihem remain for a few days, then czprew the oil. 

Oil (Macaisai).— Olive oil. one pound; ml origanum, one dram; 
oK rosematy. one scruple; mix. 

Oil (Ncat's-footV — Afler llic hair and hoofs have been removed 
from the feet of oxen, they yield, when boiled with water. • pecuUar 
tait^' mailer, which Is known as ncat's-fooi oil ; afler sUndmg. it de- 
potili tome *olld fat, which tflacpoiaied by filiraiion; ihr oil (hen 
doM not cooKeal ai ihiity-two decrcM, and l* rtot liable In become 
lancid. It is often mixed with other oi]». I'he nil is used for varioiu 
purposes, such as harness dressing, oiling tower clocks, etc. 

Oil (TftUow), — The oil la obtained from tallow by prouiuic. The 
tallow U melted, anil when separated (mm thrordinury impurities by 
mb«fdeii(c. is jiourcd into vcmcIh and Hllowrd l» cool slowly to about 
eighty degrees, when Ihc swarine separaies in granules, which may 
be acparaied from the liquid part by slrainlng IhrouKb flannel, iin<l i» 
then pressed, when ll yieldx a frcah portion of liquid oil. It is used 
in soap manufacture, etc. 

Oil iLud).— LJiril oil is obtained from bog's lard by pressure, 
when Ihc liquid port separates, while the tard ilself become* much 
harder. AciordloK i.> Hraconci. lard yieldn 0.63 of its weight in Ihis 
oil, which Is nearly colorlcM. Ii Is employed for greasing wool, and 
other pur|iose«. 

Oit-paintioKS — loclejui.— 1. OQ>pwn(ings on canru or panel 9>re 
Ix'-,! I Ir.incd by woihina nilh soap and soft water just warm. When 
wiped dry with a soft cloth, ihcy should be rubbed wlib n warm mIIc 
bandkMcbicf bcfuic tiw Hie. An Immedlaic brightncM may be given 



3i6 



If/iA T EVERY ONE SttOVLti k'NGW. 



to any vny <lull oil-|>uinlinK* by Kenllf wiping (he surface ot-cr with 
H (roti.rut onion, 

1. To cIcAn. dluolvc b small quanltly of ta^li In wale urine: dip 
» wovlcn clolli Iti Ihp mixture iinil rub the imiminiis ovtr wiih it till 
ihcy nro rlciin; Ibrn ull^1l (hrin with h s[K)iijce iind ciciici wmier; ilrj" 
them ftrndualty. anil rub ihctn over with a clean cloth. Should ihe 
din not be cully tcmoved by the above application, ndtl a xmall 
quaniUy of noft uMp. Be vcfy careful not to rub the p«lntinsi> loo 
hftnl, 

Oil-paintiag^ — to mew. — The blurkenctl lixhts of old plctere* 
m.iy tiv in^lanlly tcsloreil lo Ihcir oriaii'i' )>ue by louchinK them with \ 
dcutoxidc (A hydrogen diluted with wx or eight times Ii* welKhl of ' 
water. Tlie part must be afterward wished with a cl«an fipon£e and ' 
water. 

Oil-cloth — to polish. — Wash it clean in luke-wBrtn nuiei. uiiriK a 
^c^llbbi^g biuili, i)>rii rub it with A woolen cloth wrung out of skim- 
milk. 

Oil Linimeiita. — i. In cojici of whoopinK-roufih :ind si>tr-e chronic 
bruncbiiic aflccLiortfi, the fnllowinj; liniTiirui utny be iidvunto^oualy 
nibbed into Iho cheit and aloiiK llic spine. Spiriii of camphor, twoi 
parts, laudanum, half a port: ipitits of turpeniinc. one port; caatlle^ 
soap In powder, finely divided, half lui ounce; alcohol, three parts. 
dlicc4l llie wholr iot[<-ihcr lor three day*, and Htrain ihiotijch linen. 
This liniment Miould be cctilly warmed be(or« uftinK. 

1.. A powerful linimcnl for all rhpumuiic pains, especially when 
ftflcclina the loini is (he following' Camphorated oil and •piriti of 
lurpcn line, of each two parti: water o{ hartshorn, one part: laud«-^ 
nam, one pan: lo lie ncll shaken loKcihcr. 

3. Another vny efficient Imlment or cinbrocAlion, iiervie«abla it 
chrome painlul aOeilions. may be conveniently and cully made M 
lollows Take ol camphor, one ounce: cayenne pepper. Iti powder, 
(WO teatpoonful*. alcohol, one pint. The whole to be digctied with 
moderate heal («r ten day*, and filtered. It iii an active rubiflcant; > 
and after a -iliKhiftictiim wiihii. it producn aKtatcful Ihrillinjf ten* 
Mtion ol heal in the pained purl, which is rapidly telieved. 

OU Finishes.— I. Linseeil nil, sixteen ounces; black resin, tour] 
ouncch, vinc^ai. four ounces: rectified spirits, three ounces: butler] 
of aniimony. ten ounces: spirit of salu, two ounces; indt the rcalB,>J 
add Ihe oil. take it olT the Arc. and »tir in (he vinefKr: let it boil fo 
a few minute*, stirnng ii: when cool, pul it into a bottle, add tfa 
other Ingredients, shaking all logelher. 

1. Linseed oil. or>c pint; oil of turpentine. one-linU pint; reetiliedl 
spirits, four ounces; (Miwdemt rrain, one and one-half ttunuet; TOM 
pink, one.half ounce: rnin. 

3. Acetic acid. Iwo dnuiM; oil »( lavender, one-half dram; rccti*|| 
Bed spirits, one dram; lioseed oil. four ounces. 

4, Unseed oil. one pint; alkanet roo(, two ounces; heat, iinlii,' 
and add lac viirntsh, 00c ounce. 



Wt/A T RVEkY 0N& SHOULD KNOW. 



3»9 



\. I.Insccil oil, one (unU TecUGed npiriu. two ounce*; butter of 
luilimaciy. (our ounce*. 

Liiitcctl <>il. onn K^'lon: nUtainrt T'xit, Ihfvo ouncM; nwr iiink. 
otKM'Uiice. Hui) Iliriii iDKcllwr [cn minutOK, und smin Kfl Ihm lh« 
oil lie quite rkuc. 

Oil Mr Fine UechKDtsm. — Oil (i>i line mechanSsm can be pM* 
pared bypuliini; linc anil led ihAvlnK». In ccguat pan*. Into Hond 
Klorencc olive oil. and placing In a cool pUi.c until ihc oil become* 
colorless. Utirmiainl (nr scwinB m»chlnc-t. elc. 

Ointments (Chilblain). — Take of ^nllnuts. in very fine povilct. 
out dram avoirdupoii; speinioceii crruic, seven dnini*; niu, add 
pare glycerine, cno drams, and rub ihu whole to n uniform miM. 
An excellent appi km I on lo obsilnnic brukcn cbitbluing. pnrliculaxly 
when used fiH n drrssinK. When Ihc pnrU are very painful, on« 
ounce «f compound otntiDcnt of icalls mnr be advuntageously snb- 
illlUltdfor ihe Jtalli and cerate ordered above. 

Ointmetit (Green).— Honey and becsnax. each one-half pound; 
*piriM of lurpemine; oneouncc; winicrgrccn oil and laudHnum. eiich 
two ouncn: verdtKri». finely piilveiijted, onc-hulf ounce; liird. one 
and one-hitK pound; mix by » hiotc fire, in a copper kettle, heating 
Klowly. 

Oiotmeat (.HeoUngi.— P>u A liitic pure beeswax In n pipkin. Add 
add some line olive oili a* It mcttt. odd more, till the mixture hm- 
>iin>» the contiMcncy of butter. 1'hi» ii Kood forabriuled flesh cuts, 
chilblains, ui any broken surface, which requires to be healed, not 
dr^vvn. 

Ointment and Pills (HoUoiway's), — Bullcr, iweniy-two ouncea; 
becsivHi. ihire ounce*; yellou' tct.in. three ouncM; melt; add vine, 
gar ot ciinthtiriileit. one ounce: cvapuruie. and udd Canada balsam, 
one ounce; oil of mace, one-hatf dram; bnlsani of Pent, ftfteen 
drops. I'ilh : Aloes, four ports; myrrh. jaJap. and singer, of each 
two pan*; mucilage lo mix. 

01lltm«llt[Itch>.— Untaltcd butter, one pr<und: burgundy pilch. 

two ounces; spiri(» of lurpeniine, Ivo uuncrs; red precipitate, one 

ind one-fourlli ounce*; melt the pilch and add Ih" butter, xirrlng 

rell together; then remove Iron tn« Are, and when a little rool, add 

the i.pirtts ol turpentine, and lastly the prccipiiatr, und siir until 

cold. 

Olntmenl (Judkin's).— Linseed oil. one pintiswee: o>l, two ounce*; 
and bull thrm in a kettl« on coals fur nearly four hou.->, as varm 
OS you can; (hen have pulvcritcd and mixed boiax, on«-half 
ounce; trd lend, four ounces, and sugar of lead, one unrt one-hall 
ounon; remove (he kettle from the Are. and thicken in tho powder; 
continue the ttirrini: until cooled lo blouilheat, then stir in oie ounce 
of spiriisof turpentine; and now take out a little, letting It g^ *^°'*'> 
and if not then sulhcienlly thicV lo spread upon thin soil linen una 
lalvc. you will Iftll aiiiiiii until lhl>- piiint is reached It IR |;ood fof 
•II kinds of wo^ndb, bruiaits. »orc», buriiH, while awelliog. rbeunwi'- 



i*o 



W//A r £y£Ky oxe should ki^ow. 



IWBi, akcn. aorc brcatu; «nd crcn where tlwrt »t* woBiMla on th* 
inaiiic. il hu been umkI orith Mlv*»Uge. bjr >pplyin(s plasWr ovei 
ibe fHUI. 

OintBcnt (Huncttc). — i Lord. raJdiu cui In pieces, and fine-cuj 
tolMOca, m)Ml velgbix: tlmmer well lag*ihcf. th^ tiraiii and prc-Mi 
out all tfom iha dr«g«. Thik U an exrrlkni oiatmcni (or wli-rbeum 
ftnd OCbcr skin Jiwaw. Il n also jc"^ ("' pil«. bralsei and tnW. 

9. Elder bark ipikeiuird uid yelluvr dtxit tuoti, of eachone pound; 
boil In iwo gallona of water down (o one; then |>fcu Ihc sUchkUi 
out «< lh« root* and Irall the liquid down (n hiilf a Kallou; adil dutit 
poundt of Ibo best rc»in. on« puunil oj l>ee«w)LX anil tallow rnooith to 
•oflcn. Roll intu rolls and apply by warming aad spreading on 
linra. 

Ointmenta— for pitei.— i. Take carbonaie of lead, one-balf ounce; 
sulphiie of morpbia tiflcen Kroini, siramonlumoiniment, one ounce, 
olive nil. iwenir drop*. Mix. and apply three limes a day. or ■« Un 
pain may require. 

a. Powdered nnt-^1, twodraouicunpbor. one dram; melted wax, 
ten tiuneei; tinciurc o< opluot. two drams. Uli. 

OJnttattit— for old Mre*.— Red prcrlpilatr, oee-half outk-f: tufcar 
of lt«d| one-half uiini'r. burnt alum, one ounce; while vitriol, one. 
qiurlcr onncr. or a little less; all to be i*tj finely jjulverired; have 
niDllon tallow made wana. one-half pound; stir ail m. and stir unlll 
coo!. 

Oitttawat (Sal phut),'— Lard, four ouscm: 'out of sulphur, one 
•ad a half ounces; sat ammonia, two drams; essence of lemon, twelve 
drops, make it intu an ointmenL Will senenUly cure the itdi, and 
lia« no diia^reeabli.- tcnell, 

Omckt.— Cbitipat.ilivrly few ol our houscke-epcr* dare sttetnpt an 
omelet, bul there is nothinic difficult Hbuul it, Th? chief cause of 
failure lies in nut having the spider hoi enough, or in making tu) 
omelet too large for the poa. For a spider eight inches in diameter, 
not more than four eggs should be used. For an omelet o'' ihr* «iie. 
use four esgs. one leaspoonful of salt, and two ialile*pocinfuls a(j 
crnatn, orin place of that, use milk. A larger omdti. and rery good^ 
b made with six eggs, a scant teacuptui of milk: salt and pepper. 
Beat the yolks alone to a smooih battel, odd (be milk, salt and pep- 

Ser. and lastly, the well-bciitcn whiict. Have the frying-pan very 
i>t. Put in a tabletpounful of butter, which should instantly hisS. 
Follow it quickly with Iho wcll-besicn mixture, and do not stirthia 
after il goes in. Cook over a hot fire, and as the egg sets, loosen it 
from the pan without hreahlnji. to prevent burning. Itshotild cook 
In about ten mlnuir^. When the middle la sei, il Is a good pl«i> to 
place the pnn on the high Kralo in Ihe oven lo browa the top. This is 
not Deeded if you turn half of the omelet over upon itself before luni* 
ing the whole from the |) an upon a hot dish. Eat while hot. 

Omelet— with cold meat,— Almoii any cold meat— beef, mutton, 
ehickcu, may be chopped fine, seasoned a lititc. spread upon ibcome- 



WHAT EVERY 0!^E SHOULD KNOW. 



J»t 



let before (t l» doubled togeiher . malcinK an excellent di*h, and af. 
fordinfc Taricty. 

Omelets — to raiJEe.— Aa omelM »hould have ihc yolk* and white* 
nf Ihc fg^ ircll bcalcn teparalely, wllh a tpoonful i>( millc to ciii:h 
c^K diliicd. vl[h xntl ;in(1 iirtiprr to vrHNOii, anil )iitl liclntir plarInK in 
« very 1>'>1 sijiilrr. which sh'juld liiivc ii MtiaH iiif^r ol biiiicf in it. ihe 
whiles ol the KfXi ih'iukl be iuldrd lo the yotks and milk. Thejr 
uughi not to be (icitlcn in. but dipped through and ihrough the irulkn, 
etc., then poured iniu the tpitlcr, the part whirh ihlckcns around Ihe 
edKc lilted bock to the renter In m hop ami iHkcii up juii before il iA, 
•II »cl. I( Ihe butter whs hot enough il wilt be a dellcNlc brownj 
when lutncl over upon the plate forlhe (able. 

Omelet (Govectiment Clerk's).— The (ollowing recipe maj- be 
found paUlablc and economtcAl: Take two egg«, bejit them well, 
while* and yolk*, aad one cuphll of milk. In which n ULblcspoontuI 
of curnsureh ha* been diMolved: add a little aalt and pepper; have 
biiEier Nulficienily hoi in the pan; slir up Ihe umelet while cooking; 
enough for two persons, and no more- 
Omelet (07*tcr). — Twelve nymcn, If large, double the number If 
small; (IxeKKt.one cup of milk, oaetablespoonlul »f bullet, rlioppelt^ 
pmley, lalt and pepper; chop the oyHtera very fine: beat the yolk* 
and whtlct of the e^» separately, m for nice cake, the whiles uolH 
Ihcy sund In a heap. Put three tables poonfuls of butler in a frying- 
pan, and henl while ynu are mixing Ihe omelet. Stir Ihe milk la a 
deep dish with Ihe yolks and itoaHoning, Ncxi odd Ihe chopped <iy»- 
Icrs. lienliiiK ibcm well as you add urodiialiy. Whvn ihuruughly 
mixed pour in melted butter, and finally whip In the whiles as lightly \ 
ai possible. lUve Ihc butter In the pan very hoi. and pour ia the, 
mixture, Do not iiir II, but when II bcgini to silflen slip a brood-] 
bUiIrd knife around the «idc and cauliotMljr under the onielcl. that 
the butter may reach every part. As soon aa the center i* fxirly wl, 
and ihe bottom brown, lum out into a hot dish. Lay the dish bot- 
tom upivard over ihe (rfiog-pan. which must be turned upside down 
dexterously. This bring* Ihe browa side of the omelet uppcrmoti. 
Thit i* a ilelleioun breaklajit or irupper omelet. 

Onlooa— healtbrul proptrtlcs of. — Lung ttnd liver complaints are 
certainly benefitted, uften cured, by a f ree consumplion of onions, 
rilhcr cooked or raw. Colds yield to them like magic. Don't be 
afraid of them. Taken at night all offense will be wanting by morn- 
ing, and the good efleei* will amply eompentaio lor the ttiHiiijc an. 
noyance. Taken rcKulurly they K'esitly promote Ihe health of the 
lungs and the digestive organs. An extract maikr by boilinjc down 
the juice of onions to a syrup, and taken as a medicine, answers the 
purpoiw very well, but Ined, rootled or boiled onions are better. 
(Iniont arc a veiy cheap mc<lirlac, within everybody's reach, and < 
they are not by any me.iii» a<t " t'lvl l<> take " at the costly noMruau ' 
n neglect of Ibeir use may nevewilale, 
OnioDi— to peel.— To many peiaons peeling onions b a most dl>< 



H'tlA T EVERY OS'E SIIOCLD KNOW. 
^ninMi opmtion, and <him« (h« K^cum p«in In the cjrc*. AH 

pirilr be peeled vitb impuniir tncrcfT by ulciog « nctdle or Miy 
■mU pim of potUbcd nuel between ihe leHb duHng ihe trfen»Xaa. 
The steel willsuract ih* acid }uirco(i)i«onto«iMid MvcihecT«3, 

Onioiu — to pickle. — Clu>o>e smitt round oninns rt m oTe llie akins, 
uccp ihcin In ctrMW Iwuw foe a WHk in a sivoe vnt«t, poor il oS, 
ftnd hrM liil ll bMb, ibeo poor on :lie oaiono, boituig boi, allet 
twenty -(oar huore drain on a nierc. then pal Ihesi In bottlea. All ap 
orer ibcm with •troot: aplMd v)n«su bnlUnc boi caric down inw 
mediately and wax over Ihe TOrl. In x simiUr manner are pickkd 
oiuttirooRu. cauliflowers umphires. peas, beans fcrecn goaoeberriei, 
wattitil«. red cabbage* <wilboDt uh. with cold rinegar). Observe 
that Ihe mEi and more dellcaU do noc reipitrG no moch stwktnx in 
brine as the harder aad coairMr kind*, and may be oAea kept bjr sin* 
ply pourinit very stronK pif^klinK vinegar on tbctn wiihcnit the applk 
cation of beat. 

Ottl«BS Car Fowls.— Onion* are a preventive of and a remedy Utt 
nuar dbeaaea !<■ wblch domestic (owls are liable. For gap* onions 
are Ine bnl things that can t>c (ed. Give (owb a* many a» they will 
eat. cliopp«l fine, as often ai Ihree times a week. 

Onioo*— to ipraiit. — Pour hoi watcroo the seed, let it remain two 
or three •econdx, and they wilt immedialety sprout, and come up 
murh earlier. 

Ooioas-^to aton. — For storing onionn there i« no tieiter ploicc 
than a dry, cool, and airy h>(t. where they can be sprrad uut ihinljr, 
■jm) often looked orer for the remoral of those which mar have be- 
gun to decay. Warailh and moisture are fatal la Ihe keejiiiig of 
Ofllont. an'l murh handling Is almost equally *n. 

Opium aod its Uses. — Opittra is a stimulant, nareotic. and ano- 
dyne L'ud F.ilcrnally. it acu almost as well as when taken into the 
■tonwch, and without aScciing the head ur cauung naiuea. Applied 
In Irrluhle ulcers In the fotm of liaciurc. it promote* their cure and 
•llavspajn. Clothes difwed InaMrongsolution. and applied over pain. 
lul nruwes, tumors or inflamed joints, alky pain. A small piece of 
•otid apjum tlnflcd into a hollow tooth relieves looihocfae. Two drop* 
oi the wine ot opium dropped into the eye acts ai an elcellenl xim- 
ulant In bloodabot eye, or after loag^cooilnucd inflnmimiion. It iHtiMi- 
(ul In Bircaglhtning Ibe eye. Applied at a Ifnimnii. in omliinalion 
wtlh ammonia or oU or with camphorateil spiril. il relieves niusculvr 
pain. When combined with oil ai turpeminc it is useful as a lini- 
ment In spasmodic colic. Used icilernatly. it ncu as a very powcHiit 
Bilmulanl. then a» a sedative, and finally as an anodyne and narc'Iie, 
allaying pain in the most extraordinary manner >» .iciine directly 
upon Ihe nervous system. 

In acute rheumatism il Is a most excclieni medicine, wneii com. 
bincd with calomel and tanaralc o[ anltmony, but its ekhibition re- 
quires the judicious care of a medical man. 




W/fAT EVERY 0A'£ S/MV/JJ /TAroil'. 333 

iititt af ihf v«risui prrporttieni. — Confcellofi o( i>plu(n. from fire 
frainit (o half ad»m; cxtinci of opium, from orc (o Ave ^Bin.i(iliu 
!h& vRJuable (urm, UN it do«s ool produce ao mucli sIicr-<l«ningo. 
mem ol the ncrvout nyBiem m solid cpiiun); pillaof soap and opium, \ 
ftom fire 10 ten grniiw: compound ipecu-uanhapowdcrCDavcr'tpow* 
den), (ronn five lolwenty grnlni. compound kino powder, (rom five 
(o twenty kiaio": wine of opium, lti>m irn minim* ia one dnun. 

CautitH. — Opium U 3, powerful poin'm wiien (niccn in too Iaikc n 
quantity and therefore ihoultl be awd with extreme caution. 

Opodeldoc iLi^iuJdV— Worm brandy, one quart; add 10 It gaia 
cnmphi,!, i^mr oiioir', utt ammoniac, one-quarter ol nn ounce; oils of 
"riKauiim iinil tusomary. each one-half ounte; oil wormwood, onc- 
quailer ounce; when the oils ate dissolved, add six ounces of salt 
Miap. 

Oranges — promote health. — A welUknown phy*irian lald to ua 1 
Dni'e " Let chiklfcn i-iil one or two cxnnifcs every morninic before' 
breakfast through llie sprinic teasoii. and Ihey will need no medi- 
cine during the rnt of the year." It icoud for children, why not (or 
older people as well ? 

Orcunla <0U1| — to renew.— It is very well known that the reason 
why peach apple, quince «»•! pear ofchanlt t:i''>dually jtriiw poorer 
and poorer until they cease in produce at till, is because the potash ■» 
exhausted from the soil by the plant. This potash must be restored. 
Odd the most efTectU-c way 10 do it is to use the following compound, , 
discovered by ft dlalltigufihed German chemist Thirty pan* of su1> 
phnir of potash, fifteen paru sulphate <if niacnetla; ihirty-Ave Paria! 
Milt; (iftern pans ifypsum (plaster of Paris): ll>* parts chloride of] 
magnoia. This should be roughly powdered and mixed and then 
mingled nlth barnyard manure, or dug lu about the root* of ihe 
trees, From ten to twenty pound* to b tree arc quite moufh. 

Orchards— to r«n«w. — Rarly in the spring, ploui-h Ihe entire 
orchard, and enrich the whole toil with a Jiood dmsini; of compost 
of manure, swanrip-muck. and time, scrape off (he old bark with a 
■Icck-icrttper, or a sharp hoc. apply halt a bushel of lime, and ilic 
tame ot i-rnund charcoal round each tree. Then apply diluted RU(l 
map. or stione sop-suds, on the inmks and limb*, as hiRh as a man | 
can reach. When the trees arc in full bloom, throw over (hem acood 
piloportion of fine slaked lime, and you will reap abundant fruits (ram 
your labnri. 

Orchards— to cnltiTate.— One of the most succciuful (mil growers 
of this dectiiiri t;avc nie hi* plan o( cultivailnit hi* orchard, He plr>ws' 
hii orchard uno way. Icavinf; strips cl'i«e (o the trees about fIk hi feet 
wide, and plants potatoes, cmrering them with straw. In the (all, 
when he digs his potatoes, be piles the straw, and the next spring be 
plows the ground crosswise, and plants again, using the same straw. 
After the straw ha* been used two years. It Is lamed under in the fall, 
to manure the ground. In this way his orchard Is maDurcd with very 
tittle trouble, and hecullivates his orchard at the soma time, lie 



A 



yu 



H'/fA T EVER y OXE SUOVLD KXOW. 



•ayn (hfti he dopi not believe, from hii own experieiKe. ihU H U{. 
(or fruit trees Ic hare (he plow ran >njr (t(«cr than four (eel oii eMk 
■Idc, but ihlnk* tt better (■> niliivHto tn (hU way bciwcco Ihe rowi 
ihun tu leed diiwri ■<> Kiast nnil jiasiure, 

Omament— for mantelpiece. — An ornament may lie olitaincd b» 
auapendintt nn acorn by a ;iic<e of thread tied nround il. wiihin haU 
an inch of the Rirfate of Home wixrr r»n(!tlr>cil In a va«c, tumbler nf 
■aucer, andallowinKit to remain uniliiiurljcd (or »cvcra) trcirki. I[ 
•rBI aoon bunt upon, and amall roots uill tieek (he wuler: n blralchl 
and Upering stem, with beautiful, glony crecn le«vea will nhoiil np- 
ward and prcAcnt a very pleAiJnK appcdtancc. Cbo^inui ireet niiiy 
benrown la the i^vac munncr, Ijui their leaves are ciot va hciuiidil ki 
those of llic oA. Thir w»ier »h<>ii!<l lie ih.inKCit onre a nii>nlli. tak- 
ing care to nu|iply wulcr <>f the mine unnnth; bits u( chiirc^al nddeil 
to II wJl prevent the water from nouring. If the little leaveiiuni 
yelkiw. put a gmjn of iilirnte a\ nmmoula in the Qlcniil which hold* 
lh« water, luid il will renew their luiuriiincc. 

Omaaent for Table.— One-half iluicntrns; nt^ke a hole at one 
end and empty the cooients; fill up viih camilarch m.-uJc iliff. 
When told atrip oil Ihc9.hc1ti: pore lemon rind very thin, boll tilt 
lender, then cut in narrow i<lrlp<- like Mraw, anil lay in piiwilcrcit 
■URnr; All k deep dith hall (ull with either »ild cu»tHrd or wine jelly, 
pul the CKICS together in the center, nnd lay the slranrs aetl-Iike 
around them. 

OMridi Feather*— to cle*n.— While or light tinted ones can bo 
laid on a pUic tind icrubticil K^ntly with a looihbruMh, In warm soap- 
(ud*, (hen well shukeii out and well driiil either by the hvt sun or n 
ItaotI fire. At lir»i Ihe feMtlier will have ■ most diKDurai{ing appear- 
•nee. and a novice U apt to think tt perfectly spoiled. But after it (aj 
pertectly dry il »hould be carefully curled with a penkntfr or ten 
aora blBil«. and it wilt recover all 1|» former plumy coftorM. 

Oltrich Feathers i. White)— to clean.— To clean a white ostridt| 
feather, put one ouiks Castile s'>ap in one pint ol water. Wash 
feather In ihii. and tinie in pore water. 

Ottom(ui~to make.— A neat and unelul olloman may Xn made brj 
takinKabox in which (inc-mt tobacco is uackedand coverins it willrJ 
cretonne. The lop in^y be taken off and put on without dtlhcully, 1 
if. after coverinR. a narrow nifRc to fall over the edge li tacked oa,,l 
An oiiomno of tbii sort ic convenient in Ihe bedroom, where il taxfA 
MTve k* a teccpiacle let mockiiijt*. If one does not care to buy i 
KMoe, bit* i>( carpet may be u«ed for Ihe cuTcrlng. 

Oren-hoMer*— to make. — Oven-holders, for laUnK oui bread,] 
meal. cl(-. atcmadc Iwo and one-half feel lonjc, by one foul wide,] 
(A codec xoeking. AtM bollinit Ii in a»hea to •oflen and then wushing.-l 
it, ar o( three or fdur IhickncMcs of old coliun cloth. They area' 
^ne<e«tily. Have thte« or four of them, or better, half a doiea, ; 
I be washed each week. Keep thoic m u>c on nalla bfr 



WHAT EVERY OXE SHOULD KNOW. 



S"! 



■Ida ntore, and ll Is handy lo have a smullci one with a loop and lied 
•rHb A t>w to the apron bindlnK <>( the cook. 

OversliM^— to m&ke. — Vrrjr nice uvcnihocH can be made ol 
double zcphy), €>r coane domcilk irarn, Sfi up forty mi ichc* on 
lhrr« Inriie Mc«l nentlei, join; knit Iwo pUin and (wo siilchcs seam, 
hII s(t>uml lill Iwo inches have ticcn knit, ihcn rammcncc lo rnurow 
In ihc cpoicr of one fiucdlc; i>ii each wile ol tuo pUln Mltch», nar- 
row on the tight side. »lip and bind on Ihc kit. Do thua every ttinc^ 
you come arounil to it, (ill (here ate butlwcnljr slitches left on cacti 
nc«<llr; knit lw'> <>> ilirre intheii (Core, mo plain nnd two *«ani. 2nd 
bind oil. Tliev "rt: nici: i'> wear when riding In cold frealher. 

Ojsters llnitAtiont. — I wish to icll iho»e who are tocid of oyxteni 
«1 a way 1 hove karncrd of prepjuing corn oystera. which havF ■ 
iMte slmtlar lo real fclcd oystcn: and ar« equal, if not superior 10 
the bivalves the muclvct. Gtaie >ix car* o( swcrt corn (ihi^ prcper 
Hge for boiling), add iwo beaicn csK*. a link u!t anil pepper. I>rop 
tpoonfuls into ymtr liol. well buttered fryinjc-pan, liy and (urn ihc 
Earae as oysters, broivning nicely on tioih sido, and you hiivc ii dibh 
which yon cannot liiii pronounce eicelkni. 

Oysters- to broil. — I' hc a iloubk s''i<l'''"ti <l>[>t (old* ingclher; 
gteiise Ihc i>.ii», whiih pctvcnl* tilickinit; then dip each oysler Into 
melted bulier. place thetii on ihi? iron eiioufch to cover it. have a briiilc 
fire and I>rait; cotisiaotly baste with bullet; when done, serve on 
rerv lioi (oaht on hot di»hcs. IJic no cracker or crumbi of any kind. 

Ojstera (Fried).— (Nc (or frying the laricext and bcM oysters you 
can (.-et- Take tlieni from lite l><iii<>r. Uy Ihcni in i -iwt upon a clean 
doth and prcH nnulhcr lij^liily upon ihcni to iitisorh the nioliiuir. 
have ti-aily nonic beaten egffi nod noine tircad-crumb!!. I leni enough 
bulicr in ihc |>iin ii> cover the oy«icni. I>jp each one Jn the cRfi Arsl. 
Ihcn ini.i (lie crumbs, rollinit it over, thai U may be (ompktely 
covered. Ilri<p diem into ihc fryrng-iun and liy quickly to a light 
brown. Du noi Ici thrm remain in the pan nn intlani nficr Ihcy arc 
done. Serve dry, on a Imi dii-h. 

Oyster Omelet.— An oyitrr omeki may be a new ill«h to lome 
e<'»kx. and 1 can nKMite ilinn ihal it will lie a frivutiie if the family 
likes oyMcrt. Slew 11 ijnien oysiris in Ihcir own iKptor, if imwiblei 
if not, uie a very link uater: roll too or ihrte lump* of buttei the 
*izc of ImtlerouLi in 8uur. an'l put \n and kl il come to a boil; salt il 
well, and black or cayenne |>epper 10 »ull I'our laile. Take out the 
oyxlers and chop Ihcrei. and if nccrtsary i'> make ii thl(k, odd a little 
flour to iho sauce; then piii Ihc »yNlrr9 in, and ^el the MiUiciKin in 
which Ihey are on the b^ick pan of Itic si<'vc. Beat your vKtfl unlit 
vet V liKht, nnil add to Ihcm (wo tabkspnnlula of cream or rich milk; 
fry in a wcll-buiicred fiyinR-pao. When done, remove to a hot plai- 
ic'r i>r a deep plaie. and pour ihc wysier kaucc over It. Serve while 
hot, 

Oystetv— new ways of prepariae them.— The ways of prcparinii 
oysters arc noi many. This method, howevei, is nol irideljr Itnowo: 



»*i 



IVUA r f. VEK V O.VE SI/0 ULD K.VO f f. 



Tmir Ivo ^tta oy«(«rii and throw tbcm in h Urmc ilocp dltb: the* 
utw « nrinII IniixIi «< paralc]' «ho|iprd line, a Utile Itnwo rind 
irslml, hklf a nutnic|[ gr>ml, anJ (hr rrurabi iif a stale FrciKh rtiO, 
»l*o Kfatcd; Irl the latter b« *r«ll inrorporaied. addloic MMie caycoac. 
Harr in rpoflloi-n the yolkt of three Iruh cffs* beaten unlnioa 
foam; 'lip e>u)i iiyitcr K-|Mirately Intn the ckki: and rail thcni iniu th« 
bmarfrriirnl-a unill Ihry arr .ill i-ivrrol itiih a itood coat. Pul > 
nilalU-f «f a |inu»d of liultrr in Ihc ■>i'cn till il n melted trhtlc arrang- 
inx Ihc '>yaie>i In the pan. th«n turn tl>eiQ ciHiiinually until they aiu 
aume B jiorferi Iffuiin and cruMv appearance. When fully cnolud 
acrvc tbrm wiih aome cel«fy. Mil. aail Ihin ntleea of Graham lir«ad 
■od bulirr 

Ojltcra <PickM).— Select Iho larKcat oysteni, drain off ihe>r 
Uqaor. Mid WMh ihcm In clear water; put them in a Mew.pan wltli 
wMEf proponiMied to the number ol oyxten. nonie *all, blades of 
■nue, ana whole block pepper. Stew them a lew minuiCM. and Ihra 
put Ihem in h pnt, and when cold, add ait muth i>alc vincitar ai will 
Ifiv- ihr lir.ii'ir an agreeable acid. 

Ontei Saoce. T^c nystcri are In be bearded and Maided, then 
■iralrt Hie liquor and thicken It whb a Utile fluur and hutirr. nddinK 
lrni»n Jtilc* In Binall quantity, and a frw iiil)1csi»nn(ii]!i of cream; 
li<al the oyilera well in lht*i mixture, but do